GB2481841A - Trigonometrical angle plate - Google Patents

Trigonometrical angle plate Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2481841A
GB2481841A GB201011538A GB201011538A GB2481841A GB 2481841 A GB2481841 A GB 2481841A GB 201011538 A GB201011538 A GB 201011538A GB 201011538 A GB201011538 A GB 201011538A GB 2481841 A GB2481841 A GB 2481841A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
plate
angle
dowel
trigonometrical
blocks
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Granted
Application number
GB201011538A
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GB201011538D0 (en
GB2481841B (en
Inventor
Henry William Bonner
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Henry William Bonner
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Publication date
Application filed by Henry William Bonner filed Critical Henry William Bonner
Priority to GB1011538.4A priority Critical patent/GB2481841B/en
Publication of GB201011538D0 publication Critical patent/GB201011538D0/en
Publication of GB2481841A publication Critical patent/GB2481841A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q16/00Equipment for precise positioning of tool or work into particular locations not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q16/00Equipment for precise positioning of tool or work into particular locations not otherwise provided for
    • B23Q16/007Positioning by sine tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/04Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part adjustable in inclination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/10Auxiliary devices, e.g. bolsters, extension members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/10Auxiliary devices, e.g. bolsters, extension members
    • B23Q3/106Auxiliary devices, e.g. bolsters, extension members extendable members, e.g. extension members

Abstract

A trigonometrical angel / fixture plate arrangement, typically for use with milling or CNC machines, comprises a surface/plate 1 having four dowel holes 4, 5, 6, mounting / support blocks 2 and support strap / strip / stay components 3. At one end of plate 1 dowel locations 4 connect the plate to the two mounting blocks 2, and the two support straps 3 are connected to plate 1 by dowel locations 5 and to mounting blocks 2 by dowel locations 5. All dowel holes are a precise distance apart, so as to create a desired angle between the blocks 2 and the fixture plate via hinged datum (4, Fig 2), creating an angle α (7) in accordance with the trigonometric relationship D = 2C Sin ½ α, where D is strap length (see fig 2), and C is the distance between hinge /dowel location 4 and dowel location 5. The plate 1 and mounting blocks 2 are made from high strength aluminium and the straps 3 are made from strip steel.

