JP2006236806A - Secondary battery, secondary battery pack, and electronic apparatus using the same - Google Patents

Secondary battery, secondary battery pack, and electronic apparatus using the same Download PDF

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JP2006236806A
JP2006236806A JP2005050429A JP2005050429A JP2006236806A JP 2006236806 A JP2006236806 A JP 2006236806A JP 2005050429 A JP2005050429 A JP 2005050429A JP 2005050429 A JP2005050429 A JP 2005050429A JP 2006236806 A JP2006236806 A JP 2006236806A
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secondary battery
ic tag
battery pack
id number
electronic device
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Masanori Sumihara
Masahiro Takada
正則 住原
雅弘 高田
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Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Priority to JP2005050429A priority Critical patent/JP2006236806A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/12Battery technologies with an indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a secondary battery, as well as a secondary battery pack and an electronic equipment using the same as a power source, capable of starting up an IC tag by receiving an outside signal and sending its individual information including an ID number stored in the IC tag to an electronic equipment using the secondary battery to identify it.
SOLUTION: The secondary battery 1 is provided with an IC tag 2 starting up by an outside signal given an ID number, and individual identification signals of the secondary battery 1 including at least the ID number are stored in the IC tag 2 without any power source part of its own starting up by the outside signal.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は、二次電池、二次電池パックおよびそれを電源として用いた電子機器に関する。 The present invention relates to an electronic device using a secondary battery, a secondary battery pack and it as power.

従来、二次電池単体の個別認識情報を認識することがなかったが、二次電池パックにおいては、認識する技術が広く知られている。 Conventionally, never to recognize individual recognition information of the secondary battery itself, in the secondary battery pack, recognizing technique is widely known. 二次電池パックの識別の目的は、正規に設計された充電器との組合せにより、大きくは、二次電池の識別、および電池品種の識別に二分される。 Identification purposes of the rechargeable battery pack, in combination with a charger designed for normal, large, identification of the secondary battery, and is bisected to identify the cell varieties. ここで二次電池の識別に関しては、使用する電子機器の二次電池収納部に合わせた形状・寸法により、一方、二次電池品種の識別に関しては、二次電池パックの充電端子の+側を固定位置とし、−側の位置を品種によって個別に対応する方法により行われていた。 Referring now to the identification of the secondary battery, the shape and size tailored to the secondary battery housing of an electronic device to be used, whereas, with regard to the identification of the secondary battery varieties, the + side of the charging terminal of the secondary battery pack a fixed position, - the varieties the position of the side has been performed by a method corresponding individually.

しかし、このような二次電池パックの充電端子に、正規に設計された充電器以外の充電器を直接接続した場合でも、充電可能でありながらも充電時における電池の安全性は保証されないという課題を有していた。 However, a problem that the charging terminal of the secondary battery pack, even when connected to the charger other than the charger designed for regular directly is not guaranteed safety of the battery during charge while a chargeable the had.

そこで、二次電池パックに識別回路を設けることで、二次電池パック側で充電器の識別を行い、専用充電器以外は充電回路を形成できない状態とし、専用充電器からの充電制御信号を二次電池パックが認識してはじめて、充電回路のスイッチが閉じ充電回路を形成する方法が開示されている。 Therefore, by providing an identification circuit to a secondary battery pack, perform identification charger rechargeable battery pack side, except special charger to a state that can not form a charging circuit, the charging control signal from the special charger two first recognizes the following battery pack, a method of forming a charging circuit closes the switch of the charging circuit is disclosed. (例えば、特許文献1参照) (E.g., see Patent Document 1)
さらに、電源部、受信部および送信部を内蔵した真贋判定回路を備えた二次電池パックであり、二次電池パックが電子機器に装着されて起動電波を受信すると、真贋判定回路の電源部が受信部と送信部に電力を供給し、送信部が真贋判定電波を送信することにより、二次電池パックの真贋判定を行う方法が開示されている。 Further, the power supply unit, receiving unit and a secondary battery pack including authentication judgment circuit having a built-in transmission unit, when the rechargeable battery pack receives an activation waves is mounted on electronic equipment, the power supply unit of the authenticity determination circuit supplying power to the transmitter and the receiver, by the transmission unit transmits the authenticity determination wave, a method of determining the authenticity of the secondary battery pack is disclosed. (例えば、特許文献2参照) (E.g., see Patent Document 2)
特開平05−135804号公報 JP 05-135804 discloses 特開2003−168406号公報 JP 2003-168406 JP

しかしながら、上述した特許文献1の従来技術は、二次電池パックの充電端子に正規に設計された充電器以外の充電器を直接接続した際、あるいは二次電池パックを装着した電子機器の充電端子に正規に設計された充電器以外の充電器を直接接続した際は、充電器側の充電端子の配置が同一の場合には専用充電器以外でも充電可能であり、充電時における電池の安全性は保証されないという課題を有していた。 However, the prior art of Patent Document 1 described above, the charging terminal of the electronic apparatus regular time connecting a charger other than the charger designed directly to the charging terminals, or fitted with a rechargeable battery pack of the rechargeable battery pack normal when connecting the charger directly other than the charger designed for the, if the arrangement of the charging terminals of the charger-side is the same and can be charged other than special charger, battery safety during charging It has been a problem that is not guaranteed. また、このような課題は、二次電池の識別が二次電池パック本体ではなく、充電器側で識別を行うことが主流となっていることにも起因している。 Further, such a problem is not a rechargeable battery pack body identification of the secondary battery, is also due to be made identified by the charger side has become the mainstream.

