GB2239607A - Method and apparatus for blood sampling - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for blood sampling Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2239607A
GB2239607A GB9027707A GB9027707A GB2239607A GB 2239607 A GB2239607 A GB 2239607A GB 9027707 A GB9027707 A GB 9027707A GB 9027707 A GB9027707 A GB 9027707A GB 2239607 A GB2239607 A GB 2239607A
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GB
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
needle
part
end
housing
protector
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB9027707A
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GB9027707D0 (en )
Inventor
Andrew William Steer
Original Assignee
Andrew William Steer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • A61M5/321Means for protection against accidental injuries by used needles
    • A61M5/3216Caps placed transversally onto the needle, e.g. pivotally attached to the needle base
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150015Source of blood
    • A61B5/15003Source of blood for venous or arterial blood
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150206Construction or design features not otherwise provided for; manufacturing or production; packages; sterilisation of piercing element, piercing device or sampling device
    • A61B5/150305Packages specially adapted for piercing devices or blood sampling devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150381Design of piercing elements
    • A61B5/150473Double-ended needles, e.g. used with pre-evacuated sampling tubes
    • A61B5/150496Details of construction of hub, i.e. element used to attach the double-ended needle to a piercing device or sampling device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150534Design of protective means for piercing elements for preventing accidental needle sticks, e.g. shields, caps, protectors, axially extensible sleeves, pivotable protective sleeves
    • A61B5/150664Pivotable protective sleeves, i.e. sleeves connected to, or integrated in, the piercing or driving device, and which are pivoted for covering or uncovering the piercing element
    • A61B5/150671Pivotable protective sleeves, i.e. sleeves connected to, or integrated in, the piercing or driving device, and which are pivoted for covering or uncovering the piercing element comprising means to impede repositioning of protection sleeve from covering to uncovering position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150534Design of protective means for piercing elements for preventing accidental needle sticks, e.g. shields, caps, protectors, axially extensible sleeves, pivotable protective sleeves
    • A61B5/150694Procedure for removing protection means at the time of piercing
    • A61B5/150717Procedure for removing protection means at the time of piercing manually removed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150732Needle holders, for instance for holding the needle by the hub, used for example with double-ended needle and pre-evacuated tube
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/153Devices specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. with syringes
    • A61B5/154Devices using pre-evacuated means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150381Design of piercing elements
    • A61B5/150389Hollow piercing elements, e.g. canulas, needles, for piercing the skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150534Design of protective means for piercing elements for preventing accidental needle sticks, e.g. shields, caps, protectors, axially extensible sleeves, pivotable protective sleeves
    • A61B5/150572Pierceable protectors, e.g. shields, caps, sleeves or films, e.g. for hygienic purposes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/153Devices specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. with syringes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/34Constructions for connecting the needle, e.g. to syringe nozzle or needle hub
    • A61M5/347Constructions for connecting the needle, e.g. to syringe nozzle or needle hub rotatable, e.g. bayonet or screw

Abstract

A blood sampling kit, for example of the "Vacutainer" (RTM) type, comprises an open-ended syringe barrel and a blood sample receiver closed by a puncturable membrane and containing sterile gas at sub-atmospheric pressure, is provided with a double ended needle having a central boss and one end closable by a removable sleeve, and a needle protector attached or clipped to the boss and hingeable between open and closed positions. <IMAGE>

Description

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BLOOD SAMPLING This invention relates to a needle protector and a method of using a needle protector in the extraction of a blood sample from a patient.

In my U.K. Patent Application numbers 8928956, 7 and 9, needle protectors are disclosed having a central part and two housing parts which can be folded together to a mutually closed position and moved apart to expose the needle.

One of the major risks of contracting or spreading the HIV virus or Hepatitis occurs when blood sampling takes place. A major supplier of a blood sampling <RTI>system</RTI> U.K. is Becton Dickinson. Their system is known as the <RTI>"Vacutainer" (R.T.M.) system.</RTI> A needle protector according to <RTI>U.K.</RTI> Patent Application No. 89 28957 or 9 can be used without modifying their system.

