JP2014154335A - Lighting device and luminaire using the same - Google Patents

Lighting device and luminaire using the same Download PDF

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JP2014154335A
JP2014154335A JP2013022660A JP2013022660A JP2014154335A JP 2014154335 A JP2014154335 A JP 2014154335A JP 2013022660 A JP2013022660 A JP 2013022660A JP 2013022660 A JP2013022660 A JP 2013022660A JP 2014154335 A JP2014154335 A JP 2014154335A
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Japan
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impedance
connection terminals
light source
lighting device
detection
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JP2013022660A
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JP6114988B2 (en
Inventor
Shigeru Ido
滋 井戸
Hiroshi Kido
大志 城戸
Takeshi Kamoi
武志 鴨井
Akinori Hiramatsu
明則 平松
Junichi Hasegawa
純一 長谷川
Nobutoshi Matsuzaki
宣敏 松崎
Daisuke Yamahara
大輔 山原
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Panasonic Corp
パナソニック株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a lighting device capable of simplifying wiring between a control circuit and a detection unit, and a luminaire using the same.SOLUTION: The lighting device comprises: a lighting circuit 1a; a heat sensor 22 for detecting the temperature of a light source 21; a switch module 3 for detecting the open/closed state of a cover 4; terminals of a sensor connection terminal unit 172 to which the heat sensor 22 and the switch module 3 are connected; and a control circuit 15 for controlling the lighting circuit 1a on the basis of impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal unit 172. The control circuit 15 increases or reduces output of the lighting circuit 1a when impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal unit 172 is within a prescribed range (0.7 kΩ to 95 kΩ), and determines that the cover 4 is open when impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal unit 172 is out of the prescribed range (281 Ω to 467 Ω).

Description

  The present invention relates to a lighting device and a lighting fixture using the same.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there is a lighting device that supplies power to a light source composed of an LED element to light it. However, the luminous efficiency of the LED element decreases as the temperature rises. Therefore, there is a lighting device that suppresses the temperature rise of the LED element by using a cooling means such as a fan (see, for example, Patent Document 1). The lighting device includes a thermal sensor that detects the temperature of the light source. And a lighting device maintains the luminous efficiency of a LED element by controlling the operation | movement of a fan based on the detection temperature of a thermal sensor.

  However, the fan also generates heat due to its life. Therefore, it is necessary for the lighting device to include a thermal sensor that detects the temperature of the fan and to monitor the state of the fan.

  There is also a lighting device that includes a human sensor that detects the presence or absence of a person in the detection range and turns on the light source when a person is detected.

JP 2010-192406 A

  A detection unit such as a heat sensor or a human sensor outputs a detection result to the control circuit. And a control circuit performs control according to the detection result of each detection part. Therefore, when the lighting device includes two or more detection units, it is necessary to connect the control circuit and each detection unit with wiring. Therefore, there is a problem that the wiring becomes complicated.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described reasons, and an object of the present invention is to provide a lighting device capable of simplifying the wiring between the control circuit and the detection unit in the case of including a plurality of detection units, and the present invention. It is in providing the lighting fixture using.

  The lighting device of the present invention includes a lighting circuit that supplies power to a light source including a light emitting element, and a first impedance element that is provided in the light source and has a first impedance element that continuously changes impedance according to the temperature of the light source. And a second detection unit having a second impedance element whose impedance is switched to one of two values according to the detection target state that changes to the first state or the second state, The impedance between the connection terminals consisting of a pair of connection terminals to which the first detection unit and the second detection unit are connected, and the combined impedance of the first impedance element and the second impedance element, or And a control circuit for controlling the lighting circuit based on a voltage value between the connection terminals, and impedance between the connection terminals and between the connection terminals The pressure value continuously changes within a predetermined range when the detection target is in the first state, and changes outside the predetermined range when the detection target is in the second state. When the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is within the predetermined range, the circuit outputs the output of the lighting circuit based on the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals. When the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is out of the predetermined range or has changed discontinuously, it is determined that the detection target is in the second state. Features.

  In the lighting device, the second impedance element is configured to include a contact that is connected in parallel to the first impedance element between the connection terminals and that conducts or cuts off both ends of the first impedance element, When the target changes to the second state, the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is changed outside the predetermined range by conducting between both ends of the first impedance element. Is preferred.

  In this lighting device, the second impedance element is connected in series to the first impedance element between the connection terminals, and is configured by a contact that conducts or cuts off between the connection terminals, and the detection target is the second When the state changes, it is preferable to change the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals outside the predetermined range by blocking between the connection terminals.

  In this lighting device, the second detection unit is a human sensor having a human detection unit that detects the presence or absence of a person in the detection range, and the contact point that is turned on or off based on a detection result of the human detection unit. Preferably, it is configured.

  In this lighting device, the control circuit controls the output power of the lighting circuit when the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is out of the predetermined range or changes discontinuously. It is preferable.

  In this lighting device, it is preferable that the control circuit outputs the state information of the detection target to the outside.

