JP2007199884A - Building internal situation checking system - Google Patents

Building internal situation checking system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007199884A
JP2007199884A JP2006015821A JP2006015821A JP2007199884A JP 2007199884 A JP2007199884 A JP 2007199884A JP 2006015821 A JP2006015821 A JP 2006015821A JP 2006015821 A JP2006015821 A JP 2006015821A JP 2007199884 A JP2007199884 A JP 2007199884A
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building
situation
confirmation
human
control signal
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JP2006015821A
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JP5111765B2 (en
Inventor
Shigeo Goshima
Masaki Kobayashi
Minoru Maehara
Tamami Ono
成夫 五島
稔 前原
正喜 小林
たまみ 小野
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Matsushita Electric Works Ltd
松下電工株式会社
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Publication of JP5111765B2 publication Critical patent/JP5111765B2/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a building internal situation checking system reduced in cost, which can be set up in an existing house, and enables checking an internal situation of the building from the outside at the time of an emergency. <P>SOLUTION: The building internal situation checking system 1 comprises: lighting apparatus 2; a remote controller 3 and fixed operating instrument 4 for operating the lighting apparatus 2; human-sensitive sensors 24, 36, and 46 which sense existence of a survivor or a fire and transmit control signals to control the lighting apparatus 2 in response to the sensed results; a human sensor 5; a smoke sensor 6, and a fire alarm 7; and an external controller 8 communicatable with instruments in a building from the outside of the building and receiving the control signals. The external controller 8 checks an internal situation of the building from the outside of the building by comparing preregistered situation information in the building and information based on the control signals in an emergency mode. Lighting apparatus with a human-sensitive sensor is widely used in general homes. The building internal situation checking system 1 can be set in an existing house by converting the human-sensitive sensor, and its costs can be reduced. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an in-building status confirmation system for confirming the status of a building such as the presence of a survivor and the location of a fire when a fire or disaster occurs.

2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there is known a disaster prevention system that performs fire extinguishing activity, guided evacuation, and rescue activity while confirming the presence or absence of a survivor in a building and a fire area when a fire occurs (see, for example, Patent Document 1). This disaster prevention system has a fire detection device, a fire extinguishing robot device, an evacuation guidance device, a remaining person detection device, and a rescue conveyance device, and can be used in a high-rise building. When a fire occurs, the fire detection device identifies the fire area, and the fire extinguishing robot device, the evacuation guidance device, and the remaining person detection device operate simultaneously. The fire extinguishing robot device moves to a fire occurrence area when a fire is identified by the fire detection device. The survivor detection device checks if there are people remaining in the fire area. The evacuation guidance device guides you to evacuate from the fire area. When it is determined by the remaining person detection device that there is a person in the fire area, the rescue transport apparatus is sent to the fire area and performs a rescue operation. When the fire area becomes unattended, the fire-fighting robot device performs fire-fighting activities.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 06-15014

  However, in the technique described in Patent Document 1, the evacuation guidance device and the fire-extinguishing robot device must be large-scaled, and there is a problem that the cost increases when the system is applied to residential use. In addition, when the system is introduced into an existing house by post-construction, it is necessary to construct a network by adding various sensing devices, which makes construction difficult.

  The present invention has been made in order to solve the above-described problems of the conventional example, and can reduce the cost and can be constructed in an existing house, and can confirm the situation inside the building from the outside in an emergency. The purpose is to provide an internal status confirmation system.

  In order to achieve the above object, the invention of claim 1 includes a controlled device provided in a building, an operation means for transmitting an operation signal for operating the controlled device in response to a user operation, a building In a building situation confirmation system, comprising: a situation confirmation means for confirming the situation inside and sending a control signal for controlling the controlled equipment according to the situation, the equipment inside the building outside the building And an external confirmation means capable of receiving a control signal transmitted from the situation confirmation means, wherein the external confirmation means includes a normal mode for registering normal situation information in the building, and An emergency mode for confirming the situation in the building in an emergency, and in the emergency mode, the situation information in the building registered in advance in the normal mode and the information of the control signal are collated. State of It confirms the.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the in-building situation confirmation system according to the first aspect, the situation confirmation means is connected to the external confirmation means by wire.

