JP2014094755A - Wing body packing method and wing body packing set - Google Patents

Wing body packing method and wing body packing set Download PDF

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JP2014094755A
JP2014094755A JP2012246098A JP2012246098A JP2014094755A JP 2014094755 A JP2014094755 A JP 2014094755A JP 2012246098 A JP2012246098 A JP 2012246098A JP 2012246098 A JP2012246098 A JP 2012246098A JP 2014094755 A JP2014094755 A JP 2014094755A
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wing
cover
edge
packing
edge cover
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JP6116193B2 (en
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Yoshiya Fukuhara
義也 福原
Yoshikazu Takemura
好和 竹村
Akira Ueda
暁 上田
Akiyuki Watanabe
晃行 渡辺
Koji Nishimori
康二 西森
Kazuya Hitokuma
和哉 仁熊
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Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd
三菱重工業株式会社
Hoden Seimitsu Kako Kenkyusho Ltd
株式会社放電精密加工研究所
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a wing body packing method and a wing body packing set, which enable a wing body to be rapidly and inexpensively packed with proper workability.SOLUTION: In a wing body packing method of the present invention, a front edge of a wing body is detachably covered with a recess of a front edge cover member; a back edge of the wing body is detachably covered with a recess of a back edge cover member; and a tip of the wing body and wing surfaces on both sides are detachably covered with the whole cover member. This makes it unnecessary to preform urethane assuming a dedicated special shape corresponding to each of front, rear, right, left, upper and lower shapes of the wing body, so as to elastically hold the wing body, and also makes it unnecessary to manually pack the wing bodies with a bubble cushioning material on a one-by-one basis.

Description

この発明は、圧縮機やガスタービンなどの動翼や静翼として使用される翼体を梱包する、翼体梱包方法および翼体梱包セットに関するものである。   The present invention relates to a blade body packing method and a blade body packing set for packing a blade body used as a moving blade or a stationary blade of a compressor or a gas turbine.
圧縮機やガスタービンなどの動翼や静翼として使用されている翼体は、その搬送に際して、専用の翼体収容容器を用いている。翼体収容容器は、たとえば、翼体に対応した直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間を有し、翼体は、これら翼体収容空間に個々に収容される。これら翼体収容空間は、一般には翼体隔壁で区画されている。   A blade body used as a moving blade or a stationary blade of a compressor, a gas turbine, or the like uses a dedicated blade body container for its transportation. The wing body accommodation container has, for example, a plurality of cuboid-like wing body accommodation spaces corresponding to the wing bodies, and the wing bodies are individually accommodated in these wing body accommodation spaces. These wing body accommodation spaces are generally partitioned by wing body partition walls.
しかしながら、翼体を翼体収容空間に単純に収容した場合、翼体と翼体隔壁との間に間隙が生じる。このような状態で翼体収容容器を移送すると、たとえば、振動などにより翼体が翼体隔壁に衝突して損傷することがある。   However, when the wing body is simply accommodated in the wing body accommodating space, a gap is generated between the wing body and the wing body partition. When the wing body container is transferred in such a state, the wing body may collide with the wing body partition wall due to vibration or the like, and may be damaged.
そこで、翼体と翼体隔壁との間隙に、複数の弾性体であるウレタンを配置し、翼体を弾性的に保持する提案がある(たとえば、特許文献1参照)。   In view of this, there has been a proposal for elastically holding the wing body by arranging urethane, which is a plurality of elastic bodies, in the gap between the wing body and the wing body partition (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
特開2011−162207号公報JP 2011-162207 A
特許文献1の翼体梱包方法では、翼体と翼体収容空間との前後左右上下の多数の間隙に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておき、それを各々に専用の位置に配置する。   In the wing body packing method disclosed in Patent Document 1, a special urethane having a special shape corresponding to each of a large number of gaps between the wing body and the wing body housing space is formed in advance. Place at the position.
しかしながら、上述のように特殊形状のウレタンを大量生産することは、その製造コストが多大となる。さらには、このような各種形状のウレタンを、各々専用の位置に手作業で配置するため、その作業性も劣悪で多大な作業時間を要している。   However, mass production of specially shaped urethane as described above increases the manufacturing cost. Furthermore, since such various shapes of urethane are manually arranged at dedicated positions, the workability is poor and a great amount of work time is required.
このようなことを解決するため、現在の実際の現場では、翼体を気泡緩衝材により梱包して翼体収容容器に収容している。しかしながら、この場合でも、翼体を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要があるため、その作業性は良好ではなく、作業時間も多分に要している。   In order to solve such a problem, at the actual actual site, the wing body is packed with a bubble cushioning material and accommodated in the wing body accommodating container. However, even in this case, since it is necessary to manually pack the wing bodies one by one with the bubble cushioning material, the workability is not good, and the work time is also long.
また、気泡緩衝材は粘着テープで固定することになるが、耐久性がないため、数回から一回で使用不能となる。このため、やはり上述のような翼体梱包方法でも、多分にコストを要している。   In addition, the bubble cushioning material is fixed with an adhesive tape, but since it is not durable, it cannot be used several times to once. For this reason, the wing body packing method as described above still requires a lot of cost.
本発明は上述のような課題に鑑みてなされたものであり、作業性が良好で迅速かつ低コストに翼体を梱包することができる、翼体梱包方法および翼体梱包セット、を提供するものである。   The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems, and provides a wing body packing method and a wing body packing set that can pack a wing body quickly and inexpensively with good workability. It is.
上述のような課題を解決するため、本発明の翼体梱包方法は、翼体を梱包する翼体梱包方法であって、前記翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーする前縁カバーステップと、前記翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーする後縁カバーステップと、前記翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする全体カバーステップと、を有している。   In order to solve the above-described problems, a wing body packing method according to the present invention is a wing body packing method for packing a wing body, and the front edge of the wing body is detachably covered by a recess of a front edge cover member. A front edge cover step, a rear edge cover step for detachably covering the rear edge of the wing body with a recess of a rear edge cover member, and a wing surface on the tip and both sides of the wing body can be detachably attached to the entire cover member. And an overall cover step for covering.
本発明の翼体梱包方法では、前縁カバーステップにおいて、翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、後縁カバーステップにおいて、翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、全体カバーステップにおいて、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする。   In the wing body packing method of the present invention, in the front edge cover step, the front edge of the wing body is detachably covered with the recess of the front edge cover member, and in the rear edge cover step, the rear edge of the wing body is rear edge cover member. In the whole cover step, the tip of the wing body and the blade surfaces on both sides are detachably covered with the whole cover member.
この翼体梱包方法によると、翼体を弾性保持するために、その前後左右上下の形状に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておくような必要がなく、翼体を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要もない。   According to this wing body packing method, in order to elastically hold the wing body, it is not necessary to form a special special-shaped urethane in advance corresponding to the front, rear, left, right, top and bottom shapes. There is no need to manually pack one by one with bubble cushioning material.
