JP2013102665A - Power-feed device and power-feed system - Google Patents

Power-feed device and power-feed system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2013102665A
JP2013102665A JP2012092847A JP2012092847A JP2013102665A JP 2013102665 A JP2013102665 A JP 2013102665A JP 2012092847 A JP2012092847 A JP 2012092847A JP 2012092847 A JP2012092847 A JP 2012092847A JP 2013102665 A JP2013102665 A JP 2013102665A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
power
power transmission
unit
power supply
operation
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Pending
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JP2012092847A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shinichi Haseno
慎一 長谷野
Yoichi Uramoto
洋一 浦本
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Sony Corp
ソニー株式会社
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Priority to JP2011231765 priority
Application filed by Sony Corp, ソニー株式会社 filed Critical Sony Corp
Priority to JP2012092847A priority patent/JP2013102665A/en
Publication of JP2013102665A publication Critical patent/JP2013102665A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0029Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety devices
    • H02J7/0031Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries with safety devices using battery or load disconnect circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/10Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using inductive coupling
    • H02J50/12Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using inductive coupling of the resonant type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/40Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using two or more transmitting or receiving devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/80Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power involving the exchange of data, concerning supply or distribution of electric power, between transmitting devices and receiving devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/022Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters characterised by the type of converter
    • H02J7/025Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters characterised by the type of converter using non-contact coupling, e.g. inductive, capacitive
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J5/00Circuit arrangements for transfer of electric power between ac networks and dc networks
    • H02J5/005Circuit arrangements for transfer of electric power between ac networks and dc networks with inductive power transfer

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a power-feed device and power-feed system which can reduce power loss caused by variation of load conditions in transmitting power using a magnetic or electric field.SOLUTION: The power-feed device comprises: a power-transmission unit that transmits power using a magnetic or electric field; a control unit that contains a power-transmission control unit that controls the transmission of power; and an operation stopping unit that forcibly stops the transmission of power regardless of the power-transmission control by the power-transmission control unit when an abnormal state of the device is detected.

Description

  The present disclosure relates to a power supply system that performs non-contact power supply (power transmission, power transmission) to a power supply target device such as an electronic device, and a power supply device applied to such a power supply system.

  In recent years, for example, power supply systems (contactless power supply system, wireless charging system) for supplying power (power transmission, power transmission) to CE devices (consumer electronics devices) such as mobile phones and portable music players in a non-contact manner. ) Is attracting attention. Thus, charging is not started by inserting (connecting) a connector of a power supply device such as an AC adapter into the device, and the electronic device (secondary device) is placed on the charging tray (primary device). Just start charging. That is, terminal connection between the electronic device and the charging tray becomes unnecessary.

  An electromagnetic induction method is well known as a method for supplying power without contact in this manner. Recently, a non-contact power feeding system using a method called a magnetic field resonance method using an electromagnetic resonance phenomenon has attracted attention. Such a non-contact power feeding system is disclosed in, for example, Patent Documents 1 to 6 and the like.

JP 2001-102974 A WO00-27531 JP 2008-206233 A JP 2002-34169 A JP 2005-110399 A JP 2010-63245 A

  By the way, in the non-contact power supply system as described above, the load state of the power supply apparatus varies depending on the situation, and may be in an overload state, for example. Here, even when such a load fluctuation occurs, it is desirable to keep the power loss (power loss) during power transmission (contactless power feeding) as low as possible. That is, it is desired to propose a technique that can reduce power loss due to load state fluctuations during power transmission using a magnetic field or the like.

  The present disclosure has been made in view of such a problem, and an object of the present disclosure is to reduce power loss due to load state fluctuation when performing power transmission (power transmission) using a magnetic field or an electric field. The object is to provide a power feeding device and a power feeding system.

  The power supply device according to the present disclosure includes a power transmission unit that performs power transmission using a magnetic field or an electric field, a control unit that includes a power transmission control unit that performs control of the power transmission, and a power transmission control unit that detects an abnormal state of the device. And an operation stop unit that forcibly stops power transmission without using power transmission control.

  The power supply system of the present disclosure includes one or a plurality of electronic devices (power supply target devices) and the power supply apparatus of the present disclosure that transmits power to the electronic devices.

  In the power supply device and the power supply system according to the present disclosure, when an abnormal state of the device is detected, power transmission by the power transmission unit is forcibly stopped without performing power transmission control by the power transmission control unit. As a result, for example, when the load state fluctuates and becomes an overload state, the power transmission is stopped quickly without waiting for the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit. (Power transmission period) is shortened.

  According to the power supply device and the power supply system of the present disclosure, when an abnormal state of the device is detected, the power transmission is forcibly stopped without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit. Thus, an unnecessary power transmission period can be shortened when an overload occurs. Therefore, it is possible to reduce power loss due to load state fluctuations during power transmission using a magnetic field or an electric field.

It is a perspective view showing the example of appearance composition of the electric supply system concerning a 1st embodiment of this indication. It is a block diagram showing the detailed structural example of the electric power feeding system shown in FIG. FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram illustrating a detailed configuration example of each block illustrated in FIG. 2. It is a timing waveform diagram showing an example of a control signal for an AC signal generation circuit. It is a timing diagram showing an example of a power feeding period and a communication period. It is a timing waveform diagram showing an example of communication operation by pulse width modulation using an AC signal generation circuit. It is a characteristic view showing typically an example of drooping characteristic at the time of an overload state. It is a timing waveform diagram for demonstrating the electric power restriction | limiting and distribution effect | action at the time of an overload state. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating a forced operation | movement stop effect | action and an electric power supply interruption | blocking effect | action. It is a circuit diagram showing the example of a principal part structure in the electric power feeding system which concerns on 2nd Embodiment. FIG. 11 is a timing chart illustrating an operation example of the power limiting / modulation circuit illustrated in FIG. 10. FIG. 11 is a timing waveform diagram illustrating an example of a communication operation by amplitude modulation using the power limiting / modulation circuit illustrated in FIG. 10. It is a block diagram showing the schematic structural example of the electric power feeding system which concerns on a modification. It is a schematic diagram showing the example of an electric field propagation in the electric power feeding system shown in FIG.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. The description will be given in the following order.

1. First Embodiment (Example of performing communication by pulse width modulation using an AC signal generation circuit)
2. Second embodiment (example in which communication using amplitude modulation is also performed using a power limiting circuit)
3. Modified examples (examples of power supply systems that transmit electric power in a contactless manner using electric fields)

<First Embodiment>
[Overall configuration of power supply system 4]
FIG. 1 illustrates an external configuration example of the power feeding system (power feeding system 4) according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure, and FIG. 2 illustrates a block configuration example of the power feeding system 4. is there. The power feeding system 4 is a system (non-contact type power feeding system) that performs power transmission (power supply, power feeding, power transmission) in a non-contact manner using a magnetic field (using magnetic resonance, electromagnetic induction, etc .; the same applies hereinafter). is there. The power supply system 4 includes a power supply device 1 (primary device) and one or a plurality of electronic devices (here, two electronic devices 2A and 2B; secondary devices) as power supply target devices.

