JP2009046840A - Rainwater cleaning guide device - Google Patents

Rainwater cleaning guide device Download PDF

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JP2009046840A
JP2009046840A JP2007212533A JP2007212533A JP2009046840A JP 2009046840 A JP2009046840 A JP 2009046840A JP 2007212533 A JP2007212533 A JP 2007212533A JP 2007212533 A JP2007212533 A JP 2007212533A JP 2009046840 A JP2009046840 A JP 2009046840A
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rainwater
pipe
guide
filtration bucket
vertical
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JP5296347B2 (en
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Hisashi Kamata
鎌田久
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Teral Inc
テラル株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a rainwater cleaning guide device which facilitates removal of fallen leaves, sand, etc. filtered out of rainwater by a cleaning section 2, to the outside of a rainwater channel. <P>SOLUTION: According to the structure of the rainwater cleaning guide device, a filtering bucket 5 is set in the cleaning section 2 in a down pipe line 1 in an erect position in which an opening is located on an upper side and a bottom surface 5a is located on a lower side, and by loosening a fastening bolt 8a by manual operation and by applying manual operational force in the vertical direction, part of the down pipe line 1 is opened and moved, to thereby release a lateral outside portion of the filtering bucket 5. Herein the filtering bucket 5 filters out dust such as fallen leaves mixed in rainwater flowing down in the down pipe line 1 to the interior of the filtering bucket 5, and while the part of the down pipe line 1 is opened and moved, the filtering bucket 5 kept in the erect position, is laterally removed out of the down pipe line 1. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

この発明は、屋根上面などの集水個所に降った雨水を貯水タンクに捕集し、この捕集した雨水を例えば庭木への散水用などとして使用することを可能とする雨水貯溜供給システムに用いられるものであって、集水個所から貯水タンク内へ向け案内される雨水に混入した塵埃を除去するほか、初期雨水が貯水タンク内に流入するのを阻止する雨水浄化案内装置に関する。   The present invention is used in a rainwater storage and supply system that collects rainwater that has fallen on a water collection point such as the upper surface of a roof in a water storage tank, and can use the collected rainwater, for example, for watering garden trees. The present invention relates to a rainwater purification guide device that removes dust mixed in rainwater guided from a water collection point into a water storage tank and prevents initial rainwater from flowing into the water storage tank.

雨水浄化案内装置として、例えば特許文献1又は2に示すようなものが存在している。 これらの文献に開示された雨水浄化案内装置には、雨水中の砂などを除去する濾過部としてのフィルタや、塵埃の混入割合が比較的大きくて大気の影響から酸性となり易い初期雨水を除去するための初期雨水除去装置を備えている。   As a rainwater purification guide device, for example, there is one as shown in Patent Document 1 or 2. The rainwater purification guide apparatus disclosed in these documents removes a filter as a filtration unit that removes sand and the like in rainwater, and initial rainwater that has a relatively large dust mixing ratio and is likely to be acidic due to atmospheric influences. An initial rainwater removal device is provided.

このさい、フィルタが閉塞したときの清掃のための手段や、フィルタが閉塞したときの排水を確保するための手段の詳細が明示されていないのであり、また初期雨水除去装置はフロートや排水弁機構を具備した比較的複雑な構造となされている。   At this time, details of the means for cleaning when the filter is clogged and the means for securing drainage when the filter is clogged are not clearly shown, and the initial rainwater removal device is a float or drain valve mechanism. The structure is relatively complicated.

特開2001−115501号公報JP 2001-115501 A 特開2001−115502号公報JP 2001-115502 A

上記雨水浄化案内装置では、濾過部により雨水中から漉し出された枯れ葉や砂などを簡便に雨水通路の外方へ排除できる構造であること、また濾過部の濾過目(透過孔)が砂などの塵埃で閉塞されても集水個所からの雨水の排水が簡便に確保される構造であること、また雨水が濾過部を通過するさいの流動抵抗が小さいこと、さらには成る可く故障し難い構造であることなどが望まれる。
本発明は斯かる事項に対処できるものとした雨水浄化案内装置を提供することを目的とする。
The rainwater purification guide device has a structure that can easily remove dead leaves or sand dredged out of rainwater by the filtration part, and the filtration part (permeation hole) of the filtration part is sand, etc. Even if it is clogged with dust, it has a structure that ensures easy drainage of rainwater from the water collection point, low flow resistance when rainwater passes through the filtration section, and it is also unlikely to fail. The structure is desired.
An object of this invention is to provide the rainwater purification guide apparatus which can cope with such a matter.

上記目的を達成するため、本発明に係る雨水浄化案内装置は、請求項1に記載したように、屋根上面などの集水個所で集められた雨水を立て管路内を介して自重により流下させ、該流下中に立て管路内の浄化部で浄化処理し、該処理後の清浄な雨水を貯水タンク内に流入させる雨水浄化案内装置において、前記立て管路内の浄化部に濾過バケットを、これの開口が上側に位置され底面部が下側に位置された正立姿勢に設置し、且つ前記立て管路の一部が手操作による締結ボルトの弛緩と上下方向の手操作力の付与とにより開放移動されて濾過バケットの横方が開放される構造となされており、このさい前記濾過バケットは前記立て管路内を流下する雨水に混入した枯れ葉などの塵埃を該濾過バケット内方に漉し取ると共に、前記開放移動された状態の下で、該濾過バケットが前記正立姿勢のまま立て管路の横外方へ取り出されることを特徴とするものである。   In order to achieve the above object, a rainwater purification guide apparatus according to the present invention, as described in claim 1, causes rainwater collected at a water collection point such as a roof top surface to flow down by its own weight through a vertical pipe. In the rainwater purification guide device for purifying the purified rainwater in the vertical pipe during the flow down and flowing the clean rainwater after the treatment into the storage tank, a filtration bucket is provided in the purification section in the vertical pipe, It is installed in an upright posture in which the opening is positioned on the upper side and the bottom surface portion is positioned on the lower side, and a part of the vertical pipe line is loosened by a manual operation and application of a manual operation force in the vertical direction In this case, the filtration bucket is configured to open the side of the filtration bucket, and the filtration bucket is configured to filter dust such as dead leaves mixed in rain water flowing down the vertical pipe into the filtration bucket. Taking and moving the opening Under conditions, it is characterized in that the filtration bucket is taken toward the lateral outside of the left stand pipe of the erect posture.

この発明は次のように具体化するのがよい。
即ち、請求項2に記載したように、前記濾過バケットの横外周囲を液密状に包囲し且つ前記立て管路の長さ方向の一部をなしている管状包囲部材を上下方向への移動可能に形成し、該管状包囲部材が上下何れかの方向へ移動されることにより、前記濾過バケットの横外方の全周範囲が開放される構成とする。
The present invention is preferably embodied as follows.
That is, as described in claim 2, the tubular surrounding member that surrounds the outer periphery of the filtration bucket in a liquid-tight manner and that forms part of the length of the vertical conduit is moved in the vertical direction. It forms so that it is possible, and it is set as the structure by which the perimeter outside of the said filtration bucket is open | released when this tubular surrounding member is moved to the up-down direction.

また請求項3に記載したように、前記雨水に混入した状態で濾過バケットの濾過目を透過した砂などの塵埃を、垂直線回りの回転による遠心力と、重力による沈降作用とにより分離するサイクロン式分離機構部を浄化部の一部として形成する。   Further, as described in claim 3, the cyclone that separates dust such as sand that has passed through the filter mesh of the filtration bucket in a state of being mixed in the rainwater by centrifugal force due to rotation around a vertical line and sedimentation by gravity. The type separation mechanism part is formed as a part of the purification part.

また請求項4に記載したように、前記サイクロン式分離機構部が、前記濾過バケットの下流側の立て管路部分に連続した逆円錐状立て管路部分を備えると共に、前記濾過バケットより下流側で前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の上部よりも上流側となる位置に、前記垂直線回りの回転流れを強制的に発生させる渦発生ガイドを形成されている構成とする。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the cyclonic separation mechanism includes an inverted conical standing pipe portion continuous with a standing pipe portion downstream of the filtration bucket, and further downstream of the filtration bucket. A vortex generating guide that forcibly generates a rotational flow around the vertical line is formed at a position upstream of the upper portion of the inverted conical standing pipe portion.

