GB2246388A - Garment clip with ratchet - Google Patents

Garment clip with ratchet Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2246388A
GB2246388A GB9011488A GB9011488A GB2246388A GB 2246388 A GB2246388 A GB 2246388A GB 9011488 A GB9011488 A GB 9011488A GB 9011488 A GB9011488 A GB 9011488A GB 2246388 A GB2246388 A GB 2246388A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
ratchet
clip
jaw
garment
means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9011488A
Other versions
GB9011488D0 (en
Inventor
Donald Jack Hogarth
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rainsfords Pty Ltd
Original Assignee
Rainsfords Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Rainsfords Pty Ltd filed Critical Rainsfords Pty Ltd
Priority to GB9011488A priority Critical patent/GB2246388A/en
Publication of GB9011488D0 publication Critical patent/GB9011488D0/en
Publication of GB2246388A publication Critical patent/GB2246388A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G25/00Household implements used in connection with wearing apparel; Dress, hat or umbrella holders
    • A47G25/14Clothing hangers, e.g. suit hangers
    • A47G25/48Hangers with clamps or the like, e.g. for trousers or skirts
    • A47G25/483Hangers with clamps or the like, e.g. for trousers or skirts with pivoting clamps or clips having axis of rotation parallel with the hanger arms
    • A47G25/485Hangers with clamps or the like, e.g. for trousers or skirts with pivoting clamps or clips having axis of rotation parallel with the hanger arms with a plurality of clips integral with, or supported by, the trouser-supporting bar

Abstract

A garment clip (1) disclosed is comprised of first and second jaws (2, 3) pivotably joined together about a hinge line (4). A securement device comprising pawl (6) and ratchet (18) is provided to releasably lock the relative angular position of the two jaws (2, 3). The jaws are provided with a first garment gripping means (10, 11) on the first jaw (2) and a second garment gripping means (12, 13) on the second jaw (3) so that during use, a garment portion to be gripped is sandwiched between the two jaws (2, 3) and the garment gripping means (10, 11, 12, 13). The securement device is configured such that forces applied to the jaws will urge the securement device into tighter engagement such that opening is resisted more strongly. The ratchet is provided on an arm which passes through an aperture in the opposing jaw wherein it engages pawl (6). A release lover (7) is provided for disengagement of the paw and ratchet. <IMAGE>

Description

A GARMENT CLIP The present invention relates to hanger clips and more specifically but not exclusively to hanger clips formed in one piece by a single production operation.

From a first aspect the present invention provides a clip comprising a front jaw and a rear jaw flexibly hinged about a first main geometric axis and defining an included angle therebetween: ratchet means integral with said rear jaw, ratchet engaging means integral with said front jaw for releasably engaging said ratchet means, engagement of said ratchet with said ratchet engaging means allowing said included angle to decrease but not increase.

Preferably the clip is formed in a single production operation.

Due to the configuration and interworking relationship between members of the prior art clips, it has proven difficult to produce hanger clips by a single production operation to date.

A number of advantages are achievable over the prior art by being able to produce hanger clips in a single production operation. Some of the advantages are, a reduction in the production cost of the clips, an ability to form the clips as an integral member of clothing support devices or the like, an ability to mass produce the clips individually or attached to any mass produceable item which incorporates the use of such a clip.

Furthermore, the tooth and ratchet arrangement of the present invention preferably offers added advantages over the prior art by trapping around its periphery the ratchet thus preventing the deflection of the ratchet under load and subsequent release of the tooth thereby.

Also, when a spreading pressure is applied between the jaws, such pressure preferably causes the ratchet tooth to further tighten and engage the opposing clip tooth thus retaining the clip's holding ability.

Furthermore most hanger clips have two jaws which are closed against each other to sandwich part of a garment therebetween. The opposing faces of the two jaws only have a corrugated surface, usually of one or two transverse ribs extending away from the general plane of the jaw.

The effect of the transverse ribs is to fold the gripped garment slightly, thereby increasing the holding power of the clip. Although the transverse ribs increase the gripping power of the clip it is still relatively easy for the gripped garment to slip out of the clip. Furthermore with thick material the ribs do not produce much folding of the material and thus are not very effective.

Accordingly from a further broad aspect, the invention also provides: a garment clip having first and second jaws pivotably joined together about a hinge line, securement means to releasably fix the relative angular position of the two jaws, first garment gripping means on the first jaw, second garment gripping means on the second jaw, wherein in use: the first and second garment gripping means are brought into proximity to grip a piece of the garment, the garment intermediate the two jaws following a three dimensionally curved surface.