  In the power supply system 4, for example, as shown in FIG. 1, the electronic devices 2A and 2B are placed (or close to) on the power supply surface (power transmission surface) S1 of the power supply device 1, whereby the electronic device 2 Power transmission is performed for 2A and 2B. Here, in consideration of the case where power is transmitted to a plurality of electronic devices 2A and 2B simultaneously or in a time-divisional manner (sequentially), the power supply device 1 has an area of the power supply surface S1 that is the power supply target electronic device 2A The mat shape (tray shape) is larger than 2B.

(Power supply device 1)
As described above, the power feeding device 1 is a device (charging tray) that performs power transmission (power transmission) to the electronic devices 2A and 2B using a magnetic field. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 2, the power supply device 1 includes a power transmission unit 110, a current detection circuit 111, a power limiting circuit 112, an AC signal generation circuit (high frequency power generation circuit) 113, and an operation stop circuit 114. And a data transmission unit 13. The power feeding device 1 includes a control unit 10 having a power transmission control unit (modulation processing unit) 10A provided in the power transmission device 11 and a data transmission control unit 10B provided outside the power transmission device 11. . Among these, the power limit circuit 112, the AC signal generation circuit 113, the operation stop circuit 114, and the data transmission control unit 10B are respectively “power limit unit”, “AC signal generation unit”, “operation stop unit” and This corresponds to a specific example of “a control unit for data transmission”.

  The power transmission unit 110 includes a power transmission coil (primary coil) L1 and capacitors C1p and C1s (resonance capacitors), which will be described later. The power transmission unit 110 uses the power transmission coil L1 and the capacitors C1p and C1s to perform power transmission (power transmission) using an AC magnetic field to the electronic devices 2A and 2B (specifically, a power reception unit 210 described later). (See arrow P1 in FIG. 2). Specifically, the power transmission unit 110 has a function of radiating a magnetic field (magnetic flux) from the power feeding surface S1 toward the electronic devices 2A and 2B. The power transmission unit 110 also has a function of mutually performing a predetermined communication operation with a power reception unit 210 described later (see arrow C1 in FIG. 2).

  The AC signal generation circuit 113 is, for example, a predetermined AC signal Sac (high frequency power) for performing power transmission using power supplied from an external power supply 9 (parent power supply) of the power supply apparatus 1 via a power limiting circuit 112 described later. ). Such an AC signal generation circuit 113 is configured using, for example, a switching amplifier described later. Examples of the external power supply 9 include a USB (Universal Serial Bus) 2.0 power supply (power supply capability: 500 mA, power supply voltage: about 5 V) provided in a PC (Personal Computer) or the like.

  The power limiting circuit 112 is on a power supply line (power supply line Lp described later) from the external power supply 9 to the power transmission unit 110, that is, between the power input terminal (not shown) for the external power supply 9 and the power transmission unit 110. It is arranged. The power limiting circuit 112 has a function of limiting the power supplied from the external power supply 9 to the power transmission unit 110 (performing a power limiting operation). Specifically, although details will be described later, it functions as an overcurrent limiting circuit (overcurrent protection circuit) that limits overcurrent in an overload state or the like. The power limiting circuit 112 also has a function of forcibly cutting off the power supply from the external power supply 9 to the power transmission unit 110 in a predetermined case described later.

  The current detection circuit 111 is a circuit that detects an input current I1 flowing from the external power supply 9 to the entire power feeding device 1. Specifically, a voltage corresponding to the input current I1 is detected (measured) and output to the power limiting circuit 112.

  The operation stop circuit 114 forcibly stops power transmission by the power transmission unit 10 or the like without detecting power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A (to be described later) when an abnormal state (such as an overload state) of the device to be described later is detected. It is a circuit to make.

  The data transmission unit 13 performs non-contact data transmission with a data transmission unit 23 in the electronic devices 2A and 2B described later (see arrow D1 in FIG. 2). In addition, as a method of performing such non-contact data transmission, for example, a method using “Transfer Jet” which is one of short-range wireless transfer technologies can be cited.

  As illustrated in FIG. 2, the control unit 10 includes a power input terminal (not shown) for the external power source 9 and a power limit before the power limiting circuit 112 (on the side of the external power source 9 with respect to the power limiting circuit 112). It is arranged between the circuit 112. The control unit 10 includes a power transmission control unit 10A that controls power transmission by the power transmission unit 110 and a data transmission control unit 10B that controls data transfer by the data transmission unit 13, and includes the entire power supply device 1 (power supply). Various control operations in the entire system 4) are performed. Specifically, in addition to the above-described power transmission control and data transmission control, for example, transmission power optimization control, a function for authenticating the secondary device, and determining that the secondary device is on the primary device. It has a function and a function to detect the mixing of different metals.

  The power transmission control unit 10A controls the operation of the AC signal generation circuit 113 using a predetermined control signal CTL (control signal for power transmission) described later (in this case, the control is performed via the operation stop unit 114). The power transmission control described above is performed. Further, the power transmission control unit 10A also has a function of performing modulation processing by pulse width modulation (PWM), which will be described later, using the control signal CTL.

(Electronic equipment 2A, 2B)
The electronic devices 2A and 2B are, for example, a stationary electronic device represented by a television receiver, a portable electronic device including a rechargeable battery (battery) represented by a mobile phone or a digital camera, and the like. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, these electronic devices 2 </ b> A and 2 </ b> B perform a predetermined operation (operation to exert functions as an electronic device) based on the power receiving device 21 and the power supplied from the power receiving device 21. The load 22 to perform and the data transmission part 23 are provided. In addition, the power receiving device 21 includes a power receiving unit 210, a rectifier circuit 211, a charging circuit 212, and a battery 213.

  The power receiving unit 210 includes a power receiving coil (secondary coil) L2 and capacitors C2p and C2s (resonance capacitors), which will be described later. The power reception unit 210 has a function of receiving power transmitted (power transmission) from the power transmission unit 110 in the power supply apparatus 1 using the power reception coil L2, the capacitors C2p, C2s, and the like. The power receiving unit 210 also has a function of mutually performing the predetermined communication operation described above with the power transmitting unit 110 (see arrow C1 in FIG. 2).

  The rectifier circuit 211 is a circuit that rectifies the power (AC power) supplied from the power receiving unit 210 and generates DC power.

  The charging circuit 212 is a circuit for charging the battery 213 and a battery (not shown) in the load 22 based on the DC power supplied from the rectifier circuit 211.

  The battery 213 stores electric power in response to charging by the charging circuit 212, and is configured using a rechargeable battery (secondary battery) such as a lithium ion battery, for example. Note that the battery 215 is not necessarily provided when only the battery in the load 22 is used.

  As described above, the data transmission unit 23 performs non-contact data transmission with the data transmission unit 13 in the power supply apparatus 1 (see arrow D1 in FIG. 2).

[Detailed Configuration of Power Supply Device 1 and Electronic Devices 2A and 2B]
FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram illustrating a detailed configuration example of each block in the power supply device 1 and the electronic devices 2A and 2B illustrated in FIG.

