GB2472265A - Apparatus for repairing pipes - Google Patents

Apparatus for repairing pipes Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2472265A
GB2472265A GB0913408A GB0913408A GB2472265A GB 2472265 A GB2472265 A GB 2472265A GB 0913408 A GB0913408 A GB 0913408A GB 0913408 A GB0913408 A GB 0913408A GB 2472265 A GB2472265 A GB 2472265A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
pipe
chamber
housing
part
configured
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB0913408A
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GB0913408D0 (en
GB2472265B (en
Inventor
John Francis Steeple Heffernan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NLB ENGINEERING Ltd
Original Assignee
NLB ENGINEERING Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by NLB ENGINEERING Ltd filed Critical NLB ENGINEERING Ltd
Priority to GB0913408A priority Critical patent/GB2472265B/en
Publication of GB0913408D0 publication Critical patent/GB0913408D0/en
Priority claimed from PCT/GB2010/051252 external-priority patent/WO2011012899A2/en
Publication of GB2472265A publication Critical patent/GB2472265A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2472265B publication Critical patent/GB2472265B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L41/00Branching pipes; Joining pipes to walls
    • F16L41/04Tapping pipe walls, i.e. making connections through the walls of pipes while they are carrying fluids; Fittings therefor
    • F16L41/06Tapping pipe walls, i.e. making connections through the walls of pipes while they are carrying fluids; Fittings therefor making use of attaching means embracing the pipe
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K43/00Auxiliary closure means in valves, which in case of repair, e.g. rewashering, of the valve, can take over the function of the normal closure means; Devices for temporary replacement of parts of valves for the same purpose
    • F16K43/001Auxiliary closure means in valves, which in case of repair, e.g. rewashering, of the valve, can take over the function of the normal closure means; Devices for temporary replacement of parts of valves for the same purpose an auxiliary valve being actuated independently of the main valve
    • F16K43/003Auxiliary closure means in valves, which in case of repair, e.g. rewashering, of the valve, can take over the function of the normal closure means; Devices for temporary replacement of parts of valves for the same purpose an auxiliary valve being actuated independently of the main valve the auxiliary valve being a rotary valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L47/00Connecting arrangements or other fittings specially adapted to be made of plastics or to be used with pipes made of plastics
    • F16L47/26Connecting arrangements or other fittings specially adapted to be made of plastics or to be used with pipes made of plastics for branching pipes; for joining pipes to walls; Adaptors therefor
    • F16L47/34Tapping pipes, i.e. making connections through walls of pipes while carrying fluids; Fittings therefor
    • F16L47/345Tapping pipes, i.e. making connections through walls of pipes while carrying fluids; Fittings therefor making use of attaching means embracing the pipe
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • F16L55/10Means for stopping flow from or in pipes or hoses
    • F16L55/1018Pivoting closing devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L55/00Devices or appurtenances for use in, or in connection with, pipes or pipe systems
    • F16L55/10Means for stopping flow from or in pipes or hoses
    • F16L55/105Closing devices introduced radially into the pipe or hose

Abstract

Apparatus 10 for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe comprises a housing 40 configured to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled. The housing 40 comprises a first part 42 defining a chamber 48 configured to receive the portion of the pipe, and a second part 70 extending from the first part 42, the second part 70 defining a stowage space 72 adjacent the chamber 48. A flow control device 100 is moveable from a stowed position in the stowage space 72 to an installed position in the chamber 48 for selectively controlling flow through the housing 40. The flow control device 100 comprises a body 102 having a leading end 104 defining a cutting surface 110 for removing a section of the pipe enclosed by the housing 40 as the flow control device 100 moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device 100 when in the installed position. A rotary drive mechanism 150 moves the flow control device 100 from the stowed position to the installed position in response to a rotary input.

Description

TITLE: APPARATUS FOR REPAIRING AND UPGRADING PIPES

DESCRIPTION

The present invention relates broadly to apparatus for use with pipes for conveying fluid (e.g. liquid or gas) and particularly, but not exclusively, to apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes when in use conveying *S..

fluid (e.g. pressurised fluid) * S. SSS * It is often necessary in domestic and construction applications to repair or upgrade a section of pipe for conveying fluid around a system. For example, it may be necessary to repair a ruptured section of pipe or to fit a S...

valve mechanism along a section of pipe close to a component in a system that is to be serviced and does not have its own isolation valve. Generally it has in the past been necessary to shut off the fluid supply upstream of the section of pipe. This may be problematic since it may not always be possible or convenient. For example, an upstream isolation valve may be jammed open, may be leaking, or may be remote from the location of the section of pipe and may undesirably prevent fluid flow to other locations. Furthermore, isolating the fluid supply upstream of the section of pipe will not prevent residual fluid downstream of the isolation valve from undesirably leaking from the section of pipe when removed with consequential loss of fluid.

There exist means by which pipes may be frozen to form an "ice plug" to allow maintenance of a system to take place downstream of the plug. However, this method is only suitable for fluids such as water that can be frozen easily and does not lend itself to fluids such as gas or oil. Furthermore, it can take some considerable time to form the plug and to thaw the plug for system testing or operation to subsequently take place after maintenance is completed. Although techniques for cutting sections of pipe have been proposed without isolating the *SSeS.

* fluid supply, to the present applicant's knowledge none of : ... 20 the techniques proposed have been successfully adopted to S..

* date. Examples of such prior art include US 3,687,166 and S...

****** US 1, 989,768.

US 3,687,166 discloses a control valve which is configured to be introduced into a pipe filled with fluid, the control valve comprising an assembly configured to move linearly to slice through the pipe during installation and in use form a linear gate valve for sealing against a split gasket to isolate flow through the pipe.

US 1,989,768 discloses apparatus for inserting a valve into a pipe, the apparatus comprising a sealable housing containing a pipe cutter for cutting a section of pipe and assembling a pair of slidable flanges about the pipe for receiving a valve after the cut section of pipe has been removed. The valve is sealably coupled to the pipe by connecting flanges located on the valve with the slidable flanges assembled about the pipe.

The present applicant has identified the need for improved apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes without closing fluid supply upstream in the system which are physically more compact, cheaper to manufacture and easier to install than arrangements known in the prior art. Furthermore, the present applicant has identified the need for improved apparatus for use with pressurised pipes for conveying pressurised fluid such as water, oil, **I.

* gases and refrigerants.

*.. *SS * In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided apparatus for controlling flow *** * of fluid through a pipe, comprising: a housing configured *::::* to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled, the housing comprising: a first part defining a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a second part extending from the first part, the second part defining a stowage space adjacent the chamber; a flow control device moveable from a stowed position in the stowage space to an installed position in the chamber for selectively controlling flow through the housing, the flow control device comprising a body having a leading end defining a cutting surface for removing a section of the pipe enclosed by the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device when in the installed position; and a rotary drive mechanism for moving the flow control device from the stowed position to the installed position in response to a rotary input; wherein, when the flow control device is in the installed position, the body is selectively configurable between an open configuration for permitting flow through the housing and a closed configuration for substantially preventing flow through the housing.

In this way an isolation device is provided which may be introduced quickly and permanently into a pressurised pipe without the need to shut off fluid supply upstream of the pipe. Advantageously, the provision of a control device which is configurable between an open and closed configuration when in its installed position allows the S. S size of the apparatus and flow adjustment time to be * S..

minimised. A further advantage to installing a ready-assembled valve (e.g. shut off valve) is that the seal type may be of a proven design and avoids the need to provide a dynamic seal against a split gasket.

In one embodiment, the apparatus is configured to sealably enclose the portion of the pipe. In this way, the apparatus may be used to install the flow control device when the pipe is filled with fluid.