また、信号端子を介して電気信号をやり取りすることで正規な二次電池パックであるか否かの判別を行っているが、信号端子が接触不良などを起こした際には、正規な二次電池パックであっても使用できないといった不具合が生じる。 Also, is performed is determined whether or not a normal secondary battery pack by exchanging electrical signals via the signal terminal, when the signal terminals has caused such poor contact, normal secondary inconvenience can not be used even in the battery pack may occur. さらに、正規な二次電池パックであるか否かの判別を行っている信号のやり取りを磁気的に行った場合、二次電池パック周囲に存在した強磁性体により誤作動を生じたり、信号のやり取りを光学的に実施した場合には送受信部への埃等付着による誤作動を発生する恐れがある。 Furthermore, in the case of performing the exchange of signals is performed determination of whether or not a normal secondary battery pack magnetically, or cause malfunction of a ferromagnetic material which is present around a secondary battery pack, signal when carrying out the exchange optically there is a possibility of generating a malfunction due to dust or the like adhering to the transceiver.

また、特許文献2に開示された方法においては、真贋判定回路に送信部、受信部以外に電源部を内蔵させる必要があり、この真贋判定回路自体が高価なものとなると同時に、真贋判定回路の電源部に電力不足あるいは不具合が発生した際には、正規な二次電池パックであっても使用できないといった不具合が生じる。 Further, in the method disclosed in Patent Document 2, the transmission unit to the authenticity determination circuit, it is necessary to incorporate a power supply unit other than the receiving unit, and at the same time the authentication judgment circuit itself is expensive, the authenticity determination circuit when power shortage or malfunction occurs in the power supply unit, inconvenience can not be used even in regular secondary battery pack occurs.

本発明は、上記従来の課題を鑑みてなされたもので、外部信号を受信してICタグを起動させ、ICタグ内に記録されたIDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別情報を二次電池を用いた電子機器に送信して識別させることのできる二次電池を提供することを目的とする。 The present invention has been made in consideration of the conventional problems described above, to activate the IC tag receives the external signal, the secondary battery individual information of the secondary battery including the ID number recorded in the IC tag and to provide a secondary battery that can be identified and transmitted to the electronic equipment used.

上記のような目的を達成するために、IDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別認識情報を格納し、外部信号を受信して起動するICタグを二次電池に具備する構成にしている。 To achieve the above object, it stores the individual identification information of the secondary battery including the ID number, and the arrangement comprising a secondary battery to an IC tag to start receiving the external signal. そのため、ICタグ自ら電源部を持たずに起動でき、二次電池の個別認識情報を送信することができる。 Therefore, IC tag can start without having its own power supply unit can transmit the individual recognition information of the secondary battery.

本発明によれば、外部信号を受信して起動するICタグが二次電池に具備されており、ICタグ内に記憶されたIDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別認識情報を自ら電源部を持たずとも外部信号により起動するICタグにて送信ができるため、取り付け場所の範囲が広がり、コンパクト化が可能である。 According to the present invention are provided in the IC tag the secondary battery starts to receive an external signal, have its own power supply unit separate recognition information of the secondary battery including the ID number stored in the IC tag not because it is transmitted by an IC tag activated by external signals even, expanding the range of the mounting location, it is possible to compact.

本発明の実施形態においては、IDナンバーを付与した外部信号により起動するICタグを二次電池に具備し、ICタグにはIDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別認識情報を格納している。 In an embodiment of the present invention comprises an IC tag activated by an external signal imparted with ID number to the secondary battery, the IC tag stores individual identification information of the secondary battery including the ID number. 二次電池に外部信号により起動するICタグが具備されたことで、二次電池の個別認識情報を送受信させる動作を自ら電源部を持たずに行える上、構成のコンパクト化が可能である。 By IC tag activated by an external signal to the secondary battery is provided, on which can perform an operation to transmit and receive individual recognition information of the secondary battery without having its own power supply unit, it is possible to compact the structure.

ICタグ内に格納されているIDナンバーおよび二次電池の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が暗号化処理されたことで、二次電池を用いた電子機器に正確な情報が伝達される。 At least one information of individual recognition information ID number and a secondary battery is stored in the IC tag that has been processed encrypted, accurate information is transmitted to the electronic device using the secondary battery .

ICタグを取り外すとICタグは回路的に分断され、再使用できないことにより、二次電池を用いた電子機器に不正確な情報が伝達されるのを防ぐことができる。 IC tag Removing the IC tag is circuit disrupted by not be reused, it is possible to inaccurate information to the electronic device using the secondary battery is prevented from being transmitted.

二次電池パックに内蔵される二次電池に外部信号より起動するICタグを具備し、ICタグに少なくともIDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別認識情報を格納している。 Comprising an IC tag that starts from the external signal to the secondary battery built in the battery pack stores individual identification information of the secondary battery including at least an ID number to the IC tag. 外部信号よりICタグが起動することにより、二次電池パックに内蔵された二次電池の個別認識情報を取り出す動作を自ら電源部を持たずに行え、二次電池パックのコンパクト化が可能である。 By IC tag from the external signal is activated, performing the operation of taking out the individual recognition information of the secondary battery built in the battery pack without having its own power supply unit, it is possible to compact rechargeable battery pack .

二次電池パックに内蔵される二次電池のIDナンバーを含む二次電池の個別認識情報を格納しているICタグを具備し、外部信号よりICタグが起動することにより、二次電池パックに内蔵された二次電池の個別認識情報を取り出す動作を自ら電源部を持たずに行える。 Comprising an IC tag that stores individual identification information of the secondary battery including the ID number of the secondary battery built in the battery pack, by the IC tag from the external signal is activated, the secondary battery pack perform an operation to retrieve the individual recognition information of the built-in rechargeable battery without having its own power supply unit.