また、翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材は、さらに形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される長尺状の廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   In addition, the entire cover member covering the tip of the wing body and the wing surfaces on both sides is simpler in shape and can be easily mass-produced. For example, a long waste material that is discarded when manufacturing machine products such as automobiles. Urethane can also be used.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、少なくとも前記前縁および前記後縁をカバーした前記前縁カバー部材および前記後縁カバー部材を前記翼体にカバー締結部材で締結するカバー締結ステップを、さらに有している。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, cover fastening for fastening at least the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member covering the front edge and the rear edge to the wing body with a cover fastening member. It further has a step.
したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、さらに追加されたカバー締結ステップにおいて、少なくとも翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、カバー締結部材で固定することができる。   Therefore, in this wing body packing method, in the additional cover fastening step, at least the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body are fixed by the cover fastening member. Can do.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、カバー締結ステップが実行されてから全体カバーステップが実行される。したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、翼体の前縁および後縁に前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を固定してから、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーすることになる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the entire cover step is executed after the cover fastening step is executed. Therefore, in this wing body packing method, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are fixed to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body, and then the tip and both wing surfaces of the wing body can be freely attached and detached with the entire cover member. Will cover.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の前記翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する翼体収容ステップを、さらに有している。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, a plurality of the wing bodies respectively covered with the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member are provided as a wing body housing member. And a blade housing step for individually housing the blades in the plurality of blade housing spaces.
したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、さらに追加される翼体収容ステップにおいて、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容することができる。   Therefore, in this wing body packing method, in the additional wing body housing step, a plurality of wing bodies respectively covered with the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member, Can be individually accommodated in the plurality of wing body accommodating spaces.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、が弾性体からなる。したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、翼体の、前縁、後縁、先端、および、両側の翼面、を弾性体でカバーすることができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member are made of an elastic body. Therefore, in this wing body packing method, the front edge, the rear edge, the tip, and the wing surfaces on both sides of the wing body can be covered with the elastic body.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、前記カバー締結部材が弾性的に伸縮自在である。したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、弾性的に伸縮自在なカバー締結部材で弾性的に固定することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the cover fastening member is elastically stretchable. Therefore, in this wing body packing method, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body can be elastically fixed by the elastically extendable cover fastening member. it can.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、前記カバー締結部材が環状に形成されている。したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、たとえば、弾性的に伸縮自在で環状のカバー締結部材を手作業で拡大した状態で、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が装着されている翼体の周囲に上方から配置して解放すれば、環状のカバー締結部材は弾性的に収縮し、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に弾性的に固定することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the cover fastening member is formed in an annular shape. Therefore, in this wing body packing method, for example, in the state in which the elastic cover member and the cover cover member that is elastically stretchable are manually expanded, the wing body is mounted around the wing body to which the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are attached. If it is disposed and released from above, the annular cover fastening member is elastically contracted, and the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member can be elastically fixed to the wing body.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、前記カバー締結部材が緊縮・弛緩自在に調整可能な結束バンドからなる。したがって、この翼体梱包方法では、たとえば、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が装着されている翼体を、結束バンドからなるカバー締結部材で包囲して結束するだけで、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に固定することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the cover fastening member comprises a binding band that can be adjusted tightly and loosely. Therefore, in this wing body packing method, for example, the wing body to which the leading edge cover member and the trailing edge cover member are attached is surrounded and bound by the cover fastening member made of a binding band, and the leading edge cover member and The trailing edge cover member can be fixed to the wing body.
前述のような課題を解決するため、本発明の翼体梱包セットは、翼体を梱包する翼体梱包セットであって、着脱自在にカバーする前記翼体の前縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材と、着脱自在にカバーする前記翼体の後縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材と、前記翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材と、を有している。   In order to solve the problems as described above, the wing body packing set of the present invention is a wing body packing set for packing a wing body, and a recess is formed in which a front edge of the wing body is detachably covered. A front edge cover member, a rear edge cover member in which a recessed portion into which a rear edge of the wing body is detachably inserted is formed, and an entire surface covering the tip and both wing surfaces of the wing body And a cover member.
したがって、この翼体梱包セットでは、従来と同様に、翼体の梱包に利用される。ただし、本発明の翼体梱包セットでは、翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする。   Therefore, this wing body packing set is used for packing the wing body as in the prior art. However, in the wing body packing set of the present invention, the front edge of the wing body is detachably covered with the recess of the front edge cover member, and the rear edge of the wing body is detachably covered with the recess of the rear edge cover member. The tip of the body and the wing surfaces on both sides are detachably covered with the entire cover member.
このため、翼体を弾性保持するために、その前後左右上下の形状に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておくような必要がなく、翼体を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要もない。   For this reason, there is no need to pre-form specially-shaped urethanes corresponding to the front, rear, left, right, top and bottom shapes in order to hold the wings elastically. This eliminates the need for manual packaging.
また、翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材は、さらに形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   In addition, the entire cover member that covers the tip of the wing body and the wing surfaces on both sides is simpler in shape and can be easily mass-produced. For example, waste urethane that is discarded when manufacturing machinery products such as automobiles is used. You can also
上述のような翼体梱包セットにおいて、さらなる発明としては、少なくとも前記前縁および前記後縁をカバーした前記前縁カバー部材および前記後縁カバー部材を前記翼体に締結するカバー締結部材を、さらに有している。したがって、この翼体梱包セットでは、少なくとも翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、カバー締結部材で固定することができる。   In the wing body packing set as described above, as a further invention, there is further provided a cover fastening member for fastening the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member covering at least the front edge and the rear edge to the wing body, Have. Therefore, in this wing body packing set, at least the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body can be fixed by the cover fastening member.
上述のような翼体梱包セットにおいて、さらなる発明としては、前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の前記翼体を、複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する翼体収容部材を、さらに有している。   In the wing body packing set as described above, as a further invention, a plurality of the wing bodies respectively covered with the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member are provided as a plurality of wing bodies. It further has a wing body accommodation member individually accommodated in the accommodation space.
したがって、この翼体梱包セットでは、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容することができる。   Therefore, in this wing body packing set, a plurality of wing bodies respectively covered with the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member are individually placed in the plurality of wing body accommodation spaces of the wing body accommodation member. Can be accommodated.
なお、本発明の翼体梱包方法は、複数のステップを順番に記載してあるが、その記載の順番は複数のステップの実行順序を限定するものではない。このため、本発明の翼体梱包方法を実施するときには、その複数のステップの順番は内容的に支障しない範囲で変更することができる。   In addition, although the wing body packing method of this invention has described several step in order, the order of the description does not limit the execution order of several step. For this reason, when implementing the wing body packing method of the present invention, the order of the plurality of steps can be changed within a range that does not hinder the contents.
