GB2412406A - Locking device preventing component rotation - Google Patents

Locking device preventing component rotation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2412406A
GB2412406A GB0406879A GB0406879A GB2412406A GB 2412406 A GB2412406 A GB 2412406A GB 0406879 A GB0406879 A GB 0406879A GB 0406879 A GB0406879 A GB 0406879A GB 2412406 A GB2412406 A GB 2412406A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
component
locking plate
plate
locking
locking device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB0406879A
Other versions
GB2412406B (en
GB0406879D0 (en
Inventor
Mathew William Davis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Parker Hannifin Manufacturing Ltd
Original Assignee
Parker Hannifin PLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Parker Hannifin PLC filed Critical Parker Hannifin PLC
Priority to GB0406879A priority Critical patent/GB2412406B/en
Publication of GB0406879D0 publication Critical patent/GB0406879D0/en
Priority to PCT/GB2005/001020 priority patent/WO2005093269A1/en
Priority to DE602005008403T priority patent/DE602005008403D1/en
Priority to AT05764701T priority patent/ATE402349T1/en
Priority to EP05764701A priority patent/EP1727991B1/en
Publication of GB2412406A publication Critical patent/GB2412406A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2412406B publication Critical patent/GB2412406B/en
Priority to US11/534,235 priority patent/US7731463B2/en
Priority to NO20064334A priority patent/NO333995B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS OR WEDGES; JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B21/00Means for preventing relative axial movement of a pin, spigot, shaft or the like and a member surrounding it; Stud-and-socket releasable fastenings
    • F16B21/02Releasable fastening devices locking by rotation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS OR WEDGES; JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B39/00Locking of screws, bolts or nuts
    • F16B39/02Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place after screwing down
    • F16B39/10Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place after screwing down by a plate, spring, wire or ring immovable with regard to the bolt or object and mainly perpendicular to the axis of the bolt
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members

Abstract

A locking device is disclosed for preventing rotation of one component (40) relative to another component (30) to which it is connected. The locking device comprises a locking plate (10) having a component engaging portion (11, 12) to engage one component (40). A surface of the locking plate (10) is grooved (14) to engage with a grooved surface (24) carried by the other component (30). One or more fixing holes (15) are provided for one or more fixing members (50) to be passed through, to force the grooved surface (14) of the locking plate (10) into engagement with the grooved surface (24) carried by the other component (30). A method of fitting the locking device is also disclosed. As shown the one component is the head of a threaded fastener but the device may be applied to other fastener types. The grooved surface (24) is shown on a plate (20) fixed to component (30) but may be formed directly on the component (30).

