JP2016015747A - Method and apparatus to detect request for and to establish request-based multimedia broadcast multicast service - Google Patents

Method and apparatus to detect request for and to establish request-based multimedia broadcast multicast service Download PDF

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JP2016015747A
JP2016015747A JP2015162150A JP2015162150A JP2016015747A JP 2016015747 A JP2016015747 A JP 2016015747A JP 2015162150 A JP2015162150 A JP 2015162150A JP 2015162150 A JP2015162150 A JP 2015162150A JP 2016015747 A JP2016015747 A JP 2016015747A
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content
targeted
user
information
based
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JP6133369B2 (en
Inventor
チャールズ・ヌン・ロ
Nung Lo Charles
マイケル・ジー.・ルビー
G Rubin Michael
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クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッドQualcomm Incorporated
Qualcomm Incorporated
クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッドQualcomm Incorporated
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Priority to US13/661,003 priority patent/US9282354B2/en
Priority to US13/661,003 priority
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/20Servers specifically adapted for the distribution of content, e.g. VOD servers; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/25Management operations performed by the server for facilitating the content distribution or administrating data related to end-users or client devices, e.g. end-user or client device authentication, learning user preferences for recommending movies
    • H04N21/258Client or end-user data management, e.g. managing client capabilities, user preferences or demographics, processing of multiple end-users preferences to derive collaborative data
    • H04N21/25808Management of client data
    • H04N21/25841Management of client data involving the geographical location of the client
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L29/00Arrangements, apparatus, circuits or systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04L1/00 - H04L27/00
    • H04L29/02Communication control; Communication processing
    • H04L29/06Communication control; Communication processing characterised by a protocol
    • H04L29/06176Arrangements for real-time multimedia communications
    • H04L29/06183Signalling, control or architecture
    • H04L29/06319Session control
    • H04L29/06326Setup
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L29/00Arrangements, apparatus, circuits or systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04L1/00 - H04L27/00
    • H04L29/02Communication control; Communication processing
    • H04L29/06Communication control; Communication processing characterised by a protocol
    • H04L29/06176Arrangements for real-time multimedia communications
    • H04L29/06523Quality of Service (QoS) aspects
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/30Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving profiles
    • H04L67/306User profiles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/32Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for scheduling or organising the servicing of application requests, e.g. requests for application data transmissions involving the analysis and optimisation of the required network resources
    • H04L67/325Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for scheduling or organising the servicing of application requests, e.g. requests for application data transmissions involving the analysis and optimisation of the required network resources whereby a time schedule is established for servicing the requests
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/60Network structure or processes for video distribution between server and client or between remote clients; Control signalling between clients, server and network components; Transmission of management data between server and client, e.g. sending from server to client commands for recording incoming content stream; Communication details between server and client 
    • H04N21/61Network physical structure; Signal processing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/06Selective distribution of broadcast services, e.g. multimedia broadcast multicast service [MBMS]; Services to user groups; One-way selective calling services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/06Selective distribution of broadcast services, e.g. multimedia broadcast multicast service [MBMS]; Services to user groups; One-way selective calling services
    • H04W4/08User group management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/40Connection management for selective distribution or broadcast
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W28/00Network traffic or resource management
    • H04W28/02Traffic management, e.g. flow control or congestion control
    • H04W28/08Load balancing or load distribution

Abstract

A technique for content distribution via an on-demand mobile broadcast service is provided. Receiving a request for content and performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area Can be performed by a network entity such as a broadcast multicast service center (BM-SC) 930 ′. Provide at least one of requested content or targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service. The targeted content includes at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content or targeted advertisement. [Selection] Figure 11

Description

Cross-reference of related applications

  This patent application is “METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT A DEMAND FOR AND TO ESTABLISH” filed on Oct. 28, 2011, which is assigned to the assignee of this application and expressly incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. Claims priority of provisional application 61 / 553,151 entitled "DEMAND-BASED MULTITIMED BROADCAST MULTICAST SERVICE".

  Aspects of the present disclosure relate generally to wireless communication systems, and more particularly to adaptive delivery of content to wireless devices.

  [0003] Wireless communication networks are widely deployed to provide various communication services such as voice, video, packet data, messaging, broadcast, and so on. These wireless networks may be multiple access networks that can support multiple users by sharing available network resources. Examples of such multiple access networks include code division multiple access (CDMA) networks, time division multiple access (TDMA) networks, frequency division multiple access (FDMA) networks, orthogonal FDMA (OFDMA) networks, and single carrier FDMA ( SC-FDMA) network.

  [0004] A wireless communication network may include a number of base stations that can support communication for a number of user equipments (UEs), also referred to as mobile entities. A UE may communicate with a base station via downlink and uplink. The downlink (or forward link) refers to the communication link from the base station to the UE, and the uplink (or reverse link) refers to the communication link from the UE to the base station. As used herein, “base station” means an eNode B (eNB), Node B, Home Node B, or similar network component of a wireless communication system.

  [0005] 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a major advancement of Global System for Mobile communications (GSM (registered trademark)) and Universal MobileS in the form of Universal MobileS To do. The LTE physical layer (PHY) provides a highly efficient way to carry both data and control information between a base station such as an evolved Node B (eNB) and a mobile entity such as a UE. In conventional applications, the method for facilitating high bandwidth communication for multimedia has been single frequency network (SFN) operation. The SFN communicates with the subscriber UE using a radio transmitter such as eNB, for example. In unicast operation, each eNB is controlled to transmit a signal carrying information intended for one or more specific subscriber UEs. The uniqueness of unicast signaling allows person-to-person services such as voice calls, text messaging, or video calls.

[0006] In a broadcast operation, several eNBs in a broadcast area broadcast multiple signals in a synchronized manner and carry information that can be received and accessed by any subscriber UE in the broadcast area. The versatility of the broadcast operation allows greater efficiency in transmitting information of public interest, such as event-related multimedia broadcasts. As demand and system capabilities for event-related multimedia and other broadcast services have improved, system operators have become more interested in utilizing broadcast operations in 3GPP networks. Conventionally, 3GPP
LTE technology is primarily used for unicast services, and opportunities for improvement and enhancement related to broadcast signaling have been left behind. In this regard, there is still a need for 3GPP LTE technology that facilitates on-demand mobile broadcast services.

  [0007] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention shown in the drawings are summarized below. These and other embodiments are more fully described in the Detailed Description section. However, it should be understood that the invention is not intended to be limited to the forms described in this summary or the detailed description.

  [0008] According to one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, there is a content distribution method that can be performed by a network entity, such as, for example, a broadcast multicast service center (BM-SC) device. Provided. The method receives a request for content and performs at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area. Can be accompanied. The method may further involve providing at least one of the requested content or targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service. In a related aspect, an electronic device (eg, BM-SC or component thereof) may be configured to perform the method described above.

  [0009] According to one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, another content distribution method is provided that can be performed by a network entity. The method may involve determining the requested content and user information for each UE in a given coverage area. The method may further involve identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or user information. The method also includes a given resolution based on at least one of the requested content, user information, content provider policy, network provider policy, or media presentation description (MPD) definition capability and the given At the data delivery rate, it may involve providing targeted content via a request-based broadcast service. In a related aspect, an electronic device (eg, BM-SC or component thereof) may be configured to perform the method described above.

  [0010] To accomplish the above and related objectives, one or more embodiments include the features that are fully described below and particularly pointed out in the claims. The following description and the annexed drawings set forth in detail certain illustrative aspects of the one or more embodiments. However, these aspects are merely illustrative of the various ways in which the principles of the various embodiments may be used, and the described embodiments include all such aspects and their equivalents. Is intended.

1 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating an example of a telecommunications system. 1 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating an example of a downlink frame structure in a telecommunications system. FIG. 1 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating a design of a base station / eNB and a UE configured in accordance with one aspect of the present disclosure. FIG. FIG. 4 is a signaling frame illustrating an example of symbol assignment for unicast and multicast signals. The figure which shows the MBSFN area in a MBMS over a Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) service area. 1 is a block diagram illustrating components of a wireless communication system for providing or supporting MBSFN services. FIG. The figure which shows the aspect of exemplary BM-SC. 1 illustrates an embodiment of a method for managing a multicast service in a wireless communication system. FIG. The state diagram which shows the active state and inactive state of a multicast session. The figure which shows the example of P2200 architecture and its component. A call flow diagram for requests queued for unicast download delivery. Flow diagram of call for replacement by on-demand MBMS. FIG. 3 illustrates an example method that can be performed by a network entity (eg, BM-SC, etc.) for unicast content delivery. FIG. 3 illustrates an example method that can be performed by a network entity (eg, BM-SC, etc.) for unicast content delivery. FIG. 13 illustrates an embodiment of an apparatus for unicast content distribution according to the method of FIGS. 12A-12B. FIG. 3 illustrates an example method that may be performed by a network entity (eg, BM-SC, etc.) for on-demand broadcast content delivery. FIG. 3 illustrates an example method that may be performed by a network entity (eg, BM-SC, etc.) for on-demand broadcast content delivery. FIG. 15 illustrates an embodiment of an apparatus for on-demand broadcast content distribution according to the method of FIGS. 14A-14B. FIG. 3 illustrates a method that can be performed by a mobile entity (eg, a UE, etc.) for on-demand broadcast content delivery. FIG. 3 illustrates a method that can be performed by a mobile entity (eg, a UE, etc.) for on-demand broadcast content delivery. FIG. 17 illustrates an embodiment of an apparatus for on-demand broadcast content distribution according to the method of FIG.

  [0029] The detailed description set forth below with respect to the accompanying drawings is intended as a description of various configurations and is not intended to represent the only configurations in which the concepts described herein may be implemented. . The detailed description includes specific details for providing a thorough understanding of various concepts. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that these concepts may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known structures and components are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid obscuring such concepts.

