JP2007298190A - Combustion device - Google Patents

Combustion device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2007298190A
JP2007298190A JP2006124293A JP2006124293A JP2007298190A JP 2007298190 A JP2007298190 A JP 2007298190A JP 2006124293 A JP2006124293 A JP 2006124293A JP 2006124293 A JP2006124293 A JP 2006124293A JP 2007298190 A JP2007298190 A JP 2007298190A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
combustion
ion current
current detection
flow path
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2006124293A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hayashi Sha
Masahiko Shimazu
Takeshi Wakata
政彦 嶋津
武志 若田
林 謝
Original Assignee
Noritz Corp
株式会社ノーリツ
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Noritz Corp, 株式会社ノーリツ filed Critical Noritz Corp
Priority to JP2006124293A priority Critical patent/JP2007298190A/en
Publication of JP2007298190A publication Critical patent/JP2007298190A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/02Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone
    • F23D14/04Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone induction type, e.g. Bunsen burner
    • F23D14/08Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone induction type, e.g. Bunsen burner with axial outlets at the burner head
    • F23D14/085Premix gas burners, i.e. in which gaseous fuel is mixed with combustion air upstream of the combustion zone induction type, e.g. Bunsen burner with axial outlets at the burner head with injector axis inclined to the burner head axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/34Burners specially adapted for use with means for pressurising the gaseous fuel or the combustion air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23NREGULATING OR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION
    • F23N1/00Regulating fuel supply
    • F23N1/02Regulating fuel supply conjointly with air supply
    • F23N1/022Regulating fuel supply conjointly with air supply using electronic means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23NREGULATING OR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION
    • F23N3/00Regulating air supply or draught
    • F23N3/08Regulating air supply or draught by power-assisted systems
    • F23N3/082Regulating air supply or draught by power-assisted systems using electronic means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23NREGULATING OR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION
    • F23N5/00Systems for controlling combustion
    • F23N5/02Systems for controlling combustion using devices responsive to thermal changes or to thermal expansion of a medium
    • F23N5/12Systems for controlling combustion using devices responsive to thermal changes or to thermal expansion of a medium using ionisation-sensitive elements, i.e. flame rods
    • F23N5/123Systems for controlling combustion using devices responsive to thermal changes or to thermal expansion of a medium using ionisation-sensitive elements, i.e. flame rods using electronic means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for combustion apparatus using fluid fuels or solid fuels suspended in air; Combustion processes therefor
    • F23C2900/06041Staged supply of oxidant

Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a combustion apparatus capable of reliably detecting an air amount shortage relative to a fuel gas amount.
In a combustion apparatus (1) in which an oxygen-deficient mixture obtained by mixing primary air and fuel gas undergoes primary combustion, and further receives secondary air (67) to perform secondary combustion, the flame of the primary combustion. A first ion current detection member 65 is provided therein, and a second ion current detection member 66 is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply ports 20, 21, 63, 64 for supplying the secondary air 67. Based on the detection values of the members 65 and 66, at least one of the ratio between the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, the total amount of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, and the fuel gas amount is controlled.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a combustion apparatus, and more particularly to a combustion apparatus recommended for use in a water heater or a bath apparatus.

Combustion devices are main components of water heaters and bath devices, and are widely used not only in factories but also in general households.
In recent years, environmental destruction caused by acid rain has become a serious social problem, and there is an urgent need to reduce the total amount of NOx (nitrogen oxide) emissions.
There is a combustion apparatus that employs a combustion method called a concentration combustion method as a configuration that can be employed in a small device such as a hot water supply device and that can suppress the amount of NOx generated.
In the lean combustion method, the main flame is generated from a dilute gas mixture that is premixed with about 1.6 times the theoretical air volume in the fuel gas, and there is little air mixing in the vicinity of the main flame. A flame holder generated from a mixed gas having a high concentration is arranged.
For example, Patent Documents 1 and 2 disclose a combustion apparatus that uses light and shade combustion.

In addition, there is another combustion method called a two-stage combustion method as a combustion method that generates little NOx. The two-stage combustion method is a combustion type in which fuel gas is injected in a state where oxygen is insufficient, the gas is ignited to generate a primary flame, and secondary air is supplied to unburned gas to generate a secondary flame. is there.
A combustion apparatus employing such a two-stage combustion method is disclosed in Patent Document 3.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 5-118516 JP-A-6-126788 JP-A-52-143524

A combustion apparatus that employs the lean combustion method has a small amount of NOx generated and is well-received in the market, but has a drawback of a small turn-down ratio (Turn Down Ratio TDR). In particular, a combustion apparatus that employs the light and dark combustion method has a drawback that it is difficult to burn in a region where the calorific value is small.
That is, in the lean combustion method, as described above, the main flame is generated from a lean mixed gas obtained by premixing the fuel gas with about 1.6 times the theoretical air amount. Although this mixed gas is lean, its combustion speed is slow.

  By the way, the combustion apparatus which employs the light and dark combustion method includes a blower for generating a lean mixed gas. However, the blower has been used for many years, and the amount of blown air gradually decreases as the blower ages. The amount of air flow may be reduced due to clogging of the filter. Thus, when the amount of blast decreases due to secular change, the amount of air of the mixed gas that forms the main flame tends to decrease, and the amount of air to be mixed approaches the theoretical amount of air. As a result, the combustion speed of the main flame tends to be accelerated by secular change, and the base end portion of the flame gradually approaches the flame hole due to secular change. Therefore, when burning in a region where the heat generation amount is small, the base end portion of the flame approaches the flame hole and damages the flame hole. Therefore, a combustion apparatus that employs the light and dark combustion method must limit combustion in a region where the calorific value is small in anticipation of secular change.

In addition, the lean combustion method is unsatisfactory because the range of usable gases is narrow. That is, the fuel gas supplied by the gas manufacturer may be composed of only a single component, but in many cases, a fuel gas of a plurality of components is mixed. For this reason, even if the amount of heat generated (the amount of heat per unit volume) is the same, the combustion rate differs for each fuel gas manufacturer.
On the other hand, in the light / dark combustion method, the main flame is burned in an excess air state, so that the fuel gas having a low combustion speed is burned out and cannot be burned stably.

  On the other hand, when the two-stage combustion method is employed, the turndown ratio can be increased as compared with the case where the concentration combustion method is employed. There are also a wide variety of applicable fuel gases. However, in the two-stage combustion method, the combustion state is unstable because the fuel gas is burned in a state where oxygen is insufficient. For this reason, there are no commercially available hot water heaters that employ the two-stage combustion method.

  The combustion apparatus of the two-stage combustion type has a configuration in which a flame hole member that generates a primary flame is sandwiched by an air combustion member that generates a secondary flame downstream of the primary flame.

In a conventional combustion apparatus, a thermocouple is used as a means for diagnosing the combustion state. However, since a thermocouple cannot detect a shortage of the amount of air supplied, recently, a flame ion is used instead of a thermocouple. An ion current detection member (probe) for detecting current is exclusively employed.
Here, ions exist in the flame, and the flame is an electrical conductor.

  Here, even if an ion current detection member (probe) is installed at two locations on the side close to the primary flame and the side close to the secondary flame to detect the shortage of the supplied air amount, the output obtained from each probe If the value changes in synchronism with the decrease in the amount of air supplied by the blower, the shortage of the supplied air amount cannot be reliably detected. Further, when the ion current detection member (probe) is exposed to a flame and becomes high temperature, the durability is lowered, and the performance of the ion current detection member (probe) is deteriorated.

  Then, this invention makes it a subject to provide the combustion apparatus which can detect the shortage of the air quantity with respect to the fuel gas quantity reliably.

  In order to solve the above problems, the invention of claim 1 is directed to a combustion in which an oxygen-deficient mixture formed by mixing primary air and fuel gas undergoes primary combustion, and further receives secondary air to perform secondary combustion. In the apparatus, a first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and a second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of a secondary air supply port for supplying the secondary air. It is a combustion apparatus characterized by controlling at least one of supplied air and fuel gas based on a detected value.

According to the invention of claim 1, the first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and the second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply port for supplying the secondary air. Based on the detection value of the detection member, at least one of the supplied air and fuel gas is controlled.
Here, the first ion current detection member penetrates the high-temperature flame surface of the primary flame, and the tip portion is disposed inside the primary flame. The temperature is low because there is an unburned mixture inside the primary flame. Therefore, the first ion current detection member does not become very hot as a whole. The second ion current detection member is cooled by secondary air. Therefore, it can avoid that a 1st ion current detection member and a 2nd ion current detection member become high temperature, and deform | transform. Further, it is possible to detect the combustion state of the combustion apparatus and to properly normalize abnormal combustion.
By providing both ion current detection members as described above, the output values obtained from the first ion current detection member and the second ion current detection member do not change synchronously with the decrease in the amount of supplied air, and supply It is possible to reliably detect that the amount of air that has been reduced.
For the air to be supplied, for example, it is possible to perform control for adjusting the supply amount and the distribution ratio of the primary air and the secondary air.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a combustion apparatus in which an oxygen-deficient mixture comprising primary air and fuel gas undergoes primary combustion and further receives secondary air to perform secondary combustion. A first ion current detection member is provided therein, a second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply port for supplying the secondary air, and the primary air is determined based on the detection values of both ion current detection members. The combustion apparatus is characterized by controlling at least one of a ratio between the amount and the secondary air amount, a total amount of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, and a fuel gas amount.

According to the invention of claim 2, the first ion current detection member is provided in the primary combustion flame, and the second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply port.
Here, the first ion current detection member penetrates the high-temperature flame surface of the primary flame, and the tip portion is disposed inside the primary flame. The temperature is low because there is an unburned mixture inside the primary flame. Therefore, the first ion current detection member does not become very hot as a whole. The second ion current detection member is cooled by secondary air. Therefore, it can avoid that a 2nd ion current detection member becomes high temperature and deform | transforms. In addition, during normal combustion, it is possible to avoid exposure of the second ion current detection member to the flame by the secondary air, so that it is possible to reliably detect the flame during abnormal combustion when the air is insufficient.
Further, at least one of the ratio of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, the total amount of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, and the fuel gas amount is controlled based on the detection value of both ion current detecting members. Therefore, even if the combustion state becomes abnormal, it can be properly normalized.
By providing both ion current detection members as described above, the output values obtained from the first ion current detection member and the second ion current detection member do not change synchronously with the decrease in the amount of supplied air, and supply It is possible to reliably detect that the amount of air that has been reduced.