(Power transmission unit 110)
The power transmission unit 110 includes a power transmission coil L1 for performing power transmission (generating magnetic flux) using a magnetic field, and capacitors C1p and C1s for forming an LC resonance circuit together with the power transmission coil L1. The capacitor C1s is electrically connected in series with the power transmission coil L1. That is, one end of the capacitor C1s and one end of the power transmission coil L1 are connected to each other. Further, the other end of the capacitor C1s and the other end of the power transmission coil L1 are connected in parallel to the capacitor C1p, and a connection end of the power transmission coil L1 and the capacitor C1p is grounded.

  The LC resonance circuit including the power transmission coil L1 and the capacitors C1p and C1s and the LC resonance circuit including the power reception coil L2 and the capacitors C2p and C2s described later are magnetically coupled to each other. As a result, an LC resonance operation is performed at a resonance frequency substantially the same as the high-frequency power (AC signal Sac) generated by the AC signal generation circuit 113 described later.

(Current detection circuit 111)
The current detection circuit 111 includes a resistor R1 and an error amplifier (error amplifier) A1. One end of the resistor R1 is connected to a power input terminal (not shown) for the external power source 9, and the other end of the resistor R1 is connected to the connection point P0. That is, the resistor R1 is disposed on the power supply line Lp. In the error amplifier A1, the positive side (+ side) input terminal is connected to one end of the resistor R1, the negative side (− side) input terminal is connected to the other end of the resistor R1, and the output terminal is power to be described later. The error amplifier A3 in the limit circuit 112 is connected to the positive input terminal. That is, a potential difference (voltage) between both ends of the resistor R1 is input to the positive input terminal of the error amplifier A3.

  With such a configuration, the current detection circuit 111 detects the above-described input current I1 (current flowing on the power supply line Lp) flowing through the resistor R1, and calculates a voltage V1 corresponding to the magnitude of the input current I as an error. Output from the amplifier A1 to the error amplifier A3.

(Power limit circuit 112)
The power limiting circuit 112 includes transistors Tr1 and Tr2, a comparator (comparator) A2, an error amplifier A3, and power supplies PS2 and PS3. Among these, the transistor Tr1 is composed of a p-type FET (Field Effective Transistor), and the transistor Tr2 is composed of an n-type FET. The power source PS2 is a power source that outputs a predetermined threshold voltage Vth2 (> 0 V) (second threshold value) described later, and the power source PS3 is a power source that outputs a reference voltage (reference voltage) Vref described later. The transistor Tr1 and the error amplifier A3 correspond to specific examples of “transistor” and “error amplifier” in the present disclosure, respectively.

  The source of the transistor Tr1 is connected to the connection point P0, the drain is connected to one end of each of the capacitors C1p and C1s, and the gate is connected to the output terminal of the error amplifier A3. That is, the transistor Tr1 is disposed on the power supply line Lp. The negative input terminal of the comparator A2 is connected to the output terminal of the comparator A4 in the operation stop circuit 114 described later, the positive input terminal is connected to the power source PS2, and the output terminal is connected to the gate of the transistor Tr2. Has been. The source of the transistor Tr2 is grounded, and the drain is connected to the power source PS3 and the negative input terminal of the error amplifier A3.

  With this configuration, in the power limiting circuit 112, the error amplifier A3 generates an output signal S3 corresponding to the potential difference between the output voltage from the error amplifier A1 (the voltage V1 corresponding to the input current I1) and the reference voltage Vref. And supplied to the gate of the transistor Tr1. Then, according to the output signal S3, the magnitude of the current I2 flowing between the source and drain of the transistor Tr1 (of the input current I1 described above, the current flowing from the connection point P0 to the path on the power transmission unit 110 side) (the magnitude of power). ) Is limited. In this way, the power supplied from the external power source 9 to the power transmission unit 110 is limited (overcurrent in an overload state or the like is limited).

  In a predetermined case, which will be described later, the magnitude of the reference voltage Vref input to the error amplifier A3 is controlled by the operation stop circuit 114, so that the power limiting circuit 112 transfers from the external power supply 9 to the power transmission unit 110. The power supply is forcibly cut off. Specifically, the magnitude of the reference voltage Vref is controlled according to the voltage comparison result in the comparator A2.

(Control unit 10)
The control unit 10 includes the power transmission control unit (modulation processing unit) 10A and the data transmission control unit 10B described above, and each input terminal is connected to the connection point P0. That is, the power transmission control unit 10A and the data transmission control unit 10B are arranged so as to be connected in parallel to each other before the power limiting circuit 112 (between the external power supply 9 and the power limiting circuit 112). As will be described in detail later, the current I3 always flows (regardless of the load state) through the path on the control unit 10 side from the connection point P0 among the input current I1 described above.

(Operation stop circuit 114)
The operation stop circuit 114 includes a comparator A4, a power supply PS1 that outputs a predetermined threshold voltage Vth1 (> Vth2) (first threshold) described later, and an AND circuit (AND circuit) LG1. Among these, the comparator A4 and the AND circuit LG1 respectively correspond to specific examples of “voltage detection unit” and “switching unit” in the present disclosure.

  The positive input terminal of the comparator A4 is connected to the source of the transistor Tr1, and the negative input terminal is connected to the drain of the transistor Tr1 through the power supply PS1. The output terminal of the comparator A4 is connected to the negative input terminal of the comparator A2 described above and one input terminal of the AND circuit LG1. A power transmission control signal CTL is supplied from the power transmission control unit 10A to the other input terminal of the AND circuit LG1.

  The control signal CTL is a pulse signal having a predetermined duty ratio as shown in FIG. For example, as shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the pulse width modulation described later is performed by controlling the duty ratio in the control signal CTL.

  With this configuration, in the operation stop circuit 114, the comparator A4 detects the voltage ΔV2 between the input and output in the power limiting circuit 112 (potential difference between the source and drain of the transistor Tr1) and compares it with the threshold voltage Vth1 described above. Is made. Then, an abnormal state (overload state or the like) of the device to be described later is detected according to the comparison result of the voltage (the magnitude of the detected voltage ΔV2), and via the AND circuit LG1 according to the detection result. The power transmission operation by the AC signal generation circuit 113 and the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly stopped.

(AC signal generation circuit 113)
The AC signal generation circuit 113 is configured using a switching amplifier (a so-called class E amplifier) having one transistor Tr3 as a switching element. Here, the transistor Tr3 is formed of an n-type FET. The source of the transistor Tr3 is grounded, the gate is connected to the output terminal of the AND circuit LG1, and the drain is connected to the drain of the transistor Tr1 and one end of each of the capacitors C1p and C1s.

  With this configuration, in the AC signal generation circuit 113, the transistor Tr3 is turned on / off (predetermined frequency and duty ratio) in accordance with the output signal (signal S1) from the AND circuit LG1 based on the control signal CTL for power transmission described above. Switching operation). That is, the on / off operation of the transistor Tr3 as a switching element is controlled using the control signal CTL supplied from the power transmission control unit 10A. Thus, an AC signal Sac (AC power) is generated based on the DC signal Sdc input via the power limiting circuit 112 and supplied to the power transmission unit 110.

