JP2005038768A - Surface light source and display device using this - Google Patents

Surface light source and display device using this Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005038768A
JP2005038768A JP2003275960A JP2003275960A JP2005038768A JP 2005038768 A JP2005038768 A JP 2005038768A JP 2003275960 A JP2003275960 A JP 2003275960A JP 2003275960 A JP2003275960 A JP 2003275960A JP 2005038768 A JP2005038768 A JP 2005038768A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
light source
surface
guide plate
light
light guide
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Granted
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JP2003275960A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4143920B2 (en
Inventor
Hiroshi Mitsuda
Hiroshi Okawa
Toshiyuki Yoneda
博司 大川
博志 満田
俊之 米田
Original Assignee
Mitsubishi Electric Corp
Mitsubishi Electric Lighting Corp
三菱電機株式会社
三菱電機照明株式会社
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Application filed by Mitsubishi Electric Corp, Mitsubishi Electric Lighting Corp, 三菱電機株式会社, 三菱電機照明株式会社 filed Critical Mitsubishi Electric Corp
Priority to JP2003275960A priority Critical patent/JP4143920B2/en
Publication of JP2005038768A publication Critical patent/JP2005038768A/en
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Publication of JP4143920B2 publication Critical patent/JP4143920B2/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To solve problems that, in the conventional surface light source device, a substrate mounted with a plurality of LEDs is fitted to a holder so as to contact one side face of a light guide plate, but since a wiring space for supplying power to the substrate is necessary, a gap is generated between the LEDs and the light guide plate and the incidence efficiency of the light emitted from the LEDs to the light guide plate is degraded. <P>SOLUTION: This is the surface light source device equipped with a point light source, a light source substrate mounting the point light source, and a light guide plate in which one side face is made a light incident face and the light of a point light source entered from the incident face is made a surface light source and is irradiated to the front face. A wiring connection part for connecting the point light source to the power supply is provided at the end part of the mounting face of the light source substrate mounting the point light source, and a recessed part is formed at a position opposed to the wiring connection part on one side face of the light guide plate. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to an edge-light type surface light source device using a light guide plate and a display device using this surface light source device and used for guide lights, emergency lights, road signs, advertising lights, and the like.

Conventional surface light source devices and display devices using the same are as follows.
Displayed by a light source in which a plurality of LEDs emitting blue light are arranged, a light guide plate that emits light from the light source incident from one side, a color conversion member that converts the light emission color of the light source into a different color, and illumination from the back Display by combining a display panel on which a display pattern such as symbols and characters is formed, and converting blue light into white light or light having other light spectrum components such as green, yellow, and red by a color conversion member. It is converted into white light or other different colors necessary for the display of the panel to display the display pattern.
The plurality of LEDs are mounted on the substrate at a constant pitch, and this substrate is detachably attached to the holder so as to be close to one side surface of the light guide plate, and light emitted to the side of the LED Reflecting plates for reflecting the light to the light guide plate are disposed on both sides of the substrate. In addition, an electric circuit for driving the LED incorporated in the holder is connected to an AC power source (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
JP-A-9-179512 (page 3, page 4, FIG. 1, FIG. 2)

  In a conventional surface light source device, a substrate on which a plurality of LEDs are mounted is attached to a holder so as to be close to one side surface of the light guide plate, but a wiring space for supplying power from the power source to the substrate is required. As a result, there is a problem that an interval between the LED and the light guide plate is generated, and the incident efficiency of the light emitted from the LED to the light guide plate is lowered.

The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and has an object to obtain a bright surface light source device having high display quality by efficiently making light from a point light source incident on a light guide plate. To do.
Another object of the present invention is to obtain a bright and high-quality display device using this surface light source device.

  The surface light source device of the present invention has a point light source, a light source substrate on which the point light source is mounted, one side as an incident surface, the point light source incident from the incident surface as a surface light source, and emission from the front surface. A surface light source device including a light guide plate that irradiates from a surface, and a wiring connection portion that connects the point light source to a power source is provided at an end of the mounting surface of the light source substrate on which the point light source is mounted. A concave portion is formed on the side surface of the optical plate at a position facing the wiring connection portion.