  The invention of claim 3 includes a premixing member, an air flow path member, and a flame hole member, and the premixing member introduces fuel gas together with primary air to generate an oxygen-deficient mixture, The air flow path member is wall-shaped and has a secondary air supply port for supplying secondary air to the tip side, and the flame hole member is between the two air flow path members or the air flow path member and the other The combustion portion is formed by a space disposed between the wall surface and surrounded by the flame hole member and the air flow path member, and the air-fuel mixture is discharged from the flame hole member to the combustion portion to perform primary combustion, and further air In a combustion apparatus in which secondary combustion is performed by receiving secondary air supplied from a secondary air supply port of a flow path member, a first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and the secondary air A second ion current detection member is provided near the supply port, and both ion current detection members A combustion apparatus characterized by controlling at least one of a ratio of primary air amount and secondary air amount, a total amount of primary air amount and secondary air amount, and a fuel gas amount based on an output value. is there.

  In the invention of claim 3, since the first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion and the second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the air supply port, both the ion current detection members are kept at a high temperature. In particular, the second ion current detection member is cooled by the secondary air supplied from the air supply port, and high temperature deformation can be avoided.

  In addition, during normal combustion, the second ion current detection member is protected from the flame by the secondary air, so that a weak ion current flows between the first ion current detection member and the second ion current detection member. Can be prevented, and abnormal combustion when air is insufficient can be reliably detected.

  Further, when it is detected that the combustion is abnormal based on the detection values of the both ion current detection members, the ratio of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, and the total amount of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount Since at least one of the fuel gas amounts is controlled, abnormal combustion can be normalized.

  A fourth aspect of the present invention is the combustion apparatus according to any one of the first to third aspects of the present invention, wherein the tip portion of the first ion current detection member is curved or bent.

  A fifth aspect of the present invention is the combustion apparatus according to any one of the first to fourth aspects of the present invention, wherein the tip portion of the second ion current detection member is curved or bent.

In the combustion apparatus of the present invention, the first ion current detection member is provided in the primary flame, the second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply port, and the secondary air hits the second ion current detection member. I did it.
Here, the first ion current detection member penetrates the high-temperature flame surface of the primary flame, and the tip portion is disposed inside the primary flame. The temperature is low because there is an unburned mixture inside the primary flame. Therefore, the first ion current detection member does not become very hot as a whole. Further, since the second ion current detection member is cooled by the secondary air, neither the first ion current detection member nor the second ion current detection member is deformed at a high temperature, and the air amount is insufficient with respect to the fuel gas amount. Therefore, it is possible to reliably detect abnormal combustion.

Examples of the present invention will be described below. First, the schematic configuration and basic functions of the present invention will be described with reference to the schematic diagram of FIG. The embodiment of FIG. 1 conceptually illustrates the present invention.
In the following description, the vertical relationship is based on the posture in which the combustion apparatus 1 is placed vertically and a flame is generated on the upper side. The expressions on the upstream side and the downstream side are based on the flow of air or fuel gas. The width direction is a direction (in the direction of arrow W in the drawing) corresponding to the left-right direction with the largest area of the combustion device as the front.

  The combustion apparatus 1 of a present Example is used in parallel with a case, or is used independently. The combustion apparatus 1 of the present embodiment includes a premixing member 2, a flame hole member 3, and two air flow path members 5. In the combustion apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, the premixing member 2 and the flame hole member 3 are fitted together to constitute one intermediate member 6, and the intermediate member 6 is interposed between the two air flow path members 5. Although the structure is sandwiched, when actually used, the air flow path member 5, the intermediate member 6, the air flow path member 5, the intermediate member 6, the air flow path member 5. The air flow path members 5 and the intermediate members 6 are alternately arranged to form a planar shape.

  The premixing member 2 that is a constituent member of the combustion apparatus 1 is a member that performs a function of premixing fuel gas and air inside. The premixing member 2 includes a mixing portion 7 having a curved path and an opening row portion 10 in which openings 8 are provided in a row. The opening row portion 10 is a portion in which a cavity having a substantially square cross section extends long and linearly.

The air flow path member 5 is a member having a thin wall shape. The air flow path member 5 is made of thin plates on the front and back surfaces 11 and 12, the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 are joined with a slight gap therebetween, and three sides other than the lower surface side are joined. A gap serving as an air flow path 13 is provided.
The air flow path member 5 folds a single plate to constitute the front and back surfaces 11 and 12, and has a bent portion 14 with an acute angle at the tip portion, and the bent portion 14 forms the top portion 9. The top portion 9 extends in a ridgeline shape.
On the other hand, on the base end side of the air flow path member 5, the space between the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 is opened, and an air introduction opening 15 is formed.

The air flow path member 5 has air discharge openings in three regions. As described above, since the premixing members 2 and the intermediate members 6 are alternately arranged to form a plane, the same number of plates are provided in the same portion on the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5. An opening is provided.
The region where the air discharge opening is provided is roughly divided into a front end portion, a position facing the first combustion portion, and a position facing the intermediate member 6.

  That is, most of the plates of the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5 are arranged in parallel, but only the tip portion is bent in a mountain shape, and the inclined surfaces 16 and 17 are formed on the front side and the back side. Is formed. A tip opening 20 is provided in the inclined surfaces 16 and 17. Further, a tip end opening 21 is also provided at the most distal portion (ridge line portion). The tip openings 20 and 21 are provided for supplying secondary air 67 to the secondary flame 68. In FIG. 1, the secondary flame 68 is depicted only on the inner side of the front end portion of the air flow path member 5 for the sake of space, but actually the secondary flame 68 is represented by the front end portion of the air flow path member 5. It protrudes outward (upper side in FIG. 1).

  Further, the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5 are formed such that the front-side air flow path 13 is narrower than the base end side as shown in FIG. There is a step in the part corresponding to. This step portion is also an inclined surface 22. The step portion is provided with an air discharge opening 23 for the combustion portion. The air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section supplies secondary air to the primary flame 24 of the first combustion section 46, burns a part of the primary flame 24, and places a secondary flame 68 in a part of the first combustion section 46. Is generated.

  Further, an air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 is also provided at a position facing the intermediate member 6. The air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 supplies air to the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3 to stabilize flame holding.

The flame hole member 3 includes a main body member 25 and a decompression wall 26. The main body member 25 of the flame hole member 3 is made by bending a single metal plate, and includes a top surface 30 functioning as a flame hole and two side wall portions bent about 90 ° from both ends. 31 and 32. Further, the left and right sides of the flame hole member 3 are closed, and only the surface located on the lower side of the drawing is opened. The top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 has a long shape and is elongated. On the top surface 30 of the main body member 25, slits to be the flame holes 33 are regularly arranged. The flame hole 33 provided in the main body member 25 functions as a “center opening”.
A bulging portion 34 bulging outward (in the thickness direction) is provided at an intermediate portion between the side wall portions 31 and 32. The bulging portion 34 is provided over the entire width of the flame hole member 3.

  The open end sides of the side walls 31 and 32 are folded back by about 90 ° twice as shown in the figure, and a fitting concave groove 38 is formed on the outside. The bottom wall 36 of the fitting groove 38 is perpendicular to the side walls 31, 32, and the outer wall 37 of the fitting groove 38 is parallel to the side walls 31, 32.

As described above, the decompression wall 26 is attached to the main body member 25. The decompression wall 26 is fixed to the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the main body member 25, and there is a gap 29 between the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the main body member 25. The gap 29 is open on the upper side of the drawing. This opening functions as the side opening 27.
An opening 35 is provided in the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the main body member 25 facing the decompression wall 26, and the inner surface of the main body member 25 and the gap 29 are communicated with each other.

Next, the relationship between the members will be described.
In the present embodiment, as described above, the premixing member 2 and the flame hole member 3 are fitted together to constitute one intermediate member 6. More specifically, the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 is inserted between the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3. In the actual manufacturing process, the premixing member 2 is inserted through the opening (lower part of the drawing) between the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3 to join them together.

The side wall portions 31 and 32 and the opening row portion 10 are partially in contact with each other by an uneven shape (not shown), and both are integrated. Since the side wall portions 31 and 32 and the opening row portion 10 are partially in contact with each other due to the concavo-convex shape as described above, in other words, the two are partially separated. The cross section of FIG. 1 illustrates a cross section at a portion where the side wall portions 31 and 32 and the opening row portion 10 are separated.
About the site | part corresponded to the bulging part 34 of the side wall parts 31 and 32, it is separated from the opening row | line | column part 10 included. The portion of the bulging portion 34 corresponds to the row portion of the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10. Therefore, the outside of the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 is separated from the side wall portions 31 and 32, and there is a wider space (mixing space) 39 than others. This space communicates over a portion corresponding to all the openings 8.
There is a relatively large space 47 between the side wall portions 31 and 32 and between the top portion of the opening row portion 10 and the top surface 30 portion of the flame hole member 3. In the present embodiment, the flame hole upstream flow path 49 is formed by the mixing space 39 and the space 47 downstream of the opening row portion 10.

  Air flow path members 5 are mounted on both sides of the intermediate member 6. The air flow path member 5 is coupled to the intermediate member 6 by fitting the fitting concave groove 38 of the flame hole member 3 into the air introduction opening 15 on the proximal end side. That is, the outer wall 37 of the fitting groove 38 is inserted into the air introduction opening 15, and the projecting end of the air flow path member 5 is inserted into the fitting groove 38 and brought into contact with the bottom wall 36 of the fitting groove 38. .

  The air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 (flame hole member 3) are partially in contact with each other by an uneven shape (not shown), and both are integrated. Since they are partially in contact with each other by the uneven shape as described above, in other words, they are partially apart. The cross section of FIG. 1 illustrates a portion where the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 (flame hole member 3) are separated so that the function can be easily understood. However, the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 is blocked by the bottom wall 36 of the fitting concave groove 38 at the upstream end (the lower end in the drawing) of the combustion device 1. Therefore, the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 does not directly communicate with the outside world on the base end side.