(Power receiving unit 210)
The power receiving unit 210 includes a power receiving coil L2 for receiving power transmitted from the power transmitting unit 110 (from magnetic flux), and capacitors C2p and C2s for forming an LC resonance circuit together with the power receiving coil L2. The capacitor C2p is electrically connected in parallel to the power receiving coil L2, and the capacitor C2s is electrically connected in series to the power receiving coil L2. That is, one end of the capacitor C2s is connected to one end of the capacitor C2p and one end of the power receiving coil L2. The other end of the capacitor C2s is connected to one input terminal in the rectifier circuit 211, and the other end of the power receiving coil L2 and the other end of the capacitor C2p are each connected to the other input terminal in the rectifier circuit 211.

  The LC resonance circuit including the power receiving coil L2 and the capacitors C2p and C2s and the LC resonance circuit including the power transmission coil L1 and the capacitors C1p and C1s are magnetically coupled to each other. As a result, the LC resonance operation is performed at the resonance frequency substantially the same as the high-frequency power (AC signal Sac) generated by the AC signal generation circuit 113.

[Operation and effect of power feeding system 4]
(1. Overview of overall operation)
In this power feeding system 4, the AC signal generation circuit 113 in the power feeding device 1 is connected to the power transmission coil L 1 and the capacitors C 1 p and C 1 s (LC resonance circuit) in the power transmission unit 110 based on the power supplied from the external power supply 9. Then, predetermined high frequency power (AC signal Sac) for power transmission is supplied. Thereby, a magnetic field (magnetic flux) is generated in the power transmission coil L <b> 1 in the power transmission unit 110. At this time, when the electronic devices 2A and 2B as the power supply target devices (charge target devices) are placed on (or in close proximity to) the upper surface (power supply surface S1) of the power supply device 1, the power transmission coil L1 and the electrons in the power supply device 1 The power receiving coils L2 in the devices 2A and 2B are close to each other in the vicinity of the power feeding surface S1.

  As described above, when the power receiving coil L2 is disposed in the vicinity of the power transmission coil L1 that generates a magnetic field (magnetic flux), the electromotive force is induced in the power receiving coil L2 by being induced by the magnetic flux generated from the power transmission coil L1. Arise. In other words, a magnetic field is generated by interlinking with each of the power transmission coil L1 and the power reception coil L2 by electromagnetic induction or magnetic resonance. Thereby, power is transmitted from the power transmission coil L1 side (primary side, power feeding device 1 side, power transmission unit 110 side) to the power reception coil L2 side (secondary side, electronic equipment 2A, 2B side, power reception unit 210 side). (See arrow P1 in FIGS. 2 and 3). At this time, the power transmission coil L1 on the power feeding device 1 side and the power reception coil L2 on the electronic device 2A, 2B side are magnetically coupled to each other by electromagnetic induction or the like, and LC resonance operation is performed in the LC resonance circuit described above.

  Then, in the electronic devices 2A and 2B, the AC power received in the power receiving coil L2 is supplied to the rectifying circuit 211 and the charging circuit 212, and the following charging operation is performed. That is, after this AC power is converted into predetermined DC power by the rectifier circuit 211, the charging circuit 212 charges the battery 213 or a battery (not shown) in the load 22 based on this DC power. In this way, in the electronic devices 2A and 2B, the charging operation based on the power received by the power receiving unit 210 is performed.

  That is, in the present embodiment, when charging the electronic devices 2A and 2B, for example, terminal connection to an AC adapter or the like is not necessary, and charging is easily performed simply by placing (making them close to) the power feeding surface S1 of the power feeding device 1. Can be started (contactless power feeding is performed). This leads to a reduction in the burden on the user.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 5, in such a power feeding operation, the power feeding period Tp (charging period) and the communication period Tc (non-charging period) are periodically (or aperiodically divided). ). In other words, the power transmission control unit 10A performs control such that the power supply period Tp and the communication period Tc are set periodically (or aperiodically) in a time division manner. Here, the communication period Tc is a mutual communication operation using the power transmission coil L1 and the power reception coil L2 between the primary side device (power supply device 1) and the secondary side device (electronic devices 2A and 2B). This is a period during which (communication operation for mutual authentication between devices and power supply efficiency control) is performed (see arrow C1 in FIGS. 2 and 3). The ratio of the time between the power supply period Tp and the communication period Tc at this time is, for example, about power supply period Tp: communication period Tc = 9: 1.

  Here, in this communication period Tc, for example, as shown in FIGS. 6A to 6D, a communication operation using pulse width modulation in the AC signal generation circuit 113 is performed. Specifically, for example, based on the modulation data Dm as shown in FIG. 6A, the duty ratio of the control signal CTL in the communication period Tc is set (see FIG. 6B), and the pulse width. Communication by modulation is performed. In addition, since it is theoretically difficult to perform frequency modulation during the resonance operation in the power transmission unit 110 and the power reception unit 210 described above, communication operation can be easily realized by using such pulse width modulation.

  Further, in the power supply system 4, as indicated by an arrow D1 in FIGS. 2 and 3, the data transmission unit 13 and the secondary device (electronic devices 2A and 2B) in the primary device (power supply device 1). The data transmission unit 23 performs data transmission without contact with each other. As a result, data transmission is performed simply by bringing the power supply device 1 and the electronic devices 2A and 2B close to each other without connecting wiring for data transmission or the like between the power supply device 1 and the electronic devices 2A and 2B. be able to. That is, the burden on the user can be reduced also in this respect.

(2. Power limitation / distribution during overload)
By the way, in such an electric power feeding system 4, the electric power feeder 1 may be in an excessive load state (overload state). Specifically, for example, a case in which excessive power is suddenly consumed in the data transmission unit 13 or a case in which excessive power is required in the secondary side devices (in this case, the electronic devices 2A and 2B) is assumed.

  In such an overload state, for example, as shown in FIG. 7, the current-voltage characteristic is controlled so as to exhibit a so-called drooping characteristic ("F" -shaped characteristic), and protection against the overcurrent is achieved. Made. Specifically, here, first, the voltage V1 corresponding to the input current I1 from the external power supply 9 is detected by the current detection circuit 111 in the power supply apparatus 1. In the power limiting circuit 112, the error amplifier A3 outputs a signal S3 corresponding to the potential difference between the voltage V1 and the reference voltage Vref, and the magnitude of the current I2 flowing between the source and drain of the transistor Tr1 based on the signal S3. Is controlled. That is, the power limiting operation is performed in the power limiting circuit 112 by limiting the magnitude of the current I2 according to the magnitude of the input current I1 (the power supplied to the drain side of the transistor Tr1 is limited). For example, when the external power source 9 is the USB 2.0 power source described above, it is determined that an overcurrent state (overload state) occurs when I1 ≧ 500 mA (when 2.5 W is exceeded).