さらには、本発明の翼体梱包方法は、複数のステップが個々に相違するタイミングで実行されることに限定されない。このため、あるステップの実行中に他のステップが発生すること、あるステップの実行タイミングと他のステップの実行タイミングとの一部ないし全部が重複していること、等を許容する。   Furthermore, the wing body packing method of the present invention is not limited to being executed at a timing at which a plurality of steps are individually different. For this reason, it is allowed that another step occurs during execution of a certain step, and that part or all of the execution timing of a certain step and the execution timing of another step overlap.
また、本実施の形態では鉛直方向となる上下方向だけでなく、水平方向で直交する前後方向と左右方向も規定して説明する。しかしながら、これは構成要素の相対関係を簡単に説明するために便宜的に規定するものである。したがって、本発明を実施する製品の製造時や使用時の方向を限定するものではない。   In the present embodiment, not only the vertical direction, which is the vertical direction, but also the front-rear direction and the left-right direction orthogonal to the horizontal direction are defined and described. However, this is provided for the sake of convenience in order to briefly explain the relative relationship between the components. Therefore, the direction at the time of manufacture and use of the product which implements the present invention is not limited.
さらには、本発明で云う前後左右上下の方向とは、完全に幾何学的に直交している必要はなく、相対的に前後左右上下となる方向となっていればよく、たとえば、各方向が任意の方向に傾斜していてもよい。   Furthermore, the front-rear, left-right, up-down directions in the present invention do not need to be perfectly geometrically orthogonal, and may be directions that are relatively front-rear, left-right, up-down, up-down. You may incline in arbitrary directions.
本発明の翼体梱包方法では、前縁カバーステップにおいて、翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、後縁カバーステップにおいて、翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、全体カバーステップにおいて、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする。   In the wing body packing method of the present invention, in the front edge cover step, the front edge of the wing body is detachably covered with the recess of the front edge cover member, and in the rear edge cover step, the rear edge of the wing body is rear edge cover member. In the whole cover step, the tip of the wing body and the blade surfaces on both sides are detachably covered with the whole cover member.
このため、翼体を弾性保持するために、その前後左右上下の形状に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておくような必要がなく、翼体を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要もない。   For this reason, there is no need to pre-form specially-shaped urethanes corresponding to the front, rear, left, right, top and bottom shapes in order to hold the wings elastically. This eliminates the need for manual packaging.
したがって、その作業性が良好で、作業時間を多分に短縮することができる。しかも、翼体の前縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材と、翼体の後縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材とは、形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、市販の製品を利用することもできる。   Therefore, the workability is good and the work time can be shortened to a great extent. Moreover, the front edge cover member in which the concave portion into which the front edge of the wing body is inserted is formed, and the rear edge cover member in which the concave portion into which the rear edge of the wing body is inserted is simple and easy in shape. Can be mass-produced, and commercially available products can also be used.
とくに、翼体の末端を下端として接地させた状態で、その全体をカバーすることができる。このため、このように末端を下端として接地させて梱包する必要がある大型で大重量の翼体でも、その翼体を設置した状態で全体を容易にカバーすることができる。   In particular, it is possible to cover the entirety of the wing body in a state of being grounded with the end of the wing body as the lower end. For this reason, even with a large and heavy wing body that needs to be grounded and packed with the end as the lower end in this way, the whole can be easily covered with the wing body installed.
また、翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材は、さらに形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される長尺状の廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   In addition, the entire cover member covering the tip of the wing body and the wing surfaces on both sides is simpler in shape and can be easily mass-produced. For example, a long waste material that is discarded when manufacturing machine products such as automobiles. Urethane can also be used.
したがって、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、を用意するために多大なコストを必要とせず、翼体の全体を低コストにカバーすることができる。しかも、上述のような前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、は何度も繰り返し使用することができるので、ランニングコストも低減することができる。   Accordingly, it is possible to cover the entire wing body at a low cost without preparing a large cost for preparing the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member. In addition, since the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member as described above can be used over and over again, the running cost can be reduced.
このため、本発明の翼体梱包方法は、良好な作業性で迅速かつ低コストに翼体を梱包することができる。   For this reason, the wing body packing method of the present invention can pack the wing body quickly and at low cost with good workability.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、さらに追加されたカバー締結ステップにおいて、少なくとも翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、カバー締結部材で固定する。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, in the additional cover fastening step, at least the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body are covered. Secure with fastening members.
このため、略鉛直な翼体の前縁および後縁に装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が脱落することを、カバー締結部材で防止することができる。   Therefore, the cover fastening member can prevent the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member attached to the front edge and rear edge of the substantially vertical wing body from falling off.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、翼体の前縁および後縁に前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を固定してから、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーすることになる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are fixed to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body, and then the front surface and the wing surfaces on both sides of the wing body are entirely fixed. The cover member is detachably covered.
たとえば、翼体の前縁および後縁に前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を着脱自在に装着した状態のまま、翼体を全体カバー部材でカバーしようとすると、このときに前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が脱落する可能性がある。   For example, if the wing body is covered with the entire cover member while the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are detachably attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body, the front edge cover member and The trailing edge cover member may fall off.
しかしながら、カバー締結ステップが実行されてから全体カバーステップが実行されると、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材の脱落をカバー締結部材で防止した状態で、翼体を全体カバー部材でカバーすることができる。   However, when the entire cover step is performed after the cover fastening step is performed, the wing body is covered with the entire cover member in a state where the leading edge cover member and the trailing edge cover member are prevented from falling off by the cover fastening member. Can do.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、さらに追加される翼体収容ステップにおいて、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する。このため、全体がカバーされた複数の翼体を一個の翼体収容部材に収容して移送することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, a plurality of wing bodies each covered with a front edge cover member, a rear edge cover member, and an entire cover member in a further wing body accommodation step. Are individually housed in a plurality of wing body housing spaces of the wing body housing member. For this reason, the plurality of wing bodies that are entirely covered can be accommodated in one wing body accommodating member and transferred.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、翼体の、前縁、後縁、先端、および、両側の翼面、を弾性体でカバーすることができるので、翼体の全面の損傷を良好に防止することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the front edge, the rear edge, the tip, and the wing surfaces on both sides of the wing body can be covered with an elastic body. Damage can be prevented well.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、伸縮自在なカバー締結部材で弾性的に固定することができる。このため、振動などにより翼体の前縁および後縁から前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が脱落するようなことも防止できる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body are elastically fixed by a retractable cover fastening member. can do. For this reason, it is possible to prevent the leading edge cover member and the trailing edge cover member from dropping off from the leading edge and the trailing edge of the wing body due to vibration or the like.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、たとえば、弾性的に伸縮自在で環状のカバー締結部材を手作業で拡大した状態で、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が装着されている翼体の周囲に上方から配置して解放すれば、環状のカバー締結部材は弾性的に収縮し、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に弾性的に固定することができる。このため、簡易かつ迅速に、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に弾性的に固定することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, for example, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are mounted in a state where the elastic cover member and the annular cover fastening member are manually expanded. If the wing body is disposed and released from above around the wing body, the annular cover fastening member is elastically contracted, and the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member can be elastically fixed to the wing body. For this reason, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member can be elastically fixed to the wing body simply and quickly.