Description

1 2412406 Locking Device The present invention relates to locking devices,
in particular to a locking device for preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected.
Inappropriate unfastening or rotation of one component, such as a bayonet connection or threaded fastener, relative to another component can be very problematic. Many different ways of preventing inappropriate unfastening have been devised, which generally involve use of a locking pin or cam surface to prevent rotation of one component relative to the other. For example, it is common to use one or more locking pins that are inserted into sockets in a body in which a bayonet connection or a threaded fastener is located. The locking pins are located adjacent to and arranged to abut against the bayonet connection or threaded fastener to prevent its rotation in one or both directions. A problem with such a method, is that the locking pins are only able to withstand a limited torque, typically 150 lb.f.ft (200 Nm) before failure. When a more secure locking of the bayonet connection or threaded fastener is required, it may be welded in place. However, this prevents its future removal.
Furthermore, use of locking pins generally requires the bayonet connection or threaded fastener to be oriented in a particular manner in order to allow the locking pin to be located in the pre-formed socket making it awkward to lock in place.
Preferred embodiments of the present invention seek to provide an improved locking device.
According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a locking device for preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the locking device comprising a locking plate having a component engaging portion to engage one component, a surface of the locking plate being grooved to engage with a grooved surface carried by the other component and one or more fixing holes for one or more fixing members to be passed through, to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with a grooved surface carried by the other component.
Inter-engagement of the grooved surface of the locking plate with the grooved surface carried by the other component provides a far greater ability to withstand torques than conventional locking fasteners. Examples of locking fasteners illustrating the present invention have been found to withstand torques of greater than 500 lb.f.ft (680 Nm).
The rotation of any two suitable interconnected components may be prevented by the locking device. For example, the locking device may prevent the rotation of a threaded component such as a bolt head or a nut relative to a body in which or to which it is threaded, a bayonet connection relative to a body in which it is provided or two interconnected components such as nuts, attached to each other by a screw thread or some other mechanism.
The grooved surface carried by the other component may be a grooved surface on the other component or a grooved surface fixed to the other component. The grooved surface fixed to the other component may be provided on a medial plate to be attached, in use, to the other component between the other component and the locking plate or a further locking plate engaged with the other component. The medial plate preferably has a receiving hole to be fitted over the first component. The receiving hole in the medial plate should be at least as large as the largest extent of the receiving hole in the locking plate and may be larger than the largest extent of the receiving hole in the locking plate. The receiving hole in the medial plate may have any suitable shape. In a preferred embodiment, the receiving hole in the medial plate is of circular cross- section. The medial plate may be provided with one or more fixing holes to be aligned, in use, with the one or more fixing holes of the locking plate so that the locking plate and medial plate may be fixed to the other component with the same one or more fixing members.
The locking plate component engaging portion may be a receiving hole with an appropriate number of internal corners to engage with the component, over which it is fitted. The internal form of the receiving hole will be dependent upon the external form of the component over which it is to be fitted. The component over which it is fitted may be a bolt head or a nut for example with a polygonal periphery such as a hexagon or an octagon or a cylindrical form with a number of flats machined into it.
The number of internal corners on the locking plate receiving hole is dependent up on the number of axes of symmetry of the component over which it is fitted. The locking plate receiving hole may have twice as many internal corners as the number of sides of the periphery of the component such as the head of a threaded member to which it is to be fitted. Alternatively, it could have the same number of internal corners as the number of sides of the periphery of the component to which it is to be fitted, or three times, four times or any suitable multiple. The internal shape of the receiving hole in the locking plate may be defined by two corresponding polygons of the cross-section of the component, such as the head of a threaded fastener to which it is to be fitted, with each polygon superimposed upon one another, with one polygon being offset relative to the other by an angle of half the interior angle of two adjacent sides of the polygon. For example, for a bolt head with a hexagonal periphery, the locking plate receiving hole is preferably the shape of two corresponding superimposed 30 rotationally offset hexagons with 12 internal corners. For a bolt head with an octagonal periphery the locking plate receiving hole is preferably the shape of two corresponding superimposed 22.5 rotationally offset octagons with 16 internal corners. By providing the locking plate receiving hole with twice as many internal corners as there are sides of the component over which it is fitted, the locking plate will only have to be rotated by a relatively small angle to be