GB2355935A - Unicompartmental knee prosthesis - Google Patents

Unicompartmental knee prosthesis Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2355935A
GB2355935A GB0010779A GB0010779A GB2355935A GB 2355935 A GB2355935 A GB 2355935A GB 0010779 A GB0010779 A GB 0010779A GB 0010779 A GB0010779 A GB 0010779A GB 2355935 A GB2355935 A GB 2355935A
Authority
GB
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
component
tibial
meniscal
knee
surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0010779A
Other versions
GB0010779D0 (en )
Inventor
Richard Ian Rawlinson
David Mark Fletcher
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Corin Ltd
Original Assignee
Corin Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2002/3895Joints for elbows or knees unicompartimental

Abstract

A unicompartmental knee prosthesis comprises a femoral component, a meniscal component 20 and a tibial component 30. The tibial component has a planar superior surface portion 34 surrounded by an upstanding lip 36 and the meniscal component has a planar inferior surface 24 of smaller anterior-posterior and medial-lateral dimensions than the planar superior surface portion of the tibial component such that, in use, limited anterior-posterior, medial-lateral and rotational movement of the meniscal component relative to the tibial component is allowed. In a preferred embodiment, the peripheral wall 26 of the meniscal component is undercut at 28 to receive the lip 36 of the tibial component.

Description

2355935 UNICOMPARTMENTAL KNEE PROSTHESIS This invention relates to a

unicompartmental knee prosthesis.

Unicompartmental knee prostheses, which allow replacement of only one side of a knee joint, are known. This type of prosthesis is used when one side of a knee joint is damaged or diseased but the other side is sufficiently healthy to continue to function normally. Unicompartmental replacement of one side or the other of the knee joint avoids unnecessary removal of healthy bone and other tissue, reduces the recovery time of the patient and gives a higher probability of restoration of full function of the knee joint.

Most known unicompartmental. knee prostheses consist effectively of two components, the tibial component and the femoral component, although the tibial component may be formed from a metal base and a high-strength, low friction plastics upper surface fixedly connected to the -base. This means that the tibial component must be accurately located with respect to the femoral component, otherwise the knee joint will not manipulate smoothly and will not allow for maintenance of a high contact area between the femoral component and the plastics upper surface of the tibial component. Providing accurate location of the tibial component significantly increases the length of the operative procedure because careful and expensive manipulative tests must be carried out before final location of the respective parts can be achieved. Also, the femoral component rotates whilst articulating with the tibial component and, therefore, the knee and tibial component are incongruent for a substantial part of the movement cycle - This problem has been overcome by providing a mobile meniscal component with a shaped upper side (superior surface) congruent with the femoral component, and a flat underside (inferior surface) to slide on the fixed tibial component.

The present invention seeks to provide an improved unicompartmental three-part knee prosthesis.

According to the present invention, there is provided a unicompartmental knee prosthesis comprising a femoral component, a meniscal component and a tibial component, the tibial component having a planar superior surface portion surrounded or substantially surrounded by an upstanding lip and the meniscal component having a planar inferior surface of smaller anterior-posterior and medial- lateral dimensions than the planar superior surface portion of the tibial component, the meniscal and tibial components being freely separable from one another in a direction perpendicular to the planar superior surface of the tibial component and the meniscal component being, in use, permitted limited anterior-posterior, medial-lateral and rotational movement relative to the tibial component.

The meniscal component has a peripheral wall between its inferior and superior surfaces, and preferably the lower portion of the peripheral wall is recessed so as to be capable of receiving the upstanding lip of the tibial component.

The tibial and femoral components are preferably formed of metal, typically a cobalt-chromium alloy, or a ceramic material, typically alumina. The meniscal component may be made from ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.

The invention will now be more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is an enlarged side view of a femoral component forming part of an embodiment of a unicompartmental knee prosthesis according to the invention with fixing means omitted, Figure 2 is a side view of a meniscal component forming part of the embodiment of the unicompartmental knee prosthesis according to the invention, Figure 3 is a front view of the meniscal component shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 is a plan view of the meniscal component shown in Figure 2, Figure 5 is a side view of a tibial component forming part of the embodiment of the unicompartmental knee prosthesis according to the invention with fixing means omitted, and Figure 6 is a plan view of the tibial component shown in Figure 5.