  [0030] The techniques described herein may be used for various wireless communication networks such as CDMA, TDMA, FDMA, OFDMA, SC-FDMA, and other networks. The terms “network” and “system” are often used interchangeably. A CDMA network may implement a radio technology such as Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA), CDMA2000. UTRA includes wideband CDMA (WCDMA®) and other variants of CDMA. CDMA2000 includes the IS-2000 standard, the IS-95 standard, and the IS-856 standard. A TDMA network may implement a radio technology such as Global System for Mobile Communications ("GSM"). The OFDMA network includes Evolved UTRA (E-UTRA), Ultra Mobile Broadband (UMB), IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi (registered trademark)), IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX (registered trademark)), IEEE 802.20, Flash-OFDMA. Wireless technology such as can be implemented. UTRA and E-UTRA are part of the Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS). 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) and LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) are new releases of UMTS that use E-UTRA. UTRA, E-UTRA, UMTS, LTE, LTE-A, and GSM are described in documents from an organization named “3rd Generation Partnership Project” (3GPP). CDMA2000 and UMB are described in documents from an organization named “3rd Generation Partnership Project 2” (3GPP2). The techniques described herein may be used for the wireless networks and radio technologies mentioned above, as well as other wireless networks and radio technologies. For clarity, certain aspects of the techniques are described below for LTE, and LTE terminology is used in much of the description below.

  [0031] FIG. 1 shows a wireless communication network 100, which may be an LTE network. The wireless network 100 may include a number of eNBs 110 and other network entities. An eNB may be a station that communicates with the UE and may also be referred to as a base station, Node B, access point, or other terminology. Each eNB 110a, 110b, 110c may provide communication coverage for a particular geographic area. In 3GPP, the term “cell” may refer to an eNB's coverage area and / or an eNB subsystem serving this coverage area, depending on the context in which the term is used.

  [0032] An eNB may provide communication coverage for a macro cell, a pico cell, a femto cell, and / or other types of cell. A macrocell can cover a relatively large geographic area (eg, a few kilometers in radius) and may allow unrestricted access by UEs with service subscription. A pico cell may cover a relatively small geographic area and may allow unrestricted access by UEs with service subscription. A femtocell can cover a relatively small geographic area (eg, home) and has a UE associated with the femtocell (eg, a UE in a limited subscriber group (CSG), a UE for a user in the home, etc.) ) May allow limited access. An eNB for a macro cell may be referred to as a macro eNB. An eNB for a pico cell may be referred to as a pico eNB. An eNB for a femto cell may be referred to as a femto eNB or a home eNB (HeNB). In the example shown in FIG. 1, eNBs 110a, 110b, and 110c may be macro eNBs for macro cells 102a, 102b, and 102c, respectively. eNB 110x may be a pico eNB for pico cell 102x serving UE 120x. eNBs 110y and 110z may be femto eNBs for femto cells 102y and 102z, respectively.

  [0033] The wireless network 100 may also include a relay station 110r. A relay station receives a transmission of data and / or other information from an upstream station (eg, eNB or UE) and transmits a transmission of that data and / or other information to a downstream station (eg, UE or eNB) Station. A relay station may also be a UE that relays transmissions for other UEs. In the example shown in FIG. 1, relay station 110r may communicate with eNB 110a and UE 120r to facilitate communication between eNB 110a and UE 120r. A relay station may be called a relay eNB, a relay, or the like.

  [0034] The wireless network 100 may be a heterogeneous network including various types of eNBs, eg, macro eNB, pico eNB, femto eNB, relay, and the like. These different types of eNBs may have different effects on different transmission power levels, different coverage areas, and interference in the wireless network 100. For example, a macro eNB may have a high transmission power level (eg, 5-40 watts), while a pico eNB, femto eNB, and relay have a lower transmission power level (eg, 0.1-2 watts). Can have.

  [0035] The wireless network 100 may support synchronous or asynchronous operation. For synchronous operation, eNBs may have similar frame timing, and transmissions from different eNBs may be roughly aligned in time. For asynchronous operation, eNBs may have different frame timings, and transmissions from different eNBs may not be time aligned. The techniques described herein may be used for both synchronous and asynchronous operations.

  [0036] The network controller 130 may couple to a set of eNBs and coordinate and control these eNBs. Network controller 130 may communicate with eNB 110 via the backhaul. eNBs 110 may also communicate with each other directly or indirectly via, for example, a wireless backhaul or a wired backhaul.

  [0037] UEs 120 may be distributed throughout the wireless network 100, and each UE may be stationary or mobile. A UE may also be referred to as a terminal, mobile station, subscriber unit, station, etc. The UE may be a cellular phone, personal digital assistant (PDA), wireless modem, wireless communication device, handheld device, laptop computer, cordless phone, wireless local loop (WLL) station, or other mobile entity. A UE may be able to communicate with macro eNBs, pico eNBs, femto eNBs, relays, or other network entities. In FIG. 1, a solid line with double arrows indicates the desired transmission between the UE and the serving eNB that is the eNB designated to serve the UE on the downlink and / or uplink. . The dashed line with double arrows indicates interfering transmissions between the UE and the eNB.

  [0038] LTE utilizes orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) on the downlink and single carrier frequency division multiplexing (SC-FDM) on the uplink. OFDM and SC-FDM divide the system bandwidth into multiple (K) orthogonal subcarriers, also commonly referred to as tones, bins, etc. Each subcarrier may be modulated with data. In general, modulation symbols are sent in the frequency domain with OFDM and in the time domain with SC-FDM. The spacing between adjacent subcarriers may be fixed, and the total number of subcarriers (K) may depend on the system bandwidth. For example, K may be equal to 128, 256, 512, 1024 or 2048 for a system bandwidth of 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 or 20 megahertz (MHz), respectively. The system bandwidth can also be partitioned into subbands. For example, the subbands can cover 1.08 MHz and have 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16 for system bandwidths of 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 MHz, respectively. There may be subbands.

  [0039] FIG. 2 shows a downlink frame structure used in LTE. The downlink transmission timeline may be divided into radio frame units. Each radio frame may have a predetermined duration (eg, 10 milliseconds (ms)) and may be partitioned into 10 subframes with indices 0-9. Each subframe may include two slots. Thus, each radio frame may include 20 slots with indexes 0-19. Each slot includes L symbol periods, eg, 7 symbol periods for a normal cyclic prefix (CP) as shown in FIG. 2, or 6 symbol periods for an extended cyclic prefix. obtain. Normal CP and extended CP may be referred to herein as different CP types. An index of 0-2L-1 may be assigned to 2L symbol periods in each subframe. Available time frequency resources may be partitioned into resource blocks. Each resource block may cover N subcarriers (eg, 12 subcarriers) in one slot.

  [0040] In LTE, an eNB may transmit a primary synchronization signal (PSS) and a secondary synchronization signal (SSS) for each cell in the eNB. The primary synchronization signal and the secondary synchronization signal are transmitted in symbol periods 6 and 5 in each of subframes 0 and 5 of each radio frame having a normal cyclic prefix, respectively, as shown in FIG. Can be done. The synchronization signal may be used by the UE for cell detection and acquisition. The eNB may send a physical broadcast channel (PBCH) that may carry some system information.

  [0041] Although the eNB is shown in the entire first symbol period of FIG. 2, only within a portion of the first symbol period of each subframe is a physical control format indicator channel (PCFICH). Can be sent. PCFICH may carry several (M) symbol periods used for the control channel, where M may be equal to 1, 2 or 3, and may vary from subframe to subframe . M may also be equal to 4, for example, for a small system bandwidth with less than 10 resource blocks. In the example shown in FIG. 2, M = 3. The eNB may transmit a physical HARQ indicator channel (PHICH) and a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) in the first M symbol periods of each subframe (M = 3 in FIG. 2). The PHICH may carry information to support hybrid automatic retransmission (HARQ). The PDCCH may carry information on resource allocation for the UE and control information for the downlink channel. Although not shown in the first symbol period of FIG. 2, it should be understood that PDCCH and PHICH are also included in the first symbol period. Similarly, PHICH and PDCCH are also in both the second and third symbol periods, but are not shown as such in FIG. The eNB may transmit a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) during the remaining symbol periods of each subframe. The PDSCH may carry data for UEs scheduled for data transmission on the downlink. Various signals and channels in LTE are described in the published 3GPP TS 36.211 entitled "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation".

  [0042] The eNB may transmit the PSS, SSS, and PBCH at the system bandwidth center of 1.08 MHz used by the eNB. The eNB may transmit PCFICH and PHICH over the entire system bandwidth during each symbol period during which these channels are transmitted. An eNB may send a PDCCH to a group of UEs in some part of the system bandwidth. An eNB may send a PDSCH to a specific UE in a specific part of the system bandwidth. The eNB transmits PSS, SSS, PBCH, PCFICH, and PHICH to all UEs in a broadcast system, transmits a PDCCH to a specific UE in a unicast system, and also transmits a unicast system to a specific UE. The PDSCH can be transmitted.

  [0043] Several resource elements may be available in each symbol period. Each resource element may cover one subcarrier in one symbol period and may be used to transmit one modulation symbol that may be real or complex valued. Resource elements that are not used for the reference signal in each symbol period may be placed in a resource element group (REG). Each REG may include four resource elements in one symbol period. The PCFICH may occupy four REGs that may be approximately equally spaced in frequency in symbol period 0. The PHICH may occupy three REGs that may be spread over frequency in one or more configurable symbol periods. For example, all three REGs for PHICH may belong during symbol period 0 or may be distributed during symbol periods 0, 1 and 2. The PDCCH may occupy 9, 18, 32, or 64 REGs that may be selected from the available REGs in the first M symbol periods. Only some combinations of REGs may be enabled for PDCCH.