二次電池パックに内蔵される二次電池のIDナンバーおよび個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が暗号化処理されたことで、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に正確な情報が伝達される。 At least one information of the ID number and individual recognition information of the secondary battery built in the battery pack that has been processed encrypted, accurate information is transmitted to the electronic device using the battery pack that.

二次電池パックに内蔵されるICタグを取り外された際にICタグが回路的に分断されることにより、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に不正確な情報が伝達されるのを防ぐことができる。 By IC tag when detached the IC tag built in rechargeable battery pack is the circuit decoupled, to prevent the incorrect information is transmitted to the electronic device using the battery pack can.

二次電池を用いた電子機器に無線送受信部を設け、電子機器の無線送受信部から発信された信号にてICタグを起動させ、二次電池の個別認識情報を二次電池を用いた電子機器にて受信することにより、二次電池の個別認識情報を認識し、二次電池の適合した電源駆動を行なうことができる。 The wireless transceiver is provided to the electronic device using a secondary battery, it activates the IC tag by the signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver of an electronic device, an electronic device using the secondary battery individual recognition information of the rechargeable battery by receiving at recognizes individual recognition information of the secondary battery, it is possible to perform power driving adapted secondary battery. さらに、二次電池の個別認識情報を二次電池を用いた電子機器側に送受信させる動作をICタグ自ら電源部を持たずに送受信できる。 Furthermore, the individual recognition information of the secondary battery can receive an operation of transmitting and receiving the electronic device side without having an IC tag itself supply unit with rechargeable batteries.

二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に無線送受信部を設け、電子機器の無線送受信部から発信された信号にて二次電池に具備されたICタグを起動させ、二次電池の個別認識情報を二次電池パックを用いた電子機器にて受信することにより、二次電池の個別認識情報を認識し、二次電池の適合した電源駆動を行なうことができる。 The radio transceiver portion is provided on an electronic device using a rechargeable battery pack, activates the IC tag provided in the secondary battery in the signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver of an electronic device, the individual recognition information of the rechargeable battery by receiving at an electronic device including a rechargeable battery pack, recognizes individual recognition information of the secondary battery, it is possible to perform power driving adapted secondary battery. さらに、二次電池の個別認識情報を二次電池パックを用いた電子機器側に送受信させる動作をICタグ自ら電源部を持たずに送受信できる。 Furthermore, it can send and receive operation to receive the electronic apparatus side using a secondary battery pack individual recognition information of the secondary battery without having IC tag itself supply unit.

二次電池パックに二次電池とIDナンバーを付与したICタグを内蔵し、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に無線送受信部を設け、電子機器の無線送受信部から発信された信号にてICタグを起動させ二次電池の個別認識情報を認識し、二次電池の適合した電源駆動を行なうことができ、二次電池の個別認識情報をICタグ自ら電源部を持たずに送受信することができる。 A built-in IC tag imparted with rechargeable batteries and ID number to the secondary battery pack, a radio transceiver portion is provided on an electronic device using a rechargeable battery pack, IC at signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver of an electronic device recognizing the individual recognition information of the rechargeable battery to activate the tag, it is possible to perform power driving adapted for the secondary battery, to send and receive individual recognition information of the secondary battery without having IC tag itself power unit it can.

二次電池または、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に送信される二次電池の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が暗号化処理されていることで、二次電池または、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器に正確な情報が伝達される。 Rechargeable battery or by at least one information of the individual recognition information of the rechargeable battery to be transmitted to the electronic device using the battery pack is enciphered, the secondary battery or rechargeable battery accurate information is transmitted to the electronic device using the pack.

二次電池の個別認識情報が照合されない場合に、不適合の警告を表示させることにより、二次電池、二次電池パックおよびそれを用いた電子機器を使用している側に二次電池の個別認識情報の不適合を提示することができる。 If the individual recognition information of the secondary battery is not collated, by displaying a warning incompatibility, secondary batteries, the individual recognition of the secondary battery on the side using an electronic device using packs and it secondary battery it is possible to present the incompatibility of information.

以下、本発明に係る外部信号により起動するICタグを具備した二次電池、前記の二次電池を内蔵する二次電池パックおよび前記の二次電池、または前記の二次電池パックを装着した機器の実施の形態について、図面を参照しながら詳細に説明する。 Hereinafter, a secondary battery equipped with a IC tag activated by an external signal according to the present invention, said secondary battery incorporating a rechargeable battery pack and the secondary battery, or the secondary battery pack mounted equipment the embodiment will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

ここで、二次電池パックを装着した電子機器とは、例えば、携帯電話、PDA等の携帯情報端末、ハンドキャリータイプのパーソナルコンピュータ、通信型のゲーム機器、充電器等が含まれるが、これらに限定されるものではない。 Here, the electronic device equipped with the rechargeable battery pack, for example, a cellular phone, a portable information terminal such as a PDA, a hand carry type personal computer, a communication type game equipment, including but charger, etc., these the present invention is not limited.

図1は、本発明の二次電池および二次電池パックに具備された外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2の斜視図である。 Figure 1 is a perspective view of an IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start by external signal provided to the secondary battery and the secondary battery pack of the present invention. 図1で示されるように、外部信号により起動するICタグ2はデータを格納するためのメモリ部14と無線送受信器15により構成されている。 As shown in Figure 1, IC tag 2 that starts by an external signal is constituted by the memory unit 14 and a wireless transceiver 15 for storing data. また、張り付いたICタグ2を剥がす際、ICタグ2のメモリ部14と無線送受信部15の間に形成された溝部16が切断され、剥がすことでICタグ2の回路構成が分断され、破壊されてしまう構造になっている。 Also, upon the release of the IC tag 2 stuck, grooves 16 formed between the memory unit 14 and the radio transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2 is disconnected, that the circuit configuration of the IC tag 2 is divided by peeling, breaking has become is to become structure that is.