  As described above, the flame hole member 3 is located between the two air flow path members 5, but the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 is on the lower side of the drawing relative to the air flow path member 5. It is in a position buried between the flow path members 5. Therefore, the space on the tip side of the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 is partitioned by the walls of the two air flow path members 5. In the present embodiment, the space surrounded by the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 and the two air flow path members 5 functions as the first combustion portion 46.

The combustion apparatus 1 described above is provided with a first ion current detection member 65 (probe) and a second ion current detection member 66 (probe) that are characteristic configurations of the present invention. That is, in the first combustion section 46 sandwiched between the two air flow path members 5 that are opposed to each other on the flame hole member 3, there is a combustion device at a position in the primary flame 24 that is generated during combustion. The first ion current detection member 65 is disposed along the longitudinal direction of 1, and the second ion current detection member 66 is disposed in the vicinity of the bent portion 14 that is the tip portion of the air flow path member 5. The first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 are fixed to a wall on the near side or the other side of the paper (not shown) that partitions the first combustion unit 46.
Since there are combustion component ions in the flame, the flame is electrically conductive. The first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 utilize this property of flame.

  The first ion current detection member 65 is disposed in the primary flame 24. Here, the first ion current detection member 65 passes through the high-temperature flame surface of the primary flame 24, and the tip portion is disposed inside the primary flame 24. Since there is an unburned mixture inside the primary flame 24, the temperature is low. Therefore, the first ion current detection member 65 does not become very high as a whole. Further, the second ion current detection member 66 is in a position where the secondary air 67 supplied (injected) from the distal end opening 21 (secondary air supply port) of the bent portion 14 is hit (ie, in the vicinity of the distal end opening 21). Placed in. Therefore, the second ion current detection member 66 is encased in the secondary air 67 without being exposed to the secondary flame 68.

  Accordingly, the temperature rise of the second ion current detection member 66 is suppressed by the secondary air 67. Further, the secondary air 67 blocks the electrical connection of the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 during normal combustion due to the flame, and no ion current flows between the two, Abnormal combustion when the amount of air relative to the amount of fuel gas is insufficient can be reliably detected.

  A procedure for diagnosing the combustion state using the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 21 is a graph showing the relationship between the output values (microampere: μA) of the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 and the amount (ppm) of carbon monoxide CO. FIG. 22 is a control system diagram for controlling the air amount and the fuel gas amount. FIG. 23 is a flowchart for diagnosing the combustion state of the combustion apparatus.

  As shown in FIG. 21, the regulation value of the emission amount of carbon monoxide CO is set so as to conform to environmental standards. That is, the regulation value (threshold value) of the exhausted CO amount corresponds to the difference (μA) between the output value of the second ion current detection member 66 and the output value of the first ion current detection member 65.

  In FIG. 21, during normal combustion, there are a lot of carbon monoxide CO ions generated by combustion in the primary flame 24, so the output value (ion current detection value) of the first ion current detection member 65 is high. Become. On the other hand, most of the second ion current detection member 66 is encased in the secondary air 67, and the amount of generated ions in the surroundings is extremely small, and a secondary flame mainly composed of combustion of carbon monoxide CO and hydrogen H. Even if 68 is present, the output value of the second ion current detection member 66 is considerably lower than the output value of the first ion current detection member 65.

  If only the amount of air supplied by the blower 41 is reduced for some reason, the amount of unburned CO component in the first combustion section 46 increases, and the first flame 24 is installed in the primary flame 24 due to the extension of the primary flame 24. Not only does the portion of the ion current detection member 65 enclosed in the unburned mixture increase, but also the combustion temperature decreases and the ion concentration of the primary flame 24 decreases, so the output value of the first ion current detection member 65 decreases.

  On the other hand, since the hydrocarbon CO component generated by the air shortage in the primary flame 24 reaches the second ion current detection member 66, the output value of the second ion current detection member 66 increases. Therefore, it can be seen that the difference between the output value of the first ion current detection member 65 and the output value of the second ion current detection member 66 increases as the amount of air (air volume) supplied by the blower 41 decreases.

  Therefore, an operation value of the difference D (FIG. 21) between the two output values corresponding to the regulation value X (FIG. 21) of the emission concentration of carbon monoxide CO is obtained in advance by experiment, and this is used as a threshold value for the control shown in FIG. The data is stored in the memory 76 provided in the device 69.

  Then, the CPU 74 calculates the difference between the output values detected by the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66, and compares the calculated value with the threshold value stored in the memory 76.

  If the calculated value is smaller than the threshold value, it is determined that the combustion of the combustion apparatus 1 is normal. Conversely, if the calculated value reaches the threshold value, or if the calculated value exceeds the threshold value, the combustion apparatus 1 It is determined that the combustion is abnormal. When it is determined (diagnosis) that the combustion is abnormal, the control device 69 increases the amount of air blown from the blower 41 or restricts the fuel gas supply valve 59 or the fuel gas proportional valve 18 and the nozzle 42 shown in FIG. By reducing the amount of fuel gas injected from the fuel, the combustion is normalized. Here, the threshold value may have a width d, and it may be determined that combustion is abnormal when the calculated value enters the threshold value region (FIG. 21). That is, a predetermined width d may be set on the side where the carbon monoxide CO concentration is smaller than the regulation value X, and it may be determined that the combustion is abnormal before the calculated value reaches the regulation value X.

  When the control device 69 determines that the combustion is abnormal and takes the above measures, and the combustion is normalized, the control device 69 supplies the blower 41 and the fuel gas so that the calculated value does not reach the threshold value. The opening degree of the valve 59 or the fuel gas proportional valve 18 is adjusted. The total amount of air supplied by the blower 41 may be increased or decreased, or the distribution of the amount of air distributed to the first route, the second route, and the third route, which will be described later, may be adjusted. Further, the amount of fuel gas injected from the nozzle 42 may be adjusted. Then, when the controller 69 determines that the combustion is abnormal, the user may be alerted by blinking an alarm lamp or the like so that proper maintenance can be performed.

The above series of flows will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.
When the combustion apparatus 1 starts to operate, first, the blower 41 is driven, and then fuel gas is injected from the nozzle 42 (FIG. 1), and an air-fuel mixture is generated in the premixing member 2. The air-fuel mixture is ignited and ignited by the igniter 4 (FIG. 22), and then performs the primary combustion and the secondary combustion described above.

  Then, the control device 69 calculates a calculated value (difference between both output values) from the output values detected by the first ion current detecting member 65 and the second ion current detecting member 66, and stores the calculated value and the memory 76. Compare with the threshold. If the calculated value does not reach the threshold value (or threshold region), it is determined that the combustion is normal, and the combustion apparatus 1 is operating for a predetermined time (for example, an interval of 0.05 seconds to 3 seconds, preferably It is determined whether or not the calculated value has reached the threshold every 0.1 second to 1 second interval). When the calculated value reaches the threshold value (or threshold region), the combustion is abnormal, so the control device 69 increases the amount of air blown by the blower 41 or decreases the amount of fuel gas to be supplied. Further, the ion current value (output value) is detected by the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66, and the calculated value is calculated to confirm that the combustion state has been improved. If the combustion condition has not improved, repeat this operation until it is improved. When the combustion state is improved, it is determined whether or not “calculated value <threshold value” every time a predetermined time elapses. When the operation of the combustion apparatus 1 is stopped, this determination operation is also ended.

The control of the flowchart of FIG. 23 compares the difference between the output values and the threshold value, and performs an operation such as increasing the blower amount of the blower when the difference between the output values exceeds the threshold value. In such a case, it is desirable to reduce the blowing amount to an appropriate amount.
When the supply amount of fuel gas is excessively reduced, it is desirable to increase the supply amount of fuel gas to an appropriate amount.
For example, as shown in the flowchart of FIG. 25, the second threshold value is set, and when the difference between the output values falls below the second threshold value, the blower amount of the blower is decreased or the supply amount of the combustion gas is increased.
FIG. 25 is a flowchart for diagnosing the combustion state of the combustion apparatus configured to include control for reducing the air flow rate.
Further, if the output values of the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 do not fall within the proper range even if the air flow is increased or decreased or the fuel gas is increased or decreased, it is desirable to stop the combustion. .
You may employ | adopt the structure which issues a certain warning when the output value of the 1st ion current detection member 65 and the 2nd ion current detection member 66 exceeds a threshold value.

The function of the combustion apparatus 1 including the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 will be described in detail below.
A large number of combustion apparatuses 1 are arranged in a case 54 as shown in FIG. 3, and are blown by a blower 41 from the lower side as seen in FIG. 1. Further, the fuel gas is introduced from the gas inlet 43 of the premixing member 2 by the nozzle 42.
First, the flow of air will be described. The flow of the blast is indicated by a thin line in the drawing.
The blown air generated by the blower 41 is rectified by the opening 45 of the rectifying plate 44 and enters the inside of the combustion device 1 from the base end (lower side of the drawing) of the combustion device 1.
There are three routes of blowing into the combustion device 1. That is, the first route is a route that passes through the air flow path member 5, and the air flow enters the air flow path member 5 from the air introduction opening 15 provided at the base end portion of the air flow path member 5, and the internal air flow path 13 flows directly upward toward the tip side. And most of the air is discharged to the outside through the tip openings 20 and 21.

A part of the air flowing through the air flow path member 5 is also discharged from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section and the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48.
The air discharged from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion part is discharged obliquely forward from the inclined surface 22 of the step part with respect to the axis of the combustion apparatus 1.
Further, the air discharged from the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 flows through the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 and reaches the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3.

The second route is a route that flows through the intermediate member 6. That is, the intermediate member 6 is configured such that the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 is sandwiched between the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3, but between the opening row portion 10 and the flame hole member 3. There is a gap, and a part of this gap is open to the lower side of the intermediate member 6.
Therefore, air enters between the premixing member 2 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3 from the opening 28.
This air flows through the gap between the side wall portions 31 and 32 and the opening row portion 10 and enters the mixing space 39. Subsequently, it flows into the space 47 between the opening row portion 10 and the top surface 30 portion of the flame hole member 3. That is, the above-described air flows through the flame hole upstream flow path 49. Then, it is discharged from the slit as the flame hole 33 to the first combustion section 46. Part of the air that has entered the space 47 enters the space 29 between the main body member 25 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side wall portion of the main body member 25, and the first side through the side surface side opening 27. It is discharged to the combustion unit 46.

