GB2198647A - Distractor - Google Patents

Distractor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2198647A
GB2198647A GB08727186A GB8727186A GB2198647A GB 2198647 A GB2198647 A GB 2198647A GB 08727186 A GB08727186 A GB 08727186A GB 8727186 A GB8727186 A GB 8727186A GB 2198647 A GB2198647 A GB 2198647A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
arms
surgical instrument
patient end
instrument according
preceding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB08727186A
Other versions
GB8727186D0 (en
Inventor
Richard Juniper
Original Assignee
Richard Juniper
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB868629490A priority Critical patent/GB8629490D0/en
Application filed by Richard Juniper filed Critical Richard Juniper
Publication of GB8727186D0 publication Critical patent/GB8727186D0/en
Publication of GB2198647A publication Critical patent/GB2198647A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/2812Surgical forceps with a single pivotal connection
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/025Joint distractors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/2812Surgical forceps with a single pivotal connection
    • A61B17/2833Locking means
    • A61B2017/2837Locking means with a locking ratchet

Abstract

Joint (e.g. temporomandibular) distractor comprising a pair of arms (1,2) hinged together (3) and means (e.g. ratchet mechanism 11-19) for locking the arms in a fixed position. The distal arm ends (35, 36) are inclined away from each other ( theta is typically 60 DEG ) and the instrument phone and the tips (37, 38) are suitable (e.g. circular) for insertion in drilled holes or recesses in the relevant bones. <IMAGE>

Description

SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS This invention relates to surgical instruments.

The invention is more particularly concerned with instruments for use in separating the temporomandibular joint such as to enable surgical reconstruction of the joint.

Numerous operations have been devised to treat temporomandibular joint dysfunction. The approach to the joint is generally through a preauricular incision which gives good access and avoids the upper branches of the facial nerve. Until recent years, most of these operations have been of a destructive nature, where access to the joint compartment has to be transitory and the surgery relatively crude. With the advent of the various operations devised to reconstruct the soft tissues of the joint, improved access has become paramount.

During such operatons, the joint surfaces have to be distracted and held sufficiently wide apart and stable to reconstruct the meniscus. There has to be adequate space to enable the operator to introduce 6sutures across the posterior band and bilaminar zone from the medial to the lateral side.

It is insufficient simply for the assistant to grasp the mandible by various means and manipulate the condyle. If instrumentation is introduced into the joint space this impedes the surgeon and damages the joint surfaces. Inserting K-wires into the eminence and neck of the condyle and securing a clamp upon them has merit, but is bulky and again restricts the space in which to manipulate instruments.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a surgical instrument which can be used to alleviate these disadvantages.

According to the present invention there is provided a surgical instrument for use in distraction of the temporomandibular joint, the instrument comprising a pair of arms hinged with one another such that the angle between the arms in the plane of the instrument can be varied to alter the separation between the patient end of the arms, and means for locking the arms together to hold the patient ends of the arms in a desired separation, the patient end of the two arms being inclined away from the plane of the instrument and away from each other, and the patient end of each arm being shaped to be received respectively in a drilled recess formed in the mandible and the temporal bone.

The arms are preferably hinged with one another at a location intermediate their ends, the end of each arm remote from the patient end being provided with manual gripping means. The manual gripping means may be in the form of a ring on each arm for receiving the finger and thumb of the user. The locking means preferably comprises a ratchet plate mounted with one arm and a releasable locking pawl mounted with the other arm. The arms may be bowed outwardly on the patient side of the point where the arms are hinged together, a portion of the arms towards the patient end of the instrument are inclined substantailly at right angles to the plane of the instrument.The patient end of the two arms are preferably inclined outwardly away from each other at an angle of substantially 60 degrees and taper in thickness along their length from the point where they are hinged together to their patient end where they are of smaller thickness and of substantially circular section. The strength of the arms is preferably such as to allow them to flex when forces above 2.5kg are applied at their patient end.

The instrument may include a soft tissue retractor for holding tissue away from the region of the temporomandibular joint. The soft tissue retractor is preferably mounted on the instrument at the point where the two arms are hinged together, the length of the retractor between its patient end and the hinge point of the arms being selectively adjustable.

An instrument according to the present invention for use in distraction of the temporomandibular joint will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of the instrument; Figures 2 to 5 show the method in which the instrument is used; and Figure 6 shows a modified version of the instrument.