このさい、請求項5に記載したように、前記逆円錐状立て管路部分は最下部の内孔を最上部に流入する雨水量に関連した比較的小さい径の排除流出孔となされており、前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の内方を降下した砂などの塵埃が前記濾過バケットを透過した雨水の一部と共に前記排除流出孔を通じて外方へ流出される構成とする。   At this time, as described in claim 5, the inverted conical standing pipe portion is formed as an exclusion outflow hole having a relatively small diameter related to the amount of rainwater flowing into the uppermost portion of the inner hole at the lowermost portion, It is configured that dust such as sand descending inward of the inverted conical standing pipe portion flows out through the exclusion outflow hole together with a part of rainwater that has passed through the filtration bucket.

また請求項6に記載したように、渦発生ガイドよりも下流側で前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の上部又はこれよりも上方に位置した立て管路部分の中心近傍の雨水を貯水タンク内へ向け流出させるための雨水流出管路を設けた構成とする。   In addition, as described in claim 6, rainwater in the vicinity of the center of the vertical pipe portion positioned above or above the inverted conical vertical pipe portion on the downstream side of the vortex generation guide is introduced into the water storage tank. The rainwater outflow pipeline is provided to allow it to flow out.

また請求項7に記載したように、請求項1〜6の何れか1項に記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記濾過バケットよりも上流側の立て管路部分の周壁から溢流管路を分岐させた構成とする。   Further, as described in claim 7, in the rainwater purification guide device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, the overflow pipe is branched from the peripheral wall of the standing pipe part upstream of the filtration bucket. The configuration is as follows.

さらには請求項8に記載したように、請求項5又は6記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記濾過バケットよりも上流側の立て管路部分の内方と、前記排除流出孔の流出側に連通された排水路の内方とをバイパス管路で連通させた構成とする。このさいバイパス管路は上記溢流管路として機能する。   Furthermore, as described in claim 8, in the rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 5 or 6, communication is established between the inside of the vertical pipe portion upstream of the filtration bucket and the outflow side of the exclusion outflow hole. It is set as the structure which made the inside of the drainage channel made to communicate with the bypass pipe line. In this case, the bypass line functions as the overflow line.

本発明によれば、次のような効果が得られる。
即ち、請求項1に記載のものによれば、立て管路内の浄化部に濾過バケットを、これの開口が上側に位置され底面が下側に位置された正立姿勢に設置し、且つ前記立て管路の一部が手操作による締結ボルトの弛緩と手操作力の付与とにより開放移動されて濾過バケットの横方が開放される構造となされており、このさい前記濾過バケットは前記立て管路内を流下する雨水に混入した枯れ葉などの塵埃を該濾過バケット内方に漉し取ると共に、前記開放移動された状態の下で、濾過バケットが前記正立姿勢のまま立て管路外の横方へ取り外されるものとなされているため、濾過バケットを立て管路内から取り出して、濾過目の詰まり状況を点検したり或いは濾過バケットに漉し取られた枯れ葉などの塵埃を除去するさいに、用具を使用する必要がないために極めて簡便且つ迅速に処理することができ、濾過バケットを正立姿勢で取り出すことができるため、その内方に漉し出された塵埃を落下させることなく的確に処理することができる。
According to the present invention, the following effects can be obtained.
That is, according to the first aspect of the present invention, the filtration bucket is installed in the purification section in the vertical pipe, and the opening is installed in an upright posture in which the opening is positioned on the upper side and the bottom surface is positioned on the lower side. A part of the vertical pipe path is opened and moved by loosening the fastening bolt by manual operation and applying a manual operation force, and the lateral side of the filtration bucket is opened. Scatter dust such as dead leaves mixed in rain water flowing down the road into the inside of the filtration bucket, and in the opened state, the filtration bucket remains in the upright position and is located laterally outside the standing pipe. When removing the filtration bucket from the standing pipe and checking the clogging condition of the filter, or removing dust such as dead leaves that have been scraped off the filtration bucket, remove the tool. Need to use Can be processed very simply and quickly in order not, filtration buckets because it can be taken out in an erect posture, can be processed precisely without dropping the dust that Desa strained in its inwardly.

また請求項2記載のものによれば、請求項1記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、管状包囲部材を上下何れかへ移動させた状態の下で、立て管路内から濾過バケットをこれの横外周囲の広い範囲内での任意な方向へ取り出すことが可能となり、立て管路内からの濾過バケットの取り出しやその復旧処理が便利に行えるようになる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, the same effect as that of the first aspect of the invention can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained. That is, the tubular surrounding member is moved up or down. Under the condition, it becomes possible to take out the filtration bucket from the inside of the vertical pipe in any direction within a wide area around the side of the vertical pipe. You can do it conveniently.

また請求項3記載のものによれば、請求項2記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、濾過バケットの濾過目を通過した砂などの塵埃を流動抵抗の少ない状態で且つフロートや弁装置を使用しない簡易な構造により除去することができるのであり、さらには除去した砂などの塵埃が流動抵抗を増大させることのないものとなすことができる。   In addition, according to the third aspect, the same effect as the second aspect of the invention can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained, that is, sand that has passed through the filter eyes of the filtration bucket, etc. The dust can be removed with a simple structure that does not use a float or a valve device in a state of low flow resistance, and the removed sand or other dust does not increase the flow resistance. Can do.

また請求項4記載のものによれば、請求項3記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、渦発生ガイドの存在により動力を要することなく少ないスペースで逆円錐状立て管路部分内に安定的に渦を発生させることができ、砂などの塵埃を効率的に除去することのできるものである。   Further, according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the same effect as that of the third aspect of the invention can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained, that is, power is required due to the presence of the vortex generation guide. In addition, a vortex can be stably generated in the inverted conical standing pipe portion in a small space, and dust such as sand can be efficiently removed.

また請求項5記載のものによれば、請求項4記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、砂などの塵埃を連続的に排水管路に流出させることができるのであり、また降雨の初期雨水を人為操作を要することなく排水管路へ流出させて排除することができ、貯水タンク内に初期雨水の排除された清浄な雨水を溜めることができる。   According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, the same effect as that of the fourth aspect of the invention can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained. That is, dust such as sand can be continuously drained. It can be drained to the road, and the initial rainwater of the rain can be drained and drained to the drain pipe without requiring manual operation, and the clean rainwater from which the initial rainwater has been removed is stored in the storage tank. be able to.

また請求項6記載のものによれば、請求項4又は5記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、渦の成長する高さ位置の立て管路中心近傍に、砂などの塵埃が効果的に除去された状態の清浄な雨水が存在するようになり、この雨水を貯水タンク内に流下させることができる。   Further, according to the sixth aspect, the same effect as that of the fourth or fifth aspect of the invention can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained, that is, at the height position where the vortex grows. Clean rainwater from which dust such as sand is effectively removed is present in the vicinity of the center of the vertical pipe, and this rainwater can flow down into the water storage tank.

また請求項7記載のものによれば、請求項1〜6の何れか1項に記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、濾過バケットに枯れ葉などの塵埃が閉塞したとき、或いは時間当たりの降雨量が雨水流出管路からの流出可能量に比べて大き過ぎるときには、濾過バケットより上側の立て管路内に雨水が滞留していき、異形チーズ継ぎ手の枝管よりも高くなることが生じるが、このような場合には立て管路内に流入した雨水は溢流管から排水され、集水個所からの雨水の流下が確保される。   According to the seventh aspect of the invention, the same effect as the invention of any one of the first to sixth aspects can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained. When dust such as dead leaves is blocked, or when the amount of rainfall per hour is too large compared to the spillable amount from the stormwater outflow pipe, rainwater stays in the vertical pipe above the filtration bucket, In such a case, rainwater that has flowed into the standing pipe is drained from the overflow pipe, and the rainwater flows from the collecting point.