  Next, the third route of air will be described. The third route is a route for primary air, and is introduced from the gas introduction port 43 of the premixing member 2 together with the fuel gas. Since the third route is the same as the route through which the fuel gas (air mixture) flows, the following will be described as the flow of the fuel gas. The flow of fuel gas is illustrated by solid arrows.

Fuel gas is introduced from the gas inlet 43 of the premixing member 2 together with the primary air. The fuel gas is mixed with air in the mixing unit 7 or the like and flows into the opening row unit 10. In the opening row portion 10, since a large number of openings 8 are arranged in a straight line, the fuel gas (air mixture) that has entered the opening row portion 10 is evenly discharged from each opening 8. The fuel gas (air mixture) discharged from the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 enters the mixing space 39 formed between the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3 and the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10, and the flame. It is mixed with the air flowing through the hole upstream flow path (including the mixing space 39) 49.
Here, the air flowing through the flame hole upstream flow path (including the mixing space 39) 49 flows in the height direction (from the bottom to the top) of the combustion apparatus 1 whereas it is discharged from the openings 8 of the opening row portion 10. The injected fuel gas flows in a direction perpendicular to the air flow. Therefore, the fuel gas discharged from the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 collides violently with the air even at the portion of the mixing space 39, and the mixing with the air is promoted. Further, since the mixing space 39 communicates over the entire longitudinal direction of the opening row portion 10, the pressure is also smoothed.

The fuel gas passes through the mixing space 39 and flows into the space 47, and the mixing of the fuel gas and air is also promoted during this period. After that, the flow is the same as the flow of the flame hole upstream flow path 49 described above, and enters the space 47 between the opening row portion 10 and the top surface 30 portion of the flame hole member 3, and many portions are the flame holes 33. It is discharged from the slit to the first combustion section 46. Part of the air that has entered the space 47 enters the gap 29 between the decompression wall 26 and the side walls 31, 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side walls 31, 32 of the main body member 25, and the side opening 27. To the first combustion section 46.
The fuel gas discharged from the flame hole 33 is mixed with air in the premixing member 2 and further mixed with air in the mixing space 39, so that the fuel gas is homogeneous and the speed at which the fuel gas is discharged from the flame hole 33. Is even.
However, although the fuel gas (air mixture) discharged from the flame hole 33 is mixed with air, the amount of air is less than the theoretical amount of air. The fuel gas released from the flame hole 33 is in an air-deficient state and cannot be burned completely.

When the fuel gas (air-fuel mixture) is ignited, the fuel gas generates the primary flame 24 in the first combustion section 46, and primary combustion is performed. However, since the fuel gas is in an air-deficient state as described above, it cannot be burned completely, and many unburned components are generated.
Unburned components are discharged to the outside from the opening of the first combustion section 46. Here, air is supplied to the outside of the first combustion section 46 from the tip end portion (tip end opening 21) of the air flow path member 5. Therefore, the unburned component is supplied with oxygen (secondary air 67) and undergoes secondary combustion. That is, the area outside the first combustion part 46 functions as a second combustion part, and a secondary flame 68 is generated.

In this embodiment, air is supplied to the base end portion of the primary flame 24 described above, and flame holding occurs at the base end portion of the primary flame 24.
In this embodiment, the fuel gas is not only released from the flame hole 33 which is the “center opening”, but also released from the side opening 27 to the first combustion part 46. However, the flow rate of the fuel gas discharged from the side opening 27 is slower than that of the fuel gas discharged from the flame hole 33 which is the “center opening”. That is, the fuel gas enters the gap 29 between the decompression wall 26 and the side walls 31, 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side walls 31, 32 of the main body member 25, and enters the first combustion unit 46 from the side opening 27. Released. Therefore, the amount of fuel gas entering the gap 29 is limited, and the amount released from the side opening 27 is small. On the other hand, since the side opening 27 has a large opening area, the fuel gas discharged from the side opening 27 has a low flow velocity.

Further, as described above, a part of the air passing through the air flow path member 5 enters the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 from the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48. It is discharged and reaches the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3 through the gap 40. Therefore, the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3 is rich in oxygen compared to other parts, and the fuel gas (air mixture) released from the side surface side opening 27 is supplied with air and burns relatively stably. .
As described above, stable flame holding is generated in the vicinity of the side opening 27 in combination with the low flow rate of the fuel gas. Therefore, the base end portion of the primary flame 24 is held by a small flame generated in the vicinity of the side opening 27.

Further, in the present embodiment, the secondary flame 68 is stabilized by the air discharged from the combustion portion air discharge opening 23. That is, in the present embodiment, there is an inclined surface 22 in the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5 and corresponding to the base end portion of the first combustion portion 46, and air is discharged to the combustion portion on the inclined surface 22. Since the opening 23 is provided, air is supplied from the base end portion of the first combustion section 46 in an oblique direction with respect to the air traveling direction. Therefore, the supplied air is supplied into the first combustion section 46 without hindering the flow of the primary flame 24 and unburned gas. As a result, part of the unburned gas in the first combustion section 46 starts to burn, and a secondary flame is generated in part. Since the secondary flame is connected to the external secondary flame 68, the secondary flame 68 generated outside is also stable.
In the present embodiment, the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section opens in an oblique direction and does not obstruct the flow of the primary flame 24 and unburned gas as described above. The air flow path member 5 is not excessively heated.
Therefore, the combustion apparatus 1 of the present embodiment is practical because both the primary flame 24 and the secondary flame 68 are stable.

  The first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 are installed in a two-stage combustion type combustion apparatus that performs primary combustion in a state where oxygen is insufficient, and further supplies secondary air to perform secondary combustion. It is.

Next, a more practical configuration example of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. The embodiments described below are practically designed to implement the present invention and are the most recommended configurations.
The basic configuration and basic functions of the combustion apparatus shown in the drawings after FIG. 2 are the same as those of the above-described embodiment, but practical details are applied to the details. The members having the same functions as those of the previous embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description of the overlapping functions will be simplified.

  The combustion apparatus 1 shown in FIG. 2 is used in parallel with a case 54 as shown in FIGS. The combustion apparatus 1 of the present embodiment also has a premixing member 2, a flame hole member 3, and an air flow path member 5. The premixing member 2 and the flame hole member 3 are fitted together to constitute one intermediate member 6, and the intermediate member 6 is sandwiched between the two air flow path members 5.

  The shape of the premixing member 2 is as shown in FIGS. The premixing member 2 is formed by pressing a single steel plate to form a developed figure having irregularities on the surface, bending it, and then joining the periphery by spot welding. Spot welding is performed at the surrounding flange portion 51.

The shape of the premixing member 2 after assembling is such that a front plate 52 as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 and a symmetrical back plate 53 are superimposed on this. The external appearance of the premixing member 2 has a sharp shape, has a flat top 50, and is closed so that gas does not leak out.
A series of gas passages are formed between the front plate 52 and the back plate 53 inside. That is, in the part where the unevenness of the front plate 52 and the back plate 53 coincides, the metal plates are arranged in a gap, and a gas flow path is formed by this gap.

In the premixing member 2 employed in the present embodiment, the gas flow path is largely divided into upper and lower parts as shown in FIG. Specifically, the gas flow path is roughly composed of a mixing flow path 19 and an opening row portion 10.
As shown in FIG. 9, the mixing channel 19 is on the lower side of the premixing member 2 and is a channel from the inlet of the gas channel to the opening row portion 10. If it demonstrates from the inlet_port | entrance of a gas flow path, the gas inlet 43 will open at the lower side corner of the combustion apparatus 1 like FIG. Inside the gas introduction port 43, there is a constricted part 55 whose sectional area is temporarily constricted, and further on the downstream side there is a diameter-enlarging part 56 whose sectional area gradually increases. After that, the uniform cross section 57 has a uniform cross section. The flow path is linear from the gas introduction port 43 to the uniform cross section 57 through the throttle portion 55 and the enlarged diameter portion 56.
The end of the uniform cross section 57 is connected to the opening row portion 10 with the flow path bent vertically.
In the present embodiment, there is no portion that becomes a stop immediately before the opening row portion 10.

The opening row | line | column part 10 is located in the upper end part of the premixing member 2, and is extended over the whole longitudinal direction like FIG. The cross-sectional area of the opening row 10, in other words, the gap between the front plate 52 and the back plate 53 at that portion is large as shown in FIGS.
The cross-sectional shape of the opening row portion 10 is a two-stage shape as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, and the top side is a narrow area portion 58, and the cross-sectional area is slightly narrow.
That is, the cross-sectional shape of the opening row portion 10 will be described. The top portion 50 is flat, and the upper side vertical wall 81 is perpendicular to both sides of the top portion 50. The end of the vertical wall 81 is connected to the inclined wall and extends slightly outward. Further, the end of the inclined wall is a lower side vertical wall 82.

A large number of openings 8 are provided on both the front plate 52 and the back plate 53 in the narrow area 58 described above, which is the outer surface of the opening row portion 10. The openings 8 are provided in a line along a straight line with a certain interval.
In the present embodiment, the opening 8 is provided only on the front side and the back side of the opening row portion 10, and the top portion 50 has no opening.

Next, the air flow path member 5 will be described with reference to FIGS. The air flow path member 5 is also formed by pressing a single steel plate to form a developed figure having irregularities on the surface, bending it, and then joining it by spot welding. In the air flow path member 5, the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 are joined with a slight gap as shown in FIG. 8, and a gap serving as the air flow path 13 is provided inside.
The air flow path member 5 has an acute-angle bent portion 14 at the tip portion, and the apex portion 9 is configured by the bent portion 14. The top portion 9 extends in a ridgeline shape.
As shown in FIG. 12, the air flow path member 5 is provided with flange portions 83 on two sides in contact with the bent portion, and the flange portions 83 are spot-welded.
On the proximal end side of the air flow path member 5, the space between the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 is opened as shown in FIG. 8, and an air introduction opening 15 is formed.