上述のような翼体梱包方法において、さらなる発明としては、たとえば、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が装着されている翼体を、結束バンドからなるカバー締結部材で包囲して結束するだけで、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に固定することができる。このため、簡易かつ迅速に、前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を翼体に確実に固定することができる。   In the wing body packing method as described above, as a further invention, for example, the wing body to which the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member are attached is surrounded by a cover fastening member made of a binding band and bound. The front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member can be fixed to the wing body. For this reason, the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member can be securely fixed to the wing body simply and quickly.
前述のような課題を解決するため、本発明の翼体梱包セットは、翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーし、翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする。   In order to solve the above-described problems, the wing body packing set of the present invention covers the front edge of the wing body detachably with the recess of the front edge cover member, and the rear edge of the wing body with the recess of the rear edge cover member. And detachably cover the tip of the wing body and the wing surfaces on both sides with the entire cover member.
このため、翼体を弾性保持するために、その前後左右上下の形状に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておくような必要がなく、翼体を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要もない。   For this reason, there is no need to pre-form specially-shaped urethanes corresponding to the front, rear, left, right, top and bottom shapes in order to hold the wings elastically. This eliminates the need for manual packaging.
したがって、その作業性が良好で、作業時間を多分に短縮することができる。しかも、翼体の前縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材と、翼体の後縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材とは、形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、市販の製品を利用することもできる。   Therefore, the workability is good and the work time can be shortened to a great extent. Moreover, the front edge cover member in which the concave portion into which the front edge of the wing body is inserted is formed, and the rear edge cover member in which the concave portion into which the rear edge of the wing body is inserted is simple and easy in shape. Can be mass-produced, and commercially available products can also be used.
また、翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材は、さらに形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   In addition, the entire cover member that covers the tip of the wing body and the wing surfaces on both sides is simpler in shape and can be easily mass-produced. For example, waste urethane that is discarded when manufacturing machinery products such as automobiles is used. You can also
したがって、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、を用意するために多大なコストを必要とせず、翼体の全体を低コストにカバーすることができる。しかも、上述のような、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、は何度も繰り返し使用することができるので、ランニングコストも低減することができる。   Accordingly, it is possible to cover the entire wing body at a low cost without preparing a large cost for preparing the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member. In addition, since the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member as described above can be used over and over again, the running cost can be reduced.
このため、本発明の翼体梱包セットは、良好な作業性で迅速かつ低コストに翼体を梱包することができる。   For this reason, the wing body packing set of the present invention can pack the wing body quickly and at low cost with good workability.
上述のような翼体梱包セットにおいて、さらなる発明としては、少なくとも翼体の前縁および後縁に各々装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材を、カバー締結部材で固定する。   In the wing body packing set as described above, as a further invention, at least the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member respectively attached to the front edge and the rear edge of the wing body are fixed by the cover fastening member.
このため、略鉛直な翼体の前縁および後縁に装着された前縁カバー部材および後縁カバー部材が脱落することを、カバー締結部材で防止することができる。   Therefore, the cover fastening member can prevent the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member attached to the front edge and rear edge of the substantially vertical wing body from falling off.
上述のような翼体梱包セットにおいて、さらなる発明としては、前縁カバー部材、後縁カバー部材、および、全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する。このため、全体がカバーされた複数の翼体を一個の翼体収容部材に収容して移送することができる。   In the wing body packing set as described above, as a further invention, a plurality of wing bodies respectively covered with a front edge cover member, a rear edge cover member, and an entire cover member are used. Individually accommodated in the body accommodation space. For this reason, the plurality of wing bodies that are entirely covered can be accommodated in one wing body accommodating member and transferred.
本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の翼体収容ステップを示す模式的な分解斜視図である。It is a typical disassembled perspective view which shows the wing body accommodation step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法で梱包される翼体の外観を示す模式的な斜視図である。It is a typical perspective view which shows the external appearance of the wing body packed with the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の前縁カバーステップおよび後縁カバーステップを示す模式的な斜視図である。It is a typical perspective view which shows the front edge cover step and the rear edge cover step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法のカバー締結ステップを示す模式的な斜視図である。It is a typical perspective view which shows the cover fastening step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の全体カバーステップを示す模式的な斜視図である。It is a typical perspective view which shows the whole cover step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態における翼体梱包セットにより翼体が梱包された状態を示す模式的な縦断正面図である。It is a typical vertical front view which shows the state by which the wing body was packed by the wing body packing set in embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の形態の一変形例における翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の翼体収容ステップを示す模式的な分解斜視図である。It is a typical disassembled perspective view which shows the wing body accommodation step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set in the modification of embodiment of this invention.
つぎに、本発明の実施の一形態に関して図1ないし図6を参照して以下に説明する。なお、図1は、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の翼体収容ステップを示す模式的な分解斜視図、図2は、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法で梱包される翼体の外観を示す模式的な斜視図、図3は、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セットによる翼体梱包方法の前縁カバーステップおよび後縁カバーステップを示す模式的な斜視図、図4は、カバー締結ステップを示す模式的な斜視図、図5は、全体カバーステップを示す模式的な斜視図、図6は、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セットにより翼体が梱包された状態を示す模式的な縦断正面図、である。   Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to FIGS. FIG. 1 is a schematic exploded perspective view showing a wing body accommodation step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set of the present embodiment, and FIG. 2 is a wing body by the wing body packing set of the present embodiment. FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view showing an appearance of a wing body packed by the packing method, and FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing a leading edge cover step and a trailing edge cover step of the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set of the present embodiment. 4 is a schematic perspective view showing the cover fastening step, FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view showing the entire cover step, and FIG. 6 is a wing body by the wing body packing set of the present embodiment. It is a typical longitudinal section front view showing the state where was packed.
本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100は、図1ないし図6に示すように、翼体200の梱包に利用される。この翼体200は、図2に示すように、翼部205と翼根210とからなる。   The wing body packing set 100 of the present embodiment is used for packing the wing body 200 as shown in FIGS. 1 to 6. As shown in FIG. 2, the wing body 200 includes a wing portion 205 and a blade root 210.
翼部205は、翼根210側から翼頂220にかけて、漸次変化する捻角を持って延在している。そして、前縁230と後縁240との間の、背側に凸状に形成される負圧面260と、腹側に凹状に形成される正圧面250と、を備えている。   The wing portion 205 extends from the blade root 210 side to the blade top 220 with a gradually changing twist angle. And the negative pressure surface 260 formed in the convex shape on the back side between the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240 and the positive pressure surface 250 formed in a concave shape on the ventral side are provided.
本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100は、図1などに示すように、前縁カバー部材110と、後縁カバー部材120と、カバー締結部材130と、全体カバー部材140と、翼体収容部材150と、を有している。   As shown in FIG. 1 and the like, the wing body packing set 100 of the present embodiment includes a front edge cover member 110, a rear edge cover member 120, a cover fastening member 130, an entire cover member 140, and a wing body housing member. 150.