  According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the building situation confirmation system according to the first or second aspect, a plurality of the situation confirmation means are provided in the building.

  According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the in-building situation confirmation system according to the third aspect, the plurality of situation confirmation means transmits the control signal to the external confirmation means in the order registered in advance.

  According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the in-building situation confirmation system according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, the controlled device or the operation means includes a communication unit that operates with a power source independent from the system, The communication unit transmits and receives signals to and from the external confirmation unit.

  A sixth aspect of the present invention is the in-building situation confirmation system according to any one of the first to fifth aspects, wherein the controlled device is a lighting fixture having the situation confirmation means.

  According to the invention of claim 1, the external confirmation means can collate the information of the control signal from the situation confirmation means with the situation information in the building registered in advance. In an emergency, the situation inside the building can be confirmed from outside the building, and the damage inside the building can be grasped.

  According to the invention of claim 2, when a power failure occurs in the building, the status confirmation means can transmit a control signal by electric power, so the external confirmation means can check the situation inside the building from outside the building based on the control signal. Can be confirmed.

  According to the invention of claim 3, since a plurality of situation confirmation means are provided in the building, the situation can be confirmed in a wide range in the building.

  According to the invention of claim 4, since priority can be set for the situation confirmation in the building and the situation can be confirmed in order from the situation confirmation means with the higher priority, the situation confirmation is effective and accordingly Rapid response is possible.

  According to the invention of claim 5, when a power failure occurs in the building, the survivor can inform the outside of his / her existence using the communication unit.

  According to the invention of claim 6, since it is possible to divert the lighting equipment status confirmation means required in the building including the house, the system can be constructed in the existing house, and the situation confirmation means There is no need to install it separately, and the cost can be reduced.

  A building situation confirmation system according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2.

  First, the configuration of the in-building situation confirmation system will be described with reference to FIG. An in-building situation confirmation system (hereinafter abbreviated as a situation confirmation system) 1 includes a lighting fixture (controlled device) 2 provided in the building and an operation signal for operating the lighting fixture 2 in accordance with a user operation. The remote controller 3 and the fixed operation device (operation means) 4 to be transmitted, the situation inside the building is confirmed, and the human detector 5 which transmits a control signal for controlling the lighting fixture 2 according to the situation, smoke The control signal transmitted from the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 is communicable with the sensor 6 and the fire alarm (situation confirmation means) 7 and the equipment in the building outside the building. It has an external controller (external confirmation means) 8 capable of receiving.

  The lighting fixture 2 includes a lighting fixture fixed to a ceiling or a wall and a lighting stand, and is operated by various operation buttons (not shown) provided on the remote controller 3, the fixed operating device 4 or the fixture. In addition, the lighting fixture 2 includes a communication unit 22 that operates on a battery 21 that is a power source independent of the status confirmation system 1. The communication unit 22 includes a wireless communication circuit or a wired communication circuit, and operates with an AC power source during normal operation and with a battery 21 during a power failure. Further, the communication unit 22 transmits a signal to the external controller 8 via the power line 9 or wirelessly. In the event of an emergency such as the occurrence of a fire or disaster, a signal is transmitted from the communication unit 22 when the user presses one of buttons or switches (not shown) provided on the instrument. In the case of wireless, the signal is transmitted by, for example, infrared rays or weak radio waves. The external controller 8 receives this signal and confirms the existence of the survivor. Due to such a configuration, it is possible for the survivor to operate the communication unit 22 to notify the outside of his / her own existence in the event of an emergency and a power failure in the building. Disasters include earthquakes and floods.