The appearance of the air flow path member 5 is a thin wall as shown in FIG. The air flow path member 5 is roughly divided into three regions with respect to the height direction on the basis of the vertically placed state as shown in FIG.
That is, the introduction portion 60 extends from the base end portion to a height of about 1/3. Furthermore, the region of about 3 in the height direction is the intermediate portion 61. The approximately 1/3 region on the front end side is the first combustion portion constituting portion 62.

The air flow path member 5 constitutes a flow path from the air introduction opening 15 toward the front end side, but the cross-sectional area of the flow path becomes narrower toward the front end side.
That is, the cross-sectional area of the portion (introduction portion 60) from the air introduction opening 15 to about 1/3 of the total height is substantially constant as shown in FIG. In other words, the introduction part 60 has the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 parallel to each other as shown in the cross-sectional view of FIG.

The intermediate part 61 is generally tapered.
That is, the intermediate portion 61 has a tapered shape in which the lower portion is wide as shown in the figure and the interval is narrowed toward the upper portion. However, a bulging portion 84 is provided at a boundary portion between the distal end side end portion of the taper and the first combustion portion constituting portion 62. As for the outer wall part which comprises the bulging part 84, the front and back part is parallel.

Although the cross-sectional area of the first combusting part constituting part 62 is substantially constant (excluding the top part 9), the cross-sectional area per unit length during this period is about 1/3 of that of the introducing part 60.
There is a step portion formed of the inclined surface 22 between the first combustion portion constituting portion 62 and the intermediate portion 61.

The air flow path member 5 is provided with air discharge openings in three regions.
The positions where the air discharge openings are provided are roughly divided into a front end portion, a position facing the first combustion portion 46, and a position facing the intermediate member 6.

That is, the front end portions of the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5 are bent in a mountain shape, and inclined surfaces 16 and 17 are formed on the front surface side and the back surface side. The inclined surfaces 16 and 17 are provided with a circular tip opening 20 as shown in FIG. 12, and a circular tip opening 21 is also provided at the most distal portion (ridge line portion).
Further, in the present embodiment, slit-shaped tip openings 63 and 64 are provided on the top and the inclined surfaces 16 and 17. There are two types of slit lengths: the smaller slit-shaped tip opening 63 is a slit that connects all the inclined surfaces 16, 17 and the top 9. The larger slit (front end opening) 64 is longer and extends from the portion where the front and back surfaces 11 and 12 are parallel to the top portion 9.

The large slits (tip opening) 64 have a larger number than the small slits (tip opening) 63, and the large slits 64 are continuously provided in two or three rows, and then the small slits 63 are provided. Subsequently, two or three rows of large slits 64 are continuously provided, and these are continuous over the entire length direction of the air flow path member 5.
The circular tip openings 20 and 21 are provided between the slits (tip openings) 63 and 64.

  A second ion current detection member 66 is disposed in close proximity along the direction in which the tip openings 20 and 21 and the slit-like tip openings 63 and 64 are arranged (that is, the longitudinal direction of the air flow path member 5). Therefore, the secondary air injected from the circular tip openings 20 and 21 and the slits (tip openings) 63 and 64 directly hits the second ion current detection member 66 and is protected from the secondary flame 68. The

  The tip openings 20 and 21 are provided to supply the secondary air 67 to the secondary flame 68 as in the previous embodiment.

  An air discharge opening 23 for the combustion part is provided on the inclined surface 22 between the first combustion part constituting part 62 and the intermediate part 61 described above. The air discharge opening 23 for the combustion part supplies secondary air to the primary flame 24 of the first combustion part 46 and burns a part of the primary flame 24 to generate a secondary flame in part.

  Further, an air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 is also provided in the vicinity of the boundary between the introduction portion 60 and the intermediate portion 61. The air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 supplies air to the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3 to stabilize flame holding.

The front and back surfaces 11 and 12 of the air flow path member 5 are provided with uneven shapes in each part for the purpose of providing a gap between them or for providing a gap between other members.
To explain sequentially, a plurality of concave grooves 70 and 71 extending in the height direction are provided on the wall surface constituting the first combustion portion constituting portion 62 on the front end side. The concave grooves 70 and 71 are both concave when viewed from the surface side, and extend in the height direction. The concave groove 70 is shorter than the concave groove 71. The concave grooves 70 and 71 are both arranged in parallel. The concave grooves 70 and 71 are provided mainly for reinforcing the plate.
In this embodiment, a plurality of short grooves 70 are provided, followed by a long groove 71, and a plurality of short grooves 70 are provided, and the grooves 70 are formed over the entire width of the air flow path member 5. , 71 are arranged.

Further, the distance between the long grooves 71 is wider than the distance between the other grooves.
A streamlined recess 72 as shown in FIGS. 12 and 13 is provided between the long recesses 71 and in the vicinity of the base end of the recess 71. The concave deformation portion 72 is also a concave shape when viewed from the front side. Specifically, the shape of the concave change portion 72 is such that a large circle and a small circle are arranged apart from each other and connected by a common tangent line, and the large circle side is located upstream of the air flow path. However, the small circle side is located downstream of the air flow path. A line connecting the centers of the two circles is parallel to the air flow direction. A common tangent line connecting two circles has an inclination of 30 ° or less with respect to a line connecting the centers of the circles.

  The middle portion 61 of the air flow path member 5 is provided with six ridges 73 as shown in FIG. The direction of the ridges 73 is parallel to the air flow direction. As will be described later, the ridge 73 is in contact with the outer surface of the intermediate member 6 to provide a gap therebetween, and the position of the protrusion (ridgeline) of the ridge 73 (from the center line of the air flow path member 5). (Distance) is the same in any part. That is, as described above, in the intermediate portion 61, the cross-sectional shape of the flow path is tapered, but the height of the ridge 73 (the size of the bulge) changes to a reverse tapered shape, and the positions of the protruding end portions are aligned. .

  A plurality of concave grooves 75 are also provided in parallel in the introduction portion 60 of the air flow path member 5. Each of the concave grooves 75 extends from the proximal end side to the distal end side of the air flow path member 5. The concave groove 75 has a concave shape when viewed from the surface side.

A concave groove 77 extending in the lateral direction (perpendicular to the air flow) is provided in the vicinity of the introduction portion 60 of the air flow path member 5.
The concave groove 77 is provided mainly for positioning.

  Further, when the eyes are moved to the side surface portion of the air flow path member 5, a substantially triangular protrusion 80 is provided at the center portion of both side surfaces.

Next, the flame hole member 3 will be described. The flame hole member 3 is formed by welding a decompression wall 26 to the side surface of the main body member 25 as shown in FIGS.
The main body member 25 of the flame hole member 3 is also formed by pressing a single steel plate to form a developed figure having irregularities on the surface, bending it, and spot welding. As shown in FIG. 14, the main body member 25 also has flanges 85 on two sides connected to the top surface 30, joined by the flange 85, and the surface facing the top surface 30 is released.

The main body member 25 of the flame hole member 3 has a top surface 30 functioning as a flame hole as shown in FIGS. 8 and 14, and two side wall portions 31 and 32 bent about 90 ° from both ends. The top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 has a long shape and is elongated. Further, the top surface 30 has a roof shape, the central ridge line portion 86 is the highest, and both sides are gently inclined walls 87.
The flame hole member 3 is formed by bending a steel plate as described above, but the ridge line portion 86 of the top surface 30 is folded into the steel plate. Therefore, as shown in the drawing, the folded portion hangs down as a vertical wall 88 in the internal cavity.

  The top surface 30 of the main body member 25 is provided with a slit-like opening serving as a flame hole (center side opening) 33. The slit (flame hole 33) extends in the width direction of the top surface 30. A plurality of slit-shaped openings are arranged in parallel, and are provided in the entire longitudinal direction of the top surface 30. Then, as shown in FIG. 14, a flame hole group 89 is configured with a plurality of slit-shaped openings as a set, and the flame hole group 89 is arranged on the top surface 30 at regular intervals.

Paying attention to the cross-sectional shape of the main body member 25, the main body member 25 has two narrowed portions 78 and 79 as shown in FIG. In other words, there are two bulging portions 90 and 91 except for the base end portion.
In other words, there are a tip-side bulged portion 90 including the portion of the top surface 30 and an intermediate bulged portion 91 provided in the intermediate portion. A front end side narrowed portion 78 is provided between the intermediate bulging portion 91 and the front end side bulging portion 90. Further, a proximal end side throttle portion 79 is provided on the proximal end side of the intermediate bulging portion 91.

Among the bulging portions 90 and 91 and the narrowed portions 78 and 79, the tip-side bulging portion 90 and the intermediate bulging portion 91 are both provided over the entire width of the flame hole member 3.
Further, openings 35 are provided in a row on the side surface of the distal side bulging portion 90 as shown in FIG. The opening 35 is a small hole.
The proximal end side narrowed portion 79 is provided with a plurality of ridges 92 as shown in FIG. The ridge 92 protrudes outward as viewed from the surface side, and a groove 93 is formed inside as shown in FIG. The ridge 92 extends in the height direction of the flame hole member 3. A plurality of ridges 92 are arranged in parallel to the width direction of the flame hole member 3.

The open end sides of the side wall portions 31 and 32 are folded back by about 90 ° twice as shown in FIGS. 6, 8, 16, and 17, and a fitting groove 38 is formed on the outside. The bottom wall 36 of the fitting groove 38 is perpendicular to the side walls 31, 32, and the outer wall 37 of the fitting groove 38 is parallel to the side walls 31, 32.
The outer wall 37 constituting the fitting groove 38 has a substantially trapezoidal front shape. That is, the sides on both sides of the outer wall 37 are inclined as shown in the enlarged view of FIG. 15, and the tip side is tapered in a tapered shape. Further, as shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, projections 95 are provided on the side wall portions 31 and 32 in the fitting concave groove 38. The positions of the protrusions 95 are at both ends of the fitting concave groove 38, and one protrusion 95 is provided at each end.

  The decompression wall 26 is fixed to the upper end portions of the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the main body member 25. The decompression wall 26 is in the form of a long plate as shown in FIG. There is a gap 29 between the side wall portions 31, 32 of the main body member 25 and the decompression wall 26. The gap 29 is open on the upper side of the drawing. This opening functions as the side opening 27. Note that a small protrusion 97 is provided on the inner surface of the decompression wall 26 as shown in FIG. 8, and the protrusion 97 abuts the main body member 25 to regulate the interval between the side opening 27.

