GB2203919A - Registration adjustment in colour television cameras - Google Patents

Registration adjustment in colour television cameras Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2203919A
GB2203919A GB08809344A GB8809344A GB2203919A GB 2203919 A GB2203919 A GB 2203919A GB 08809344 A GB08809344 A GB 08809344A GB 8809344 A GB8809344 A GB 8809344A GB 2203919 A GB2203919 A GB 2203919A
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Prior art keywords
registration
image
control data
deflection control
camera
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GB08809344A
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GB2203919B (en
GB8809344D0 (en
Inventor
Kihara Taku
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Sony Corp
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Sony Corp
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Priority to JP62099065A priority Critical patent/JPS63263988A/en
Priority to JP62105380A priority patent/JPS63269885A/en
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Publication of GB2203919A publication Critical patent/GB2203919A/en
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Publication of GB2203919B publication Critical patent/GB2203919B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N9/00Details of colour television systems
    • H04N9/04Picture signal generators
    • H04N9/09Picture signal generators with more than one pick-up device
    • H04N9/093Systems for avoiding or correcting misregistration of video signals

Description

2203 7 REGISTRATION ADJUSTMENT IN COLOUR TELEVISION CAMERAS This invention

relates to methods of registration adjustment for multi-tube colour television cameras, and to multi-tube colour television cameras with an automatic registration adjusting system.

In a multi-tube colour television camera having a plurality of image pick-up devices, such as red, green and blue image pick-up tubes, extremely complex control systems are typically required to achieve registration of the images produced by the respective pick-up tubes. One known approach is to correct the beam deflection currents so as to align the central positions of the output images of each of the respective pick-up tubes. One approach disclosed in our US patent specification US-A-4 503 456 provides registration adjusting apparatus for a colour television camera having three pick-up tubes, in which the picture screen is divided into a plurality of segmented image areas, and a registration test chart is reproduced. The registration adjustment is then effected at each segmented image area to achieve uniform registration over the entire area of the screen.

Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings is a representation of a television screen for explaining this previously proposed system.

Generally, the effective image area of a colour television camera is divided into an odd number of rows and an odd number of columns, for example, seven rows and seven columns, thereby providing forty-nine segmented image areas. Nevertheless, to explain the system more simply, an effective image area 1 is shown in Figure 1 consisting of three rows and five columns, thereby providing fifteen segmented image areas 211 to 215, 221 to 225, and 231 to 235. The registration test chart includes a cross "+" at the centre of each segmented area that form a three-by-five matrix in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. The optical image 4ij of a mark "+" is focused at the centre of each segmented image area 2ij.

In this system, it is generally the approach to perform registration of the red signal from the red image pick-up tube and the blue signal fro.,,i the blue pick-up tube with reference to the green W 3-5 sigmall f-rom the green pick-up tubs. Of course, 'It 145 Liider. suc)od. thar any or.p of the.1i.-ee cot-.,ld be ori,c),i..-,ally chosen a..:; reference with which the other uwo colours are registered. Thus, fet 2 each segmented arec of the image area 1, the registration error data representing the registration errors in the vertical direction (V errors), and the registration errors in the horizontal direction (H errors) of each of the red and blue image pick-up tubes are detected relative to the green image pick-up tube, which is used as the reference.

Generally, such registration error data is converted into digital data and stored temporarily in a corresponding location of a memory. Thus, such memory areas have matrix addresses corresponding to the three rows and five columns of the image area 1. Each memory area, thus def ined, then stores the registration error data representing the H-error and the V-error for a respective segmented image area. The data stored in the respective vertically adjacent elements of the memory area are then interpolated to obtain the error data for each scanning line using a digital approximation technique.

A similar interpolation operation also takes place with the data stored in the memory areas that are adjacent to each other in the horizontal direction. However, interpolation in that case may be,, performed as analogue signal processing using a low-pass filter.

Generally, the horizontal interpolation does not require digital signal processing techniques. Then, the registration compensating data that is stored in the memory areas is read out in synchronism with a scanning signal and is converted into an analogue correction signal used to control the horizontal and vert.ical deflecting currents.

In this way, correction of the image size of each pick-up tube, deflection linearity, skew distortion, and pin-cushion distortion or the like may be simultaneously achieved over all of the segmented image areas during registration compensation.

Therefore, by use of this automatic technique, the image registration adjusting operation for a colour television camera having a plurality of image pick-up tubes is much simpler than the previously employed manual technique, in which each colour is adjusted in registration by visually viewing the screen and making manual arliustTnents.

f,,.- n colour Onie example of a registration adjusting sy television camera having a plurality of image pick-up tubes is shown 1 3 in Figure 2 of the accompanying drawings. In this system a television camera is provided with three image pick-up tubes 11G, 11R and 11B that produce the green, red and blue components of the colour signal, respectively. The image pick-up tubes 11G, 11R and 11B are provided, respectively, with deflection coils 12G, 12R and 12B, and the output video signals are supplied to respective preamplifiers 13.G, 13R and 13B.

A deflection control circuit 20 includes horizontal and vertical sawtooth waveform generating circuits 21H and 21V. The vertical sawtooth waveform generator 21V provides an output fed directly to a drive amplifier 22G, as well as outputs fed to drive amplifiers 22R and 22B through a one horizontal scan period (1H) delay line 23 and adders 24R and 24B. Similarly, the horizontal sawtooth waveform generator 21H supplies an output directly to a drive amplifier 25G, as well as outputs to drive amplifiers 25R and 25B through a & T delay line 26 and adders 27R and 27B. The output from the drive amplifiers 22G, 22R and 22B, and the outputs from the other corresponding amplifiers 25G, 25R and 25B are fed directly to the corresponding deflection coils 12G, 12R and 12B. Accordingly, the phase of the output signal from the green image pick-up tube 11G is used as a reference to perform registration compensating, and such phase is advanced relative to the phases of the output signals from the red and blue image pick-up tubes 11R and 11B by 1H in the vertical direction and by AbT in the horizontal direction.

In producing the signals used for registration compensation, an edge signal generating circuit 30 is provided that has as one input the green image signal produced by the green image pick-up tube 11G fed to the preamplifier 13G, whose output is a signal represented at waveform A in Figure 3 of the accompanying drawings. The output of the preamplifier 13G is fed through a pair of 1H delay lines 31 and 32, with the output of the delay line 32 being fed to the minus input of a subtractor 33, to which is supplied at the plus input the original, undelayed signal from the preamplifier 13G, so that the subtractor 33 prnduces a pulse having a width of 2H, as shown in waveform C of Figure 1--- that. corresponds to the 'A-jc5r!zontal edge of the im;.:ge. The signal at the junellion po-int, F the delay 'Lines 31 and 32 is fed through, a pair of 4ST delc-.y lines 34 and 35, and is 4 also fed directly to the plus input of a second subtractor 36.