図2は、外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2を具備した二次電池である本発明の実施形態の円筒形二次電池1の斜視図である。 Figure 2 is a perspective view of a cylindrical secondary battery 1 of an embodiment of the present invention which is a secondary battery having an IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal. 円筒形二次電池1の外装缶側面に図4に示されるようなICタグ2が貼り付けられている。 An IC tag 2 shown in FIG. 4 is attached to the outer can side of the cylindrical secondary battery 1. また、その上を外装フィルムで覆われる場合もある。 In some cases, it covered over its in casing films. ICタグ2と円筒形二次電池1とは電気的に接続されておらず、ICタグ2を駆動させる電源は円筒形二次電池1を電源として使用していない。 Not electrically connected to the IC tag 2 and the cylindrical secondary battery 1, power for driving the IC tag 2 is not using the cylindrical secondary battery 1 as a power source. また、円筒形二次電池1に張り付いたICタグ2を剥がす際に、図1に示されるようにICタグ2のメモリ部14と無線送受信部15の間に形成された溝部16が切断され、剥がすことでICタグ2の回路構成が分断され、再使用できないように破壊されてしまう構造になっている。 Furthermore, when peeling off the IC tag 2 that sticks to the cylindrical secondary battery 1, the groove portion 16 formed between the memory unit 14 and the radio transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2, as shown in FIG. 1 is cut it circuitry of the IC tag 2 is divided by peeling off, it has a structure which would be destroyed so as not to be reused.

図3においては、外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2を具備した同実施の形態の角筒形二次電池12の斜視図である。 In FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the embodiment of the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 provided with the IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal. 角筒形二次電池12の端子が格納されている樹脂形成部にICタグ2が埋め込まれている。 IC tag 2 is embedded in the resin forming portion terminal of the square cylindrical secondary battery 12 is stored. また、角筒形二次電池12の外装缶側面に貼り付けられることもあり、その上を外装フィルムで覆われる場合もある。 Furthermore, the term is often affixed to the outer can side of the square tube form the secondary battery 12, it may be covered over its in casing films. ICタグ2と角筒形二次電池12とは電気的に接続されておらず、ICタグ2を駆動させる電源は角筒形二次電池12を電源として使用していない。 Not electrically connected to the IC tag 2 and the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12, the power for driving the IC tag 2 is not using the square tube form the secondary battery 12 as a power source. 角筒形二次電池12に強固に張り付いたICタグ2を剥がす際、ICタグ2のメモリ部14と無線送受信部15の間に形成された溝部16が切断され、剥がすことでICタグ2の回路構成が分断され、再使用できないように破壊されてしまう構造になっている。 Upon the release of the IC tag 2 that firmly sticks to the square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12, the groove 16 formed between the memory unit 14 and the radio transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2 is cut, IC by peeling tag 2 the circuit configuration of the is divided, has a structure which would be destroyed so as not to be reused.

さらに、図4の斜視図においては、外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2を具備した円筒形二次電池1が内蔵された本発明の二次電池パック3である。 Moreover, in the perspective view of FIG. 4, a secondary battery pack 3 of the present invention that the cylindrical secondary battery 1 provided with the IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start the external signal has been built. 複数個の円筒形二次電池1には各々の外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2が貼り付けられており、電極同士を電気的に接続した複数個の円筒形二次電池1が二次電池パック3の底蓋部31に収納され、電極は二次電池パック3の外部に通じる端子部33に電気的に接続される。 A plurality of the cylindrical secondary battery 1 has been stuck IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start the respective external signals, a plurality of cylindrical secondary battery electrically connecting the electrodes to each other 1 is housed in the bottom lid 31 of the battery pack 3, the electrodes are electrically connected to the terminal portion 33 leading to the outside of the rechargeable battery pack 3. 収納後、二次電池パック3の上蓋部32を被せ、超音波、接着剤等により底蓋部31と上蓋部32は接合され二次電池パック3を構成している。 After storage, covered with upper cover 32 of the battery pack 3, ultrasound, bottom cover portion 31 and the upper cover portion 32 by adhesive or the like constitute the joined rechargeable battery pack 3. なお、二次電池パック3においては、二次電池パック3を形成している底蓋部31、上蓋部32はABS樹脂、紙等の外部信号を通過させる材料が良く、円筒形二次電池1の代わりに角筒形二次電池12を使用しても構わない。 In the rechargeable battery pack 3, the secondary battery pack 3 bottom lid part 31 which form the upper lid portion 32 ABS resin may material to pass through the external signal such as paper, cylindrical secondary battery 1 it may be use square cylindrical secondary battery 12 instead of.