  The lighting apparatus of the present invention includes a lighting circuit that supplies power to a light source including a light emitting element, and a first impedance element that is provided in the light source and has a first impedance element that continuously changes impedance according to the temperature of the light source. And a second detection unit having a second impedance element whose impedance is switched to one of two values according to the detection target state that changes to the first state or the second state, Based on an impedance between the connection terminals including a pair of connection terminals to which the first detection unit and the second detection unit are connected, and a combined impedance of the first impedance element and the second impedance element. And a control circuit for controlling the lighting circuit, and the impedance between the connection terminals is a predetermined range when the detection target is the first state. When the detection target is in the second state, the control circuit changes outside the predetermined range, and the control circuit, when the impedance between the connection terminals is within the predetermined range, A lighting device that increases or decreases the output of the lighting circuit based on the impedance between the connection terminals, and determines that the detection target is in the second state when the impedance between the connection terminals is outside the predetermined range; The light source includes a light source that is supplied with power from the lighting device, and a fixture body to which the lighting device and the light source are attached.

  As described above, in the present invention, the first and second detection units are connected to the pair of connection terminals, and the control circuit performs the first and second detections based on the change in impedance between the connection terminals. Since it is discriminated which detection result is included in the unit, there is an effect that the wiring between the control circuit and the first and second detection units can be simplified.

It is a circuit block diagram of the lighting device of Embodiment 1 of this invention. It is a schematic block diagram same as the above. (A)-(d) It is an operation | movement waveform diagram same as the above. It is a circuit block diagram of the lighting device of another structure same as the above. It is a circuit block diagram of the lighting device of Embodiment 2. It is a schematic block diagram same as the above. (A)-(d) It is an operation | movement waveform diagram same as the above. It is a circuit block diagram of the lighting device of another structure same as the above. It is a circuit block diagram of the lighting device of Embodiment 3. It is a schematic block diagram same as the above. It is an external view of the lighting fixture of Embodiment 4. It is an external view of the lighting fixture of another structure same as the above.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1)
A circuit configuration diagram of the lighting device of the present embodiment is shown in FIG. 1, and a schematic configuration diagram is shown in FIG.

  The lighting device of the present embodiment includes a power supply module 1, a light emitting module 2, and a switch module 3 that detects an open / closed state of a cover 4 that covers the light emitting module 2. As shown in FIG. 2, the power supply module 1 and the light emitting module 2 are connected by wirings W1 and W2, and the light emitting module 2 and the switch module 3 are connected by wiring W3 different from this.

  The power supply module 1 generates DC output power using the AC power supply E1 as an input power supply and supplies the light emitting module 2 with power. The light emitting module 2 has a light source 21 composed of a plurality of LED elements Ld1 (light emitting elements), and the light source 21 is turned on when power is supplied from the power supply module 1.

  The power supply module 1 has an input filter circuit 11, a rectifier circuit 12, a PFC circuit 13, a step-down chopper circuit 14, a control circuit 15, A control power supply circuit 16 is configured.

  The input filter circuit 11 is connected to the AC power supply E1 through the fuse F1. Then, the input filter circuit 11 removes AC voltage noise applied from the AC power supply E1.

  The rectifier circuit 12 is provided at the subsequent stage of the input filter circuit 11. The rectifier circuit 12 is configured by a diode bridge including a plurality of diodes (not shown). The rectifier circuit 12 performs full-wave rectification on the AC voltage applied from the AC power supply E1, smooths it with a capacitor (not shown), and outputs the smoothed voltage to the PFC circuit 13 at the subsequent stage.

  The PFC circuit 13 is composed of a step-up chopper circuit including a transformer, a switching element, a diode, a capacitor, and the like (not shown). The PFC circuit 13 improves the power factor of the output of the rectifier circuit 12, generates a DC voltage boosted as necessary, and outputs it to the subsequent step-down chopper circuit 14.

  The step-down chopper circuit 14 is configured by a buck converter circuit including a transformer, a switching element, a diode, a capacitor, and the like (not shown). The step-down chopper circuit 14 generates a desired DC voltage obtained by stepping down the output voltage of the PFC circuit 13 and outputs it to the light source 21 of each light emitting module 2.

  The above-described input filter circuit 11, rectifier circuit 12, PFC circuit 13, and step-down chopper circuit 14 constitute the lighting circuit 1a.

  The control circuit 15 includes a PFC control circuit 151, a step-down chopper control circuit 152, and a microcomputer 153 (hereinafter abbreviated as a microcomputer 153).

  The PFC control circuit 151 performs switching control of the switching element of the PFC circuit 13, and performs feedback control so that the output voltage of the PFC circuit 13 becomes a desired value. The step-down chopper control circuit 152 controls switching of the switching element of the step-down chopper circuit 14.

  The microcomputer 153 controls the operation (drive / stop) of the PFC control circuit 151 and the step-down chopper control circuit 152. A dimming signal indicating the target dimming degree of the light source 21 is input to the microcomputer 153 from the outside. This dimming signal is composed of, for example, PWM, DALI, or UART. The microcomputer 153 controls the output of the step-down chopper circuit 14 by controlling the step-down chopper control circuit 152 so that the dimming degree of the light source 21 becomes the target dimming degree. As a dimming method of the light source 21, there is burst dimming in which the light source 21 is dimmed and controlled by intermittently lighting the light source 21. Further, the microcomputer 153 monitors the input power supply voltage (output voltage of the rectifier circuit 12), the output voltage of the PFC circuit 13, and the load voltage (output voltage of the step-down chopper circuit 14). Then, when each voltage level becomes abnormal, the microcomputer 153 reduces the power supplied to the light source 21 or stops the power supply to the light source 21. For example, when the load voltage exceeds the rated voltage, the microcomputer 153 determines that the output is abnormal. Further, when the load voltage is equal to or lower than the normal voltage, it is determined that the load is short-circuited. In such a case, the microcomputer 153 stops the power supply to the light source 21.