  Furthermore, the lighting fixture 2 has a human sensor (situation confirmation means) 24 that operates on the battery 23. The human sensor 24 senses a survivor in the surroundings, and transmits a control signal for controlling the lighting fixture 2 in accordance with the presence or absence of the survivor in the surroundings. This control signal is transmitted to the outside of the instrument by the communication unit 22. When the external controller 8 receives this control signal in an emergency, the external controller 8 can confirm the existence of a survivor from outside the building based on the signal. Thus, since the lighting fixture 2 has the human sensor 24 which operates with the battery 23, it is possible to operate the human sensor 24 in the event of an emergency and a power failure occurs in the building. Can be done. In addition, according to the control signal from the human sensor 24, the lighting fixture 2 may be lighted at the time of a power failure. The communication unit 22 and the human sensor 24 may be driven by the same battery.

  As described above, the situation confirmation system 1 includes a lighting device having a human sensor. Recently, lighting devices having a human sensor are widely used to turn on the lighting when a person is sensed. A luminaire can be used. For this reason, the presence or absence of a survivor can be confirmed by diverting a human sensor of a lighting fixture required in a building including a house. As a result, the status confirmation system 1 can be built in an existing house, and a human detector does not need to be separately installed, and the cost can be reduced.

  The remote controller 3 includes a power key 31 for controlling lighting of the lighting fixture 2 and illuminance adjustment keys 32 and 33 for adjusting the illuminance of the lighting fixture 2. The illuminance adjustment key 32 is a key for decreasing the illuminance, and the illuminance adjustment key 33 is a key for increasing the illuminance. In addition, the remote controller 3 includes a communication unit 35 that operates with a battery 34 that is a power source independent of the status confirmation system 1. The communication unit includes a wireless communication circuit.

  The communication unit 35 of the remote controller 3 transmits an operation signal for operating the lighting fixture 2 to the communication unit 22 of the lighting fixture 2 based on various key operations by the user. The operation signal is transmitted by, for example, infrared rays or weak radio waves. The communication unit 35 can transmit and receive signals to and from the external controller 8 wirelessly. When the user presses any key on the remote controller 3, the operation signal is transmitted from the communication unit 35. In an emergency, the external controller 8 receives this operation signal and confirms the existence of a survivor based on the signal. The external controller 8 that has received this operation signal transmits a signal for instructing lighting of the lighting fixture 2, and the communication unit 35 that has received this signal outputs an operation signal for lighting the lighting fixture 2. Send to. By turning on the lighting device 2, the survivor can evacuate safely in an emergency. As described above, the remote control 3 has the communication unit 35 that operates on the battery 34. Therefore, when an emergency occurs and a power failure occurs in the building, the survivor operates the keys of the remote control 3 to make his / her presence outside. It is possible to notify.

  Further, the remote controller 3 has a human sensor 36 that operates on the battery 34. The human sensor 36 senses a survivor in the vicinity and confirms the presence or absence of the survivor. A control signal for controlling the lighting fixture 2 is transmitted according to the confirmation result. This control signal is transmitted via the communication unit 35. When the external controller 8 receives this control signal in an emergency, the external controller 8 can confirm the existence of a survivor from outside the building based on the signal. Thus, since the remote control 3 has the human sensor 36 that operates on the battery 34, the human sensor 36 can be operated in the event of an emergency and a power failure occurs in the building, and a survivor is confirmed. be able to. Further, since the remote control 3 is often arranged near the user, the survivor can be effectively confirmed in an emergency by providing the remote control 3 with the human sensor 36. In addition, the said control signal is an operation signal for instruct | indicating lighting to the lighting fixture 2, and illuminating the periphery of a survivor, for example.

  The fixed controller 4 is fixed to the wall or the lighting fixture 2, and includes a power button 41 for controlling lighting of the lighting fixture 2 and illuminance adjustment buttons 42 and 43 for adjusting the illuminance of the lighting fixture 2. With. The illuminance adjustment button 42 is a button for decreasing the illuminance, and the illuminance adjustment button 43 is a button for increasing the illuminance. Further, the fixed controller 4 includes a communication unit 45 that operates with a battery 44 that is a power source independent of the status confirmation system 1. The communication unit 45 is composed of a wired communication circuit and operates with an AC power supply during normal operation and with a battery 44 during a power failure. In addition, what a user operates in order to operate the lighting fixture 2 may be a switch instead of a button. Further, even when the lighting fixture 2 is turned off by the power button 41, power is supplied to the lighting fixture 2 so that the external controller 8 and the communication unit 22 of the lighting fixture 2 can communicate with each other. It may be.