また請求項8記載のものによれば、請求項5、6の何れか1項に記載の発明と同様な効果が得られる上に次のような効果が得られるのであって、即ち、濾過バケットに枯れ葉などの塵埃が閉塞したとき、或いは時間当たりの降雨量が雨水流出管路からの流出可能量に比べて大き過ぎるときには、濾過バケットより上側の立て管路内に雨水が滞留していくのであり、このさい異形チーズ継ぎ手の枝管よりも高くなることが生じるが、このような場合には立て管路内に流入した雨水はバイパス管路から排水され、集水個所からの雨水の流下がコンパクトな構成により確保される。   Further, according to the eighth aspect of the invention, the same effect as the invention of any one of the fifth and sixth aspects can be obtained, and the following effect can be obtained. When dust such as dead leaves is blocked, or when the amount of rainfall per hour is too large compared to the amount that can flow out of the rainwater outflow pipe, rainwater will stay in the vertical pipe above the filtration bucket. However, in this case, the rainwater that flows into the vertical pipe is drained from the bypass pipe, and the rainwater flows from the collecting point. Secured by a compact configuration.

以下、本発明の実施例について図面を参照して説明する。
図1は本実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置の使用された雨水貯溜供給システムを示す正面視説明図、図2は前記雨水貯溜供給システムの貯水タンク周辺を示す平面図、図3は前記雨水貯溜供給システムの貯水タンク周辺を示す左側面図である。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view explanatory view showing a rainwater storage and supply system in which a rainwater purification guide device according to the present embodiment is used, FIG. 2 is a plan view showing the vicinity of a storage tank of the rainwater storage and supply system, and FIG. It is a left view which shows the water storage tank periphery of a supply system.

そして、図4は本実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置に係り一部を断面で示した拡大正面図、図5は前記雨水浄化案内装置の一部を示した平面図、図6は前記雨水浄化案内装置の一部を開放した様子を示す正面視説明図である。   4 is an enlarged front view showing a part of the rainwater purification guide apparatus according to the present embodiment in section, FIG. 5 is a plan view showing a part of the rainwater purification guide apparatus, and FIG. 6 is the rainwater purification guide. It is front view explanatory drawing which shows a mode that a part of guide apparatus was open | released.

図1〜図3において、100は本実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置であり、また101は貯水タンク、そして102は水供給ポンプである。これら雨水浄化案内装置100や貯水タンク101などからなる雨水貯溜供給システムは例えば一戸建て住宅などに設置されて使用される。   1 to 3, reference numeral 100 denotes a rainwater purification guide apparatus according to the present embodiment, 101 denotes a water storage tank, and 102 denotes a water supply pump. The rainwater storage and supply system including the rainwater purification guide device 100 and the water storage tank 101 is installed and used, for example, in a detached house.

雨水浄化案内装置100は、貯水タンク101近傍に任意な支持手段を介して固定された立て管路1を備えている。該立て管路1は、例えば呼び径75A程度の塩化ビニール管などで形成されていて、一戸建て住宅の屋根上面などの集水個所に降った雨水が重力作用により樋や通水管などを経て上方から流入するものとなされている。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus 100 includes a standing pipe line 1 fixed in the vicinity of the water storage tank 101 via an arbitrary support means. The vertical pipe 1 is formed of, for example, a polyvinyl chloride pipe having a nominal diameter of about 75A, and rainwater that has fallen on a water collection point such as the roof top surface of a detached house passes from the upper side through a gutter or a water pipe by gravity. It is supposed to flow in.

立て管路1には浄化部2が形成されており、該浄化部2はバケット式濾過部3と、サイクロン式分離機構部4とからなっている。   A purification unit 2 is formed in the vertical pipe 1, and the purification unit 2 includes a bucket-type filtration unit 3 and a cyclone-type separation mechanism unit 4.

バケット式濾過部3は、図4〜図6に示すように、立て管路1内に位置された濾過バケット5と、該濾過バケット5の外周囲を液密状に包囲し且つ立て管路1の長さ方向の一部をなしている管状包囲部材6とを備えている。濾過バケット5は底面部5a及び周面部5bからなる濾過面を有し、該濾過面に濾過目である多数の透孔を形成されると共に、上面のほぼ全体を開口となされており、使用中には、これの上側に位置する立て管路部分1aと、これの下側に位置する立て管路部分1bとの間に、開口を上側に位置され底面5aを下側に位置された正立姿勢で配置され、下側の立て管路1bの上端に固定された渦発生ガイド7の上面に形成された平面視円形の窪み個所7aに底面部5aを嵌合された状態となされて支持されている。このさい、上側に位置する立て管路1aは濾過バケット5の上面の開口の直径よりも小径であり且つ該開口と略同心に配置されている。   As shown in FIGS. 4 to 6, the bucket-type filtration unit 3 surrounds the filtration bucket 5 positioned in the standing pipe 1 and the outer periphery of the filtration bucket 5 in a liquid-tight manner and stands up the pipe 1. And a tubular surrounding member 6 forming a part in the longitudinal direction. The filtration bucket 5 has a filtration surface composed of a bottom surface portion 5a and a peripheral surface portion 5b, and a large number of through holes as filtration eyes are formed in the filtration surface, and almost the entire upper surface is opened, and in use In this case, an upright is positioned between the upright pipe portion 1a located on the upper side and the upright pipe portion 1b located on the lower side, and the bottom surface 5a is located on the lower side. The bottom surface portion 5a is fitted into and supported by a circular recess 7a formed on the upper surface of the vortex generating guide 7 which is arranged in a posture and is fixed to the upper end of the lower vertical pipe 1b. ing. At this time, the standing pipe line 1a located on the upper side is smaller in diameter than the diameter of the opening on the upper surface of the filtration bucket 5, and is arranged substantially concentrically with the opening.

一方、管状包囲部材6は呼び径150A程度の管部材で形成された周壁部6aと、該周壁部6aの上端面に固着された環状の上面板6bと、該上面板6bの内孔個所から上方へ立ち上がり状となるように固着され上側の立て管路1aの周壁部に上下動可能に外嵌される筒部材6cとを備え、筒部材6cの周壁部にはナット部材8を固着されると共に該ナット部材8に手操作用摘みの形成された締結ボルト8aが螺合された構成となされている。立て管路1内を雨水が流下するとき、管状包囲部材6は、図4に示すように上下移動可能範囲の最下位置まで降下されて下端部が渦発生ガイド7の外周囲に密状に外嵌された状態となされ且つ締結ボルト8aを締結側へ回し操作されて、立て管路1に同体状且つ略液密状に固定された状態となされる。したがって、管状包囲部材6は立て管路1の一部として機能する。   On the other hand, the tubular surrounding member 6 includes a peripheral wall portion 6a formed of a pipe member having a nominal diameter of about 150A, an annular upper surface plate 6b fixed to the upper end surface of the peripheral wall portion 6a, and an inner hole portion of the upper surface plate 6b. And a cylindrical member 6c that is fixed so as to rise upward and is externally fitted to the peripheral wall portion of the upper standing pipe 1a so as to be movable up and down. A nut member 8 is fixed to the peripheral wall portion of the cylindrical member 6c. At the same time, the nut member 8 is configured to be screwed with a fastening bolt 8a in which a knob for manual operation is formed. When rainwater flows down in the vertical pipe 1, the tubular surrounding member 6 is lowered to the lowest position in the vertically movable range as shown in FIG. 4, and the lower end is densely formed around the outer periphery of the vortex generating guide 7. The outer fitting state is achieved, and the fastening bolt 8a is turned to the fastening side, and is operated in a state of being fixed to the standing pipe 1 in the same body shape and in a substantially liquid-tight state. Therefore, the tubular surrounding member 6 functions as a part of the standing duct 1.

渦発生ガイド7は、図5に示すような環状となされると共に、立て管路1の中心線a1回りの一定角度間隔位置のそれぞれに半径方向に対し平面視で数十度程度傾斜した矢印方向a2の水流れを生成させるための通水溝7bを形成したものとなされている。
各通水溝7bは、雨水がこれの上側から流入して下側へ流出するとき、下側の立て管路1bの内壁面に沿う傾向の水流れを生成させ、渦発生ガイド7の下側近傍に中心線a1回りの矢印方向a2側へ旋回する渦を発生させるように機能する。
The vortex generating guide 7 has an annular shape as shown in FIG. 5 and is in the direction of an arrow inclined at a certain angular interval around the center line a1 of the vertical duct 1 by several tens of degrees in plan view with respect to the radial direction. The water flow groove 7b for generating the water flow a2 is formed.
Each water flow groove 7b generates a water flow that tends to follow the inner wall surface of the lower vertical pipe 1b when rainwater flows in from the upper side and flows out to the lower side. It functions to generate a vortex that turns in the vicinity in the direction of the arrow a2 around the center line a1.