Preferably the securement means is a self locking ratchet, wherein a force urging the jaws apart increases the effect of the securement means.

Preferably the first garment gripping means comprises an extrusion extending substantially perpendicularly from the general plane of the first jaw and having two protrusions on its upper surface and the second garment gripping means comprises an extrusion extending substantially perpendicularly from the general plane of the second jaw, the second means, when proximately to the first means, being intermediate the two protrusions.

Preferably, the hanger clip is found as a single unit, the front and rear jaws being hinged along an edge which, when the jaws are in a gripping orientation, may be described as an upper edge. The ratchet may be integrally formed in perpendicular relation to the rear jaw of the ratchet, serrations being formed in the upper surface thereof. The ratchet engaging and release means may be integrally formed in the front jaw so that the ratchet may pass through an opening in the front jaw when the jaws are brought into gripping relation allowing the ratchet engaging means to engage said ratchet. The ratchet engaging and release means may further be described by an arm protruding outwards from the front jaw which when depressed allows the front and rear jaws to be opened and release any item held between them.To further assist in the gripping of items between the front and rear jaws, gripping means are integrally formed on the inside faces of the jaws.

The present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein: Figure 1 shows a sectional elevation of the clip as formed.

Figure 2 shows the front and rear jaws of the clip in the as formed position when viewed from direction A.

Figure 3 shows the front and rear jaws of the clip in the as formed position when viewed from direction B.

Figure 4 shows the clip when in use with a garment hanger.

Figure 5 shows a perspective of a clip according to another embodiment of the invention.

Figure 6 shows a cross-section through the clip of Figure 5 when in a closed position.

The hanger clip 1 is preferably formed of moulded plastic although any material exhibiting resilient characteristics may be used.

Reference to Figure 1 clearly shows the clip 1 in cross sectional elevation as it would appear after forming. The clip 1 can be seen to have a front jaw 2 and rear jaw 3 joined by a resilient hinge 4.

The rear jaw 3 is shown to having integrally formed thereon a ratchet 5 standing substantially perpendicularly to the rear jaw 3.

The front jaw 2 is shown to have integrally attached thereto ratchet engaging means 6 described by a resilient arm 7 and tooth 8. The ratchet engaging means 6 is integrally attached to cross member 9 which also acts as a resilient hinge in respect of the ratchet engaging means 6.

With particular reference to Figures 1 and 3 garment engaging means 10, 11, 12 and 13 are shown formed on-the inside surfaces of front and rear jaws 2 and 3.

Reference to Figure 4 shows the front jaw 2 of the clip 1 to also have integrally formed a flap 14 which assists the user in opening the clip 1 when the clip 1 is in use with a garment hanger 15.

Preferably the clip 1 is integrally formed as part of the garment hanger 15 at each end 16, 17 and thereof as best described in Figure 4.

In the configuration as shown in Figure 4, garments may be supported by the hanger by engaging the garments to be supported with the clips 1.

Engagement of the garments would be carried out by depressing the arm 7 of the ratchet engaging means 6 causing the tooth 8 to be disengaged from the teeth 18 of the ratchet 5. While maintaining the arm 7 in a depressed position, the front jaw 2 is moved forward until the tooth 8 of the ratchet engaging means 6 is clear of the ratchet 5.

Any garment previously engaged between the front and rear jaws 2 and 3 respectively is released or any garment may be placed therebetween.

Having placed a garment between the front jaw 2 and rear jaw 3, the clip 1 is caused to engage the garment by closing the jaws 2 and 3, causing the garment engaging means 10, 11, 12 and 13 to engage the garment and the tooth 8 of the ratchet engaging means 6 to engage the teeth 18 of the ratchet 5.

The ratchet 5, in the clip closed position, is prevented from deflecting and resultingly disengaging the tooth 8 of the ratchet engaging means 6, due to peripheral support supplied to the ratchet 5 by the surround 20 of the opening 21.

Increasing the pressure applied to the front jaw 2 and rear jaw 3 will cause the tooth of the ratchet engaging means 6 to move inwards toward the rear jaw 3 and engage successive teeth 18 of the ratchet 5 until an adequate engagement pressure has been achieved ensuring the secure engagement of a garment.

As applied to a garment hanger 15 the garment engaged by the clips 1 may then be hung on a rack to the like.

Opening pressure applied between the jaws 2 and 3, as encountered by overtightening of the clip 1, causes the jaws 2 and 3 to separate slightly in turn causing the tooth 8 of the ratchet engaging means 6 to further engage the teeth 18 of the ratchet 5 and tighten with respect thereto thus retaining the clip's 1 holding ability. This is because separation of the two jaws 2 and 3 causes a rotation of ratchet engaging means 6 about cross member 9.