  When power is supplied from the AC power supply E1 to the power supply module 1, the control power supply circuit 16 generates a predetermined control voltage Vcc and outputs it to the control circuit 15. The control circuit 15 (PFC control circuit 151, step-down chopper control circuit 152, microcomputer 153) operates using the control voltage Vcc as a drive power supply.

  The power supply module 1 also includes a connector 17 to which wirings W1 and W2 to the light emitting module 2 are connected. The connector 17 includes a power supply terminal portion 171 and a sensor connection terminal portion 172 described later. The power supply terminal unit 171 includes a pair of terminals connected to the output of the step-down chopper circuit 14.

  In addition, the structure of the power supply module 1 is a conventionally well-known structure, and description of a detailed structure and operation | movement is abbreviate | omitted.

  The light emitting module 2 is configured by mounting a light source 21 and a thermal sensor 22 on a mounting substrate 20. The light emitting module 2 includes a connector 23 to which wirings W1 and W2 to the power supply module 1 are connected. The connector 23 includes a power supply terminal portion 231 and a sensor connection terminal portion 232.

  The power supply terminal portion 231 includes a pair of terminals connected to the power supply terminal portion 171 of the power supply module 1 via the wiring W1. In addition, the light source 21 is connected between the terminals of the power supply terminal portion 231 via a conductor formed on the mounting substrate 20.

  The light source 21 includes an LED array in which a plurality of LED elements Ld1 are connected in series. The light source 21 is connected to the output of the step-down chopper circuit 14 via the power supply terminal portions 171 and 231. Then, when the output voltage of the step-down chopper circuit 14 is applied between both ends of the light source 21, a direct current LED current Io flows through the light source 21, and each LED element Ld1 is lit.

  The thermal sensor 22 (first detection unit) includes a thermistor NTC1 (first impedance element) (for example, NCP16XV103J manufactured by Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.) whose resistance value continuously decreases as the temperature rises. The thermal sensor 22 is mounted in the vicinity of the light source 21. The thermal sensor 22 detects the temperature of the light source 21 by detecting the temperature of the mounting substrate 20.

  The sensor connection terminal portion 232 includes a pair of terminals connected to both ends of the thermal sensor 22. Further, the sensor connection terminal portion 232 is connected to the sensor connection terminal portion 172 of the power supply module 1 through the wiring W2.

  The sensor connection terminal portion 172 includes a terminal connected to the control voltage Vcc output of the control power supply circuit 16 through a fixed resistor and a terminal connected to the circuit ground of the lighting circuit 1a through the fixed resistor. Specifically, one terminal of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is connected to the control voltage Vcc output of the control power supply circuit 16 through a series circuit of a resistor R1 and a resistor R2. The other terminal of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is connected to the circuit ground via the resistor R3. A capacitor C1 is connected in parallel with the series circuit of the resistor R2-sensor connection terminal portion 172-resistor R3. In addition, a connection point between the resistors R1 and R2 is connected to the microcomputer 153. In addition, a pair of terminal which comprises the sensor connection terminal part 172 is equivalent to a pair of connection terminal of this invention.

  That is, a series circuit of impedance element-resistance R3 between the terminals of the resistor R1, the resistor R2, and the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is formed, and the control voltage Vcc is applied to the series circuit. A value obtained by dividing the control voltage Vcc by the resistor R1 and the series circuit of the resistor R2 and the impedance element between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 and the resistor R3 (hereinafter referred to as the detection voltage Vk) is a microcomputer. 153 is input. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk varies depending on the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. The resistance values of the resistors R2 and R3 are set to 1 kΩ or less, and attenuates surge noise to each terminal of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. Further, the capacitor C1 removes high frequency noise from the detection voltage Vk.

  As described above, the thermal sensor 22 is connected between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. Therefore, a series circuit of resistor R1-resistor R2-thermal sensor 22-resistor R3 is formed, and the detection voltage Vk continuously changes depending on the resistance value of the thermal sensor 22.

  Here, the parameters of the resistors R1 to R3, the thermal sensor 22, the capacitor C1, and the control voltage Vcc are set as follows. The resistance values r1 to r3 of the resistors R1 to R3 are set to a resistance value r1 = 4.7 kΩ, a resistance value r2 = 470Ω, and a resistance value r3 = 470Ω. Further, the resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22 continuously changes depending on the temperature. The resistance value r22 varies from 95 kΩ to 0.7 kΩ in the operating temperature range of −20 ° C. to 100 ° C., 32 kΩ at 0 ° C., 10 kΩ at 25 ° C., 3.6 kΩ at 50 ° C., and 1.8 kΩ at 70 ° C. Become. Further, the capacitance c1 of the capacitor C1 is set to 1 μF. The cutoff frequency of the capacitor C1 is calculated by 1 / [2π × c1 × {r1 × (r2 + r22 + r3) / (r1 + r2 + r22 + r3)}]. Therefore, the cutoff frequency of the capacitor C1 is 130 Hz at the maximum (when the temperature of the thermal sensor 22 is 100 ° C. (r22 = 0.7 kΩ)), and the high frequency noise of the detection voltage Vk can be sufficiently attenuated. Further, the control voltage Vcc is set to 5V.

  The detection voltage Vk is calculated by Vk = 5 × (r2 + r22 + r3) / (r1 + r2 + r22 + r3). Since the resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22 varies in the range of 0.7 kΩ (100 ° C.) to 95 kΩ (−20 ° C.), the detection voltage Vk is 1.29 V (100 ° C.) to 4.76 V (−20 ° C.). ) (Hereinafter referred to as temperature detection range Tr).

