JP2005238945A - Seat installation device for vehicle - Google Patents

Seat installation device for vehicle Download PDF

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JP2005238945A
JP2005238945A JP2004050022A JP2004050022A JP2005238945A JP 2005238945 A JP2005238945 A JP 2005238945A JP 2004050022 A JP2004050022 A JP 2004050022A JP 2004050022 A JP2004050022 A JP 2004050022A JP 2005238945 A JP2005238945 A JP 2005238945A
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seat
arm
vehicle
members
attached
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JP4052589B2 (en
Inventor
Koji Takahashi
浩司 高橋
Taro Kodo
太郎 古堂
Yasuyuki Honda
泰之 本田
Mitsuru Ichimura
満 市村
Yuichi Makino
雄一 牧野
Takaomi Yokota
貴臣 横田
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Honda Motor Co Ltd
本田技研工業株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To facilitate delivery of a seat for a vehicle into a vehicle body, and to smooth the positioning to the attachment part on the vehicle body side. <P>SOLUTION: A holding device 14 is a member constituted mainly by a base part 34, a horizontal shaft 35, an arm member 36, a reinforcing plate 38, an insertion member 39, a means 41 of rotating the insertion member, a controlling member 42, and a means 44 of driving an arm. The horizontal axis is fixed to a side plate member 33 of the base part 34, and the arm member is installed in the periphery of the horizontal shaft 35 with flexible rotation. Then the reinforcing plate is extended from a lower end part 36a of the arm member 36, and the insertion member is installed on both the right and left ends of the reinforcing plate 38. Then the means of rotating the insertion member is installed at the base of the reinforcing plate 38, and the controlling member, which is installed at the base of the reinforcing plate 38, plays the part of controlling an inserted amount of the seat 29. Then the means of driving the arm is installed on an upper end part 36b of the arm member through a driving shaft 43. A bracket plate member 46 is installed at the end part of an upper plate member 32 of the base part, and the means 44 of driving the arm is installed at the head 46a of the bracket plate member. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は、移載用吊上げ装置の先端に取付けた把持装置により車両用シートを把持し、車体内に車両用シートを搬入し、車体に車両用シートを取付けるときに使用する車両用シート搭載装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a vehicle seat mounting apparatus used when a vehicle seat is gripped by a gripping device attached to the tip of a transfer lifting device, the vehicle seat is carried into the vehicle body, and the vehicle seat is attached to the vehicle body. It is about.
従来、移載用吊上げ装置と、移載用吊上げ装置の先端に取付けシートに挿入しシートの荷重を受ける挿入部材と、シートの側面を規制するシート規制部材を備えるシート把持装置と、からなる車両用シート搭載装置が知られている(例えば、特許文献1参照。)。
特開2002−274454公報(図6)
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a vehicle comprising a transfer lifting device, an insertion member that is inserted into a mounting sheet at the front end of the transfer lifting device and receives a load of the sheet, and a sheet gripping device that includes a sheet regulating member that regulates the side surface of the sheet. A sheet mounting apparatus is known (for example, see Patent Document 1).
JP 2002-274454 A (FIG. 6)
特許文献1を次図に基づいて説明する。
図12は従来の技術の基本構成を説明した図であり、車両用シート搭載装置の一部をなすシート把持装置101は、移載用吊上げ装置の先端につないだベース板102と、このベース板102に回動自在に取付けた左右の挿入部材103L、103Rと、これらの挿入部材103L、103Rの先端に付加した屈曲部104、104と、ベース板102に取付け挿入部材103L、103Rを回動する回転手段105と、ベース板102から延ばしたシート規制部材106とを備えた装置である。
Patent document 1 is demonstrated based on the following figure.
FIG. 12 is a diagram for explaining the basic configuration of the prior art. A sheet gripping device 101 forming a part of a vehicle seat mounting device includes a base plate 102 connected to the tip of a transfer lifting device, and the base plate. The left and right insertion members 103L and 103R that are rotatably attached to 102, the bent portions 104 and 104 added to the tips of these insertion members 103L and 103R, and the attachment members 103L and 103R that are attached to the base plate 102 are rotated. This is an apparatus provided with a rotating means 105 and a sheet restricting member 106 extended from the base plate 102.
左右の挿入部材103L、103Rを車両用シート107の背もたれ108と座部109との間に差込み、回転手段105により所定角度(略45°)だけ回転させて、屈曲部104、104を背もたれ108側に向け、挿入部材103L、103Rとシート規制部材106とで車両用シート107を把持するというものである。   The left and right insertion members 103L and 103R are inserted between the backrest 108 and the seat portion 109 of the vehicle seat 107 and rotated by a predetermined angle (approximately 45 °) by the rotating means 105, so that the bent portions 104 and 104 are on the backrest 108 side. The vehicle seat 107 is gripped by the insertion members 103L and 103R and the seat regulating member 106.
車両用シート107を把持するために、シート107を畳まない状態で把持して車体に搬入及び位置決め、すなわち車体にシート107を搭載する。この結果、シート107を畳んだ状態で搭載する場合に比べ大きなスペースが必要となる。加えて、シート107の搭載及びシート107の取付け作業において、車体側への位置決め及び取付け作業が行い易いように把持したシート107を傾動できないという制約がある。   In order to grip the vehicle seat 107, the seat 107 is gripped without being folded, and is carried into the vehicle body and positioned, that is, the seat 107 is mounted on the vehicle body. As a result, a larger space is required as compared with the case where the seat 107 is mounted in a folded state. In addition, when the seat 107 is mounted and the seat 107 is attached, there is a restriction that the gripped seat 107 cannot be tilted so that the positioning and attachment work on the vehicle body side can be easily performed.
シート107をよりコンパクトにすることができれば、シート107の搭載に必要なスペースを小さくすることができ、他部材との干渉は減り、シート107を簡便に搭載でき、取付け作業性を向上することにつながり好適である。   If the seat 107 can be made more compact, the space required for mounting the seat 107 can be reduced, interference with other members can be reduced, the seat 107 can be easily mounted, and mounting workability is improved. Good connection.
そこで、本発明は、車両用シートの車体への搬入を容易にし、車体側取付け部への位置決めを円滑にすることを課題とする。   Therefore, an object of the present invention is to facilitate the carrying-in of the vehicle seat into the vehicle body and to facilitate the positioning to the vehicle body side attachment portion.