Therefore, an output signal similar to the output from the subtractor 33 is produced by the subtractor 36, that is, an edge signal having a pulse width of 2 &T that corresponds, however, to the vertical edge of the image, instead of the horizontal edge signal produced by the subtractor 35. In the present case 24T equals approxi.mately 300 nanoseconds.

The output signal from the subtractor 33 is fed through a A T delay line 37 to contact V (vertical) of a change-over switch 38.

Similarly, the output from the subtractor 36 is fed to contact H of the switch 38, so that the edge signals representing the horizontal and vertical edges of the image can be alternately selected using the switch 38. This edge signal has a positive polarity at the leading edge of the video signal, and a negative polarity at the trailing edge of the video signal. The edge signal is fed to an edge detector circuit 39 that generates a sampling pulse corresponding in time to the edge signal, and the sampling pulse is represented at waveform D in Figure 3.

The signal at a junction Q between the delay lines 34 and 35 is the output of the preamplifier 13G having been passed through the delay lines 31 and 34 and, thus,' is the output signal from the preamplifier 13G having been delayed by an amount (1H + 4&T), and is represented at waveform E in Figure 3. The signal 'at junction Q is then fed to the negative input of a comparator circuit 41 whose other, positive, input is derived from a change-over switch 42 that has two inputs connected through the preamplifiers 13R and 13B to the pick-up tubes 11R and 11B, respectively. It is these signals that contain the registration errors to be compensated using the green signal as the reference.

Thus, the output from the comparator circuit 41 is a position error signal representing the amount of registration error in the image produced by the red or blue image pick-up tube 11R or 11B with respect to the reference image from the green image pick-up tube 11G.

This position error signal is then supplied to a multiplier 43, wherein it is multiplied by either the horizontal- or V;._?'L'ca) edge si-nal, wavefoi-..-, C of Figure 3, which is the output of th.e. swItch C; Therefore, if the switch 38 is in the position shown in Figure 2, then the position error amount is given as &V and the output from the multiplier 43 is a position error signal of magnitude jLV relating to either the upper or lower registration error of the output image of the red or blue image pick-up tube 11R or 11B, depending upon the position of the switch 42, with respect to the reference output image of the green image pick-up tube 11G.

Similarly, when the switch 38 is connected in the opposite state to that shown in Figure 2, the output of the multiplier 43 is a position error signal of magnitude A-H with a direction of either the left-hand or right-hand side of the horizontal registration error of the output image from the red or blue image pick-up tubes 11R or 11B relative to the reference output image of the green image pick-up tube 1 1G.

The position error signal from the multiplier 43, waveform H of Figure 3, is fed to a sample-and-hold circuit 44, which samples and holds signal A H for the duration of a sampling pulse, represented at waveform D of Figure 3, and produces a DC sample-and-hold voltage.

The DC sample-and-hold voltage, the waveform of which is shown at J in Figure 3, corresponds in level and polarity to the error signal output from the multiplier 43. Sampling pulse D is supplied to the sample and-hold circuit 4 through a so-called slice circuit 45 to'eliminate noise components, and also through an AND gate 46. The opening and closing of the AND gate 46 is controlled by a sampling gate pulse G fed thereto from a control circuit 50 through a pulse shaper 57. The sampling gate G pulse fed to the AND gate 46 is generated by the control circuit 50 in correspondence with each of the segmented image areas 2ij of the image area 1 of Figure 1.

The control circuit 50 includes a central processing unit (CPU) 51 that comprises a microcomputer' and suitable memories, a read only memory (ROM) 52, and a random access memory (RAM) 53. The RAM 53 has the matrix addresses stored therein that correspond to the segmented image areas 211 to 235, as described above, and also includes a memory area to store the interpolation data, also described above.

The output waveform of the sample-and-hold circuit 44 is shown at 3-5 waveform J in Figure 3, and is fed to an input of a comparator 54 wherein it is conapared with a reference voltage, whic.'-. jr. this case is earth potential or zero volts, thereby to detect the polarity of the 6 registration error data, that is, up or down or left or right. The comparison output signal from the comparator 54 will go to a high or low level depending upon the polarity of the registration error data, and is fed to the up/down (UD) input terminal of an up/down counter 55. The counter 55 has the vertical sync signal VD supplied thereto at input CK as a clock pulse, so that the counter 55 counts up or down in accordance with a high or low level, respectively, of the comparison output signal of the comparator 54. The data from the counter 55 is supplied as input data to the CPU 51. It should be noted that the functional equivalent of the counter 55 could be readily achieved using a microcomputer program in the CPU 51.

Furthermore, various operational programs for the interpolation, as well as programs for controlling the entire system,-can also be a part of this microcomputer system by being written into the ROM 52.

The horizontal drive signal HD and the vertical drive signal VD are supplied as trigger pulses to a clock signal generator 56, from which are derived clock pulses that are synchronised with the horizontal and vertical scanning operations of the pick-up tubes 11G, 11R and 11B. This clock pulse signal is then fed to the CPU 51 that serves to actuate the pulse shaper 57 to produce the gate pulses G fed to the AND gate 46. The gate pulse G is generated by the pulse shaper 57 to correspond with the centre of each segmented image area 2ij of the image area 1.

Thus, in response to the positions of the switches 38 and 42, the registration error data represents whether the output image from the red image pick-up tube 1 1R or the blue image pick-up tube 1 1B is mis-directed in either the horizontal or the vertical direction with respect to the reference output image from the green ima6e pick-up tube 1 1G. This data is then sequentially stored in the CPU 51 at every segmented image area 211, 212 215 of the rows of the image area 1 or at every segmented image area 211, 221 and 231 of the respective columns of the image area 1. Therefore, a four channel registration adjustment can be effected, such four channels comprising the red vertical (R/V), the blue vertical (B/V), the red hori7onta-i , and the blue horizontal f,B/H).