  [0044] The UE may know the specific REG used for PHICH and PCFICH. The UE may search for various combinations of REGs for PDCCH. The number of combinations to search is usually less than the number of combinations enabled for PDCCH. The eNB may send a PDCCH to the UE in any of the combinations that the UE will search.

  [0045] A UE may be within the coverage of multiple eNBs. One of these eNBs may be selected to serve the UE. The serving eNB may be selected based on various criteria such as received power, path loss, signal to noise ratio (SNR), and so on.

  [0046] FIG. 3 shows a block diagram of a design of a base station / eNB 110 and UE 120, which may be one of the base stations / eNBs and one of the UEs of FIG. In a restricted connection situation, the base station 110 may be the macro eNB 110c of FIG. 1 and the UE 120 may be the UE 120y. Base station 110 may also be some other type of base station. The base station 110 may include antennas 334a to 334t, and the UE 120 may include antennas 352a to 352r.

  [0047] At base station 110, transmit processor 320 may receive data from data source 312 and receive control information from controller / processor 340. The control information may be for PBCH, PCFICH, PHICH, PDCCH, etc. The data may be for PDSCH and the like. The processor 320 can process (eg, encode and symbol map) the data and control information to obtain data symbols and control symbols, respectively. The processor 320 may also generate reference symbols for PSS, SSS, and cell specific reference signals, for example. A transmit (TX) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) processor 330 may perform spatial processing (eg, precoding) on data symbols, control symbols, and / or reference symbols, if applicable, and output The symbol stream can be provided to modulators (MODs) 332a-332t. Each modulator 332 may process a respective output symbol stream (eg, for OFDM) to obtain an output sample stream. Each modulator 332 may further process (eg, convert to analog, amplify, filter, and upconvert) the output sample stream to obtain a downlink signal. Downlink signals from modulators 332a through 332t may be transmitted via antennas 334a through 334t, respectively.

  [0048] At UE 120, antennas 352a-352r may receive downlink signals from base station 110 and may provide received signals to demodulators (DEMODs) 354a-354r, respectively. Each demodulator 354 may adjust (eg, filter, amplify, downconvert, and digitize) a respective received signal to obtain input samples. Each demodulator 354 may further process input samples (eg, for example, OFDM) to obtain received symbols. MIMO detector 356 can obtain received symbols from all demodulators 354a-354r, perform MIMO detection on the received symbols, if possible, and provide detected symbols. Receive processor 358 processes (eg, demodulates, deinterleaves, and decodes) the detected symbols, provides UE 120 decoded data to data sink 360, and provides decoded control information to controller / processor 380. Can do. In related aspects, the UE 120 may include a broadcast receiver 390 for receiving targeted content, such as via an on-demand mobile broadcast service, as described in further detail below.

  [0049] On the uplink, at UE 120, transmit processor 364 may receive and process data (eg, for PUSCH) from data source 362 and from controller / processor 380 (eg, for PUCCH). ) Control information can be received and processed. The processor 364 may also generate a reference symbol for the reference signal. Symbols from transmit processor 364 may be precoded by TX MIMO processor 366, where applicable, and further processed by modulators 354a-354r (eg, for SC-FDM, etc.) and transmitted to base station 110. . At base station 110, the uplink signal from UE 120 is received by antenna 334, processed by demodulator 332, detected by MIMO detector 336 if possible, and further processed by receive processor 338 for transmission by UE 120. The decoded data and the control information can be acquired. The processor 338 can provide the decoded data to the data sink 339 and the decoded control information to the controller / processor 340.

  [0050] Controllers / processors 340 and 380 may direct the operation at base station 110 and UE 120, respectively. Processor 340 and / or other processors and modules at base station 110 may perform or direct the execution of various processes for the techniques described herein. Processor 380 and / or other processors and modules at UE 120 may perform or perform the functional blocks illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 and / or other processing of the techniques described herein. Can also be instructed. Memories 342 and 382 may store data and program codes for base station 110 and UE 120, respectively. A scheduler 344 may schedule UEs for data transmission on the downlink and / or uplink.

  [0051] eMBMS and Unicast Signaling in Single Frequency Networks: One mechanism for facilitating high bandwidth communication for multimedia has been single frequency network (SFN) operation. Specifically, multimedia broadcast multicast services, also known as evolved MBMS (eMBMS) (including, for example, what has recently become known as Multimedia Broadcast Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) in the LTE field) MBMS for (MBMS) and LTE can utilize such SFN operation. The SFN communicates with the subscriber UE using a radio transmitter such as eNB, for example. Since groups of eNBs can transmit information in a synchronized manner, the signals reinforce each other rather than interfering with each other. In the eMBMS situation, shared content is transmitted from multiple eNBs of the LTE network to multiple UEs. Thus, within a given eMBMS area, a UE can receive eMBMS signals from any eNB (or eNB) within radio range. However, to decode the eMBMS signal, each UE receives multicast control channel (MCCH) information from the serving eNB over the non-eMBMS channel. MCCH information changes with time, and notification of the change is provided through another non-eMBMS channel, PDCCH. Thus, to decode an eMBMS signal in a particular eMBMS area or MBSFN area, each UE is given an MCCH signal and a PDCCH signal by one of the eNBs in the area.

  [0052] According to an aspect of the disclosed subject matter, a wireless network (eg, a 3GPP network) having functionality related to single carrier optimization for eMBMS is provided. eMBMS provides an efficient method for transmitting shared content from an LTE network to multiple mobile devices such as UEs.

  [0053] With respect to the physical layer (PHY) of eMBMS for LTE frequency division duplex (FDD), the channel structure separates eMBMS and unicast transmissions on a mixed carrier, time division multiplexing (TDM). Resources may be provided, which allow for flexible and dynamic spectrum usage. Currently, a subset (up to 60%) of subframes, known as Multimedia Broadcast Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) subframes, may be reserved for eMBMS transmissions. Thus, current eMBMS designs may allow 6 out of 10 subframes for eMBMS.

  [0054] An example of subframe allocation for eMBMS is shown in FIG. 4, which shows the existing allocation of MBSFN reference signals to MBSFN subframes for the single carrier case. The components shown in FIG. 4 correspond to the components shown in FIG. 2, which shows the individual subcarriers in each slot and resource block (RB). In 3GPP LTE, the RB spans 12 subcarriers over a 0.5 ms slot period, with each subcarrier having a bandwidth of 15 kHz and a total of 180 kHz per RB. Subframes may be allocated for unicast or eMBMS, for example, in a sequence of subframes labeled 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Subframes 0, 4, 5, and 9 may be excluded from eMBMS in FDD. Also, subframes 0, 1, 5, and 6 may be excluded from eMBMS in time division duplex (TDD). More specifically, subframes 0, 4, 5, and 9 may be used for PSS / SSS / PBCH / Paging / System Information Block (SIB) and unicast services. The remaining subframes in the column, eg, subframes 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, and 8, may be configured as eMBMS subframes.

  [0055] Continuing with reference to FIG. 4, within each eMBMS subframe, the first one or two symbols may be used for unicast reference symbols (RS) and control signaling. If the CP lengths are different, a transmission gap may occur between the first one or two symbols and the eMBMS symbol. In a related aspect, the overall eMBMS bandwidth utilization is 42.5% considering RS overhead (eg, 6 eMBMS subframes and 2 control symbols in each eMBMS subframe). obtain. Known techniques for providing MBSFN RSs and unicast RSs typically allocate MBSFN RSs in MBSFN subframes (as shown in FIG. 4) and allocate unicast RSs separately in non-MBSFN subframes. Accompany. More specifically, as FIG. 4 shows, the extended CP of the MBSFN subframe includes the MBSFN RS but does not include the unicast RS. The present technology is not limited to the particular frame allocation scheme illustrated by FIGS. 2 and 4 presented by way of example and not limitation. Multicast sessions or broadcasts as used herein can use any suitable frame allocation scheme.

  [0056] eMBMS Service Area: FIG. 5 shows a system 500 that includes an MBMS service area 502 that includes multiple MBSFN areas 504, 506, and 508, which themselves include multiple cells or base stations 510. . As used herein, “MBMS service area” refers to a group of wireless transmission cells in which an MBMS service is available. For example, certain sports programs or other programs may be broadcast by base stations within an MBMS service area at certain times. The area where a specific program is broadcast defines the MBMS service area. The MBMS service area may be composed of one or more “MBSFN areas” as shown at 504, 506 and 508. As used herein, an MBSFN area refers to a group of cells (eg, cell 510) that are currently broadcasting a particular program that is a synchronized scheme using the MBSFN protocol. “MBSFN Sync Area” is interconnected and configured in such a manner that it operates in a synchronized manner and can broadcast a specific program using the MBSFN protocol regardless of whether it is currently doing so. Points to a group of marked cells. It is worth noting that the MBMS service area 502 may include one or more MBSFN synchronization areas (not shown). Conversely, the MBSFN synchronization area may include one or more MBSFN areas or MBMS service areas. In general, an MBSFN area is composed of all or part of a single MBSFN synchronization area and is located within a single MBMS service area. Overlap of various MBSFN areas is supported, and a single eNB may belong to several different MBSFN areas. For example, up to 8 independent MCCHs may be configured in the system information block (SIB) 13 to support membership in different MBSFN areas. An MBSFN area spare cell or base station is a cell / base station in the MBSFN area that does not contribute to MBSFN transmission, eg, a cell near the boundary of the MBSFN synchronization area, or a cell that is not required for MBSFN transmission due to its location .

  [0057] eMBMS System Components and Functions: FIG. 6A shows functional entities of a wireless communication system 600 for providing or supporting MBSFN services. With regard to quality of service (QoS), system 600 may use a Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) type MBMS bearer, with a maximum bit rate (MBR) equal to GBR. These components are shown and described by way of example and do not limit the inventive concept described herein, which is an inventor of other architectures and functions for distributing and controlling multicast transmissions. Can be employed for deployment.