  Then, the microcomputer 153 compares the detection voltage Vk with a predetermined threshold, and determines that the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state when the detection voltage Vk is equal to or lower than the threshold. For example, when the temperature of the light source 21 (thermal sensor 22) is 70 ° C., the detection voltage Vk is 1.84V. This value (detection voltage Vk = 1.84 V) is set in the microcomputer 153 in advance. Therefore, when the temperature of the light source 21 (thermal sensor 22) is 70 ° C. or higher and the detection voltage Vk is 1.84 V or lower, the microcomputer 153 determines that the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state. The microcomputer 153 stops the operation of the PFC control circuit 151 and the step-down chopper circuit 152, thereby stopping the output to the light source 21 and preventing the light source 21 from being damaged. Further, the microcomputer 153 may notify the external host control device that the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state using a communication means (for example, DALI communication).

  In general, the power supply module 1 and the light emitting module 2 of the lighting device are covered with a cover so that the user does not touch them because there is a thermal and electrical hazard. When the cover is opened, it is necessary to turn off the light source 21 to ensure safety. Therefore, the lighting device of the present embodiment includes a switch module 3 (second detection unit) that detects the open / close state of the cover 4 that covers the light emitting module 2. Note that the portion covered by the cover 4 is not limited to the light emitting module 2, and may be configured to integrally cover the power supply module 1 or the power supply module 1 and the light emitting module 2.

  The light emitting module 2 includes a switch connection unit 24 connected to the switch module 3 via the wiring W3. The switch connection unit 24 is composed of a pair of terminals connected to both ends of the thermal sensor 22.

  The switch module 3 (switch) includes an interlock switch, and detects the open / closed state of the cover 4 (detection target). The switch module 3 includes a contact 31, a displacement body 32, and a resistor R4. In addition, the switch module 3 includes a switch connection terminal portion 33 that is connected to the switch connection terminal portion 24 of the light emitting module 2 via the wiring W3. The switch connection terminal portion 33 includes a pair of terminals to which both ends of a series circuit of the resistor R4 and the contact 31 are connected. That is, between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172, the series circuit of the resistor R4-contact 31 and the thermal sensor 22 are connected in parallel. Note that the series circuit of the resistor R4 and the contact 31 corresponds to the second impedance element of the present invention.

  The displacement body 32 is displaced by the opening / closing action of the cover 4. Then, when the displacement body 32 is displaced, the contact 31 is opened and closed. Specifically, the contact 31 is in an open state when the cover 4 is in a closed state (first state). When the contact 31 is in an open state, the impedance between both ends of the series circuit of the resistor R4-contact 31 (hereinafter referred to as the impedance of the switch module 3) becomes ∞. On the other hand, the contact 31 is closed when the cover 4 is in the open state (second state). When the contact 31 is in the closed state, the impedance of the switch module 3 becomes the resistance value r4 of the resistor R4. That is, the impedance of the switch module 3 is switched to either ∞ or the resistance value r4 according to the opening / closing of the cover 4.

  The impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is a combined impedance of the impedance (resistance value r22) of the thermal sensor 22 and the impedance of the switch module 3. Therefore, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 varies depending on the temperature of the light source 21 and the open / closed state of the cover 4. Here, the resistance value r4 of the resistor R4 is set to 470Ω.

  When the cover 4 is in the closed state (the contact 31 is in the open state), the impedance of the switch module 3 is ∞, so the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is the impedance of the thermal sensor 22 (resistance value r22). Become. Therefore, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 changes continuously within the range of 95 kΩ to 0.7 kΩ depending on the temperature of the light source 21. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk continuously changes within the temperature detection range Tr (1.29 V to 4.76 V) according to the temperature of the light source 21.

  On the other hand, when the cover 4 is in the open state (the contact 31 is in the closed state), the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is calculated by (r22 × r4) / (r22 + r4). Therefore, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 changes continuously within a range of 281Ω (100 ° C.) to 467Ω (−20 ° C.) according to the temperature of the light source 21. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk changes in the range of 1.03 V (100 ° C.) to 1.15 V (−20 ° C.) according to the temperature of the light source 21.

  Thus, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 changes continuously within a predetermined range (95 kΩ to 0.7 kΩ) when the cover 4 is in the closed state, and the cover 4 is in the open state. , Changes outside the predetermined range (281Ω to 467Ω). Thereby, the detection voltage Vk continuously changes within the temperature detection range Tr (1.29 V to 4.76 V) when the cover 4 is in the closed state, and when the cover 4 is in the open state, the temperature detection range. It changes outside Tr.

  Therefore, a temperature detection range Tr is set in the microcomputer 153 in advance. The microcomputer 153 acquires the temperature information of the light source 21 from the detection voltage Vk, and acquires the opening / closing information of the cover 4 depending on whether or not the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr. Specifically, when the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the detection voltage Vk indicates the detection result of the thermal sensor 22 and that the cover 4 is closed. Then, the microcomputer 153 compares the detection voltage Vk with a threshold value and determines whether or not the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state. On the other hand, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is in the open state when the detection voltage Vk is lower than the temperature detection range Tr. Then, the microcomputer 153 stops the power supply to the light source 21.

  Next, an operation example of the lighting device according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to waveform diagrams shown in FIGS. FIG. 3A shows the resistance value r <b> 22 of the thermal sensor 22. FIG. 3B shows the detection voltage Vk. FIG. 3C shows the open / closed state of the contact 31. FIG. 3D shows the LED current Io supplied to the light source 21.