請求項1に係る発明は、背もたれと座部とからなる車両用シートを移載する移載手段に配設した把持装置で把持させつつ車両内部に搭載するようにした車両用シート搭載装置において、把持装置は、移載手段の腕部材に取付けられる基部と、この基部に水平軸回りに傾動自在に取付けたアーム部材と、このアーム部材の下端部に背もたれと座部の間に挿入可能に配設した左右の挿入部材と、これらの挿入部材の先端部に形成した脱落防止手段と、挿入部材の傾きを水平から所定の傾き角度まで傾動する傾動制御手段とから構成したことを特徴とする。   The invention according to claim 1 is a vehicle seat mounting device that is mounted inside a vehicle while being gripped by a gripping device disposed in a transfer means for transferring a vehicle seat composed of a backrest and a seat. The gripping device is arranged such that a base attached to the arm member of the transfer means, an arm member attached to the base so as to be tiltable around a horizontal axis, and inserted between the backrest and the seat at the lower end of the arm member. It is characterized by comprising left and right insertion members provided, drop-off prevention means formed at the tip portions of these insertion members, and tilt control means for tilting the insertion member from the horizontal to a predetermined tilt angle.
背もたれと座部の間に左右の挿入部材を挿入可能に配設し、挿入部材と一体で水平軸回りに傾動自在にアーム部材を取付けたので、折畳みシートを折畳んだ状態で、シートの背もたれと座部との間に挿入部材を挿入し、アーム部材を介して挿入部材を傾動させ、シートを所定の傾きをもつ位置に容易に保持し、所定の位置に位置決めすることができる。
従って、折畳みシートを折畳んだ状態で搬送できるので、シートをコンパクトにでき、シートが搬送中に他の部材に干渉することは減り、シートの慣性モーメントが減るため、搬入作業を簡便に行うことができる。
加えて、挿入部材を傾動させる構造としたので、車体側の組付け位置へ、シートを容易に位置決めすることができる。
この結果、車両へのシートの搬入、位置決め作業を簡便且つ確実に行うことができる。
The left and right insertion members are inserted between the backrest and the seat so that they can be inserted, and the arm member is attached to the insertion member so that it can tilt around the horizontal axis, so the seat back can be folded in the folded state. An insertion member is inserted between the seat and the seat portion, the insertion member is tilted via the arm member, and the seat can be easily held at a position having a predetermined inclination and positioned at the predetermined position.
Therefore, since the folded sheet can be conveyed in a folded state, the sheet can be made compact, the sheet can be prevented from interfering with other members during conveyance, and the moment of inertia of the sheet is reduced, so that the carrying-in operation can be performed easily. Can do.
In addition, since the insertion member is tilted, the seat can be easily positioned at the assembly position on the vehicle body side.
As a result, it is possible to simply and reliably carry in and position the seat into the vehicle.
請求項2に係る発明は、挿入部は挿入部材と、この挿入部材を補強するために付設する補強板とで構成し、この補強板に、車両用シートの挿入量を規制する規制部材を位置調整自在に備えたことを特徴とする。   In the invention according to claim 2, the insertion portion is constituted by an insertion member and a reinforcing plate attached to reinforce the insertion member, and a restriction member for restricting the insertion amount of the vehicle seat is positioned on the reinforcement plate. It is characterized by being adjustable.
シートの荷重を、左右の挿入部材と、これらの挿入部材の間に左右のホルダ部を介して備えた補強板とにより支持するので、挿入部材だけで支持する場合に比べ、荷重を受ける面積を広くとることができる。
荷重を受ける面積が広くなるので、挿入部材を移動及び傾動させたときに、シートの姿勢を安定して保持することができる。
また、挿入部材は補強板で支持するため、長期間にわたり使用してもシートの荷重により、挿入部材の曲がり等の不具合が起こる虞はない。
この結果、シートを安定した姿勢で且つ円滑に車体に搭載することが可能となり、長期間の使用に十分対応することができる。
Since the load of the seat is supported by the left and right insertion members and the reinforcing plate provided between the insertion members via the left and right holder parts, the area that receives the load is smaller than the case of supporting only by the insertion members. Can be taken widely.
Since the area that receives the load is increased, the posture of the seat can be stably maintained when the insertion member is moved and tilted.
In addition, since the insertion member is supported by the reinforcing plate, there is no possibility that problems such as bending of the insertion member occur due to the load of the sheet even if the insertion member is used for a long period of time.
As a result, the seat can be mounted on the vehicle body in a stable posture and can be used for a long period of time.
請求項3に係る発明は、傾動制御手段は、アーム部材を傾動自在に駆動するエアシリンダと、このエアシリンダ内部の圧力を調整する減圧調整手段とにより制御することで、車両シートの自重により傾動可能とし、アーム部材が所定の傾き角度に傾動した位置で、このアーム部材を保持するストッパ手段を、基部に傾き角度調整自在に配設したことを特徴とする。   According to a third aspect of the present invention, the tilt control means is tilted by the weight of the vehicle seat by controlling by an air cylinder that tiltably drives the arm member and a decompression adjusting means that adjusts the pressure inside the air cylinder. The stopper means for holding the arm member at a position where the arm member is tilted at a predetermined tilt angle is arranged on the base so that the tilt angle can be adjusted.
アーム部材及び挿入部材をシートの自重を利用して、下方に傾動させるので、位置決め動作に際してエアの供給は不要である。
この結果、エアの消費量を節約でき省エネ化を図ることができる。
加えて、減圧調整手段により挿入部材の傾き角度を調整自在にできるので、車体側ブラケットの傾きに合わせて、挿入部材をシートの組付けに最適な傾き角度に設定することができる。
この結果、車両用シートの搭載作業をより円滑に行うことができる。
Since the arm member and the insertion member are tilted downward by utilizing the weight of the sheet, it is not necessary to supply air during the positioning operation.
As a result, air consumption can be saved and energy saving can be achieved.
In addition, since the inclination angle of the insertion member can be adjusted by the decompression adjusting means, the insertion member can be set to an optimum inclination angle for assembling the seat in accordance with the inclination of the vehicle body side bracket.