  [0058] System 600 may include an MBMS gateway (MBMS GW) 616. The MBMS GW 616 controls the Internet Protocol (IP) multicast distribution of MBMS user plane data to the eNodeB 604 via the M1 interface, and one eNB 604 is shown among many possible eNBs. In addition, the MBMS GW controls the IP multicast distribution of MBMS user plane data to the UTRAN radio network controller (RNC) 620 via the M1 interface, where one UTRAN RNC 620 of many possible RNCs indicates. Has been. The M1 interface is associated with MBMS data (user plane) and uses IP for data packet delivery. The eNB 604 may provide MBMS content to the UE / mobile entity 602 via the E-UTRAN Uu interface. The RNC 620 may provide MBMS content to the UE mobile entity 622 via the Uu interface. The MBMS GW 616 may further perform MBMS session control signaling, eg, MBMS session start and session stop, via the mobility management entity (MME) 608 and the Sm interface. The MBMS GW 616 further provides an interface for the entity using the MBMS bearer through the SG-mb (user plane) reference point and uses the MBMS bearer through the SGi-mb (control plane) reference point to An interface can be provided. The SG-mb interface carries MBMS bearer service specific signaling. The SGi-mb interface is a user plane interface for MBMS data distribution. MBMS data distribution may be performed by IP unicast transmission, which may be the default mode, or by IP multicasting. The MBMS GW 616 may provide a control plane function for MBMS through UTRAN via the Serving General Packet Radio Service Support Node (SGSN) 618 and the Sn / Iu interface.

  [0059] The system 600 may further include a multicast coordination entity (MCE) 606. The MCE 606 may perform admission control functions for MBMS content and may allocate time and frequency radio resources used by all eNBs in the MBSFN area for multi-cell MBMS transmission using MBSFN operation. The MCE 606 can determine a radio configuration for the MBSFN area, such as a modulation and coding scheme, for example. The MCE 606 can manage multiplexing of eMBMS services by scheduling and controlling user plane transmissions of MBMS content to determine which services should be multiplexed on the multicast channel (MCH). The MCE 606 can participate in MBMS session control signaling with the MME 608 through the M3 interface, and can provide the control plane interface M2 to the eNB 604.

  [0060] The system 600 may further include a broadcast multicast service center (BM-SC) 612 in communication with the content provider server 614. BM-SC 612 may be a network entity that handles the ingestion of multicast content from one or more sources, such as content provider 614, and provides other higher level management functions, as described below. . These functions may include membership functions including, for example, authentication and initiation of MBMS services for identified UEs. The BM-SC 612 may further perform MBMS session and transmission functions, live broadcast scheduling, and distribution including MBMS and related distribution functions. The BM-SC 612 can further provide service notifications and descriptions, such as notification of content available for multicast.

  [0061] Referring to FIG. 6B, an exemplary BM-SC 612 is shown. The BM-SC 612 may include a PDW GW interface 650, an MBMS GW interface 652, and a content provider interface 654, each operably coupled to the controller 670. The BM-SC 612 may include a membership processor module 660, an MBMS session / transmission processor module 662, and a service announcement processor module 664, each operably coupled to the controller 670. The BM-SC 612 may include a memory 672 that is operably coupled to the controller 670. In related aspects, one or more of membership processor module 660, MBMS session / send processor module 662, service announcement processor module 664, or controller 670 may be located on a given processor. In a further related aspect, one or more of membership processor module 660, MBMS session / transmission processor module 662, service announcement processor module 664, or controller 670 resides in an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) or the like. It may be a separate processor.

  [0062] Referring back to FIG. 6A, a separate packet data protocol (PDP) situation may be used to carry control messages between the UE and the BM-SC 612. The BM-SC 612 further provides security functions such as key management, manages content provider charging according to parameters such as data volume and QoS, and content synchronization for MBMS in UTRAN and in E-UTRAN in broadcast mode And header compression for MBSFN data may be performed in UTRAN. The BM-SC 612 can indicate to the MBMS-GW 616 the start, update, and stop of the session, including session attributes such as QoS and MBMS service area.

  [0063] A multicast management entity (MME) 608 may communicate with the MCE 606 and the MBMS-GW 608. The MME 608 may provide a control plane function for MBMS through E-UTRAN. In addition, the MME may provide multicast related information defined by the MBMS-GW 616 to the eNB 604 and / or the UTRAN RNC 620. The Sm interface between MME 608 and MBMS-GW 616 may be used to carry MBMS control signaling, eg, session start and session stop signals.

  [0064] The system 600 may further include a packet data network (PDN) gateway (GW) 610, which may be abbreviated as P-GW. The P-GW 610 may provide an Evolved Packet System (EPS) bearer between the UE 602 and the BM-SC 612 for signaling and / or user data. Therefore, the P-GW can receive a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) based on a request originating from the UE associated with the IP address assigned to the UE. The BM-SC 612 may also be linked to one or more content providers via the P-GW 610, and the P-GW 610 can communicate with the BM-SC 612 via an IP interface.

  [0065] System 600 may be used to transmit an eMBMS or other multicast session in an MBMS area. As shown in FIG. 7, a method 700 for handling MBMS sessions may include an initial operation 702 for announcing or notifying the availability of scheduled services. For example, by using the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) Mobile Broadcast Services Enabler Suite (BCAST) service guide, an MBMS broadcast of a sporting event may be notified in a defined area to start at a certain date and time. . To obtain a service availability notification, a user can subscribe to a message service, download a program guide or program list, or perform some other action. Alternatively, the notification may be pushed to the mobile entity without requiring any action from the user. Service announcements may include, for example, service identifiers, service area identifiers, schedules, applicable IP multicast addresses, and other information.

  [0066] At 704, the system may initiate a broadcast by initiating a broadcast transmission at the announced date and time within a defined broadcast area. For example, the BM-SC can initiate an MBMS broadcast using a session initiation procedure to establish an MBMS radio bearer.

  [0067] At 706, the system can provide notification of an ongoing or upcoming MBMS service to the mobile entity, eg, using an MCCH change notification sent to the mobile entity. At 708, the system uses the established MBMS radio bearer to forward the MBMS content of the notified service to the mobile entity. At 710, when the eMBMS broadcast is complete, the system stops the broadcast session and releases the associated radio bearer.

  [0068] An MBMS bearer context may be created at the MME, MBMS GW, SGN, and other elements of the radio access network (RAN) when an MBMS session is initiated. FIG. 8 shows a state cycle 800 of an active session state 820 and a standby state 810 for the MBMS bearer context. While in the standby state 810, the BM-SC may initiate a session and enter the active session state 820, at which time bearer location resources may be required. While in the active session state 820, the BM-SC can suspend the session and return to the standby state 810, at which time no bearer location resources are required. The MBMS bearer context itself may include a control plane MBMS GW Tunnel Endpoint ID (TEID-C) and a Temporary Mobile Group Identity (TMGI). A unique TMGI for each MBMS bearer service may be allocated by the BM-SC and used for MBMS notification purposes.

  [0069] On-demand mobile broadcast services: Traditional unicast content delivery may not be sufficient to meet user demand in a given area of high demand. Thus, on-demand broadcast replacement of queue-based unicast content downloads using improved unicast content delivery, as well as location, profiling, and / or prediction, for content in a given region Can be beneficial to meet high demand. Over-the-top (OTT) download delivery of content such as User-Generated Content (UGC) video clips, TV catch-up episodes, and movies to mobile devices through a cellular network can be utilized. In some of these systems, end user requests for content are queued at the mobile device for receipt of deferred downloads through the unicast cellular network. In these systems, a device may receive content that is deemed appropriate for future use based on, for example, knowledge of the user's usage history / behavior, some explicit user preference in the user profile, or device capabilities. It may be possible to additionally receive. Enable on-demand broadcast delivery of content that is located in close proximity to each other if they request the same content or can share a common interest when receiving some other content It can be advantageous. Doing so enables a new, eg, on-demand based service model for broadcast multicast content delivery while reducing the unicast traffic load to service those users.

  [0070] According to one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, a mobile / cellular broadcast / download delivery system is provided. In a related aspect, a given number of users may be located somewhat close to each other, may be requesting the same content / program for delivery to their UE, You may have a similar interest in the type of content being played. In a further related aspect, in addition to providing the requested content item, the system stores additional content that is likely to be of interest to the UE for future use. Can be delivered for. In yet a further related aspect, there is a mobile broadcast system deployed by a mobile network operator in the same region where the user is located, the mobile broadcast system being capable of supporting the establishment of content transmission on demand. And capacity.

  [0071] Without on-demand mobile broadcast delivery, multiple unicast download delivery sessions may cause an increase in traffic load in the cellular network for the common area where the requesting user resides. The result of such network operation for the end user may be limited throughput, so that the requested content cannot be delivered at the desired (eg, high) resolution or limited available for reception. Either the whole cannot be delivered in the time window. Alternatively, additional predicted content or recommended content may not be delivered with the requested content. Furthermore, network congestion can affect the communication capabilities of other nearby cellular subscribers.

  [0072] On the other hand, the availability of on-demand mobile broadcast service operations in a common geographic region may provide a method for effectively offloading cellular unicast network traffic. In addition, dynamic broadcast service operation allows for more complete utilization of network reserve capacity. If the network determines that there is an appropriate reduction in location and / or user interest match between multiple content requests, the broadcast mode of operation may stop.

  [0073] One example of a mobile cellular based download delivery system is defined by IEEE P2200, also referred to herein as P2200. Content requests by local applications may be queued at the download delivery client on the UE. For example, at P2200, content requests by local applications may be queued at the UE's P2200 client entity. Both unicast and broadcast distribution of the requested content is possible at P2200. Referring to FIG. 9, an exemplary P2200 architecture is shown. Note that the solid box in FIG. 9 corresponds to a P2200 component having features defined in the P2200 standard. The dotted box in FIG. 9 corresponds to an external component having features not defined in the P2200 standard.