サイクロン式分離機構部4は、渦発生ガイド7の直下に位置して渦生成空間として機能する呼び径125A程度の前記立て管路部分1bと、該立て管路部分1bに連続して下方へ延びた逆円錐状立て管路部分8と、立て管路1内の雨水を貯水タンク101へ流出させるための雨水流出管路9とを備えている。   The cyclonic separation mechanism unit 4 is located immediately below the vortex generation guide 7 and functions as a vortex generation space. The vertical pipe portion 1b having a nominal diameter of about 125A, and extends downward continuously from the vertical pipe portion 1b. In addition, an inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 and a rainwater outflow pipe 9 for allowing rainwater in the standing pipe 1 to flow out to the water storage tank 101 are provided.

逆円錐状立て管路部分8は最上部を呼び径125Aの管の直径と同等となされ、且つ最下部を呼び径75Aの管の直径と同等となされると共に、全長を例えば250mm〜450mmの範囲内の長さとなされる。このさい、上記最下部の内方には砂などを排出するための孔であって直径を砂の閉塞しない程度の大きさ(例えば3〜5mm程度)となされた排除流出孔10が形成される。このような形態となされた逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内方では、砂などの混入物が渦発生ガイド7の発生させた渦に伴う回転移動に基づく遠心力と、混入物に作用する重力とにより、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内周面に沿って回転しながら沈降するため、排除流出孔10の上方から排除流出孔10に到達するまでの、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内周面は漸次に小径化させるのが好ましい。   The inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 has the uppermost portion equivalent to the diameter of a pipe having a nominal diameter of 125A and the lowermost portion equivalent to the diameter of a pipe having a nominal diameter of 75A, and has a total length of, for example, 250 mm to 450 mm. It is made with the length within. At this time, a drainage outflow hole 10 that is a hole for discharging sand or the like and having a diameter that does not block the sand (for example, about 3 to 5 mm) is formed inside the lowermost part. . In the inside of the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 configured as described above, contaminants such as sand act on the centrifugal force based on the rotational movement accompanying the vortex generated by the vortex generating guide 7 and the contaminant. Because the gravity sinks while rotating along the inner peripheral surface of the inverted conical standing pipe section 8, the inverted conical standing pipe section from the upper part of the exclusion outflow hole 10 to the exclusion outflow hole 10 is reached. It is preferable that the inner peripheral surface of 8 is gradually reduced in diameter.

そして雨水流出管路9は、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の上部或いはこれよりも幾分上方の中心位置近傍の雨水を流出させるように形成されると共に、渦発生ガイド7の下流側で逆円錐状立て管路部分8の上部となる高さ範囲内に位置され横向き管路部分9aを逆円錐状立て管路部分8の周壁部に固着される。このさい、雨水流出管路9は渦発生ガイド7から例えば立て管路部分1bの直径の0.8倍以上の距離だけ下方へ離して位置させると共に下側から雨水を流入させる垂直状の流入始端部9bを具備したものとなすのであり、このようにすれば渦発生ガイド7で発生される渦の成長が雨水流出管路9で妨げられる度合いが抑制されると共に、砂などの混入物は自身の公転により逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内方の外周側へ移動されるため流入始端部9b内に流入する雨水が砂などの混入物を雨水流出管路9内に誘い込み難い状態となる。   The rainwater outflow pipe 9 is formed so as to flow rainwater in the upper part of the inverted conical standing pipe section 8 or in the vicinity of the center position somewhat above it, and on the downstream side of the vortex generating guide 7. The lateral pipe part 9 a located within the height range that is the upper part of the conical standing pipe part 8 is fixed to the peripheral wall part of the inverted conical standing pipe part 8. At this time, the rainwater outflow pipe 9 is positioned downward from the vortex generation guide 7 by a distance of, for example, 0.8 times or more the diameter of the vertical pipe section 1b, and the vertical inflow start end from which rainwater flows in from below. In this way, the degree to which the growth of the vortex generated by the vortex generating guide 7 is hindered by the rainwater outflow pipe 9 is suppressed, and contaminants such as sand are contained in itself. As a result of this revolution, the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 is moved to the inner peripheral side, so that the rainwater flowing into the inflow start end portion 9b is unlikely to attract contaminants such as sand into the rainwater outflow pipeline 9. .

11は雨水流出管路9に接続された雨水案内管であり、雨水流出管路9から流出した雨水を貯水タンク101に導くものである。また12は排除流出孔10に連通された呼び径75A程度の排水管路であり、排除流出孔10から流出した雨水や、これに含まれる砂などの混入物を他所へ流下させるものである。   Reference numeral 11 denotes a rainwater guide pipe connected to the rainwater outflow pipe 9, which guides rainwater flowing out from the rainwater outflow pipe 9 to the water storage tank 101. Reference numeral 12 denotes a drainage pipe having a nominal diameter of about 75A, which is communicated with the drainage outflow hole 10 and allows rainwater flowing out from the drainage outflow hole 10 and contaminants such as sand contained therein to flow down to other places.

排水管路12の内方と、上記濾過バケット5よりも上流側の立て管路部分1aとは呼び径50Aのバイパス管路13で連通されている。該バイパス管路13は、濾過バケット5が閉塞するなどして立て管路部分1a内に雨水が滞留したときに該雨水を排水管路12内へ流下させる溢流管として機能するものである。   The inside of the drainage pipe 12 and the standing pipe part 1a on the upstream side of the filtration bucket 5 are communicated with each other by a bypass pipe 13 having a nominal diameter of 50A. The bypass pipe 13 functions as an overflow pipe that causes the rainwater to flow down into the drainage pipe 12 when rainwater stays in the standing pipe portion 1 a due to the filtration bucket 5 being closed.

したがって、該バイパス管路13は立て管路部分1a内に雨水が滞留することなく流下している状態では、雨水がバイパス管路13内へ流入し難い通路構造となされるのであり、具体的には立て管路部分1aの長さ途中に異形チーズ継ぎ手14を設け、該異形チーズ継ぎ手14の枝管14aを延長するようになされる。   Accordingly, the bypass pipe 13 has a passage structure in which rainwater does not easily flow into the bypass pipe 13 in a state where the rainwater does not stay in the vertical pipe portion 1a. Is provided with a deformed cheese joint 14 in the middle of the length of the standing pipe portion 1a, and the branch pipe 14a of the deformed cheese joint 14 is extended.

貯水タンク101は樹脂材からなり、容量は例えば500リットル〜1000リットル程度のものとなされるのであって、上面にはポンプ据付座15が形成されると共に蓋16で開放可能に覆われた比較的大きな開口が形成され、左側面には雨水案内管11を接続される雨水流入口17が形成されている。   The water storage tank 101 is made of a resin material and has a capacity of, for example, about 500 liters to 1000 liters. A pump mounting seat 15 is formed on the upper surface and is covered with a lid 16 so as to be openable. A large opening is formed, and a rainwater inlet 17 to which the rainwater guide pipe 11 is connected is formed on the left side surface.

また給水ポンプ102の左側に形成された水吸引口18からは吸水管19が延出され貯水タンク101の上面の開口を通じて貯水タンク101内方の底部まで導かれており、また給水ポンプ102の正面に2つの標準吐出口20a、20bが設けられ、そして背面側に1つの予備吐出口20cが設けられていて、これら吐出口20a、20b、20cのうちの任意なものが使用状態となされ、不使用のものは板部材などで閉塞されるようになされている。   A water suction pipe 19 extends from a water suction port 18 formed on the left side of the water supply pump 102 and is led to the bottom inside the water storage tank 101 through an opening on the upper surface of the water storage tank 101. Are provided with two standard discharge ports 20a and 20b, and one preliminary discharge port 20c is provided on the back side. Any one of these discharge ports 20a, 20b and 20c is put into use, and The used one is closed by a plate member or the like.