According to the present invention, it is possible to employ such a needle protector, and secure the advantages of avoidance of needle stick injuries and prevention of second use of needles, when the needles are used in an established "Vacutainer" system of withdrawing a blood sample from a patient.

According to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a blood sampling kit comprising: an open ended syringe barrel, a double ended needle having a central boss and one end closable by a removable sleeve, a blood sample receiver closed by a puncturable membrane and containing sterile gas at a pressure substantially negative relative to atmospheric, and a needle protector having a central part attached to or clipped on to the central boss, the protector being hingeable between closed and open positions and when closed defining a substantially closed chamber for containing part of a needle.

The invention will be better understood from the following description of a preferred embodiment thereof, given with reference to the following particular description and accompanying illustrative drawings, in which: Figures 1-4 illustrate the use of the established "Vacutainer" system; Figures 5-12 are views of an embodiment of needle protector shown in U.K. Patent Application No. 89 28959. Note that in the description of these figures the reference numerals employed are those of the '959 application.

Figure 13 illustrates the protector assembled together with components of the "Vacutainer" system for operating a method according to the present invention.

The "Vacutainer" system includes a syringe barrel and a needle holder containing a double ended needle, one end of which is covered with a rubber closed-ended sleeve. The needle has a passageway completely therethrough.

One end of the needle is closed by the rubber sleeve. There is also a protective cap for each end of the needle. The needle holder is threaded to engage within a complementary internal thread on one end of a syringe barrel which has an open rear end. In addition there is a glass or plastics sample receiver whose top is covered by a puncturable membrane for example, made of rubber. This receiver is sterile and contains a vacuum.

In the conventional use of this sytem the nurse or user takes the needle holder packet, removes the cap from one end to expose the rubber covered needle and then screws the threaded portion into the threaded (front end) part of the syringe. The cover protecting the opposite end of the needle is then removed and this end of the needle inserted into the person from whom the blood sample is to be taken. The receiver is then pushed onto the other end of the needle, so causing that end of the needle to puncture firstly the end of the sleeve and then the rubber membrane. The interior of the passageway through the double needle is thus subjected to the strong negative pressure within the receiver and blood is consequently sucked out of the patient and into the receiver.

At this time, according to present conventional procedure, the nurse or medical auxilary or practitioner has to replace the needle packaging in order to cover the used needle; during this process there is a high probability of stick injuries. By the use of a method according to the present invention, the chance of such injuries is greatly reduced. Prior to the threading of the needle holder into the syringe, the central part of a needle protector according to any one of U.K. Patent Application Nos. 8928956, 8928957 and <RTI>8928959</RTI> is clipped or snapped onto a suitable portion of the needle holder (needle boss), in the same way as a needle protector is clipped on to a syringe nozzle as described in any one of the said three U.K. patent applications.

Referring now to Figures 1-4, Figure 1 shows a needle holder containing a doubled ended needle, each end of which is completely enclosed by a protective cap. One such cap 110 (the left hand end as in Fig. 1) is fitted on by screwthreading onto a threaded part 114 and the other cap 112 is a push fit over a central boss 116 from which the part 114 projects. The hollow metal double needle 122 passes through the centre of this boss 16. Figure 2 illustrates the lefthand cap 110 being withdrawn after being unthreaded. The threaded part is then screwed into a threaded collar 118 of the syringe-like holder 120. The next stage in the use of the conventional "Vacutainer" system is the pulling off of the other cap 112 to expose the needle portion 122A ready to insert into the patient from whom a sample is to be taken.The sample is taken by pushing the receiver 126 onto the needle portion 122B within the syringe body. In this operation the needle portion 122B punctures both the rubber sleeve thereon (not illustrated in fig. 13) and the membrane 128 (seen in Fig. 13). Due to the reduced pressure in the receiver, blood is thus sucked into the sample receiver 130. Of course the forward end of the receiver 130 is closed by the membrane 128 until it is punctured.

In one advantageous modification, the threaded part of needle boss 116 could be reconstructed or lengthened to permit the needle protector to be assembled conjointly with the double needle and to serve as a protector for the needle during storage, delivery, and prior to use.

In the description from this point onwards, until the end of the description of Figs. 11 and 12, the reference numerals used are those on Figs. 5-12.