In one embodiment the second part comprises a collar configured to be removable from the first part when the flow control device is in the installed position. In this way, once the flow control device is in the installed position the collar can be removed to leave only the first part of the housing in place. Advantageously, this allows the size of the apparatus once installed to be significantly minimised. The size of the apparatus is important in both domestic pipe lines (which are often visible and held away from walls on stanchions by a fixed (limited) distance) and in commercial pipelines which may require excavation f or repair. The removable collar may be re-used to install a further flow control device so as to reduce the number of necessary components for multiple installations and thereby save costs.

In one embodiment the cutting surface is configured to rotate relative to the housing as the flow control device S..... * S

moves from the stowed position to the installed position.

Advantageously a rotary cutting action may more effectively *5S divide the section of pipe and achieve removal of the S...

section within a reduced blade depth relative to a linear cutting device. Furthermore, the cutting surface may be configured to form the opening in the pipe defining a pair of opposed curved (e.g. circular) sealing faces for sealing against a cylindrical portion of the body when the flow control device is in the installed position. In one embodiment the cutting surface has a pair of circumferentially-spaced curved blades forming a scalloped profile. In another embodiment the cutting surface comprises a plurality of circumferentially-spaced teeth.

Advantageously, such a saw-tooth arrangement may be particularly suited to cut hard or thick sectioned pipe materials.

In one embodiment, the leading end further comprises a compression surface configured to compress the section of pipe following cutting of the pipe by the cutting surface.

Advantageously this allows the size of the removed section of pipe (which will be stored in the first part of the housing) to be minimised to reduce the size of the first part of the housing. The compression surface may be configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face. In this way compression of the section of pipe may be achieved whilst using a cutting surface S..

having a blade depth which is less than the depth (e.g. diameter) of the section of pipe.

In one embodiment the first part further comprises a S..

compartment adjacent the chamber for receiving the leading *...

end of the flow control device and removed section of pipe when the flow control device is in the installed position.

In the case that the leading end comprises a compression surface configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face, the compartment may have a depth which is less than substantially 70% of a corresponding depth of the chamber. In one embodiment the compartment may have a depth of less than substantially 60% of the corresponding depth of the chamber. In one embodiment the compartment may have a depth of less than substantially 50% of the corresponding depth of the chamber. In one embodiment the compartment may have a depth of less than substantially 40% of the corresponding depth of the chamber.

In one embodiment the flow control device comprises an open bore extending through the body. The flow control device may further comprise a valve configurable between a first configuration for allowing fluid to pass through the open bore and a second configuration for substantially preventing fluid from passing through the open bore and an actuator for controlling the valve. The flow control device may further comprise a pair of opposed seals for forming a sealed passageway between opposed ends of the *S*.

pipe and the open bore. The actuator may comprise a rotary actuator. The valve may be selectively configurable between the open configuration and the closed configuration S..

in response to a 90 degree rotary input. In one S...

.... embodiment, the valve comprises a rotatable ball valve.

In one embodiment the body has a trailing end having a substantially cylindrical outer surface and the second part defines a sleeve having a cylindrical inner surface for receiving the body.

The rotary drive mechanism may comprise a pair of interengaging screw-threaded portions. In one embodiment the interengaging screw-threaded portions are located on the inner surface of the second part and the outer surface of the trailing end of the body respectively.

The first part may comprises a two-part casing. For example, the first part may comprise an upper casing part and a lower casing part. The two-part cases may be clamped together once positioned around the portion of pipe.

The chamber may be elongate. In one embodiment the chamber is substantially cylindrical. For example, the chamber may be configured to be a fluid-tight fit around the section of the pipe.

In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided apparatus for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe, comprising: a housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled, the housing comprising: a first part defining a chamber configured to receive the portion of the *S..

pipe; and a second part extending from the first part, the second part defining a stowage space adjacent the chamber; * 20 a flow control device moveable from a stowed position in the stowage space to an installed position in the chamber for selectively controlling flow through the housing, the flow control device comprising a body having a leading end defining a cutting surface for removing a section of the pipe enclosed by the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device when in the installed position; and a rotary drive mechanism for moving the flow control device from the stowed position to the installed position in response to a rotary input; wherein the cutting surface is configured to rotate relative to the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position.

In one embodiment the cutting surface has a pair of circumferentially-spaced curved blades forming a scalloped profile. In another embodiment the cutting surface comprises a plurality of circumferentially-spaced teeth.

In one embodiment, the leading end further comprises a compression surface configured to compress the section of pipe following cutting of the pipe by the cutting surface.

The compression surface may be configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face.

In one embodiment the first part further comprises a compartment adjacent the chamber for receiving the leading end of the flow control device and removed section of pipe * * when the flow control device is in the installed position.

In the case that the leading end comprises a compression surface configured to compress an upper part of the section * *** of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face, the compartment may have a depth which is less than 70% of a corresponding depth of the chamber. In one embodiment the compartment may have a depth of approximately 60% of the corresponding depth of the chamber.

In one embodiment the body has a trailing end having a substantially cylindrical outer surface and the second part defines a sleeve having a cylindrical inner surface for receiving the body.

The rotary drive mechanism may comprise a pair of interengaging screw-threaded portions. In one embodiment the interengaging screw-threaded portions are located on the inner surface of the second part and the outer surface of the trailing end of the body respectively.

The first part may comprises a two-part casing. For example, the first part may comprise an upper casing part and a lower casing part. The two-part cases may be clamped together once positioned around the portion of pipe.

The chamber may be elongate. In one embodiment the chamber is substantially cylindrical. For example, the chamber may be configured to be a fluid-tight fit around the section of the pipe.

In accordance with a third aspect of the present ***.

invention, there is provided a pipe insert for forming a sealed connection across a gap in a pipeline between spaced exposed pipe ends, comprising a housing for conveying fluid S..

between spaced exposed pipe ends, the housing including: a S...

first part having a first end for sealably engaging a first exposed pipe end; and a second part having a second end for sealably engaging a second exposed pipe end spaced from the first exposed pipe end, the first and second parts being configurable to vary the relative spacing between the first and second ends between a retracted configuration to allow the apparatus to be positioned in a gap in a pipeline and an extended configuration for forming a sealed connection between spaced exposed pipe ends; wherein the first and second parts are biased to be in the extended configuration.

In this way, an improved pipe insert is provided which is self-sealing once positioned between spaced exposed ends of a pipeline. Advantageously, such a pipe insert may significantly simplify installation into pipes filled with fluid since it is not necessary to attempt to attach fixings (e.g. slidable flanges) to the exposed pipe ends through a sealed housing enclosing the pipeline.

In one embodiment, the first and second parts are biased in the extended configuration by a resilient element. In one embodiment, the resilient element comprises a spring.

In one embodiment, the first and second parts are releasably lockable in one or more of the retracted S...

configuration and expanded configuration.

In one embodiment, the first end comprises a first * :" 20 collar for sealably receiving a portion of the first *5* exposed pipe end. In addition, or in another embodiment, the second end comprises a second collar for sealably receiving a portion of the second exposed pipe end.

In one embodiment, the pipe insert further comprises a peripheral gripping surface located on the first end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the first exposed pipe end. For example, in the case of a first end comprising a first collar for sealably receiving a portion of the first exposed pipe end, the peripheral gripping surface may be configured to grip an outer periphery of the first exposed pipe end. The peripheral gripping surface may be configured to ease removal of the pipe insert (e.g. by angling the gripping surface). The peripheral gripping surface may comprise a plurality of discrete gripping elements. In one embodiment, the peripheral gripping surface comprises a gripping ring. In addition, or in another embodiment, the pipe insert further comprises a peripheral gripping surface located on the second end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the second exposed pipe end. For example, in the case of a second end comprising a second collar for sealably receiving a portion of the second exposed pipe end, the peripheral gripping surface may be configured to grip an outer periphery of the second exposed pipe end. The peripheral gripping surface *.S.

may be configured to ease removal of the pipe insert (e.g. by angling the gripping surface). The peripheral gripping : 20 surface may comprise a plurality of discrete gripping I..