  The communication unit 45 of the fixed controller 4 outputs an operation signal for operating the lighting fixture 2 to the communication unit 22 of the lighting fixture 2 via the power line 9, that is, in a wired manner, based on various button operations by the user. To do. The communication unit 45 can transmit and receive signals to and from the external controller 8 through the power line 9. When the user presses any button of the fixed controller 4, the operation signal is transmitted from the communication unit 45. In an emergency, the external controller 8 receives this operation signal and confirms the existence of a survivor. After receiving the operation signal, the external controller 8 transmits a signal for instructing lighting of the lighting fixture 2, and the communication unit 45 that has received this signal transmits an operation signal for lighting the lighting fixture 2 to the lighting fixture 2. . By turning on the lighting device 2, the survivor can evacuate safely in an emergency. As described above, the fixed operation device 4 includes the communication unit 45 that operates on the battery 44. Therefore, when a power failure occurs in the building in an emergency, the survivor operates the buttons of the fixed operation device 4, It is possible to inform the outside of its own existence.

  Further, the fixed controller 4 includes a human sensor 46 that operates on the battery 44. The human sensor 46 is operated by an AC power source during normal operation and by a battery 44 during a power failure. The human sensor 46 senses a survivor in the vicinity and confirms the presence or absence of the survivor. A control signal for controlling the lighting fixture 2 is transmitted according to the confirmation result. This control signal is transmitted via the communication unit 45. When the external controller 8 receives this operation signal in an emergency, the external controller 8 can confirm the existence of a survivor from outside the building based on the signal. As described above, since the fixed controller 4 includes the human sensor 46 that is operated by the battery 44, the human sensor 46 can be operated in the event of an emergency and a power failure occurs in the building. Confirmation can be made. In addition, the said control signal is an operation signal for instruct | indicating lighting to the lighting fixture 2, and illuminating the periphery of a survivor, for example.

  The human detector 5 has a human sensor for confirming the existence of a survivor. The human sensor is an infrared sensor, for example. The smoke detector 6 has a smoke sensor for detecting smoke. The fire alarm 7 detects a fire and informs the surroundings of the occurrence of the fire by issuing an alarm sound.

  The human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 confirm the presence or absence of a survivor and the presence or absence of a fire and transmit a control signal for controlling lighting of the lighting fixture 2 according to the confirmation result. To do. When the external controller 8 receives this control signal, it can confirm from the outside of the building whether or not there is a survivor in the building and whether or not a fire has occurred based on this control signal. A plurality of these are provided in a wide range within the building. For this reason, the situation can be confirmed in a wide range in the building. In addition, the said control signal is an operation signal for instruct | indicating lighting to the lighting fixture 2, and illuminating the periphery of a survivor, for example.

  The human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 are provided with batteries 51, 61 and 71, respectively. When there is an emergency and the building has a power failure, the batteries 51, 61, 71 supply power to the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7. For this reason, the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6, and the fire alarm 7 can be operated in the event of an emergency and a power failure occurs.

  Further, the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 are connected to the external controller 8 through the power line 9. For this reason, the external controller 8 can supply electric power to the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 via the power line 9. Accordingly, when a power failure occurs in the building and power supply from the batteries 51, 61, 71 is stopped, the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6, and the fire alarm 7 transmit a control signal using power from the external controller 8. The external controller 8 can confirm the situation inside the building from outside the building based on this control signal.

  The external controller 8 is composed of a remote controller that can communicate with the equipment inside the building outside the building, a mobile phone, or a personal computer provided outside the building, the human sensor 36 of the remote controller 3, the human sensor 46 of the fixed controller 4, Control signals transmitted from the human sensor 24, the human detector 5, the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 of the lighting fixture 2 can be received via the power line 9 or wirelessly. The control signals from the human sensor 36 of the remote controller 3, the human sensor 46 of the fixed controller 4, and the human sensor 24 of the luminaire 2 are the communication unit 35 of the remote controller 3 and the communication unit of the fixed controller 4, respectively. 45, transmitted via the communication unit 22 of the lighting fixture 2. With such a configuration, it is possible to confirm the presence or absence of a survivor and the presence or absence of a fire, identify the place where the survivor is and the place where the fire occurred, and grasp the damage in the building. The personal computer is provided in, for example, a building management company or a building security management company.