  However, if such a power limiting operation is applied to the entire power supply apparatus 1 (if supply power is limited to the entire block in the power supply apparatus 1), the following problem occurs. That is, when the above-described overcurrent state (overload state) is reached, the power supplied to the control unit 10 (particularly the power transmission control unit 10A) that controls the entire power supply device 1 (the entire power supply system 4) is also limited. As a result, the operation of the control unit 10 is stopped, resulting in inconvenience. That is, for example, the power transmission control unit 10A plays an important role of ensuring the safety aspect of the power supply system 4, and therefore is expected to perform normal operation even in an overload state (always stable). (It is necessary to ensure a certain behavior).

  Therefore, in the power supply device 1 of the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the control unit 10 is arranged in the preceding stage of the power limiting circuit 112 (between the external power supply 9 and the power limiting circuit 112). Yes. As a result, of the input current I1 flowing from the external power source 9 into the power supply apparatus 1, the current I3 always flows (regardless of the load state) through the path on the control unit 10 side from the connection point P0 (FIG. 3). reference). In other words, power supply from the external power supply 9 to the control unit 10 side is not limited even in an overload state, for example. In this way, power supply to the control unit 10 side is always ensured in the power supply device 1, and preferential power distribution to the control unit 10 side is performed.

  Specifically, for example, as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 8C, even when the current I3 consumed by the control unit 10 increases rapidly (when an overload state occurs), The current I3 flowing to the control unit 10 side (power supply to the control unit 10 side) is not limited. On the other hand, for example, as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 8B, when such an overload state occurs, a current I2 (power transmission unit) supplied by the power limiting circuit 112 to the power transmission unit 110 located at the subsequent stage. Power supply to 110) is limited. In this way, preferential power distribution from the power transmission unit 110 side to the control unit 10 side is realized.

  At this time, for example, as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 8A, the input current I1 flowing from the external power supply 9 to the entire power feeding device 1 (power taken out from the external power supply 9) is a predetermined threshold Ith (for example, In the case of the USB 2.0 power source described above, the power is controlled to be 500 mA) or less. Thereby, it is avoided that excessive electric power (exceeding the supply capability) from the external power source 9 (input current I1 not less than the threshold value Ith) is supplied. Therefore, for example, when a USB 2.0 power source provided in a PC is used as the external power source 9, an attempt is made to extract power exceeding the supply capability of the external power source 9 in the power supply device 1, for example, on the display screen of the PC. It is prevented that “warning” is displayed.

(3. Forced operation stop action)
Further, in the power supply device 1 of the present embodiment, the operation stop circuit 114 performs the following forced operation stop action.

  That is, first, the comparator A4 detects the voltage ΔV2 between the input and output in the power limiting circuit 112 (potential difference between the source and drain of the transistor Tr1), and compares it with a predetermined threshold voltage Vth1. The threshold voltage Vth1 is a threshold that defines whether or not the power supply device 1 is in an overload state (overcurrent state) during normal operation, for example, as shown in FIG. That is, according to the voltage comparison result (the magnitude of the detected voltage ΔV2), it is detected whether the load is in an appropriate load state or an overload state during normal operation. Here, when the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 is equal to or less than the threshold value Vth1, it is detected that the load is appropriate during normal operation. On the other hand, when the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 exceeds the threshold value Vth1, the normal operation is performed. It is detected as an overload condition at the time. The detection sensitivity at this time is set to be somewhat dull due to the time constant in the wiring between the comparator A4 and the AND circuit LG1.

  The operation stop circuit 114 uses the AND circuit LG1 in accordance with the detection result of the load state described above, and does not perform power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A, but transmits power by the AC signal generation circuit 113 and the power transmission unit 110. The operation is forcibly stopped. Specifically, when it is detected that the load state is appropriate during normal operation (ΔV2 ≦ Vth1), the output signal S4 from the comparator A4 = “H (high)” state. As a result, the output signal S1 from the AND circuit LG1 to the transistor Tr3 in the AC signal generation circuit 113 becomes equal to the power transmission control signal CTL supplied from the power transmission control unit 10A (the control signal CTL becomes effective). To be controlled). Therefore, when the transistor Tr3 performs an on / off operation using the control signal CTL, a normal power transmission operation is performed by the AC signal generation circuit 113 and the power transmission unit 110.

  On the other hand, when it is detected as an overload state during the normal operation (ΔV2 ≧ Vth1), the output signal S4 from the comparator A4 = “L (low)” state. As a result, the output signal S1 from the AND circuit LG1 to the transistor Tr3 in the AC signal generation circuit 113 is always in the “L” state (the control signal CTL is controlled to be invalid), and the transistor Tr3 is always in the off state. (The transistor Tr3 is in an open state). That is, the AND circuit LG1 plays a role of switching between enabling and disabling the control signal CTL according to the value of the output signal S4 from the comparator A4 (whether or not an overload state is detected). Then, in the operation stop circuit 114, by invalidating the control signal CTL for power transmission, the power transmission operation in the AC signal generation circuit 113 and the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly performed regardless of the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A. Stopped.

  The operation stop circuit 114 invalidates the control signal CTL when the above-described overload state (overcurrent state) is detected in the communication period Tc in addition to the power supply period Tp. By doing so, the communication operation is also forcibly stopped.

  Note that when the comparator A4 detects that the recovery from the overload state to the appropriate load state (return), the control signal CTL becomes valid again according to the principle described above. In this case as well, power transmission by the power transmission control unit 10A Regardless of the control, the power transmission operation is automatically restarted.

  In this way, when an abnormal state (overload state) of the power feeding device 1 is detected, the power transmission by the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly stopped without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A. Thereby, for example, when the load state fluctuates and becomes an overload state, the power transmission is quickly stopped without waiting for the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A. Short transmission period).

(4. Forced power supply cutoff action)
At this time, when the comparator A4 detects that the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 exceeds the predetermined threshold value Vth2 (> Vth1), the current limiting circuit 112 does not depend on the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A. The following forcible power supply cutoff action is performed.

  Here, the threshold voltage Vth2 is, for example, as shown in FIG. 9, due to a short circuit state of the circuit in the power feeding device 1 or the like. ) Is a threshold value that defines whether or not it has fallen into. In such a state, the voltage ΔV2 between both ends of the transistor Tr1 in the current limiting circuit 112 may become excessive and heat may be generated, and the operation stop circuit 114 may be inoperable ( There is a risk that the above-mentioned forced operation stop action will not be performed).

  As described above, the comparator A4 also detects whether or not the power transmission unit 110 is in a failure state or a destruction state in accordance with the detected voltage ΔV2. Specifically, here, when the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 is equal to or less than the threshold value Vth2, it is detected that such a failure state or a breakdown state is not occurring, while the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 exceeds the threshold value Vth2 Is detected as falling into such a failure state or destruction state.

  When it is detected that the magnitude of the voltage ΔV2 exceeds the threshold value Vth2 (falling into a failure state or a destruction state), the current limiting circuit 112 receives an AC signal from the external power supply 9 as follows. The power supply to the generation circuit 113 and the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly cut off. That is, the magnitude of the reference voltage Vref input to the error amplifier A3 is controlled according to the comparison result of the voltage in the comparator A2, and the transistor Tr1 is always turned off, so that the forced power supply is interrupted. Done.