Description

TRIGONOMETRICAL ANGLE PLATE
This invention relates to an angle plate as used in an engineering machine shop.
Most milling machines, now generally referred to as CNC machining centres, have a spindle operating either in a fixed vertical axis, or a fixed horizontal axis. However, many machining operations are set at an oblique angle to the primary XYZ axes. In order to achieve this, the workpiece is mounted on either (1) a special purpose fixture which is itself machined at an angle or (2) an adjustable angle plate which is set by the operator to the required angle.
A conventional angle plate has two main components, usually made from cast iron, broadly similar to each other, which are attached to each other by two large close fitting shouldered bolts.
In order to adjust the angle plate to the desired setting, the bolts are released and the top surface plate can then be rotated about the horizontal axis. The hinge boss of the base plate is usually calibrated in degrees around its circumference, facilitating an approximate setting. For better accuracy one would use a sine bar, being a precison instrument, comprising a ground rectangular steel bar with two rollers attached to it, a precise dimension apart (e.g. 5.0000" or 127mm). To create a precise angle, a spacer made of slip gauges is placed under one of the rollers. For example, to create an angle of 27.5 deg, the slip gauge dimension would be 5 x sin27.5 = 2.309" = 58.64mm. The sine bar and slips are then mounted on the angle plate with the aid of a stop to prevent the apparatus sliding off, and finally a dial clock can be traversed over the surface of the : sine bar, and the table adjusted until the deflection is zero. Next, the workpiece is clamped to the top plate, and aligned with zero XYZ datums. Finally machining can commence.
* ****. * .
The DISADVANTAGES with this system are as follows:-**s * * S...
* 1. Cast iron angle plates are heavy, cumbersome and unwieldy.
*5.S** * . 2. The height between the base and the top is considerable, resulting in a massive : :* loss of available spindle travel in a vertical machine.
* 3. On a turret type mill, where the table overhangs the saddle on either side, as the C of G of the table + angle plate + workpiece moves outside the saddle, the table tips by the amount of the clearance in the slideways, and the height of the angle plate + workpiece creates large positioning errors.
4. Setting up the angle plate with the sine bar is slow and laborious. Once the workpiece is attached, it is often impossible to recheck the setting, and since the setting is only held by clamping friction, there is no guarantee that movement will not take place under machining loads or vibration.
5. Allignment to XYZ datums is invariably difficult, because the datum of the workpiece is likely to refer to the base, from which the portion being machined at an angle is dimensioned. However, the base is now itself at an angle, and out of sight, making for considerable difficulties for the operator in establishing where the datums are in relation to the workpiece as he now sees it.
* 6. If a number of operations are required at various different angles, the aforementioned procedure has to be carried out for each setting.
STATEMENT OF INVENTION
To overcome this, the present invention proposes an aluminium plate with four dowel holes, two at each end, accurately positioned about the centreline of the plate and a precise distance apart = C. To this plate are attached two aluminium blocks with matching dowel holes, but offset from the block centreline vertically upwards. The plate is dowelled and bolted to the blocks at the front.
At the rear are attached two steel strips with holes accurately machined at either end of a precise diameter to fit the dowels at a precise distance apart = D. One end of each strip is bolted and dowelled to the rear of each block, and the other end is bolted and dowelled to the rear of the plate.
Thus the angle of the plate now a Where sin Y2 a /2 DIC Or D = 2Csin%a The blocks are now bolted at each end direct to the machine table.
The ADVANTAGES of this system are * :. * 1. For any given angle of the plate, a, there exists a unique centre distance * for the dowel holes in the stays. By the same argument, a pair of stays set for a specific angle will always create that angle. For example, a pair of 35 deg stays will always create a 35 deg angle, without further adjustment or * inspection. Therefore, if machining a component calls for a number of * different angles to be set up, the stays applicable to the required angles * *, can be prepared in advance, and then the plate can be rapidly set to the * * exact angle by simply attaching the correct stay. *S.
2. This process is repeatable with the same accuracy over and again for an indefinite number of times.
3. Given a set of coordinates in the plane of the base of a component, another set of coordinates dimensioned from an oblique axis can be accurately and quickly established and repeated.
4. Once the base blocks are bolted to a machine table, the entire structure is rigid.
5. The structure employs the minimum number of components to achieve rigidity.
6. The structure is light in weight by comparison to its strength.
7. Preferably the plate and base blocks are made of high strength aluminium.
8. Preferably the support straps are made of steel strip.
iNTRODUCTION to DRAWINGS
Figure 1 shows the fixture plate at an inclined angle. The plate (1) is attached at its front edge with hollow dowels and bolts to support blocks (2). It is supported at the rear by straps (3), which are also attached with hollow dowels and bolts.
Figure 2 shows a typical application for the trigonometrical plate.
Figure 3 shows how it is possible to utilise the system for shallow angles. Here the length of strap (3) is so short that interference occurs between the bolt (4) and block (2), or the bolt (5) and plate (1). In these circumstances a lower dowel location (10) solves the problem.
Figure 4 shows an alternative layout where there is no discontinuity from a 0 deg upwards to deg and beyond. In this example the strap is accessible from the outside.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
: UseFigurel.
:": A machine fixture plate (1) with dowel holes precision machined in each end at a precise distance apart. A pair of mounting blocks(2), with dowel holes(4) & (5) at the same precise distance * e apart. *0s*
A pair of stays (3) with dowel holes (5) & (6) at each end at a precise distance apart. When : assembled and attached to a machine table, a rigid structure whose surface is at a precise angle to
the table. * ** * I I I.. *
I I..
I
EXAMPLE 1
Use Figure 2 A block (8) requires to have a surface (9) machined at an angle a (7), distance J from the base along axis L. Holes (11) are required to be drilled and tapped to coordinates which are relative to axisL.
The coordinates of the base of the block are relative to axis M. The trigonometrical plate is initially set up horizontally. Holes (10) are drilled, reamed and tapped, such that axis M will lie a distance E from the hinge datum (4).
The hinge datum (4) lies a distance F below the plate surface and a distance K from the plate edge. Preferably, for ease of set up, K F. Two straps (3) are selected to create angle a (7). In order to achieve this, the pitch of the dowel holes (5) & (6) is dimension D where D = 2C Sin /2 a The block can now be attached to the plate in position using dowels and bolts (10).
The top surface can now be machined according to height dimension B and holes drilled and tapped according to horizontal offset dimension A. ***..* * Dimensions A and B are relative to hinge datum (4) where *..* AEcoscx -Fsina * * BEsincx +Fcosa +J * ** * . S S.. S
*:. EXAMPLE2
Use Figure 3 The invention as described will not work at very small angles due to interference of components.
To overcome this, the mounting blocks are machined with a cutout (12), and the lower strap attachment point is relocated at position (12), such that a = 0 deg is obtained by strap length D where D = 2Csin Y2 J3 Therefore, to create a shallow angle a, D = 2Csin'/2(a+13) For example, if C = 127mm 13 = 10 deg a = 5 deg D =2 X 127 sin /2( 10 +5) = 33.154 mm
EXAMPLE 3
Use Figure 4 Figure 4 depicts an alternative layout where the calculation to arrive at length D in order to achieve angle a is again as in Example 2: D = 2C sin V2 (a + ).
This remains true at any angle. In this example the straps and the bolts securing them are accessible from the outside.
S
S * S
S
**S.SS * S S... * . S...
***S..
S I * SS * S I 55* S S.
S