As a result, the vehicle seat mounting operation can be performed more smoothly.
請求項1に係る発明では、折畳みシートに挿入部材を挿入可能、且つ傾動自在に配設し、折畳みシートを折り畳んで搬送するため、車両へのシートの搬入、位置決め作業を簡便且つ確実に行うことができるいう利点がある。   In the invention according to claim 1, since the insertion member can be inserted into the folding sheet and can be tilted, and the folding sheet is folded and transported, the sheet can be carried into the vehicle and positioned easily and reliably. There is an advantage that can be.
請求項2に係る発明では、シートの荷重を、左右の挿入部材と、これらの挿入部材を補強する補強板とにより支持したので、長期間にわたりシートを車体に円滑に搭載することができるいう利点がある。   In the invention according to claim 2, since the load of the seat is supported by the left and right insertion members and the reinforcing plate that reinforces these insertion members, the advantage that the seat can be smoothly mounted on the vehicle body for a long period of time. There is.
請求項3に係る発明では、アーム部材及び挿入部材をシートの自重を利用して、下方に傾動させるので、アーム部材の駆動源となるエアの消費量を節約でき省エネ化を図ることができるという利点がある。
加えて、挿入部材の傾き角度を調整自在にできるので、車体への車両用シートの搭載作業をより円滑に行うことができるという利点がある。
In the invention according to claim 3, since the arm member and the insertion member are tilted downward by utilizing the weight of the seat, it is possible to save consumption of air as a driving source of the arm member and to save energy. There are advantages.
In addition, since the inclination angle of the insertion member can be adjusted, there is an advantage that the work of mounting the vehicle seat on the vehicle body can be performed more smoothly.
本発明を実施するための最良の形態を添付図に基づいて以下に説明する。なお、図面は符号の向きに見るものとする。
図1は本発明に係る車両用シート搭載装置の正面図であり、車両用シート搭載装置10は、天井部11から下げたレール11aを介して図左右方向に移動自在に取付けた移載手段12と、この移載手段12の先端部13に取付けた把持装置14とからなる。
The best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. The drawings are viewed in the direction of the reference numerals.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a vehicular seat mounting apparatus according to the present invention. A vehicular seat mounting apparatus 10 is movably mounted in a left-right direction in the figure via a rail 11a lowered from a ceiling portion 11. FIG. And a gripping device 14 attached to the distal end portion 13 of the transfer means 12.
移載手段12は、天井部11に図左右方向に移動自在に取付けたベース部15と、このベース部15に下向きに取付けた第3腕部材16と、第3腕部材16から連結部材17を介して斜め下向きに延ばした第2長腕部材18と、第2長腕部材の先端部19に連結部材17を介して取付けた第2腕部材21と、第2腕部材の下部22に連結部材17を介して取付けた第1長腕部材23と、この第1長腕部材の先端部24に連結部材17を介して第1腕部材25を備えた部材である。以下、移載手段12の先端部を形成する第1腕部材を腕部材26と呼ぶこととする。   The transfer means 12 includes a base portion 15 attached to the ceiling portion 11 so as to be movable in the left-right direction in the figure, a third arm member 16 attached downward to the base portion 15, and a connecting member 17 from the third arm member 16. A second long arm member 18 extending obliquely downward via the connecting member 17, a second arm member 21 attached to the tip 19 of the second long arm member via a connecting member 17, and a connecting member connected to the lower portion 22 of the second arm member. A first long arm member 23 attached via 17 and a first arm member 25 provided on the distal end portion 24 of the first long arm member via a connecting member 17. Hereinafter, the first arm member that forms the tip of the transfer means 12 is referred to as an arm member 26.
把持装置14を取付ける腕部材26は、連結部材17・・・(・・・は複数を示す。以下同じ。)によって、上下方向及び左右方向に伸縮及び移動自在な部材となる。
これと同様に、腕部材26は、第3腕部材16が有する第3回転軸部16aと、第2腕部材21が有する第2回転軸部21aと、第1腕部材25が有する第1回転軸部25aとによって、回動自在な部材となる。
The arm member 26 to which the gripping device 14 is attached becomes a member that can be expanded and contracted in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction by the connecting members 17 (... indicates a plurality, the same applies hereinafter).
Similarly, the arm member 26 includes a third rotation shaft portion 16 a included in the third arm member 16, a second rotation shaft portion 21 a included in the second arm member 21, and a first rotation included in the first arm member 25. The shaft portion 25a is a rotatable member.
すなわち、この車両用シート搭載装置10は、把持装置14を取付ける腕部材26を上下方向及び左右方向に伸縮、移動及び回動自由ならしめる移載手段12と、この移載手段12の先端に配設して車両用シート29を把持させる把持装置14とのはたらきにより、車両用シート29を車体内部に搭載するようにした装置である。
ここで、移載手段12により移載し、把持装置14により把持させ、車体内部に搭載する車両用シート29は、背もたれ27と座部28とからなる部材である。
That is, the vehicle seat mounting apparatus 10 includes a transfer means 12 that allows the arm member 26 for attaching the gripping device 14 to expand and contract, move and rotate freely in the vertical and horizontal directions, and the transfer means 12 at the tip of the transfer means 12. The vehicle seat 29 is mounted inside the vehicle body by working with the gripping device 14 that is installed and grips the vehicle seat 29.
Here, the vehicle seat 29 that is transferred by the transfer means 12 and gripped by the gripping device 14 and mounted inside the vehicle body is a member composed of a backrest 27 and a seat portion 28.
図2は図1の2部拡大図であり、把持装置14は、上部材31と、上板部材32と、側板部材33とからなる基部34と、この基部34の側板部材33に固定した水平軸35と、この水平軸35回りに回動自在に取付けたアーム部材36と、このアーム部材の下端部36aから延ばした補強板38と、この補強板38に取付けた挿入部材39と、補強板38の根元に取付けた挿入部材回転手段41及びシート29の挿入量を規制する役割を担う規制部材42と、アーム部材の上端部36bに駆動軸43を介して取付けたアーム駆動手段44のロッド部45と、アーム駆動手段44とを主な構成要素とする部材である。   FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of two parts in FIG. 1. The gripping device 14 includes a base 34 composed of an upper member 31, an upper plate member 32, and a side plate member 33, and a horizontal plate fixed to the side plate member 33 of the base 34. A shaft 35, an arm member 36 that is rotatably attached around the horizontal shaft 35, a reinforcing plate 38 that extends from the lower end 36 a of the arm member, an insertion member 39 that is attached to the reinforcing plate 38, and a reinforcing plate 38, a rod member of the arm drive means 44 attached to the upper end portion 36b of the arm member via the drive shaft 43. 45 and the arm drive means 44 are main components.