Referring now to Figures 5-9, the illustrated needle protector is integrally moulded from a synthetic plastics material such as polypropylene, and has a first housing part 10, a second housing part 20, and a central part 30. The parts 10 and 20 are connected to the part 30 by integral plastics hinges 11 and 21.

The first housing part 10 has a base 12, side walls 13, and a wall 14 at its free end which carries a latch portion 15 of a latching means. A needle support structure is formed by a wall 17 which is shaped generally as a saddle. In use this wall in conjunction with the wall 27 (to be later described) locates the needle shank when the parts 10, 20 are in their mutually closed condition. The part 10 also has a low wall 16 near the hinge which helps to stiffen and reinforce the structure of the housing. This reinforcement is desirable because the walls are fairly thin, since it is important to save material in a "throwaway" product. The second housing part 20 has a base wall 22, side walls 23, and a free end wall 24. It also has a low wall 26 at the end by which it is joined to the central part 30.An intermediate saddle shaped wall 27 serves as a needle locator and support in a similar way to the wall 17. At the free end, i.e. the end remote from the central part 30, the second housing part 20 has an aperture 25 which serves as a co-operating portion of the latching means. The aperture 25 is preferably approximately rectangular as seen in Figures 5 and 6. There is a thinned portion 25a of synthetic plastics material adjacent thereto. In use, this portion is deformed by entry of the latch member 15 into the aperture 25.

After entry of the latch the portion 25a tends to spring back to its normal position, due to the resilience of the plastics from which the protector is made, so preventing or tending to prevent an opening of the coupled housing parts 10 and 20 even if the latch 15 should chance to be forced (e.g. by an accidental impact) in a direction towards the central part 30. The second housing part 20 also includes side plates 29 whose function is to assist in aligning the two housing parts when they are folded into their mutually closed condition.

As shown, the central part 30 is a simple rectangular or square cup shaped plastics member joined by integral hinges 11 and 21 to the housing parts 10 and 20. Its thickness is chosen to be suitable to the relevant dimensions of the threaded portion see (Fig. 13) of boss 16. Central parts of other suitable shapes however may be employed. There is a keyhole slot 31 in the central part 30 as best seen in Figures 5 and 6. The central portion 32 of this slot is preferably circular.

While it is preferred to have a keyhole slot as illustrated at 31 and 32, the invention must not be regarded as limited to this feature. A needle protector according to the invention would work almost as well if it had merely a slot of different shape permitting the protector to be clipped or snapped onto the holder (boss 116). The thickness of the wall portion 34 of the central part 30 can be increased. With the construction as illustrated, this thickness would normally be around 1 mm. to 2 mm., but it can be increased to about 3 mm. to 4 mm., or decreased, if desired. For larger needle bosses, of course different dimensions would be appropriate.

Equally, the length of the housing parts 10 and 20 and the positions of the walls 17, 27 are chosen to be appropriate to a particular standard size of a needle. For larger syringes and longer needles, clearly the dimensions of the needle protector according to the invention would be proportionately increased.

For ease of gripping when closing the housing parts to protect and enclose a needle, ribs 18 and 28 respectively are included on the outer side of the housing surfaces 12 and 22.

The clip portion 400 is made integral with the housing part 10. It serves to hold the two housing parts in an almost closed position in which they protect a new sterile needle (Fig. 9). At the same time however, it holds the housing parts 10 and 20 a small distance apart and prevents the latch member 15 passing sufficiently through the aperture 25 so that the hook of the latch passes and engages over the edge of the wall 24. If this occurred, it would defeat the object of this embodiment of the invention because a new sterile needle would then be trapped within the closed housing parts 10, 20. However, with the clip 400 in place, this is prevented and yet the needle protector can readily be opened to expose the new needle ready for use by pivoting the clip about its hinge.After use, the housing parts are fully closed and the latching member 15 is then passed through the aperture 25 and trapped by the deflectible part 25a.