able to be fitted over the component with the internal corners engaging the component regardless of the rotational position of the component. For example for a bolt head with a hexagonal periphery, if the locking plate receiving hole has 12 internal corners, the locking plate receiving hole will be able to be fitted over the bolt head with the internal corners engaging the hexagonal periphery of the bolt head with the locking plate only needing to be rotated a maximum of 360 / 12 = 30 whatever the rotational position of the bolt head. For a bolt head with an octagonal periphery, if the locking plate receiving hole has 16 internal corners, the locking plate receiving hole will be able to be fitted over the bolt head with the internal corners engaging the octagonal periphery of the bolt head with the locking plate only needing to be rotated by a maximum of 360 / 16 = 22.5 whatever the rotational position of the bolt head.
The locking plate component engaging portion need not be a receiving hole.
The first component engaged by the component engaging portion may not have an external form which can be engaged, such as a socket cap set screw with an internal recess in an appropriate shape such as a hexagon for example. In this case the component engaging portion on the locking plate would be a protrusion with external corners. The number and position of the external corners would be dependent upon the socket to be engaged, but it may have the same number of external corners as there are internal corners of the socket to correspond to the socket or it may have twice as many, three times as many or any suitable multiple of the number of internal corners in the socket.
The grooves on the locking plate are preferably arranged to extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from the centre of curvature of a circle upon which the polygonal edge of the component engaging portion lies and the grooves on the other component or the medial plate are arranged to extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the centre of curvature of the other component or the centre of curvature of the receiving hole of the medial plate. As the grooves on the locking plate and the other component or medial plate extend substantially radially, the locking plate can be rotated relative to the other component or the medial plate and the grooves will still be aligned and thus able to be engaged with each other to produce good resistance to torque whatever their relative rotational positions.
The grooves preferably comprise a V- shaped cross-sectional profile in order to provide improved grip. The grooves may be provided by ridges extending from the surface of the locking plate and the body or medial plate. Alternatively, the grooves may be provided by ridges extending from one surface and indentations provided in the other corresponding surface.
As the locking plate only needs to be rotated by a relatively small angle to be able to be fitted over the component, with the component engaging portion engaging the component, the grooves need not extend over the whole surface of the locking plate. The grooves can extend over only a portion of the locking plate surface to be able to engage with corresponding grooves on corresponding portions of the other component or the medial plate. The grooves could for example extend in arcs of 90 or less on each side of the locking plate. The grooves on the other component or medial plate could also extend in arcs of 90 or less, or smaller arcs such as 70 or 50 .
As the grooves do not have to extend over the whole surface of the locking plate, machining and production costs are reduced. The grooved surface portions of the plates preferably extend at least in the region of the fixing holes and/or slots.
The one or more locking plate fixing holes are preferably in the form of curved slots with the curve being centered on the centre of curvature of a circle upon which the polygonal edge of the component engaging portion lies. The use of curved slots enables fixing members to be passed through the curved slots to engage fixed points on the other component, such as preformed sockets on a body, whatever the relative orientation of the component and the locking plate. The angle of the curve preferably extends at least the maximum angle through which the locking plate must be rotated for the component engaging portion to be able to engage the component over which it is fitted (for example, as explained earlier 30 for a receiving hole with 12 internal corners to be fitted over a head of a threaded fastener in the form of a bolt head with a hexagonal periphery) plus an allowance for the thickness of a fixing member to be passed through the slot. Typical angles of curved fixing slots for locking plates to be used with different shaped first components may be, for example, substantially 50 or less, substantially 35 or less, substantially 25 or less. There are preferably two curved fixing slots on opposite sides of the component engaging portion.
The locking plate fixing holes or curved slots are arranged for one or more fixing members to be passed therethrough. The fixing members may take any convenient form such as rivets, headed knurled pins or threaded retainers such as screws or bolts to be passed into and secured to the other component through the fixing holes or curved fixing slots of the locking plate. The other component may have preformed sockets which may or may not be threaded to receive the fixing members.
The fixing members preferably have heads to engage the outside surface of the locking plate to force the grooves of the locking plate into engagement with the grooves carried by the other component. If a medial plate is used between the other component and the locking plate, it may have one or more fixing holes through which fixing members may be passed. The one or more fixing holes of the medial plate are preferably arranged such that the one or more fixing members pass through the fixing holes or curved slots of the locking plate and the fixing holes of the medial plate. The one or more fixing members may also engage preformed holes in the body.
