GB2453960A - A Ligature for a Single Reed Musical Instrument - Google Patents

A Ligature for a Single Reed Musical Instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2453960A
GB2453960A GB0720752A GB0720752A GB2453960A GB 2453960 A GB2453960 A GB 2453960A GB 0720752 A GB0720752 A GB 0720752A GB 0720752 A GB0720752 A GB 0720752A GB 2453960 A GB2453960 A GB 2453960A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
ligature
reed
mouthpiece
receptacle
musical instrument
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB0720752A
Other versions
GB0720752D0 (en
GB2453960B (en
Inventor
Alfred Poole Smith
Nigel Smith
Tom Evans
Original Assignee
Alfred Poole Smith
Nigel Smith
Tom Evans
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Alfred Poole Smith, Nigel Smith, Tom Evans filed Critical Alfred Poole Smith
Priority to GB0720752A priority Critical patent/GB2453960B/en
Publication of GB0720752D0 publication Critical patent/GB0720752D0/en
Publication of GB2453960A publication Critical patent/GB2453960A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2453960B publication Critical patent/GB2453960B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures

Abstract

A ligature (fig.1, 1) for a musical wind instrument is of unitary construction and has at least one recess (fig.4, 4) to accommodate the reed (fig.1, 2). When firmly pushed onto the mouthpiece (fig.1, 3) the ligature retains its position by means of friction.

Description

1***** Ligature for a Single Reed Woodwind Musical Instrument This invention relates to a device known as a ligature whose purpose is for attaching a reed to a mouthpiece of a single reed musical wind instrument, such as a saxophone or clarinet.

This ligature is for use with mouthpieces made usually, but not exclusively, of hard rubber or other plastic, the outside of which forms a truncated cone.

Background

A ligature circumscribes the mouthpiece and holds the reed in place onto the flat part of the mouthpiece known as the table. The player has to place the mouthpiece in the mouth and blow to make the thin end of the reed vibrate. This initiates a resonance in the body of the instrument to produce a musical sound A wide variety of ligatures are available, made of metal, leather, rubber or other materials. They hold the reed in place on the mouthpiece when tightened by the action of one or two thumbscrews. The thumbscrew type of ligature, such as is often used with a mouthpiece made of hard rubber or other plastic, is used here for comparison.

The disadvantages of the thumbscrew ligature This type of ligature requires the skill, dexterity and strength of the player to successfully position and assemble the reed onto the mouthpiece. The task is difficult even for the well practiced because of the need to hold the mouthpiece, reed and ligature in their correct relative positions whilst the thumbscrew is turned. Each of these parts has to be delicately handled. Adjusting the position of the reed tip is done when the thumbscrew is only partially tightened. Even when great care is taken when making this adjustment the reed may inadvertently skew or the ligature become displaced.

Statement of invention

To overcome these disadvantages this invention proposes a ligature of unitary construction that has a retaining and aligning receptacle for the reed, and that is self-gripping on the mouthpiece onto which it is assembled.

Advantages The ligature has a slot that matches the shape of the reed base, and in which the reed can be retained once it has been placed there. This slot is called the receptacle. The reed and ligature can therefore be handled as one item when the reed is in the receptacle. Assembly of the reed and ligature onto the mouthpiece is thus made much easier.

Additional receptacles in the ligature may be required to accommodate variations in the reed base dimensions. 2.

The tapering bore of the ligature and the presence of the reed in the receptade ensure that they will assemble with the appropriate orientation and alignment onto the mouthpiece.

The ligature bore resembles the outside of the mouthpiece and, by friction, can thus hold itself in place on the mouthpiece when they are firmly pushed together. As this is done the reed base becomes gripped between the ligature and the table of the mouthpiece.

The receptacle holds the reed in alignment with the mouthpiece.

The final adjustment can be made when the grip of the ligature on the mouthpiece is loosened slightly. This is enough to allow the reed to be moved, yet prevent the assembly from separating or becoming misaligned.

Introduction to Drawings

The invention wilt now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 shows the view from the right hand side and in which the ligature 1, and the reed 2 are assembled onto the mouthpiece 3.

Figure 2 shows the underside of the mouthpiece 3 with the reed 2 in position on the mouthpiece. In this drawing the ligature I has been sectioned along its horizontal axis to show the taper of the bore.

Figure 3, the view on the underside of the ligature. The receptacle 4 is shown by the chain dotted line.