S elements. In one embodiment, the peripheral gripping * ** surface comprises a gripping ring. *S **

* *1 In one embodiment, the first and second parts have interengageable profiles. For example, the second part may be configured to receive (e.g. slidably receive) the first part, whereby the first and second parts are configurable between the retracted and extended configurations by relative movement between the first and second parts.

In one embodiment, the pipe insert comprises a valve for controlling flow of fluid through the housing, the valve being configurable between an open configuration for permitting flow through the housing and a closed S configuration f or substantially preventing flow through the housing. The valve may be controlled by means of an actuator (e.g. a rotary actuator) extending through the housing. In one embodiment, the valve comprises a rotatable ball valve. In that the first and second parts have interengageable profiles and the second part is configured to receive (e.g. slidably receive) the first part, the valve may be housed in the second part.

In accordance with a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kit of parts for installing a pipe insert into a pipeline, comprising: an installation housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe, the installation housing comprising: a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a passageway extending from the chamber; a pipe cutter for cutting a section from the portion of pipe received in the chamber, whereby the cut section of pipe once removed leaves a gap between a : first exposed end of the pipe and a second exposed end of the pipe spaced from the first exposed end; a pipe insert for forming a sealed connection in the gap between the * * 25 spaced first and second exposed ends of the pipe once the section of pipe has been removed, the pipe insert being initially stowed in the passageway; and an exchange mechanism for withdrawing the section of pipe cut by the pipe cutter from the chamber and inserting the pipe insert into the chamber between the spaced first and second exposed ends of the pipe for installation therebetween.

In one embodiment, the pipe insert comprises a housing for conveying fluid between the spaced exposed ends of the pipe, the housing including: a first part having a first end for sealably engaging the first exposed end of the pipe; and a second part having a second end for sealably engaging the second exposed end of the pipe spaced from the first exposed end, the first and second parts being configurable to vary the relative spacing between the first and second ends between a retracted configuration to allow the apparatus to be positioned in the gap in the pipe and an extended configuration for forming a sealed connection between the first and second exposed ends of the pipe; and the first and second parts are biased to be in the extended configuration.

Advantageously, the use of a self-sealing pipe insert I,. means that no further fitting is required after the installation housing is removed, thereby speeding up installation and making the use pipe inserts of relatively small dimensions possible. Furthermore, the use of the S..

self-sealing pipe insert may significantly reduce the S...

number of components required to couple the pipe insert to the pipe.

In one embodiment, the installation housing is configured to sealably enclose the portion of the pipe. In this way, the installation housing may be used to install the pipe insert when the pipe is filled with fluid.

In one embodiment, the first and second parts are biased in the extended configuration by a resilient element. In one embodiment, the resilient element comprises a spring.

In one embodiment, the first and second parts are releasably lockable in one or more of the retracted configuration and expanded configuration.

In one embodiment, the first end comprises a first collar for sealably receiving a portion of the first exposed end of the pipe.

In one embodiment, the second end comprises a second collar for sealably receiving a portion of the second exposed end of the pipe.

In one embodiment, the pipe insert further comprises a peripheral gripping surface located on the first end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the first exposed end of the pipe. For *0s* example, in the case of a first end comprising a first **..

collar for sealably receiving a portion of the first exposed end of the pipe, the peripheral gripping surface : may be configured to grip an outer periphery of the first exposed end of the pipe. The peripheral gripping surface * *** may be configured to ease removal of the pipe insert (e.g. by angling the gripping surface). The peripheral gripping surface may comprise a plurality of discrete gripping elements. In one embodiment, the peripheral gripping surface comprises a gripping ring. In addition, or in another embodiment, the pipe insert comprises a peripheral gripping surface located on the second end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the second exposed end of the pipe. For example, in the case of a second end comprising a second collar for sealably receiving a portion of the second exposed end of the pipe, the peripheral gripping surface may be configured to grip an outer periphery of the second exposed end of the pipe. The peripheral gripping surface may be configured to ease removal of the pipe insert (e.g. by angling the gripping surface). The peripheral gripping surface may comprise a plurality of discrete gripping elements. In one embodiment, the peripheral gripping surface comprises a gripping ring.

In one embodiment, the first and second parts have interengageable profiles. For example, the second part may be configured to receive (e.g. slidably receive) the first part, whereby the first and second parts are configurable between the retracted and extended configurations by *S..

relative movement between the first and second parts.

*S.S.. * *

In one embodiment, the pipe insert comprises a valve for controlling flow of fluid through the housing, the valve being configurable between an open configuration for S...

permitting flow through the housing and a closed * * 25 configuration for substantially preventing flow through the housing. The valve may be controlled by means of an actuator (e.g. a rotary actuator) extending through the housing. In one embodiment, the valve comprises a rotatable ball valve. In that the first and second parts have interengageable profiles and the second part is configured to receive (e.g. slidably receive) the first part, the valve may be housed in the second part.

In one embodiment, the pipe cutter comprises a collar configured to enclose a portion of the pipe, the collar including at least one cutting surface for scoring the pipe as the cutting surface rotates relative to the pipe. The exchange mechanism may be configured to withdraw the pipe cutter with the section of pipe cut by the pipe cutter contained within the collar. In one embodiment, the collar is configured to be rotatably mounted around the pipe.

The collar may comprise first and second collar parts having interengageable profiles. For example, the first collar part may have a profile which is configured to slidably engage a corresponding profile of the second collar part (e.g. by means of relative movement between the first and second collar parts along a longitudinal axis of the pipe). In this way, a two-part pipe cutter is provided which is quick to fit, has fewer components and is cheaper to construct than previous pipe cutters.

The collar may comprise a peripheral drive surface for S..

engaging a rotary drive mechanism. The rotary drive S...

mechanism may be disengageable from the peripheral drive * 25 surface. In one embodiment, the rotary drive mechanism is further configured to engage and withdraw the rotatable collar from the chamber once the section of pipe has been cut. In this way, the rotary drive mechanism may form part of the exchange mechanism.

In one embodiment, the rotary drive mechanism and rotatable collar include lockable profiles which are engageable by relative movement between the rotary drive mechanism and the rotatable collar. For example, in one embodiment the rotary drive mechanism comprises a locking element and the rotatable collar is rotatable relative to the locking element between a first orientation in which the locking element can pass through a slot in the rotatable collar and a second orientation the locking element cannot pass through the slot in the rotatable collar, the locking element being configured to engage the slot when in the rotatable collar is in the first orientation as the rotary drive mechanism moves linearly relative to the rotatable collar. The rotatable collar may be rotated by means of the peripheral drive surface to register the slot with the locking element. The rotary drive mechanism is believed to be more compact and cheaper

to manufacture than prior art drive mechanisms. *S..

In one embodiment, the installation housing comprises an end part which is moveable relative to a main part of the installation housing between a first configuration in S..

which the installation housing can receive the portion of * .. . the pipe and a second configuration in which the * * 25 installation housing is configured to enclose the portion of the pipe. In one embodiment, the installation housing further comprises at least one locking member for locking the end part in the second configuration. In one embodiment the end part and main part of the installation housing form first and second parts respectively of a shaft and the locking member comprises a rotatable locking member for engaging the shaft, the rotatable locking member being moveable between an unlocked position allowing separation of the first and second parts of the shaft and a locked position preventing separation of the first and second parts of the shaft. For example, the locking member may comprise a substantially "c"-shaped rotatable locking member. In this way, the end part and main part may be quickly lockably coupled together. In one example, the substantially "c"-shaped locking member may be coupled to the first part of the shaft when in the unlocked position.