According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the method comprising fitting a component engaging portion of a locking plate over one component such that it engages the component and such that a grooved surface of the locking plate engages with a grooved surface carried by another component and passing one or more fixing members through one or more corresponding receiving holes in the locking plate to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with the grooved surface carried by the other component.
An embodiment of the present invention will now be described hereinbelow by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figures la, lb, lo, id, le. lfand la show various views ofalocking plate; 1 S Figures 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e, 2f and 2g show various views of a medial plate; Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a threaded fastener and a body in which it is threaded prior to fitting of the locking fastener; Figure 4 shows a perspective view of a medial plate fitted over a head of the threaded fastener; Figure 5 shows a perspective view of a medial plate and a locking plate fitted over the head of the threaded fastener; Figure 6 shows a perspective view of fixing members passing through fixing holes in the locking plate and the medial plate to secure them to the body and Figures 7a, 7b, 7c, 7d, 7e, 7f, and 7g show various views of the assembled plates and fixing members.
Figure la shows a perspective view of a locking plate 10. The locking plate 10 has a component engaging portion, in this example a receiving hole 11 to be fitted, in use, over a head of a first component (not shown in this Figure). The receiving hole 11 has a plurality of equiangularly spaced internal corners 12 to engage with the head of the first component. A surface 13 of the locking plate 10 has grooves 14 to engage with a grooved surface carried by another component or to which the first component is connected. Two fixing holes, in this example curved fixing slots 15, are provided for fixing members to be passed through to force the grooves 14 of the locking plate into engagement with a grooved surface carried by another component.
Figure lb shows a top view of the locking plate 10. In this example the shape of the receiving hole 11 is defined by two corresponding regular hexagons S superimposed upon one another, with one hexagon being rotated relative to the other by 30 . The peripheral edge of the receiving hole of this example provides 12 internal corners to engage with the corners of a first component which may be a hexagonal head of a threaded fastener or a hexagonal nut for example. When used with components with different shapes, such as square, pentagonal, octagonal etc the shape of the receiving hole 11 will be selected to conform to the shape of the component to be used.
As can be seen in Figure lb, the grooves 14 of the locking plate 10 extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of a circle upon which the polygonal edge of the receiving hole 11 lies. As shown in the side views, Figures lo, id, le and if, the grooves 14 have a generally V-shaped cross-sectional profile. In this example the grooves 14 are recessed into the locking plate 10.
As shown in Figures la, lb and the rear view of the locking plate 10 in Figure 1 g, curved fixing slots 15 are provided on opposite sides of the receiving hole 11. The center of curvature of each curved fixing slot 15 is the same as the center of curvature of a circle upon which the polygonal edge of the receiving hole 11 lies. Each curved fixing slot 15 runs along the same circular line 16 as shown in Figure lg.
Figure 2a shows a perspective view of a medial plate 20 which may be provided between another component, such as a body to which the first component is connected and the locking plate 10. The medial plate 20 has a receiving hole 21 to be fitted, in use, over a head of the first component, which may be a threaded fastener for example. The medial plate 20 need not engage with the threaded fastener and so may have a receiving hole 21 of any shape. In this example it is circular. The medial plate is provided with fixing holes 22 to enable it to be fixed to another component such as a body by passing fixing members such as screws or bolts through the fixing holes 22 and into engagement with the body. A surface 23 of the medial plate 20 is provided with grooves 24 to be engaged with corresponding grooves 14 on a surface 13 of the locking plate 10. Like the grooves 14 of the locking plate 10, the grooves 24 of the medial plate 20 extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of the receiving hole 21.
As shown in the top view of the medial plate 20 in Figure 2b, the fixing holes 22 are provided in the grooved surface 23. They are positioned in this example to be aligned in use with the curved fixing slots 15 of the locking plate 10.
As shown in the side views, Figures 2c, 2d, 2e and 2f, the grooves 24 of the medial plate 20 have a generally V-shaped cross-sectional profile to engage with the grooves 14 of the locking plate. In this example the grooves 24 project out of the medial plate 20 to engage with the recessed grooves 14 of the locking plate 10.
Figure 2g shows a rear view of the medial plate 20 which is to be engaged with a body.
If a second component has suitable grooves to inter-engage with the grooves 14 on the locking plate 10, then the medial plate 20 will not be required.
Figures 3 to 6 show a method of installing the medial plate 20 and locking plate on to a body with a threaded fastener therein.
As shown in Figure 3, the body 30 has a threaded fastener, in this example a bolt with a bolt head 40 having a hexagonal periphery, threaded therein. In the example the body 30 does not have grooves preformed thereon. However, it does have a number of preformed threaded sockets 31 into which threaded fixing members may be secured.