A Gemultiplexer 60 is provided for demultiplexing or reordering this four-channel registration data, and the demultiplexer 60 includes 7 four memories 61, 62, 63 and 64 that are connected via a data bus to the CPU 5 1. Accordingly, the stored registration compensation data are read out from the memories 61, 62, 63 and 64 in synchronism with the scanning operations of the respective image pick-up tubes 11G, 11R and 11B. Such stored registration compensation data is converted into analogue signals by digital-to-analogue (D/A) converters 65, 66, 67 and 68, and the suitably converted data is then fed to the adders 24R, 24B, 27R and 27B of the deflection control circuit 20.

When the registration adjustment of a particular channel in the selected segmented image area 2ij of the image area 1 commences, for example, if it is desired to perform registration adjustment in channel R/V, then the maximum compensation width W and an initial value DO are set in the counter 55 based upon the desired accuracy with which the respective image pick-up tubes 11G, 11R and 11B are mounted in the colour television camera. Because this system is a comparative control system, no compensation data will be generated based on the initial value Do.

Assuming that the output from the sample-and-hold circuit 44, as represented by waveform J in Figure 3, has a positive polarity at a time when the first clock pulse is supplied to the counter 55, then the comparison output from the comparator 55 will 90 to a high level, so that the count value of the counter 55 will be incremented from the initial value DO by an amount W/2 to a new value D1 This action of the count value and the counter 55 is represented in Figure 4 of the accompanying drawings, in which ordinates represent the count value in the counter 55 and the abscissae represent time, such time being based on the clock pulses fed to the counter 55. Therefore, it is seen that with a value W/2 in the counter 55, the D/A converter 65 supplies a compensation amount corresponding to this increased amount W/2 to the adder 24R of the deflection control circuit 20.

Accordingly, the output from the red drive amplifier 22R is increased and the position of the red image is moved in the direction to decrease the registration error of the red image pick-up tube 11R relative to the green image pick-up tube 11G.

335 blow 'he sample-and -hold circuit 44 will again supp1-: a Y. 20 J. s L ra t i on error signal to the comparator 54 represent-ing tile [tion of this image based upon the change introduced by the drive posi 8 amplifier 22R. If the output from the sample-and-hold circuit 44 has a positive polariy at the time when the second clock pulse is supplied to the counter 55, the output from the comparator 54 will again be at a high level so that the counter 55 counts up from value D1 to value D2 by an amount W/4. Then, the D/A converter 65 supplies the compensation amount corresponding to the increased amount W/4 to the adder 24R of the deflection control circuit 20 and the red image is adjusted accordingly. Thus, it is seen that the content of the counter 55 is incremented or decremented by the compensating width W/2m which is reduced at every compensation by one-half and, thus. ' the compensation signal is converged to the desired value, denoted as DF. This compensating width function can be set in the counter 55 by the CPU 51, particularly when the counter 51 is a software implementation in the microcomputer..

When the compensation width that is set or determined by the output of the counter 55 reaches to within one bit of the limit of the counter 55, that is, in this example W/32 as represented in Figure 4, the content of the counter 55 is incremented or decremented by one bit at every compensation point thereafter. However, if the increment or decrement by one bit is effected four times, for example, this repetition is detected by the CPU 51, and is determined that the compensating data has been converged to the desired value DF.

Accordingly, the content D8 of the counter 55 at that time is stored at a predetermined address in the RAM 53.

After the registration adjustment for one of the four channels has been completed for all of the segments of the image area 1, which might require for example ten fields per column, the registration adjustment for the remaining. three channels is then sequentially performed, with the result that the pick-up tubes 11R and 11B will produce output images with no colour mis-registration relative to the green image pick-up tube 11G.

In Figure 1, the image area 1 is divided into a large number of segmented image areas, and if the centring adjustment is first effected with respect to the central one of the segmented image areas, :5 then the centre of 't-Ihe ou'lp;.L. image of the greer imaj.-: pick-up tube C.

11G, and the centres of the output images of the re.. and blue pick-up tubes 11R and 11B are in coincidence with each other, and the 9 registration adjustment for each of the segmented image areas is effected. Because the centre areas are in coincidence, the compensation amounts for the respective other segmented image areas are substantially reduced.

An extremely fine registration adjustment can be performed using a similar procedure to obtain even better results by setting the minimum compensation width of the counter 55 to a smaller value after completion of the above-described registration adjustment.

This previously proposed apparatus typically operates at a speed such that registration adjustment for one channel per column of the plurality of segmented areas of the pick-up image area takes approximately ten fields of the video signal. Thus, in a colour television camera operating according to the NTSC system, in which the image area is divided into segmented image areas of seven rows and seven columns, one registration adjustment will require around two hundred and eighty video fields or approximately 4.7 seconds. This time period, while seeming short, is a practical drawback in that it hinders rapid registration adjustment of the video camera.

Moreover, when a television camera operating according to the high definition television system (HDTV) is employed and registration compensation is performed, the number of segmented image areas will typically be increased to 13 rows and 13 columns. Accordingly, one registration adjustment will then take a time equivalent of five hundred and twenty video fields or approximately 8.7 seconds.

According to the present invention there is provided a multi- tube colour television camera with an automatic registration adjusting system, the camera comprising:

first and second pick-up tubes for deriving respective first and second video signals corresponding to an image of a registration adjustment test chart; deflection control means for controlling beam deflection of said first and second image pick-up tubes; error sampling means for comparing said first and second video signals to produce registration errors, and sampling said registration errors al- points therein corresponding to an ar-ay of' segmented areas ')f 'he - said test chart; imiage ol deflection control data generating means for generating deflection control data supplied to said deflection control circuit in response to sampled registration errors from said error sampling means, so that the registration errors are sequentially varied in response to generated deflection control data; polarity detecting means for detecting changes in polarity of the registration errors from said error sampling means for each of said segmented areas of the image; memory means having a plurality of addresses corresponding to said segmented areas of the image for storing the deflection control data at each of said addresses when the registration error of the corresponding segmented area changes polarity; control means for controlling the deflection control data when the registration errors of all segmented areas of the image change polarities; and read out means for reading out -deflection control data from said memory means and feeding deflection control data based on said read out data to said deflection control circuit.

According to the present invention there is also provided a method of registration adjustment for a multi-tube colour television camera, the method comprising:

deriving respective first and second video signals corresponding to an image of a registration adjustment test chart from respective first and second pick-up tubes; controlling beam deflection of said first and second image pick-up tubes; comparing said first and second video signals to produce registration errors and sampling said registration errors at points therein corresponding to an array of segmented areas of the image of said test chart; generating deflection control data supplied to said deflection control circuit in response to sampled registration errors from said error sampling, so that the registration errors are sequentially varied in response to generated deflection control data; detecting changes in polarity of the registration errors from said error sampling for each of said segmented areas of the imag'; storing the deflection control data in a memory having a p-lurality of addesses corresponding to said segmented areas of the image at each of said addresses when the registration error of the corresponding segmented area changes polarity; controlling the deflection control data when the registration errors of all segmented areas of the image change polarities; and reading out deflection control data from said memory and feeding deflection control data based on said read out data for controlling said beam deflection.