貯水タンク101の上面には減水検出装置21が配設されると共に該減水検出装置21の検出要部21aであるフロートが貯水タンク101の上面の開口を通じてその内方へ導入されており、貯水タンク101内の水位が例えば特定レベルb1以下となったときに該状態を減水検出装置21が電気的に検出して信号を発し給水ポンプ102の電気制御部や警報発生部に伝達するものとなされている。   A water reduction detection device 21 is disposed on the upper surface of the water storage tank 101, and a float which is a detection main part 21 a of the water reduction detection device 21 is introduced inward through the opening on the upper surface of the water storage tank 101. For example, when the water level in 101 becomes equal to or lower than a specific level b1, the water reduction detection device 21 detects the state electrically, generates a signal, and transmits the signal to the electric control unit and the alarm generation unit of the water supply pump 102. Yes.

該電気制御部は減水検出装置21の前記信号を伝達されることにより、給水ポンプ102の電気駆動部を停止させると共に、貯水タンク101内の水位が特定レベルより高くなったとき減水検出装置21の発した信号が消失して、給水ポンプ102を作動可能状態に復帰させる構成となされている。   The electric control unit stops the electric drive unit of the water supply pump 102 by transmitting the signal of the water reduction detection device 21 and also detects the water reduction detection device 21 when the water level in the water storage tank 101 becomes higher than a specific level. The generated signal disappears, and the feed water pump 102 is returned to an operable state.

さらに貯水タンク101の右側面には図示しない水道管に接続される水道水供給口22が形成されており、該水道水供給口22の貯水タンク101内方側にフロート弁23が設けられている。該フロート弁23は貯水タンク101の水位をフロート23aで検出し、該水位が特定レベルb2より高くなったときに弁部23bを閉鎖させ、特定レベルb2以下となったときそれを開放するように作動するものである。そして24は溢流口であり、貯水タンク101内の水位が特定レベルb2よりも一定程度高くなったとき貯水タンク101内の水が溢流するようになされている。
なお、25は給水ポンプ102の電源ケーブルであり、26は貯水タンク101のドレン抜き口部である。
Further, a tap water supply port 22 connected to a water pipe (not shown) is formed on the right side surface of the water storage tank 101, and a float valve 23 is provided inside the water storage tank 101 of the tap water supply port 22. . The float valve 23 detects the water level of the water storage tank 101 with the float 23a, and closes the valve portion 23b when the water level becomes higher than the specific level b2, and opens it when the water level becomes lower than the specific level b2. It works. Reference numeral 24 denotes an overflow port, and the water in the water storage tank 101 overflows when the water level in the water storage tank 101 becomes a certain level higher than the specific level b2.
In addition, 25 is a power cable of the water supply pump 102, and 26 is a drain outlet of the water storage tank 101.

次に上記した雨水貯溜供給システムの取扱いや作用などについて説明する。
電源ケーブル24から給電して、給水ポンプ102、減水検出装置21などの作動し得る状態とする。また水道水供給口22は水道管に図示しない止め弁を介して接続させる。
Next, the handling and operation of the above-described rainwater storage and supply system will be described.
Power is supplied from the power cable 24 so that the water supply pump 102, the water reduction detection device 21 and the like can be operated. The tap water supply port 22 is connected to a water pipe via a stop valve (not shown).

この状態の下で降雨が始まると、屋根上面などの集水個所に雨水が受け止められて、図示しない樋に集水され、続いて立て管路1内を重力作用により流下する。この雨水は濾過バケット5の濾過目が枯れ葉などで閉塞されない限り、立て管路1内に一定量以上に滞留することはないのであり、したがって、雨水はバイパス管路13内に流入することは生じない。   When rain starts under this condition, rainwater is received at water collection points such as the top surface of the roof, collected in a trough (not shown), and then flows down in the vertical pipe 1 by gravity. This rainwater does not stay in the standing pipe 1 more than a certain amount unless the filter eyes of the filter bucket 5 are blocked by dead leaves, and therefore rainwater does not flow into the bypass pipe 13. Absent.

濾過バケット5に到達した雨水はこれに含まれる枯れ葉などの比較的大きな塵埃を濾過バケット5の側周面や底面に形成された比較的大きな透孔群からなる濾過目で濾過バケット5内に漉し取られる。こうして比較的大きな塵埃が除去された後の雨水は渦発生ガイド7に到達し、ここで幾分滞留する状態となって、濾過バケット5の底面部5aで覆われた渦発生ガイド7の通水溝7b内を経て矢印方向a2の下方へ流動する。各通水溝7bを通じた矢印方向a2の水流は立て管路部分1b内を経て逆円錐状立て管路部分8内に到達し、ここに到達した雨水の一部は排除流出孔10から排出管路12内へ流出し、それ以外の雨水が漸次に滞留していき、排出管路12からの流出流量に関連した一定時間が経過して、逆円錐状立て管路部分8内の雨水流出管路9よりも高い一定レベルに達したとき、雨水流出管路9を通じて外方へ流出し始める。   Rainwater that has reached the filtration bucket 5 is sprinkled with relatively large dust, such as dead leaves, in the filtration bucket 5 through a filter mesh made up of relatively large groups of through holes formed on the side circumferential surface and bottom surface of the filtration bucket 5. Taken. After the relatively large dust is removed in this way, the rainwater reaches the vortex generation guide 7 and stays here somewhat, and the vortex generation guide 7 covered with the bottom surface portion 5a of the filtration bucket 5 flows. It flows downward in the arrow direction a2 through the groove 7b. The water flow in the arrow direction a2 through each water flow groove 7b reaches the inverted conical vertical pipe portion 8 through the vertical pipe portion 1b, and a part of the rainwater reaching here is discharged from the drainage outflow hole 10 to the discharge pipe. The rainwater flows out into the channel 12 and other rainwater gradually accumulates, and after a certain period of time related to the outflow rate from the discharge channel 12, a stormwater outflow tube in the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 passes. When a certain level higher than that of the road 9 is reached, it begins to flow outward through the rainwater outflow pipe 9.

降雨が始まって例えば数十分程度の時間が経過するまでの初期雨水は塵埃の混入が著しく多く、且つ大気汚染の影響で酸性となっていることが多いのであるが、このようなものは前記一定時間が経過するまでに排除流出孔10から排水管路12内へ流出され、貯水タンク101内に流入することはない。   For example, the initial rainwater from the start of the rain until the time of several tens of minutes elapses is extremely dusty and often acidic due to the influence of air pollution. By the time the fixed time elapses, the drained outflow hole 10 flows into the drain pipe 12 and does not flow into the water storage tank 101.

雨水流出管路9を通じて貯水タンク101内に雨水が流入し始めた後にも、時間当たり降雨量が一定程度以上の降雨が継続されると、立て管路1内に流入する雨水は浄化部2で浄化されつつ雨水流出管路9を通じて貯水タンク101内に流入し続ける。このような流入が継続するとき、渦発生ガイド7を経た雨水は立て管路部分1b内でその中心線a1回りへ旋回流動しつつ下方へ流れて定常的な渦となり、この後、この渦の一定深さの中心に位置する雨水が流れ方向を真上方向側へ変化されて雨水流出管路9の垂直な流入始端部9b内に流れ込むようになる。このような流入始端部9b内への雨水の流れは逆円錐状立て管路部分8内での渦流れを乱さない上で寄与するものである。   Even after rainwater begins to flow into the water storage tank 101 through the rainwater outflow pipe 9, if rain with a certain amount of rainfall per hour or more continues, the rainwater flowing into the vertical pipe 1 is passed through the purification section 2. It continues to flow into the water storage tank 101 through the rainwater outflow pipe 9 while being purified. When such an inflow continues, the rainwater that has passed through the vortex generation guide 7 flows downward and turns into a steady vortex while swirling around the center line a1 in the vertical pipe portion 1b. The rainwater located at the center of a certain depth is changed in the flow direction to the upper side and flows into the vertical inflow start end portion 9 b of the rainwater outflow pipe 9. Such a flow of rainwater into the inflow start end portion 9b contributes not to disturb the vortex flow in the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8.