  According to the surface light source device of the present invention, the light from the point light source can be efficiently incident on the light guide plate to obtain a surface light source device that is bright and has high display quality. In addition, it is possible to prevent a reduction in the ratio of the effective emission surface of the surface light source device.

1 is an exploded perspective view of the display device, FIG. 2 is a plan view of a main part of the display device of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of the display device of FIG.
As shown in FIG. 1, the main configuration of the display device is a surface light source device that receives emitted light from the point light source 20 on an incident surface 43 on one side surface of the light guide plate 40 and emits it as a surface light source from an output surface 41 on the front surface. And a display plate 80 that is disposed in front of the light guide plate 40 of the surface light source device and displays a display pattern by light emitted from the light guide plate 40.
Hereinafter, the configuration of the display device will be described in detail.
The point light source 20 is mounted by arranging light emitting diodes, laser diodes, and the like in one or more rows along the longitudinal direction of the light source substrate 30. Here, as the light source substrate 30, a resin substrate such as paper phenol or glass epoxy or a metal substrate such as aluminum is used.
The light source substrate 30 is provided with a circuit pattern for supplying power to the point light source 20, and the end of the mounting surface of the point light source 20 of the light source substrate 30 (for example, the light source substrate 30 in FIG. 1). The wiring connection part 31 which supplies electric power from the power supply which is not shown in figure is provided in the edge part of this longitudinal direction. A wiring 35 to a power source (not shown) is provided from the wiring connection portion 31. The wiring connection portion 31 connects the light source substrate 30 and the wiring 35 with solder, a connector, or the like.

  The light guide plate 40 is a plate-like body made of a transparent resin such as acrylic or polycarbonate, and the light source substrate 30 is disposed on one side surface of the light guide plate 40 so as to face the light source plate 30, thereby forming an incident surface 43. The light guide plate 40 has a light diffusion function for diffusing light propagating through the light guide plate 40 on at least one of the front emission surface 41 and the rear emission facing surface 42. This light diffusing function is given by printing with white dots, roughening, or providing a prism. Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the light guide plate 40 is provided with a concave portion 45 at a position facing the wiring connection portion 31 of the light source substrate 30 in the incident surface 43. The recess 45 is notched from the front surface to the back surface of the light guide plate 40 so as to form a notch surface 47 parallel to the incident surface 43 and a continuous surface 46 linearly continuous from the incident surface 43 to the notch surface 47. ,It is formed.

On the back side of the light guide plate 40, a reflection sheet 60 made of a highly reflective material such as a resin sheet deposited with aluminum or silver or a white resin sheet is provided.
Further, an optical sheet 70 such as a prism sheet having a prism row or a diffusion sheet is provided on the front side of the light guide plate 40. Either one of them, both of them, or neither of them may be provided, and they are selected according to the application.
A display plate 80 is provided on the front side of the light guide plate 40 or on the front side of the optical sheet 70 on the front side of the light guide plate 40. The display plate 80 is provided with an arbitrary pattern by screen printing or a cutting sheet on a light-transmitting resin plate such as acrylic or polycarbonate.

The light source cover 50 is made of resin, metal, or the like, and has a rear surface (a surface opposite to the display plate 80 side and a surface closed by the rear surface of the display plate case 10 by fitting) and a lower surface (fitted to the display plate case 10). A hexahedron-like box having an open surface), and a high reflectance member is provided on the inner surface. Further, the back surface of the light source substrate 30 is fixed to the inner surface of the upper surface facing the opening portion of the lower surface, and the light of the point light source 20 is emitted from this opening portion.
The display panel case 10 is made of a resin, a metal plate, or the like, and is a rear surface of a hexahedron-shaped box body whose front surface (surface on the display plate 80 side) and upper surface (surface on the incident surface 43 side of the light guide plate 40) are opened. The bottom surface (the surface opposite to the display panel 80 side) is extended to the light source cover 50 side.
Therefore, the light source cover 50 is fitted into the opening on the upper surface of the display plate case 10 with the opening on the lower surface, and united with the display plate case 10, thereby forming an outer wall on the upper portion of the display plate case 10. Form a part of
Thus, since the light source cover 50 to which the light source substrate 30 is attached is attached by fitting with the opening of the display panel case 10, the light source cover 50 can be easily attached and detached, and the point light source 20 (or the light source) Replacement of the substrate 30) is facilitated.
In particular, the fitting between the light source cover 50 and the display plate case 10 is performed by the light source cover 50 having no back surface and the display plate case 10 having the extended back surface 10a. The attachment and detachment of the light source cover 50 and the display panel case 10 is not limited to the upper surface lower surface direction, and can be performed in a wide range from the upper surface lower surface direction to the front surface rear surface direction, which is extremely easy. That is, the degree of freedom of attachment / detachment increases. Therefore, it is very easy to replace the point light source 20 (or the light source substrate 30 on which the point light source 20 is mounted).