  Specifically, at this time (ΔV2> Vth2), since the output signal S2 from the comparator A2 is in the “L” state, the transistor Tr2 is turned off. As a result, the potential at the negative input terminal of the error amplifier A3 is pulled down from the original reference voltage Vref supplied from the power source PS3 to the ground (0 V) side and decreases. As a result, the output signal S3 from the error amplifier A3 = “H” state, and the transistor Tr1 is always turned off. Thus, when the transistor Tr1 is turned off, the current I2 does not flow between the source and the drain (I2 = 0A), and the power supply to the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly cut off. And even if the stop action of the current I2 by such positive feedback (overcurrent suppression action) works and the operation stop circuit 114 falls into an inoperable state, it operates until the overcurrent stops completely, The fear of heat generation in the transistor Tr1 is avoided. That is, for example, even when the power transmission unit 110 is in a failure state or a destruction state (such as when the operation stop circuit 114 is in an inoperable state), the possibility of heat generation in the power supply device 1 is avoided. The

  As described above, in the present embodiment, when an abnormal state (overload state) of the power feeding apparatus 1 is detected, the operation stop circuit 114 forcibly transmits power without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit 10A. Since it was made to stop, an unnecessary power transmission period can be shortened, for example, when a load state fluctuates and becomes an overload state. Therefore, it is possible to reduce power loss (power loss) due to fluctuations in the load state during power transmission using a magnetic field.

  Further, the operation stop circuit 114 forcibly stops power transmission when the detected voltage (voltage ΔV2) exceeds the threshold voltage Vth1, and also when the voltage ΔV2 exceeds the threshold voltage Vth2 larger than the threshold voltage Vth1. In the power limiting circuit 112, the power supply to the power transmission unit 110 is forcibly cut off. For example, even when the power transmission unit 110 is in a failure state or a breakdown state, the overcurrent is completely eliminated. It can be stopped, and the fear of heat generation in the power feeding device 1 (transistor Tr1) can be avoided. Therefore, it is possible to improve safety during power transmission using a magnetic field.

  Further, since the control unit 10 is arranged on the external power supply 9 side with respect to the power limiting circuit 112, power supply from the external power supply 9 to the control unit 10 side is always ensured, and priority is given to the control unit 10 side. Power distribution can be performed. Therefore, the stable operation of the control unit 10 is ensured, and it is possible to realize appropriate control regardless of the load state when performing power transmission using a magnetic field. Further, by clarifying the roles of power protection and power distribution in the power feeding system 4 (non-contact power feeding system), an effect of ensuring safety can be obtained.

  In addition, when the power transmission unit 110 performs power transmission using a resonance operation (LC resonance operation), the following advantages are also obtained. That is, since the resonance operation is performed, a configuration that is dull with respect to fluctuations in output power and strong against instantaneous power cut-off can be obtained. In other words, even if there is a sudden fluctuation in electric power, the so-called “pendulum principle” (inertial action) makes it possible to continue to move for a while (continue to send electric power).

<Second Embodiment>
Subsequently, a second embodiment of the present disclosure will be described. The same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted as appropriate.

[Configuration of Power Supply System 4A]
FIG. 10 is a circuit diagram illustrating a configuration example of a main part in the power supply system (power supply system 4A) according to the second embodiment. The power supply system 4A of the present embodiment includes one power supply device 1A and two electronic devices 2A and 2B. This power supply apparatus 1A is the same as the power supply apparatus 1 of the first embodiment except that a power limiting / modulating circuit 112A is provided instead of the power limiting circuit 112, and the other configurations are the same. The power limiting / modulating circuit 112A corresponds to a specific example of “power limiting unit” in the present disclosure.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 10, the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A has a configuration in which one OR circuit (OR circuit) LG2 is further added to the power limiting circuit 112 shown in FIG. In the logical sum circuit LG2, one input terminal is connected to the output terminal of the error amplifier A3, and the other input terminal receives the modulation data Dm output from the power transmission control unit (modulation processing unit) 10A. It has become. The output terminal of the OR circuit LG2 is connected to the gate of the transistor Tr1.

[Operation / Effect of Power Supply System 4A]
In the power feeding device 1A of the present embodiment, the power limiting operation is performed in the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A by the same technique as that of the power limiting circuit 112 of the first embodiment. At the same time, the power limiting / modulation circuit 112A performs an amplitude modulation (AM) operation such as ASK (Amplitude Shift Keying) modulation.

  Specifically, for example, as shown in FIG. 11, in the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A, the power limiting operation is performed in the power supply period Tc, while the amplitude modulating operation is performed in the communication period Tc. In the communication period Tc (light load), the power limiting operation by the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A is controlled by the power transmission control unit 10A, so that the communication based on the amplitude modulation described above is performed. In this way, in the present embodiment, a communication operation by amplitude modulation such as ASK modulation is realized relatively easily.

  In this communication period Tc, for example, as shown in detail in FIGS. 12A to 12D, a communication operation using amplitude modulation in the power limiting / modulation circuit 112A is performed. That is, first, for example, modulation data Dm as shown in FIG. 12A is supplied from the power transmission control unit 10A to the transistor Tr1 via the OR circuit LG2 in the power limiting / modulation circuit 112A. As a result, the DC signal Sdc output from the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A onto the power supply line Lp is, for example, a signal subjected to amplitude modulation as shown in FIG. Then, the AC signal generation circuit 113 generates an AC signal Sac based on the DC signal Sdc (see FIG. 12C), and finally a communication operation by amplitude modulation is performed (see FIG. 12D). ).

  In the communication operation by amplitude modulation using the power limiting operation by the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A, for example, compared with the communication operation using pulse width modulation in the AC signal generating circuit 113 described in the first embodiment, The following advantages are obtained.

  That is, in communication by pulse width modulation, for example, as indicated by the broken line in FIG. 6D described above, the positive and negative waveforms in the AC signal (here, the voltage V (L1) across the power transmission coil L1) are different. (Becomes asymmetric) and has a waveform including so-called even-order harmonic components (including second harmonics). Here, when the AC signal is demodulated (envelope detection) in the secondary device, the noise of even-order harmonic components distorts the communication waveform, so that the C / N ratio (Carrier to Noise ratio) Ratio) may deteriorate and communication quality may deteriorate.

  In contrast, in communication using amplitude modulation, for example, as indicated by a broken line in FIG. 12D, positive and negative waveforms in an AC signal (voltage V (L1) between both ends of the power transmission coil L1) match (symmetrical). And a waveform including so-called odd-order harmonic components. As a result, the C / N ratio when demodulating (envelope detection) the AC signal in the secondary side device is improved, and the communication quality is also improved.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the communication by the amplitude modulation is performed by controlling the power limiting operation by the power limiting / modulating circuit 112A in the communication period Tc, so that the effect of the first embodiment is achieved. In addition, the communication quality during the communication period Tc can be improved. In addition, since the power limiting / modulation circuit 112A is responsible for both power limiting operation and modulation operation (amplitude modulation operation) (both functions are shared), the cost of the apparatus, the number of mounted parts, and the small size are reduced. It is also possible to make it easier.

