GB2383925A - Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes - Google Patents

Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2383925A
GB2383925A GB0200171A GB0200171A GB2383925A GB 2383925 A GB2383925 A GB 2383925A GB 0200171 A GB0200171 A GB 0200171A GB 0200171 A GB0200171 A GB 0200171A GB 2383925 A GB2383925 A GB 2383925A
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United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
signal
window
sequence
time
signals
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0200171A
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GB0200171D0 (en
Inventor
Paul Cook
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
UbiNetics Ltd
Original Assignee
UbiNetics Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by UbiNetics Ltd filed Critical UbiNetics Ltd
Priority to GB0200171A priority Critical patent/GB2383925A/en
Publication of GB0200171D0 publication Critical patent/GB0200171D0/en
Publication of GB2383925A publication Critical patent/GB2383925A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/7073Synchronisation aspects
    • H04B1/7075Synchronisation aspects with code phase acquisition
    • H04B1/70754Setting of search window, i.e. range of code offsets to be searched
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/707Spread spectrum techniques using direct sequence modulation
    • H04B1/7097Interference-related aspects
    • H04B1/711Interference-related aspects the interference being multi-path interference
    • H04B1/7115Constructive combining of multi-path signals, i.e. RAKE receivers

Abstract

Typically a 3G mobile device looks for new signals by searching over a fixed-size window centred around the position of the initial signal. However, depending on the size of the window, signals that appear or disappear quickly (i.e. interrupted signals) may never be spotted if the window size is large, and strong signals that have a time-offset far from the initial signal may not be spotted if the window is small in size. The invention provides a method of detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device by correlating with a common pilot channel, comprising the step of searching for a signal by running a sequence of varying window sizes covering different ranges of time-offsets from a given initial signal. This enables the detection of both fast fading signals and strong stable signals.

Description

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APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING SIGNALS FOR A MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVICE The present invention relates to mobile telecommunications technology, and in particular, to an apparatus and method of detecting signals by correlating with the common pilot channel (CPICH) for Third Generation (3G) technology.

The common pilot channel CPICH is a continuous loop broadcast of the base station (BS) scrambling code which provides identification of the BS transmission. A mobile telecommunications device uses the CPICH as a coherent reference for precise measurement of the BS time reference, as well as to determine the signal strength of surrounding base stations before and during cell site hanover. It is important for the mobile telecommunications device to be able to detect this signal, as it must correlate against this reference signal before any other channels can be received.

As the signals making up the common pilot channel CPICH broadcast travel along their path, they may encounter objects such as trees and buildings which they bounce off. This results in the path length as well as path direction of some of the signals changing. Thus the 3G mobile device will be encountering signals which arrive at different times due to the interrupted and differing path lengths travelled by the signals. So as to minimise errors in reading the signal being broadcast by the BS, the 3G mobile device seeks to detect as many signals as it can.

When a 3G mobile device searches for new signals, it correlates with the common pilot channel (CPICH) over a range of time-offsets from a given initial signal, referred to in this specification as a window.

Typically a 3G mobile device looks for new signals by searching over a fixed-size window centred around the position of the initial signal. However, depending on the size of the window, signals that appear or disappear quickly (i. e. interrupted signals) may never be spotted if the window size is large, and strong signals that have a time-offset far from the initial signal may not be spotted if the window is small in size.

The ability to spot potential signals, both'fast'and'slow'as well as having timeoffsets near and far from an initial signal, is critical to the overall performance of 3G mobile devices. Hence there is a pressing need to address these problems.

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The present invention seeks to address or significantly mitigate one or more of the afore-mentioned problems.

According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a method of detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device by correlating with a common pilot channel, comprising the step of: searching for a signal by progressing through a sequence of varying window sizes covering different ranges of time-offsets from a given initial signal. This advantageously enables the detection of both fast fading signals and strong stable signals.

In a preferred embodiment the sequence progresses in steps from a small window size to a large window size relative to the time-offset from the initial signal.

In a further embodiment the sequence progresses in steps from a large window size to a small window size relative to the time-offset from the initial signal.

Preferably, the sequence is a short sequence comprising three to six steps.

Preferably still, the step of searching for the signal is carried out by moving through the sequence in cycles.

According to a second aspect of the invention there is provided an apparatus for detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device by correlating with a common pilot channel, comprising: searching means for searching for a signal by progressing through a sequence of varying window sizes covering different ranges of time-offsets from a given initial signal.