  [0074] Referring to architecture 900 of FIG. 9, in a nominal operation, a queue request for specific content (eg, identified by a Content-URI) is issued by local application 912 and download delivery client 914 (eg, , P2200 client). Download distribution client 914 may include a policy client module 920, a queue manager 922, and an intermediate device manager 924. Download delivery client 914 can obtain information on any available content provider policy, network provider policy, and / or application policy to control the execution of the download of the request. For example, the download delivery client 914 may receive such policy information (directly and / or via the network policy client 916) from one or more of the content server 930, content policy server 932, network policy server 934, intermediate device 936, etc. Can get) Network policy client 916 may be in operative communication with policy client 920 of download distribution client 914 and may obtain a network policy (directly or indirectly) from network policy server 934.

  [0075] Upon satisfying the policy request, the download delivery client 914 can then perform the download via the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the acquired content item is stored on the local device for future playback by the application. It can be stored in a storage device 918 (eg, a virtual or physical storage device). The downloaded content may be reached via HTTP or File Delivery over Unidirectional Transport (FLUTE) stack and / or part of HTTP streaming client 940. The queue manager 922 handles queue requests for downloading content as opposed to requests for retrieving content from a storage device for playback.

  [0076] Nominal unicast download delivery of content in P2200 is shown in FIG. 10, which shows the architecture and call flow for normal queuing requests for content, where the P2200 client Predict that it will be delivered over a unicast network. This is because there is no broadcast distribution service and associated distribution schedule that shows broadcast as an alternative distribution mode. If it is determined that the requested content is available for scheduled delivery over a broadcast network (eg, a cellular MBMS network), the download delivery client 914 may instead receive its broadcast download via You can decide to acquire content. In a related aspect, such broadcast delivery capabilities and associated procedures are predictive downloads of content items, i.e., predictions such as past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, etc. Allows for predictive download of content that is likely to be of interest to the user for future use (based on statistical analysis).

  [0077] Continuing with the example of FIG. 10, a local application + player 912 is shown, which is a local application group along with a media player. Note that the local application that generates the initial queue request for content may be separate from the media player used to play the downloaded / cached content. The local application + player 912 can send a queue request for the given content to the download delivery client 914, which can then obtain the content policy, such as from the content policy server 932. The download distribution client 914 can acquire a network policy from the network policy client 916 or the like. The download delivery client 914 can then perform a download of the given content (eg, identified by a Content-URI, etc.) by communicating with the HTTP client 950. The HTTP client 950 can communicate with the content server 930 to perform a given requested content download from the content server 930. Download distribution client 914 can store downloaded content in storage device 918 (eg, flash non-volatile memory). The application + player 912 can send a request for playback to the download delivery client 914, which can then read and retrieve the stored content from the storage device 918. Download delivery client 914 can then deliver the stored content to application + player 912. In application + player 912, a forward error correction (FEC) decoder can be used for the delivered content for random access playback. For example, stored content may be retrieved from flash memory and FEC decoded on the fly for trick mode based playback (eg, fast forward, rewind, etc.).

  [0078] In a further related aspect, a scene is described where the following three conditions are met in the context of P2200. Referring to FIG. 11, the first condition is that the queue request (from application + player 912 to download delivery client 914) is on the content item being searched (eg, as identified by Content-URI, etc.). In addition, the location information and / or profile ID (Profile-ID) of the UE may be included. The location information may correspond to the current location of the UE (eg, determined by cell ID, GPS latitude / longitude coordinates, etc.). The profile ID may be an alias associated with the end user and used by the UE to identify the user in the selection and delivery of content items that the user may be interested in for future use. In order to do this, the profile ID is acquired in advance from the content server / BM-SC 930 ′. If the download delivery client 914 finds that the queue request includes location information and / or profile ID, the download delivery client 914 sends to the content server / BM-SC 930 ′ (eg, HTTP POST or The request can be sent immediately along with location information and profile ID (via a PUT operation). The second condition is a certain number of thresholds from users whose content servers / BM-SCs 930 ′ may include or have connections to MBMS BM-SC and are reasonably close to each other (This threshold may be configurable and may be controlled by the content / service provider). Such proximity may be defined as the coverage area of multiple eNBs including MBSFN. A third condition may be that the mobile operator's MBMS network can be enabled on demand. In other words, the MBMS network may be able to dynamically schedule and broadcast content as needed. Note that with respect to the content server / BM-SC 930 ', the content server may be connected to the BM-SC or at a location with the BM-SC. For example, the decision to initiate an MBMS operation may be made at the content server / BM-SC 930 ', a stand-alone BM-SC, or a stand-alone content server. Note also that the content server / BM-SC 930 ′ may be in operative communication with the HTTP client 950 and / or FLUTE client 952, each of which may be in operative communication with the download delivery client 914. I want to be.

  [0079] Continuing with reference to FIG. 11, the MBMS network may be enabled and one or more content items as commonly requested by P2200 users are scheduled for broadcast download delivery. obtain. In addition to the delivery of their explicitly requested content, if the profile ID submitted to the content server 930 ′ shows similar interest among those users, the recommended content is also scheduled for broadcast transmission. Can be included. For example, content delivered through MBMS may include both programs commonly requested by multiple users and recommended content that conforms to the associated user profile. In addition to media content that is expected to meet the user's interest, such supplemental content delivered to the user is also considered appropriate based on the user's interest, location, etc., or a combination of such factors Advertisements. Such a replacement of a unicast queued download with an on-demand broadcast is beneficial. For example, advantages include (i) eliminating the possibility of unicast network congestion due to users simultaneously requesting the same content from the same proximity area, and (ii) content quality based on available throughput (eg, , Resolution) and (iii) presenting a new on-demand based usage model for MBMS services.

  [0080] In accordance with aspects of the embodiments described herein, two other possible improvements to unicast download delivery of content in the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (DASH) format are described below. The first improvement relates to policy-driven content download where time-based download policies can be effective. For example, a mobile network operator may restrict the execution of content downloads over a 3G / 4G unicast network to occur in a specified time period. During periods of off-peak traffic (eg, midnight), unpredictable networks that normally perform deferred downloads, such as those implemented according to the IEEE P2200 standard, but still significantly reduce download data rates A throughput situation can arise. In such a situation, the user can choose to define a local usage policy that overrides the nominal content policy.

  [0081] For example, under normal conditions, the desired resolution of the video content requires retrieving a representation that its bandwidth is defined as 500 kbps. For example, assume that the first half of this content is acquired at this rate or higher, but then the average available download bandwidth rate has dropped to 220 kbps. At this download speed, the download time hinders acquiring the rest of the content that cannot be acquired within the time window for displaying the content. In anticipation of such an event, the user can pre-select to allow the DASH client to switch to a lower rate representation, for example corresponding to a required bandwidth of 200 kbps. In other words, the user may be willing to compromise (partially) at a lower resolution in order to receive the complete content as opposed to receiving the content incompletely at a higher resolution. In this case, using P2200 as an example, the queue request may include an alternative bandwidth parameter, such as REQPROP-ALTERNIVEBANDWIDTH. This field may define an alternative minimum data rate for content download that the user is willing to accept. To enable such representation switching, a download delivery client (eg, a P2200 client) can access a connection manager entity in the client device.

  [0082] For example, the connection manager may publish an API to allow a download delivery client to determine the instantaneous and / or average bandwidth available in a unicast cellular network. Based on the knowledge of available network bandwidth and the remaining download time window, the download delivery client determines, via internal calculations, which representation to choose and accordingly the best to be acquired Possible resolutions can be raised or lowered over time, and overall, best effort content reception can be facilitated. In other words, depending on the value of REQPROP-ALTERNIVEBANDWIDTH, the available network bandwidth can be downloaded within the available reception time window, as determined by the network policy and / or content policy. It may be insufficient to make it. In addition, the connection manager may be able to inform the download delivery client of available bandwidth in multiple access technologies available simultaneously to client devices, such as WiFi and cellular. Assuming there are no conflicts in network policies that can describe the access technologies that should / should not be used, the download delivery client is different in order to maximize the overall download speed and optimize the overall quality of service. It can be configured to switch to an access technology.

  [0083] In the same manner, if the download delivery client determines that a data rate higher than the requested or initially initiated data rate is available, the download delivery client also increases the download data rate. Correspondingly, a higher quality representation can be obtained for some playback time. The upper download speed limit, if present, may be constrained by policy rules such as RULE_BANDWIDTH_LIMIT set by the network provider.

  [0084] With respect to the above procedure, download delivery clients (eg, P2200 clients) are defined not only in information in the media presentation description (MPD) for bandwidth selection, for example, as defined in ISO / IEC 2309-1. Information available in the segment index of the representation, such as provided in ISO BMFF (ISO Base Media File Format) based on such a DASH on-demand profile, may also be chosen to use. Such a segment index provides an accurate time-byte range association and allows better scheduling of downloads as more detailed information becomes available. The download delivery client may, for example, decide to first download the higher bit rate portion of the representation and then download the lower bit rate portion of the representation.

  [0085] In another situation, content may be provided such that individual media components (eg, video, audio, subtitles, etc.) are individually accessible. In addition, each of the media components may be available in a different role. Exemplary roles include audio languages (eg, available in English, French, or German), 2D versions, or 3D versions of video with stereoscopic formats, audio as original or dubbed versions , Subtitles (eg, Chinese or Japanese), different content protection schemes, support for accessibility rating constraints, and the like.