To release the garment from the hanger 15, the ratchet engaging means 6 is depressed by applying pressure to the outward end 19 of the resilient arm 7 of the ratchet engaging means 6 causing the cross member 9 to undergo torsional rotating and release the tooth 8 of the ratchet engaging means 6 from the teeth of the ratchet 5.

While depressing the outward end 19 of the resilient arm 7 of the ratchet engaging means 6, the front jaw 2 is then caused to hinge forward releasing the engaged garment.

Referring to Figures 5 and 6 there is shown a clip 100 comprised of a rear jaw 101 and a front jaw 102.

The jaws 101 and 102 are flexibly joined along a hinge line 108, about which they may pivot relative to each other. In Figure 5 the clip is integral with a clothes hanger.

The two jaws 101 and 102 may be rotated about hinge line 108 to trap a piece of clothing between opposing faces 120 and 121. The piece of cloth is gripped by garment grips 109 and 110 located at or adjacent the free ends 122 and 123 of jaws 101 and 102 respectively.

The piece of cloth is also gripped by garment grips 105 and 112, whose operation shall be explained below.

The two jaws 101 and 102 are secured in a gripping position by means of interengagement of saw teeth 111 of ratchet 103 with arm 117 as previously described.

Garment grip 105 comprises an extension 124 extending generally perpendicularly from face 120 towards opposing face 121. The extension 124 is buttressed against downward deflection by buttresses 113. The upper face 125 of extension 124 is generally planar and at its free end are two upwardly directed protrusions 106. The two protrusions 106 are spaced apart so as to define a space therebetween.

Extending from face 12 of front jaw 120 towards opposing face 120 is a second grip 112. The grip 112 is buttressed against deflection by means of buttresses 114. The width of grip 112 is smaller than the space between protrusions 106 and the grip 112 is configured and positioned to overlap the other garment grip 105.

The effect of the interaction of the two garments grips 105 and 112 is that a piece of cloth trapped therebetween is deflected three dimensionally rather than merely two dimensionally along a line, as with interengagements of grips 109 and 110. The piece of cloth trapped by grips 105 and 112 is folded over protrusions 105 and grip 112 if a downward force is applied to the cloth, tending to draw it out of the clip, the cloth pulls tightly against the protrusion 106 and grip 112, thereby resisting disengagement.

Although described with two protrusions 106 and one extension 112, it is apparent that each clip may be manufactured with two extensions and three protrusions 106, defining two spaces, one for each extension.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that different materials and amended configurations may be used without departing from the scope of the present invention and as such it is intended that such variations may be incorporated herein by inference. For example the hinges 4 and 9 may be mutually perpendicular rather than parallel as described.

Claims (22)

THE CLAIMS:
1. A clip comprising: a front jaw and rear jaw flexibly hinged about a first axis and defining an included angle therebetween, ratchet means integral with said rear jaw, ratchet engaging means integral with said front jaw for releasably engaging said ratchet means, engagement of said ratchet with said ratchet engaging means allowing said included angle to decrease but not increase.
2. A clip as claimed in claim 1 wherein said ratchet engaging means is resiliently hinged about a second axis on said front jaw.
3. A clip as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2 wherein an increase in said angle causes said ratchet engaging means to move into closer engagement with said ratchet means.
4. A clip as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3 wherein a line joining the second axis with the point of engagement of the ratchet means with the ratchet engaging means defines an acute angle with the direction of movement of the ratchet means when the angle is increasing.
5. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4 wherein said ratchet engaging means comprises a second elongate arm having a ratchet engaging tooth intermediate its ends, one of said ends resiliently hinged to said front jaw.
6. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5 wherein said ratchet means is located on a first elongate arm protruding from said rear jaw towards said front jaw.
7. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6 wherein said front jaw has an opening therein to allow said first arm to pass therethrough.
8. A clip as claimed in claim 7 wherein the size of said opening prevents substantial deflection of said first arm relative to said rear jaw.
9. A clip as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 8 wherein said first and second axes are parallel.
10. A clip as claimed in any of claims 2 to 8 wherein said first and second axes are mutually perpendicular.
11. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 10 wherein said rear jaw is substantially L-shaped in axial cross section, one end of the L being hinged to said front jaw.
12. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 11 wherein said first arm protrudes perpendicularly from said rear jaw.
13. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 12 wherein said front jaw is substantially planar.
14. A clip as claimed in any of claims 1 to 13 wherein said front and rear jaws have item gripping means on their opposed surfaces.
15. A garment clip comprising first and second jaws pivotably joined together about a hinge line; securement means to releasably lock the relative angular position of the two jawst first garment gripping means on the first jaw; second garment gripping means on the second jaw whereby in use; a piece of garment is sandwiched between the two jaws and garment gripping means, the first and second garment gripping means distorting the garment between themselves into a three dimensionally curved surface.
16. The device of claim 15 wherein the securement means is a ratchet comprised of a ratchet means integral with one jaw and ratchet engaging means integral with the other jaw.
17. The device of claim 16 wherein the ratchet increases the locking force upon application of a force urging the two jaws apart.
18. The device of any of claims 15 to 17 wherein the first garment gripping means comprises a generally planar extension from the first jaw, substantially perpendicular thereto extending towards the second jaw, the free end of the extension having transversly spaced apart protrusions upon an upper face of the extension.
19. The device of claim 18 wherein the protrusions comprise two protrusions at or adjacent each lateral edge of the extension spaced so that the second garment gripping means overlaps the first garment gripping means intermediate the protrusions.
20. The device of any of claims 15 to 19 wherein the first and second garment gripping means are each intermediate the hinge and the free end of the respective jaw.
21. A garment clip substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figures 1 to 4 of the accompanying drawings.
22. A garment clip substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figures 5 and 6 of the accompanying drawings.
GB9011488A 1990-05-23 1990-05-23 Garment clip with ratchet Withdrawn GB2246388A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9011488A GB2246388A (en) 1990-05-23 1990-05-23 Garment clip with ratchet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9011488A GB2246388A (en) 1990-05-23 1990-05-23 Garment clip with ratchet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9011488D0 GB9011488D0 (en) 1990-07-11
GB2246388A true GB2246388A (en) 1992-01-29