Thus an embodiment of registration adjusting apparatus in a multi-tube colour television camera in which the image area is divided into a plurality of segmented areas can be provided. Registration errors of the plurality of image pick-up tubes in the respective segmented image areas are detected and at least one of the deflection circuits of the plurality of image pick-up tubes is controlled in response to the detected registration errors. A deflection control data generator produces deflection control data to control the deflection circuit, and a polarity detecting circuit detects a change in polarity of the registration error for each segmented image area each time the deflection control data from the deflection control generator is changed in response to the detected area. A memory is provided that is arranged to have addresses corresponding to the segmented image areas and deflection, control data is written into the memory at the time at which a change of polarity of the error signal is detected by the polarity detecting circuit. - This polarity detecting circuit operates to detect changes in registration errors in all the segmented image areas, and to control the deflection control data accordingly in connection with a calculating circuit that calculates the registration error in each segmented image area from the corresponding deflection control data written in the appropriate address of the memory. Thus, the deflection circuit is controlled based on the output from this calculating circuit.

By sequentially changing the centring control data at predetermined times, the registration errors of the segmented image areas can be calculated by the centring control data each time the polarities of the registration errors at the respective segmented image areps of image area are inverted, that is, each time the polarity changes, so that the time required for forming the registration of adjustment is substantially reduced.

12 The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, throughout which like parts are referred to by like references, and in which:

Figure 1 is a representation of an image area divided into segments; Figure 2 is a schematic in block diagram form of a previously proposed registration adjusting system for use with a multi-tube colour television camera; Figure 3 represents signal waveforms at respective points in Figure 2; Figure 4 is a graph for explaining the registration adjustment operation of the system of Figure 2; Figure 5 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention; Figure 6 is a block diagram for explaining the registration adjusting operation for a multi-tube colour television camera, according to the present invention; Figure 7 is a flow chart showing the operation of Figure 6; Figure 8 is a representation of a segmented image area having a target pattern formed thereon; Figure 9 is a graphical representation of the variance in the registration centring data produced by the embodiment of Figure 5; Figures 10A to 10H are pictorial representations of the segmented image areas showing the changes in polarity that are produced as the registration adjustments are performed by the embodiment of Figure 5; Figures 11A to 11H are pictorial representations of the segmented image areas showing the correction data located therein; Figures 12A and 12B are pictorial representations of segmented image areas showing the registration correction adjustments made according to the embodiment of Figure 5; Figure 13 is a block diagram form of another embodiment of the present invention; Figure 14 is a pictorial representation of a segmented image '3 area showing & target arranged thereon for use with the.--r-.nbodiment of a-d Figure 15 is a plot showing the registration adjusti.,.;,, 13 operation of the embodiment of Figure 13.

In Figure 5, the elements that are common to the previously proposed registration adjusting apparatus of Figure 2 will not be described in detail. In this embodiment of the present invention, a temporary memory circuit 71 is provided with addresses corresponding to the respective segmented image areas 211 and 235 of the image area 1 of Figure 1. The temporary memory 71 can comprise a latch circuit and a D/A converter or the like, and a description of the internal workings thereof is not necessary to understand the embodiment of Figure 5. The temporary memory 71 receives the actual registration error information from thesample-and-hold circuit 44 through an adder 72, and the output from the temporary memory 72 is fed back through the adder 72 to perform an integration function.

Two address generators 73 and 74 are connected to receive the vertical drive signal V1) and the horizontal drive signal HD, respectively, at the clear input terminals thereof. The horizontal drive signal HD is also used as a clock signal by the vertical address generator 73. The horizontal address generator 74 is connected to receive a clock signal having a frequency selected as N.fffi where N for the HDTV system camera is greater than 2,000, for example. Thus, for the HDTV system, the clock frequency of the horizontal address generator 74 is approximately 70 MHz. Although the edge signal generator 30 is not shown in detail in Figure 5, it is identical to that shown in Figure 2, and in the HDTV system the delay time in the dST delay lines 34, 35 and 37, which form the edge signal, will be approximately 55 nanoseconds. A selector switch 75 receives the output addresses from the vertical and horizontal address generators 73 and 74 at one input, and receives an address signal from the CPU 51 that is a portion of the control circuit 50. The switch 75 then selects between the two inputs under control of the CPU 51 and feeds the selected address to the temporary memory circuit 71. The output of the temporary memory circuit 71 is then fed to one input of the comparator 54, the other input of which is earthed as a reference, and the output of the comparator 54, which will either have a high or low level, is fed to the CPU 51.

Two meri-uries 58U (up) and 58D (down) are ope-ranly cor-ected to the CPU 51 and the RAM 53, and are arranged to have address memory 14 storage areas that correspond to the segmented image areas 211 to 235 Of' the image area 1 of Figure 1, similar to the RAM 53 as described above. As will be described below, the values at particular time points of the centring control data derived from the CPU 51 are stored in respective addresses of the memories 58U and 58D, respectively. A demultiplexer 80 is provided to separate the centring control data into the desired four channel values, which are substantially DC signals, and, as above, such four channels are represented by R/V, B/V, R/H and B/H, and are based upon the centring control data from the CPU 51. This four channel information is fed to the corresponding adders 24R, 24B, 27R and 27B in the deflection control circuit 20, as in the apparatus of Figure 2. The registration correction demultiplexer 60 used in the registration adjustment apparatus of Figure 2 is also provided in the embodiment of Figure 5, and includes all the RA.Ms and D/A converters of the earlier system.