  When the light source 21 is turned on, the cover 4 is opened at time t1. In addition, the temperature of the light source 21 (thermal sensor 22) at this time is set to 50 ° C. When the cover 4 is opened, the contact 31 is closed, and the detection voltage Vk changes from 2.45 V in the temperature detection range Tr to 1.12 V outside the temperature detection range Tr. Thereby, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is in the open state. Then, the microcomputer 153 sets the LED current Io supplied to the light source 21 to zero and turns off the light source 21. In addition, when the light source 21 is turned off, the temperature of the light source 21 gradually decreases, and the resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22 gradually increases. In addition, the microcomputer 153 notifies the external host control device that the cover 4 is in an open state by using communication means (DALI communication or the like). The capacitor C1 delays the change in the detection voltage Vk, but there is no problem because the time constant is about several ms.

  At time t2, the cover 4 is closed. However, in this embodiment, even if the cover 4 is closed, the microcomputer 153 continues to stop the power supply to the light source 21. Then, when the power is turned on again, the light source 21 is turned on. Thereby, safety is further ensured.

  Thus, in the present embodiment, the temperature information of the light source 21 and the opening / closing information of the cover 4 are indicated by one signal (detection voltage Vk). Therefore, the wiring from the thermal sensor 22 to the microcomputer 153 and the wiring from the switch module 3 to the microcomputer 153 can be combined to simplify the wiring.

  Further, when the wiring W2 between the sensor connection terminal portion 172 and the sensor connection terminal portion 232 is short-circuited, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 becomes zero, and the detection voltage Vk becomes 0.83V. Further, when the wiring W2 between the sensor connection terminal portion 172 and the sensor connection terminal portion 232 is disconnected or the wiring W2 is disconnected from the sensor connection terminal portions 172 and 232, the impedance between the sensor connection terminal portions 172 becomes ∞, and the detection voltage Vk becomes 5V. Therefore, when the detected voltage Vk is 0.83 V or 5 V outside the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 are short-circuited or opened, and supplies power to the light source 21. May be configured to stop.

  In this embodiment, the thermal sensor 22 is composed of the thermistor NTC1 having a characteristic that the resistance value r22 decreases as the temperature rises. However, the thermistor NTC1 has a characteristic that the resistance value increases as the temperature rises. It may be configured.

  The switch module 3 is not limited to an interlock switch. The switch module 3 may be configured by a manual switch such as a pull switch, and the light source 21 may be controlled to be dimmed and extinguished when the manual switch is operated.

  Moreover, the light emitting element which comprises the light source 21 is not limited to LED element Ld1, You may comprise the light source 21 with an organic EL element.

  In the present embodiment, the thermal sensor 22 and the switch module 3 are connected in parallel between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. However, as shown in FIG. 4, the thermal sensor 22 and the switch module 3 may be connected in series between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. In this case, the switch module 3 includes a contact 31a and a displacement body 32. The contact 31a is closed when the cover 4 is closed, and is opened when the cover 4 is open.

  When the cover 4 is in the closed state (the contact 31a is in the closed state), the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 becomes the resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk continuously changes within the temperature detection range Tr (1.29 V to 4.76 V) according to the temperature of the light source 21.

  On the other hand, when the cover 4 is in the open state (the contact 31a is in the open state), the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is ∞. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk is 5 V outside the temperature detection range Tr.

  Therefore, when the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the detection voltage Vk indicates the detection result of the thermal sensor 22 and that the cover 4 is in the closed state. Then, the microcomputer 153 compares the detection voltage Vk with a threshold value and determines whether or not the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state. On the other hand, when the detection voltage Vk is 5 V higher than the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is in the open state. Then, the microcomputer 153 stops the power supply to the light source 21.

  Thus, by connecting the thermal sensor 22 and the switch module 3 in series between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172, the change in impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 due to opening and closing of the contact 31a becomes large. That is, when the cover 4 is opened, the detection voltage Vk greatly deviates from the temperature detection range Tr, so that the open / close state of the cover 4 can be easily determined.

  Note that a resistor or a capacitor may be connected in parallel with the contact 31a to prevent chattering of the contact 31a.

  In the present embodiment, the microcomputer 153 determines whether the cover 4 is open or closed based on whether or not the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr, and when the detection voltage Vk is outside the temperature detection range Tr. It is determined that the cover 4 is in the open state. As described above, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal 172 continuously changes according to the temperature of the thermal sensor 22 when the cover 4 is in the closed state. On the other hand, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal 172 changes suddenly when the cover 4 is opened. Therefore, the microcomputer 153 may determine that the cover 4 is in the open state when the detection voltage Vk changes discontinuously. For example, the microcomputer 153 repeats the detection of the detection voltage Vk at a predetermined interval, and when the amount of change of the detection voltage Vk per unit time exceeds a threshold value, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is open, and the light source 21 The power supply to is stopped.

  The sensor connection terminal portion 172 is configured with terminals constituting the connector 17, but is not limited thereto, and may be configured with connection points between circuit elements and wiring or conductors on the mounting substrate. Good.

(Embodiment 2)
FIG. 5 shows a circuit configuration diagram of the lighting device of the present embodiment, and FIG. 6 shows a schematic configuration diagram thereof. The lighting device according to the present embodiment includes a human sensor 25 instead of the switch module 3 of the lighting device according to the first embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the structure similar to Embodiment 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The lighting device according to this embodiment includes a power supply module 1 and a light emitting module 2. The light emitting module 2 includes a human sensor 25 in addition to the configuration of the first embodiment.

