GB2275420B - Organ access systems and trocar assemblies - Google Patents

Organ access systems and trocar assemblies

Info

Publication number
GB2275420B
GB2275420B GB9303504A GB9303504A GB2275420B GB 2275420 B GB2275420 B GB 2275420B GB 9303504 A GB9303504 A GB 9303504A GB 9303504 A GB9303504 A GB 9303504A GB 2275420 B GB2275420 B GB 2275420B
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
access systems
trocar assemblies
organ access
organ
trocar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
GB9303504A
Other versions
GB9303504D0 (en
GB2275420A (en
Inventor
David Ramon Gaunt
Scott Glickman
Original Assignee
David Ramon Gaunt
Scott Glickman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by David Ramon Gaunt, Scott Glickman filed Critical David Ramon Gaunt
Priority to GB9303504A priority Critical patent/GB2275420B/en
Publication of GB9303504D0 publication Critical patent/GB9303504D0/en
Publication of GB2275420A publication Critical patent/GB2275420A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2275420B publication Critical patent/GB2275420B/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • A61B17/3423Access ports, e.g. toroid shape introducers for instruments or hands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3462Trocars; Puncturing needles with means for changing the diameter or the orientation of the entrance port of the cannula, e.g. for use with different-sized instruments, reduction ports, adapter seals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/02Holding devices, e.g. on the body
    • A61M25/04Holding devices, e.g. on the body in the body, e.g. expansible
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3415Trocars; Puncturing needles for introducing tubes or catheters, e.g. gastrostomy tubes, drain catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • A61B17/3431Cannulas being collapsible, e.g. made of thin flexible material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • A61B2017/3445Cannulas used as instrument channel for multiple instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B2017/348Means for supporting the trocar against the body or retaining the trocar inside the body
    • A61B2017/3482Means for supporting the trocar against the body or retaining the trocar inside the body inside
    • A61B2017/3484Anchoring means, e.g. spreading-out umbrella-like structure
    • A61B2017/3486Balloon
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B2017/348Means for supporting the trocar against the body or retaining the trocar inside the body
    • A61B2017/3492Means for supporting the trocar against the body or retaining the trocar inside the body against the outside of the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/06Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2090/062Measuring instruments not otherwise provided for penetration depth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M2025/0191Suprapubic catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/02Holding devices, e.g. on the body
    • A61M2025/0213Holding devices, e.g. on the body where the catheter is attached by means specifically adapted to a part of the human body
    • A61M2025/0233Holding devices, e.g. on the body where the catheter is attached by means specifically adapted to a part of the human body specifically adapted for attaching to a body wall by means which are on both sides of the wall, e.g. for attaching to an abdominal wall
GB9303504A 1993-02-22 1993-02-22 Organ access systems and trocar assemblies Expired - Fee Related GB2275420B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9303504A GB2275420B (en) 1993-02-22 1993-02-22 Organ access systems and trocar assemblies

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9303504A GB2275420B (en) 1993-02-22 1993-02-22 Organ access systems and trocar assemblies

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9303504D0 GB9303504D0 (en) 1993-04-07
GB2275420A GB2275420A (en) 1994-08-31
GB2275420B true GB2275420B (en) 1996-10-09

Family

ID=10730818

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9303504A Expired - Fee Related GB2275420B (en) 1993-02-22 1993-02-22 Organ access systems and trocar assemblies

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2275420B (en)

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7867164B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2011-01-11 Atropos Limited Wound retractor system
US7998068B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2011-08-16 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8016755B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2011-09-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8021296B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2011-09-20 Atropos Limited Wound retractor
US8109873B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-02-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor with gel pad
US8157835B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2012-04-17 Applied Medical Resouces Corporation Access sealing apparatus and method
US8187177B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2012-05-29 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8187178B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2012-05-29 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8226552B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-07-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor
US8235054B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2012-08-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8262568B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2012-09-11 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8267858B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2012-09-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor with gel cap
US8317691B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2012-11-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US8343047B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2013-01-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8375955B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2013-02-19 Atropos Limited Surgical procedure
US8388526B2 (en) 2001-10-20 2013-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retraction apparatus and method
US8540628B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-09-24 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US8574155B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-11-05 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US8597180B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2013-12-03 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US8657740B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2014-02-25 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8703034B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2014-04-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making a tack-free gel
US8734336B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2014-05-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US8752553B2 (en) 1993-09-06 2014-06-17 Atropos Limited Apparatus for use in surgery and a valve
US8758236B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2014-06-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8864658B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2014-10-21 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US8932214B2 (en) 2003-02-25 2015-01-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access system
US8961408B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2015-02-24 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US8986202B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2015-03-24 Atropos Limited Retractor
US9247955B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2016-02-02 Covidien Lp Thoracic access port
US9271753B2 (en) 2002-08-08 2016-03-01 Atropos Limited Surgical device
US9289115B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
US9289200B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
US9351759B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2016-05-31 Atropos Limited Instrument access device