With reference first to Figure 1, the instrument has two arms 1 and 2 of a metal such as stainless steel, tungsten or titanium that are hinged with each other at a joint 3 substantially midway along their lengths. The handle part of each arm 1 and 2 extending rearwardly from the hinged joint 3 is straight and is terminated with a ring 4 and 5 shaped to receive a finger and thumb of the surgeon.

The rear part of the upper arm 1 carries a ratchet in the form of an arcuate plate 11 that extends in the plane of the instrument towards the rear part of the opposite arm 2. The rear curved edge 12 of the ratchet plate 11 is cut with inclined teeth 13. The ratchet plate 11 projects through an opening 14 in the rear part of the lower arm 2. In the rear end of the opening 14 there is journalled a pawl lever 16 which has a toothed surface 17 that is urged into contact with the toothed edge 12 of the ratchet plate 11 by means of a leaf spring 18. The pawl lever projects outwardly of the arm 2 and, at its outer end, is formed with a finger engaging tab 19. By pulling the tab 19 rearwardly, the pawl lever 16 can be displaced in a clockwise sense thereby bring its toothed surface 17 out of engagement with the ratchet plate 11.

The forward end of each arm 1 and 2 is bowed outwardly in a region 21 immediately forward of the hinged joint 3, both arms extending generally in the plane of the instrument over this bowed region. At a location 30 about two thirds of the distance along the forward portion of the arms 1 and 2 they are bent approximately at right angles to the plane of the instrument to form projecting fingers 31 and 32 respectively. Each finger is divided into two parts: a straight rear portion 33 and 34 which extend generally parallel to each other, and a patient end tip 35 and 36 which are each straight and are inclined outwardly from one another at an angle 0 of sixty degrees. The arms 1 and 2 taper in thickness along their length from the hinged joint 3 to the tips 35 and 36 which are both of smaller thickness and of circular section with rounded ends 37 and 38.

In the closed state of the instrument, the rear portions 33 and 34 of the fingers 31 and 32 lie against one another with the tips 35 and 36 inclined outwardly at an angle of sixty degrees. In this state, the rings 4 and 5 at the rear of the instrument will be at their maximum separation.

The inclination of the teeth 13 on the ratchet plate 11 and of those on the toothed surface 17 of the pawl lever 16 are such that they slide over one another when the rear end of the arms 1 and 2 are closed and the forward end is opened. If, however, force is applied to close the forward end of the arms, the teeth on the ratchet plate 11 and pawl lever 16 engage and resist any such displacement. The forward end of the instrument can only be closed by pulling the tab 19 to release the pawl lever 16.

Use of the instrument in a method of holding the temporomandibular joint separated will now be described with reference to Figures 2 to 5.

A preauricular incision is first made, as shown in Figure 2, to expose the temporomandibular joint 40.

Using a Number 8 round burr 41 a hole or recess 42 is drilled in the eminentia articularis of the joint 40, in the temporal bone 43, as shown in Figure 3. A hole 44 of the same size is also drilled in the neck of condyle 45 of the mandible 46. The holes 42 and 44 are drilled at an angle e of sixty degrees to each other so that they align with the tips of the instrument.

With the instrument in a closed, or almost closed state, its tips 35 and 36 are inserted into the drilled holes 42 and 44 respectively, as shown in Figure 4.

The handle, rear end of the instrument is then gripped and the two arms 1 and 2 squeezed together to open the forward end of the instrument and hence distract the temporomandibular joint 40, as shown in Figure 5.

When the required separation between the mandible 46 and temporal bone 43 is achieved, the handle of the instrument can be released, the instrument being held in the open position by the pawl lever 16 and ratchet 11.

Because the two tips 35 and 36 of the instrument and the two holes 42 and 44 are inclined with respect to each other, the instrument is retained securely in the drilled holes without the need for any additional securement.

The joint surfaces can be distracted up to a maximum separation of about 12mm which is sufficient to inspect the joint surfaces and contents and to manipulate surgical instruments needed to treat the joint surfaces and meniscus.

The dimensions and material of the arms 1 and 2 are preferably selected so that the strength of the arms allows them to flex when forces above about 2.5 kg are applied at the tip, so as to avoid applying undue force on the soft tissues which remain holding the joint surfaces in apposition.