In one embodiment the passageway defines an exchange space for first receiving the cut section of pipe (e.g. in combination with the pipe cutter) during withdrawal of the section of pipe by the exchange mechanism and for subsequently receiving the pipe insert during insertion of the pipe insert into the chamber by the exchange mechanism. e...

The installation housing may comprise a further passageway configured to receive the cut section of pipe (e.g. in combination with the pipe cutter) from the chamber. In one embodiment, the further passageway extends * *** from the exchange space.

* 25 In an alternative embodiment, the further passageway extends from the chamber. In one embodiment, the further passageway extends in a common plane to the first-defined passageway and is angularly spaced therefrom. In one embodiment, the further passageway and first-defined passageways have an angular spacing of less than 90 degrees.

For example, the further passageway and first-defined passageways may have an angular spacing of substantially 45 degrees. The further passageway and first-defined passageways may partially overlap as they extend to meet the chamber.

In one embodiment, the exchange mechanism comprises a first moveable casing part configured to move relative to the main part of the housing to retract the cut section of pipe from the chamber. In one embodiment, the first casing part is configured to retract the pipe cutter with the cut section of pipe housed therein from the chamber. In one embodiment, the first casing part houses the rotary drive mechanism. In another embodiment, the first moveable casing part is configured to insert the pipe insert into the chamber once the pipe insert is received in the exchange space.

The exchange mechanism may further comprise a second moveable casing part configured to move relative to a main part of the housing to insert the pipe insert into the I. chamber. In one embodiment, the second moveable casing part is configured to releasably engage the pipe insert.

In one embodiment the second moveable casing part is * 25 configured to orientate the pipe insert into a predetermined position as the pipe insert is inserted into the chamber. For example, the second moveable casing part may comprise a movement member configured to rotate the pipe insert.

In one embodiment, the first and second moveable casing parts are linked such that as one of the moveable casing parts moves, the other moves in an opposite sense to maintain a constant volume in the installation housing. In this way, the force required to operate the first and second moveable casing parts may be minimised. For example, the first and second moveable casing parts may be linked such that insertion of the first moveable casing part causes the second moveable casing part to retract (e.g. at a corresponding rate).

In one embodiment, the exchange mechanism may comprise at least one rod for inserting the pipe insert into the chamber. Advantageously, the use of one or more rods having a smaller cross-sectional area than either the first or second moveable casing parts may reduce the force on the exchange mechanism from internal pressure.

In one embodiment, the kit of parts includes an indicator mechanism for indicating when the section of pipe has been cut through by the pipe cutter. The indicator mechanism may comprise an indicator visible from outside of the installation housing. The indicator may indicate that S..

the section of pipe has been cut through by the pipe cutter S...

by a change in position or orientation (e.g. in response to * . 25 movement of the pipe cutter).

An embodiment of the present invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of apparatus comprising a housing and flow control device in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention with the housing shown in cross-section and the flow control device in a stowed position; Figure 2 is a schematic perspective view of the apparatus of Figure 1 installed into a portion of a pipe with the flow control device in an installed position and the housing shown in cross-section; Figure 3 is a schematic perspective view of the apparatus of Figure 1 with the collar of the housing removed after installation; Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the flow control device of Figure 1; Figure 5 is a schematic side view of an alternative flow control device according to the present invention for use with the housing of Figure 1; and Figure 6 is a schematic cross-sectional side view of apparatus in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention after installation; Figure 7 is a schematic perspective view of a pipe : ., insert according to an embodiment of the present invention S..

installed between exposed ends of a pipe; S...

Figure 8 is a schematic perspective view of the pipe * 25 insert of Figure 7 with part of the housing removed; Figure 9 is an exploded schematic perspective view of a kit of parts in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention for installing the pipe insert of Figure 7 in a pipe; Figure 10 is a schematic perspective view of a pipe cutter forming part of the kit of parts of Figure 9; Figure 11 is a schematic perspective view of components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a first stage of installation; Figure 12 is a schematic perspective view of components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a second stage of installation; Figure 13 is a schematic view of a component from the kit of parts of Figure 9; Figure 14 is a schematic perspective view of components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a third stage of installation; Figure 15 is a schematic view of another component from the kit of parts of Figure 9 in an unlocked configuration; Figure 16 is a schematic view of another component from the kit of parts of Figure 9 in a locked configuration; Figure 17 is a schematic perspective view of components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a S..

fourth stage of installation; S...

Figure 18 is a schematic perspective view of * 25 components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a fifth stage of installation; Figure 19 is a schematic perspective view of components from the kit of parts of Figure 9 during a sixth stage of installation; and Figure 20 is a schematic perspective view of a kit of parts for installing the pipe insert of Figure 1 in a pipe according to a further embodiment of the present invention.

Figures 1-4 show isolation apparatus 10 for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe 20, comprising housing 40, a flow control device 100 and a rotary drive mechanism 150.

Housing 40 comprises a casing 42 comprising an upper casing part 44 and lower casing part 46 configured to be clamped together by means of bolts 47 to enclose a portion 22 of pipe 20. Upper and lower casing parts 44, 46 together define an elongate cylindrical chamber 48 configured to receive the portion 22 of the pipe 20 together with first and second annular gasket cavities 50, 52 for receiving upper and lower gaskets 54,56 for sealing, in combination with a planar gasket 58 forming part of upper casing 44, opposed ends of the chamber 48 when the housing 40 is installed around pipe 20. Chamber 48 defines I..

a central cutter cavity 48A for receiving flow control device 100. Upper casing part 44 further defines a cylindrical passageway 45 extending from chamber 48 to an

S

opening 47A on an upper surface of the upper casing part * S..

44. Lower casing part 46 further defines a cylindrical * 25 compartment 47 extending from chamber 48 and registered with passageway 45. Upper and lower casing parts 44, 46 additionally define gripper ring parts 60, 62 for preventing relative movement between the housing 40 and the pipe 20 after installation.

Housing 40 further includes a separable collar 70 extending from an upper surface of upper casing part 44 and defining a cylindrical stowage space 72 adjacent chamber 48 for housing flow control device 100 when in an uninstalled position (as shown in Figure 1). Collar 70 includes a peripheral flange 74 defining an annular gasket cavity 76 housing a collar gasket 78 for sealing the collar 70 against the upper surface of upper casing part 44.

Retaining screws 80 are provided to lock collar 70 to the upper casing part 44.

Flow control device 100 comprises a substantially cylindrical body 102 having a leading end 104 and a trailing end 106. Leading end 104 defines a cutting surface 110 having a pair of circumferentially-spaced curved blades 112 forming a scalloped profile 114 and defines a compression surface 116. The trailing end 106 includes a hexagonal drive interface 120 for rotating the flow control device 100 and a 0-ring seal 122 for *S..

preventing passage of fluid past the trailing end 106.

Flow control device 100 comprises an open bore 130 * : extending through the body 102 configured to register with pipe 20. 0-ring seals 132, 134 provided on opposed lateral sides of the body 102 for forming a sealed passageway * 25 between opposed ends of the pipe 20 and the open bore 130.

The flow control device further comprises a valve mechanism 140 housed in the body 102 comprising a rotatable ball valve 142 configurable between a first configuration for allowing fluid to pass through open bore 130 and a second configuration for substantially preventing fluid from passing through the open bore 130 in response to a 90 degree rotary input. Valve mechanism 140 further comprises a rotary actuator spindle 144 extending through the body 102 for controlling the rotatable ball valve 142 and having a rotary interface 146 located at the trailing end 106.