基部34の上板部材32の先端部から延設してブラケット板部材46を取付け、ブラケット板部材の先端部46aから下げたブラケット本体47を介してアーム駆動手段44を取付ける。48は減圧調整手段、49は減圧スイッチである。   A bracket plate member 46 is attached so as to extend from the distal end portion of the upper plate member 32 of the base portion 34, and the arm driving means 44 is attached via a bracket main body 47 lowered from the distal end portion 46a of the bracket plate member. 48 is a decompression adjusting means, and 49 is a decompression switch.
挿入部材39は、車両用シート29の背もたれ27と座部28との間に挿入させて、このシート29を支持する。加えて、挿入部材の先端部39aに脱落防止手段51を設け、この脱落防止手段51と規制部材42とでシート29を挟持することで搬送中のシート29の位置ずれを防止することができる。   The insertion member 39 is inserted between the backrest 27 and the seat portion 28 of the vehicle seat 29 and supports the seat 29. In addition, it is possible to prevent the displacement of the sheet 29 during conveyance by providing a drop prevention means 51 at the distal end portion 39a of the insertion member and sandwiching the sheet 29 between the drop prevention means 51 and the regulating member 42.
すなわち、把持装置14は、移載手段12の腕部材26に取付けられる基部34と、この基部34に水平軸35回りに傾動自在に取付けたアーム部材36と、このアーム部材36の下端部36aに背もたれ27と座部28の間に挿入可能に配設した左右の挿入部材39と、これらの挿入部材39の先端部39aに形成した脱落防止手段51と、挿入部材39の傾きを水平から所定の傾き角度まで傾動する傾動制御手段52とから構成する。   That is, the gripping device 14 includes a base 34 attached to the arm member 26 of the transfer means 12, an arm member 36 attached to the base 34 so as to be tiltable about a horizontal axis 35, and a lower end 36a of the arm member 36. Left and right insertion members 39 disposed so as to be insertable between the backrest 27 and the seat portion 28, drop-off prevention means 51 formed at the distal end portions 39a of these insertion members 39, and the inclination of the insertion member 39 from the horizontal to a predetermined level The tilt control means 52 tilts to the tilt angle.
図3は図2の3−3矢視図であり、把持装置14は、基部を構成する左右の側板部材33、33の外側部33a、33aに操作ハンドル53を取付け、この操作ハンドル53の略中央部に減圧スイッチ49と挿入部材回動スイッチ55とを取付ける。   3 is a view taken in the direction of the arrow 3-3 in FIG. 2, and the gripping device 14 has an operation handle 53 attached to the outer side portions 33a and 33a of the left and right side plate members 33 and 33 constituting the base. A decompression switch 49 and an insertion member rotation switch 55 are attached to the center.
また、アーム部材36から図左向きに補強板38を延ばし、補強板38の左右にホルダ部56・・・を介して左右の挿入部材39を回動自在に取付け、補強板38の根元にシート29(図2参照)の挿入量を規制する規制部材42を、シート挿入方向に位置調整自在になるように備える。   Further, the reinforcing plate 38 is extended from the arm member 36 to the left in the figure, and the left and right insertion members 39 are rotatably attached to the left and right of the reinforcing plate 38 via the holder portions 56. A regulating member 42 that regulates the amount of insertion (see FIG. 2) is provided so that the position can be adjusted in the sheet insertion direction.
シート29(図2参照)の荷重を、左右の挿入部材39と、これらの挿入部材39の間に左右のホルダ部56を介して備えた補強板38とにより支持するので、挿入部材39だけで支持する場合に比べ、荷重を受ける面積を広くとることができる。   Since the load of the seat 29 (see FIG. 2) is supported by the left and right insertion members 39 and the reinforcing plate 38 provided between the insertion members 39 via the left and right holder portions 56, the insertion member 39 alone is used. Compared with the case where it supports, the area which receives a load can be taken widely.
荷重を受ける面積が広くなるので、挿入部材39を移動及び傾動させたときに、シート29(図2参照)の姿勢を安定させながら保持することができる。
また、挿入部材39は補強板38で支持するため、長期間にわたり使用してもシート29の荷重により、挿入部材39が曲がる等の不具合の起こる虞はない。
この結果、挿入部材39の経年変化による不具合を気にすることなく、長期間にわたりシート29を安定した姿勢で且つ円滑に車体に搭載することが可能となる。
Since the area that receives the load is increased, when the insertion member 39 is moved and tilted, the seat 29 (see FIG. 2) can be held in a stable posture.
In addition, since the insertion member 39 is supported by the reinforcing plate 38, there is no possibility that problems such as bending of the insertion member 39 due to the load of the sheet 29 occur even if the insertion member 39 is used for a long period of time.
As a result, the seat 29 can be mounted on the vehicle body in a stable posture and smoothly over a long period without worrying about problems due to aging of the insertion member 39.
図4は図3の4−4線断面図であり、補強板38の左右に取付けたホルダ部56を介して挿入部材39を回動自在に取付けたことを示す。
すなわち、挿入部57を左右の挿入部材39と、これらの挿入部材39を補強するために連結する補強板38とで構成する。
従って、補強板38と挿入部材39とを離すことなく一体で動かすことができ、シート29(図2参照)を安定して支持することができる。
4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3, and shows that the insertion member 39 is rotatably attached via the holder portions 56 attached to the left and right of the reinforcing plate 38. FIG.
That is, the insertion portion 57 is composed of left and right insertion members 39 and a reinforcing plate 38 that is connected to reinforce these insertion members 39.
Therefore, the reinforcing plate 38 and the insertion member 39 can be moved together without being separated, and the sheet 29 (see FIG. 2) can be stably supported.