  The display plate case 10 accommodates the reflection sheet 60, the light guide plate 40, and the optical sheet 70 in this order from the bottom surface side to the front surface side. 80, and the light source cover 50 is fitted to close the upper opening and the upper opening. At this time, the point light source 20 on the light source substrate 30 just faces the incident surface 43 which is one side surface of the light guide plate 40.

  As described above, the point light source 20, the light source substrate 30 on which the point light source 20 is mounted, the reflection sheet 60, the light guide plate 40, the optical sheet 70, the light source cover 50, the display plate case 10, and the lighting control device for the point light source 20 (not shown). ) Etc. to constitute the surface light source device. Further, the display device is configured by adding the display plate 80 to the surface light source device.

Next, the operation of the display device will be described with reference to FIG.
The point light source 20 is turned on by the control device, and the light emitted from the point light source 20 enters the light guide plate 40 directly or via the light source cover 50 from the incident surface 43 of the light guide plate 40. The light incident on the light guide plate 40 mainly propagates in the light guide plate 40 toward the incident facing surface 44 side. In this propagation process, light is emitted from the emission surface 41 by the light diffusion function provided on the emission surface 41 or the emission facing surface 42. The light emitted from the emission surface 41 is irradiated with the display plate 80 after the light distribution is adjusted by the optical sheet 70, and information drawn on the display plate 80 is displayed. The light emitted from the emission facing surface 42 is returned again to the light guide plate 40 by the reflection sheet 60 and then emitted from the emission surface 41.

Further, in the present display device, the light guide plate 40 is provided with a recess 45 in the incident surface 43 at a position facing the wiring connection portion 31 of the light source substrate 30. Therefore, the light guide plate 40 does not interfere with the wiring connection portion 31 and the wiring 35. Further, the point light source 20 and the light guide plate 40 can be arranged close to each other.
When the interval between the point light source 20 and the light guide plate 40 is X, the relationship of the luminance of the surface light source device with respect to the interval X is as shown in FIG. That is, by providing the recess 45 in the light guide plate 40, the distance X between the point light source 20 and the light guide plate 40 can be reduced, so that a high-luminance surface light source device and display device can be obtained.
In addition, the wiring connection portion 35 is installed not on the back surface of the light source substrate 30 but on the mounting surface side of the point light source 20, and the recess 45 is formed on the opposing surface of the conductive plate 40, so that it is formed on the back surface. It is not necessary to provide an installation space for the wiring connection portion 35, and it is possible to prevent a reduction in the ratio of the effective emission surface of the surface light source device (the ratio of the effective emission surface to the entire surface), and the ratio of the effective display surface of the display device (over the entire surface) On the other hand, it is possible to prevent a decrease in the ratio of the effective display surface). In addition, although the part in which the point light source 20 is not mounted arises in the edge part of the light source board | substrate 30, formation of the following recessed part 45 does not reduce the effective output surface.