The protector (enclosing the used needle) can then be safely discarded. This clip portion 400 is illustrated in Figures 5-12. Figures 10 and 12 are partial cross-sections showing a clip portion 400 of the housing part 10 respectively in its closed and open positions. Figure 11 is a perspective view, inverted compared to Figure 10, showing the clip in its open position attached by an integral plastics hinge to the housing part 10. The clip 400 is substantially L-shaped and has limbs 402 and 404 and a lug 406 at the end of the limb 404 nearer to the integral hinge 408. A rib 410 on the outer side of the limbs 402, 404 gives the clip stiffness against deformation. The clip has a stud or rib 412 towards the free end of its limb 402 which can engage with a stud or rib 12A on the base wall 12 of the housing part 10.The interengagement of these two ribs keeps the clip portion 400 in its closed condition, and the lug 406 on the clip then prevents the latch member 15 moving to its permanently-locked position.

However, by flicking back the clip 400 to the position shown in Figure 11, the latch member 15 is freed to pass through the slot 25 and take up a locked position. The closed protector can then be discarded, with no fear that the infected needle can be extracted therefrom (except of course by total destruction of the protector). In the closed position of the clip 400, seen in Figure 9, it will be observed that the limb 402 and its rib 412 embrace and engage with the end of the housing part 10 and its rib 103 while the lug member 406 prevents full closure of the housing parts 10, 20.

The reference numerals used in this description from this point on are those shown in Figs. 1-4 and 13.

Referring now to Figure 13, a needle protector 400 according to any one of the U.K. pending patent applications Nos. 8928957, 8928956 and 8928959 has a pair of housing parts 402, 404 which are joined by integral plastics hinges to a central part 406 which is square or rectangular as seen in end view looking in the direction of the other 408 in Figure 10. The housing parts each have two opposed side walls, one of each pair seen at 410, 412, and end walls 414, 416, and can be mutually closed together to define, together with the central part 406, a substantially closed chamber. As seen in Figure 10, the protective cap 112 is in the course of being removed just prior to insertion of the needle.

However, before this stage is reached the holder 120 is fully screwed up tight to the boss 116 clamping the wall 418 of the central part 406 firmly between the end surface 118A of the collar 118 and the surface 116A of the boss 116.

The needle 122A is then inserted into the patient and the receiver 130 pushed onto the needle portion 122B, resulting in the taking of a sample in the manner conventional with the familiar "Vacutainer" system. Once the needle portion 122A is withdrawn, the benefit of the present invention is realised, because the two housing parts 402, 404 are closed together until they snap lock shut by simple squeezing between thumb and finger, while the remaining fingers, or the other hand, continue to hold the syringe-like holder 120. This squeezing can easily be done without ever bringing the fingers or any part of the nurse's body close to the tip of the withdrawn needle portion 122A.

Moreover, as more fully described in U.K. Patent Application No. 89 28957.3, the two housing parts, once closed, fully enclose the needle and stay locked together unless subjected to extreme abuse.

Thus for the first time there is made available, by the combination of the established "Vacutainer" system with a needle protector in the manner disclosed herein, a substantially fully-safe method of blood sampling which can be carried out one-handed if necessary.

Claims (7)

1. A blood sampling kit comprising: an open ended syringe barrel, a double ended needle having a central boss and one end closable by a removable sleeve, a blood sample receiver closed by a puncturable membrane and containing sterile gas at a pressure substantially negative relative to atmospheric, and a needle protector having a central part attached to or clipped on to the central boss, the protector being hinge able between closed and open positions and when closed defining a substantially closed chamber for containing part of a needle.
2. A kit according to claim 1 in which the protector is closable in a nonreturn manner so as to substantially encase a used needle to render repeat use thereof substantially impossible.
3. A blood sampling kit according to claim 2 in which the needle protector is of synthetic plastics material and has a pair of housing parts joined to the central part by integral plastics hinges, and in which a clip is attached to one of the housing parts and is pivotable between an almost closed position and an open position, the clip in its almost closed position holding the housing parts together but a small distance apart.
4. A method of taking a sample <RTI>oS</RTI> blood from a patient which comprises utilising the well-known <RTI>"Vacutainer"systém )characterised</RTI> in that a needle protector in accordance with either of U.K. Patent Application Nos. 89 28959 or 89 28957 is applied to the central boss of the double needle of the "Vacutainer" system.
5. A blood sampling kit of the <RTI>type</RTI> characterised in that a needle protector according to either of U.K. Patent Application Nos. 89 28959 and 89 28957 is attached to the central boss of the double needle to protect one end of the double needle prior to use.
6. A blood sampling kit substantially as herein described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
<RTI>r(R</RTI>
7. A method of using a <RTI>"Vacutainer'i blood</RTI> sampling kit substantially as herein described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
GB9027707A 1989-12-21 1990-12-20 Method and apparatus for blood sampling Withdrawn GB9027707D0 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8928957A GB8928957D0 (en) 1989-12-21 1989-12-21 Needle protector