また、図5の斜視図のように、角筒形二次電池12および外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグ2を内蔵した本発明の二次電池パック35である。 Further, as the perspective view of FIG. 5, a rechargeable battery pack 35 of the present invention with a built-in IC tag 2 that does not have its own power supply unit to start the square tube form the secondary battery 12 and the external signal. この二次電池パック35においては、ICタグ2を各々の角筒形二次電池12に貼り付けず、二次電池パック35に対して1個のICタグ2が内蔵されている。 In the secondary battery pack 35 is not affixed to the IC tag 2 to each of the square tube form the secondary battery 12, the secondary battery pack 35 is one IC tag 2 is incorporated. 複数個の角筒形二次電池12の電極同士が電気的に接合され、二次電池パック12の外部と通じる端子部33に電気的に接続されている。 Electrodes of the plurality of angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 is electrically connected, they are electrically connected to the terminal portion 33 which communicates with the outside of the secondary battery pack 12. 二次電池パック35を形成している蓋部31、32は外部信号を通過させる材料がよく、外部信号を通過させない鉄製等の場合は二次電池パック35の蓋部に孔を設けても構わない。 Lid 31 which forms a rechargeable battery pack 35 may material to pass through the external signal, in the case of iron or the like which does not pass through the external signal may be provided a hole in the lid of the battery pack 35 Absent. また、角筒形二次電池12の代わりに円筒形二次電池1を内蔵しても良い。 It may also be a built-in cylindrical secondary battery 1 in place of the square tube form the secondary battery 12.

図6は、二次電池およびこの二次電池を装着した携帯電話本体の本発明における一実施の形態のブロック図である。 Figure 6 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention of a cellular phone body equipped with a rechargeable battery and the secondary battery.

予め角筒形二次電池12の個別認識情報を格納したICタグ2を、角筒形二次電池12に内蔵した。 The IC tag 2 which stores individual identification information of advance square cylindrical secondary battery 12, a built-in rectangular tube shape rechargeable battery 12. 角筒形二次電池12を携帯電話本体11に装着することで、携帯電話本体11に内蔵された無線送受信部13の無線発信回路4より角筒形二次電池12のICタグ2に電磁波または、マイクロ波を発信し、ICタグ2の無線送受信器15で受信された電磁波または、マイクロ波をICタグ2の個別識別情報を格納しているメモリ部14の作動電力として供給する。 By mounting the square tube form the secondary battery 12 to the cellular phone main body 11, the IC tag 2 of the radio transmitting circuit 4 square tube cage secondary battery 12 from the radio transceiver 13 incorporated in the portable telephone main body 11 waves or , transmits the microwaves, electromagnetic waves received by the radio transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2 or to supply microwaves as operating power of the memory unit 14 that stores individual identification information of the IC tag 2. 次に、角筒形二次電池12の個別識別情報をICタグ2の無線送受信器15より送信し、角筒形二次電池12の個別識別情報を携帯電話本体11に内蔵された無線送受信部13の無線受信回路5により受信し、個別識別情報を信号処理回路6で信号処理したのち、制御回路7を介して制御出力回路8にて個別識別情報が正規の値であることを認識し、スイッチ回路10を駆動することにより、充電回路9を形成することで充電可能な状態にした。 Then, the individual identification information of the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 is transmitted from the wireless transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2, a radio transceiver unit which is built individual identification information of the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 to the cellular phone main body 11 received by the radio receiving circuit 5 of 13, it recognizes that After signal processing the individual identification information by the signal processing circuit 6, the individual identification information by the control output circuit 8 through the control circuit 7 is the value of the normal, by driving the switch circuit 10, and a rechargeable state by forming a charging circuit 9.

充電可能な状態になった角筒形二次電池12を装着した携帯電話本体11と充電器とを繋げることで角筒形二次電池12への充電が始まる。 Charging of the square tube form the secondary battery 12 by the cellular phone main body 11 fitted with a square tube shape rechargeable battery 12 becomes chargeable state connect the charger begins. また、角筒形二次電池12の個別認識情報を携帯電話本体11にて照合した結果、正規の値が認識できなかった場合には、制御回路7にて認識し、装着した角筒形二次電池12が適合していないことの旨を、携帯電話本体11の表示部17である液晶画面中に表示した。 As a result of collating the individual recognition information of the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 in the portable telephone main body 11, when the value of the normal can not be recognized, recognized by the control circuit 7, square tube shape two mounted the fact that the next cell 12 is not compatible, and displayed on the liquid crystal screen which is a display unit 17 of the mobile phone main body 11. さらに、充電時の安全を考慮してスイッチ回路10を遮断することにより、角筒形二次電池12に充電ができないようにした。 Further, by blocking the switching circuit 10 in consideration of safety during charging, and so it can not be charged to the square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12.

さらに、個別認識情報に基づいた充電状態で充電されなかった場合、過充電の恐れを排除するために充電回路9を遮断し角筒形二次電池12に充電ができないようにし、装着した充電器が適合していないことの旨を、携帯電話本体11の表示部17である液晶画面中に表示した。 Furthermore, the individual recognition if not charged at the charging state based on the information, so can not be charged to the square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12 cut off the charging circuit 9 to eliminate the risk of overcharging, the charger mounted but the fact of the things that do not conform, was displayed in the liquid crystal screen, which is a display unit 17 of the main body of the cellular phone 11.

また、角筒形二次電池12の個別認識情報を携帯電話本体11にて照合した結果、正規の値が認識できなかった場合には、制御回路7にて認識し、装着した角筒形二次電池12が適合していないことの旨を携帯電話本体11の表示部17である液晶画面中に表示し、スイッチ回路10を遮断することにより、携帯電話本体11への電源供給を停止した。 As a result of collating the individual recognition information of the angular cylindrical secondary battery 12 in the portable telephone main body 11, when the value of the normal can not be recognized, recognized by the control circuit 7, square tube shape two mounted display fact that the next cell 12 is not compatible with the liquid crystal screen which is a display unit 17 of the portable telephone main body 11, by blocking the switching circuit 10 to stop the power supply to the portable telephone main body 11. ここで、角筒形二次電池12に充電電力の残量がない場合は、充電器に接続された時の充電器からの電力を使用して携帯電話本体11への表示や電源供給停止作動を行なった。 Here, when there is no remaining amount of the charging power in the square tube shape rechargeable battery 12, a display and power supply stop to the portable telephone main body 11 by using the power from the charger when connected to the charger operation It was carried out. また、液晶画面表示の代わりに表示灯の点灯、点滅などでも構わず、警告を示すものであれば、何ら支障を及ぼすことはない。 In addition, the lighting of the display lamp instead of the liquid crystal screen display, not may be in, such as blinking, as long as it exhibits a warning, does not in any way hinder.