Further, the angle θ formed by the continuous surface 46 that forms the recess 45 and continues to the incident surface 43 is 90 degrees or more as shown in FIG. By setting the angle to 90 degrees or more, the proportion of light emitted from the point light source 20 and incident on the light guide plate 40 directly reaches the continuous surface 46 is reduced. Good display quality can be obtained.
Further, regarding the continuous surface 46, the following is more desirable.
When the refractive index of the light guide plate 40 is n, the maximum value Φmax of the divergence angle Φ of the light incident from the point light source 20 is obtained by Expression (1). Here, the “divergence angle Φ” is an angle measured from the reference line with a perpendicular line to the incident surface 43 at the starting point where the continuous surface 46 is formed from the incident surface 43 in FIG. .
When the angle θ formed by the continuous surface 46 and the incident surface 43 satisfies the formula (2), the light emitted from the point light source 20 and incident on the light guide plate 40 does not directly reach the continuous surface 46, and is caused by the recess 45. Even better display quality without shadows can be obtained. For example, if the refractive index n of the light guide plate 40 is 1.5, it is desirable that θ be about 132 degrees or more.
Φmax = sin −1 (1 / n) (1)
θ ≧ 90 + Φmax
That is, θ ≧ 90 + sin −1 (1 / n) (2)

As shown in FIG. 2, the recess 45 is provided at one end of the incident surface 43 of the light guide plate 40 so as to face the wiring connection portion 31 (first recess), but is essential for the display device of FIG. 5. As shown in the partial plan view, the recess 45 may be provided so as to be symmetrical with respect to the vertical bisector 105 in the longitudinal direction of the incident surface 43. That is, a first recess and a second recess are provided.
In this way, it is possible to obtain a luminance distribution with little local brightness and a symmetrical symmetry, and a surface light source device and a display device with high display quality can be obtained.

  In addition, although the display device of FIG. 1 is provided with an evacuation guide symbol as a display symbol of the display board 80 and is used as an evacuation guide lamp display device, the display device is not limited to this. Characters and the like are selected according to the purpose and application of the display device, and used for emergency lights, road signs, advertising lights, and the like. Further, the display plate 80 may be a display element such as a liquid crystal display element that can change display contents (display symbols) in accordance with a video signal.

  The display board case 10 has an upper outer wall formed by a light source cover 50 having a light source substrate 30 fixed to the inner surface. The light source cover 50 is also formed by the display board case 10, and the light source substrate 30 is a display board. The display board case 10 may be fixed to the inner surface of the case 10 so that it can be divided as appropriate for the convenience of component replacement such as mounting of internal components, replacement of the light source substrate 30, and repair.

  The surface light source device and display device of the present invention are used as display devices for evacuation guide lights, emergency lights, road signs, advertising lights, and the like as edge light type surface emitting light sources.

It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the display apparatus of this invention. It is a principal part top view of the display apparatus of FIG. It is a fragmentary sectional view of the display apparatus of FIG. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the space | interval of a point light source and a light-guide plate, and the brightness | luminance of a surface light source device. It is a principal part top view of another display apparatus of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

20 point light source, 30 light source substrate, 31 wiring connection part, 40 light guide plate, 43 incident surface, 45 recess, 46 continuous surface, 47 notch surface, 80 display plate.

Claims (5)

  1. A surface including a point light source, a light source substrate on which the point light source is mounted, a side surface as an incident surface, a light source plate that irradiates the front surface with the light of the point light source incident from the incident surface as a surface light source In the light source device,
    A wiring connection part for connecting the point light source to a power source is provided at an end of the mounting surface of the light source substrate on which the point light source is mounted,
    The surface light source device is characterized in that a concave portion is formed on a side surface of the light guide plate at a position facing the wiring connection portion.
  2.   The concave portion formed on the side surface of the light guide plate is a first concave portion, and in the longitudinal direction of the side surface of the light guide plate, the second concave portion is a similar concave portion at the end opposite to the position of the first concave portion. The surface light source device according to claim 1, wherein positions of the first recess and the second recess are symmetrical with respect to a longitudinal direction of an incident surface of the light guide plate.
  3.   The said recessed part is formed by the continuous surface and notch surface which continue to the said incident surface, and made the angle which the said incident surface and the said continuous surface make more than 90 degree | times. The surface light source device described in 1.
  4.   The surface light source device according to claim 3, wherein an angle formed by the incident surface and the continuous surface is equal to or greater than an angle obtained by adding 90 degrees to a maximum spread angle of light incident from the point light source.
  5. 5. A display device that irradiates a display plate with the surface light source device according to claim 1.
JP2003275960A 2003-07-17 2003-07-17 Surface light source device and display device using the same Active JP4143920B2 (en)