より詳細には、前縁カバー部材110は、図3ないし図6などに示すように、横断平面形状が略U字状の長尺ウレタンからなる。具体的には、翼体200における翼高Hと略同一の長さを有すると共に、長手方向に直交する平面で切ったときの断面形状が略U字状の凹部111を有する。この凹部111を形成する両端のウレタンにより先端220の前縁側端部221が含まれるように前縁230を挟持することで、前縁230を着脱自在にカバーすることができるようになっている。   More specifically, as shown in FIGS. 3 to 6 and the like, the front edge cover member 110 is made of long urethane whose transverse plane shape is substantially U-shaped. Specifically, it has a recess 111 having a substantially the same length as the blade height H in the blade body 200 and having a substantially U-shaped cross section when cut by a plane orthogonal to the longitudinal direction. The front edge 230 can be detachably covered by sandwiching the front edge 230 so that the front edge side end 221 of the front end 220 is included by urethane at both ends forming the recess 111.
後縁カバー部材120も前縁カバー部材110と同様な構成とされる。すなわち、後縁カバー部材120も、横断平面形状が略U字状の長尺ウレタンからなり、翼体200における翼高Hと略同一の長さを有すると共に、長手方向に直交する平面で切ったときの断面形状が略U字状の凹部121を有する。この凹部121を形成する両端のウレタンにより先端220の後縁側端部222が含まれるように後縁240を挟持することで、後縁240を着脱自在にカバーすることができるようになっている。   The rear edge cover member 120 is configured similarly to the front edge cover member 110. That is, the trailing edge cover member 120 is also made of a long urethane whose transverse plane shape is substantially U-shaped, has substantially the same length as the blade height H in the wing body 200, and is cut by a plane orthogonal to the longitudinal direction. The concave section 121 has a substantially U-shaped cross section. The rear edge 240 can be detachably covered by sandwiching the rear edge 240 so that the rear edge side end portion 222 of the front end 220 is included by urethane at both ends forming the concave portion 121.
カバー締結部材130は、カバー締結部材130は、弾性的に伸縮自在な環状に形成された、いわゆる市販の輪ゴムからなり、図4ないし図6などに示すように、上述のように前縁230および後縁240をカバーした前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を、翼体200に締結する。   The cover fastening member 130 is made of a so-called commercially available rubber band formed in an elastically stretchable annular shape. As shown in FIGS. 4 to 6, the front edge 230 and the cover fastening member 130 are formed as described above. The leading edge cover member 110 and the trailing edge cover member 120 that cover the trailing edge 240 are fastened to the wing body 200.
全体カバー部材140は、図5および図6などに示すように、細長形状のシート状に形成されており、翼体200の、先端220、一方の翼面である正圧面250、および、他方の翼面である負圧面260、を着脱自在にカバーする。   As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the entire cover member 140 is formed in an elongated sheet shape, and includes a tip 220 of the wing body 200, a positive pressure surface 250 as one wing surface, and the other wing surface. The suction surface 260, which is the blade surface, is detachably covered.
翼体収容部材150は、図1に示すように、収容部材ベース151と、収容部材カバー152と、を有している。収容部材ベース151は、平板状の翼体保持底板153を有しており、この翼体保持底板153の略水平な上面に、やはり平板状の翼体隔壁154,155が前後左右に立設されている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the wing body housing member 150 includes a housing member base 151 and a housing member cover 152. The housing member base 151 has a flat wing body holding bottom plate 153, and flat wing body partition walls 154 and 155 are erected on the substantially horizontal upper surface of the wing body holding bottom plate 153 in the front, rear, left and right directions. ing.
このため、翼体保持底板153の上方空間は、複数の翼体200を個々に収容する直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間156に、翼体隔壁154,155により区画されている。収容部材カバー152は、下面開口の直方体状のボックス状に形成されており、複数の翼体200を収容した収容部材ベース151を、その内部空間に収容する。   For this reason, the upper space of the wing body holding bottom plate 153 is partitioned by wing body partition walls 154 and 155 into a plurality of rectangular wing body housing spaces 156 that individually house the plurality of wing bodies 200. The accommodating member cover 152 is formed in a rectangular parallelepiped box shape having an opening on the lower surface, and accommodates the accommodating member base 151 accommodating the plurality of wing bodies 200 in the internal space.
上述のような構成において、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100による翼体梱包方法を、以下に順番に説明する。まず、翼体200を梱包する場合、前縁カバーステップおよび後縁カバーステップとして、図3に示すように、前縁230を前縁カバー部材110の凹部で着脱自在にカバーするとともに、後縁240を後縁カバー部材120の凹部で着脱自在にカバーする。   In the configuration as described above, the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set 100 of the present embodiment will be described in order below. First, when packing the wing body 200, as shown in FIG. 3, the front edge 230 is detachably covered with the concave portion of the front edge cover member 110 as the front edge cover step and the rear edge cover step, and the rear edge 240 is provided. Is detachably covered by the concave portion of the trailing edge cover member 120.
つぎに、カバー締結ステップとして、図4に示すように、翼体200の前縁230および後縁240に各々装着された前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を、カバー締結部材130で固定する。   Next, as a cover fastening step, as shown in FIG. 4, the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 respectively attached to the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240 of the wing body 200 are fixed by the cover fastening member 130. To do.
前述のように、このカバー締結部材130は、弾性的に伸縮自在で環状の輪ゴムなどからなる。このため、カバー締結部材130を手作業で拡大した状態で、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120が装着されている翼体200の周囲に上方から配置して解放すれば、環状のカバー締結部材130は弾性的に収縮し、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を翼体200に弾性的に固定することができる。   As described above, the cover fastening member 130 is made of an elastic rubber ring that is elastically extendable and elastic. For this reason, when the cover fastening member 130 is manually enlarged and disposed and released from above around the wing body 200 on which the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 are mounted, an annular cover is provided. The fastening member 130 is elastically contracted, and the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 can be elastically fixed to the wing body 200.
つぎに、全体カバーステップとして、図5に示すように、翼体200の、先端220、正圧面250、および、負圧面260、を細長形状の全体カバー部材140で着脱自在にカバーする。前述のように、この全体カバー部材140としては、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   Next, as a whole cover step, as shown in FIG. 5, the tip 220, the positive pressure surface 250, and the negative pressure surface 260 of the wing body 200 are detachably covered with an elongated whole cover member 140. As described above, as the whole cover member 140, for example, waste material urethane that is discarded when manufacturing a machine product such as an automobile can be used.