Families Citing this family (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5899208A (en) * 1995-05-08 1999-05-04 Gaya Limited Hand access port
US5545179A (en) * 1995-07-21 1996-08-13 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic access assembly
US6004303A (en) * 1997-12-10 1999-12-21 Phillips Plastics Corporation Choker catheter
IES990219A2 (en) 1999-03-18 2000-11-15 Gaya Ltd A surgical device
IES990218A2 (en) * 1999-03-18 2000-11-15 Gaya Ltd A surgical device
IES990220A2 (en) * 1999-03-18 2000-11-15 Gaya Ltd A surgical device
EP1787675B1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2016-06-15 Coloplast A/S An access member and a system for catheterization of the urinary bladder
GB9927900D0 (en) * 1999-11-25 2000-01-26 Ssl Int Plc Medical device
US6447489B1 (en) 2000-01-18 2002-09-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgey, Inc. Laparoscopic access tool with gas seal
DE10121356B4 (en) 2001-05-02 2005-02-24 Karl Storz Gmbh & Co. Kg The assembly for surgical instruments and valve cage for containing the valve assembly
WO2004107990A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-12-16 Abbott Laboratories Sizing and positioning adapter for medical instruments
US7798998B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2010-09-21 Surgiquest, Inc. Elastically deformable surgical access device
US8795235B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2014-08-05 Surgiquest, Inc. Devices for and methods of performing minimally-invasive surgical procedures through a single incision
US7806870B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2010-10-05 Surgiquest, Incorporated Elastically deformable surgical access device having telescoping guide tube
US8777849B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2014-07-15 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US9119665B2 (en) 2011-03-21 2015-09-01 Covidien Lp Thoracic access port including foldable anchor
US9039610B2 (en) 2011-05-19 2015-05-26 Covidien Lp Thoracic access port
CA2797624A1 (en) 2011-12-07 2013-06-07 Covidien Lp Thoracic access assembly
AU2015289553A1 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-11-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Gels having permanent tack free coatings and method of manufacture
CA2957951A1 (en) 2014-08-15 2016-02-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
WO2016085930A2 (en) 2014-11-25 2016-06-02 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Circumferential wound retraction with support and guidance structures

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1990007311A1 (en) * 1989-01-04 1990-07-12 Bukh Meditec A/S (Niels Bukh A/S) A closure device for an intestinal opening
US5082005A (en) * 1990-12-18 1992-01-21 New England Deaconess Hospital Surgical access device

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1990007311A1 (en) * 1989-01-04 1990-07-12 Bukh Meditec A/S (Niels Bukh A/S) A closure device for an intestinal opening
US5082005A (en) * 1990-12-18 1992-01-21 New England Deaconess Hospital Surgical access device