  [0086] The download distribution client can download only certain media types, for example, the download distribution client cannot download subtitles and can only download audio and video. The download delivery client can also download exactly one role for each media type, for example, only English audio tracks based on user preferences for 2D video. The download delivery client can also download different roles for each media type, for example, expecting a user who wants to view the content, sometimes in the original English and sometimes in a dubbed German version. The download delivery client can also download different amounts for the same media type but different rolls, for example, download high quality English audio tracks and low quality German audio tracks can do.

  [0087] In general, the download delivery client uses MPD, user preferences, device capabilities, and other environmental information to differentiate between different adaptation sets and such external information within each adaptation set. And one or several representations based on available bandwidth and allowed download time.

  [0088] In a related aspect, a second improvement relates to modifying the DASH MPD to inform the source of the content for retrieval and playback once the content is downloaded and cached at the UE. The UE can do so in several ways, including the two approaches described herein. In the first approach, the UE can rewrite the original MPD so that the new MPD is made available to local DASH clients and media players. This new MPD represents a representation available on the UE for local retrieval and playback. An MPD may represent one or more representations belonging to a single adaptation set or multiple adaptation sets, and the composition of the adaptation set does not change over the duration of the media presentation. Alternatively, the available representations can change over time at the duration level of the media presentation. For example, as described below, due to variations in network throughput, different representations can be retrieved from a network-based DASH server over time.

  [0089] In a second approach, the MPD to be modified includes an original MPD corresponding to content accessible from the DASH server over the network, and a new MPD entry representing the content / representation cached on the user device. Can be included. The original MPD entry and the new MPD entry are appropriately labeled so that the local DASH client can select the appropriate representation without ambiguity. The MPD attribute “serviceLocation” or the like may be used to identify locally accessible content. For example, the string value of this attribute may be set to “localhost” to indicate that the content represented by this MPD is stored locally at the UE. The advantage of keeping the original MPD in the modified MPD is to allow additional access to such resources when resources on the network become available.

  [0090] For example, if a user chooses to play locally stored content on a media player, the user may receive the participation of friends who speak different languages. In this situation, it would be desirable to have different subtitle tracks of the content acquired so that both people can consume the content together. Another advantage of maintaining separate MPD entries corresponding to network-based content and locally stored content may be to support content provider playback policies. For example, a content provider in a movie studio may require a certain order of content playback, and may require that a movie trailer, commercial advertisement, and notice of terms of use be always played before the movie. Yes, after that, it may allow random access / trick mode under user control. In addition, at the end of the movie, the content provider may require that some epilogue video or text be displayed before the end of the overall viewing. Some of these required media components for rendering may not be pre-downloaded and stored locally, and in some cases before content rendering can begin to meet such content provider policies Should be additionally retrieved with high priority (eg, REQPROP-IMMEDIATE etc. is set in the P2200 queue request to signal an urgent download request). In a related aspect, specific signaling may be implemented to provide information regarding the segment, subsegment, or time for which the representation is available at a given service location.

  [0091] Methods that may be implemented in accordance with the disclosed subject matter may be better understood with reference to various flowcharts. For ease of explanation, the method is shown and described as a series of actions / acts. However, because some operations may be performed in a different order and / or substantially simultaneously with other operations than those illustrated and described herein, claimed subject matter is the number of operations or It is not limited by the order. Moreover, not all illustrated acts may be required to implement a methodology described herein. It should be understood that the functionality associated with operation may be implemented by software, hardware, a combination thereof or any other preferred means (eg, device, system, process, or component). Further, the methods disclosed throughout this specification may be stored as encoded instructions and / or data on an article of manufacture that facilitates transferring and transferring such methods to various devices. Please further understand that this is possible. Those skilled in the art will understand and appreciate that a method could alternatively be represented as a series of interrelated states or events, such as in a state diagram.

  [0092] In general, the on-demand broadcast and / or unicast content download methods described herein are shown and described with respect to FIGS. 6A-6B and 9-11, or variations thereof. It can be implemented using one or more of the features. In accordance with one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, referring to FIG. 14A, content executable by a network entity (eg, BM-SC, etc.) involved in an on-demand mobile broadcast service A distribution method 1400 is shown. Method 1400 may involve, at 1410, receiving a request for content. The method 1400 may involve, at 1420, performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two UEs in the coverage area. The method 1400 may involve, at 1430, providing at least one of the requested content or targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service.

  [0093] Referring to FIG. 14B, additional operations or aspects of a method 1400 that are optional and may be performed by a network entity or the like are illustrated. If method 1400 includes at least one block of FIG. 14B, method 1400 may not necessarily include any subsequent downstream blocks that may be illustrated, and may end after at least one block. It is further noted that the block numbers do not imply a specific order in which the blocks may be performed according to method 1400. For example, the method 1400 may further involve providing the requested content via a broadcast service in response to the group's interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level (block 1430). . Alternatively, or in addition, the method provides providing targeted content via a broadcast service in response to the group's interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. It may be accompanied (block 1432).

  [0094] User information may include at least one of user location or user profile data (block 1440). The user profile data may include at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile ID (block 1442). In a related aspect, the targeted content is at least auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. One may be included (block 1450). In a further related aspect, the method 1400 further operates initially in a unicast mode of operation (block 1460) and the group's interest in the requested content or at least one of the targeted content is a threshold interest. Responsive to exceeding the level may involve switching from unicast mode operation (block 1462).

  [0095] According to one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, devices and apparatus for content distribution are provided as described above with respect to FIGS. 14A-14B. Referring to FIG. 15, a network entity in a wireless network (eg, a stand-alone BM-SC or a BM-SC co-located with a content server) or a processor or similar device / for use within a network entity An example apparatus 1500 is provided that can be configured as a component. Apparatus 1500 can include functional blocks that can represent functions implemented by a processor, software, or combination thereof (eg, firmware).

  [0096] For example, apparatus 1500 may include an electrical component or module 1512 for receiving a request for content. For example, electrical component 1512 may include a PDW GW interface 650 and / or an MBMS GW interface 652 that operates in conjunction with a receiver component or the like.

  [0097] The apparatus 1500 may also include a component 1514 for performing at least one predictive analysis of requested content or user information to target content to at least two UEs in a coverage area. For example, the electrical component 1514 may include an MBMS session / transmission processor 662 and a controller 670 operating with a membership processor 660, a PDW GW interface 650, and an MBMS GW interface 652, as shown in FIG. 6B. In accordance with the processes of FIGS. 14A-14B or variations thereof, the MBMS session / send processor 662 and controller 670 can receive and decode a content request message including, among other things, CONTENT_URI, location, profile ID, Examining memory 672 to cross-reference the received data for values or tables, identifying content that is likely to be of interest to the user (eg, exceeding a defined interest threshold) An algorithm can be executed, including For example, to determine how many users (eg, “x”) of a given profile type (eg, Profile_A) are making a queuing request for content, the prediction or recommendation application / engine may It may be built directly in the SC or it may be located outside the BM-SC interface. If “x” exceeds a preset threshold (eg, set by operator policy, etc.), the prediction / recommendation application determines that the broadcast distribution of the predicted content for those Profile_A users is legitimate. can do.

  [0098] Apparatus 1500 may also include a component 1516 for providing at least one of requested content or targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service. For example, electrical component 1516 can communicate with a content server (eg, content server 930 of FIGS. 9-11) in FIG. 6B, content provider interface 654 and controller 670, as well as a UE download delivery client (eg, FIGS. 9-9). A PDW GW interface 650 and an MBMS GW interface 652 for communicating with the P2200 client of FIG. In accordance with the processes of FIGS. 14A-14B or variations thereof, the content provider interface 654 and the controller 670 determine, among other things, the decision to initiate an MBMS operation, and through FLUTE and / or via HTTP PUT. An algorithm may be executed, including providing a download of For example, in some cases, a content provider working with an MBMS operator operates a prediction / recommendation application or engine that determines when some number “n” or more users are requesting the same content. The content can be made available for MBMS download distribution.

  [0099] In a related aspect, for a device 1500 configured as a network entity rather than as a processor, the device 1500 may optionally include a processor component 1550 having at least one processor. In such cases, processor 1550 may be in operative communication with components 1521-1516 via bus 1552 or similar communication coupling or wireless communication channel. The processor 1550 may perform the activation and scheduling of processes or functions performed by the electrical components 1512-1516.

  [0100] In a further related aspect, the device 1500 may include one or more network interfaces 1554 for connecting to one or more other network entities. The apparatus may include a radio transceiver component (not shown). Apparatus 1500 may optionally include a component for storing information, such as memory device / component 1556, for example. Computer readable media or memory component 1556 may be operatively coupled to other components of apparatus 1500, such as via bus 1552. Memory component 1556 stores computer-readable instructions and data for performing the processing and behavior of components 1512-1516 and their subcomponents, or processor 1550, or the methods disclosed herein. Can be adapted. Memory component 1556 may retain instructions for executing functions associated with components 1512-1516. Although shown as being external to memory 1556, it should be understood that components 1512-1516 can reside within memory 1556. It is further noted that the components in FIG. 15 may comprise processors, electronics devices, hardware devices, electrical subcomponents, logic circuits, memories, software code, firmware codes, etc., or any combination thereof.

  [0101] In accordance with one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, referring to FIG. 12A, for example, BM-SC, BM-SC in a location with a content server, etc. Another example of a content distribution method 1200 that can be performed by a network entity is shown. For example, the method 1200 may involve, at 1210, determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area. The method 1200 may involve, at 1220, identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or user information. The method 1200, at 1230, provides a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, user information, content provider policy, network provider policy, or capabilities defined by the MPD. In, it may involve providing targeted content via a request-based broadcast service.

  [0102] Referring to FIG. 12B, additional operations or aspects of a method 1200 that are optional and may be performed by a network entity or the like are illustrated. If method 1200 includes at least one block of FIG. 12B, method 1200 may end after at least one block without necessarily including any subsequent downstream blocks that may be illustrated. It is further noted that the block numbers do not imply a specific order in which the blocks may be performed according to method 1200. For example, user information may include at least one of user location or user profile data (block 1240). The user profile data may include at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile ID (block 1242).