上述のようにすることにより、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100による翼体梱包方法では、翼体200の前縁230が前縁カバー部材110で包囲されてカバーされ、後縁240が後縁カバー部材120で包囲されてカバーされ、翼体200の、先端220、正圧面250、および、負圧面260、が全体カバー部材140でカバーされる。   In the manner described above, in the wing body packing method using the wing body packing set 100 according to the present embodiment, the front edge 230 of the wing body 200 is surrounded and covered by the front edge cover member 110, and the rear edge 240 is covered by the rear edge 240. The edge cover member 120 is surrounded and covered, and the tip 220, the pressure surface 250, and the suction surface 260 of the wing body 200 are covered with the entire cover member 140.
このため、図6および図1に示すように、翼体200の外面の略全域が弾性体からなる、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、でカバーされる。   Therefore, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 1, substantially the entire outer surface of the wing body 200 is covered with a front edge cover member 110, a rear edge cover member 120, and an overall cover member 140 made of an elastic body. .
その後、図1に示すように、上述のように弾性体からなる、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、で外面の略全域がカバーされた翼体200を、翼体収容ステップとして、翼体収容部材150の収容部材ベース151の、翼体隔壁154,155により区画されている複数の直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間156に個々に収容する。   Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 1, the wing body 200, which is made of an elastic body as described above, is covered by the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the entire cover member 140, and substantially covers the entire outer surface. As the wing body accommodation step, the wing body accommodation members 150 are individually accommodated in the plurality of rectangular wing body accommodation spaces 156 defined by the wing body partition walls 154 and 155 of the accommodation member base 151 of the wing body accommodation member 150.
そして、この収容が完了した収容部材ベース151を、収容部材カバー152でカバーすることにより、図6に示すように、弾性体からなる、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、で外面の略全域が各々カバーされた複数の翼体200が、翼体収容部材150の複数の翼体収容空間156に個々に収容された状態となる。   Then, the housing member base 151 that has been housed is covered with the housing member cover 152, and as shown in FIG. 6, the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the whole made of an elastic body are formed. The plurality of wing bodies 200 each of which covers almost the entire outer surface with the cover member 140 are individually housed in the plurality of wing body housing spaces 156 of the wing body housing member 150.
このような状態で翼体収容部材150が搬送されるとき、振動などのある環境下におかれた場合でも、翼体200は、前縁カバー部材110や後縁カバー部材120や全体カバー部材140により弾性的に保護(カバー)されているため、翼体隔壁154,155や収容部材カバー152に衝突することが避けられるとともに、振動から受ける衝撃を緩和することができる。このため、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100による翼体梱包方法では、精密部品である翼体200を移送するときに損傷することがない。   When the wing body accommodating member 150 is transported in such a state, the wing body 200 is not limited to the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, or the entire cover member 140 even when placed in an environment with vibrations. Therefore, it is possible to avoid collision with the wing body partition walls 154 and 155 and the housing member cover 152 and to reduce the impact received from vibration. For this reason, in the wing body packing method by the wing body packing set 100 of this Embodiment, it is not damaged when transferring the wing body 200 which is a precision component.
とくに、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100では、前縁230を包囲する凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材110で着脱自在にカバーし、後縁240を包囲する凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材120で着脱自在にカバーし、翼体200の、先端220、正圧面250、および、負圧面260、を細長形状の全体カバー部材140で着脱自在にカバーする。   In particular, in the wing body packaging set 100 of the present embodiment, the front edge cover member 110 in which a recess surrounding the front edge 230 is formed is detachably covered, and a recess surrounding the rear edge 240 is formed. The trailing edge cover member 120 is detachably covered, and the tip 220, the positive pressure surface 250, and the negative pressure surface 260 of the wing body 200 are detachably covered by an elongated overall cover member 140.
このため、翼体200を弾性保持するために、その前後左右上下の形状に各々対応した、専用の特殊形状のウレタンを事前に形成しておくような必要がなく、翼体200を一個ずつ気泡緩衝材により手作業で梱包する必要もない。   Therefore, in order to elastically hold the wing body 200, it is not necessary to previously form a special urethane having a special shape corresponding to each of the front, rear, left, and right, upper and lower shapes. There is no need for manual packing with cushioning material.
したがって、その作業性が良好で、作業時間を多分に短縮することができる。しかも、前縁230を包囲する凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材110と、後縁240を包囲する凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材120とは、形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、市販の製品を利用することもできる。   Therefore, the workability is good and the work time can be shortened to a great extent. In addition, the front edge cover member 110 formed with a recess surrounding the front edge 230 and the rear edge cover member 120 formed with a recess surrounding the rear edge 240 are simple in shape and easily mass-produced. It is possible to use commercially available products.
とくに、翼体200の翼根210を下端として接地させた状態で、その全体をカバーすることができる。このため、このように翼根210を下端として接地させて梱包する必要がある大型で大重量の翼体200でも、その翼体200を設置した状態で全体を容易にカバーすることができる。   In particular, the whole of the wing body 200 can be covered in a state where the wing root 210 of the wing body 200 is grounded at the lower end. Therefore, even the large and heavy wing body 200 that needs to be grounded and packed with the blade root 210 as the lower end can be easily covered with the wing body 200 installed.
また、翼体200の、先端220、正圧面250、および、負圧面260、をカバーする細長形状の全体カバー部材140は、さらに形状が単純で容易に量産することができ、たとえば、自動車などの機械製品の製造時に廃出される廃材ウレタンなどを利用することもできる。   In addition, the elongated overall cover member 140 that covers the tip 220, the pressure surface 250, and the suction surface 260 of the wing body 200 has a simpler shape and can be easily mass-produced. It is also possible to use waste material such as urethane that is discarded when manufacturing machine products.
したがって、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、を用意するために多大なコストを必要とせず、翼体200の全体を低コストにカバーすることができる。   Therefore, it is possible to cover the entire wing body 200 at a low cost without preparing a large cost for preparing the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the whole cover member 140.
しかも、上述のような前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、は何度も繰り返し使用することができるので、ランニングコストも低減することができる。このため、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100は、良好な作業性で迅速かつ低コストに翼体200を梱包することができる。   In addition, since the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the entire cover member 140 as described above can be used over and over again, the running cost can be reduced. For this reason, the wing body packing set 100 of the present embodiment can pack the wing body 200 quickly and at low cost with good workability.
しかも、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100による翼体梱包方法では、少なくとも翼体200の前縁230および後縁240に各々装着された前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を、カバー締結部材130で固定する。   Moreover, in the wing body packing method using the wing body packing set 100 according to the present embodiment, at least the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 respectively attached to the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240 of the wing body 200 are covered. It is fixed with the fastening member 130.
たとえば、翼体200の前縁230および後縁240に前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を着脱自在に装着した状態のまま、翼体200を全体カバー部材140でカバーしようとすると、このときに前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120が脱落する可能性がある。   For example, when the wing body 200 is covered with the entire cover member 140 while the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 are detachably attached to the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240 of the wing body 200, Sometimes the leading edge cover member 110 and the trailing edge cover member 120 may fall off.