-4 Referring now to the drawings, the individual components of a unicompartmental knee prosthesis are shown. These comprise a femoral component 10, a meniscal component 20 and a tibial component 30. The femoral component 10 is shown in Figure 1, and consists essentially of a unicondylar surface 12. The femoral component 10 is of standard shape and also includes some form of fixing component (not shown), such as a femoral stem. The femoral component 10 can be fixed to the prepared femur of the recipient of the prosthesis assembly by the fixing component. The fixing component forms no part of the present invention and will not be described in further detail.

The meniscal component 20 is shown in Figures 2 to 4. As shown in Figure 4, the meniscal component 20 is generally oval in plan view. The meniscal component 20 has a superior condylar surface 22, which is shaped to interact with and support the condylar surface 12 of the femoral component 10 such that both components, when in contact through the range of motion, are fully congruent. The meniscal component 20 also incorporates a planar inferior surface 24 and a peripheral wall 26 between the superior and inferior surfaces 22 and 24. The lower portion of the peripheral wall 26 is uniformly undercut to fonn a recess 28 extending around the perimeter of the inferior surface 24. 20 The tibial component 30 is shown in Figures 5 and 6. As shown in Figure 6, the tibial component is generally D-shaped in plan view. Essentially, the tibial component 30 comprises a superior surface 32 having a planar portion 34 across which the inferior surface 24 of the meniscal component 20 is intended to glide -5 during use. The tibial component 30 also incorporates an upstanding lip 36, which projects from the superior surface 32 and surrounds the planar portion 34. The tibial component 30 also incorporates fixing means (not shown) for fixing to the prepared tibia, the fixing means typically taking the form of pegs or stems. The fixing means can be varied according to requirements and form no part of the present invention.

During normal working operation of the knee prosthesis, the recess 28 of the meniscal component 20 is capable of receiving the upstanding lip 36, and the relative dimensions of the inferior surface 24 of the meniscal component 20 and the planar portion 34 of the tibial component 30 are such that the anterior- posterior, medial-lateral and rotational movement of the meniscal component 20 with respect to the tibial component 30 is limited. There is no mechanical restraint between the meniscal component and the tibial component. These two components are freely separable from one another in a direction perpendicular to the planar superior surface of the tibial component.

The femoral component 10 and the tibial component 30 are formed from metal, preferably a cobalt-chromium alloy, or from a ceramic material, typically alumina. The meniscal component 20 is preferably formed of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.

The condylar surface 12 of the femoral component 10 and the planar portion 34 of the superior surface 32 are highly polished to give a smooth finish. The fixing components of the femoral and tibial components and/or the other surfaces -6which are designed to contact bone may be provided with a textured finish designed to encourage bone fixation. These surfaces may also be coated with an appropriate metal plasma coating and/or an osteoinductive coating such as hydroxyapatite.

The fact that the meniscal component 20 can move anteriorally, posteriorally, laterally and medially and can also rotate, all with respect to the tibial component 30, means that the meniscal component 20 can, within certain limits, select its own preferred position with respect to the tibial component 30. This means that the knee prosthesis can also tolerate small amounts of misalignment between the femoral and tibial components 10 and 30 created during the operative procedure.

The embodiment described above is given by way of example only and various modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

-7CLAIMS
1. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis comprising a femoral component, a meniscal component and a tibial component, the tibial component having a planar superior surface portion surrounded or substantially surrounded by an upstanding lip and the meniscal component having a planar inferior surface of smaller anterior posterior and medial-lateral dimensions than the planar superior surface portion of the tibial component, the meniscal and tibial components being freely separable from one another in a direction perpendicular to the planar superior surface of the tibial component and the meniscal component being, in use, permitted limited anterior posterior, medial-lateral and rotational movement relative to the tibial component.
2. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis as claimed in claim 1, wherein the meniscal component has a peripheral wall between its inferior and superior surfaces, and the lower portion of the peripheral wall is recessed so as to be capable of receiving the upstanding lip of the tibial component.
3. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the tibial and femoral components are formed of metal.
4. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis as claimed in claim 3, wherein the tibial and femoral components are formed of a cobalt-chromium alloy.
5. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis as claimed in claim I or claim 2, wherein the tibial and femoral components are formed of a ceramic material.
6. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis according to any preceding claim, wherein the meniscal component is made from ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
7. A unicompartmental knee prosthesis substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB0010779A 1999-11-06 2000-05-05 Unicompartmental knee prosthisis Withdrawn GB0010779D0 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9926215A GB9926215D0 (en) 1999-11-06 1999-11-06 Unicmpartmental knee prosthesis