In a preferred embodiment the searching means comprises: window sizing means for evaluating and setting the size of the windows in the sequence; and window sequencing means for progressing through the window sizes in an ordered sequence of steps covering the ranges of time-offsets from the initial signal.

According to a third aspect of the invention there is provided a computer readable storage medium storing instructions that, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to perform the method according to the first aspect.

<Desc/Clms Page number 3>

Other aspects and features of the present invention will become apparent to those ordinarily skilled in the art upon review of the following description of the specific embodiments of the invention in conjunction with the accompanying figures.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example only, with reference to the drawings in which: Figure 1 is a schematic diagram representing a ray-search algorithm with a small, fixed-sized window centred around an initial signal, as presently being used in the prior art; Figure 2 is a schematic diagram representing a ray-search algorithm with a large, fixed-sized window centred around an initial signal, as presently being used in the prior art; and Figure 3 is a schematic diagram representing a ray-search algorithm according to an embodiment of the invention, where the search involves searching over a window whose size steps through a short sequence from small to large.

As mentioned earlier, when a 3G mobile device searches for new signals, it correlates with the common pilot channel (CPICH) over a range of time-offsets from a given initial signal. This window of time-offsets must be of finite size, and Figures 1 and 2 illustrate the effects of using ray-search algorithms with such fixed-size windows.

The effect of using a ray-search algorithm with a small, fixed-size window 2 centred around an initial signal 3 is shown in Figure 1. A'fast fading'signal 4, i. e. a signal that appears and disappears quickly, that has a time-offset relatively close to the initial signal 3, has a good chance of being detected by the mobile device.

Whereas, a strong stable signal that has a time-offset relatively far from the initial signal 3 is less likely to be detected as it does not coincide with the search window.

The effect of using a similar ray-search algorithm but with a large, fixed-size window 6 centred around the initial signal 3 is shown in figure 2. Here it may be seen that the strong stable signal 7 that has a time-offset relatively far from the initial signal 3 will be detected. However, the fast fading signal 4 that has a time-offset relatively

<Desc/Clms Page number 4>

near to the initial signal 3 is much less likely to be detected due to the increased time taken to search the larger window 6.

A preferred embodiment is shown in Figure 3, and involves searching over a window whose size varies in steps 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d in a short sequence from a relatively small window size 8a to a relatively large window size 8d, with respect to the initial signal 3. It may be seen from Figure 3 that the strong stable signal 7 that has a time-offset relatively far from the initial signal 3 will be detected eventually. In addition, the fast fading signal 4 which has a time-offset relatively close to the initial signal 3 is more likely to be detected than in the case of the large, fixed-size window 6 of figure 2.

By cycling through the sequence of window sizes 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d, fast fading signals 4 are searched more frequently thereby giving these signals a better chance of being detected. Signals having large time-offsets will also be searched, albeit less often, allowing strong stable signals 7 having these large time-offsets to be detected.

The sequence of varying window sizes 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d effectively allows both small time-offsets and large time-offsets to be searched for by the 3G mobile device.

Instead of the sequence of window steps going from a relatively small time-offset to a large time-offset with respect to the initial signal 3, the sequence may go from a relatively large time-offset to a relatively small time-offset with respect to the initial signal 3. Alternatively, the sequence of window steps may run in some other order that is not graded according to size, and which allows both small and large timeoffsets to be searched.

The application of the invention is by no means limited to 3G mobile phones, and may instead be realised in, amongst other things, personal digital assistants, laptop computers and other mobile/portable electronic devices incorporating wireless telecommunications functions.

Although the embodiments of the invention described with reference to the drawings comprise computer apparatus and processes performed in computer apparatus, the invention also extends to computer programs, particularly computer programs on or in a carrier, adapted for putting the invention into practice. The program may be in

<Desc/Clms Page number 5>

the form of source code, object code, a code intermediate source and object code such as in partially compiled form, or in any other form suitable for use in the implementation of the processes according to the invention. The carrier be any entity or device capable of carrying the program.

For example, the carrier may comprise a storage medium, such as ROM, for example a CD ROM or a semiconductor ROM, or a magnetic recording medium, for example a floppy disc or hard disk. Furthermore, the carrier may be a transmissible carrier such as an electrical or optical signal which may be conveyed via electrical or optical cable or by radio or other means.

When the program is embodied in a signal which may be conveyed directly by a cable or other device or means, the carrier may be constituted by such cable or other device or means.

Alternatively, the carrier may be an integrated circuit in which the program is embedded, the integrated circuit being adapted for performing, or for use in the performance of, the relevant processes.