The instrument can also be used to control the position of the condyle 45 in the sagittal plane by rotating the handles of the instrument in a cranial direction about a pivot point provided by the tip 35 in the hole 42 in the temporal bone. This can be used to bring the condyle 45 forward sufficiently to enable inspection of the posterior aspect of the condyle and the insertion of sutures into the lower part of the bilaminar zone, if desired.

The instrument can be modified, as shown in Figure 6 to include a soft tissue retractor 60. The retractor 60 is formed by an elongate plate 61 that is bent at its forward end in the same general direction as the tips 35 and 36 of the arms 1 and 2, to form a hook 62. The rear end of the plate 61 is bent in tbe opposite sense to form a handle 63. The plate 61 has an axial slot 64 running along its central portion by which the retractor 60 is mounted on the hinged joint 3. A wing nut 65 mounted on the joint 3 is used to lock the retractor in the desired position.

In use, the tips of the instrument are inserted in the drilled holes in the bones, the retractor 61 is pushed forwardly so that the hook 62 catches on the soft tissue. The retractor 61 is then pulled rearwardly by gripping the handle 63 so that the tissue is pulled away from the region of the joint 40, thereby exposing it. The wing nut 65 is then tightened to hold the retractor in the desired position.

Claims (14)

1. A surgical instrument for use in distraction of the temporomandibular joint, wherein the instrument comprises a pair of arms hinged with one another such that the angle between the arms in the plane of the instrument can be varied to alter the separation between the patient end of the arms, and means for locking the arms together to hold the patient ends of the arms in a desired separation, wherein the patient end of the two arms are inclined away from the plane of the instrument and away from each other, and wherein the patient end of each arm is shaped to be received respectively in a drilled recess formed in the mandible and the temporal bone.
2. A surgical instrument according to Claim 1, wherein the arms are hinged with one another at a location intermediate their ends, and wherein the end of each arm remote from the patient end is provided with manual gripping means.
3. A surgical instrument according to Claim 2, wherein the said manual gripping means is in the form of a ring on each arm for receiving the finger and thumb of the user.
4. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the said locking means comprises a ratchet plate mounted with one arm and a releasable locking pawl mounted with the other arm.
5. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the said arms are bowed outwardly on the patient side of the point where the arms are hinged together.
6. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a portion of the arms towards the patient end of the instrument are inclined substantially at right angles to the plane of the instrument.
7. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the patient end of the two arms are inclined outwardly away from each other at an angle of substantially 60 degrees.
8. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the arms taper in thickness along their length from the point where they are hinged together to their patient end where they are of smaller thickness and of substantially circular section.
9. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the strength of the arms is such as to allow them to flex when forces above 2.5kg are applied at their patient end.
10. A surgical instrument according to any one of the preceding claims, including a soft tissue retractor for holding tissue away from the region of the temporomanibular joint.
11. A surgical instrument according to Claim 10, wherein the soft tissue retractor is mounted on the instrument at the point where the two arms are hinged together, and wherein the length of the retractor between its patient end and the hinge point of the arms is selectively adjustable.
12. A surgical instrument substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figures 1 to 5 of the accompanying drawings.
13. A surgical instrument substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to Figures 1 to 5 as modified by Figure 6 of the accompanying drawings.
14. Any novel feature or combination of features as hereinbefore described.
GB08727186A 1986-12-10 1987-11-20 Distractor Withdrawn GB2198647A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB868629490A GB8629490D0 (en) 1986-12-10 1986-12-10 Surgical instruments

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8727186D0 GB8727186D0 (en) 1987-12-23
GB2198647A true GB2198647A (en) 1988-06-22

Family

ID=10608759

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB868629490A Pending GB8629490D0 (en) 1986-12-10 1986-12-10 Surgical instruments
GB08727186A Withdrawn GB2198647A (en) 1986-12-10 1987-11-20 Distractor

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB868629490A Pending GB8629490D0 (en) 1986-12-10 1986-12-10 Surgical instruments