The principal functional blocks of the present invention found in the embodiment of Figure 5 are shown in a more general nature in the block diagram of Figure 6, in which a deflection control data generator 91 produces an output fed to a Y-contact of change-over switch 92. The output of the switch 92 from the movable contact thereof is fed to a corresponding movable contact of a second change over switch 93. The movable contacts of the switches 92 and 93 are ganged. A registration error polarity detecting circuit 94 receives the registration error data, as might be produced, for example, by the sample-and-hold circuit 44 of Figures 2 and 5, and is connected to a polarity change detecting circuit 95 that detects all of the segmented image area polarity changes. The output of the polarity change detecting circuit 95 is also connected to the switch 92 as the control signal therefor. The output from the polarity change detecting circuit 95 is supplied to the deflection control data generator circuit 91 and also as the control input to the switch 93. The output of the switch 93 is stored in a memory 96, and the output from the memory 96 is fed to a calculating circuit 97. The-memory 96 is the more general representation of up/down memories 58U and 58D of the embodiment oi Figure 5. A,,eordingly, the output- fror. the calculating circuit 97 is then fed to t"..e deflection control circuit 20, shown in detail in Figures 2 and 5. The notations applied to the switch contacts indicate the status of the data being fed therethrough. More specifically, the i side of the switch 92 means that the movable contact selects that contact when the polarity of the registration error changes, and the N side means the opposite condition because the control data generated by the deflection control data generator 91 must be supplied to the memory 96 (58U and 58D) if the polarity changes. Similarly, the N side of the switch 93 means that the movable contact is turned to the N side if the polarities of all of the segmented image areas has not changed, and is turned to the Y side when all have changed polarities.

The block diagram of Figure 6 shows in a system embodiment the functioning as represented by the flow chart of Figure 7. In the following description of the operation, it is assumed that the effective image area is divided into segmented image areas 211 to 235 that form a three-by-five matrix, as shown in Figure 1, for example. Note that, as in the systems described in relation to Figure 2 above, the matrix is actually a seven-by-seven matrix. The registration test chart provided in accordance with the embodiment is shown in Figure 8 formed of cross-stripes comprising three horizontal stripes 51, 52 and 53, and five vertical stripes 61 to 65- As can be determined from Figure 6, the adder 72, the temporary memory 71, and the switch 75 are not absolutely necessary for achieving the desired operation. The output signals from the address generators 73 and 74 can be fed directly to the CPU 51 in order for it to recognize to which segment the output of the comparator 52 belongs.

Because the output of the comparator 54 is synchronized with the outputs of the address generators 73 and 74, the CPU 51 can detect the address of the segment at which the polarity of the error data changes. Practically speaking, however, the operating speed of a typical CPU is not as high as the scanning speed of the camera, so that there is the real possibility that the CPU may misdetect the polarity change of a segment. Because of this difference in operating speeds between the CPU and the registration error production circuit, the temporary memory 71 and the switch 75 are generally desirable.

When using a memory, the error data is. stored In the memory real 6ime., that is, at high speed, and then the CPU can read the &-ta. a-:-it of the memory more slowly by generating the appropriate address 16 signals for the memory.

In this embodiment, the address generators 73 and 74 count clock signals (%) in synchronism with the vertical and horizontal scans thereby to produce positional information or data based on the vertical and horizontal directions relative to the dot on the picture screen of the pick-up tube 11G being scanned by the electron beam.

In a first field, during the period in which the electron beam scans the horizontal stripQ 5i in one segmented image area 2ij of the image area 1, the vertical registration error signal from the sample-and-hold circuit 44 and the output produced by the temporary memory 71 at each clock signal of frequency NfH are added by the adder 72, and the added result is written back into the temporary memory 71. This is simply an integration operation. Similarly, during the time in which the electron beam scans vertical stripe 6j at an arbitrary segmented image area 2ij of the image area 1, the horizontal registration error signal from the samPle-and-hold circuit 44 and the output from the temporary memory 71 at each scan line are added by the adder 72, with the summation again being written back into the.temporary memory 71.

Thus, when the scanning operation of the first field has ended, the error data orintegrated values.of the registration errors of the corresponding segmented image areas 211 to 235 are stored at respective addresses in the temporary memory 71. -The registration error data of the respective segmented image areas that are stored in the temporary memory 71 contain the centring error components of the pick-up tubes 11R and 11B. Accordingly, the DC centring error components over all of the image areas and the AC registration error components particular to the respective segmented image areas of the image area can be calculated as follows.

The polarity of each of the registration error data points corresponding to the segmented image areas 211 to 235 Of the image area 1 is detected at every one of the four channels R/V, B/V, R/H and BM by the comparator 54, and then latched into the CPU 51.

As represented in Figure 9, at the adjustment starting point tjn of one arbilcrary -',nnel, for example, channel R/V, the deflee'Lion control daua gener-a-tor 0,1, shown for example in the general diagram of Figure 6, that is a part of the CPU 51, generates an 17 initial value Cuo of the centring control data. Initial value Cuo of the centring control data is then converted into DC by the centring control demultiplexer 80, and fed to the adder 24R of the deflection circuit 20. Thus, the entire image obtained by the red image pick-up tube 11R can be moved, for example, downwardly, by a distance corresponding to the initial value Cuo of the centring control data.

As the output image is moved accordingly, the polarity of the error data of each segmented image.area stored in the temporary memory 71 is such that will cause an increase in the control data at each segmented image area. At such time, no data is written in any of the areas of the memory 96 of Figure 6. This condition in which no data is being written is pictorially represented in Figure 10A.

When actual registration adjustment begins, the centring control data is updated in an increasing direction at every field on a bit-by-bit basis, as represented at step 101 in the process flow chart of Figure 7. At this time, the polarity detecting circuit 94 of Figure 6 decides whether there is a segmented image area 1 in which the polarity of the error information stored in the temporary memory 71 is inverted, thereby to decrease the control data in response to the most recent control data. The polarity inversion may be thought as being either in the up direction (U) or the down direction (D).

This checking of the error data to determine whether it changes polarity in a segmented area is represented at step.102 of Figure 7.

If the determination in step 102 is that there is no segmented image area in which a positive inversion appears, that is, a change from direction D to direction U, the centring control data is then continuously updated. At the time point tul in Figure 9, where the value of the centring control data reaches Cul, if the polarity of the error information on segmenttd image area 231, represented by the framed segment in Figure 11B, is inverted positively, the switch 92 is controlled to be temporarily connected in the state as illustrated in Figure 6 by the detected output from the polarity detector circuit 94. As such time, the switch 93 is then connected in the illustrated state and the value Cul of centring control data froin the data -7.enerpting circuit 91 is stored in the wemorY al the memory zoi.respending '11o segmented image. area 231, W 0. st - h- h c., 111g operation is represented in step 103 of Figure 7.