Figure 4 the view on the larger diameter end of the ligature I showing the receptacle 4 in the bore.

Claims (4)

  1. Claims 1. A ligature of unitary construction for attaching a reed to the mouthpiece of a single reed wind instrument.
  2. 2. A ligature as claim I having a receptacle, or more than one receptacle, to retain the reed without the presence of the mouthpiece, into which the reed will fit only one way and yet allow the reed to be moved along its longitudinal axis.
  3. 3. A ligature according to claims I and 2 having a bore that conforms to the taper on the outside of the mouthpiece so that the mouthpiece can fit only into the larger diameter of the ligature, and, in the presence of the reed, only when the reed and the table of the mouthpiece are in juxtaposition.
  4. 4. A ligature according to claim 3 that will align axially and hold itself in place by friction when assembled onto the mouthpiece.
GB0720752A 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Ligature for a single reed woodwind musical instrument Expired - Fee Related GB2453960B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0720752A GB2453960B (en) 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Ligature for a single reed woodwind musical instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0720752A GB2453960B (en) 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Ligature for a single reed woodwind musical instrument

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0720752D0 GB0720752D0 (en) 2007-12-05
GB2453960A true GB2453960A (en) 2009-04-29
GB2453960B GB2453960B (en) 2012-09-12

Family

ID=38829767

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0720752A Expired - Fee Related GB2453960B (en) 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Ligature for a single reed woodwind musical instrument

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2453960B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2351024A1 (en) * 2009-06-04 2011-01-31 Florian Popa Tudor Ligature for the mouthpieces of single-reed wind instruments
WO2013104806A1 (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Investigaciones Machegas, S.L. Clamp for use in saxophone and clarinet mouthpieces

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2292584A (en) * 1940-12-04 1942-08-11 Herman O Tafarella Ligature
US3523481A (en) * 1968-04-19 1970-08-11 Norman B Stevens Mounting for musical instrument reed
DE4008451A1 (en) * 1990-03-16 1990-10-04 Martin Schoettle Musical instrument component clip - consists of closed ring being particularly for reed of clarinet
DE10152383A1 (en) * 2001-07-05 2003-01-23 Manfred Sedelmaier Mounting strap for mouthpiece of woodwind musical instrument is made of material with properties of leather wrapped around mouthpiece and pinched together to form straight seam

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3564965A (en) * 1969-02-03 1971-02-23 James A Carlini Ligature for reed musical instrument
JP2003337583A (en) * 2002-05-21 2003-11-28 Kazuhiro Nojima Best touch ligature

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2292584A (en) * 1940-12-04 1942-08-11 Herman O Tafarella Ligature
US3523481A (en) * 1968-04-19 1970-08-11 Norman B Stevens Mounting for musical instrument reed
DE4008451A1 (en) * 1990-03-16 1990-10-04 Martin Schoettle Musical instrument component clip - consists of closed ring being particularly for reed of clarinet
DE10152383A1 (en) * 2001-07-05 2003-01-23 Manfred Sedelmaier Mounting strap for mouthpiece of woodwind musical instrument is made of material with properties of leather wrapped around mouthpiece and pinched together to form straight seam

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2351024A1 (en) * 2009-06-04 2011-01-31 Florian Popa Tudor Ligature for the mouthpieces of single-reed wind instruments
WO2010139834A3 (en) * 2009-06-04 2011-07-21 Florian Popa Tudor Ligature for the mouthpieces of single-reed wind instruments
EP2439731A2 (en) * 2009-06-04 2012-04-11 Florian Popa Tudor Ligature for the mouthpieces of single-reed wind instruments
EP2439731A4 (en) * 2009-06-04 2012-12-26 Tudor Florian Popa Ligature for the mouthpieces of single-reed wind instruments
WO2013104806A1 (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-18 Investigaciones Machegas, S.L. Clamp for use in saxophone and clarinet mouthpieces
CN104025186A (en) * 2012-01-10 2014-09-03 马谢加斯研究有限公司 Clamp for a saxophone or clarinet mouthpiece
JP2015507767A (en) * 2012-01-10 2015-03-12 インヴェスティガシオネス マケガス,エス.エル. Saxophone or clarinet mouthpiece clamp
US9218796B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2015-12-22 Investigaciones Machegas, S.L. Clamp for a saxophone or clarinet mouthpiece

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB2453960B (en) 2012-09-12
GB0720752D0 (en) 2007-12-05

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20161024