Although the invention has been shown and described with respect to a best mode embodiment thereof, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing and various other changes, omissions and additions in the form and detail thereof may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

  1. CLAIMS 1. A method of detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device by correlating with a common pilot channel, comprising the step of: searching for a signal by progressing through a sequence of varying window sizes covering different ranges of time-offsets from a given initial signal.
  2. 2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the sequence progresses in steps from a small window size to a large window size relative to the time-offset from the initial signal.
  3. 3. A method according to claim 1, wherein the sequence progresses in steps from a large window size to a small window size relative to the time-offset from the initial signal.
  4. 4. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the sequence is a short sequence comprising 3 to 6 steps.
  5. 5. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the step of searching for the signal is carried out by moving through the sequence in cycles.
  6. 6. An apparatus for detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device by correlating with a common pilot channel, comprising: searching means for searching for a signal by progressing through a sequence of varying window sizes covering different ranges of time-offsets from a given initial signal.
  7. 7. An apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the searching means comprises: window sizing means for evaluating and setting the size of the windows in the sequence; and window sequencing means for progressing through the window sizes in an ordered sequence of steps covering the ranges of time-offsets from the initial signal.
  8. 8. A method as substantially described herein with reference to Figure 3 of the accompanying drawings.
    <Desc/Clms Page number 7>
  9. 9. An apparatus as substantially described herein with reference to Figure 3 of the accompanying drawings.
  10. 10. A computer readable storage medium storing instructions that, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to perform a method of detecting a signal for a mobile telecommunications device according to Claim 1.
GB0200171A 2002-01-04 2002-01-04 Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes Withdrawn GB2383925A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0200171A GB2383925A (en) 2002-01-04 2002-01-04 Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0200171A GB2383925A (en) 2002-01-04 2002-01-04 Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes
AU2002352442A AU2002352442A1 (en) 2002-01-04 2002-12-18 Apparatus and method for detecting signals for a mobile telecommunications device
PCT/GB2002/005767 WO2003056714A1 (en) 2002-01-04 2002-12-18 Apparatus and method for detecting signals for a mobile telecommunications device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0200171D0 GB0200171D0 (en) 2002-02-20
GB2383925A true GB2383925A (en) 2003-07-09

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GB0200171A Withdrawn GB2383925A (en) 2002-01-04 2002-01-04 Pilot signal detection using varying window sizes

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GB (1) GB2383925A (en)
WO (1) WO2003056714A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT420497T (en) * 2003-11-22 2009-01-15 Alcatel Lucent Method for determining the delays in a multipath channel

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4905302A (en) * 1987-06-03 1990-02-27 General Electric Company Trunked radio repeater system
WO1996004716A1 (en) * 1994-07-29 1996-02-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for performing code acquisition in a cdma communications system
WO1996031959A1 (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-10-10 Oki Telecom Artificial window size interrupt reduction system for cdma receiver
US5781543A (en) * 1996-08-29 1998-07-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Power-efficient acquisition of a CDMA pilot signal
US5790589A (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-08-04 Qualcomm Incorporated System and method for rapidly reacquiring a pilot channel
US5966402A (en) * 1995-11-22 1999-10-12 Sony Corporation Method and apparatus for detecting pilot signals and subscriber
WO2000079749A1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2000-12-28 At & T Wireless Services, Inc. Methods and apparatus for use in obtaining frequency synchronization in an ofdm communication system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4905302A (en) * 1987-06-03 1990-02-27 General Electric Company Trunked radio repeater system
WO1996004716A1 (en) * 1994-07-29 1996-02-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for performing code acquisition in a cdma communications system
WO1996031959A1 (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-10-10 Oki Telecom Artificial window size interrupt reduction system for cdma receiver
US5966402A (en) * 1995-11-22 1999-10-12 Sony Corporation Method and apparatus for detecting pilot signals and subscriber
US5790589A (en) * 1996-08-14 1998-08-04 Qualcomm Incorporated System and method for rapidly reacquiring a pilot channel
US5781543A (en) * 1996-08-29 1998-07-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Power-efficient acquisition of a CDMA pilot signal
WO2000079749A1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2000-12-28 At & T Wireless Services, Inc. Methods and apparatus for use in obtaining frequency synchronization in an ofdm communication system

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Publication number Publication date
GB0200171D0 (en) 2002-02-20
AU2002352442A1 (en) 2003-07-15
WO2003056714A1 (en) 2003-07-10

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