  As described above, the distal-side bulged portion 90 has the openings 35 (FIG. 14) in a row, and the openings 35 communicate the inner surface of the main body member 25 with the gap 29.

  Both end portions of the main body member 25 are overlapped with the side wall portions 31 and 32 to form a flange 85 and are joined by spot welding, but the side wall portion extends from the proximal end side to the vicinity of the intermediate bulge portion. There is a slit 98 between 31 and 32.

Next, the relationship between each member of the combustion apparatus 1 main body will be described with reference to FIGS.
Also in the combustion apparatus of the present embodiment, the premixing member 2 and the flame hole member 3 are fitted together to constitute the intermediate member 6.
Although the flame hole member 3 (intermediate member 6) is located between the two air flow path members 5 as described above, the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 is more than the upper end of the air flow path member 5. It is on the lower side of the drawing and is in a position buried between the air flow path members 5. Therefore, the space on the tip side of the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 is partitioned by the walls of the two air flow path members 5. In the present embodiment, the space surrounded by the top surface 30 of the flame hole member 3 and the two air flow path members 5 functions as the first combustion portion 46.

The intermediate member 6 is obtained by mounting the premixing member 2 on the flame hole member 3, and the top 50 side of the premixing member 2 is inserted into a hollow portion of the flame hole member 3. At this time, the flange portions 51 at both ends of the premixing member 2 are fitted into the slits 98 formed at both ends of the flame hole member 3. Then, the protruding end of the premixing member 2 and the back end of the slit 98 come into contact with each other and positioning in the insertion direction is performed.
Further, the vertical wall 82 provided on the lower side of the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 is brought into contact with the inner wall of the base end side restricting portion 79 of the flame hole member 3 so as to be positioned in the thickness direction.
The narrow area portion 58 of the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 is the position of the intermediate bulging portion 91 of the flame hole member 3.

  When attention is paid to the gap between the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 and the flame hole member 3, the narrowness of the opening row portion 10 is narrowed to the intermediate bulging portion 91 of the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3 as described above. There is an area 58. That is, the portion of the intermediate bulging portion 91 corresponds to the row portion of the openings 8 of the opening row portion 10. Therefore, the outer side of the opening 8 of the opening row part 10 is separated from the side wall parts 31 and 32, and there is a wider space (mixing space) 39 than the other on the outer side of the opening 8. The mixing space 39 communicates over a portion corresponding to all the openings 8.

  On the other hand, as described above, the lower side of the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2 is in contact with the inner wall of the base end side throttle portion 79 of the flame hole member 3. Therefore, the outer wall of the opening row portion 10 and the inner wall of the flame hole member 3 are in contact with each other at almost all positions in the width direction, and there is no gap. However, as described above, the base end side restricting portion 79 is provided with a plurality of protruding ridges 92, and the inner surface side of the protruding ridges 92 is a concave groove 93 (FIG. 6). Therefore, in the portion of the ridge 92, the outer wall of the opening row portion 10 and the inner wall of the flame hole member 3 are separated. Further, since the ridge 92 extends in the height direction of the flame hole member 3, the mixed space 39 communicates with the base end side of the flame hole member 3.

  Here, paying attention to the positional relationship between the position of the ridge 92 and the opening 8 provided in the opening row portion 10 of the premixing member 2, the opening 8 is at a position directly above the ridge 92 as shown in FIG. That is, when the ridge 92 is extended, it intersects with the position of the opening 8. In the present embodiment, the ridge 92 and the opening 8 correspond one-to-one as shown in FIG. However, the number of openings 8 and the number of ridges 92 do not necessarily correspond one-on-one.

There is a gap between the base end portion of the flame hole member 3 and the premixing member 2. Therefore, the mixing space 39 described above communicates with the outside through the protrusions 92 (concave grooves 93) and the gaps at the base end portions.
On the other hand, when attention is paid to the further front end side of the mixing space 39, a relatively large space 47 between the side wall portions 31 and 32 and between the top portion 50 of the opening row portion 10 and the top surface 30 portion of the flame hole member 3. There is. In the present embodiment, the flame hole upstream flow path 49 is formed by the mixing space 39 and the space 47 downstream of the opening row portion 10.

Air flow path members 5 are mounted on both sides of the intermediate member 6 as shown in FIGS. The air flow path member 5 is fixed to the intermediate member 6 by fitting the fitting concave groove 38 of the flame hole member 3 into the air introduction opening 15 on the proximal end side. That is, the outer wall 37 of the fitting groove 38 is inserted into the air introduction opening 15, and the projecting end of the air flow path member 5 is inserted into the fitting groove 38 and brought into contact with the bottom wall 36 of the fitting groove 38.
Since the outer wall 37 of the concave groove for fitting 38 has a trapezoidal shape when viewed from the front as described above, the sides on both sides are tapered, so that when the air flow path member 5 is mounted, The inner wall follows the taper of the outer wall 37 of the fitting concave groove 38, and positioning in the width direction is performed.
When the air flow path member 5 is housed in a normal position with respect to the flame hole member 3, the fitting groove is formed on the outer upper end of the groove 77 provided near the opening of the air flow path member 5 as shown in FIG. The protrusions 95 provided in the plate 38 are engaged with each other, and a “click” feeling of moderation is obtained.

When attention is paid to the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 (flame hole member 3), the side surface side of the upstream air discharge opening 48 of the air flow path member 5 as shown in FIGS. The leading end side throttle portion 78 of the flame hole member 3 is located. Since the front end side throttle portion 78 is a portion where the surface of the flame hole member 3 is recessed, there is a gap between the air flow path member 5 and the flame hole member 3 in the vicinity of the upstream air discharge opening 48.
Further, this gap communicates with the first combustion portion 46. That is, the air flow path is tapered on the front end side of the air flow path member 5 from the upstream side air discharge opening 48, and the outer wall of the air flow path member 5 is located inside the air flow path as it goes downstream. A gap is formed between the flame hole member 3 and the flame hole member 3. The outer wall of the air flow path member 5 and the flame hole member 3 are partially in contact with each other by a ridge 73 provided on the air flow path member 5.

Next, the function of the combustion apparatus 1 will be described.
A large number of combustion apparatuses 1 are arranged in a case 54 as shown in FIG. 3, and are blown by a blower 41 from the lower side of the drawing as shown in FIG. Further, the fuel gas is introduced from the gas introduction port 43 of the premixing member 2 by the nozzle 42 (FIG. 1).
The flow of the blast is substantially the same as in the above-described embodiment, and the blast generated by the blower 41 is rectified by the opening of the rectifying plate 44 (FIG. 4), and from the base end (lower side of the drawing) of the combustion device 1. It enters the inside of the combustion apparatus 1.
The route of the air entering into the combustion apparatus 1 is the same as that in the previous embodiment, and there are three routes. That is, the first route is a route passing through the air flow path member 5 as shown in FIG. 6, and the air flow enters the air flow path member 5 from the air introduction opening 15 provided at the base end portion of the air flow path member 5. , Flows through the internal air flow path 13 toward the tip side. And most of the air is discharged to the outside through the tip openings 20 and 21.

Returning to the description of the embodiment, in the combustion apparatus 1 of this embodiment, a part of the air flowing through the air flow path member 5 flows from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section and the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48. Are also released.
The air discharged from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion part is directed from the inclined surface 22 of the step part between the flame hole group 89 and the flame hole group 89 of the flame hole member 3 with respect to the axis of the combustion device 1. Is released diagonally forward.
Further, the air discharged from the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 flows through the gap 40 between the air flow path member 5 and the intermediate member 6 and reaches the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3. Specifically, the air discharged from the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 is discharged into a gap formed by the front end side throttle portion 78 of the flame hole member 3. This air flows through a gap formed by the tapered wall surface of the air flow path member 5 and is released to the side surface portion of the flame hole member 3.

The second route is a route that flows through the intermediate member 6, and air enters between the premixing member 2 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3 from the opening 28.
This air passes through a concave groove 93 formed on the inner surface of the flame hole member 3 (the back side of the ridge 92) and enters the mixing space 39. And it enters the space 47 between the opening row | line | column part 10 and the top face 30 part of the flame hole member 3. FIG. That is, the above-described air flows through the flame hole upstream flow path 49. Then, the gas is discharged from the slit serving as the flame hole (center side opening) 33 to the first combustion unit 46. Part of the air that has entered the space 47 enters the space 29 between the main body member 25 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side wall portion of the main body member 25, and the first side through the side surface side opening 27. It is discharged to the combustion unit 46.

  Next, the third route of air will be described. The third route is a route for primary air, and is introduced from the gas introduction port 43 of the premixing member 2 together with the fuel gas. Since the third route is the same as the route through which the fuel gas flows, the following description will be given as the flow of the fuel gas. The flow of fuel gas is illustrated by solid arrows.

The fuel gas is introduced together with the primary air from the gas introduction port 43 of the premixing member 2, mixed with air by the mixing unit 7 and the like, and flows into the opening row unit 10. Here, in the present embodiment, there is no portion that becomes a diaphragm between the uniform section 57 of the mixing portion 7 and the opening row portion 10. Therefore, the fuel gas protrudes into the opening row portion 10 without any portion where the flow velocity is different.
The fuel gas that has entered the opening row 10 is evenly discharged from each opening 8. That is, since the opening row portion 10 has a considerable internal volume, minute vortices generated in the curved path of the premixing member 2 are converged. Further, as described above, there is no portion to be throttled immediately before the opening row portion 10, and the fuel gas introduced into the opening row portion 10 has a small variation in flow velocity in the cross section of the flow path. Therefore, there is little pressure variation in the inside of the opening row | line | column part 10, and fuel gas is discharge | released from each opening 8 equally. The diameter of the opening 8 may be sequentially reduced so that the amount of ejected gas is uniform.

  The fuel gas discharged from the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 enters the mixing space 39 constituted by the intermediate bulging portion 91 of the flame hole member 3, and passes through the flame hole upstream flow path (including the mixing space 39) 49. Mixed with flowing air.