18 The updating of the centring control data is continued and at time tu2 where the value reaches Cu2 as represented in Figure 9, if the polarities of the error -data at the segmented image areas 221 and 232 denoted by the framed segments in Figure 11C are positively inverted as described above, the value Cu2 Or the centring control data from the data generating circuit 91 is stored in the memory 96 at the memory areas corresponding to the segmented image areas 221 and 232, as represented in Figure 11C.

As the centring control data is then updated, the segmented image area polarity detecting circuit 95 decides whether the polarities of the error data of all of the segmented image areas of the image area are positively inverted, as represented by the termination of step 104 of Figure 7. At some point in time, tun after 2m fields have elapsed, for example, 32 fields from the adjustment starting point tuo, the value of the centring control data reaches Cun, as represented at the apex of the graph of Figure 9. If the polarities of the error data over all of the segmented image areas 211 to 235 are positively inverted, under control of the detected output from the entire segmented image area polarities detecting circuit 95, the values Cul to Cun of the centring control data from the deflection control data generating circuit 91 are stored in the memory 96 over all of the memory areas corresponding to segmented image areas 211 to 235, as represented in Figure 10D.

Thereafter, the renewal of the data from the deflection control data generating circuit 91 ceases and the switch 93 is connected in the opposite direction to that shown in Figure 6.

Therefore, it is seen that the value Cu5 of Figure 10D of the deflection control data in the central segmented image area 223 Of the image area 1 is actually the centring error component itself.

Furthermore, because the registration control sensitivity and the centring control sensitivity are different relative to a change of one bit in the deflection control data, the difference resulting from reducing the value CU5 of the control data at the central segmented image area from the values of the control data of other segmented areas is multiplied by the control. sensitiv4Lty ratio in crder the registration error component for -,ach segmented ins;:-c- :-rea. This control sensitivity ratio is then made constant over tne 19 entire image area for every colour television camera.

Thus, according to this embodiment, the registration adjustment over the entire image area is stopped after 32 fields per channel, and compared with the previously proposed apparatus, the registration adjusting time can be reduced by one-half to one-fourth for an NTSC system colour television camera and an HDTV system colour television camera.

As described above, it is possible to provide an even f iner adjustment of the registration accuracy, and to accomplish this the following procedure is carried out. As represented in Figure 9, if time point tun at which the centring control data is updated in the so-called upward direction and the polarities of the error data in the entire segmented image areas of the image area are changed in the upward direction, is taken as time point tdo at which the registration readjustment is started, then from this time point tdO the control data within the deflection control data generating circuit 91 of Figure 6, formed within the CPU 51, will be updated in the downward direction, as represented at step 105 in Figure 7.

Thus, operations very similar to steps 102 to 104 are effected once again at steps 106 to 108 and, at time point tdn after 32 fields from the adjustment starting point tdOt the polarities of the error information of the entire segmented image areas of the image area are inverted in the downward direction, as represented in Figure 1 1H. At time point tdn the centring control data value Cdn to Cd19 which are produced at the time the polarities of the error data in the segmented image areas 211 to 235 Of the image area are inverted, are stored in the respective memory areas of the memory 58D of Figure 5. The centring control data Cul to Cun in the upward direction, as represented in Figure 11D, are stored in the memory 58U of the circuit of Figure 5.

Turning now to Figure 12A, the control data value of the segmented image areas corresponding to both the memories 58U and 58D of Figure 5, which are averaged in step 109 of the method of Figure 7, are represented. As described above, the mean value MO represented )5 as the centre value of Figure 12A of thp control data the segn.-..en',. pr - image area 223 is the centring et -or. component. Then, -,s shown in Figure 12B, each of the mean values IM1 1 to M35 of the control data of the other segmented image areas has this mean value subtracted therefrom and the difference (Mij - MO) of the arbitrary segmented image area 2ij is multiplied by the control sensitivity ratio, which is derived at step 110 of the process of Figure 7, thereby producing the registration error component of that arbitrary segmented image area. On the basis of the calculated registration error component then, the registration adjustment can be effected by the above mentioned procedure at each of the four channels R/V, B/V, R/H and B/H. By using the averaging process, the accuracy of the registration adjustment is the same as that in the case where the centring control data is increased by one bit. Furthermore, in an HDTV system colour television camera, in spite of the averaging process, the registration adjustment time can be reduced by one-half when compared with the apparatus of Figure 2, for example.

Accordingly, because the centring control data is sequentially changed at each predetermined time interval and the registration errors of the respective segmented image area are calculated from the centring control data values produced at the time at which the polarities of the registration errors of the respective areas are inverted, it is possible to provide a registration adjustment apparatus for a multi-tube registration camera that can reduce the time usually required for the registration adjustment.

Another embodiment acco;ding to the present invention is shown in Figure 13. Elements corresponding to those of Figure 2 are identified with the same reference numerals, and a detailed explanation thereof is omitted. Referring now to Figure 13, address generators 112 and 114 receive at their respective clear terminals CLR the vertical drive signal VD. and the horizontal drive signal HD, respectively. The horizontal drive signal HD is fed to the address generator 112 as a clock signal and the clock signal for the address generator 114 is a signal of frequency NFH. As described above, in an HDTV system colour television camera, N is greater than 2,000 and the clock frequency for the address generator 114 is approximately MHz. Once again, in such system, delay times A T of the respective delay lin.es 34, 35 and 37 that gen-rate the edge signal is selecLed to be around 55 nanoseconds.

A latch circuit 116 receives outputs from the address 21 generators 112 and 114 as well as an output signal D from the edge detector 39 after hving been passed through the slice circuit 45 and the AND gate 46. This same signal D is fed to the sample-and-hold circuit 44. The output from the latch circuit 116 is fed through an input/output port (not shown) to the CPU 51 that is part of the control circuit 50. When compared with the embodiment of Figure 2, it is seen that the remainder of the apparatus of Figure 13 is substantially identical.

The operation of the embodiment of Figure 13 can best be explained utilizing Figures 14 and 15. In Figure 14 the effective image area is divided into the matrix of three rows and five columns to provide segmented image areas 211 to 235. The registration test chart for this segmented image area is formed as cross-stripes that comprise three horizontal stripes 51 to 53 and five vertical stripes 61 to 65. As will be described below, the position of this test chart may be coarsely adjusted initially. The horizontal stripes 51 to 53 and the vertical stripes 61 to 65 do not pass through the centres 4ij of the respective segmented areas 211 to 235. In addition, the length between the centres 4ij of the segmented image areas 211 to 231 on the horizontal stripes 51 to 53 are not always equal and similarly the lengths between the respective centres 4ij of the segmented image areas 211 to 215 on for example the first row and respective vertical stripes 61 to are also not always equal. All that is generally required of this pattern of horizontal and vertical stripes of the test chart is that the vertical and horizontal stripes are generally formed parallel to the respective vertical and horizontal end edges of the image area.

