GB2535776A - Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy - Google Patents

Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2535776A
GB2535776A GB1503335.0A GB201503335A GB2535776A GB 2535776 A GB2535776 A GB 2535776A GB 201503335 A GB201503335 A GB 201503335A GB 2535776 A GB2535776 A GB 2535776A
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GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
device
ble
low energy
bluetooth low
locational
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
GB1503335.0A
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GB201503335D0 (en
Inventor
Norman Damerell William
Original Assignee
Norman Damerell William
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Norman Damerell William filed Critical Norman Damerell William
Priority to GB1503335.0A priority Critical patent/GB2535776A/en
Publication of GB201503335D0 publication Critical patent/GB201503335D0/en
Publication of GB2535776A publication Critical patent/GB2535776A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S1/00Beacons or beacon systems transmitting signals having a characteristic or characteristics capable of being detected by non-directional receivers and defining directions, positions, or position lines fixed relatively to the beacon transmitters; Receivers co-operating therewith
    • G01S1/02Beacons or beacon systems transmitting signals having a characteristic or characteristics capable of being detected by non-directional receivers and defining directions, positions, or position lines fixed relatively to the beacon transmitters; Receivers co-operating therewith using radio waves
    • G01S1/04Details
    • G01S1/042Transmitters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/025Services making use of location information using location based information parameters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/025Services making use of location information using location based information parameters
    • H04W4/026Services making use of location information using location based information parameters using orientation information, e.g. compass
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/80Services using short range communication, e.g. near-field communication [NFC], radio-frequency identification [RFID] or low energy communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/02Power saving arrangements
    • H04W52/0209Power saving arrangements in terminal devices
    • H04W52/0225Power saving arrangements in terminal devices using monitoring of external events, e.g. the presence of a signal
    • H04W52/0245Power saving arrangements in terminal devices using monitoring of external events, e.g. the presence of a signal according to signal strength
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/10Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT]
    • Y02D70/14Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks
    • Y02D70/144Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers [IEEE] networks in Bluetooth and Wireless Personal Area Networks [WPAN]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D70/00Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/10Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT]
    • Y02D70/16Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in other wireless communication networks
    • Y02D70/164Techniques for reducing energy consumption in wireless communication networks according to the Radio Access Technology [RAT] in other wireless communication networks in Satellite Navigation receivers

Abstract

A Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Device providing location information via satellite geolocation technology (GNSS) using GPS, GLONASS, or similar, to a receiving device such as a smartphone. Alternatively the device uses a digital compass or gyroscope to determine location. The BLE device uses a low powered beacon protocol, without pairing with the receiving device. In various embodiments the device may be charged wirelessly, or via a physical connection such as a USB socket, or may be powered via a power source such as coin cell batteries.

Description

Back Ground Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) devices can be used as tags and locating beacons to enable users to detect track and sense the conditions of their assets and their environment. BLE tags are generally battery powered and are paired to the user's mobile phone, the constant exchange of information required by the pairing method drains the batteries of both the tag and the phone during this process. The embodiment of this invention uses non pairing beacon only communication which when combined with further operational modes drastically reduces the power drain on the system.

The existing method of locating BLE devices is via their beacon, in order to achieve this quickly a fast beaconing rate must be used, and this results in substantial power drain and dramatically reduces the battery life of the product. An approach to reduce this effect is to beacon only on movement, this can be helpful if your asset is moving, however if the asset is static this does not work.

The searching device reports the associated power it receives from the target device, this can be in the form of RSSI (Received signal strength Indicator) or in dB.This value does not provide an exact location because it does not include any form of directional information. The embodiment of this invention provides extremely accurate location of the target BLE device without the power draining penalties of existing methods.

The unique combination within the embodiment of this invention is low power operation of the BLE devices with the increased locational accuracy.

Description of the Embodiment

The embodiment of this invention operates using a beacon only protocol which use substantially less power than pairing. Furthermore due to the novel mode of operation within the embodiment it can be put into a state where it beacons at its predetermined rate without having to be driven from the microprocessor (uP). This state allows the uP and ancillary components to remain in their lowest power configuration greatly reducing battery drain.

Within this Non paired autonomous transmit state the device can also receive additional data from a other BLE devices within range, this in turn can be used as the trigger for the target device to perform additional sensory and or location measurements.

The RSSI locational information is non directional and can best be described as concentric rings moving outwards from the BLE device, any receiving BLE device at the same distance from the transmitting device will read the same RSSI figure 1.

The embodiment of this invention can use a plurality of location technologies, the following are examples of which.

1) The embodiment can include an electronic Gyroscope and or an electronic compass, the coordinates from which can be transmitted via the embodiments beacon back to any BLE receiving device. The receiving device can compare the coordinates with its own and when combining them with the RSSI can use this to deduce the bearings of the beaconing device, figure 2.

2) One of the most accurate location technologies is GNSS (GPS). These systems use large amounts of power when they are acquiring their initial Satellite fix, this first fix is known as a cold start and can typically take 30 seconds, data collected during a cold start is known as the ephemeris data. Once acquired the GNSS system power requirements normally halve, even so the power requirement for operating a GNSS unit within the embodiment would consume an order of magnitude more current if operated in this manner. Using its unique beaconing low powered beaconing protocol the embodiment can provide locational information when a request is sent to it from another BLE device. This request can include the ephemeris data which enables the embodiment to perform a hot start which typically takes 1 second and by comparison uses 50 times less power than a cold start.

GB1503335.0A 2015-02-27 2015-02-27 Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy Pending GB2535776A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1503335.0A GB2535776A (en) 2015-02-27 2015-02-27 Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1503335.0A GB2535776A (en) 2015-02-27 2015-02-27 Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB201503335D0 GB201503335D0 (en) 2015-04-15
GB2535776A true GB2535776A (en) 2016-08-31

Family

ID=52876232

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1503335.0A Pending GB2535776A (en) 2015-02-27 2015-02-27 Bluetooth low energy power saving and locational accurracy

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2535776A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2640790A1 (en) * 2017-04-04 2017-11-06 Stanislas Louis ALEXANDRE KARNKOWSKI Procedure for the detection and virtual representation of action activities
CN109471421A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-03-15 中国空间技术研究院 A kind of satellite control system gyro signal source and excitation producing method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140370917A1 (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-12-18 SSI America, Inc. Locator beacon and radar application for mobile device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140370917A1 (en) * 2012-11-15 2014-12-18 SSI America, Inc. Locator beacon and radar application for mobile device

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"TrackR Bravo" available from https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/trackr-bravo-the-thinnest-tracking-device-ever--2#/ [Accessed 03/12/2015] *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2640790A1 (en) * 2017-04-04 2017-11-06 Stanislas Louis ALEXANDRE KARNKOWSKI Procedure for the detection and virtual representation of action activities
CN109471421A (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-03-15 中国空间技术研究院 A kind of satellite control system gyro signal source and excitation producing method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB201503335D0 (en) 2015-04-15

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