On the other hand, the air flowing through the mixing space 39 flows upward from the lower side of the drawing and is rectified.
That is, the air flowing into the mixing space 39 is introduced from the opening 28 between the premixing member 2 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 of the flame hole member 3, but before reaching the mixing space 39, the flame hole member Since it passes through the concave groove 93 (the back side of the ridge 92) formed in the inner surface of No. 3, it is a laminar flow.
More specifically, in this embodiment, most of the portion of the base end side throttle portion 79 of the flame hole member 3 is in contact with the outer wall of the premixing member 2. A large number of concave grooves 93 are formed on the inner surface, and there are gaps in the concave groove 93 portions. Each groove 93 communicates with the mixing space 39. Therefore, the air introduced from the opening 28 between the side walls 31 and 32 passes through the plurality of concave grooves 93 and reaches the mixing space 39. And since the ditch | groove 93 is an elongate flow path and is provided in parallel at equal intervals, the introduce | transduced air is rectified by flowing through the some ditch | groove 93. FIG.

The air flowing through the flame hole upstream side flow path (including the mixing space 39) 49 flows in the height direction of the combustion apparatus 1, whereas the fuel gas discharged from the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 becomes the flow of air. In contrast, it flows vertically. Therefore, the fuel gas discharged from the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 collides violently with the air even at the portion of the mixing space 39, and the mixing with the air is promoted.
In addition, in the present embodiment, since the opening 8 of the opening row portion 10 is on the extension line of the concave groove 93 (the back side of the ridge 92), the air that has exited the concave groove 93 is more reliably released from the opening 8. Collide with gas.
Further, since the mixing space 39 communicates over the entire longitudinal direction of the opening row portion 10, the pressure is also smoothed.

The fuel gas rises through the mixing space 39 and flows into the space formed by the tip-side bulging portion 90, but the mixing of the fuel gas and air is also promoted during this time. Most of the fuel gas is discharged from the slit that is the flame hole 33 to the first combustion section 46.
The fuel gas discharged from the slit is mixed with air in the premixing member 2 and further mixed with air in the mixing space 39, so that the fuel gas is uniform and the speed when discharged from the slit is also uniform. .
Part of the air that has entered the space 47 enters the gap 29 between the main body member 25 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side wall portion of the main body member 25, and first combustion from the side surface side opening 27. Released to the part 46.

  When the fuel gas (air-fuel mixture) is ignited, the fuel gas generates the primary flame 24 in the first combustion section 46, and primary combustion is performed. The unburned component is discharged to the outside from the opening of the first combustion unit 46, and air is supplied from the tip of the air flow path member 5 to perform secondary combustion.

In this embodiment, air is supplied to the base end portion of the primary flame 24 described above, and flame holding occurs at the base end portion of the primary flame 24.
That is, in this embodiment, part of the fuel gas is discharged from the side opening 27 to the first combustion unit 46. However, the fuel gas discharged from the side opening 27 has a slower flow rate than the fuel gas discharged from the slit. That is, the fuel gas enters the gap 29 between the main body member 25 and the side wall portions 31 and 32 from the opening 35 provided in the side wall portion of the main body member 25, and is released from the side surface side opening 27 to the first combustion portion 46. . Therefore, the amount of fuel gas entering the gap 29 is limited, and the amount released from the side opening 27 is small. On the other hand, since the side opening 27 has a large opening area, the fuel gas discharged from the side opening 27 has a low flow velocity.

Further, as described above, a part of the air passing through the air flow path member 5 is supplied to the fuel gas discharged from the side opening 27 and is completely burned.
That is, the air discharged from the air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening) 48 is formed by the tapered wall surface of the air flow path member 5 from the gap formed by the tip side narrowed portion 78 of the flame hole member 3. It flows along the gap and reaches the side surface of the flame hole member 3.

  As described above, stable flame holding is generated in the vicinity of the side opening 27 in combination with the low flow rate of the fuel gas. Therefore, the base end portion of the primary flame is held by a small flame generated in the vicinity of the side opening 27.

Also in this embodiment, air is supplied in an oblique direction from the combustion part air discharge opening 23 provided on the inclined surface 22, and a part of the unburned gas in the first combustion part 46 starts to burn, A secondary flame is generated in part. This secondary flame is connected to an external secondary flame 68.
Further, in the present embodiment, since air is released between the flame hole group 89 and the flame hole group 89 of the flame hole member 3, the air is sufficiently supplied around the flame hole group 89, and the primary flame. The flame 24 can be reliably held.
Also in this embodiment, the air supplied from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section does not interfere with the flow of the primary flame 24 and unburned gas, and the secondary flame 68 is generated at a position away from the air flow path member 5. The air flow path member 5 is not excessively heated.
Therefore, the combustion apparatus of this embodiment is practical because both the primary flame 24 and the secondary flame 68 are stable.
The first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 are installed in such a practical combustion apparatus, and the combustion state is determined.

  In the above-described embodiment, the configuration in which the opening for discharging the fuel gas is provided on the side surface as an example of the premixing member. According to this configuration, since the fuel gas is released in a direction perpendicular to the air flow, there are many opportunities for collision between the fuel gas and air, and mixing is promoted.

  In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 and subsequent figures, a number of uneven shapes are provided on the surface of each member. The uneven shape fulfills the function of improving the rigidity of the plate body in addition to the function of constituting the flow path. Further, the uneven shape that does not constitute the flow path only fulfills the function of improving the rigidity of the plate.

  In each of the above-described embodiments, a series of flow paths is formed by the gaps between the metal plates. That is, one or both plates are provided with a recess, and a gap is formed between the other plate. Here, it is one of the design matters to determine which plate is provided with the groove when forming the flow path, and the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment. For example, in the above-described embodiment, a part of the second route of the air has a flow path that passes between the inner surface of the flame hole member 3 and the outer peripheral surface of the premixing member. 93 was provided to secure the flow path. However, conversely, the flow path may be configured by providing a groove or the like on the premixing member side.

In the combustion apparatus as described above, the fuel gas and air are ideally distributed as appropriate, and a stable primary flame 24 and secondary flame 68 are generated. When it falls, the ratio (equivalent ratio) of fuel gas quantity and air quantity (oxygen quantity) will change, and a combustion state will deteriorate. However, in the combustion apparatus 1 of the present invention, it is possible to reliably detect an abnormality in the combustion state from the ion current values (output values) detected by the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66. it can. In addition, when the combustion device 1 is operated in a closed chamber, the oxygen partial pressure in the air decreases (oxygen decreases). Even in such a case, the combustion device according to the present invention is in a combustion state. Abnormalities can be detected immediately.
Therefore, when an abnormality is detected, the opening degree of the fuel gas proportional valve 18 or the fuel gas supply valve 59 is decreased so that the control device 69 immediately increases the air flow rate of the blower 41 or decreases the fuel gas amount. Thus, combustion can be normalized.

  The first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 installed in the combustion apparatus described above have a curved shape or a bent shape as shown in FIG. 20, for example, in addition to a linear shape. Can be adopted. If the tip portion is curved or bent, the detection of the combustion state of the primary flame 24 or the secondary flame 68 can be performed more reliably.

  For example, the curved or bent tip portion 65 a of the first ion current detection member 65 is directed toward the slit (flame) 33 (downward), and the curved or bent tip portion 66 a of the second ion current detection member 66. Is directed somewhat downward in the central direction of the first combustion section 46.

  That is, when the primary flame 24 floats due to air shortage, if the tip portion 66a of the second ion current detection member 66 is bent or bent, the amount of combustion is small and the primary flame 24 is small. However, the floating of the primary flame 24 can be reliably detected. In addition, if the tip portion 66a of the second ion current detection member 66 is bent upward from the horizontal, the above effect is weakened. Therefore, the curve is lowered from the horizontal plane toward the center of the primary flame 24 rather than from the horizontal plane. The above-described effect is exhibited by bending.

  However, if it is bent downward from the horizontal plane, the distance between the tip portion 66a and the secondary air supply port is shortened, and the possibility that the second ion current detection member 66 becomes high temperature due to abnormal combustion and droops downward is considered. Then, it is desirable to bend toward the center of the primary flame 24 in the horizontal plane.

  In the above description, the second ion current detection member 66 is installed in the vicinity of the secondary air outlet (tip opening 20, 21, 63, 64) at the tip of the air flow path member 5. FIG. May be provided in the vicinity of the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion section. If the second ion current detection member 66 is provided in the vicinity of the combustion portion air discharge opening 23, the second ion current detection member 66 is surrounded by the secondary air supplied from the combustion portion air discharge opening 23. Therefore, high temperature deformation can be avoided because the temperature rise is suppressed. Further, the secondary air supplied from the air discharge opening 23 for the combustion unit does not reach the ions in the flame to the second ion current detection member 66, and the first ion current detection member 65 and the second ion current detection member 66 It is possible to prevent conduction between the gaps, and it is possible to reliably detect a shortage of the air amount.