Rotary drive mechanism 150 comprise a pair of interengaging screw-threaded portions 152, 154. Screw-threaded portion 152 extends along an inner surface of collar 70 and along an upper inner surface of passageway 45 in the upper casing 44. Collar 70 may include crenulations, or notches, around a periphery of flange 74 to accommodate retaining screws 80 and prevent collar rotation. The use of such crenulations assists alignment of threads extending along the inner surface of collar 70 and upper casing 44. When cutter thread 154 pass through collar 70 and engages with the thread extending along the inner surface of collar 70, the retaining screws 80 may be S...

released and provide for separation of collar 70 from upper casing 44. This separation is necessary to provide for alignment of collar/housing threads, but must not allow S'S collar 70 to rotate (or leak fluid). The crenulations S5S allow release of friction on collar 70 but prevent collar * 25 70 rotating. Screw-threaded portion 154 extends along the trailing end 106 of body 102 between gasket 122 and hexagonal drive interface 120.

In use, isolation apparatus 10 is fitted to a portion 22 of pipe 20 by attaching upper and lower casing parts 44, 46 around the portion 22 and clamping the upper and lower casing parts 44, 46 together. Once casing 42 is positioned around pipe 20, collar 70 housing flow control device 100 is connected to upper casing part 44 by means of retaining screws 80. Once collar 70 is connected to casing 42, flow control device 100 is deployed by rotating hexagonal drive interface 120 (e.g. using an appropriate manually-operated lever device or battery-operated drill insertion device for engaging hexagonal drive interface 120). In response to a rotary input rotary drive mechanism 150 causes flow control device 100 to rotate and move linearly downward from the stowed position in the collar 70 to towards an installed position (as shown in Figures 2 and 3) in chamber 48.

As the rotating leading end 104 engages pipe 20 cutting surface 110 cuts through the pipe 20 to remove a section 26 of pipe 20 and form a gap in the pipe 20 into which the body 102 of the flow control device 100 is sealably inserted once in the installed position. In addition, cutting surface 110 will act to form a circular profile in planar gasket 58 which includes a portion 58A : extending into cutter cavity 48A. Advantageously, providing a planar gasket 58 overlapping into the cutter cavity 48A avoids the need to pre-size and align planar * 25 gasket 58 with the curved sealing face that will be met by the opposed 0-rings seals 132, 134.

Whilst cutting surface 110 cuts into the pipe 20, compression surface 116 acts to compress the cut upper part of the pipe section 26 in order to compress the pipe section 26 in order to allow it to fit in compartment cylindrical compartment 47 in lower casing part 46, the cylindrical compartment 47 having a depth which is approximately 60% of the diameter of pipe 20. Once pipe section 26 is severed from the pipe 20, the flow control device moves into the installed position with the leading end 104 and compressed pipe section 26 being moved into compartment 47 out of the way of chamber 48.

Once the flow control device 100 is in the installed position, the rotatable ball valve 142 is moveable between its open and closed configurations by turning rotary interface 146 through 90 degrees.

Figure 5 shows an alternative flow control device 100' for use with housing 40 having a leading end 104' defining a cutting surface 110' comprising a circumferential array of cutting teeth 115 and a compression surface 116'.

Figure 6 shows isolation apparatus 10' in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention after S...

installation. Isolation apparatus 10' comprises housing 40', a flow control device 100'' and a rotary drive mechanism 150' substantially similar to the isolation apparatus 10 as previously described. However, notably *.S.

flow control device 100' does not include a compression * 25 surface and accordingly compartment 47' is configured to receive an uncompressed pipe section 26'.

Figures 7 and 8 show an isolator valve insert 180 for forming a sealed connection across a gap 201 in a pipeline between a first exposed end 202 of the pipeline 200 and a second exposed end 204 of the pipeline 200 spaced from the first exposed end 202. Isolator valve insert 180 comprises a housing 182 defining a passageway 184 for in use conveying fluid between the spaced exposed ends 202, 204 of the pipeline 200, the housing 182 including: a first part 186 defining a first collar 187 for sealably receiving the first exposed end 202 of the pipeline 200, the first part 186 including a first aperture 188; and a second part 190 defining a second collar 191 for sealably receiving the second exposed end 204 of the pipeline 200, the second part defining a second aperture 192 registered with the first aperture 191 to form passageway 184. The second part 188 includes a cylindrical section 194 configured to slidably receive the first part 186, whereby the first and second parts 186, 190 are configurable between the retracted configuration (as shown in Figure 9) and an extended configuration in which the relative spacing between the first and second collars 187, 191 is increased **e.

relative to the retracted configuration for forming a :. sealed connection between the first and second exposed ends * * 202, 204. The isolator valve insert 180 also comprises a S. spring 192 mounted on cylindrical section 194 between the S...

first and second collars 187, 191 for biasing the first and * 25 second parts 186, 190 to be in the extended configuration.

The isolator valve insert 180 further comprises a pair of push-fit gripping rings 196 located in the first and second collars 187, 191 for gripping an outer periphery of the first and second exposed ends 202, 204. Gripping rings 196 include a plurality of discrete gripping elements 197 spaced circumferentially around the gripping rings 196, the discrete gripping elements 197 being angled to ease removal of the isolator valve insert 180.

The isolator valve insert 180 further includes a valve mechanism 210 housed in the second part 190, the valve mechanism comprising a rotatable ball valve 212 configurable between a first configuration for allowing fluid to pass through passageway 184 and a second configuration for substantially preventing fluid from passing through passageway 184 in response to a 90 degree rotary input. Valve mechanism 210 further comprises a rotary actuator spindle 214 extending through the second part 190 for controlling the rotatable ball valve 212 and having a rotary interface 216 located on an upper surface of the second part 190.

In use, the isolator valve insert 180 is positioned between the first and second exposed ends 202, 204 of the pipeline whilst being held in the retracted configuration :. and, once registered with the first and second exposed ends 202, 204 of the pipeline 200, one of the first and second

S

collars 187, 191 is released whereupon the first and second S...

parts 186, 190 are urged by the spring 192 into the * 25 expanded configuration to seal the first and second collars 187, 191 against the first and second exposed ends 202, 204 of the pipeline 200.

0-ring seal pairing 220 seal opposed ends of the first and second parts 186, 190. 0-ring seal pairing 225 located in the second part 190 seal opposed ends of valve mechanism 210. 0-ring seal 230 located in the first part 186 seals the first part 186 and cylindrical section 194 in the second part 188.

Figures 9-19 show components forming a kit of parts 240 for installing isolator valve insert 180 into pipeline 200. The kit of parts 240 comprises: isolator valve insert as previously described; installation housing 250; pipe cutter 300; and exchange mechanism 350.

Installation housing 250 is constructed from plastics material (possibly transparent plastics material or plastics material including parts formed from transparent plastics material to provide a view through the installation housing) and comprises a main housing part 260 and a removable end housing part 270 together forming an elongate cylindrical chamber 255 configured to sealably receive pipe cutter 300 when connected to the pipeline 200.

Main part 260 further defines first and second elongate passageways 264, 266 extending from the chamber 255, the :. first and second elongate passageways 264, 266 meeting to * *:. form an exchange space 268. First passageway 264 is configured to house isolator valve insert 180 prior to S...

::::. installation; second passageway 266 is configured to * 25 receive pipe cutter 300 after the pipeline 200 has been cut.

End housing part 270 is configured to be removable from the main housing part 260 to allow the portion 201 of pipeline 200 to be received in the installation housing 250. The installation housing 250 is configured to sealably enclose the portion 201 of pipeline 200. The end housing part 270 and main housing part 260 form first and second parts 256, 257 respectively of a shaft 258.