逆円錐状立て管路部分8内に達した雨水は既に比較的大きな塵埃を濾過バケット5で除去されているため、これに混入している塵埃は比較的小さい砂や土などが主な成分となる。これら砂や土などは立て管路部分1bや逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内方で発生した渦の回転により遠心力を付与されると共に重力が作用するものとなるため、立て管路部分1bや逆円錐状立て管路部分8の内周面近傍を雨水の旋回力を受けて旋回しながら重力作用で沈降していくように動作し、排除流出孔10に到達したときに特定流量以下で排出管路12側へ流下する雨水と共に排出管路12内へ流出する。したがって、雨水流出管路9を通じて流出する雨水は砂や土などの混入物を除去されたものとなる。   Since the rainwater that has reached the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 has already been removed by the filtration bucket 5 with relatively large dust, the dust mixed therein is mainly composed of relatively small sand or soil. Become. These sand and soil are given centrifugal force by the rotation of the vortex generated inside the standing pipe portion 1b and the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8, and gravity acts, so that the standing pipe portion 1b and the vicinity of the inner peripheral surface of the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 receive a swirl force of rainwater and operate to sink by gravity while swirling, and when reaching the drainage outflow hole 10 or below a specific flow rate Then, it flows into the discharge pipe 12 together with the rainwater flowing down to the discharge pipe 12 side. Therefore, the rainwater flowing out through the rainwater outflow pipe 9 is the one from which contaminants such as sand and soil are removed.

降雨が止むと、立て管路1内に雨水が流入しなくなるため、雨水は雨水流出管路9から流出しなくなって貯水タンク101内には流入しなくなる。この状態になった後にも、逆円錐状立て管路部分8内に滞留した雨水は排除流出孔10から流出を続けるため、適当時間(例えば数十分程度)の経過の後に逆円錐状立て管路部分8内から完全に排除される。これにより、次の降雨時における初期雨水が貯水タンク101内に流入することは既述の作用により阻止される。   When the rain stops, rainwater does not flow into the standing pipe 1, so rainwater does not flow out from the rainwater outflow pipe 9 and does not flow into the water storage tank 101. Even after this state is reached, since the rainwater staying in the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 continues to flow out from the drainage outflow hole 10, the inverted conical standing pipe is passed after an appropriate time (for example, about several tens of minutes). It is completely eliminated from within the road part 8. Thereby, the initial rain water at the time of the next rainfall is prevented from flowing into the water storage tank 101 by the above-described action.

上記のような雨水の処理において、濾過バケット5内に枯れ葉が過度に多く漉し出されてその濾過目が閉塞されると、雨水が濾過バケット5を通過して流下することができなくなって濾過バケット5よりも上側の立て管路1a内に雨水が滞留するようになる。この滞留した雨水が異形チーズ継ぎ手14の枝管14a高さに達したとき、雨水はバイパス管路13を通じて排水管路12内へ直接に流出するようになる。したがって、屋根上面などの集水個所から立て管路1内に流入した雨水は支障なく排水され、集水個所の雨水の排水が妨げられることは生じない。   In the treatment of rainwater as described above, if too many dead leaves are brewed into the filtration bucket 5 and the filter eyes are closed, the rainwater cannot flow through the filtration bucket 5 and flow down. Rainwater stays in the upright pipe line 1a above 5. When the accumulated rainwater reaches the height of the branch pipe 14 a of the deformed cheese joint 14, the rainwater flows out directly into the drain pipe 12 through the bypass pipe 13. Therefore, the rainwater that has flowed into the vertical pipe 1 from the water collection point such as the top surface of the roof is drained without any trouble, and the drainage of the rainwater at the water collection point is not hindered.

濾過バケット5はその濾過目の閉塞状況を定期的に点検し掃除するのがよいのであり、掃除を実施するときは、締結ボルト8aを手操作力で回転させて弛緩させた後、図6に示すように、管状包囲部材6を上側の立て管路部分1aに沿って上方へ移動させた状態となし、この状態の下で、濾過バケット5を数mm程度上方へ移動させ、次に横方へ引き出すようにして立て管路1の外方へ取り出すのであり、この取り出した濾過バケット5を立て管路1内に戻すときは上記した手順の逆を実行する。   The filtration bucket 5 should be cleaned by regularly checking the clogging state of the filtration eyes. When cleaning is performed, the fastening bolt 8a is rotated by a manual operation force and then loosened, and then the state shown in FIG. As shown, the tubular surrounding member 6 is moved upward along the upper vertical pipe portion 1a, and under this state, the filtration bucket 5 is moved upward by several millimeters, and then laterally When the filtered bucket 5 thus taken out is returned into the standing pipe 1, the reverse of the above procedure is executed.

貯水タンク101が満水状態となった後は、貯水タンク101に設けた溢流管24から貯水タンク101内の雨水が流出する。貯水タンク101内に溜まった清浄な雨水は給水ポンプ102を作動させて庭木に散水するなどして使用するのであり、このさい、貯水タンク101内の雨水が特定レベルb1以下となったときは減水検出装置21がそれを検出して、給水ポンプ102の電気駆動部への給電をその電気制御部を介して遮断すると共に、必要に応じ図示しない適宜な警報器を作動させる。   After the water storage tank 101 becomes full, rainwater in the water storage tank 101 flows out from the overflow pipe 24 provided in the water storage tank 101. The clean rainwater collected in the water storage tank 101 is used by operating the water supply pump 102 and sprinkling water on the garden trees. At this time, when the rainwater in the water storage tank 101 falls below a specific level b1, water is reduced. The detection device 21 detects this, cuts off the power supply to the electric drive unit of the water supply pump 102 via the electric control unit, and activates an appropriate alarm (not shown) as necessary.

貯水タンク101内の雨水の量が不十分な状態で給水ポンプ102による給水を実施するさいには水道水供給口22への水供給ライン途中の図示しない止め弁を開放し水道水が水道水供給口22に供給される状態とする。これにより、水道水が水道水供給口22及びフロート弁23を通じて貯水タンク101内に供給され、貯水タンク101内の水位が水供給停止レベルに達したとき、フロート弁23が閉鎖されて水道水の供給が停止されるのであり、また貯水タンク101内の水位が水供給開始レベルまで降下したとき、フロート弁23が開放され水道水の供給が開始される。これにより貯水タンク101内の水は常に一定レベル範囲内に確保される。   When water supply by the water supply pump 102 is performed in a state where the amount of rainwater in the water storage tank 101 is insufficient, a stop valve (not shown) in the middle of the water supply line to the tap water supply port 22 is opened to supply tap water. The state is to be supplied to the mouth 22. Thus, tap water is supplied into the storage tank 101 through the tap water supply port 22 and the float valve 23, and when the water level in the storage tank 101 reaches the water supply stop level, the float valve 23 is closed and the tap water is supplied. The supply is stopped, and when the water level in the water storage tank 101 drops to the water supply start level, the float valve 23 is opened and the supply of tap water is started. Thereby, the water in the water storage tank 101 is always ensured within a certain level range.

なお、上記実施例では管状包囲部材6が上側へ移動されて濾過バケット5の横外方が開放されるものとなされたが、管状包囲部材6が下側へ移動されて濾過バケット5の横外方が開放されるものとなすことも差し支えない。
またバイパス管路13は末端を排出管路12に連通させないで任意な他所へ開放させた単純な溢流管となしても差し支えない。
In the above embodiment, the tubular surrounding member 6 is moved upward and the lateral outer side of the filtration bucket 5 is opened. However, the tubular surrounding member 6 is moved downward and the lateral side of the filtration bucket 5 is opened. It is possible that the direction will be open.
Further, the bypass pipe 13 may be a simple overflow pipe that is open to any other place without the end communicating with the discharge pipe 12.

さらに、バイパス管路13の材用として透明な材料を利用することもでる。このようにすれば、濾過バケット5内に枯れ葉が過度に多く漉し出されてその濾過目が閉塞され、雨水が濾過バケット5を通過して流下することができなくなって濾過バケット5よりも上側の立て管路1a内に雨水が滞留して、雨水が専らはバイパス管路13を通じて直接に流出することが容易に確認することができるようになる。この結果、濾過バケット5の清掃をユーザに促すことができる。   Further, a transparent material can be used for the material of the bypass pipe 13. In this way, too many dead leaves are dripped out in the filtration bucket 5 and the filtration eyes are blocked, and rainwater cannot flow down through the filtration bucket 5, so It becomes possible to easily confirm that rainwater stays in the standing pipe 1 a and that the rainwater exclusively flows out directly through the bypass pipe 13. As a result, the user can be prompted to clean the filtration bucket 5.