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9027707D0 GB9027707D0 (en) 1991-02-13
GB2239607A true true GB2239607A (en) 1991-07-10

Family

ID=10668354

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8928957A Withdrawn GB8928957D0 (en) 1989-12-21 1989-12-21 Needle protector
GB9027707A Withdrawn GB9027707D0 (en) 1989-12-21 1990-12-20 Method and apparatus for blood sampling

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8928957A Withdrawn GB8928957D0 (en) 1989-12-21 1989-12-21 Needle protector

Country Status (2)

Country Link
GB (2) GB8928957D0 (en)
WO (1) WO1991009638A1 (en)

Cited By (11)

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US5154285A (en) * 1990-08-01 1992-10-13 Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc. Needle assembly holder with rotatable safety sheath member
GB2277685A (en) * 1993-05-06 1994-11-09 Smiths Ind Med Syst Inc Needle sheathing device
US5683370A (en) 1996-06-06 1997-11-04 Luther Medical Products, Inc. Hard tip over-the-needle catheter and method of manufacturing the same
USRE37252E1 (en) 1992-05-18 2001-07-03 Sims Portex Inc. Safety needle cartridge system
US6328713B1 (en) 1993-04-16 2001-12-11 Sims Portex Inc. Needle sheath device
US6648855B2 (en) 1999-08-23 2003-11-18 Becton, Dickinson And Company Safety needle assembly
US6699217B2 (en) 1999-08-23 2004-03-02 Becton, Dickinson And Company Safety needle assembly
US6780169B2 (en) 1999-08-23 2004-08-24 Becton, Dickinson And Company Safety shield assembly
US7854723B2 (en) 2001-05-22 2010-12-21 Becton, Dickinson And Company Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield
US8038654B2 (en) 2007-02-26 2011-10-18 Becton, Dickinson And Company Syringe having a hinged needle shield
US8287498B2 (en) 2002-06-11 2012-10-16 Bd Medical Products, Pte. Ltd. Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield

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US5277311A (en) * 1991-12-20 1994-01-11 Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc. Needle assembly holder with rotatable safety sheath member and method of effecting proper alignment of a cannula using such needle assembly holder
DK0534000T3 (en) * 1991-08-26 1998-05-18 Pio Nicoletti Device for protection against accidental due to needlestick injuries with flaps
US5188612A (en) * 1991-10-28 1993-02-23 Miles Inc. Phlebotomist protector apparatus
US5615771A (en) * 1992-05-18 1997-04-01 Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc. Safety needle cartridge system
US5490841A (en) * 1994-07-29 1996-02-13 Landis; Robert M. Safety sheath device
US5807351A (en) * 1996-06-17 1998-09-15 Safegard Medical Products, Inc. Protection device for sharp objects

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US4820277A (en) * 1988-02-16 1989-04-11 Norelli Robert A Safety cover for syringe needles
GB2215612A (en) * 1988-02-16 1989-09-27 Norelli Robert Anthony Safety cover for syringe needle
GB2217991A (en) * 1988-05-03 1989-11-08 Cole John Needle protection
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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5154285A (en) * 1990-08-01 1992-10-13 Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc. Needle assembly holder with rotatable safety sheath member
USRE37252E1 (en) 1992-05-18 2001-07-03 Sims Portex Inc. Safety needle cartridge system
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB9027707D0 (en) 1991-02-13 grant
GB8928957D0 (en) 1990-02-28 grant
WO1991009638A1 (en) 1991-07-11 application
GB2240273A (en) 1991-07-31 application

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