Claims (5)

  1. CLAIMS1. A trigonometrical plate, with dowel holes in each end, mounting blocks with dowel holes, stays with dowel holes, such that, when assembled, the angle of the plate is set at a precise angle to the base.
  2. 2. A trigonometrical plate as in claim 1, in which the dowel holes are offset, but the coordinates known, enabling an accurate prediction of the angle of the plate.
  3. 3. A trigonometrical plate constructed from any material.
  4. 4. A trigonometrical plate where the dowel holes lie outside the cross-section of the plate.
  5. 5. A trigonometrical plate where the dowel holes lie outside the cross-section of the base mounting blocks.SS..... * SS* *05e5 * S S'S. * S *.*SS..... * S * S. * S S *.. SS *.SSL
GB1011538.4A 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Trigonometrical angle plate Active GB2481841B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1011538.4A GB2481841B (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Trigonometrical angle plate

Publications (3)

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GB201011538D0 GB201011538D0 (en) 2010-08-25
GB2481841A true GB2481841A (en) 2012-01-11
GB2481841B GB2481841B (en) 2015-06-17

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104029029A (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-09-10 上海尊优自动化设备有限公司 Clamp for processing multi-angle inclined planes
CN104128817A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-05 梧州市旺捷机械制造有限公司 Connecting seat drilling clamp
CN105127792A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 大连理工大学 Clamp special for drilling, milling and cutting carbon fiber composite material
CN105149977A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 河南飞龙(芜湖)汽车零部件有限公司 Clamp for machining inclined holes of dish-cover type part
CN105364127A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-02 苏州创丰精密五金有限公司 Auxiliary jig for punching oblique hole
CN105364532A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-02 重庆志成机械有限公司 Angle-adjustable valve positioning mechanism
CN105537979A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Working table device allowing angle to be adjusted according to needs
CN105537978A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Angle adjustable workbench component capable of operating stably and reliably
CN105537977A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Machining workbench device capable of adjusting angle
CN105598712A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-25 郑静 Work table with adjustable angle
CN105643578A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-06-08 义乌市寿根工艺品有限公司 Working table used for carrying out machining and allowing angle to be adjusted
CN105729430A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-07-06 莫焕东 Operating platform used for mechanical equipment and having adjustable angle
CN106346272A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-25 杭州凯美模具有限公司 Angle table and operation method thereof
CN105127787B (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-07-20 浙江东新动力有限公司 A kind of six face processing tools and six method for processing surface of diesel-engine body
CN110142619A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-08-20 马鞍山市中天机械制造安装有限公司 A kind of blast furnace cooling stave special fixture