図7は、他の実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置の一部を断面で示した正面図であり、図8は前記雨水浄化案内装置の一部を開放した様子を示す正面視説明図である。   FIG. 7: is the front view which showed a part of rainwater purification guide apparatus which concerns on another Example by the cross section, and FIG. 8 is front view explanatory drawing which shows a mode that a part of said rainwater purification guide apparatus was open | released. .

本実施例においては、先の実施例における浄化部2を構成するサイクロン式分離機構部4を変更するものであり、それ以外については同様であるので、同じ引用符号を付してある。   In the present embodiment, the cyclone type separation mechanism section 4 constituting the purifying section 2 in the previous embodiment is changed, and the other portions are the same, so the same reference numerals are given.

本実施例においては、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の中心部に、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の最下部を呼び径の半分程度(略40mm)とした小径の沈降分離管30を備えた2重の立て管構造となっている。沈降分離管30の上部には、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の雨水を導入するために管を斜めに切り取った切欠34が設けられており、その上にはバケット式路下部3から直接雨水が沈降分離管30に浸入することを防ぐ上板35が設けられている。また、沈降分離管30の上部の切欠34と対抗する位置に、横向き管路部分9aの入水口がされ固着される。また、沈降分離管30は、立て管路部分1bの中央やや上方より逆円錐状立て管路部分8の最下部まで延長されており、最下部においては、小穴31(直径3mm程度)が設けられており、排出管路12に通じている。一方、逆円錐状立て管路部分8の最下部には、管路部分8の内側面と沈降分離管30との間に対角線上に2つの小穴33(直径3mm程度)が設けられており、排出管路12に通じている。   In the present embodiment, a small-diameter settling separation pipe 30 is provided at the center of the inverted conical standing pipe section 8 with the lowermost portion of the inverted conical standing duct section 8 being about half the nominal diameter (approximately 40 mm). It has a double vertical pipe structure. An upper portion of the settling separation pipe 30 is provided with a notch 34 obtained by obliquely cutting the pipe in order to introduce rainwater from the inverted conical standing pipe section 8. Is provided with an upper plate 35 that prevents the liquid from entering the settling separation tube 30. In addition, a water inlet of the lateral pipe portion 9a is fixed at a position facing the notch 34 in the upper part of the settling separation pipe 30. Further, the sedimentation separation pipe 30 extends from the center of the upright pipe portion 1b to the lowermost part of the inverted conical upright pipe portion 8, and a small hole 31 (diameter of about 3 mm) is provided in the lowermost part. And leads to the discharge line 12. On the other hand, two small holes 33 (diameter of about 3 mm) are provided diagonally between the inner surface of the pipe section 8 and the settling separation pipe 30 at the bottom of the inverted conical standing pipe section 8. It leads to the discharge line 12.

図8は、沈降分離管30の上部の構造を説明する斜視図である。上板35は沈降分離管30の外形よりも大きい円形状の板であり、切欠34と横向き管路部分9aを結ぶ仮想線P上において、上板35の中心位置O’は、沈降分離管30の中心位置Oに対して切欠34に偏心している。このため、切欠34の上方には、上板35から覆いかぶさった部分35aを有することになり、バケット式路下部3から直接雨水が沈降分離管30に直接浸入することを防いでいる。   FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the structure of the upper part of the settling separation tube 30. The upper plate 35 is a circular plate larger than the outer shape of the settling separation tube 30, and the center position O ′ of the upper plate 35 is set on the settling separation tube 30 on the imaginary line P connecting the notch 34 and the lateral duct portion 9 a. It is eccentric to the notch 34 with respect to the center position O. For this reason, it has the part 35a covered from the upper board 35 above the notch 34, and it has prevented that rainwater directly penetrate | invades into the sedimentation-separation pipe | tube 30 directly from the bucket type path lower part 3. FIG.

このような構成とすることにより、矢印Pの通りまず雨水は逆円錐状立て管路部分8の底まで落水し、小穴33にて排水しながら徐々に水位が上昇、沈降分離管30の上方より管の底に落水する。沈降分離管30内においても小穴31にて排水しながら水位が上昇し、横向き管路部分9aに至ることになる。この結果、逆円錐状立て管路部分8と沈降分離管30の容積内で砂は自然沈降し、浄化水のみが貯水タンクに流れ込むような比重分離構造とした。   By adopting such a configuration, the rainwater first falls to the bottom of the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 as indicated by the arrow P, and the water level gradually rises while being drained through the small hole 33, from above the sedimentation separation pipe 30. Water falls to the bottom of the tube. In the sedimentation / separation pipe 30, the water level rises while draining through the small holes 31, and reaches the lateral pipe part 9 a. As a result, the specific gravity separation structure in which the sand naturally settles within the volume of the inverted conical standing pipe portion 8 and the settling separation pipe 30 and only the purified water flows into the water storage tank.

本実施例においては、先の実施例と比べ、沈降分離管30の存在により逆円錐状立て管路部分8での渦による遠心力と重力の作用についての効果は小さいものとなるため、渦発生ガイド7は省略しても構わない。前述のように、降雨が始まって例えば数十分程度の時間が経過するまでの初期雨水は塵埃の混入が著しく多く、且つ大気汚染の影響で酸性となっていることが多い。よって本実施例においては、むしろ、前記一定時間が経過するまでに逆円錐状立て管路部分8と沈降分離管30の容積量により滞留させておくことにより、砂などの比重のあるものを自然沈降させる点において効果を奏するものである。   In this embodiment, the effect of centrifugal force and gravity due to the vortex in the inverted conical standing pipe section 8 is small due to the presence of the settling separation pipe 30 in comparison with the previous embodiment. The guide 7 may be omitted. As described above, the initial rainwater from the start of rainfall until the lapse of several tens of minutes, for example, is extremely mixed with dust and is often acidic due to the influence of air pollution. Therefore, in the present embodiment, rather than having the specific volume of the inverted conical standing pipe section 8 and the settling separation pipe 30 stay until the predetermined time elapses, sand and other specific gravity is naturally removed. It is effective in terms of settling.

さらに、本実施例においては、小穴31および小穴33を省略することもできる。この場合、雨水に交じった砂を常時、排出することができなくなるが、管路部分8と沈降分離管30の容積量により自然沈降させるという効果は発揮される。   Further, in the present embodiment, the small holes 31 and the small holes 33 can be omitted. In this case, sand mixed with rainwater cannot be discharged at all times, but the effect of natural sedimentation by the volume of the pipe line portion 8 and the sedimentation separation pipe 30 is exhibited.

本実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置の使用された雨水貯溜供給システムを示す正面視説明図である。It is front view explanatory drawing which shows the rainwater storage supply system where the rainwater purification guide apparatus which concerns on a present Example was used. 前記雨水貯溜供給システムの貯水タンク周辺を示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the water storage tank periphery of the said rainwater storage supply system. 前記貯水タンク周辺を示す左側面図である。同じく正面図である。It is a left view which shows the said water storage tank periphery. It is also a front view. 本実施例に係る雨水浄化案内装置に係り一部を断面で示した拡大正面図である。It is the enlarged front view which showed a part in connection with the rainwater purification guide apparatus which concerns on a present Example, and showed it in cross section. 前記雨水浄化案内装置の一部を示した平面図である。It is the top view which showed a part of said rainwater purification guide apparatus. 前記雨水浄化案内装置の一部を開放した様子を示す正面視説明図である。It is front view explanatory drawing which shows a mode that some rainwater purification guide apparatuses were open | released. 他の実施例となる雨水浄化案内装置を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the rainwater purification guide apparatus used as another Example. 沈降分離管30の上部斜視図である。FIG. 3 is a top perspective view of a settling separation tube 30.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

100 雨水浄化案内装置
101 貯水タンク
1a 濾過バケット5よりも上流側の立て管路部分
1b 濾過バケット5の下流側の立て管路部分
1 立て管路
2 浄化部
5 濾過バケット
5a 底面部
6 管状包囲部材
4 サイクロン式分離機構部
7 渦発生ガイド
8 逆円錐状立て管路部分
8a 締結ボルト
9 雨水流出管路
10 排除流出孔
12 排水管路(排水路)
13 溢流管路(バイパス管路)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Rainwater purification guide apparatus 101 Water storage tank 1a Standing pipe line part 1b upstream from the filtration bucket 5 Standing pipe line part 1b downstream of the filtration bucket 5 1 Standing pipe line 2 Purifying part 5 Filtration bucket 5a Bottom face part 6 Tubular enclosure member 4 Cyclone Separation Mechanism 7 Vortex Generation Guide 8 Reverse Conical Standing Pipe Line Part 8a Fastening Bolt 9 Rainwater Outflow Pipeline 10 Exhaust Outflow Hole 12 Drainage Pipeline (Drainage Channel)
13 Overflow pipeline (bypass pipeline)