図5は図2の5−5線断面図であり、アーム部材36に設けた水平軸嵌合部61を形成する嵌合穴61aに水平軸35を通し、水平軸嵌合部61の外側にスペーサ62、62を介して側板部材33、33を通し、これらの側板部材33、33の外側に側板部材33、33から水平軸35が外れないようにするストッパ63、63を取付ける。
補強板38の上に左右の挿入部材39、39を回動するため挿入部材回動手段41、41を取付ける。
5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 2, and the horizontal shaft 35 is passed through the fitting hole 61a that forms the horizontal shaft fitting portion 61 provided in the arm member 36, and outside the horizontal shaft fitting portion 61. The side plate members 33, 33 are passed through the spacers 62, 62, and stoppers 63, 63 are attached outside the side plate members 33, 33 so that the horizontal shaft 35 is not detached from the side plate members 33, 33.
In order to rotate the left and right insertion members 39, 39 on the reinforcing plate 38, the insertion member rotation means 41, 41 are attached.
図2に戻って、挿入部材39の先端部39aに形成した脱落防止手段51は図斜め上向きに屈曲させて形成することで、補強板38に備える規制部材42との間でシート29の側面を規制し、シート29をしっかりと把持することができる。
シート29の規制を解除するためには、左右の挿入部材回動手段41を駆動し、脱落防止手段51を図想像線に示す向きに向ける。
図において、挿入部材39先端部に付設した脱落防止手段51の向きを変えることで、図矢印A方向の規制を解除することができる。
Returning to FIG. 2, the drop-off prevention means 51 formed at the distal end portion 39 a of the insertion member 39 is formed to be bent obliquely upward in the figure, so that the side surface of the sheet 29 can be connected to the regulating member 42 provided in the reinforcing plate 38. It is possible to regulate and firmly hold the sheet 29.
In order to cancel the restriction of the seat 29, the left and right insertion member rotating means 41 are driven, and the drop prevention means 51 is directed in the direction indicated by the imaginary line in the figure.
In the figure, the restriction in the direction of the arrow A can be released by changing the direction of the drop-off prevention means 51 attached to the distal end portion of the insertion member 39.
図3に戻って、操作ハンドル53に取付けた挿入部材回動スイッチ55を操作して、左右の脱落防止手段51を回動することにより、脱落防止手段51の向きを図想像線に示す向きであるシートの規制を解除するポジションから、図実線に示す向きであるシートを規制するポジションへ、又はその逆の動作を即座に行わせることができる。   Returning to FIG. 3, the insertion member rotation switch 55 attached to the operation handle 53 is operated to rotate the left and right drop prevention means 51, so that the drop prevention means 51 is oriented in the direction indicated by the imaginary line in FIG. 3. It is possible to immediately perform the operation from the position where the restriction of a certain sheet is released to the position where the sheet whose direction is indicated by the solid line is restricted, or vice versa.
なお、本実施例において、脱落防止手段51は屈曲した部材64であり、この屈曲した部材64と、挿入部材回動手段41とを組合わせる。そして、この組合わせにより、挿入部材39の向きを変化させてシート29を規制し、シート29の脱落を防止する。
脱落防止手段51は、上述の構造に限定されない。例えば、挿入部材39の先端部に風船形状のゴム弾性体、及びこのゴム弾性体を膨張する機構とすることにより、シート29を膨張させたゴム弾性体で規制するものであっても差し支えない。
In this embodiment, the drop-off prevention means 51 is a bent member 64, and the bent member 64 and the insertion member rotating means 41 are combined. And by this combination, the direction of the insertion member 39 is changed to regulate the sheet 29 and prevent the sheet 29 from falling off.
The dropout prevention means 51 is not limited to the above-described structure. For example, by using a balloon-shaped rubber elastic body at the distal end of the insertion member 39 and a mechanism for expanding the rubber elastic body, the seat 29 may be regulated by the expanded rubber elastic body.
図6はシート傾動機構を説明する図である。
挿入部材39と一体で傾動するアーム駆動手段44は、駆動源となるエアシリンダ65と、このエアシリンダ65内部の圧力を制御することでエアシリンダ65のストロークを規制する傾動制御手段52と、前記エアシリンダのロッド65aに取付けたアーム部材36と、このアーム部材36が当接するように基部34に取付け、アーム部材36と一体で傾動する挿入部材39の傾き角度を所定の傾き角度に保持するストッパ手段66と、からなることを特徴とするシート搭載装置である。
FIG. 6 is a view for explaining the seat tilting mechanism.
The arm driving means 44 that tilts integrally with the insertion member 39 includes an air cylinder 65 serving as a driving source, a tilt control means 52 that regulates the stroke of the air cylinder 65 by controlling the pressure inside the air cylinder 65, and The arm member 36 attached to the rod 65a of the air cylinder, and the stopper that is attached to the base 34 so that the arm member 36 abuts and holds the inclination angle of the insertion member 39 that integrally tilts with the arm member 36 at a predetermined inclination angle. Means 66, and a sheet mounting apparatus characterized by comprising:
すなわち、傾動制御手段52は、アーム部材36を傾動自在に駆動するエアシリンダ65と、このエアシリンダ65内部の圧力を制御する減圧調整手段48とを主要な要素とするものである。そして、車両シート29の自重によりアーム部材36を傾動可能とし、アーム部材36が所定の傾き角度に傾動した位置で、このアーム部材36を保持するストッパ手段66を基部34に傾き角度調整自在に配設する。   That is, the tilt control means 52 is mainly composed of an air cylinder 65 that drives the arm member 36 so as to be tiltable, and a decompression adjustment means 48 that controls the pressure inside the air cylinder 65. Then, the arm member 36 can be tilted by its own weight of the vehicle seat 29, and the stopper means 66 for holding the arm member 36 is disposed on the base 34 so that the tilt angle can be adjusted at a position where the arm member 36 tilts to a predetermined tilt angle. Set up.
図7は本発明に係る傾動制御手段の説明図である。
(a)において、アーム駆動手段のロッド65aは最も伸びた状態であり、挿入部材39と、脱落防止手段51と、規制部材42とによりシート29を支持したことを示す。
このとき、アーム部材36及び挿入部材39の傾き方向を制御する方向制御弁71により、エアはエアシリンダ65のピストン73の左室72に入りピストン73を図右側に押すので、挿入部材39は水平方向に保持される。
FIG. 7 is an explanatory view of the tilt control means according to the present invention.