次に、図7に示されるブロック図では、電池パック3およびこの電池パック3を装着したハンドキャリータイプのパーソナルコンピュータ(以下PCと称す)本体11の本発明における一実施の形態である。 Next, in the block diagram shown in FIG. 7, (hereinafter referred to as PC) personal computer hand-carried type equipped with the battery pack 3 and the battery pack 3 is one embodiment of the present invention the main body 11.

予め円筒形二次電池1の個別認識情報を格納したICタグ2を円筒形二次電池1の本体部に設置したのち、制御回路7、制御出力回路8、充電回路9、スイッチ回路10とともに、円筒形二次電池1をパッケージングすることで、PC本体11用二次電池パック3を形成した。 After installing the IC tag 2 which stores in advance the individual recognition information of the cylindrical secondary battery 1 to the main body portion of the cylindrical secondary battery 1, the control circuit 7, a control output circuit 8, the charging circuit 9, the switch circuit 10, the cylindrical secondary battery 1 by packaging, to form a rechargeable battery pack 3 for PC main body 11.

二次電池パック3をPC本体11に装着することで、PC本体11に内蔵された無線送受信部13の無線発信回路4より円筒形二次電池1のICタグ2に電磁波または、マイクロ波を発信し、ICタグ2の無線送受信器15で受信された電磁波または、マイクロ波をICタグ2の個別識別情報を格納しているメモリ部14の作動電力として供給する。 The rechargeable battery pack 3 by attaching the PC main body 11, the electromagnetic wave from the wireless transmitting circuit 4 of the wireless transceiver 13 incorporated in the PC main body 11 to the IC tag 2 of the cylindrical secondary battery 1 or outgoing microwave and, an electromagnetic wave received by the radio transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2 or to supply microwaves as operating power of the memory unit 14 that stores individual identification information of the IC tag 2. さらに、円筒形二次電池1の個別識別情報をICタグ2の無線送受信器15より送信し、円筒形二次電池1の個別識別情報をPC本体11に内蔵された無線送受信部13の無線受信回路5により受信し、個別識別情報を信号処理回路6で電気信号に変換される。 Furthermore, the individual identification information of the cylinder type secondary battery 1 transmitted from the wireless transceiver 15 of the IC tag 2, the individual identification information wirelessly receive radio transceiver 13 incorporated in the PC main body 11 of the cylindrical secondary battery 1 received by the circuit 5 and converted into an electric signal the individual identification information by the signal processing circuit 6. 次いで、二次電池パック3側の制御回路7に電気信号が送られ、制御出力回路8にて個別識別情報が正規の値であることを認識し、スイッチ回路10を駆動することにより、充電回路9を形成することで、充電可能な状態にした。 Then, the electrical signal is sent to the control circuit 7 of the rechargeable battery pack 3 side recognizes that the individual identification information by the control output circuit 8 is a normal value, by driving the switching circuit 10, the charging circuit by forming the 9 and the charging state.

図6と同様に個別認識情報を認識することで、PC本体11への電源供給を行ったり、充電可能状態および充電停止状態にする作動を行った。 By recognizing the individual recognition information in the same manner as FIG. 6, it was subjected or subjected to power supply to the PC main body 11, the operation of the charging state and charge stop state. また、個別認識情報を認識されない場合や個別認識情報に基づいた充電状態で充電されなかった場合、装着した二次電池パック3が適合していないこと等の旨をPC本体11の表示部17に警告表示させた。 Also, if it is not charged, the effect of such that the secondary battery pack 3 mounted is not compatible with the display unit 17 of the PC main body 11 in a charged state based on the case and individual recognition information not recognized the individual recognition information warning was displayed.

ここで、ICタグ2内に格納される個別認識情報としては、IDナンバー以外に例えば、電池の種類、製造元、製造年月日、製造番号、電池品番、定格容量、定格電圧等の一般的情報は言うに及ばず、この電池個体の製造工程履歴情報を格納することも可能であり、さらに、過充電電圧、過充電電流、過放電電圧、素子温度等の安全性能に関わる情報を格納することも可能であるが、これらに限定されるものではない。 Here, the individual recognition information stored in the IC tag 2, for example, in addition to ID number, battery type, manufacturer, date of manufacture, serial number, battery No., rated capacity, general information such as rated voltage not to mention, it is also possible to store a manufacturing process history information of the battery individual, further overcharge voltage, the overcharge current, overdischarge voltage, storing the information relating to the safety performance of such devices temperature Although it is also possible, but is not limited thereto. また、ICタグ2のIDナンバーおよび円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が、暗号化処理されていることにより個別識別情報を書き換えられることに対して保護を行っている。 Further, at least one information of individual recognition information ID number and a cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12 of the IC tag 2 is rewritten individual identification information by being processed encrypted It has done a protection against it.