Claims (12)

  1. 屋根上面などの集水個所で集められた雨水を立て管路内を介して自重により流下させ、該流下中に立て管路内の浄化部で浄化処理し、該処理後の清浄な雨水を貯水タンク内に流入させる雨水浄化案内装置において、前記立て管路内の浄化部に濾過バケットを、これの開口が上側に位置され底面部が下側に位置された正立姿勢に設置し、且つ前記立て管路の一部が手操作による締結ボルトの弛緩と上下方向の手操作力の付与とにより開放移動されて濾過バケットの横方が開放される構造となされており、このさい前記濾過バケットは前記立て管路内を流下する雨水に混入した枯れ葉などの塵埃を該濾過バケット内方に漉し取ると共に、前記開放移動された状態の下で、該濾過バケットが前記正立姿勢のまま立て管路の横外方へ取り出されることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   Rainwater collected at water collection points such as the upper surface of the roof is caused to flow down by its own weight through the inside of the standing pipe, and is purified in the purifying section in the standing pipe during the flowing down, and the clean rainwater after the treatment is stored. In the rainwater purification guide apparatus for flowing into the tank, the filtration bucket is installed in the purification section in the vertical pipe, the opening is positioned in the upright position, and the bottom section is positioned in the lower position, and the A part of the vertical pipe line is opened and moved by loosening the fastening bolt by manual operation and applying manual operation force in the vertical direction, and the side of the filtration bucket is opened. The dust such as dead leaves mixed in the rain water flowing down in the standing pipe is scooped into the inside of the filtration bucket, and the standing position of the filtration bucket in the upright position in the opened state. Being taken out laterally Rainwater purification guide device according to claim.
  2. 請求項1記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記濾過バケットの横外周囲を液密状に包囲し且つ前記立て管路の長さ方向の一部をなしている管状包囲部材を上下方向への移動可能に形成し、該管状包囲部材が上下何れかの方向へ移動されることにより、前記濾過バケットの横方の全周範囲が開放されることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   2. The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a tubular surrounding member that surrounds a laterally outer periphery of the filtration bucket in a liquid-tight manner and that forms part of the length of the vertical conduit is moved in the vertical direction. The rainwater purification guide device is formed so as to be capable of opening the entire circumferential range of the filtration bucket by moving the tubular surrounding member in either the upper or lower direction.
  3. 請求項2記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記雨水に混入した状態で濾過バケットの濾過目を透過した砂などの塵埃を、垂直線回りの回転による遠心力と、重力による沈降作用とにより分離するサイクロン式分離機構部を浄化部の一部として形成したことを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   3. The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 2, wherein dust such as sand that has passed through the filter mesh of the filtration bucket in a state of being mixed in the rainwater is separated by centrifugal force due to rotation around a vertical line and sedimentation by gravity. A rainwater purification guide apparatus characterized in that a cyclone type separation mechanism part is formed as a part of a purification part.
  4. 請求項3記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記サイクロン式分離機構部が、前記濾過バケットの下流側の立て管路部分に連続した逆円錐状立て管路部分を備えると共に、前記濾過バケットより下流側で前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の上部よりも上流側となる位置に、前記垂直線回りの回転流れを強制的に発生させる渦発生ガイドを形成されていることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the cyclone separation mechanism unit includes an inverted conical standing pipe part continuous with a standing pipe part on the downstream side of the filtration bucket, and further downstream of the filtration bucket. And a vortex generating guide that forcibly generates a rotational flow around the vertical line is formed at a position upstream of the upper portion of the inverted conical standing pipe portion. .
  5. 請求項4記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記逆円錐状立て管路部分は最下部の内孔を最上部に流入する雨水量に関連した比較的小さい径の排除流出孔となされており、前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の内方を降下した砂などの塵埃が前記濾過バケットを透過した雨水の一部と共に前記排除流出孔を通じて外方へ流出されることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the inverted conical standing pipe portion is an exclusion outflow hole having a relatively small diameter related to the amount of rainwater flowing into the uppermost portion of the inner hole at the lowermost portion, A rainwater purification guide device, wherein dust such as sand descending inward of an inverted conical standing pipe portion flows out through the drainage outflow hole together with a part of rainwater that has passed through the filtration bucket.
  6. 請求項4又は5記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、渦発生ガイドよりも下流側で前記逆円錐状立て管路部分の上部又はこれよりも上方に位置した前記立て管路部分の中心近傍の雨水を貯水タンク内へ向け流出させるための雨水流出管路を形成したことを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 4 or 5, wherein rainwater in the vicinity of the center of the vertical pipe portion located above or above the inverted conical vertical pipe portion on the downstream side of the vortex generation guide is disposed. A rainwater purification guide device characterized in that a rainwater outflow pipe for flowing out into a water storage tank is formed.
  7. 請求項1〜6の何れか1項に記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記濾過バケットよりも上流側の立て管路部分の周壁から溢流管路を分岐させたことを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein an overflow pipe is branched from a peripheral wall of a vertical pipe portion upstream of the filtration bucket. apparatus.
  8. 請求項5又は6記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記濾過バケットよりも上流側の立て管路部分の内方と、前記排除流出孔の流出側に連通された排水路の内方とをバイパス管路で連通させたことを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。   The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 5 or 6, wherein an inner side of the vertical pipe portion upstream of the filtration bucket and an inner side of the drainage channel communicated with the outflow side of the exclusion outflow hole are bypass pipes. A rainwater purification guidance device characterized by being communicated by a road.
  9. 請求項2記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、浄化部として、前記濾過バケットの濾過目を透過した雨水導入する2重の立て管路を有し、前記2重の立て管路は、外側の管と内側の管の間に濾過目を透過した雨水を導入し、外側の管と内側の管の間の容積を超過した雨水を内側の管に導入するよう構成され、内側の管に滞留した雨水を管の上方より貯水タンク内に流入させることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。 3. The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the purification unit has a double standing pipe for introducing rainwater that has passed through the filter eyes of the filtration bucket, and the double standing pipe is connected to an outer pipe. Rainwater that has passed through the filter is introduced between the inner pipes, and rainwater that exceeds the volume between the outer pipes and the inner pipes is introduced into the inner pipes. A rainwater purification guide device, wherein the rainwater purification guide device is made to flow into a water storage tank from above a pipe.
  10. 請求項9記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記外側の管と内側の管の間及び内側の管の最下部には、雨水を排出する小穴を夫々有することを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。 The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 9, wherein a small hole for discharging rainwater is provided between the outer pipe and the inner pipe and at a lowermost part of the inner pipe, respectively.
  11. 請求項9記載の雨水浄化案内装置において、前記内側の管の上端部は、ご前記濾過バケットからの雨水が直接入らないようにするため、外側の管と内側の管の間の容積を超過した雨水を内側の管に導入する導入口を覆う上板が設けられていることを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。 10. The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the upper end portion of the inner pipe exceeds the volume between the outer pipe and the inner pipe so that rainwater from the filtration bucket does not enter directly. A rainwater purification guide apparatus, wherein an upper plate is provided to cover an inlet for introducing rainwater into an inner pipe.
  12. 請求項1〜11のいずれかの雨水浄化案内装置において、バイパス排水管を透明としたことを特徴とする雨水浄化案内装置。 The rainwater purification guide apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the bypass drain pipe is transparent.
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JPS63115988A (en) * 1986-11-05 1988-05-20 Hisao Nakai Drain collecting pipe
JPH102077A (en) * 1996-04-20 1998-01-06 Yoshinobu Abe Gutter for utilizing rainwater
JP2000135500A (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-05-16 Etsuo Kobayashi Wastewater purification equipment
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KR101686022B1 (en) * 2014-03-31 2016-12-14 공주대학교 산학협력단 Multi-purpose rainwater storage using apparatus utilizing solar energy

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