In the embodiment of Figure 13, the address generators 112 and 114 count the clocks in synchronism with the vertical and horizontal scan operations to produce sequentially the position information in the vertical and horizontal directions relative to a point on the image area that is being scanned by the electron beam of the green image pick-up tube 11G. At the point where the electron beam scans the horizontal stripe 5i in the arbitrarily selected segmented image 1 35 area 2ij of the image area 1, ',.".c. sampling pulse D corresp-- )nding to 0 the positiu.n of the edge sig-na.! in supplied from the edge detector 39 to the latch circuit 116, which latches the positional data of the 22 horizontal stripe 5i that has been detected within the segmented image area 2ij. Similarly, at the time when the electron beam scans the vertical stripe 6j in the arbitrarily selected segmented image area 2ij, a sampling pulse corresponding to the position of the edge signal is fed from the edge signal generating circuit 39 to the latch circuit 116 that latches the positional data of the vertical strips 6j in the segmented image area 2ij.

The CPU 51 produces. the positional data of the intersection 7ij of the striped patterns from the positional data of the horizontal stripe 5i and the vertical stripe 6j in the segmented image area 2ij. At the same ' time, the four channel registration error data at this intersecting point 7ij are obtained as described above. Then, during one field period, two kinds of data are obtained for all of the segmented image areas of the effective image area 1.

Accordingly, as seen in Figure 15, data Al to A5 Of the horizontal registration errors of the intersections 711 to 715 Of the stripes within the segmented image areas on a selected row, for example, 211 to 215 are measured and plotted, as represented by the solid circles in Figure 15. Furthermore, the centres of the segmented image areas 211 to 215 are located at tol to t05, respectively. The horizontal registration data, Cl to C5, shown by the open circles in Figure 15, at the centres of the respective segmented image areas are obtained as follows.

When the registration error data C2 at the centre of a segmented image area, for example, 212, is calculated, the positions t7l and t72 of the two measured data points Al and A2 which are just ahead of and behind the data point C2, are checked because their magnitudes el and e2 are already known, and the position to of the desired error data C2- is already known, so the difference x2 between the magnitudes of the error data C2 and A2 can be expressed as follows:

x2 = d2 - b12/a12 = (el - e2) (t72 - t02)/(t72 - t7l)... (1) Fur theitrur.-re, F. Cifference xj between the magnitudes of the error data Cl at 11, -he centre of the segmented image area at one end 23 of the row, for example, the segmented image area 211 and the nearby measured data A1 is calculated as follows:

xl = dl b12/a12 = (el e2) (t71 t01)/(t72 - t71) (2) By carrying out the calculations above to accomplish the interpolation, or extrapolation, at every channel over the entire number of segmented image areas 211 to 235 of the image area 1, the registration errors of the respective channels at the centres of the segmented image areas are calculated during one field period.

Therefore, based on the calculated registration errors, the registration adjustment can be effected as described above using the demultiplexer 60 and the deflection circuit 20.

With the embodiment of Figure 13, if the optical image at the intersecting point of the cross-stripes of the registration test chart exists within each of the segmented image areas, then the registration error data at the centres of the respective segmented image areas can be obtained using the above calculations during a relatively short period of time. Therefore, the conditions necessary for aligning the positions of the registration test chart can be considerably reduced.

Although in the foregoing description the interpolation and extrapolation are effected by straight line approximation, that is, a linear equation, such interpolation and extrapolation could also be effected by using a quadratic expression or a cubic expression.

Thus, in use the embodiment of Figure 13, because the amount of the registration errors at the predetermined position of each segmented image area can be calculated from the position at which the registration error of the respecti,e segmented image areas is detected and the amount of the detected registration error, it is possible to provide registration adjusting apparatus for a multi-tube colour television camera that can alleviate the difficulties presently encountered when aligning the positions of the registration test chart.

24

Claims (16)