<Modification>
As described above, the technology of the present disclosure has been described with some embodiments, but the technology is not limited to these embodiments, and various modifications are possible.

  For example, although various coils (power transmission coil, power reception coil) are described in the above embodiment, various configurations (shapes) of these coils can be used. That is, for example, spiral shape and loop shape, bar shape using magnetic material, α winding shape that spiral coils are folded in two layers, further multilayer spiral shape, helical with winding wound in the thickness direction Each coil can be configured depending on the shape and the like. Moreover, each coil may be not only a wound coil made of a conductive wire, but also a conductive pattern coil made of a printed board, a flexible printed board, or the like.

  In the above embodiment, the electronic device has been described as an example of the power supply target device. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and may be a power supply target device other than the electronic device (for example, a vehicle such as an electric vehicle). Good.

  Furthermore, in the above-described embodiment, each component of the power feeding device and the electronic device has been specifically described. However, it is not necessary to include all the components, and other components may be further included. . For example, in a power supply device or an electronic device, a communication function, some control function, a display function, a function for authenticating a secondary side device, a function for discriminating that a secondary side device is on the primary side device, a dissimilar metal A function for detecting contamination such as may be installed.

  In addition, in the above-described embodiment, the case where a plurality of (two) electronic devices are mainly provided in the power feeding system has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the power feeding system includes Only one electronic device may be provided.

  In the above embodiment, a charging tray for a small electronic device (CE device) such as a mobile phone has been described as an example of a power feeding device. However, as a power feeding device, such a household charging tray is used. Is not limited, and can be applied as a charger for various electronic devices. Further, it is not necessarily a tray, and may be a stand for an electronic device such as a so-called cradle.

(Example of a power feeding system that uses an electric field to transmit power in a contactless manner)
Moreover, in the said embodiment, the case of the electric power feeding system which performs non-contact electric power transmission (electric power feeding) using the magnetic field with respect to the electronic device as a secondary side apparatus from the electric power feeder as a primary side apparatus is made into an example. Although it has been described, it is not limited to this. In other words, the present disclosure may be applied to a power supply system that performs electric power transmission using an electric field (electric field coupling) from a power supply device as a primary device to an electronic device as a secondary device. It is possible to obtain the same effects as those of the above embodiment.

  Specifically, for example, the power supply system illustrated in FIG. 13 includes one power supply device 81 (primary device) and one electronic device 82 (secondary device). The power feeding device 81 mainly includes a power transmission unit 810 including a power transmission electrode E1 (primary side electrode), an AC signal source 811 (oscillator), and a ground electrode Eg1. The electronic device 82 mainly includes a power receiving unit 820 including a power receiving electrode E2 (secondary side electrode), a rectifier circuit 821, a load 822, and a ground electrode Eg2. That is, this power feeding system includes two sets of electrodes, that is, a power transmission electrode E1 and a power reception electrode E2, and ground electrodes Eg1 and Eg2. In other words, the power feeding device 81 (primary device) and the electronic device 82 (secondary device) each have an antenna having a pair of asymmetric electrode structures such as a monopole antenna inside the device. .

  In the power feeding system having such a configuration, when the power transmitting electrode E1 and the power receiving electrode E2 face each other, the above-described non-contact antennas are coupled to each other (electric field coupling is performed along the vertical direction of the electrodes). Then, an induction electric field is generated between them, and thereby electric power transmission using the electric field is performed (see electric power P8 shown in FIG. 13). Specifically, for example, as schematically shown in FIG. 14, the generated electric field (inductive electric field Ei) propagates from the power transmission electrode E1 side to the power reception electrode E2 side, and the ground electrode Eg2 side grounds. The generated induced electric field Ei propagates toward the electrode Eg1 side. That is, a loop path of the generated induced electric field Ei is formed between the primary device and the secondary device. Even in a non-contact power supply system using such an electric field, it is possible to obtain the same effect by applying the same method as in the above embodiment.

In addition, this technique can also take the following structures.
(1)
A power transmission unit that transmits power using a magnetic field or an electric field;
A control unit including a power transmission control unit for controlling the power transmission;
An operation stopping unit that forcibly stops the power transmission without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit when an abnormal state of the device is detected.
(2)
The power supply device according to (1), wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the power transmission by invalidating the control signal for power transmission.
(3)
The power supply device according to (2), wherein the operation stop unit includes a switching unit that switches between enabling and disabling the control signal according to whether or not the abnormal state is detected.
(4)
The power supply device according to any one of (1) to (3), wherein a power limiting unit is disposed on a power supply line from an external power source to the power transmission unit.
(5)
The operation stop unit is
A voltage detection unit for detecting a voltage between input and output in the power limiting unit;
The power feeding device according to (4), wherein the power transmission is forcibly stopped according to a magnitude of a voltage detected by the voltage detection unit.
(6)
The power supply device according to (5), wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the power transmission when the detected voltage exceeds a first threshold.
(7)
When the detection voltage exceeds a second threshold value that is greater than the first threshold value,
The power supply unit according to (6), wherein the power restriction unit forcibly cuts off power supply to the power transmission unit.
(8)
The power limiting unit is
An error amplifier that controls a power limiting operation according to a potential difference between a voltage corresponding to an input current from the external power supply and a reference voltage;
The power supply device according to (7), wherein when the detected voltage exceeds the second threshold, the power supply to the power transmission unit is forcibly cut off by controlling the magnitude of the reference voltage.
(9)
The power limiting unit is
Having a transistor on the power supply line;
The power supply device according to (8), wherein the power supply to the power transmission unit is forcibly cut off by controlling the magnitude of the reference voltage to set the transistor in an off state.
(10)
The first threshold value defines whether or not the device is in an overload state during normal operation,
Said 2nd threshold value prescribes | regulates whether the said power transmission part is a failure state or a destruction state. The electric power feeder in any one of said (7) thru | or (9).
(11)
The power supply device according to any one of (7) to (10), wherein when the detected voltage exceeds the second threshold, the operation stop unit is in an inoperable state.
(12)
The power feeding device according to any one of (4) to (11), wherein the control unit is disposed closer to the external power source than the power limiting unit.
(13)
The power transmission control unit
While controlling so that the power supply period for performing the power transmission to the power supply target device and the communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time division manner,
The power feeding device according to any one of (4) to (12), wherein communication by amplitude modulation is performed by controlling a power limiting operation by the power limiting unit in the communication period.
(14)
The power supply device according to (13), wherein the power limiting unit performs a power limiting operation in the power supply period and performs an amplitude modulation operation in the communication period.
(15)
The power transmission control unit performs control so that a power supply period for performing power transmission to a power supply target device and a communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time-sharing manner,
The power supply device according to any one of (1) to (14), wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the communication when the abnormal state is detected in the communication period.
(16)
An AC signal generator for generating an AC signal for performing the power transmission,
The power transmission device according to any one of (1) to (15), wherein the power transmission control unit controls the power transmission by controlling an operation of the AC signal generation unit.
(17)
The AC signal generator is configured using a switching amplifier including a switching element,
The power transmission control unit according to (16), wherein the power transmission control unit controls an on / off operation of the switching element using the control signal for power transmission.
(18)
The power transmission control unit
While controlling so that the power supply period for performing the power transmission to the power supply target device and the communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time division manner,
The power feeding device according to (17), wherein communication by pulse width modulation is performed by controlling a duty ratio of the control signal in the communication period.
(19)
The power transmission unit according to any one of (1) to (18), wherein the power transmission unit performs the power transmission using a resonance operation.
(20)
One or more electronic devices;
A power supply device for transmitting power to the electronic device,
The power supply device
A power transmission unit that performs the power transmission using a magnetic field or an electric field;
A control unit including a power transmission control unit for controlling the power transmission;
An operation stopping unit that forcibly stops the power transmission without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit when an abnormal state of the apparatus is detected.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1,1A, 81 ... Power feeding apparatus (primary side apparatus), 10 ... Control part, 10A ... Power transmission control part (modulation processing part), 10B ... Data transmission control part, 11 ... Power transmission apparatus, 110, 810 ... Power transmission part, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 111 ... Current detection circuit, 112 ... Power limit circuit, 112A ... Power limit / modulation circuit, 113 ... AC signal generation circuit, 114 ... Operation stop circuit, 13 ... Data transmission part, 2A, 2B, 82 ... Electronic equipment (secondary Side device), 21 ... power receiving device, 210, 820 ... power receiving unit, 211 ... rectifier circuit, 212 ... charging circuit, 213 ... battery, 22 ... load, 23 ... data transmission unit, 4, 4A ... power feeding system, 811 ... AC Signal source, 821 ... rectifier circuit, 822 ... load, 9 ... external power supply, S1 ... power transmission surface, L1 ... power transmission coil, L2 ... power reception coil, E1 ... power transmission electrode (primary side electrode), E2 ... power reception electrode (secondary) Side electrode), 1p, C1s, C2p, C2s ... capacitor, Eg1, Eg2 ... ground electrode, A1, A3 ... error amplifier (error amplifier), A2, A4 ... comparator (comparator), Tr1, Tr2, Tr3 ... transistor, R1 ... resistor LG1, ... AND circuit, LG2 ... OR circuit (OR circuit), PS1, PS2, PS3 ... power supply, CTL ... control signal, Sdc ... DC signal, Sac ... AC signal, S1-S5 ... signal, Dm ... modulation data, V1 ... voltage, ΔV2 ... potential difference (voltage), Vref ... reference voltage, Vth1, Vth2 ... threshold voltage, I1, I2, I3 ... current, Ith ... threshold current, Tp ... power supply period, Tc ... communication period , Lp: power supply line.