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (2) GB8629490D0 (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2218912A (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-11-29 Taha Roudan Lazim Surgical retractor
FR2635452A1 (en) * 1988-08-17 1990-02-23 Sakr Ahmed Surgical forceps for maxillofacial surgery
FR2684866A1 (en) * 1991-12-12 1993-06-18 Jbs Sa Improvements to processes and rectifying devices, fixation, compression, elongation of the spine.
WO1995005786A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Fairant, Paulette Ancillary equipment for correcting a deformed spine
WO1995005784A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Fairant, Paulette Ancillary equipment for fixing rachidian instrumentation
GB2307861A (en) * 1995-12-08 1997-06-11 Corin Medical Ltd Prosthesis holding device
US5672175A (en) * 1993-08-27 1997-09-30 Martin; Jean Raymond Dynamic implanted spinal orthosis and operative procedure for fitting
US5733284A (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-03-31 Paulette Fairant Device for anchoring spinal instrumentation on a vertebra
WO1999034737A1 (en) * 1998-01-05 1999-07-15 Tegementa, L.L.C Distraction device for vertebral disc procedures
US5935151A (en) * 1995-12-15 1999-08-10 Broughton; Bruce G. Vertebral distraction pump
WO2000067649A1 (en) * 1999-05-07 2000-11-16 Andrews Emmet Joseph Howard Pe A surgical forceps
FR2808990A1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2001-11-23 Willy Rusch Gmbh Tracheotomy instrument has grooves in curved jaws for wire and additional element curved away from jaws and able to pivot or slide
WO2006017886A1 (en) 2004-08-15 2006-02-23 Kevin Seex Distraction and retraction assemblies
WO2010014719A1 (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-04 Synthes Usa, Llc Plate holding bone forceps and method of use
US8753348B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2014-06-17 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Compressor-distractor
US8998917B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2015-04-07 Depuy International Ltd. Instrument assembly for use in knee joint replacement surgery
US9498199B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2016-11-22 Depuy International Ltd. Distractor instrument
US20170156721A1 (en) * 2012-01-06 2017-06-08 Arthrex, Inc. Instruments and methods for complete plantar plate repairs
US9750619B2 (en) 2011-09-07 2017-09-05 Depuy Ireland Unlimited Company Surgical instrument

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4165746A (en) * 1977-06-30 1979-08-28 Burgin Kermit H Plastic forceps

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4165746A (en) * 1977-06-30 1979-08-28 Burgin Kermit H Plastic forceps