  [0103] In a related aspect, the method 1200 further dynamically adjusts at least one of a given resolution or a given data delivery rate to at least one of variable transmission network conditions or user preferences. (Block 1250). In a further related aspect, the targeted content includes: auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. At least one may be included (block 1260).

  [0104] In accordance with one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, FIG. 13 illustrates an apparatus 1300 for content distribution (eg, as described above with respect to FIGS. 12A-12B) (eg, Network entity or its components). For example, apparatus 1300 can include an electrical component or module 1312 for determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area. For example, the electrical component 1312 may include a membership processor 660, an MBMS session / transmission processor 662, and a controller 670 that operate in conjunction with the PDW GW interface 650 and the MBMS GW interface 652, as shown in FIG. 6B. In accordance with the processes of FIGS. 12A-12B or variations thereof, membership processor 660 and MBMS session / transmission processor 662 receive and decode requested content and user information for each UE, and receive, among other things. An algorithm can be executed including examining the CONTENT_URI, location, profile ID, etc. in the generated data.

  [0105] The apparatus 1300 may include a component 1314 for identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or user information. For example, electrical component 1314 can include MBMS session / transmit processor 662 and controller 670 of FIG. 6B. In accordance with the processes of FIGS. 12A-12B or variations thereof, MBMS session / send processor 662 and controller 670 interrogate memory 672 to cross-reference data received against known values or tables, among others. And identifying auxiliary content that is likely to be of interest to the user (eg, exceeding a defined interest threshold). In another example, the component 1314 can include a High Request Rate Detector (HRRD) application or module. The HRRD may be configured to evaluate whether content is delivered more efficiently via broadcast and indicates a request to interact with the BM-SC to set up dynamic MBMS delivery. Alternatively, the HRRD application or module may be externally but in operative communication with the BM-SC.

  [0106] The device 1300 may provide a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, user information, content provider policy, network provider policy, or capabilities defined by the MPD. A component 1316 may be included for providing targeted content via a request-based broadcast service. For example, the electrical component 1316 may communicate with a content server (eg, the content server 930 of FIGS. 9-11) and the content provider interface 654 and controller 670 of FIG. 6B, as well as the UE download delivery client (eg, FIGS. 9-9). A PDW GW interface 650 and an MBMS GW interface 652 for communicating with the P2200 client of FIG. In accordance with the processes of FIGS. 12A-12B or variations thereof, the content provider interface 654 and the controller 670 may determine, among other things, to initiate an MBMS operation, through FLUTE, and / or through HTTP PUT. An algorithm may be executed, including providing a download of

  [0107] For the sake of brevity, the remaining details regarding apparatus 1300 are not further elaborated, but the remaining features and aspects of apparatus 1300 are substantially the same as those described above with respect to apparatus 1500 of FIG. It should be understood that the same is true.

  [0108] In accordance with one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, referring to FIG. 16A, another example of a content distribution method 1600 that can be performed by a mobile entity, such as a UE, for example. An example is shown. For example, the method 1600 may involve, at 1610, sending a request for content to a network entity, the request comprising a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity. The method may involve, at 1620, receiving an announcement from the network entity regarding targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID, where the announcement is targeted. Information about the time window during which content is available for download. The method may involve, at 1630, setting up the mobile entity's broadcast receiver to download targeted content based on the time window information.

  [0109] Referring to FIG. 16B, additional operations or aspects of a method 1600 that is optional and may be performed by a network entity or the like are illustrated. If method 1600 includes at least one block of FIG. 16B, method 1600 may end after at least one block, not necessarily including any subsequent downstream blocks that may be illustrated. It is further noted that the block numbers do not imply a specific order in which the blocks may be performed according to method 1600. For example, the announcement may include information regarding multiple recommended content for different users (block 1640). The method 1600 may further involve selectively downloading a subset of recommended content, each recommended content of the subset having an identifier that matches a profile ID or the like (block 1642).

  [0110] In accordance with one or more aspects of the embodiments described herein, FIG. 17 illustrates an apparatus 1700 for content delivery (eg, as described above with respect to FIGS. 16A-16B) (eg, , Mobile entity or its components) design. For example, apparatus 1700 may include an electrical component or module 1712 for sending a request for content to a network entity, the request comprising a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity. For example, the electrical component 1712 may include a transmit processor 364 and a TX MIMO processor 366 that operate in conjunction with the controller / processor 380, memory 382, and data source 362 shown in FIG.

  [0111] The apparatus 1700 may include an electrical component 1714 for receiving notifications from the network entity about targeted content that is available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID. Comprises information about the time window during which the targeted content is available for download. For example, electrical component 1714 may include MIMO detector 356, receive processor 358, and data sink 360 shown in FIG.

  [0112] Apparatus 1700 may include an electrical component 1716 for setting up a mobile entity broadcast receiver to download targeted content based on time window information. For example, the electrical component 1716 can include a controller / processor 380 that operates in conjunction with the broadcast receiver 390 shown in FIG.

  [0113] For the sake of brevity, the remaining details regarding apparatus 1700 are not further detailed, but the remaining features and aspects of apparatus 1700 are similar to those described above with respect to apparatus 1500 of FIG. Please understand that. However, it should be noted that device 1700 is a mobile entity, while device 1500 is a network entity. Note also that apparatus 1700 includes a wireless transceiver 1754 for wireless communication with one or more mobile networks. Apparatus 1700 may further include a broadcast receiver 390.

  [0114] Those of skill in the art would understand that information and signals may be represented using any of a variety of different technologies and techniques. For example, data, instructions, commands, information, signals, bits, symbols, and chips that may be referred to throughout the above description are voltages, currents, electromagnetic waves, magnetic fields or magnetic particles, light fields or optical particles, or any of them Can be represented by a combination.

  [0115] Further, the various exemplary logic blocks, modules, circuits, and algorithm steps described in connection with the disclosure herein may be implemented as electronic hardware, computer software, or a combination of both. Will be appreciated by those skilled in the art. To clearly illustrate this interchangeability of hardware and software, various illustrative components, blocks, modules, circuits, and steps have been described above generally in terms of their functionality. Whether such functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends on the specific application and design constraints imposed on the overall system. Those skilled in the art can implement the described functionality in a variety of ways for each specific application, but such implementation decisions should be construed as departing from the scope of the present disclosure. is not.

  [0116] Various exemplary logic blocks, modules, and circuits described in connection with the disclosure herein may be general purpose processors, digital signal processors (DSPs), ASICs, field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), or others. Programmable logic devices, individual gate or transistor logic, individual hardware components, or any combination thereof designed to perform the functions described herein. A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, but in the alternative, the processor may be any conventional processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. The processor may also be implemented as a combination of computing devices, eg, a combination of a DSP and a microprocessor, a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors associated with a DSP core, or any other such configuration. obtain.

  [0117] The method or algorithm steps described in connection with the disclosure herein may be implemented directly in hardware, in software modules executed by a processor, or in a combination of the two. . The software module may be RAM memory, flash memory, ROM memory, EPROM memory, EEPROM memory, register, hard disk, removable disk, CD-ROM, or any other form of storage known in the art. It can be present in the medium. An exemplary storage medium is coupled to the processor such that the processor can read information from, and write information to, the storage medium. In the alternative, the storage medium may be integral to the processor. The processor and storage medium may reside in an ASIC. The ASIC may be present in the user terminal. In the alternative, the processor and the storage medium may reside as discrete components in a user terminal.

  [0118] In one or more exemplary designs, the functions described may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or combinations thereof. If implemented in software, the functions may be stored on or transmitted over as one or more instructions or code on a computer-readable medium. Computer-readable media includes both computer storage media and computer communication media including any medium that facilitates transfer of a computer program from one place to another. A storage media may be any available media that can be accessed by a general purpose or special purpose computer. By way of example, and not limitation, such computer-readable media can be RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM, or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage device, or desired in the form of instructions or data structures. Any other medium that can be used to carry or store the program code means and that can be accessed by a general purpose or special purpose computer or general purpose or special purpose processor. Also, any connection can be suitably referred to as a computer readable medium as long as it involves non-transitory storage of transmitted signals. For example, the software can use a coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, digital subscriber line (DSL), or wireless technology such as infrared, wireless, and microwave, from a website, server, or other remote source When transmitted, coaxial technology, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, DSL, or wireless technologies such as infrared, radio, and microwave can be used to transmit signals in a transmission chain on a storage medium or device memory for any non-temporary period. Are included in the definition of the media as long as Discs and discs used herein are compact discs (CDs), laser discs (discs), optical discs (discs), digital versatile discs (discs) DVD, floppy disk, and Blu-ray disk, which typically reproduces data magnetically, and the disk lasers the data To reproduce optically. Combinations of the above should also be included within the scope of computer-readable media.

  [0119] The previous description of the disclosure is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the disclosure. Various modifications to this disclosure will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other variations without departing from the spirit or scope of this disclosure. Accordingly, this disclosure is not intended to be limited to the examples and designs described herein, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. .