  The mode of the external controller 8 includes a normal mode for registering normal situation information in the building and an emergency mode for checking the situation in the building in the event of an emergency such as a fire or disaster. Mode conversion from normal mode to emergency mode is possible when disaster information is received by emergency broadcasting from TV, radio or local government, when an earthquake is detected, when the power supply voltage changes due to a power failure in the building, When the power source is switched from an AC power source to an emergency power source such as a generator, when a fall detector attached to the back or side of the furniture in the building detects a fall of the furniture, etc., a gas leak alarm near the building It is automatically or manually performed when a control signal is received from the smoke detector 6 and the fire alarm 7 when a voice alarm, a fire truck siren or a local disaster alarm is detected.

  In order to confirm the situation in the building in the emergency mode, the external controller 8 stores the situation information in the building registered in advance in the normal mode in a memory (not shown). The registration method of the status information in the normal mode is as follows. First, in the normal mode, the external controller 8 sends the human sensor 36 of the remote controller 3, the human sensor 46 of the fixed controller 4, the human sensor 24 of the lighting fixture 2, and the human sensor 5 to the situation in the building. An instruction signal for instructing confirmation, that is, confirmation of whether or not there is a person around is output. Based on the instruction signal, the human sensors 36, 46 and 24 and the human detector 5 confirm the surrounding situation and output a control signal based on the confirmation result. The human sensors 36, 46, and 24 transmit and receive signals via the communication units 35, 45, and 22, respectively. The external controller 8 can confirm the normal situation by receiving this control signal. Therefore, these sensors or human detectors 5 are provided in each room in the building, the inside of the building is confirmed at regular intervals, and the status information obtained by the confirmation is registered, that is, created in a database, so that a normal situation is obtained for each room. Information can be grasped. This situation information includes, for example, information that there are people in the child's room at night and information that all residents are in a room with a kitchen in the morning.

  Next, referring to FIG. 2, a procedure for confirming the existence of a survivor by the external controller 8 will be described. In the emergency mode, the external controller 8 instructs the human sensor 36 of the remote controller 3, the human sensor 46 of the fixed controller 4, the human sensor 24 of the lighting fixture 2, and the human detector 5 to confirm the situation inside the building. An instruction signal to be transmitted is transmitted (S101). The human sensor 36 of the remote controller 3, the human sensor 46 of the fixed controller 4, and the human sensor 24 of the lighting fixture 2 are the communication unit 35 of the remote controller 3, the communication unit 45 of the fixed controller 4, and the lighting fixture, respectively. The instruction signal is received via the two communication units 22. The instruction signal includes information for instructing to return the confirmation result of the situation in the order registered in advance. For example, the external controller 8 reads the normal situation information corresponding to the date, time, or day of the week when the fire or disaster occurred from the situation information stored in the database in advance, and sets the priority according to the data such as the date, For example, an instruction is given to return the result of the situation check from a place where there is a high possibility that there is a person. Moreover, you may instruct | indicate so that the result of a situation check may be returned from a location with high danger at the time of emergency.

  The human sensors 24, 36, and 46 and the human detector 5 that have received the instruction signal confirm the surrounding situation and confirm the existence of a survivor (S102). Based on the confirmation result, the human sensors 24, 36, 46 and the human detector 5 transmit a control signal for controlling the lighting apparatus 2 via the power line 9 or wirelessly. The human sensors 24, 36, and 46 transmit control signals via the communication unit 22 of the lighting fixture 2, the communication unit 35 of the remote controller 3, and the communication unit 45 of the fixed controller 4, respectively. When transmitting the control signal, the control signals are transmitted in the order registered in advance (S103). For this reason, by setting priorities for situation confirmation as described above, and confirming the situation in order from the high-priority human sensor, etc., it is possible to perform effective situation confirmation and quick response accordingly. Become.