Figure 4 shows a medial plate 20 installed over the bolt head 40 such that the rear face of the medial plate contacts the face of the body 30 and the grooves 24 on the medial plate 20 are presented outwardly. The medial plate 20 could be secured to the body 30 by any suitable means, but in this example it is secured to the body 30 using the same fixing members used to secure the fixing plate 10 to the body 30 as described later. The medial plate fixing holes 22 are aligned with corresponding preformed holes 31 in the body 30 ready for subsequent insertion of fixing members.
Figure 5 shows the locking plate 10 installed over the bolt head 40 with the locking plate 10 contacting the medial plate 20 with their respective grooves 14, 24 engaged. In this example the bolt head 40 has a hexagonal periphery and the locking plate 10, as described in detail with reference to Figures la to la, has a receiving hole 11 with an internal periphery defined by two corresponding regular hexagons superimposed upon one another, with one hexagon being rotated relative to the other by 30 to produce 12 internal corners. Installing the receiving hole 11 of the locking plate over the bolt head 40 may involve rotating the locking plate 10 about the center of curvature of a circle upon which the polygonal edge of the receiving hole 11 lies by up to 30 to position the internal corners 12 into engagement with the sides of the bolt head 40. As the locking plate 10 only needs to be rotated by a relatively small angle for the internal corners 12 to engage the edge of the bolt head 40, the curved fixing slots 15 can be aligned with the fixing holes 22 of the medial plate 20 and the preformed holes 21 in the body 30.
Figure 6 shows the insertion of retainers 50 through the aligned curved fixing slots 15 of the locking plate 10, the fixing holes 22 of the medial plate 20 and the preformed holes 31 in the body. In this example the retainers 50 are threaded bolts, but they need not be threaded and could be rivets or headed knurled pins for example.
Tightening of the threaded retainers 50 forces the grooves 11, 24 of the plates 10, 20 into engagement with each other which provides a very strong resistance to torques applied to the bolt head 40 which could otherwise cause undesired loosening of the bolt head 40. The threaded retainers in this example have a head 51 with a circular periphery and a hexagonal recess or socket 52 therein. As the head 51 has a circular periphery it is resistant to torque forces. The threaded retainers 50 are tightened by positioning a special key (not shown) into the hexagonal recess or socket 52 and rotating the key.
Figure 7a shows a perspective view of the locking plate 10, the medial plate 20 and the retainers 50 with the body and bolt head omitted for clarity. The relative rotational positions of the locking plate 10 and medial plate 20 will have been defined by the rotational position of the bolt head. The locking plate will have been rotated by up to 30 (for this example with a hexagonal bolt head and a receiving hole with 12 internal corners) to engage the internal corners with the sides of the bolt head. The curve of slots 15 extends by 30 relative to the center of curvature plus an allowance for the thickness of the threaded retainers to ensure that the curved slots 15 can be aligned with the fixing holes 22 of the medial plate 20, whatever the rotation of the locking plate 10. In practice, for a hexagonal bolt head 40 and a receiving hole with 12 internal corners the curve of slots 15 may extend between approximately 30 and 35o Figure 7b shows a front view of the locking device and Figure 7c, 7d, 7e and 7f show side views of the locking device with a threaded portion 53 of the threaded retainers which is secured in the body in view. Figure 7g shows the rear view of the locking device.
It would be possible to use the grooves to measure how much a threaded connector had been tightened. For example if the end user had the locking device assembled over a threaded connector and a leak occurred he/she would need to tighten the threaded connector slightly. In the past any such tightening would be recorded simply as 1/16 of a turn. However, if the locking device of the present invention was used, the end user could lift the locking plate out of the corresponding grooves with which it was engaged and then tighten the threaded connector by 1 groove (i.e. until the next pair of grooves lined up). In this case the tightening would be recorded as 1 groove rasher then the cruder 1/16Ofaturn.
The locking plate 10 and medial plate 20 could be made from any suitable material such as a metal or a plastic. However, if used in aggressive environments stainless steel has been found to advantageously provide the required strength and corrosion resistance.
Many variations may be made to the example described above whilst still falling within the scope of the present invention. For example, if the second component had suitable preformed grooves, the medial plate 20 would not be required.
Furthermore, the retainers 50 could be screws to be screwed through the curved fixing slots 15 of the locking plate and the fixing holes 22 of the medial plate into the body 30 or need not be threaded at all and could be rivets or headed knurled pins for example. The first component, shown as a bolt head 40, in figures 3 to 6 need not have an external form which can be locked. This would be the case for example with a socket cap. In this case the locking plate would have a component engaging portion in the form of a protrusion with external corners to engage the inside of the socket cap.
The locking device need not be used to lock a threaded fastener to a body, but could be used with two components connected to each other without a thread, for example in the situation of a bayonet connection. The locking device could also be used without a body by two components such as two nuts being connected to each other by a screw thread or other component.