しかしながら、翼体200の前縁230および後縁240に着脱自在に装着した前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120をカバー締結部材130で締結するので、略鉛直な前縁230および後縁240に装着された前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120が脱落することを、カバー締結部材130で防止することができる。   However, since the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 detachably attached to the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240 of the wing body 200 are fastened by the cover fastening member 130, the substantially vertical front edge 230 and rear edge 240 are fixed. The cover fastening member 130 can prevent the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 attached to the cover from falling off.
とくに、このカバー締結部材130が弾性的に伸縮自在なので、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を前縁230および後縁240に容易に締結することができる。しかも、このカバー締結部材130が環状に形成されており、たとえば、市販の輪ゴムなどを利用できる。   In particular, since the cover fastening member 130 is elastically stretchable, the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 can be easily fastened to the front edge 230 and the rear edge 240. Moreover, the cover fastening member 130 is formed in an annular shape, and for example, a commercially available rubber band can be used.
そして、このようなカバー締結部材130を手作業で拡大した状態で、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120が装着されている翼体200の周囲に上方から配置して解放すれば、環状のカバー締結部材130は弾性的に収縮する。このため、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を、カバー締結部材130で翼体200に弾性的に容易に固定することができる。   Then, when such a cover fastening member 130 is manually expanded, if it is disposed and released from above around the wing body 200 on which the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 are mounted, an annular shape is obtained. The cover fastening member 130 contracts elastically. For this reason, the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 can be easily and elastically fixed to the wing body 200 by the cover fastening member 130.
さらには、本実施の形態の翼体梱包セット100による翼体梱包方法では、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、で各々カバーされた複数の翼体200を、翼体収容部材150の翼体隔壁154,155で区画されている直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間156に個々に収容する。翼体200は、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120により、翼体収容空間156内での前後方向への移動が規制される。さらに、反り返った全体カバー部材140の反力により、翼体収容空間156内での左右方向への移動が規制される。このため、複数の翼体200を、振動などによる損傷を招くことなく一個の翼体収容部材150に収容して移送することができる。   Furthermore, in the wing body packing method using the wing body packing set 100 of the present embodiment, a plurality of wing bodies 200 each covered by the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the entire cover member 140 are provided. The blade housing members 150 are individually housed in a plurality of cuboid blade housing spaces 156 defined by blade body partition walls 154 and 155. The wing body 200 is restricted from moving in the front-rear direction in the wing body housing space 156 by the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120. Further, the movement in the left-right direction within the wing body accommodating space 156 is restricted by the reaction force of the entire cover member 140 that has warped. For this reason, the plurality of wing bodies 200 can be accommodated and transferred in one wing body accommodating member 150 without causing damage due to vibration or the like.
なお、本発明は本実施の形態に限定されるものではなく、その要旨を逸脱しない範囲で各種の変形を許容する。たとえば、上記形態では翼体として圧縮機の動翼を例示した。しかしながら、このような翼体が、圧縮機の静翼、ガスタービンの動翼、ガスタービンの静翼、などでもよい。   The present invention is not limited to the present embodiment, and various modifications are allowed without departing from the scope of the present invention. For example, in the above embodiment, a moving blade of a compressor is exemplified as the blade body. However, such a blade body may be a compressor stationary blade, a gas turbine moving blade, a gas turbine stationary blade, or the like.
また、上記形態では、翼体梱包セット100の翼体収容部材150が、収容部材ベース151と収容部材カバー152からなり、収容部材ベース151の平板状の翼体保持底板153の上部空間が、複数の翼体200を個々に収容する直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間156に、翼体隔壁154,155で区画されており、この全体を収容部材カバー152でカバーすることを例示した。   Further, in the above embodiment, the wing body housing member 150 of the wing body packaging set 100 includes the housing member base 151 and the housing member cover 152, and a plurality of upper spaces of the flat wing body holding bottom plate 153 of the housing member base 151 are provided. The wing body partitioning spaces 154 and 155 are divided into a plurality of rectangular parallelepiped wing body housing spaces 156 for individually housing the wing bodies 200, and the entire body is covered with the housing member cover 152.
しかしながら、図7に例示する翼体梱包セット300のように、翼体収容部材310が、収容部材ボックス311と収容部材カバー312からなり、上面開口の収容部材ボックス311の内部空間が、複数の翼体200を個々に収容する直方体状の複数の翼体収容空間156に、翼体隔壁154,155で区画されており、その上面開口が平板状の収容部材カバー312で封止されてもよい。   However, as in the wing body packing set 300 illustrated in FIG. 7, the wing body housing member 310 includes the housing member box 311 and the housing member cover 312, and the interior space of the housing member box 311 having the upper surface opening includes a plurality of wing bodies. The wing body housing spaces 156 each containing the body 200 may be partitioned by wing body partition walls 154 and 155, and the upper surface opening may be sealed with a flat plate-shaped housing member cover 312.
さらには、カバー締結部材130が弾性的に伸縮自在な環状の輪ゴムからなることを例示した。しかしながら、このようなカバー締結部材が、たとえば、緊縮・弛緩自在に調整可能な結束バンドからなってもよい(図示せず)。   Furthermore, the cover fastening member 130 is illustrated as being made of an elastic rubber ring that is elastically stretchable. However, such a cover fastening member may comprise, for example, a binding band that can be adjusted tightly and loosely (not shown).
この場合、たとえば、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120が装着されている翼体200を、結束バンドからなるカバー締結部材で包囲して結束するだけで、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を翼体200に固定することができる。このため、簡易かつ迅速に、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120を翼体200に確実に固定することができる。   In this case, for example, the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge can be obtained simply by surrounding and binding the wing body 200 to which the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 are mounted with a cover fastening member made of a binding band. The cover member 120 can be fixed to the wing body 200. For this reason, the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 can be reliably fixed to the wing body 200 simply and quickly.
また、上記形態では翼体200の前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120をカバー締結部材130で締結してから、翼体200の、先端220、正圧面250、および、負圧面260、を全体カバー部材140でカバーすることを例示した。しかしながら、翼体200を、前縁カバー部材110、後縁カバー部材120、および、全体カバー部材140、でカバーしてから、その全体をカバー締結部材130で締結してもよい。   In the above embodiment, after the front edge cover member 110 and the rear edge cover member 120 of the wing body 200 are fastened by the cover fastening member 130, the tip 220, the positive pressure surface 250, and the negative pressure surface 260 of the wing body 200 are fixed. The cover with the whole cover member 140 is exemplified. However, after covering the wing body 200 with the front edge cover member 110, the rear edge cover member 120, and the whole cover member 140, the whole body may be fastened with the cover fastening member 130.
また、上記形態では、前縁カバー部材110および後縁カバー部材120は、翼体200における翼高Hと略同一の長さを有するものを示したが、翼高Hの30%以上の長さを有するものであれば、衝撃緩和の効果をかなり発揮できることが期待される。   Moreover, in the said form, although the leading edge cover member 110 and the trailing edge cover member 120 showed what has substantially the same length as the blade height H in the wing body 200, the length is 30% or more of the blade height H. If it has, it is expected that the effect of shock relaxation can be exhibited considerably.