  After the control signal is transmitted, the external controller 8 receives the control signal (S104). The external controller 8 collates the information of this control signal with the situation information in the building registered in advance (S105). As a result of the collation, if there is a difference between them (Yes in S106), the monitor of the external controller 8 displays that fact (S107), and the confirmation operation ends. If there is no difference between them (No in S106), the monitor of the external controller 8 displays that fact (S108), and the confirmation operation is completed.

  Thus, since the external controller 8 collates the information of the control signal with the pre-registered status information in the building, the presence or absence of a survivor, the presence or absence of a fire, the place where the survivor is located, In addition, it is possible to obtain status information such as that there are no survivors in a place where a normal person is present and that there are survivors in a place where there is no normal person. In this way, the situation inside the building can be confirmed in an emergency, and this situation information can be used for rescue or digestion activities.

  The present invention is not limited to the configuration of the embodiment as described above, and various modifications can be made according to the purpose of use. For example, the external controller 8 not only receives the control signal for controlling the lighting fixture 2 and confirms the situation in the building, but also is transmitted from the remote controller 3 or the fixed controller 4 to the external controller 8. You may confirm the condition in a building based on the signal for alerting | reporting the condition inside.

The block diagram which shows the structure of the in-building situation confirmation system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. The flowchart which shows the procedure which confirms the condition in a building in emergency in the said condition confirmation system in a building.

Explanation of symbols

1 Building status confirmation system 2 Lighting equipment (controlled equipment)
3 Remote control (operation means)
4 Fixed actuator (operating means)
5 person detector (status confirmation means)
6 Smoke detector (status check means)
7 Fire alarm (status check means)
8 External controller (external confirmation means)
9 Power line 21, 34, 44 Battery (Power supply)
22, 35, 45 Communication unit 24, 36, 46 Human sensor (status confirmation means)

Claims (6)

  1. Controlled equipment in the building;
    An operation means for transmitting an operation signal for operating the controlled device in accordance with a user operation;
    In the building situation confirmation system comprising the situation confirmation means for confirming the situation in the building and transmitting a control signal for controlling the controlled device according to the situation,
    It further comprises external confirmation means capable of communicating with equipment in the building outside the building and capable of receiving a control signal transmitted from the situation confirmation means,
    The external confirmation means has a normal mode for registering normal situation information in a building and an emergency mode for confirming the situation in the building in an emergency. An in-building situation confirmation system for confirming an in-building situation by comparing the registered in-building situation information with the control signal information.
  2.   The in-building situation confirmation system according to claim 1, wherein the situation confirmation unit is connected to the external confirmation unit by wire.
  3.   The in-building situation confirmation system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a plurality of the situation confirmation means are provided in the building.
  4.   The in-building situation confirmation system according to claim 3, wherein the plurality of situation confirmation means transmits the control signal to the external confirmation means in accordance with a pre-registered order.
  5. The controlled device or the operation means has a communication unit that operates with a power source independent of the system,
    The in-building situation confirmation system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the communication unit transmits and receives a signal to and from the external confirmation unit.
  6.   The in-building situation confirmation system according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the controlled device includes a lighting fixture having the situation confirmation means.
JP2006015821A 2006-01-25 2006-01-25 Building status confirmation system Expired - Fee Related JP5111765B2 (en)

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JP5111765B2 JP5111765B2 (en) 2013-01-09

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WO2010084558A1 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-29 オプテックス株式会社 Intrusion detection device
JP2012118823A (en) * 2010-12-01 2012-06-21 Hochiki Corp Portable communication setting device for disaster prevention or crime prevention system
DE202012103265U1 (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-12-04 Zumtobel Lighting Gmbh Location system
JP2015181061A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-10-15 ホーチキ株式会社 Portable communication setting device for fire prevention or crime prevention system

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DE202012103265U1 (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-12-04 Zumtobel Lighting Gmbh Location system
JP2015181061A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-10-15 ホーチキ株式会社 Portable communication setting device for fire prevention or crime prevention system

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