  The human sensor 25 (second detection unit) detects whether or not a person enters the human detection range. That is, the human sensor 25 detects a state where the person enters the human detection range (second state) and a state where the person does not enter the human detection range (first state). The human sensor 25 includes a human detection unit 251 for detecting a person, a photocoupler 252, a switching element Q1, resistors R5 and R6, and a capacitor C2.

  A series circuit of a resistor R5, a resistor R6, and a capacitor C2 is connected to the light source 21 in parallel. The human detection unit 251 uses a part of the output power of the step-down chopper circuit 14 as a power source, and the human detection unit 251 is connected to both ends of the capacitor C2, so that DC power is supplied and driven. The human detection unit 251 has a current consumption of about 1 mA, and can be used to discharge the output capacitor of the lighting circuit 1a when the light source 21 is turned off.

  A series circuit of the diode D1 of the photocoupler 252 and the switching element Q1 is connected in parallel with the series circuit of the resistor R6 and the capacitor C2. The switching element Q1 is configured by an NPN transistor, and the base is connected to the human detection unit 251. Then, when a person enters the human detection range, the human detection unit 251 generates a plurality of pulses in the signal output to the switching element Q1. With this pulse, the switching element Q1 is turned on a plurality of times.

  When the switching element Q1 is turned on, a current flows through the diode D1 of the photocoupler 252, and the switching element Q2 (second impedance element, contact) of the photocoupler 252 is turned on. The switching element Q2 is connected in parallel with the thermal sensor 22. That is, the switching element Q2 and the thermal sensor 22 are connected in parallel between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172.

  Therefore, when the switching element Q1 is turned on and the switching element Q2 of the photocoupler 252 is turned on, the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 are short-circuited, and the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 becomes zero. On the other hand, when the switching element Q2 is off, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 becomes the resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22.

  An operation example of the lighting device according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to waveform diagrams shown in FIGS. FIG. 7A shows the resistance value r <b> 22 of the thermal sensor 22. FIG. 7B shows an output signal of the human detection unit 251. FIG. 7C shows the detection voltage. FIG. 7D shows the LED current Io supplied to the light source 21.

  When the light source 21 is turned off, a person enters the human detection range at time t11. The human detection unit 251 detects that a person has entered the human detection range, and generates three pulses in the output signal to the switching element Q1. With this pulse, the switching elements Q1 and Q2 are turned on, and the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 becomes zero. Thereby, the detection voltage input to the microcomputer 153 is reduced to 0.83 V outside the temperature detection range Tr.

  When the microcomputer 153 detects that the detection voltage Vk falls three times outside the temperature detection range Tr (1.29V to 4.76V) three times, it determines that a person has entered the detection range (time t2). Then, the microcomputer 153 starts driving the PFC control circuit 151 and the step-down chopper control circuit 152, starts supplying power to the light source 21, and turns on the light source 21.

  Thus, in this embodiment, the temperature information of the light source 21 and the human detection information of the human sensor 25 are indicated by one signal (detection voltage Vk). Therefore, the wiring from the thermal sensor 22 to the microcomputer 153 and the wiring from the human sensor 25 to the microcomputer 153 can be combined to simplify the wiring.

  Note that, when the microcomputer 153 calculates the temperature of the light source 21 using the detection voltage Vk reduced by the pulse during human detection, an error occurs in the calculation result. Therefore, the microcomputer 153 can reduce the error in the temperature calculation result of the light source 21 due to the pulse by increasing the number of A / D conversions of the detection voltage Vk and calculating the average value of the detection voltage Vk. Further, the microcomputer 153 may prevent an error in the temperature calculation result of the light source 21 by stopping the temperature calculation of the light source 21 for a certain period when a pulse is generated.

  In the present embodiment, the human sensor 25 has been described, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, an optical sensor that detects the brightness of the detection range or a wireless communication module that receives a wireless signal from a remote controller may be used instead of the human sensor 25.

  Moreover, it is good also as a structure provided with both the human sensor 25 mentioned above and the switch module 3 demonstrated in Embodiment 1. FIG. FIG. 8 shows a circuit configuration diagram of a lighting device including the human sensor 25 and the switch module 3 described with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 8, a series circuit of the contact 31 a of the switch module 3 and the heat sensor 32 is connected between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172. A switching element Q2 of the photocoupler 252 is provided in parallel with the thermal sensor 32.

  When the cover 4 is closed (contact 31a is closed) and the human sensor 25 is not detecting the entrance of a person (the switching element Q2 is off), the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is: The resistance value r22 of the thermal sensor 22 is obtained. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk at this time changes continuously within the temperature detection range Tr (1.29 V to 4.76 V) according to the temperature of the light source 21.

  On the other hand, when the cover 4 is closed (the contact 31a is closed) and the human sensor 25 detects the entrance of a person, the switching element Q2 is turned on when a pulse is generated. The impedance between them becomes zero. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk at this time is 0.83 V outside the temperature detection range Tr.

  On the other hand, when the cover 4 is in the open state (the contact 31a is in the open state), the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 is ∞. Therefore, the detection voltage Vk at this time is 5 V outside the temperature detection range Tr.