Claims (16)

  1. I. A locking device for preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the locking device comprising a locking plate having a component engaging portion to engage one component, a surface of the locking plate being grooved to engage with a grooved surface carried by the other component and one or more fixing holes for one or more fixing members to be passed through, to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with the grooved surface carried by the other component.
  2. 2. A locking device according to claim 1, wherein the component engaging portion has corners to engage a component.
  3. 3. A locking device according to claim 2, wherein the component engaging portion is a protrusion with external corners to engage a socket in a component
  4. 4. A locking device according to claim 2, wherein the component engaging portion is a receiving hole to be fitted over a component, with the receiving hole having one or more internal corners to engage a component.
  5. 5. A locking device according to claim 4, wherein the locking plate receiving hole has twice as many internal corners as the number of sides of the periphery of the component to which it is to be fitted.
  6. 6. A locking device according to claim 5, wherein the internal shape of the locking plate receiving hole is defined by two corresponding polygons of the cross- section of the component to which it is to be fitted, with each polygon superimposed upon one another, with one polygon being offset relative to the other by an angle of half the interior angle of two adjacent sides of the polygon.
  7. 7. A locking device according to claim 6, wherein the internal shape of the locking plate receiving hole is defined by two corresponding regular hexagons, with each regular hexagon superimposed upon one another, with one hexagon being offset relative to the other by 30 to produce 12 equiangularly spaced internal corners.
  8. 8. A locking device according to any one or the preceding claims, wherein the grooves on a surface of the locking plate extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of a circle upon which the edge of the component engaging portion lies.
  9. 9. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the grooves on the surface of the locking plate have a V-shaped crosssectional profile.
  10. 10. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the one or more locking plate fixing holes are in the form of curved slots with the curve being centered on the center of curvature of a circle upon which the edge of the component engaging portion lies.
  11. I I. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a medial plate to be attached, in use, to the other component between the other component and the locking plate, the medial plate having a receiving hole to be fitted over the first component and a grooved surface to engage with the grooved surface of the locking plate, with the grooves of the medial plate arranged to extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of the receiving hole.
  12. 12. A locking device according to claim 11, wherein the medial plate receiving hole is circular.
  13. 13. A locking device according to claim I 1 or claim 12, wherein the medial plate has fixing holes to be aligned, in use, with the fixing holes or fixing slots of the locking plate.
  14. 14. A locking device substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  15. 15. A method of preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the method comprising fitting a component engaging portion of a locking plate over one component such that it engages the component and such that a grooved surface of the locking plate engages with a grooved surface carried by another component and passing one or more fixing members through one or more corresponding receiving holes in the locking plate to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with the grooved surface carried by the other component.
  16. 16. A method substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
    16. A method according to claim 15, wherein a receiving hole of a medial plate is fitted over the first component prior to fitting the receiving hole of the locking plate, the medial plate having a grooved surface to engage with the grooved surface of the locking plate.
    17. A method substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings. t('
    Amendments to the claims have been filed as follows:
    1. A locking device for preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the locking device comprising a locking plate having a component engaging portion to engage one component to substantially prevent rotation of the locking plate relative to the component, a surface of the locking plate being grooved to engage with a grooved surface carried by the other component and one or more fixing holes for one or more fixing members to be passed through, to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with the grooved surface carried by the other component.
    2. A locking device according to claim 1, wherein the component engaging portion has corners to engage a component.
    3. A locking device according to claim 2, wherein the component engaging portion is a protrusion with external comers to engage a socket in a component 4. A locking device according to claim 2, wherein the component engaging portion is a receiving hole to be fitted over a component, with the receiving hole having one or more internal corners to engage a component.
    5. A locking device according to claim 4, wherein the internal shape of the locking plate receiving hole is defined by two corresponding polygons of the cross section of the component to which it is to be fitted, with each polygon superimposed upon one another, with one polygon being offset relative to the other by an angle of half the interior angle of two adjacent sides of the polygon.
    6. A locking device according to claim 5, wherein the internal shape of the locking plate receiving hole is defined by two corresponding regular hexagons, with each regular hexagon superimposed upon one another, with one hexagon being offset relative to the other by 30 to produce 12 equiangularly spaced internal corners. lo
    7. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the grooves on a surface of the locking plate extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of a circle upon which the edge of the component engaging portion lies.
    8. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the grooves on the surface of the locking plate have a V-shaped crosssectional profile.
    9. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the one or more locking plate fixing holes are in the form of curved slots with the curve being centered on the center of curvature of a circle upon which the edge of the component engaging portion lies.
    10. A locking device according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a medial plate to be attached, in use, to the other component between the other component and the locking plate, the medial plate having a receiving hole to be fitted over the first component and a grooved surface to engage with the grooved surface of the locking plate, with the grooves of the medial plate arranged to extend along circumferentially spaced substantially radial lines extending from substantially the center of curvature of the receiving hole.
    11. A locking device according to claim 10, wherein the medial plate receiving hole is circular.
    12. A locking device according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein the medial plate has fixing holes to be aligned, in use, with the fixing holes or fixing slots of the locking plate.
    13. A locking device substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
    14. A method of preventing rotation of one component relative to another component to which it is connected, the method comprising fitting a component engaging portion of a locking plate over one component such that it engages the component to substantially prevent rotation of the locking plate relative to the component and such that a grooved surface of the locking plate engages with a grooved surface carded by another component and passing one or more fixing members through one or more corresponding receiving holes in the locking plate to force the grooved surface of the locking plate into engagement with the grooved surface carried by the other component.
    15. A method according to claim 14, wherein a receiving hole of a medial plate is fitted over the first component prior to fitting the receiving hole of the locking plate, the medial plate having a grooved surface to engage with the grooved surface of the locking plate.
GB0406879A 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Locking device Expired - Lifetime GB2412406B (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0406879A GB2412406B (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Locking device
PCT/GB2005/001020 WO2005093269A1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-18 Locking device
DE602005008403T DE602005008403D1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-18 LOCKS
AT05764701T ATE402349T1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-18 LOCKING DEVICE
EP05764701A EP1727991B1 (en) 2004-03-26 2005-03-18 Locking device
US11/534,235 US7731463B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2006-09-22 Locking device
NO20064334A NO333995B1 (en) 2004-03-26 2006-09-25 Locking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0406879A GB2412406B (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Locking device