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0010779D0 GB0010779D0 (en) 2000-06-28
GB2355935A true true GB2355935A (en) 2001-05-09

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GB9926215A Ceased GB9926215D0 (en) 1999-11-06 1999-11-06 Unicmpartmental knee prosthesis
GB0010779A Withdrawn GB0010779D0 (en) 1999-11-06 2000-05-05 Unicompartmental knee prosthisis

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9926215A Ceased GB9926215D0 (en) 1999-11-06 1999-11-06 Unicmpartmental knee prosthesis

Country Status (1)

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GB (2) GB9926215D0 (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1374804A2 (en) * 2002-06-18 2004-01-02 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Porous unicondylar knee prosthesis
US7896922B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2011-03-01 Alexandria Research Technologies, Llc Implants for partial knee arthroplasty
US8002840B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2011-08-23 Depuy Products, Inc. Systems and methods for compartmental replacement in a knee
US8048163B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2011-11-01 Zimmer, Inc. Knee arthroplasty prosthesis
US8142510B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-03-27 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly having a non-planar interface
US8147558B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-04-03 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly having multiple articulation interfaces
US8147557B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-04-03 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing insert having offset dwell point
US8328874B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-12-11 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly
US8460391B2 (en) 2002-05-24 2013-06-11 Zimmer, Inc. Modular femoral components for knee arthroplasty
US8535383B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2013-09-17 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Systems and methods for compartmental replacement in a knee
US8764841B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2014-07-01 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Mobile bearing assembly having a closed track
US8852195B2 (en) 2004-07-09 2014-10-07 Zimmer, Inc. Guide templates for surgical implants and related methods
US9675463B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2017-06-13 Paul A. Lotke Patello-femoral prosthesis

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4216549A (en) * 1977-06-02 1980-08-12 Purdue Research Foundation Semi-stable total knee prosthesis
US5358531A (en) * 1990-06-12 1994-10-25 British Technology Group Limited Prosthetic knee joint devices
US5871541A (en) * 1993-11-23 1999-02-16 Plus Endoprothetik, Ag System for producing a knee-joint endoprosthesis
WO2000044316A1 (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-08-03 Aesculap Non-tilt tibial insert

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4216549A (en) * 1977-06-02 1980-08-12 Purdue Research Foundation Semi-stable total knee prosthesis
US5358531A (en) * 1990-06-12 1994-10-25 British Technology Group Limited Prosthetic knee joint devices
US5871541A (en) * 1993-11-23 1999-02-16 Plus Endoprothetik, Ag System for producing a knee-joint endoprosthesis
WO2000044316A1 (en) * 1999-01-28 2000-08-03 Aesculap Non-tilt tibial insert

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7896922B2 (en) 2001-06-14 2011-03-01 Alexandria Research Technologies, Llc Implants for partial knee arthroplasty
US8092545B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2012-01-10 Zimmer, Inc. Knee arthroplasty prosthesis method
US9072605B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2015-07-07 Zimmer, Inc. Knee arthroplasty prosthesis
US8048163B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2011-11-01 Zimmer, Inc. Knee arthroplasty prosthesis
US8092546B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2012-01-10 Zimmer, Inc. Knee arthroplasty prosthesis
US8460391B2 (en) 2002-05-24 2013-06-11 Zimmer, Inc. Modular femoral components for knee arthroplasty
EP1374804A3 (en) * 2002-06-18 2004-04-07 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Porous unicondylar knee prosthesis
EP1374804A2 (en) * 2002-06-18 2004-01-02 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Porous unicondylar knee prosthesis
US8002840B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2011-08-23 Depuy Products, Inc. Systems and methods for compartmental replacement in a knee
US8535383B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2013-09-17 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Systems and methods for compartmental replacement in a knee
US9675463B2 (en) 2004-01-12 2017-06-13 Paul A. Lotke Patello-femoral prosthesis
US8852195B2 (en) 2004-07-09 2014-10-07 Zimmer, Inc. Guide templates for surgical implants and related methods
US8328874B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-12-11 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly
US8147557B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-04-03 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing insert having offset dwell point
US8764841B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2014-07-01 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Mobile bearing assembly having a closed track
US8142510B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-03-27 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly having a non-planar interface
US8147558B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2012-04-03 Depuy Products, Inc. Mobile bearing assembly having multiple articulation interfaces

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB9926215D0 (en) 2000-01-12 grant
GB0010779D0 (en) 2000-06-28 grant

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)