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107598618A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-19 陈小龙 Automobile gear shift case casting rat holing quick clamping mechanism
CN107627124A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-26 陈小龙 A kind of Special drill frock

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2473932A1 (en) * 1980-01-22 1981-07-24 Florange Guilliot Expl Ets A Inclinable turntable for mounting workpiece - uses hydraulic ram to pivot table about tangent hinge retained by packing and elbow prop.
US4466601A (en) * 1982-05-06 1984-08-21 Raines James G Holding fixture for drilling oblique holes
DD301867A9 (en) * 1990-07-02 1994-06-01 Magdeburg Baustoffmasch Gmbh Method and device for deburring metallic and non-metallic workpieces
JP2004082249A (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-03-18 Honda Motor Co Ltd Work tilting device
KR20100012423A (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-08 김춘식 Jig capable adjusting angle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2473932A1 (en) * 1980-01-22 1981-07-24 Florange Guilliot Expl Ets A Inclinable turntable for mounting workpiece - uses hydraulic ram to pivot table about tangent hinge retained by packing and elbow prop.
US4466601A (en) * 1982-05-06 1984-08-21 Raines James G Holding fixture for drilling oblique holes
DD301867A9 (en) * 1990-07-02 1994-06-01 Magdeburg Baustoffmasch Gmbh Method and device for deburring metallic and non-metallic workpieces
JP2004082249A (en) * 2002-08-26 2004-03-18 Honda Motor Co Ltd Work tilting device
KR20100012423A (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-08 김춘식 Jig capable adjusting angle

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104029029A (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-09-10 上海尊优自动化设备有限公司 Clamp for processing multi-angle inclined planes
CN104128817A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-05 梧州市旺捷机械制造有限公司 Connecting seat drilling clamp
CN104128817B (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-09-07 梧州市旺捷机械制造有限公司 Connect seat drill jig
CN105127787B (en) * 2015-09-18 2018-07-20 浙江东新动力有限公司 A kind of six face processing tools and six method for processing surface of diesel-engine body
CN105127792A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 大连理工大学 Clamp special for drilling, milling and cutting carbon fiber composite material
CN105149977A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 河南飞龙(芜湖)汽车零部件有限公司 Clamp for machining inclined holes of dish-cover type part
CN105364532A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-02 重庆志成机械有限公司 Angle-adjustable valve positioning mechanism
CN105364127A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-02 苏州创丰精密五金有限公司 Auxiliary jig for punching oblique hole
CN105537977A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Machining workbench device capable of adjusting angle
CN105598712A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-25 郑静 Work table with adjustable angle
CN105643578A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-06-08 义乌市寿根工艺品有限公司 Working table used for carrying out machining and allowing angle to be adjusted
CN105729430A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-07-06 莫焕东 Operating platform used for mechanical equipment and having adjustable angle
CN105537978A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Angle adjustable workbench component capable of operating stably and reliably
CN105537979A (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-05-04 郑静 Working table device allowing angle to be adjusted according to needs
CN106346272A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-25 杭州凯美模具有限公司 Angle table and operation method thereof
CN106346272B (en) * 2016-11-01 2018-11-09 杭州凯美模具有限公司 A kind of angular table and its operating method
CN110142619A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-08-20 马鞍山市中天机械制造安装有限公司 A kind of blast furnace cooling stave special fixture

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Publication number Publication date
GB2481841B (en) 2015-06-17
GB201011538D0 (en) 2010-08-25

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