また、円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12および二次電池パック35に具備されたICタグ2を剥がす行為によりICタグ2は回路的に分断され、個別識別情報を書き換えられることに対して保護も行っている。 Further, the IC tag 2 through acts peeling the IC tag 2 that is provided in the cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular form secondary cell 12 and the secondary battery pack 35 are circuit disrupted, rewritten individual identification information protection is also made to the.

IDナンバーを含む個別認識情報をICタグ2内に格納し、かつ、外部信号を受信して起動するICタグ2を円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12および二次電池パック3、35に具備する構成をしているため、無線送受信部13を設置した電子機器11からの信号を受信することでICタグ2が起動し、円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12の個別識別情報を電子機器11に送信することで、二次電池1,12または二次電池パック3、35を用いた電子機器に適合した電源供給ができ、充電電圧及び電流の異なって充電する電子機器11にて充電されることなく、安全な円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12の充放電を確保することができる。 Stores individual identification information including the ID number in the IC tag 2 and, IC tag 2 a cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular form secondary cell 12 and the secondary battery pack 3 to start receiving the external signal , because of the configuration comprising the 35, IC tag 2 is activated by receiving a signal from the electronic device 11 to set up a wireless transceiver 13, the cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular shape rechargeable battery the individual identification information 12 by transmitting to the electronic device 11 can be powered adapted to an electronic device using the secondary battery 1, 12 or secondary battery pack 3,35, charging different the charging voltage and current without being charged by the electronic device 11, it is possible to ensure the charging and discharging safe cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12. さらに、ICタグ2が円筒形二次電池1または角筒形二次電池12の個別認識情報を取り出す動作を自ら電源部を持たずに行えることにより、コンパクト化が可能である。 Furthermore, by enabling the operation of the IC tag 2 is taken out individual recognition information of the cylindrical secondary battery 1 or square tubular shape rechargeable battery 12 without having its own power supply unit, it is possible to compact.

二次電池または、二次電池を内蔵した二次電池パックに外部信号を受信して起動するICタグを設置し、ICタグに格納された二次電池の個別認識情報を取り出す動作を自ら電源部を持たずに行えることにより、コンパクト化が可能である。 Rechargeable battery or installing the IC tag to start receiving the external signal to the secondary battery pack with a built-in rechargeable battery, itself an operation to retrieve the individual recognition information of the secondary battery stored in the IC tag power supply unit by performed without a, it is possible to compact. また、送受信可能な識別手段を二次電池または、二次電池パックを用いた電子機器側に設けることで、適切な充放電制御を行うことができ、二次電池を安全に充放電することが可能な二次電池、二次電池パックおよびそれを用いた電子機器を提供できる。 Also, can transmit and receive identification means the secondary battery or by providing the electronic apparatus side using a secondary battery pack, it is possible to perform appropriate charge and discharge control, it is safely charged and discharged rechargeable battery secondary battery, it is possible to provide an electronic apparatus using packs and it secondary battery.

本発明の実施形態における外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグの斜視図 Perspective view of an IC tag that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal in the embodiment of the present invention 同実施形態における外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグを具備した円筒形二次電池の斜視図 Perspective view of a cylindrical secondary battery having an IC tag that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal in the same embodiment 同実施の形態の外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグを具備した角筒形二次電池の斜視図 Perspective view of a square tubular shape secondary battery having an IC tag that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal of the same embodiment 同実施の形態の外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグを具備した二次電池が内蔵された二次電池パックの斜視図 Perspective view of a rechargeable battery pack secondary battery having built therein an IC tag that does not have its own power supply unit to start an external signal of the same embodiment 同実施の形態の外部信号により起動する自ら電源部を持たないICタグと二次電池が内蔵された二次電池パックの斜視図 Perspective view of a rechargeable battery pack IC tag and a secondary battery that does not have its own power supply unit to start is built by an external signal of the same embodiment 同実施の形態の二次電池を装着した電子のブロック図 Block diagram of an electronic equipped with rechargeable batteries of the same embodiment 同実施の形態の二次電池パックを装着した電子機器のブロック図 Block diagram of an electronic apparatus equipped with the secondary battery pack of the embodiment

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 円筒形二次電池 2 ICタグ 3 二次電池パック 4 無線発信回路 5 無線受信回路 6 信号処理回路 7 制御回路 8 制御出力回路 9 充電回路10 スイッチ回路11 電子機器12 角筒形二次電池13 無線送受信部14 メモリ部15 無線送受信器16 溝部17 表示部31 二次電池パックの底蓋部32 二次電池パックの上蓋部33 二次電池パックの端子部35 二次電池パック 1 cylindrical secondary battery 2 IC tag 3 rechargeable battery pack 4 wireless transmitting circuit 5 radio receiving circuit 6 a signal processing circuit 7 the control circuit 8 controls the output circuit 9 charging circuit 10 the switching circuit 11 electronic device 12 square cylindrical secondary battery 13 wireless transceiver 14 memory unit 15 wireless transceiver 16 groove 17 display unit 31 rechargeable battery pack bottom lid portion 32 rechargeable battery pack upper cover 33 rechargeable battery pack terminal portion 35 rechargeable battery pack of

Claims (12)