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2218912B (en) * 1988-05-26 1992-09-23 Taha Roudan Lazim Surgical retractor
GB2218912A (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-11-29 Taha Roudan Lazim Surgical retractor
FR2635452A1 (en) * 1988-08-17 1990-02-23 Sakr Ahmed Surgical forceps for maxillofacial surgery
FR2684866A1 (en) * 1991-12-12 1993-06-18 Jbs Sa Improvements to processes and rectifying devices, fixation, compression, elongation of the spine.
WO1993011715A1 (en) * 1991-12-12 1993-06-24 Jbs Sa Improvements relating to processes and devices for straightening, clamping, compressing and stretching the spine
US5733284A (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-03-31 Paulette Fairant Device for anchoring spinal instrumentation on a vertebra
WO1995005786A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Fairant, Paulette Ancillary equipment for correcting a deformed spine
WO1995005784A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-02 Fairant, Paulette Ancillary equipment for fixing rachidian instrumentation
FR2709248A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1995-03-03 Martin Jean Raymond Ancillary equipment installation of spinal instrumentation.
FR2722393A1 (en) * 1993-08-27 1996-01-19 Martin Jean Raymond Ancillary equipment for correcting spinal deformities
US5797910A (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-08-25 Paulette Fairant Operative equipment for correcting a spinal deformity
US5704937A (en) * 1993-08-27 1998-01-06 Paulette Fairant Operative equipment for fixing spinal instrumentation
US5672175A (en) * 1993-08-27 1997-09-30 Martin; Jean Raymond Dynamic implanted spinal orthosis and operative procedure for fitting
GB2307861A (en) * 1995-12-08 1997-06-11 Corin Medical Ltd Prosthesis holding device
GB2307861B (en) * 1995-12-08 1999-12-01 Corin Medical Ltd Surgical instrument and prosthesis combination
US5935151A (en) * 1995-12-15 1999-08-10 Broughton; Bruce G. Vertebral distraction pump
WO1999034737A1 (en) * 1998-01-05 1999-07-15 Tegementa, L.L.C Distraction device for vertebral disc procedures
US6599292B1 (en) 1998-01-05 2003-07-29 Tegementa, L.L.C. Distraction device for vertebral disc procedures and method of distracting
WO2000067649A1 (en) * 1999-05-07 2000-11-16 Andrews Emmet Joseph Howard Pe A surgical forceps
US7153321B2 (en) 1999-05-07 2006-12-26 Andrews Emmet Joseph Howard Pe Surgical forceps
AU761693B2 (en) * 1999-05-07 2003-06-05 Emmet Joseph Howard Peter Andrews A surgical forceps
FR2808990A1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2001-11-23 Willy Rusch Gmbh Tracheotomy instrument has grooves in curved jaws for wire and additional element curved away from jaws and able to pivot or slide
US9351773B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2016-05-31 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Compressor-distractor
US8753348B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2014-06-17 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Compressor-distractor
WO2006017886A1 (en) 2004-08-15 2006-02-23 Kevin Seex Distraction and retraction assemblies
EP1786338A1 (en) * 2004-08-15 2007-05-23 Kevin Seex Distraction and retraction assemblies
EP1786338A4 (en) * 2004-08-15 2012-03-28 Kevin Seex Distraction and retraction assemblies
US9498199B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2016-11-22 Depuy International Ltd. Distractor instrument
US8998917B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2015-04-07 Depuy International Ltd. Instrument assembly for use in knee joint replacement surgery
CN102105110B (en) 2008-07-29 2014-08-06 信其思有限责任公司 Plate holding bone forceps and method of use
JP2011529735A (en) * 2008-07-29 2011-12-15 シンセス ゲーエムベーハー Plate holding bone forceps and use
CN102105110A (en) * 2008-07-29 2011-06-22 信其思有限责任公司 Plate holding bone forceps and method of use
WO2010014719A1 (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-04 Synthes Usa, Llc Plate holding bone forceps and method of use
US9642641B2 (en) 2008-07-29 2017-05-09 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Plate holding bone forceps and method of use
US9750619B2 (en) 2011-09-07 2017-09-05 Depuy Ireland Unlimited Company Surgical instrument
US10105242B2 (en) 2011-09-07 2018-10-23 Depuy Ireland Unlimited Company Surgical instrument and method
US20170156721A1 (en) * 2012-01-06 2017-06-08 Arthrex, Inc. Instruments and methods for complete plantar plate repairs
US9974537B2 (en) * 2012-01-06 2018-05-22 Arthrex, Inc. Instruments and methods for complete plantar plate repairs

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB8727186D0 (en) 1987-12-23
GB8629490D0 (en) 1987-01-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2153329C (en) Suturing method, apparatus and system for use in endoscopic procedures
AU694445B2 (en) Surgical clip applier
US6544267B1 (en) Tissue anchoring system and method
US7094240B2 (en) Flexible member tensioning instruments and methods
AU771184B2 (en) Biopsy jaw assembly
US8394107B2 (en) Guide for spinal tools, implants, and devices
US4265231A (en) Curved drill attachment for bone drilling uses
US7931677B2 (en) Rod reducer method
KR101008466B1 (en) Instruments for minimally invasive stabilization of bony structures
JP4097296B2 (en) Applicator for deploying surgical fasteners into the tissue
US8900275B2 (en) Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures
US5033477A (en) Method and apparatus for providing intrapericardial access and inserting intrapericardial electrodes
EP1175179B1 (en) A surgical forceps
ES2224463T3 (en) Device for impaction and extraction of an implant into a bone.
US4923461A (en) Method of arthroscopic suturing of tissue
US6168631B1 (en) Subtalar implant system and method for insertion and removal
JP4447015B2 (en) Guide clamp for guiding the placement of the guide wire into the femoral
US7585305B2 (en) Suture passing instrument
US4669470A (en) Surgical forceps/scissors
US7189234B2 (en) Interspinous process implant sizer and distractor with a split head and size indicator and method
US6835200B2 (en) Method and devices for tissue reconfiguration
JP2753357B2 (en) Fracture reduction apparatus
US7182775B2 (en) Super atraumatic grasper apparatus
JP5844737B2 (en) Apparatus for performing spinal surgery
US5499997A (en) Endoscopic tenaculum surgical instrument

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)