Installation housing 250 further comprises a pair of "C"-shaped rotatable locking members 259 coupled to the first part 256 of the shaft 258, the rotatable locking members 259 being moveable between an unlocked position allowing separation of the first and second parts 256, 257 of the shaft 258 and a locked position preventing separation of the first and second parts 256, 257 of the shaft 258.

Pipe cutter 300 comprises a rotatable collar 310 configured to enclose the portion 201 of the pipeline 200 and defining a peripheral drive surface 320 around one end of the rotatable collar 310 comprising a plurality of angularly spaced teeth 322, the rotatable collar 310 including first and second collar parts 312, 314 having slidably interengageable profiles 313, 315 configured to lock together to prevent lateral separation of the first :. and second collar parts 312, 314. Once interengageable * profiles 313,315 are registered, relative movement between * the first and second collar parts 312, 314 along a S...

longitudinal axis of the pipeline 200 connects the first * 25 and second collar parts 312, 314 together.

The first collar part 312 additionally comprises a pair of laterally spaced cutter wheels 318 each defining a cutting surface 319 for scoring the pipeline 200 as the rotatable collar 310 in use rotates relative thereto. The cutter wheels 318 are each mounted on an axle (not shown) which is biased by means of a spring (also not shown) to engage the pipeline 200 as the rotatable collar 310 rotates. The first collar part 312 also comprises a key-hole shaped slot 326 as described below.

Exchange mechanism 350 comprises a first moveable casing part 360 configured to engage the second passageway 266 and a second moveable casing part 400 configured to engage the first passageway 264.

First casing part 360 is slidable relative to the main housing part 260 and can be locked in place relative to the main housing part 260 by means of locking pin 362. First casing part 360 houses a rotary drive mechanism 370 for engaging peripheral drive surface 320 on pipe cutter 300.

Rotary drive mechanism 370 comprises a toothed cog 272 for engaging with the peripheral drive surface 320, the toothed cog 372 being rotatable coupled to the first casing part 360 about an axis parallel to pipeline 200, and a rotatable ***.

shaft 374. Rotatable shaft 374 includes a leading end 375 :. coupled to a bevel gear 378 for driving toothed cog 372 and * *: a trailing end 376 including a hexagonal rotary drive interface 379. S...

Rotary drive mechanism 370 further comprises an * 25 extractor rod 380 mounted in rotatable shaft 374 and moveable relative to the rotatable shaft 374 between a retracted position and an extended position; a spring (not shown) biases extractor rod 380 in the retracted position.

Extractor rod 380 has a leading end 382 including a locking element 384 for engaging slot 326 in pipe cutter 300 when the locking element 384 is registered with the slot 326 and the extractor rod 380 is in the extended position. Once the locking element 384 has engaged slot 326, pipe cutter 300 is rotatable between a first orientation in which the locking element 384 can return through slot 326 and a second orientation in which the locking element cannot pass through slot 326 in the rotatable collar 310. Once positioned in the second orientation, pipe cutter 300 can be withdrawn from chamber 255 (with the cut section of pipeline 200 in situ) and stowed in second passageway 266 out of the way of exchange space 268. In one embodiment, locking pin 362 may only be released once locking element 384 has engaged slot 326 and the pipe cutter 300 is in the second orientation.

Second casing part 400 is slidable relative to the main housing part 260 and defines a chamber 402 for receiving a part of isolator valve insert 180. Second casing part 400 further comprises a mechanism 410 :. comprising a pair of opposed sprung locking pins 415 * *:. configured to engage recesses (not shown) in main housing part 260 and an actuator 420 for selectively disengaging locking pins 415.

* S 25 The kit of parts 240 may further comprise an indicator mechanism (not shown) for indicating that pipeline 200 has been cut through by pipe cutter 300. The indicator mechanism may comprise a sprung plate with a pair of spigots (e.g. coloured spigots) located inside end housing part 270. When pipe cutter 300 is positioned in chamber 255 during cutting of pipeline 200, the pair of spigots rest against a transparent surface of the end housing part 270. When pipe cutter 300 moves away from end housing part 270 (once the pipeline 200 is cut there will be some movement of the pipe cutter 300 within chamber 255), the spigots are urged away from the transparent surface of the end housing part 270 by the sprung plate in a visible manner, indicating that the pipe cutter has successfully cut through both ends of the pipeline 200.

Seals (not shown) in the installation housing 250 and exchange mechanism 300 contain fluid in the apparatus until the isolator valve insert 180 is sealably installed in the pipeline 200.

In use, pipe cutter 300 is first positioned around the pipeline 200 by positioning first and second collar parts 312, 312 around the pipeline 200 and slidably engaging interengeable profiles 313, 315. Once pipe cutter 300 is *S..

installed around pipeline 200, installation housing 250 is installed around pipe cutter 300 by positioning end housing * *:. part 270 and main housing part 260 around pipe cutter 300 and locking the end housing part 270 and main housing part 260 together by means of rotatable locking members 259.

* 25 Once installation housing 250 is installed around pipe cutter 300, isolator valve insert 180 is compressed, tilted backwards (to assist insertion angle into chamber 255) and placed inside first passageway 264 of main housing part 260. Since isolator valve insert 180 is sprung outwards, it requires no means to hold it in second casing part 400.

Locking pins 415 of mechanism 410 are then retracted by lifting upwards actuator 420 to allow second casing part 400 to be inserted into first passageway 264. Once inserted, actuator 420 is released to splay locking pins 415 which hold second casing part 400 in position in the first passageway 264.

First casing part 360 is also sealably inserted into second passageway 266 and advanced so that toothed cog 272 engages with peripheral drive surface 320 whereupon locking pin 362 is deployed to lock first casing part 360 in position for the cutting stage. Rotation of hexagonal rotary drive interface 379 (e.g. via a ball end hexagonal key mounted on a battery-powered drill) rotates pipe cutter 300 to cut through pipeline 200. The cutting process is viewed through the housing and, once the pipeline 200 is cut through at both ends of pipe cutter 300, pipe cutter 300 is rotated by means of the hexagonal rotary drive ***.

interface 379 to register locking element 384 on extractor :. rod 380 with slot 326. Once registered, extractor rod 380 * is advanced to the extended position to engage locking element 384 in slot 326. Once engaged in slot 326, pipe S...

cutter 300 is rotated into the second orientation and * 25 locking pin 362 is disengaged allowing first casing part 360 to be slidingly withdrawn to remove pipe cutter 300 from chamber 255 (with the cut section of pipeline 200 in situ) and through past exchange space 268. Return pressure from the extractor rod spring acts to hold locking element 384 in the second orientation whilst pipe cutter 300 is withdrawn. Internal pressure (from the pressurised pipeline 200) will assist to drive back first casing part 360 and extracted pipe cutter 300; retaining pins on first casing part 360 and reciprocating slots in main housing part 260 prevent system pressure from fully ejecting the first casing part 360 from the installation housing 250.

Once pipe cutter 300 has been withdrawn, insertion of isolator valve insert 180 is achieved by a two-part process: firstly, second casing part 400 is advanced into first passageway 264 to position isolator valve insert 180 in exchange space 268 and actuator 420 is depressed to angle rotary interface 216 on isolator valve insert 180 backwards (e.g. so protuberant rotary interface 216 does not foul installation housing 250); subsequently, isolator valve insert 180 is advanced into chamber 255 by re-advancing first casing part 360 relative to the main housing part 26owhereupon the first and second parts 186, 190 of isolator valve insert 180 are urged by the spring 192 into the expanded configuration to seal the first and * * second collars 187, 191 against the first and second *** exposed ends 202, 204 of the pipeline 200. This completes **** the insertion of isolator valve insert 180 and rotatable * 25 locking members 259 may be released and the installation housing 250 removed.