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8752553B2 (en) 1993-09-06 2014-06-17 Atropos Limited Apparatus for use in surgery and a valve
US9095300B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2015-08-04 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US7998068B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2011-08-16 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8734336B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2014-05-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US8888693B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2014-11-18 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8317691B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2012-11-27 Atropos Limited Wound retractor device
US9277908B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2016-03-08 Atropos Limited Retractor
US8986202B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2015-03-24 Atropos Limited Retractor
US7867164B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2011-01-11 Atropos Limited Wound retractor system
US8740785B2 (en) 1999-10-14 2014-06-03 Atropos Limited Wound retractor system
US8657741B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2014-02-25 Atropos Limited Wound retractor
US8021296B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2011-09-20 Atropos Limited Wound retractor
US8672839B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2014-03-18 Applied Medical Resource Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8105234B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2012-01-31 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8911366B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2014-12-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8070676B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2011-12-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8016755B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2011-09-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8496581B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2013-07-30 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access apparatus and method
US8870904B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2014-10-28 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Access sealing apparatus and method
US8703034B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2014-04-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Method of making a tack-free gel
US8157835B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2012-04-17 Applied Medical Resouces Corporation Access sealing apparatus and method
US8388526B2 (en) 2001-10-20 2013-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retraction apparatus and method
US8235054B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2012-08-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8973583B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2015-03-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US9561024B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2017-02-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US9271753B2 (en) 2002-08-08 2016-03-01 Atropos Limited Surgical device
US9307976B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2016-04-12 Atropos Limited Wound retractor
US8932214B2 (en) 2003-02-25 2015-01-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access system
US9295459B2 (en) 2003-02-25 2016-03-29 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical access system
US8357086B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2013-01-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8187177B2 (en) 2003-09-17 2012-05-29 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US9017254B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-04-28 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hand access laparoscopic device
US8267858B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2012-09-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor with gel cap
US8414487B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2013-04-09 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Circular surgical retractor
US9474519B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2016-10-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hand access laparoscopic device
US8308639B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2012-11-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Split hoop wound retractor with gel pad
US8313431B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2012-11-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Split hoop wound retractor
US8647265B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2014-02-11 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hand access laparoscopic device
US9101354B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-08-11 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor with gel cap
US8109873B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-02-07 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor with gel pad
US8226552B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2012-07-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor
US8961410B2 (en) 2007-05-11 2015-02-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical retractor with gel pad
US8657740B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2014-02-25 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8187178B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2012-05-29 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US9351759B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2016-05-31 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US9408597B2 (en) 2007-06-05 2016-08-09 Atropos Limited Instrument access device
US8343047B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2013-01-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical instrument access device
US8262568B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2012-09-11 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8480575B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2013-07-09 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8721537B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2014-05-13 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8894571B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2014-11-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Single port access system
US8375955B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2013-02-19 Atropos Limited Surgical procedure
US8540628B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-09-24 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US8574155B2 (en) 2010-02-12 2013-11-05 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US9168031B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2015-10-27 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US8961408B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2015-02-24 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US8597180B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2013-12-03 Covidien Lp Expandable thoracic access port
US9247955B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2016-02-02 Covidien Lp Thoracic access port
US8864658B2 (en) 2010-08-12 2014-10-21 Covidien Lp Expandable surgical access port
US9289115B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
US9289200B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-03-22 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Natural orifice surgery system
US9307975B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2016-04-12 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US8758236B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2014-06-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US9241697B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2016-01-26 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor
US9192366B2 (en) 2011-05-10 2015-11-24 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Wound retractor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB9303504D0 (en) 1993-04-07
GB2275420A (en) 1994-08-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5223844B1 (en) Vehicle tracking and security system
AU692484B2 (en) 1N-alkyl-N-arylpyrimidinamines and derivatives thereof
AU674215C (en) Event qualification and notification
KR100176303B1 (en) Refrigerator and condenser
GB2266245B (en) Electrosurgical trocar assembly
GB2293674B (en) Data processing system and operating system
GB2273733B (en) Sealing methods and arrangements
KR970000073B1 (en) Speaker and speaker system employing the same
GB2312378B (en) Introducers and assemblies
AU677605B2 (en) Integrated authoring and translation system
AU7054794A (en) Preselected distance monitoring and locating system
PL320263A1 (en) Dihydropyrimidines and their application
EP0686316A1 (en) Cabinet
IL106612D0 (en) Needleless access stopper
AU6247094A (en) Design and engineering project management system
IL116172D0 (en) Banding system banding tape and methods of using the same
AU2270992A (en) Multiprocessor distributed initialization and self-test system
IL137731D0 (en) Multiple access method and system
IL135360D0 (en) Dilation systems and related methods
AU1297397A (en) Dilator and introducer assembly
EP0542430A3 (en) Information access apparatus and methods
AU3968093A (en) Automated continuous and random access analytical system
GB9313509D0 (en) Chemisynthetic libraries
AUPN733395A0 (en) Location and tracking system
AU4162497A (en) Cascadable content addressable memory and system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20100222