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JP2006274579A (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-10-12 Kyowa:Kk Eaves
JP2006307535A (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-09 Kyowa:Kk Pent-roof
JP2009047916A (en) * 2007-08-20 2009-03-05 Meitaku Kogyo Kk Display device
JP2009199871A (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-09-03 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Surface light source device, and display device using surface light source device
KR100966874B1 (en) * 2009-04-27 2010-06-29 삼성전자주식회사 Back light assembly and liquid crystal display comprising the same
JP2010532910A (en) * 2007-06-25 2010-10-14 キユーデイー・ビジヨン・インコーポレーテツド Compositions, optical components, systems, devices and other products containing optical components
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JP2012182136A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-09-20 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Planar light source device, and display device using planar light source device
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US8718437B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2014-05-06 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US8836212B2 (en) 2007-01-11 2014-09-16 Qd Vision, Inc. Light emissive printed article printed with quantum dot ink
US8849087B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2014-09-30 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US8876272B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2014-11-04 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions and methods including depositing nanomaterial
US8981339B2 (en) 2009-08-14 2015-03-17 Qd Vision, Inc. Lighting devices, an optical component for a lighting device, and methods
US9052430B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2015-06-09 Seiko Epson Corporation Illumination apparatus, display apparatus, and electronic device
US9133388B2 (en) 2009-04-28 2015-09-15 Qd Vision, Inc. Optical materials, optical components, and methods
US9140844B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-09-22 Qd Vision, Inc. Optical components, systems including an optical component, and devices
US9167659B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-10-20 Qd Vision, Inc. Solid state lighting devices including quantum confined semiconductor nanoparticles, an optical component for a solid state lighting device, and methods
US9207385B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-12-08 Qd Vision, Inc. Lighting systems and devices including same
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JP2006274579A (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-10-12 Kyowa:Kk Eaves
JP2006307535A (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-09 Kyowa:Kk Pent-roof
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US9297092B2 (en) 2005-06-05 2016-03-29 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US8718437B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2014-05-06 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US10393940B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2019-08-27 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US9874674B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2018-01-23 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US8849087B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2014-09-30 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
US8836212B2 (en) 2007-01-11 2014-09-16 Qd Vision, Inc. Light emissive printed article printed with quantum dot ink
US8876272B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2014-11-04 Qd Vision, Inc. Compositions and methods including depositing nanomaterial
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JP2009047916A (en) * 2007-08-20 2009-03-05 Meitaku Kogyo Kk Display device
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US9140844B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-09-22 Qd Vision, Inc. Optical components, systems including an optical component, and devices
US9946004B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2018-04-17 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Lighting systems and devices including same
US10145539B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2018-12-04 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Solid state lighting devices including quantum confined semiconductor nanoparticles, an optical component for a solid state lighting device, and methods
US10359555B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2019-07-23 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Lighting systems and devices including same
US9207385B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-12-08 Qd Vision, Inc. Lighting systems and devices including same
US9167659B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2015-10-20 Qd Vision, Inc. Solid state lighting devices including quantum confined semiconductor nanoparticles, an optical component for a solid state lighting device, and methods
US10627561B2 (en) 2008-05-06 2020-04-21 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Lighting systems and devices including same
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US9133388B2 (en) 2009-04-28 2015-09-15 Qd Vision, Inc. Optical materials, optical components, and methods
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US9391244B2 (en) 2009-08-14 2016-07-12 Qd Vision, Inc. Lighting devices, an optical component for a lighting device, and methods
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US8944668B2 (en) 2010-08-17 2015-02-03 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Illuminating device, display device, and television receiving device
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US9726812B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2017-08-08 Seiko Epson Corporation Illumination apparatus, display apparatus, and electronic device
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JP2012182136A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-09-20 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Planar light source device, and display device using planar light source device
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