  Therefore, when the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is in the closed state. Further, the microcomputer 153 determines that there is no person entering the human detection range, and continues to turn on or turn off the light source 21. Further, the microcomputer 153 determines that the detection voltage Vk indicates the detection result of the thermal sensor 22, and compares the detection voltage Vk with a threshold value to determine whether or not the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state.

  On the other hand, when the detection voltage Vk is 5 V outside the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the cover 4 is in an open state, and stops the power supply to the light source 21.

  Further, when the microcomputer 153 detects that the detection voltage Vk falls to 0.83 V outside the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that a person has entered the human detection range, and when the light source 21 is turned off, 21 is turned on.

  Thus, the temperature information of the light source 21, the opening / closing information of the cover 4, and the human detection information are represented by one signal (detection voltage Vk). Therefore, the wiring from the thermal sensor 22 to the microcomputer 153, the wiring from the switch module 3 to the microcomputer 153, and the wiring from the human sensor 25 to the microcomputer 153 can be combined to simplify the wiring.

  In the configuration shown in FIG. 8, the human detection information of the human sensor 25 is displayed only when the priority of the switch module 3 among the switch module 3 and the human sensor 25 is high and the contact 31 a is in the closed state. It can be transmitted to the microcomputer 153. In addition, the priority of the human sensor 25 can be raised by switching the connection between the switch module 3 and the human sensor 25.

  In the present embodiment, the microcomputer 153 determines that a person has entered the human detection range when the detection voltage Vk detects a fall outside the temperature detection range Tr. As described above, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal 172 continuously changes according to the temperature of the thermal sensor 22 when the human sensor 25 does not detect a person (and the cover 4 is closed). . On the other hand, the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal 172 changes suddenly when the human sensor 25 detects a person. Therefore, the microcomputer 153 may determine that a person has entered the human detection range when the detection voltage Vk changes discontinuously. For example, the microcomputer 153 repeatedly detects the detection voltage Vk at a predetermined interval, and determines that a person has entered the human detection range when the amount of change in the detection voltage Vk exceeds a threshold value three times within a predetermined period. Configure as follows.

(Embodiment 3)
FIG. 9 shows a circuit configuration diagram of the lighting device of the present embodiment, and FIG. 10 shows a schematic configuration diagram thereof. The lighting device of this embodiment is characterized by including two thermal sensors. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the structure similar to Embodiment 1, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The light emitting efficiency of the LED element Ld1 constituting the light source 21 decreases as the temperature increases. Therefore, the lighting device of the present embodiment includes a fan 6 that cools the light source 21 by blowing air. However, the motor constituting the fan 6 may generate heat due to its life. Therefore, in the lighting device of the present embodiment, the fan 6 is provided with a heat sensor 5 that detects the temperature of the fan 6.

  The thermal sensor 5 (second detection unit) includes a thermistor NTC2 (second impedance element) whose resistance value decreases as the temperature rises. The heat sensor 5 is provided in the motor of the fan 6 and detects the temperature of the fan 6. The thermal sensor 5 includes a sensor connection terminal portion 51. The sensor connection terminal portion 51 is composed of a pair of terminals to which both ends of the thermistor NTC2 are connected. Further, the sensor connection terminal portion 51 is connected to the sensor connection terminal portion 26 of the light emitting module 2 through the wiring W4. The sensor connection terminal portion 26 is composed of a pair of terminals connected to both ends of the thermal sensor 22. Therefore, the thermal sensor 22 and the thermal sensor 5 are connected in parallel between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172.

  Here, the thermistor NTC2 constituting the thermal sensor 5 has a characteristic that the resistance value changes drastically and greatly with a predetermined threshold temperature as a boundary. The resistance value of the thermal sensor 5 is relatively large (≈∞) in a state where the temperature is lower than a predetermined threshold temperature (first state), and is relatively high in a state where the temperature is higher than a predetermined threshold temperature (second state). Smaller (≈zero). Therefore, when the temperature of the fan 6 exceeds the threshold temperature, the resistance value of the thermal sensor 5 rapidly decreases, and the impedance between the terminals of the sensor connection terminal portion 172 decreases rapidly.

  Further, the temperature detection range Tr of the present embodiment is set to a range in which the detection voltage Vk changes according to the temperature of the light source 21 in a state where the temperature of the fan 6 is lower than the threshold temperature.

  Similarly to the first embodiment, when the detection voltage Vk is within the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 indicates the detection result of the thermal sensor 22 and the temperature of the fan 6 is higher than the threshold temperature. It is determined that the normal state is low. Then, the microcomputer 153 compares the detection voltage Vk with a threshold value and determines whether or not the light source 21 is in an abnormal temperature state. On the other hand, when the detection voltage Vk is lower than the temperature detection range Tr, the microcomputer 153 determines that the temperature of the fan 6 is in a temperature abnormal state that is higher than the threshold temperature. Then, the microcomputer 153 stops the power supply to the light source 21.

  Thus, the temperature information of the light source 21 and the temperature information of the fan 6 are indicated by one signal (detection voltage Vk). Therefore, the wiring from the heat sensor 22 to the microcomputer 153 and the wiring from the heat sensor 5 to the microcomputer 153 can be combined to simplify the wiring.

  Moreover, in this embodiment, by providing the two thermal sensors 22 and 5, the temperature detection part increases and safety can be improved.

  In the present embodiment, the thermal sensor 5 is composed of the thermistor NTC2 having a characteristic that the resistance value decreases as the temperature rises. However, the present invention is not limited to this. The heat sensor 5 may be a thermistor having a characteristic that the resistance value increases as the temperature rises, and may be configured to be connected in series to the heat sensor 22.