なお、当然ながら、上述した実施の形態および複数の変形例は、その内容が相反しない範囲で組み合わせることができる。また、上述した実施の形態および変形例では、各部の構造などを具体的に説明したが、その構造などは本願発明を満足する範囲で各種に変更することができる。   Needless to say, the above-described embodiment and a plurality of modifications can be combined within a range in which the contents do not conflict with each other. Further, in the above-described embodiments and modifications, the structure of each part has been specifically described, but the structure and the like can be changed in various ways within a range that satisfies the present invention.
100,300 翼体梱包セット
110 前縁カバー部材
120 後縁カバー部材
130 カバー締結部材
140 全体カバー部材
150,310 翼体収容部材
200 翼体
210 末端
220 先端
230 前縁
240 後縁
250 翼面である正圧面
260 翼面である負圧面
100, 300 Wing body packing set 110 Front edge cover member 120 Rear edge cover member 130 Cover fastening member 140 Overall cover member 150, 310 Wing body housing member 200 Wing body 210 Terminal 220 Front end 230 Front edge 240 Rear edge 250 Wing surface Positive pressure surface 260 Negative pressure surface that is a blade surface

Claims (11)

  1. 翼体を梱包する翼体梱包方法であって、
    前記翼体の前縁を前縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーする前縁カバーステップと、
    前記翼体の後縁を後縁カバー部材の凹部で着脱自在にカバーする後縁カバーステップと、
    前記翼体の先端および両側の翼面を全体カバー部材で着脱自在にカバーする全体カバーステップと、
    を有している、翼体梱包方法。
    A wing body packing method for packing a wing body,
    A front edge cover step for removably covering the front edge of the wing body with a recess of a front edge cover member;
    A rear edge cover step for detachably covering the rear edge of the wing body with a recess of a rear edge cover member;
    An entire cover step for detachably covering the tip and both wing surfaces of the wing body with an entire cover member;
    A wing body packing method.
  2. 少なくとも前記前縁および前記後縁をカバーした前記前縁カバー部材および前記後縁カバー部材を前記翼体にカバー締結部材で締結するカバー締結ステップを、さらに有している、
    請求項1に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    A cover fastening step of fastening the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member covering at least the front edge and the rear edge to the wing body with a cover fastening member;
    The wing body packing method according to claim 1.
  3. 前記カバー締結ステップが実行されてから前記全体カバーステップが実行される、
    請求項2に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    The entire cover step is performed after the cover fastening step is performed.
    The wing body packing method according to claim 2.
  4. 前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の前記翼体を、翼体収容部材の複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する翼体収容ステップを、さらに有している、
    請求項1ないし3の何れか一項に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    A wing body housing that individually accommodates the plurality of wing bodies respectively covered with the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member in a plurality of wing body housing spaces of the wing body housing member. Having further steps,
    The wing body packing method according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. 前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、が弾性体からなる、
    請求項1ないし4の何れか一項に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    The front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member are made of an elastic body.
    The wing body packing method according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
  6. 前記カバー締結部材が弾性的に伸縮自在である、
    請求項2または3に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    The cover fastening member is elastically stretchable;
    The wing body packing method according to claim 2 or 3.
  7. 前記カバー締結部材が環状に形成されている、
    請求項6に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    The cover fastening member is formed in an annular shape,
    The wing body packing method according to claim 6.
  8. 前記カバー締結部材が緊縮・弛緩自在に調整可能な結束バンドからなる、
    請求項2または3に記載の翼体梱包方法。
    The cover fastening member comprises a binding band that can be adjusted tightly and loosely,
    The wing body packing method according to claim 2 or 3.
  9. 翼体を梱包する翼体梱包セットであって、
    着脱自在にカバーする前記翼体の前縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている前縁カバー部材と、
    着脱自在にカバーする前記翼体の後縁が挿入される凹部が形成されている後縁カバー部材と、
    前記翼体の先端および両側の翼面をカバーする全体カバー部材と、
    を有している、翼体梱包セット。
    A wing body packing set for packing a wing body,
    A front edge cover member in which a recess into which the front edge of the wing body for removably covering is inserted is formed;
    A trailing edge cover member in which a recess into which a trailing edge of the wing body for detachably covering is inserted is formed;
    An overall cover member covering the tip and both wing surfaces of the wing body;
    Have wing body packing set.
  10. 少なくとも前記前縁および前記後縁をカバーした前記前縁カバー部材および前記後縁カバー部材を前記翼体に締結するカバー締結部材を、さらに有している、
    請求項9に記載の翼体梱包セット。
    A cover fastening member for fastening the front edge cover member and the rear edge cover member covering at least the front edge and the rear edge to the wing body;
    The wing body packing set according to claim 9.
  11. 前記前縁カバー部材、前記後縁カバー部材、および、前記全体カバー部材、で各々カバーされた複数の前記翼体を、複数の翼体収容空間に個々に収容する翼体収容部材を、さらに有している、
    請求項9または10に記載の翼体梱包セット。
    A wing body housing member for individually housing the plurality of wing bodies respectively covered by the front edge cover member, the rear edge cover member, and the whole cover member in a plurality of wing body housing spaces; doing,
    The wing body packing set according to claim 9 or 10.
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JPH0263371U (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-05-11
JPH0743150U (en) * 1991-11-22 1995-08-18 太陽工業株式会社 Cardboard cushioning material
US5628403A (en) * 1996-01-16 1997-05-13 Bill Thomas Associates, Inc. Universal turbine blade packaging container
JP2002166971A (en) * 2000-11-30 2002-06-11 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Packing structure for article and method for packing article
US20080099358A1 (en) * 2006-10-25 2008-05-01 United Technologies Corporation Blade handling tray insert
JP2008174255A (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-07-31 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Packing structure
JP2009067421A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Packing structure of display unit
JP2011162207A (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-08-25 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Packing apparatus for stator blade for turbine and method for packing stator blade for turbine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6032293U (en) * 1983-08-03 1985-03-05
JPH0263371U (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-05-11
JPH0743150U (en) * 1991-11-22 1995-08-18 太陽工業株式会社 Cardboard cushioning material
US5628403A (en) * 1996-01-16 1997-05-13 Bill Thomas Associates, Inc. Universal turbine blade packaging container
JP2002166971A (en) * 2000-11-30 2002-06-11 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Packing structure for article and method for packing article
US20080099358A1 (en) * 2006-10-25 2008-05-01 United Technologies Corporation Blade handling tray insert
JP2008174255A (en) * 2007-01-17 2008-07-31 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Packing structure
JP2009067421A (en) * 2007-09-12 2009-04-02 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Packing structure of display unit
JP2011162207A (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-08-25 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Packing apparatus for stator blade for turbine and method for packing stator blade for turbine

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