In (a), the rod 65a of the arm drive means is in the most extended state, and indicates that the seat 29 is supported by the insertion member 39, the drop-off prevention means 51, and the restriction member 42.
At this time, air enters the left chamber 72 of the piston 73 of the air cylinder 65 and pushes the piston 73 to the right side of the drawing by the direction control valve 71 that controls the inclination direction of the arm member 36 and the insertion member 39. Held in the direction.
(b)において、アーム駆動手段44のロッド65aは最も縮んだ状態であり、アーム部材36及びこのアーム部材36と一体化した挿入部材39を傾動させシート29を開放する。すなわち、減圧スイッチ49を操作して方向制御弁71を切り換え、減圧弁74側にシリンダ65が有するピストン73の左室72を連通させ、左室72から減圧弁74を介してエアを外部に排出できるようにする。   In (b), the rod 65a of the arm driving means 44 is in the most contracted state, and the arm member 36 and the insertion member 39 integrated with the arm member 36 are tilted to open the seat 29. That is, the directional control valve 71 is switched by operating the pressure reducing switch 49, the left chamber 72 of the piston 73 of the cylinder 65 is connected to the pressure reducing valve 74 side, and air is discharged from the left chamber 72 through the pressure reducing valve 74 to the outside. It can be so.
このとき、挿入部材39の傾き度合いを制御する方向制御弁71と、減圧弁74とにより挿入部材39が徐々に傾動すると共に、脱落防止手段51を解除したので、シート29は自らの重さで図矢印B方向に円滑に移動する。   At this time, the insertion member 39 is gradually tilted by the directional control valve 71 for controlling the degree of inclination of the insertion member 39 and the pressure reducing valve 74 and the dropping prevention means 51 is released, so that the seat 29 has its own weight. It moves smoothly in the direction of the arrow B in the figure.
シート29が図矢印B方向に移動し把持装置14から外れた後、減圧スイッチ49を操作し、方向制御弁を(a)に表示するポジションに戻すことにより、エアをシリンダ65の左室72に入れロッド65aを最も伸ばした状態にする。
この結果、挿入部材39は水平状態に戻る。
After the seat 29 moves in the direction indicated by the arrow B and is disengaged from the gripping device 14, the pressure reducing switch 49 is operated to return the directional control valve to the position shown in FIG. The insertion rod 65a is in the most extended state.
As a result, the insertion member 39 returns to the horizontal state.
アーム部材36及び挿入部材39をシート29の自重を利用して、下方に傾動させるので、位置決め動作に際してエアの供給は不要となる。
この結果、エアの消費量を節約でき省エネ化を図ることができる。
Since the arm member 36 and the insertion member 39 are tilted downward using the weight of the seat 29, it is not necessary to supply air during the positioning operation.
As a result, air consumption can be saved and energy saving can be achieved.
加えて、減圧調整手段48により挿入部材39の傾き角度を調整自在にできるので、車体側ブラケットに合わせて、挿入部材39をシート29の組付けに最適な傾き角度に設定することができる。本実施例では、減圧調整手段48は減圧弁74を採用したがこれに限定されないものとする。
この結果、車両用シートの搭載作業をより円滑に行うことができる。
In addition, since the inclination angle of the insertion member 39 can be adjusted by the decompression adjusting means 48, the insertion member 39 can be set to an optimum inclination angle for assembling the seat 29 according to the vehicle body side bracket. In the present embodiment, the decompression adjusting means 48 employs the decompression valve 74, but is not limited thereto.
As a result, the vehicle seat mounting operation can be performed more smoothly.
以下、本発明に係る車両用シート搭載装置の作用について説明する。
図8は車両用シートを把持する状態及び把持した車両用シートを車体内へ搬入する状態を示す作用図である。
Hereinafter, the operation of the vehicle seat mounting apparatus according to the present invention will be described.
FIG. 8 is an operation diagram showing a state where the vehicle seat is gripped and a state where the gripped vehicle seat is carried into the vehicle body.
(a)において、作業者Pは、ラインサイドのシートコンベア77上の別タイプのシート78の上に載置され、搭載予定の折畳みシート29に対して、操作ハンドル53を持ち、本発明の車両用シート搭載装置10を近づけ、背もたれ27と座部28の間に挿入部材39を差込み、この挿入部材39の先端部が有する脱落防止手段51をシート29を規制する側に向けてシート29を規制し、持ち上げることを示す。   In (a), the worker P is placed on another type of sheet 78 on the line-side sheet conveyor 77, and has an operation handle 53 for the folding sheet 29 to be mounted, and the vehicle of the present invention. The seat mounting apparatus 10 is brought close, an insertion member 39 is inserted between the backrest 27 and the seat portion 28, and the dropping prevention means 51 provided at the distal end portion of the insertion member 39 is directed toward the side where the seat 29 is regulated to regulate the seat 29. And lift.
(b)において、作業者Pは、把持装置14と一体のシート29を移載手段12を使って、組立ライン上を所定の速度で移動する車体Vに搬入することを示す。   In (b), the worker P indicates that the sheet 29 integrated with the gripping device 14 is carried into the vehicle body V moving at a predetermined speed on the assembly line using the transfer means 12.
図9は車両用シートを傾動した状態及び取付けブラケットに位置決めする状態を示す車両用シート搭載装置の作用図である。
(a)において、作業者Pは、傾動制御手段52により、挿入部材39を傾動させ、車体V側のシート取付けブラケット81にシート29を近づけることを示す。
FIG. 9 is an operational view of the vehicle seat mounting device showing a state where the vehicle seat is tilted and a state where the vehicle seat is positioned on the mounting bracket.
In (a), the worker P indicates that the insertion member 39 is tilted by the tilt control means 52 to bring the seat 29 closer to the seat mounting bracket 81 on the vehicle body V side.