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0406879D0 GB0406879D0 (en) 2004-04-28
GB2412406A true GB2412406A (en) 2005-09-28
GB2412406B GB2412406B (en) 2006-02-15

Family

ID=32188793

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0406879A Expired - Lifetime GB2412406B (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Locking device

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US7731463B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1727991B1 (en)
AT (1) ATE402349T1 (en)
DE (1) DE602005008403D1 (en)
GB (1) GB2412406B (en)
NO (1) NO333995B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005093269A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2452232A (en) * 2007-03-21 2009-03-04 Rolls Royce Plc Nut/bolt retainer
US20210396269A1 (en) * 2020-06-23 2021-12-23 InSitu, Inc., a subsidiary of the Boeing Company Retention washers, propeller retention systems, and related methods

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2637356C (en) * 2008-07-10 2014-04-15 Ifor C. Davies Wheel lug nut locking device
US8347635B2 (en) * 2008-11-28 2013-01-08 Pratt & Whitey Canada Corp. Locking apparatus for a radial locator for gas turbine engine mid turbine frame
SE533237C2 (en) 2008-12-19 2010-07-27 Skf Ab A locking plate for use in a locking arrangement and such locking arrangement
US9453824B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2016-09-27 Waters Technologies Corporation Column heater with active pre-heating
GB2482723B (en) * 2010-08-13 2015-05-20 Aker Subsea Ltd Securing assembly for screwed hose end connectors
US8474426B1 (en) 2010-11-05 2013-07-02 William Gaterman Roller lifter assembly
WO2013133934A1 (en) * 2012-03-08 2013-09-12 Waters Technologies Corporation Pre-column heating of mobile phase solvent in chromatography systems
US8950824B2 (en) * 2012-09-04 2015-02-10 Arctic Cat Inc. Wheel hub nut retainer plate
US8997618B1 (en) * 2013-01-23 2015-04-07 Marjan Majcen Quick release blade lock assembly
US10086649B2 (en) * 2013-03-12 2018-10-02 Ntn Corporation Bearing device for wheel
GB2554364A (en) * 2016-09-21 2018-04-04 Otegui Van Leeuw Jon Safety locking system design
GB2571272A (en) * 2018-02-21 2019-08-28 Airbus Operations Ltd Fastener locking
US10941675B2 (en) * 2018-11-21 2021-03-09 Raytheon Technologies Corporation Mount assembly with bolt head lock plate(s)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1065822A (en) * 1963-01-28 1967-04-19 English Electric Co Ltd Improvements in locking arrangements for securing a member such as a screw against rotation
US4735533A (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-04-05 Whitey Co. Valve locking assembly
US5094117A (en) * 1990-12-26 1992-03-10 Chrysler Corporation Infinitely adjustable bolt locking plate