  Further, the place where the heat sensor 5 is provided is not limited to the fan 6. For example, the thermal sensor 5 may be provided so as to detect the heat radiation fins of the light source 21 and the temperature of the power supply module 1.

(Embodiment 4)
The external view of the lighting fixture 7 of this embodiment is shown in FIG. 11, FIG.

  The lighting fixture 7 of this embodiment is configured by any one of the lighting devices of Embodiments 1 to 3, a light source 21 that is supplied with power from the lighting device, and a fixture body 8 to which the lighting device and the light source 21 are attached. The The appliance main body 8 includes a housing 81 that houses the power supply module 1 (and the switch module 3), and a lamp 82 in which the light emitting module 2 is attached to a socket (not shown). The housing 81 and the lamp 82 are connected by the wiring 9, the power supply module 1 and the light emitting module 2 are electrically connected, and the light source 21 is turned on.

  FIG. 11 shows a tracklight-compatible lighting fixture 7 using the light emitting module 2 as a spotlight. Moreover, FIG. 12 is the lighting fixture 7 which used the light emitting module 2 for the downlight.

  Since the lighting fixture 7 of this embodiment is provided with the lighting device in any one of Embodiment 1 thru | or 3, wiring can be simplified.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Power supply module 1a Lighting circuit 15 Control circuit 153 Microcomputer 172 Sensor connection terminal part (connection terminal)
2 Light emitting module 21 Light source 22 Thermal sensor (first detection unit, first impedance element)
3 Switch module (second detector, second impedance element)
31 Contact Ld1 LED element (light emitting element)

Claims (8)

  1. A lighting circuit for supplying power to a light source comprising a light emitting element;
    A first detector having a first impedance element provided in the light source, the impedance of which varies continuously according to the temperature of the light source;
    A second detection unit having a second impedance element in which the impedance is switched to one of two values according to the state of the detection target that changes to the first state or the second state;
    A pair of connection terminals to which the first detection unit and the second detection unit are connected;
    A control circuit for controlling the lighting circuit based on an impedance between the connection terminals or a voltage value between the connection terminals, which is composed of a combined impedance of the first impedance element and the second impedance element,
    When the detection target is in the first state, the impedance between the connection terminals and the voltage value between the connection terminals continuously change within a predetermined range, and the detection target is in the second state. If it changes outside the predetermined range,
    When the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is within the predetermined range, the control circuit, based on the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals, When the output is increased or decreased and the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is out of the predetermined range or changes discontinuously, it is determined that the detection target is in the second state. A lighting device characterized by that.
  2.   The second impedance element is connected in parallel to the first impedance element between the connection terminals, and is configured by a contact that conducts or cuts off both ends of the first impedance element, and the detection target is the second When the first impedance element is changed to the state of the first impedance element, the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is changed outside the predetermined range by conducting between both ends of the first impedance element. Item 2. The lighting device according to item 1.
  3.   The second impedance element is connected in series to the first impedance element between the connection terminals, and is configured by a contact that conducts or cuts off between the connection terminals, and the detection target changes to the second state. The lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is changed outside the predetermined range by blocking between the connection terminals.
  4.   The said 2nd detection part is comprised with the switch which has the displacement body displaced by the effect | action of the said detection target, and the said contact which conduct | electrically_connects or interrupts | blocks when the displacement body displaces. Or the lighting device of 3.
  5.   The second detection unit is configured by a human sensor having a human detection unit that detects the presence or absence of a person in the detection range, and the contact point that conducts or blocks based on a detection result of the human detection unit. The lighting device according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that
  6.   The control circuit controls the output power of the lighting circuit when the impedance between the connection terminals or the voltage value between the connection terminals is out of the predetermined range or changes discontinuously. The lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
  7.   The lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the control circuit outputs state information of the detection target to the outside.
  8. The lighting device according to any one of claims 1 to 7,
    A light source comprising a light-emitting element and powered by the lighting device;
    A lighting fixture comprising: a lighting device and a fixture main body to which the light source is attached.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016213028A (en) * 2015-05-07 2016-12-15 岩崎電気株式会社 LED module

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JPH11283758A (en) * 1998-03-27 1999-10-15 Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corp Lighting control system
JP2003178602A (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-06-27 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Lighting system
JP2003188415A (en) * 2001-12-18 2003-07-04 Asahi Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Led lighting device
JP2011113643A (en) * 2009-11-24 2011-06-09 Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd Lighting device, lighting device for high-brightness discharge lamp, lighting device for semiconductor light source, and headlamp equipped therewith, and vehicle
JP2012160277A (en) * 2011-01-31 2012-08-23 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Semiconductor optical source lighting circuit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1997029320A1 (en) * 1996-02-09 1997-08-14 Aktiiviaudio Oy Flight obstacle light
JPH11283758A (en) * 1998-03-27 1999-10-15 Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corp Lighting control system
JP2003178602A (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-06-27 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Lighting system
JP2003188415A (en) * 2001-12-18 2003-07-04 Asahi Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Led lighting device
JP2011113643A (en) * 2009-11-24 2011-06-09 Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd Lighting device, lighting device for high-brightness discharge lamp, lighting device for semiconductor light source, and headlamp equipped therewith, and vehicle
JP2012160277A (en) * 2011-01-31 2012-08-23 Koito Mfg Co Ltd Semiconductor optical source lighting circuit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016213028A (en) * 2015-05-07 2016-12-15 岩崎電気株式会社 LED module

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