(b)において、作業者Pは、傾動制御手段52を効かせつつ、操作ハンドル53を動かし、車体V側のシート取付けブラケット81にシート29の締付け穴部を位置決めすることを示す。
この状態で、車体の内側に配置する図示せぬ別の作業者との共同作業で、車体Vにシート29を取付ける。82は締付けボルトである。
なお、シートの取付け作業については図10にて詳しく説明する。
In (b), the worker P indicates that the operation handle 53 is moved while the tilt control means 52 is in effect, and the tightening hole portion of the seat 29 is positioned in the seat mounting bracket 81 on the vehicle body V side.
In this state, the seat 29 is attached to the vehicle body V by joint work with another worker (not shown) disposed inside the vehicle body. Reference numeral 82 denotes a tightening bolt.
The seat mounting operation will be described in detail with reference to FIG.
本発明のシート搭載装置10によると、折畳みシート29を折畳んだ状態で、シート29の背もたれ27と座部28との間に挿入部材39を挿入し、アーム部材36を介して挿入部材39を傾動させ、シート29を所定の傾きをもつ位置に容易に保持し、所定の位置に位置決めすることができる。
加えて、挿入部材39を傾動させる構造としたので、車体V側のシート取付けブラケット81に、シート29を位置決めする作業が容易となる。
According to the seat mounting apparatus 10 of the present invention, in a state where the folding sheet 29 is folded, the insertion member 39 is inserted between the backrest 27 of the seat 29 and the seat portion 28, and the insertion member 39 is inserted via the arm member 36. By tilting, the sheet 29 can be easily held at a position having a predetermined inclination and positioned at a predetermined position.
In addition, since the insertion member 39 is tilted, it is easy to position the seat 29 on the seat mounting bracket 81 on the vehicle body V side.
折畳みシート29を折畳んだ状態で搬送できるので、シート29をコンパクトにでき、シート29が搬送中に他の部材に当たる可能性は減り、シート29の慣性モーメントは減り、搬入作業を簡便に行うことができる。
この結果、車体へのシート29の搬入、位置決め作業を簡便且つ確実に行うことができる。
Since the folded sheet 29 can be conveyed in a folded state, the sheet 29 can be made compact, the possibility that the sheet 29 will hit another member during conveyance is reduced, the moment of inertia of the sheet 29 is reduced, and the carrying-in operation can be performed easily. Can do.
As a result, it is possible to easily and reliably carry in and position the seat 29 into the vehicle body.
図10は取付けブラケットに車両用シートを取付ける状態を示す作用図である。
(a)は、車体の内側からテールゲート開口部を臨むとき、車体側に付設したシート取付けブラケットを見た図である。
FIG. 10 is an operation diagram showing a state in which the vehicle seat is attached to the mounting bracket.
(A) is the figure which looked at the seat attachment bracket attached to the vehicle body side, when facing a tailgate opening part from the inner side of a vehicle body.
シート取付けブラケット81は、車体の内壁から水平方向内側に、回動自在に備えたブラケット軸83と、ブラケット軸83の先端に取付けたブラケット部材84とからなる。
85はシートベルトである。
The seat mounting bracket 81 includes a bracket shaft 83 that is rotatably provided on the inner side in the horizontal direction from the inner wall of the vehicle body, and a bracket member 84 that is mounted on the tip of the bracket shaft 83.
Reference numeral 85 denotes a seat belt.
(b)は、図9において位置決めしたシート29の締付け穴部にシート取付けブラケット81を合わせた状態であり、別の作業者P2がナットランナー86でボルト締めする状態を示す。
従って、作業者Pが車体に搬入、位置決めしたシート29は、別の作業者P2との共同作業によって、限られた時間で円滑且つ確実に搭載することが可能となる。
FIG. 9B shows a state in which the seat mounting bracket 81 is aligned with the tightening hole portion of the seat 29 positioned in FIG. 9, and another operator P2 bolts the nut runner 86.
Therefore, the sheet 29 that the worker P has carried in and positioned in the vehicle body can be mounted smoothly and reliably in a limited time by joint work with another worker P2.
図11は挿入部材を引き抜いた状態及び車両用シートの取付けが完了する状態を示す車両用シート搭載装置の作用図である。
(a)において、作業者Pは、操作ハンドル53を握りつつ、操作ハンドル53上に配設する挿入部材回動スイッチを操作し、脱落防止手段51を解除して、操作ハンドル53を図C方向に引くことにより挿入部材39をシート29から外す。
FIG. 11 is an operational view of the vehicle seat mounting device showing a state where the insertion member is pulled out and a state where the attachment of the vehicle seat is completed.
In (a), the operator P operates the insertion member rotation switch provided on the operation handle 53 while releasing the operation handle 53 to release the drop-off preventing means 51 and moves the operation handle 53 in the direction C in FIG. The insertion member 39 is removed from the seat 29 by pulling to.
(b)において、車両用シートの取付けが完了したことを示す。このとき、シート搭載装置10の向きはシート搭載方向に対して略90°向きに向いており、且つ図右側に退避し、生産ライン上の次の車体のシートを搭載するために待機した状態である。   In (b), it shows that the installation of the vehicle seat is completed. At this time, the seat mounting apparatus 10 is oriented approximately 90 ° with respect to the seat mounting direction, retracted to the right side of the figure, and in a state of waiting to mount the next vehicle seat on the production line. is there.
尚、本実施例において、本発明のシート搭載アシスト装置のアーム駆動手段及び挿入部材駆動手段はエアシリンダを採用したが、エアシリンダに限定されない。例えば、電動アクチュエータや電動モータによる駆動手段でも差し支えないものとする。   In the present embodiment, the arm driving means and the insertion member driving means of the seat mounting assist device of the present invention employ air cylinders, but are not limited to air cylinders. For example, driving means using an electric actuator or an electric motor may be used.
本発明の車両用シート搭載装置は、車両へのシートの搭載に好適である。   The vehicle seat mounting apparatus of the present invention is suitable for mounting a seat on a vehicle.