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Family Applications (1)

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GB9011488A Withdrawn GB2246388A (en) 1990-05-23 1990-05-23 Garment clip with ratchet

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GB (1) GB2246388A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994017706A1 (en) * 1993-02-05 1994-08-18 Braitrim (Uk) Ltd. Clip for a garment hanger
GB2276078A (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-09-21 Mode Plastics Inc Clothes hanger with clamp and locking devices
FR2706002A1 (en) * 1993-06-03 1994-12-09 Champley Jean Marie Device for fixing a picture or the like inside a frame
GB2413071A (en) * 2005-03-31 2005-10-19 Nick Lewis Adjustable frame garment hanger with attachments

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1162788A (en) * 1967-06-16 1969-08-27 Francisco Bautista Vazquez Fastening and Locking Device
GB1297575A (en) * 1969-07-25 1972-11-22
US3896527A (en) * 1973-05-23 1975-07-29 Cincinnati Biomedical Inc Unitary clamp
US4536924A (en) * 1984-03-05 1985-08-27 Patrick Willoughby One piece clamping device
GB2235244A (en) * 1989-08-01 1991-02-27 Spotless Plastics Pty Limited Improved clip
GB2241986A (en) * 1990-03-16 1991-09-18 Lucas Ind Plc Hose clamp device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1162788A (en) * 1967-06-16 1969-08-27 Francisco Bautista Vazquez Fastening and Locking Device
GB1297575A (en) * 1969-07-25 1972-11-22
US3896527A (en) * 1973-05-23 1975-07-29 Cincinnati Biomedical Inc Unitary clamp
US4536924A (en) * 1984-03-05 1985-08-27 Patrick Willoughby One piece clamping device
GB2235244A (en) * 1989-08-01 1991-02-27 Spotless Plastics Pty Limited Improved clip
GB2241986A (en) * 1990-03-16 1991-09-18 Lucas Ind Plc Hose clamp device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2276078A (en) * 1992-12-14 1994-09-21 Mode Plastics Inc Clothes hanger with clamp and locking devices
GB2276078B (en) * 1992-12-14 1996-10-09 Mode Plastics Inc Clothes hanger with clamp and locking device
WO1994017706A1 (en) * 1993-02-05 1994-08-18 Braitrim (Uk) Ltd. Clip for a garment hanger
US5657518A (en) * 1993-02-05 1997-08-19 Braitrim (Uk) Ltd. Clip for garment hanger
FR2706002A1 (en) * 1993-06-03 1994-12-09 Champley Jean Marie Device for fixing a picture or the like inside a frame
GB2413071A (en) * 2005-03-31 2005-10-19 Nick Lewis Adjustable frame garment hanger with attachments
GB2413071B (en) * 2005-03-31 2007-01-03 Nick Lewis Garment hanger and garment or other clip therefor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB9011488D0 (en) 1990-07-11

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