  1. IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備する二次電池であって、外部信号により起動する前記ICタグに少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を格納したことを特徴とする二次電池。 A secondary battery comprising an IC tag imparted with ID number, two and characterized by storing the individual recognition information of the secondary battery including at least the ID number to the IC tag activated by an external signal order battery.
  2. ICタグのIDナンバーおよび二次電池の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が、暗号化処理されたものであることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の二次電池。 The secondary battery of claim 1, at least one information of the individual recognition information of the ID number and the secondary battery of the IC tag, characterized in that it is one that is enciphered.
  3. ICタグを取り外された際にICタグが回路的に分断されるように構成したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の二次電池。 The secondary battery of claim 1, IC tag when detached the IC tag is characterized by being configured to be the circuit decoupled.
  4. IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備する二次電池を内蔵した二次電池パックであって、外部信号により起動する前記ICタグに少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を格納したことを特徴とする二次電池パック。 A rechargeable battery pack with a built-in rechargeable battery comprising an IC tag imparted with ID number, storing individual identification information of the secondary battery including at least the ID number to the IC tag activated by an external signal rechargeable battery pack, characterized in that.
  5. 二次電池を内蔵し、IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備した二次電池パックであって、外部信号により起動する前記ICタグに少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を格納したことを特徴とする二次電池パック。 A built-in rechargeable battery, a rechargeable battery pack provided with the IC tag imparted with ID numbers, stores individual identification information of the secondary battery including at least the ID number to the IC tag activated by an external signal rechargeable battery pack, characterized in that it was.
  6. ICタグのIDナンバーおよび二次電池の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が、暗号化処理されたものであることを特徴とする請求項4または請求項5に記載の二次電池パック。 At least one information of individual recognition information ID number and a secondary battery of the IC tag, the secondary battery pack according to claim 4 or claim 5, characterized in that one which is enciphered.
  7. ICタグを取り外された際にICタグが回路的に分断されるように構成したことを特徴とする請求項4または請求項5に記載の二次電池パック。 Rechargeable battery pack according to claim 4 or claim 5 IC tag when detached the IC tag is characterized by being configured to be the circuit decoupled.
  8. IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備する二次電池を電源とし、無線送受信部を具備した前記二次電池を用いた電子機器であって、前記二次電池が前記電子機器に装着された際に、前記無線送受信部から発信された信号にて起動する前記ICタグで受信し、電源供給を受けると同時に前記ICタグより少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を前記無線送受信部に送信することにより、前記二次電池が前記電子機器に装着されたことを認識し、前記二次電池を用いた前記電子機器の電源が駆動するように構成したことを特徴とする電子機器。 The secondary battery includes an IC tag assigned an ID number and a power supply, an electronic device using the secondary battery having a radio transceiver, when the secondary battery is mounted to the electronic device the received by the IC tag starting at signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver, the wireless transceiver individual recognition information of the secondary battery including at least the ID number from the time the IC tag receives a power supply an electronic device by transmitting, to recognize that the secondary battery is mounted to the electronic device, the power supply of the electronic device using the secondary battery is characterized by being configured to drive the.
  9. IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備する二次電池を内蔵した二次電池パックを電源とし、無線送受信部を具備した前記二次電池パックを用いた電子機器であって、前記二次電池パックが前記電子機器に装着された際に、前記無線送受信部から発信された信号にて起動する前記ICタグで受信し、電源供給を受けると同時に前記ICタグより少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を前記無線送受信部に送信することにより、前記二次電池パックが前記電子機器に装着されたことを認識し、前記二次電池パックを用いた前記電子機器の電源が駆動するように構成したことを特徴とする電子機器。 The rechargeable battery pack with a built-in rechargeable battery comprising an IC tag assigned an ID number and a power supply, an electronic apparatus using the battery pack provided with the wireless transceiver, the secondary battery pack wherein when attached to the electronic device, said received by the IC tag starting at signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver, the secondary battery including at least the ID number from the IC tag at the same time when receiving a power supply by transmitting the individual identification information to the wireless transceiver, so that the secondary battery pack is aware that it has been attached to the electronic device, the power of the electronic apparatus is driven using the secondary battery pack an electronic apparatus characterized by being configured to.
  10. IDナンバーを付与したICタグを具備し、二次電池を内蔵した二次電池パックを電源とし、無線送受信部を具備した前記二次電池パックを用いた電子機器であって、前記二次電池パックが前記電子機器に装着された際に、前記無線送受信部から発信された信号にて起動する前記ICタグで受信し、電源供給を受けると同時に前記ICタグより少なくとも前記IDナンバーを含む前記二次電池の個別認識情報を前記無線送受信部に送信することにより、前記二次電池パックが前記電子機器に装着されたことを認識し、前記二次電池パックを用いた前記電子機器の電源が駆動するように構成したことを特徴とする電子機器。 Comprising an IC tag assigned an ID number, a rechargeable battery pack with a built-in rechargeable battery as a power source, an electronic device including a secondary battery pack provided with the wireless transceiver, the secondary battery pack When but attached to the electronic device, said received by the IC tag starting at signal transmitted from the wireless transceiver unit, said secondary including at least the ID number from the time the IC tag receives a power supply by transmitting individual recognition information of the battery to the radio transceiver unit, recognizes that the secondary battery pack is mounted to the electronic device, the power of the electronic apparatus is driven using the secondary battery pack an electronic apparatus characterized by being configured so.
  11. ICタグのIDナンバーおよび二次電池の個別認識情報の少なくとも一つ以上の情報が、暗号化処理されたものであることを特徴とする請求項8〜10いずれか1つに記載の電子機器。 The electronic device according to at least one information of individual recognition information ID number and a secondary battery of the IC tag is any one claims 8 to 10, characterized in that one which is enciphered.
  12. 二次電池の個別認識情報が照合されない場合に、不適合の警告を表示させる表示手段を設けたことを特徴とする請求項8〜10いずれか1つに記載の電子機器。 If the individual recognition information of the secondary battery is not verified, an electronic device according to any one of Claims 8 to 10, characterized in that a display means for displaying a warning irrelevant.

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