本発明に係る車両用シート搭載装置の正面図である。1 is a front view of a vehicle seat mounting apparatus according to the present invention. 図1の2部拡大図である。FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of part 2 of FIG. 1. 図2の3−3矢視図である。FIG. 3 is a view taken along arrow 3-3 in FIG. 2. 図3の4−4線断面図である。FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 図2の5−5線断面図である。FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. シート傾動機構を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining a sheet tilting mechanism. 本発明に係る傾動制御手段の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the tilt control means which concerns on this invention. 車両用シートを把持する状態及び把持した車両用シートを車体内へ搬入する状態を示す車両用シート搭載装置の作用図である。It is an operation view of the vehicle seat mounting device showing a state of gripping the vehicle seat and a state of carrying the gripped vehicle seat into the vehicle body. 車両用シートを傾動した状態及び取付けブラケットに位置決めする状態を示す車両用シート搭載装置の作用図である。It is an effect | action figure of the vehicle seat mounting apparatus which shows the state which tilted the vehicle seat, and the state positioned to a mounting bracket. 取付けブラケットに車両用シートを取付ける状態を示す作用図である。It is an effect | action figure which shows the state which attaches a vehicle seat to a mounting bracket. 挿入部材を引き抜く状態及び車両用シートの取付けが完了する状態を示す車両用シート搭載装置の作用図である。It is an effect | action figure of the vehicle seat mounting apparatus which shows the state which the state which withdraws an insertion member, and the attachment of the vehicle seat is completed. 従来の技術の基本構成を説明した図である。It is a figure explaining the basic composition of the prior art.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
10…車両用シート搭載装置、12…移載手段、14…把持装置、27…背もたれ、28…座部、29…車両用シート、34…基部、35…水平軸、36…アーム部材、38…補強板、39…挿入部材、39a…挿入部材の先端部、42…規制部材、51…脱落防止手段、52…傾動制御手段、56…ホルダ部、57…挿入部、65…エアシリンダ、66…ストッパ手段、67…減圧調整手段。   DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Vehicle seat mounting apparatus, 12 ... Transfer means, 14 ... Holding apparatus, 27 ... Backrest, 28 ... Seat part, 29 ... Vehicle seat, 34 ... Base part, 35 ... Horizontal axis, 36 ... Arm member, 38 ... Reinforcing plate, 39 ... insertion member, 39a ... tip end of insertion member, 42 ... regulating member, 51 ... drop-off prevention means, 52 ... tilt control means, 56 ... holder part, 57 ... insertion part, 65 ... air cylinder, 66 ... Stopper means, 67 ... decompression adjusting means.

Claims (3)

  1. 背もたれと座部とからなる車両用シートを移載する移載手段に配設した把持装置で把持させつつ車体内部に搭載するようにした車両用シート搭載装置において、
    前記把持装置は、前記移載手段の腕部材に取付けられる基部と、
    この基部に水平軸回りに傾動自在に取付けたアーム部材と、
    このアーム部材の下端部に背もたれと座部の間に挿入可能に配設した左右の挿入部材と、
    これらの挿入部材の先端部に形成した脱落防止手段と、
    前記挿入部材の傾きを水平から所定の傾き角度まで傾動する傾動制御手段と、
    から構成したことを特徴とする車両用シート搭載装置。
    In the vehicle seat mounting device that is mounted inside the vehicle body while being gripped by the gripping device disposed in the transfer means for transferring the vehicle seat composed of the backrest and the seat,
    The gripping device includes a base attached to an arm member of the transfer means;
    An arm member attached to the base so as to be tiltable about a horizontal axis;
    Left and right insertion members arranged to be inserted between the backrest and the seat at the lower end of the arm member,
    Drop-off prevention means formed at the tip of these insertion members,
    Tilt control means for tilting the insertion member from horizontal to a predetermined tilt angle;
    A vehicle seat mounting device characterized by comprising:
  2. 挿入部を左右の挿入部材と、これらの挿入部材を補強するために付設する補強板とから構成し、
    この補強板に、前記車両用シートの挿入量を規制する規制部材を位置調整自在に備えることを特徴とする請求項1記載の車両用シート搭載装置。
    The insertion portion is composed of left and right insertion members and a reinforcing plate attached to reinforce these insertion members,
    The vehicular seat mounting device according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcing plate is provided with a regulating member that regulates an insertion amount of the vehicular seat so that the position thereof can be adjusted.
  3. 前記傾動制御手段は、前記アーム部材を傾動自在に駆動するエアシリンダと、
    このエアシリンダ内部の圧力を減圧調整手段により制御することで、前記車両用シートの自重により傾動可能とし、
    前記アーム部材が所定の傾き角度に傾動した位置で、このアーム部材を保持するストッパ手段を前記基部に傾き角度調整自在に配設したことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項2記載の車両用シート搭載装置。
    The tilt control means includes an air cylinder that tiltably drives the arm member;
    By controlling the pressure inside the air cylinder by the decompression adjusting means, it is possible to tilt by the weight of the vehicle seat,
    3. The vehicle according to claim 1, wherein a stopper means for holding the arm member is disposed at the base portion so that the tilt angle can be adjusted at a position where the arm member is tilted at a predetermined tilt angle. Seat mounting device.
JP2004050022A 2004-02-25 2004-02-25 Vehicle seat mounting device Expired - Fee Related JP4052589B2 (en)

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JP2004050022A JP4052589B2 (en) 2004-02-25 2004-02-25 Vehicle seat mounting device
CNB2004100979367A CN100488828C (en) 2004-02-25 2004-12-06 Seat carrying gear of vehicle

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2912074A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-08 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Rear row seats handling and positioning device for use during assembling of e.g. car, has raising and lowering units to raise and lower seats with minimum effort in different directions, and tilting units to tilt seats with minimum effort
JP2015040007A (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-03-02 マツダ株式会社 Mounting tool and mounting method of vehicular seat

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100655529B1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2006-12-08 현대자동차주식회사 Seat holding apparatus for vehicle manufacturing
CN102814637B (en) * 2012-08-31 2015-05-27 天津博信汽车零部件有限公司 Manipulator for mounting and hoisting automobile rear seat
CN105752206B (en) * 2015-12-05 2018-04-10 湖北航特科技有限责任公司 Sliding rail of automobile seat assembling line

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2912074A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-08 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Rear row seats handling and positioning device for use during assembling of e.g. car, has raising and lowering units to raise and lower seats with minimum effort in different directions, and tilting units to tilt seats with minimum effort
JP2015040007A (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-03-02 マツダ株式会社 Mounting tool and mounting method of vehicular seat

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CN1660641A (en) 2005-08-31
JP4052589B2 (en) 2008-02-27

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