Figure 20 is shows a kit of parts 240' according to a further embodiment of the present invention. Kit of parts 240' is closely based on kit of parts 240 and common components are labelled accordingly. Kit of parts 240' is distinguished over kit of parts 240 by the provision of a "V"-shaped installation housing 250' with the vertex at the centre of chamber 255' and a modified exchange mechanism 350'. Exchange mechanism 350' includes an extended actuator 420' to allow complete insertion of the isolator valve insert 180 with one direct movement and without involvement from first casing part 360'. * * *I*. *

* ** *** * * *. * * * S.. *

S S... * S S... * *. * . S

Claims (38)

  1. Claims: 1. Apparatus for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe, comprising: a housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled, the housing comprising: a first part defining a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a second part extending from the first part, the second part defining a stowage space adjacent the chamber; a flow control device moveable from a stowed position in the stowage space to an installed position in the chamber for selectively controlling flow through the housing, the flow control device comprising a body having a leading end defining a cutting surface for removing a section of the pipe enclosed by the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device when in the installed position; and * a rotary drive mechanism for moving the flow control S..device from the stowed position to the installed position * S5.in response to a rotary input; * 25 wherein, when the flow control device is in the installed position, the body is selectively configurable between an open configuration for permitting flow through the housing and a closed configuration for substantially preventing flow through the housing.
  2. 2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the second part comprises a collar configured to be removable from the first part when the flow control device is in the installed position.
  3. 3. Apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the cutting surface is configured to rotate relative to the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position.
  4. 4. Apparatus according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the leading end further comprises a compression surface configured to compress the section of pipe following cutting of the pipe by the cutting surface.
  5. 5. Apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the compression surface is configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face.
  6. 6. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein S. the first part further comprises a compartment adjacent the * 25 chamber for receiving the leading end of the flow control device and removed section of pipe when the flow control device is in the installed position.
  7. 7. Apparatus according to claim 6 when dependent upon claim 5, wherein the compartment has a depth which is: less than substantially 70% of a corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 60% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 50% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; or less than substantially 40% of the corresponding depth of the chamber.
  8. 8. Apparatus for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe, comprising: a housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled, the housing comprising: a first part defining a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a second part extending from the first part, the second part defining a stowage space adjacent the chamber; and * * *I*.a flow control device moveable from a stowed position * S.... * .in the stowage space to an installed position in the : chamber for selectively controlling flow through the housing, the flow control device comprising a body having aSleading end defining a cutting surface for removing a S. SS * I S * * 25 section of the pipe enclosed by the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device when in the installed position; and a rotary drive mechanism for moving the flow control device from the stowed position to the installed position in response to a rotary input; wherein the cutting surface is configured to rotate relative to the housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position.
  9. 9. Apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the cutting surface has a pair of circumferentially-spaced curved blades forming a scalloped profile.
  10. 10. Apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the cutting surface comprises a plurality of circumferentially-spaced teeth.
  11. 11. Apparatus according to any of claims 8-10, wherein the leading end further comprises a compression surface configured to compress the section of pipe following cutting of the pipe by the cutting surface.
  12. 12. Apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the compression surface is configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section "I.* S. . of pipe is being cut by the cutting face. Se * 5 5
    * S 25
  13. 13. Apparatus according to any of claims 8-12, wherein the first part further comprises a compartment adjacent the chamber for receiving the leading end of the flow control device and removed section of pipe when the flow control device is in the installed position.
  14. 14. Apparatus according to claim 13 when dependent upon S claim 12, wherein the compartment has a depth which is: less than substantially 70% of a corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 60% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 50% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; or less than substantially 40% of the corresponding depth of the chamber.
  15. 15. A pipe insert for forming a sealed connection across a gap in a pipeline between spaced exposed pipe ends, comprising a housing for conveying fluid between spaced exposed pipe ends, the housing including: a first part having a first end for sealably engaging a first exposed pipe end; and S�* ****** a second part having a second end for sealably engaging a second exposed pipe end spaced from the first exposed pipe end, the first and second parts being configurable to vary the relative spacing between the first and second ends between a retracted configuration to allow *.S.the apparatus to be positioned in a gap in a pipeline and * S * * 6 an extended configuration for forming a sealed connection between spaced exposed pipe ends; wherein the first and second parts are biased to be in the extended configuration.
  16. 16. A pipe insert according to claim 15, wherein the first and second parts are biased in the extended configuration by a resilient element.
  17. 17. A pipe insert according to claim 15 or claim 16, further comprising a peripheral gripping surface located on the first end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the first exposed pipe end.
  18. 18. A pipe insert according to any of claims 15-17, further comprising a peripheral gripping surface located on the second end, the peripheral gripping surface being configured to grip a periphery of the second exposed pipe end.
  19. 19. A pipe insert according to any of claims 15-18, S...wherein the first and second parts have interengageable * *
  20. 20 profiles. ** * S * SSS
    ** 20. A pipe insert according to any of claims 15-19, wherein the pipe insert comprises a valve for controlling S...flow of fluid through the housing, the valve being configurable between an open configuration for permitting flow through the housing and a closed configuration for substantially preventing flow through the housing.
  21. 21. A kit of parts for installing a pipe insert into a pipeline, comprising: an installation housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe, the installation housing comprising: a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a passageway extending from the chamber; a pipe cutter for cutting a section from the portion of pipe received in the chamber, whereby the cut section of pipe once removed leaves a gap between a first exposed end of the pipe and a second exposed end of the pipe spaced from the first exposed end; a pipe insert for forming a sealed connection in the gap between the spaced first and second exposed ends of the pipe once the section of pipe has been removed, the pipe insert being initially stowed in the passageway; and an exchange mechanism for withdrawing the section of pipe cut by the pipe cutter from the chamber and inserting ..s..' the pipe insert into the chamber between the spaced firstS* .. S..* * 20 and second exposed ends of the pipe for installation therebetween. *.S
  22. 22. A kit of parts according to claim 21, wherein the pipe * insert comprises a housing for conveying fluid between the spaced exposed ends of the pipe, the housing including: a first part having a first end for sealably engaging the first exposed end of the pipe; and a second part having a second end for sealably engaging the second exposed end of the pipe spaced from the first exposed end, the first and second parts being configurable to vary the relative spacing between the first and second ends between a retracted configuration to allow the apparatus to be positioned in the gap in the pipe and an extended configuration for forming a sealed connection between the first and second exposed ends of the pipe; and the first and second parts are biased to be in the extended configuration.
  23. 23. A kit of parts according to claim 21 or claim 22, wherein the pipe cutter comprises a collar configured to enclose a portion of the pipe, the collar including at least one cutting surface for scoring the pipe as the cutting surface rotates relative to the pipe.
  24. 24. A kit of parts according to claim 23, wherein the collar comprises first and second collar parts having I..interengageable profiles.* S.... * 20
  25. 25. A kit of parts according to claim 24, wherein the collar comprises a peripheral drive surface for engaging a rotary drive mechanism. S'S. S. *S * S *
  26. 26. A kit of parts according to claim 25, wherein the rotary drive mechanism is disengageable from the peripheral drive surface.
  27. 27. A kit of parts according to claim 25 or claim 26, wherein the rotary drive mechanism is further configured to engage and withdraw the rotatable collar from the chamber once the section of pipe has been cut.
  28. 28. A kit of parts according to any of claims 25-27, wherein the rotary drive mechanism and rotatable collar include lockable profiles which are engageable by relative movement between the rotary drive mechanism and therotatable collar.
  29. 29. A kit of parts according to claim 28, wherein the rotary drive mechanism comprises a locking element and the rotatable collar is rotatable relative to the locking element between a first orientation in which the locking element can pass through a slot in the rotatable collar and a second orientation the locking element cannot pass through the slot in the rotatable collar, the locking S...***,*. element being configured to engage the slot when in the rotatable collar is in the first orientation as the rotary drive mechanism moves linearly relative to the rotatable collar.S S...
  30. 30. A kit of parts according to claim 29, wherein the rotatable collar is rotated by means of the peripheral drive surface to register the slot with the locking element.
  31. 31. A kit of parts according to any of claims 21-30, wherein the passageway defines an exchange space for first receiving the cut section of pipe during withdrawal of the section of pipe by the exchange mechanism and for subsequently receiving the pipe insert during insertion of the pipe insert into the chamber by the exchange mechanism.
  32. 32. A kit of parts according to any of claims 21-31, wherein the exchange mechanism comprises a first moveable casing part configured to move relative to the main part of the housing to retract the cut section of pipe from the chamber.
  33. 33. A kit of parts according to claim 32, wherein the first casing part is configured to retract the pipe cutter with the cut section of pipe housed therein from the chamber.
  34. 34. A kit of parts according to claim 32 or claim 33, * 20 wherein the first moveable casing part is configured to insert the pipe insert into the chamber once the pipe insert is received in the exchange space. **** * * ****
  35. 35. A kit of parts according to any of claims 21-34, wherein the exchange mechanism further comprises a second moveable casing part configured to move relative to a main part of the housing to insert the pipe insert into the chamber.
  36. 36. A kit of parts according to claim 35, wherein the second moveable casing part is configured to releasably engage the pipe insert.
  37. 37. A kit of parts according to claim 35 or claim 36, wherein the second moveable casing part is configured to orientate the pipe insert into a predetermined position as the pipe insert is inserted into the chamber.
  38. 38. A kit of parts according to claim 35 when dependent upon claim 32, wherein the first and second moveable casing parts are linked such that as one of the moveable casing parts moves, the other moves in an opposite sense to maintain a constant volume in the installation housing. *..S * * ******* * S 0* * * * S.*S S..S * S S... *. *5 * S * * SAMENDMENTS TO THE CLAIMS HAVE BEEN FILED AS FOLLOWS: New Claims: 1. Apparatus for controlling flow of fluid through a pipe, comprising: a housing configured to enclose a portion of a pipe through which fluid flow is to be controlled, the housing comprising: a first part defining a chamber configured to receive the portion of the pipe; and a second part extending from the first part, the second part defining a stowage space adjacent the chamber; a flow control device moveable from a stowed position .. : in the stowage space to an installed position in the I...chamber for selectively controlling flow through the housing, the flow control device comprising a body having a leading end defining a cutting surface for removing a section of the pipe enclosed by the housing as the flow S...*:. control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position in order to form an opening in the pipe for receiving the flow control device when in the installed position; and a rotary drive mechanism for moving the flow control device from the stowed position to the installed position in response to a rotary input; wherein, when the flow control device is in the installed position, the body is selectively configurable between an open configuration for permitting flow through the housing and a closed configuration for substantially preventing flow through the housing; characterised in that the second part comprises a collar configured to be removable from the first part when the flow control device is in the installed position.2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the rotary drive mechanism comprises a pair of interengaging screw-threaded portions located on an inner surface of the collar and an outer surface of the a trailing end of the body respectively.3. Apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the . cutting surface is configured to rotate relative to the * w..housing as the flow control device moves from the stowed position to the installed position. * **.Sa * *4. Apparatus according to any of the preceding claims, S...wherein the leading end further comprises a compression surface configured to compress the section of pipe following cutting of the pipe by the cutting surface.5. Apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the compression surface is configured to compress an upper part of the section of pipe whilst a lower part of the section of pipe is being cut by the cutting face.6. Apparatus according to any preceding claim, wherein the first part further comprises a compartment adlacent the chamber for receiving the leading end of the flow control device and removed section of pipe when the flow control device is in the installed position.7. Apparatus according to claim 6 when dependent upon claim 5, wherein the compartment has a depth which iS: less than substantially 70& of a corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 60% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; less than substantially 50% of the corresponding depth of the chamber; or less than substantially 40% of the corresponding depth of the chamber. * S S *. * S... * a as * **5*S*s * * a *** * * *5Sa I... SS * * *5S
GB0913408A 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes Active GB2472265B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0913408A GB2472265B (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0913408A GB2472265B (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes
PCT/GB2010/051252 WO2011012899A2 (en) 2009-07-31 2010-07-29 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes
US13/387,544 US8613291B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2010-07-29 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes
CN201080034076.6A CN102472425B (en) 2009-07-31 2010-07-29 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes
EP20100750151 EP2459920B1 (en) 2009-07-31 2010-07-29 Apparatus for repairing and upgrading pipes