Claims (20)

  1. A power transmission unit that transmits power using a magnetic field or an electric field;
    A control unit including a power transmission control unit for controlling the power transmission;
    An operation stopping unit that forcibly stops the power transmission without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit when an abnormal state of the device is detected.
  2. The power supply device according to claim 1, wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the power transmission by invalidating the control signal for power transmission.
  3. The power supply apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the operation stop unit includes a switching unit that switches between enabling and disabling the control signal according to whether or not the abnormal state is detected.
  4. The power feeding device according to claim 1, wherein a power limiting unit is disposed on a power supply line from an external power source to the power transmission unit.
  5. The operation stop unit is
    A voltage detection unit for detecting a voltage between input and output in the power limiting unit;
    The power feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the power transmission is forcibly stopped according to a magnitude of a voltage detected by the voltage detection unit.
  6. The power supply device according to claim 5, wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the power transmission when the detected voltage exceeds a first threshold.
  7. When the detection voltage exceeds a second threshold value that is greater than the first threshold value,
    The power supply device according to claim 6, wherein the power restriction unit forcibly cuts off power supply to the power transmission unit.
  8. The power limiting unit is
    An error amplifier that controls a power limiting operation according to a potential difference between a voltage corresponding to an input current from the external power supply and a reference voltage;
    The power feeding device according to claim 7, wherein when the detected voltage exceeds the second threshold, the power supply to the power transmission unit is forcibly cut off by controlling the magnitude of the reference voltage.
  9. The power limiting unit is
    Having a transistor on the power supply line;
    The power supply apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the power supply to the power transmission unit is forcibly cut off by controlling the magnitude of the reference voltage to set the transistor in an off state.
  10. The first threshold value defines whether or not the device is in an overload state during normal operation,
    The power supply apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the second threshold value defines whether or not the power transmission unit is in a failure state or a destruction state.
  11. The power feeding device according to claim 7, wherein when the detected voltage exceeds the second threshold, the operation stop unit is in an inoperable state.
  12. The power feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the control unit is disposed closer to the external power source than the power limiting unit.
  13. The power transmission control unit
    While controlling so that the power supply period for performing the power transmission to the power supply target device and the communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time division manner,
    The power feeding device according to claim 4, wherein communication by amplitude modulation is performed by controlling a power limiting operation by the power limiting unit in the communication period.
  14. The power feeding device according to claim 13, wherein the power limiting unit performs a power limiting operation during the power feeding period and performs an amplitude modulation operation during the communication period.
  15. The power transmission control unit performs control so that a power supply period for performing power transmission to a power supply target device and a communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time-sharing manner,
    The power supply device according to claim 1, wherein the operation stop unit forcibly stops the communication when the abnormal state is detected in the communication period.
  16. An AC signal generator for generating an AC signal for performing the power transmission,
    The power feeding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the power transmission control unit controls the power transmission by controlling an operation of the AC signal generation unit.
  17. The AC signal generator is configured using a switching amplifier including a switching element,
    The power feeding device according to claim 16, wherein the power transmission control unit controls an on / off operation of the switching element using the control signal for power transmission.
  18. The power transmission control unit
    While controlling so that the power supply period for performing the power transmission to the power supply target device and the communication period for performing predetermined communication with the power supply target device are set in a time division manner,
    The power feeding device according to claim 17, wherein communication by pulse width modulation is performed by controlling a duty ratio of the control signal in the communication period.
  19. The power feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the power transmission unit performs the power transmission using a resonance operation.
  20. One or more electronic devices;
    A power supply device for transmitting power to the electronic device,
    The power supply device
    A power transmission unit that performs the power transmission using a magnetic field or an electric field;
    A control unit including a power transmission control unit for controlling the power transmission;
    An operation stopping unit that forcibly stops the power transmission without using the power transmission control by the power transmission control unit when an abnormal state of the apparatus is detected.
JP2012092847A 2011-10-21 2012-04-16 Power-feed device and power-feed system Pending JP2013102665A (en)

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JP2012092847A JP2013102665A (en) 2011-10-21 2012-04-16 Power-feed device and power-feed system
PCT/JP2012/077661 WO2013077140A1 (en) 2011-10-21 2012-10-19 Contactless power supply apparatus

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