1 is a cross-sectional perspective view of a combustion apparatus schematically illustrating the structure of a combustion apparatus of the present invention. It is a perspective view of the combustion apparatus in the practical Example of this invention. It is a top view at the time of accommodating the combustion apparatus of FIG. 2 in a case. It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. It is sectional drawing of the combustion apparatus of FIG. It is the perspective view which fractured | ruptured the combustion apparatus of FIG. 2 in steps, and showed the internal structure. It is a disassembled perspective view of the combustion apparatus of FIG. FIG. 3 is an exploded cross-sectional view of the combustion apparatus of FIG. 2. FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a premixing member of the combustion apparatus of FIG. 2. It is AA sectional drawing of FIG. It is BB sectional drawing of FIG. It is a perspective view of the air flow path member of the combustion apparatus of FIG. It is an enlarged view of the concave change part of the air flow path member of FIG. It is a perspective view of the flame hole member of the combustion apparatus of FIG. It is a front enlarged view of the concave groove part for fitting of the flame hole member of FIG. It is a side view of the state which combined the flame hole member and the premixing member. It is an enlarged view of the base end part vicinity of the flame hole member of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the positional relationship of the opening of a premixing member, and the protruding item | line of an air flow path member. It is explanatory drawing which shows the flow of the air in the air flow path member in a present Example. It is a cross-sectional perspective view of the combustion apparatus which has arrange | positioned another ion current detection member which can be used when implementing this invention. It is a graph which shows the relationship between the output value of a 1st ion current detection member and a 2nd ion current detection member, and the quantity of carbon monoxide CO. It is a control system diagram for controlling the amount of air and the amount of fuel gas. It is a flowchart which diagnoses the combustion state of a combustion apparatus. It is a perspective view of the combustion apparatus different from FIG. 1 which implemented this invention. It is a flowchart which diagnoses the combustion state of the combustion apparatus of the structure containing the control which reduces ventilation volume.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Combustion device 2 Premixing member 3 Flame hole member 5 Air flow path member 6 Intermediate member 8 Opening 10 Opening row | line | column part 13 Air flow path 15 Air introduction opening 20, 21 Tip part opening 23 Combustion part air discharge opening 25 Main body member 26 Depressurization wall 27 Side opening 29 Gap 31, 32 Side wall 35 Opening 39 Mixing space 41 Blower 46 First combustion section 48 Air discharge opening (upstream air discharge opening)
49 Flame hole upstream flow path 63, 64 Slit (tip opening)
65 First ion current detection member 66 Second ion current detection member 67 Secondary air 69 Controller 89 Flame hole group

Claims (5)

  1. In a combustion apparatus in which an oxygen-deficient mixture formed by mixing primary air and fuel gas undergoes primary combustion, and further receives secondary air supply to perform secondary combustion.
    A first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and a second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of a secondary air supply port for supplying the secondary air, and the detection values of both ion current detection members are obtained. A combustion apparatus characterized by controlling at least one of air to be supplied and fuel gas.
  2. In a combustion apparatus in which an oxygen-deficient mixture formed by mixing primary air and fuel gas undergoes primary combustion, and further receives secondary air supply to perform secondary combustion.
    A first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and a second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of a secondary air supply port for supplying the secondary air, and the detection values of both ion current detection members are obtained. A combustion apparatus characterized by controlling at least one of a ratio between a primary air amount and a secondary air amount, a total amount of primary air amount and a secondary air amount, and a fuel gas amount.
  3. A premixing member, an air flow path member, and a flame hole member;
    The premixing member introduces fuel gas together with primary air to generate an oxygen-deficient mixture, and the air flow path member has a wall shape and has a secondary air supply port for supplying secondary air to the tip side. The flame hole member is disposed between two air flow path members or between the air flow path member and another wall surface, and a combustion part is formed by a space surrounded by the flame hole member and the air flow path member. Formed,
    In the combustion apparatus in which the air-fuel mixture is discharged from the flame hole member to the combustion portion, primary combustion is performed, and further, secondary air is supplied from the secondary air supply port of the air flow path member to perform secondary combustion.
    A first ion current detection member is provided in the flame of the primary combustion, and a second ion current detection member is provided in the vicinity of the secondary air supply port. Based on the detection value of both ion current detection members, the amount of primary air And a ratio of the secondary air amount, a total amount of the primary air amount and the secondary air amount, and at least one of the fuel gas amounts.
  4.   The combustion apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a tip portion of the first ion current detection member is curved or bent.
  5.   The combustion apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a tip portion of the second ion current detection member is curved or bent.
JP2006124293A 2006-04-27 2006-04-27 Combustion device Pending JP2007298190A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006124293A JP2007298190A (en) 2006-04-27 2006-04-27 Combustion device

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006124293A JP2007298190A (en) 2006-04-27 2006-04-27 Combustion device
US11/783,461 US20070251467A1 (en) 2006-04-27 2007-04-10 Combustion apparatus
DE200710019086 DE102007019086A1 (en) 2006-04-27 2007-04-23 burner device
CNA2007100976339A CN101063522A (en) 2006-04-27 2007-04-24 Combustion apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2007298190A true JP2007298190A (en) 2007-11-15

Family

ID=38608234

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2006124293A Pending JP2007298190A (en) 2006-04-27 2006-04-27 Combustion device

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20070251467A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2007298190A (en)
CN (1) CN101063522A (en)
DE (1) DE102007019086A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE112006003642T5 (en) * 2006-01-30 2008-12-11 Noritz Corporation, Kobe burner device
US20110223549A1 (en) * 2010-05-31 2011-09-15 Resource Rex, LLC Laminar Flow Combustion System and Method for Enhancing Combustion Efficiency
US20120216797A1 (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-08-30 Lennox Hearth Products LLC. Baffle for a fireplace
CN103615798A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-05 广东万和新电气股份有限公司 Fully premixed combustion gas heating water heater
JP6632226B2 (en) * 2015-06-12 2020-01-22 三菱日立パワーシステムズ株式会社 Burner, combustion device, boiler and burner control method
CN108571825A (en) * 2017-03-08 2018-09-25 青岛经济技术开发区海尔热水器有限公司 A kind of control method, control device and gas heater that filter device blocks
US10344968B2 (en) * 2017-05-05 2019-07-09 Grand Mate Co., Ltd. Gas mixer

Family Cites Families (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU541670B2 (en) * 1980-05-29 1985-01-17 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Burner
US4588372A (en) * 1982-09-23 1986-05-13 Honeywell Inc. Flame ionization control of a partially premixed gas burner with regulated secondary air
US4956311A (en) * 1989-06-27 1990-09-11 National Semiconductor Corporation Double-diffused drain CMOS process using a counterdoping technique
KR950000141B1 (en) * 1990-04-03 1995-01-10 시기 모리야 Semiconductor device & manufacturing method thereof
US5516711A (en) * 1994-12-16 1996-05-14 Mosel Vitelic, Inc. Method for forming LDD CMOS with oblique implantation
US5759901A (en) * 1995-04-06 1998-06-02 Vlsi Technology, Inc. Fabrication method for sub-half micron CMOS transistor
US5960319A (en) * 1995-10-04 1999-09-28 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Fabrication method for a semiconductor device
US6004854A (en) * 1995-07-17 1999-12-21 Micron Technology, Inc. Method of forming CMOS integrated circuitry
AU710622B2 (en) * 1995-11-13 1999-09-23 Gas Research Institute, Inc. Flame ionization control apparatus and method
US6045353A (en) * 1996-05-29 2000-04-04 American Air Liquide, Inc. Method and apparatus for optical flame control of combustion burners
US6346439B1 (en) * 1996-07-09 2002-02-12 Micron Technology, Inc. Semiconductor transistor devices and methods for forming semiconductor transistor devices
TW317653B (en) * 1996-12-27 1997-10-11 United Microelectronics Corp Manufacturing method of memory cell of flash memory
US5933741A (en) * 1997-08-18 1999-08-03 Vanguard International Semiconductor Corporation Method of making titanium silicide source/drains and tungsten silicide gate electrodes for field effect transistors
US6300206B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-10-09 Hitachi, Ltd. Method for manufacturing semiconductor device
US6342422B1 (en) * 1999-04-30 2002-01-29 Tsmc-Acer Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Method for forming MOSFET with an elevated source/drain
US5956584A (en) * 1998-03-30 1999-09-21 Texas Instruments - Acer Incorporated Method of making self-aligned silicide CMOS transistors
KR100265227B1 (en) * 1998-06-05 2000-09-15 김영환 Method for fabricating cmos transistor
US6074915A (en) * 1998-08-17 2000-06-13 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Method of making embedded flash memory with salicide and sac structure
JP3164076B2 (en) * 1998-08-28 2001-05-08 日本電気株式会社 Method for manufacturing semiconductor device
US6124177A (en) * 1999-08-13 2000-09-26 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Method for making deep sub-micron mosfet structures having improved electrical characteristics
JP2001332630A (en) * 2000-05-19 2001-11-30 Sharp Corp Method of manufacturing semiconductor device
DE10029659A1 (en) * 2000-06-16 2002-01-03 Infineon Technologies Ag Method of manufacturing a field effect transistor
US6432781B2 (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-08-13 Texas Instruments Incorporated Inverted MOSFET process
DE10113468A1 (en) * 2000-09-05 2002-03-14 Siemens Building Tech Ag Burner control unit employs sensor for comparative measurement during control interval and produces alarm signal as function of difference
US6518136B2 (en) * 2000-12-14 2003-02-11 International Business Machines Corporation Sacrificial polysilicon sidewall process and rapid thermal spike annealing for advance CMOS fabrication
US6482660B2 (en) * 2001-03-19 2002-11-19 International Business Machines Corporation Effective channel length control using ion implant feed forward

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101063522A (en) 2007-10-31
DE102007019086A1 (en) 2007-11-22
US20070251467A1 (en) 2007-11-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP1985926B1 (en) Combustion equipment and combustion method
US6746236B2 (en) Combustion apparatus
JP5188238B2 (en) Combustion apparatus and burner combustion method
KR101327570B1 (en) Solid fuel burner and solid fuel boiler
DE69816326T2 (en) Catalytic combustion heater
JP2004205161A (en) Solid fuel boiler and boiler combustion method
US10281173B2 (en) Burner, combustion apparatus, method for combustion, method for controlling combustion, recording medium, and water heater
JP2004125378A (en) Method and device for low nox combustion
US5919035A (en) Cross flow type burner apparatus
JP4751754B2 (en) Flat burner and combustion apparatus using the same
US20160061491A1 (en) Low nox burner for a water heater
US20110297059A1 (en) Combustion apparatus
JP6356438B2 (en) Burner, combustion apparatus and combustion method
KR960012390B1 (en) Low-nox gas burner
US9599335B2 (en) Solid-fuel burner
US20030129555A1 (en) Burner for hydrogen generation system and hydrogen generation system having the same
US9664381B2 (en) Staged oxy-fuel burners and methods for using the same
CN101611263B (en) Burner for gas boiler
JP2008008569A (en) Burner for gas combustion, gas oven provided therewith, and method for reducing production amount of carbon monoxide in burner for gas combustion
JP4340873B2 (en) Combustion device
WO2012123805A1 (en) Improved gas burner for premixed combustion
JP2010261615A (en) Burner
EP1992036A1 (en) Combustion state determining apparatus with catalytic combustion unit and fuel cell
DE10332338A1 (en) Heating arrangement for a dryer
KR100883796B1 (en) Bunsen burner using lean rich combustion type