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GB0913408D0 GB0913408D0 (en) 2009-09-16
GB2472265A true GB2472265A (en) 2011-02-02
GB2472265B GB2472265B (en) 2011-09-21

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2533784A (en) * 2014-12-29 2016-07-06 Adam Kirk Steward Fluid isolation valve
CN108194701A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 胡芳丽 A kind of impulse electromagnetic valve

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1989768A (en) * 1933-12-07 1935-02-05 Alfred C Nieman Apparatus for inserting valves in pipe lines
GB2141514A (en) * 1983-06-16 1984-12-19 Williamson Inc T Branch fitting for providing access to the interior of a pipe
US4552170A (en) * 1984-09-14 1985-11-12 Margrave David L Line Insertable valve
US5183364A (en) * 1991-11-26 1993-02-02 Hardwig Ronald B Device for installing an in-line valve
US5316037A (en) * 1993-08-30 1994-05-31 Jomar International, Ltd. Valve for insertion in a pressurized fluid flow line
US5327923A (en) * 1993-02-12 1994-07-12 Eischen Louis P Valve for installation on a pressurized fluid flow line
GB2290361A (en) * 1994-06-15 1995-12-20 Richard Patrick Byrne An isolation valve
GB2300244A (en) * 1995-04-27 1996-10-30 Jomar Int Ltd In-line valve for insertion in a pressurized fluid flow line

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1989768A (en) * 1933-12-07 1935-02-05 Alfred C Nieman Apparatus for inserting valves in pipe lines
GB2141514A (en) * 1983-06-16 1984-12-19 Williamson Inc T Branch fitting for providing access to the interior of a pipe
US4552170A (en) * 1984-09-14 1985-11-12 Margrave David L Line Insertable valve
US5183364A (en) * 1991-11-26 1993-02-02 Hardwig Ronald B Device for installing an in-line valve
US5327923A (en) * 1993-02-12 1994-07-12 Eischen Louis P Valve for installation on a pressurized fluid flow line
US5316037A (en) * 1993-08-30 1994-05-31 Jomar International, Ltd. Valve for insertion in a pressurized fluid flow line
GB2290361A (en) * 1994-06-15 1995-12-20 Richard Patrick Byrne An isolation valve
GB2300244A (en) * 1995-04-27 1996-10-30 Jomar Int Ltd In-line valve for insertion in a pressurized fluid flow line

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2533784A (en) * 2014-12-29 2016-07-06 Adam Kirk Steward Fluid isolation valve
CN108194701A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-22 胡芳丽 A kind of impulse electromagnetic valve
CN108194701B (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-11-29 胡芳丽 A kind of impulse electromagnetic valve

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GB0913408D0 (en) 2009-09-16
GB2472265B (en) 2011-09-21

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