[0119] The previous description of the disclosure is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the disclosure. Various modifications to this disclosure will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other variations without departing from the spirit or scope of this disclosure. Accordingly, this disclosure is not intended to be limited to the examples and designs described herein, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. .
Hereinafter, the invention described in the scope of claims of the present application will be appended.
[C1]
A content distribution method executable by a network entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
Receiving a request for content;
Performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
Providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service;
A content distribution method comprising:
[C2]
The method of C1, further comprising providing the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level.
[C3]
The method of C1, further comprising providing the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level.
[C4]
The method of C1, wherein the user information comprises at least one of user location or user profile data.
[C5]
The method of C4, wherein the user profile data comprises at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile IDs.
[C6]
The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. The method of C1, comprising.
[C7]
Be the first to work in unicast mode,
Switching from operation in the unicast mode in response to the group's interest in at least one of the requested content or the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level;
The method of C1, further comprising:
[C8]
Means for receiving a request for content;
Means for performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
Means for providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service;
An apparatus comprising:
[C9]
The apparatus of C8, further comprising means for providing the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level.
[C10]
The method of C8, further comprising means for providing the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. apparatus.
[C11]
Receiving a request for content and performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area; At least one processor configured to provide at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via a mobile broadcast service;
A memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data;
An apparatus comprising:
[C12]
The at least one processor is further configured to provide the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level. , C11.
[C13]
The at least one processor is further configured to provide the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. The device of C11.
[C14]
A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
Receive requests for content,
Performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
A computer program product comprising code for providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service.
[C15]
A content distribution method executable by a network entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
Determining user information and requested content for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
Identifying content targeted for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
The target at a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, content provider policy, network provider policy, or media presentation description (MPD) definition capability Providing content to be sent via a request-based broadcast service;
A content distribution method comprising:
[C16]
The method of C15, wherein the user information comprises at least one of user location or user profile data.
[C17]
The method of C16, wherein the user profile data comprises at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile IDs.
[C18]
The method of C15, further comprising dynamically adjusting at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate to at least one of a variable transmission network condition or a user preference setting. Method.
[C19]
The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. The method of C15, comprising.
[C20]
Means for determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
Means for identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
A given resolution based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability for which a capability is defined and a given Means for providing said targeted content via a request-based broadcast service at a data delivery rate;
An apparatus comprising:
[C21]
C20 further comprising means for dynamically adjusting at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate to at least one of a variable transmission network condition or a user preference setting The device described.
[C22]
(A) determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area, and (b) based on at least one of the requested content or the user information, Identifying targeted content for at least two UEs, and (c) at least the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability At least one processor configured to provide the targeted content via a request-based broadcast service at a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on one;
A memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data;
An apparatus comprising:
[C23]
The at least one processor is further adapted to dynamically adjust at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate according to at least one of variable transmission network conditions or user preference settings. The apparatus according to C22, comprising:
[C24]
A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
Determine the requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
Identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
At a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability, A computer program product comprising code for causing the targeted content to be provided via a request-based broadcast service.
[C25]
A method executable by a mobile entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
Sending a request for content to a network entity, the request comprising a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
Receiving an announcement from the network entity about the targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID; and the announcement indicates that the targeted content is downloaded. With information about the time window that is available for
Setting up the mobile entity's broadcast receiver to download the targeted content based on the time window information;
A method comprising:
[C26]
The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
The method of C25, wherein the method further comprises selectively downloading the subset of recommended content, wherein each recommended content of the subset has an identifier that matches the profile ID. Method.
[C27]
The method of C25, wherein the profile ID is based on at least one of user profile data, past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, or user preference settings.
[C28]
The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. The method of C25, comprising.
[C29]
Means for sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
Means for receiving an announcement from the network entity regarding targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID, wherein the announcement is targeted. Information about the time window during which content is available for download,
Means for setting up the mobile entity's broadcast receiver to download the targeted content based on the time window information;
An apparatus comprising:
[C30]
The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
The apparatus further comprises means for selectively downloading a subset of the recommended content, wherein each recommended content of the subset has an identifier that matches the profile ID. The device described.
[C31]
(A) sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity, and (b) based on the profile ID via an on-demand mobile broadcast service A notification about the targeted content available from the network entity, wherein the announcement comprises information about a time window where the targeted content is available for download; At least one configured to set up a broadcast receiver of the mobile entity to download the targeted content based on the time window information And the processor,
A memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data;
An apparatus comprising:
[C32]
The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
C31. The C31, wherein the at least one processor is further configured to selectively download the subset of recommended content, each recommended content of the subset having an identifier that matches the profile ID. Equipment.
[C33]
A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
Sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
Based on the profile ID, an announcement about the targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service is received from the network entity, where the announcement downloads the targeted content With information about time windows that are available for
A computer program product comprising code for causing a broadcast receiver of the mobile entity to set up to download the targeted content based on the time window information.

Claims (33)

  1. A content distribution method executable by a network entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
    Receiving a request for content;
    Performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
    Providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service.
  2.   The method of claim 1, further comprising providing the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level.
  3.   The method of claim 1, further comprising providing the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. Method.
  4.   The method of claim 1, wherein the user information comprises at least one of user location or user profile data.
  5.   The method of claim 4, wherein the user profile data comprises at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile IDs.
  6.   The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. The method of claim 1 comprising.
  7. Be the first to work in unicast mode,
    Switching from operation in the unicast mode in response to the group's interest in at least one of the requested content or the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. The method described in 1.
  8. Means for receiving a request for content;
    Means for performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
    Means for providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service.
  9.   9. The means of claim 8, further comprising means for providing the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level. apparatus.
  10.   9. The apparatus of claim 8, further comprising means for providing the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. The device described.
  11. Receiving a request for content and performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area; At least one processor configured to provide at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via a mobile broadcast service;
    And a memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data.
  12.   The at least one processor is further configured to provide the requested content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the requested content exceeding a threshold interest level. The apparatus according to claim 11.
  13.   The at least one processor is further configured to provide the targeted content via the broadcast service in response to a group interest in the targeted content exceeding a threshold interest level. 12. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein:
  14. A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
    Receive requests for content,
    Performing at least one predictive analysis of the requested content or user information to target content to at least two user equipments (UEs) in a coverage area;
    A computer program product comprising code for providing at least one of the requested content or the targeted content via an on-demand mobile broadcast service.
  15. A content distribution method executable by a network entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
    Determining user information and requested content for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
    Identifying content targeted for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
    The target at a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, content provider policy, network provider policy, or media presentation description (MPD) definition capability Providing content to be provided via a request-based broadcast service.
  16.   The method of claim 15, wherein the user information comprises at least one of user location or user profile data.
  17.   The method of claim 16, wherein the user profile data comprises at least one of past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, user preference settings, or profile IDs.
  18.   16. The method of claim 15, further comprising dynamically adjusting at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate to at least one of variable transmission network conditions or user preference settings. The method described.
  19.   The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. 16. The method of claim 15, comprising.
  20. Means for determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
    Means for identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
    A given resolution based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability for which a capability is defined and a given Means for providing the targeted content via a request-based broadcast service at a data delivery rate.
  21.   The apparatus further comprises means for dynamically adjusting at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate to at least one of variable transmission network conditions or user preference settings. The apparatus according to 20.
  22. (A) determining requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area, and (b) based on at least one of the requested content or the user information, Identifying targeted content for at least two UEs, and (c) at least the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability At least one processor configured to provide the targeted content via a request-based broadcast service at a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on one;
    And a memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data.
  23.   The at least one processor is further adapted to dynamically adjust at least one of the given resolution or the given data delivery rate according to at least one of variable transmission network conditions or user preference settings. 24. The apparatus of claim 22, wherein the apparatus is configured as follows.
  24. A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
    Determine the requested content and user information for each user equipment (UE) in a given coverage area;
    Identifying targeted content for at least two UEs based on at least one of the requested content or the user information;
    At a given resolution and a given data delivery rate based on at least one of the requested content, the user information, a content provider policy, a network provider policy, or a media presentation description (MPD) definition capability, A computer program product comprising code for causing the targeted content to be provided via a request-based broadcast service.
  25. A method executable by a mobile entity in a wireless communication system, comprising:
    Sending a request for content to a network entity, the request comprising a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
    Receiving an announcement from the network entity about the targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID; and the announcement indicates that the targeted content is downloaded. With information about the time window that is available for
    Setting up the mobile entity's broadcast receiver to download the targeted content based on the time window information.
  26. The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
    26. The method of claim 25, further comprising selectively downloading the subset of recommended content, wherein each recommended content of the subset has an identifier that matches the profile ID. The method described.
  27.   26. The method of claim 25, wherein the profile ID is based on at least one of user profile data, past usage behavior, demographic attribute information, or user preference settings.
  28.   The targeted content is at least one of auxiliary content related to the requested content, targeted advertisements, targeted coupons, targeted promotions, user location based warnings or notifications. 26. The method of claim 25, comprising.
  29. Means for sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
    Means for receiving an announcement from the network entity regarding targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service based on the profile ID, wherein the announcement is targeted. Information about the time window during which content is available for download,
    Means for setting up a broadcast receiver of the mobile entity to download the targeted content based on the time window information.
  30. The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
    The apparatus further comprises means for selectively downloading the subset of recommended content, wherein each recommended content of the subset has an identifier that matches the profile ID. 29. The apparatus according to 29.
  31. (A) sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity, and (b) based on the profile ID via an on-demand mobile broadcast service A notification about the targeted content available from the network entity, wherein the announcement comprises information about a time window where the targeted content is available for download; At least one configured to set up a broadcast receiver of the mobile entity to download the targeted content based on the time window information And the processor,
    And a memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data.
  32. The announcement comprises information about a plurality of recommended content for different users;
    32. The at least one processor is further configured to selectively download a subset of the recommended content, and each recommended content of the subset has an identifier that matches the profile ID. The device described in 1.
  33. A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium is on a computer,
    Sending a request for content to a network entity, wherein the request comprises a profile ID for a user of the mobile entity;
    Based on the profile ID, an announcement about the targeted content available via an on-demand mobile broadcast service is received from the network entity, where the announcement downloads the targeted content With information about time windows that are available for
    A computer program product comprising code for causing a broadcast receiver of the mobile entity to set up to download the targeted content based on the time window information.
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