  1. 7 1. A multi-tube colour television camera with an automatic registration adjusting system, the camera comprising: 'A first and second pick-up tubes for deriving respective first and second video signals corresponding to an image of a registration adjustment test chart; deflection control means for controlling beam deflection of said first and second image pick-up tubes; error sampling means for comparing said first and second video signals to produce registration errors, and sampling said registration errors at points therein corresponding to an array of segmented areas of the image of said test chart; deflection control data generating means for generating deflection control data supplied to said deflection control circuit in response to sampled registration errors from said error sampling means, so that the registration errors are sequentially varied in response to generated deflection control data; polarity detecting means for detecting changes in polarity of the registration errors from said error sampling means for each of said segmented areas of the image; memory means having a plurality of addresses corresponding to said segmented areas of the image for storing the deflection control data at each of said addresses when the registration error of the corresponding segmented area changes polarity; control means for controlling the deflection control data when the registration errors of all segmented areas of the image change polarities; and read out means for reading out deflection control data from said memory means and feeding deflection control data based on said read out data to said deflection control circuit.
  2. 2. A camera according to claim 1 further comprising a temporary memory for temporarily storing the sampled registration errors from error sampling mc:ans, and address generator means to re.-'eive a horizonGal drive signal and = vertical drive signL_ Saild camera for generating therefrom address signals fed to said temporary memory for determining addresses in said temporary memory at which the sampled registration errors are stored, the output of said temporary memory being fed to said polarity detecting means.
  3. 3. A camera according to claim 2 wherein reading and writing of said temporary memory is controlled by said address signals, and said address generator means also receives a clock signal of predetermined frequency for clocking said address signals in synchronism therewith.
  4. 4. A camera according to claim 1 wherein said control means comprises a central processing unit connected to said memory means.
  5. 5. A camera according to claim 4 further comprising address generator means connected to receive a vertical drive signal and a horizontal drive signal of said camera, and a clock signal of predetermined frequency for producing address signals fed to said central processing unit for reading and writing said deflection control data in said memory means.
  6. 6. A camera according to claim 4 further comprising address generator means connected to receive a vertical drive signal and a horizontal drive signal of said camera and a clock signal of predetermined frequency for producing address signals therefrom and a latch circuit receiving said address signals as positional data relative to said test chart, said positional data being fed to said central processing unit in correspondence with said registration error data, so that said central processing unit calculates the registration errors at the centres of said segmented image areas.
  7. 7. A camera according to claim 6 wherein said central processing unit calculates the registration errors by linear interpolation.
  8. 8. A method of registration adjustment for a multi-tube colour television camera, the method comprising:
    deriving respective first and second. video signals to an image of a registration adjustment test chart from respective and second pick-up tubes; a 26 controlling beam deflection of said first and second image pick-up I tubes; comparing said first and second video signals to produce registration errors and sampling said registration errors at points therein corresponding to an array of segmented areas of the image of said test chart; generating deflection control data supplied to said deflection control circuit in response to sampled registration errors from said error sampling, so that the registration errors are sequentially varied in response to generated deflection control data; detecting changes in polarity of the registration errors from said error sampling for each of said segmented areas of the image; storing the deflection control data in a memory having a plurality of addresses corresponding to said segmented areas of the image at each of said addresses when the registration error of the corresponding segmented area changes polarity; controlling the deflection control data when the registration errors of all segmented areas of the image change polarities; and reading out deflection control data from said memory and feeding deflection control data based on said read out data for controlling said beam deflection.
  9. 9. A method according to claim 8 further comprising temporarily storing the sampled registration errors from said error sampling means in a temporary memory, and generating address signals from a horizontal drive signal and a vertical drive signal of said camera, said address signals determining addresses in said temporary memory at which the sampled registration errors are stored, the output of said temporary memory being used in detecting changes in polarity.
  10. 10. A method according to claim 9 wherein reading and writing of said temporary memory is controlled by said address signals, and said addresses are generated using a clock signal of predetermined frequency for clocking said address signals in synchronism therewith.
  11. 11. A method according to claim 9 1-urther comprising generating address signals from a vertical drive signal and a horizontal drive 27 signal of said camera and a clock signal of predetermined frequency for producing address signals therefrom and latching said address signals in a latch as positional data relative to said test chart, said positional data being fed to a central processing unit in correspondence with said registration error data, so that said central processing unit calculates the registration errors at the centres of said segmented image areas.
  12. 12. A method according to claim 11 wherein said central processing unit calculates the registration errors by linear interpolation.
  13. 13. A multi-tube colour television camera with an automatic registration adjusting system, the camera being substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 5 of the accompanying drawings.
  14. 14. A multi-tube colour television camera with an automatic registration adjusting system, the camera being substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figure 13 of the accompanying drawings.
  15. 15. A method of registration adjustment of a camera according to claim 13, the method being substantially as hereinbefore described.
  16. 16. A method of registration adjustment of a camera according to claim 14, the method being substantially as hereinbefore described.
    Publibhed 1988 at The Patent Office, state House, W71 High Holborn, London WCIR 4TP. Further copies may be obtained from The Patent office, sales Branch, St Mar7 Cray, Orpington, Kent BR5 3F.D. Printed by Multiplex techniques ltd, St Mar7 Cray, Kent. Con. 1/87.
GB8809344A 1987-04-22 1988-04-20 Registration adjustment in colour television cameras Expired - Fee Related GB2203919B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP62099065A JPS63263988A (en) 1987-04-22 1987-04-22 Registration adjusting device for multitubular color television camera
JP62105380A JPS63269885A (en) 1987-04-28 1987-04-28 Registration adjuster for multi-tubular color television camera

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GB8809344D0 GB8809344D0 (en) 1988-05-25
GB2203919A true GB2203919A (en) 1988-10-26
GB2203919B GB2203919B (en) 1991-02-20

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DE (1) DE3813461C2 (en)
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WO2005096218A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-13 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Imaging system performance measurement

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JPH02200087A (en) * 1989-01-30 1990-08-08 Hitachi Denshi Ltd Image pickup device and image pickup element
DE3908326C1 (en) * 1989-03-15 1990-01-04 Helmut K. Pinsch Gmbh & Co, 2000 Hamburg, De
DE69029507T2 (en) * 1989-11-09 1997-05-15 Ikegami Tsushinki Kk Image adjustment and contour correction circuit and method for solid-state camera
US5202767A (en) * 1990-12-26 1993-04-13 Pathology Imaging Corporation Multimode computerized multicolor camera and method therefor
JPH0851635A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-02-20 Sony Corp Image pickup device
EP0878970A3 (en) * 1997-05-16 1999-08-18 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Imager registration error and chromatic aberration measurement system for a video camera
DE19731817C2 (en) * 1997-07-21 2000-07-06 Elexso Sortiertechnik Ag Method and device for positioning a line scan camera in a sorting machine
US6356672B1 (en) 1999-03-08 2002-03-12 Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing the color registration artifact of image capture devices
US7161627B2 (en) * 2001-08-10 2007-01-09 Hitachi Kokusai Electric Inc. Apparatus and method of registration correction for video signal processor and a television camera having registration correcting function
JP6192391B2 (en) * 2013-07-05 2017-09-06 キヤノン株式会社 Photoelectric conversion system

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JPS641998B2 (en) * 1979-04-09 1989-01-13 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co
JPS6342912B2 (en) * 1979-09-29 1988-08-26 Sony Corp
JPS587991A (en) * 1981-07-08 1983-01-17 Sony Corp Registration adjusting circuit for multitube color camera
FR2514220B1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-12-02 Thomson Csf
JPS59167194A (en) * 1983-03-11 1984-09-20 Hitachi Denshi Ltd Registration correcting circuit of color television camera
JPS6068779A (en) * 1983-09-22 1985-04-19 Sony Corp Automatic control circuit of video camera

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EP0518185A2 (en) * 1991-06-10 1992-12-16 Eastman Kodak Company Cross correlation image sensor alignment system
EP0518185A3 (en) * 1991-06-10 1993-03-17 Eastman Kodak Company Cross correlation image sensor alignment system
US5453840A (en) * 1991-06-10 1995-09-26 Eastman Kodak Company Cross correlation image sensor alignment system
WO2005096218A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-13 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Imaging system performance measurement
US8090218B2 (en) 2004-03-31 2012-01-03 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Imaging system performance measurement

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FR2614488B1 (en) 1990-02-09
FR2614488A1 (en) 1988-10-28
DE3813461A1 (en) 1988-11-10
US4835594A (en) 1989-05-30
DE3813461C2 (en) 1995-12-21
KR880013378A (en) 1988-11-30
GB2203919B (en) 1991-02-20
KR970002142B1 (en) 1997-02-24
GB8809344D0 (en) 1988-05-25

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Effective date: 20020420