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US531024A (en) * 1894-12-18 Nut-lock
US653043A (en) * 1900-04-21 1900-07-03 Elias Forney Nut-lock.
US874773A (en) * 1907-04-13 1907-12-24 Herman B Lake Nut-lock.
US916997A (en) * 1908-11-03 1909-04-06 John Thomas Chadwick Nut-lock.
US1088515A (en) * 1913-07-02 1914-02-24 Alphonse Bazin Nut-lock.
US1190318A (en) * 1914-07-29 1916-07-11 Axel Nelson Nut-lock.
US2190075A (en) * 1938-05-05 1940-02-13 Love Dumont Locomotive wedge bolt nut lock device
US3493026A (en) * 1968-07-16 1970-02-03 Burroughs Corp Locking means for helically movable elements
GB1604028A (en) * 1977-10-27 1981-12-02 Cannon Rubber Ltd Vehicle mud flap assembly
US4734001A (en) * 1985-07-17 1988-03-29 Bennett Bruce A Locking fastener
US4940374A (en) * 1988-10-24 1990-07-10 Gallagher Roy L Locking bolts for vehicle exhaust manifold pipes
US5415509A (en) * 1993-12-13 1995-05-16 Chrysler Corporation Infinitely adjustable fastener lock plate and ring
US5533849A (en) * 1994-07-15 1996-07-09 Hi-Shear Corporation Self-locking nut for a wheel bearing
US6439616B1 (en) * 2001-03-29 2002-08-27 General Electric Company Anti-rotation retainer for a conduit
US6948782B2 (en) * 2003-05-21 2005-09-27 The Toro Company Wheel hub assemblies with anti-rotate feature for use with zero-radius-turning vehicle

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1065822A (en) * 1963-01-28 1967-04-19 English Electric Co Ltd Improvements in locking arrangements for securing a member such as a screw against rotation
US4735533A (en) * 1986-03-27 1988-04-05 Whitey Co. Valve locking assembly
US5094117A (en) * 1990-12-26 1992-03-10 Chrysler Corporation Infinitely adjustable bolt locking plate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2452232A (en) * 2007-03-21 2009-03-04 Rolls Royce Plc Nut/bolt retainer
US20210396269A1 (en) * 2020-06-23 2021-12-23 InSitu, Inc., a subsidiary of the Boeing Company Retention washers, propeller retention systems, and related methods

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE602005008403D1 (en) 2008-09-04
US7731463B2 (en) 2010-06-08
GB2412406B (en) 2006-02-15
EP1727991B1 (en) 2008-07-23
WO2005093269A1 (en) 2005-10-06
NO20064334L (en) 2006-10-26
GB0406879D0 (en) 2004-04-28
NO333995B1 (en) 2013-11-11
US20070041784A1 (en) 2007-02-22
EP1727991A1 (en) 2006-12-06
ATE402349T1 (en) 2008-08-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP1727991B1 (en) Locking device
US6811364B2 (en) Quick connecting threaded coupler
US7484440B2 (en) Asymmetric wrench and fastener system
JP5787350B2 (en) Fastening structure, reaction force washer used therefor, and fastening socket
US6039524A (en) Self-locking safety wheel nut with locking wrench
KR20050076677A (en) Torque limiting fastener
US20140348613A1 (en) Nut And/Or Bolt Head With Jackscrew Actuated Lock Washer Stack
US6619161B1 (en) Anti-tamper nut
KR20160027006A (en) Fastening element and fastening assembly
US5919018A (en) Locking fastener
US5080544A (en) Adjustable locknut assembly
CA2349554C (en) Fastener
EP1371453B1 (en) Asymmetric wrench and fastener system
US20030145691A1 (en) Clamping system for the tool holding fixture of machine tools
JPH07332340A (en) Locking structure for tightened part
EP1454070B1 (en) Security nut, bolt and screw
CA1320364C (en) Locking device for threaded fastener
AU2008200632B2 (en) Locking washer
AU728332B2 (en) Lock nut and attaching/removing tool for the same
EP0947716A2 (en) Fastener system with cross-slot recess and cross-slot bit
WO2004042243A1 (en) Apparatus for locking screw-threaded fixing devices
JP2633037B2 (en) Nut structure
GB2258026A (en) Two-part lock nuts.
TW202317330A (en) Advanced holding apparatus
JP2002168217A (en) Screw to prevent unlocking