GB1219123A - Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles - Google Patents

Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles

Info

Publication number
GB1219123A
GB1219123A GB245268A GB245268A GB1219123A GB 1219123 A GB1219123 A GB 1219123A GB 245268 A GB245268 A GB 245268A GB 245268 A GB245268 A GB 245268A GB 1219123 A GB1219123 A GB 1219123A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
signal
credit
vehicle
counter
gate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB245268A
Inventor
Thomas Duncan Gray Er Jamieson
John Campbell Parker
George Ogilvie Robertson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ferranti PLC
Original Assignee
Ferranti PLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/02Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by keys or other credit registering devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/34Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using cards, e.g. integrated circuit [IC] cards or magnetic cards
    • G06Q20/343Cards including a counter
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/34Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using cards, e.g. integrated circuit [IC] cards or magnetic cards
    • G06Q20/343Cards including a counter
    • G06Q20/3433Cards including a counter the counter having monetary units
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/02Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/06Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
    • G07B15/063Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/14Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for fastenings for doors; for turnstiles
    • G07F17/145Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for fastenings for doors; for turnstiles for revolving doors or turnstiles

Abstract

1,219,123. Toll system for road vehicles FERRANTI Ltd. 15 Jan., 1969 [17 Jan. 1968], No. 2452/68. Headings G4T and G4Q' A toll system for road vehicles comprises a toll point for each vehicle lane, there being a sensor 11 in the road which, on passage of a vehicle causes an interrogator station to emit a signal, which signal is received by transponder (Fig. 2) on the vehicle, debits a prepaid credit unit, and sends a reply signal to the interrogator. If the vehicle has no credit or no transponder, no reply signal is sent and a cine camera 27 is actuated which records the rear number-plate. The sensor utilizes pressure, photo-electric or magneto-electric sensing and the signal may be radio, infra-red or photoelectrical. The passage of the front wheels of a vehicle over pad 11 emits a pulse which causes gate generator 12 to generate a gating pulse, e.g. of 25 ms., and which also activates transmitter 13 to emit a signal at frequency f1 through antenna 15 and also activates receiver 16. If the vehicle has a transponder, the signal is received by receiver 42 and passed through modulator 44 and AND gate 45. The other input of the AND gate is connected to a credit store (pulse counter) 51 which only emits a signal if the store has credit. It is intended that this credit store be officially credited at some chosen time interval and is secured in the transponder by lockable leads. If the vehicle has credit, one or more units are debited from the store and transmitter 46 sends the reply signal at frequency f2 which is received by receiver 16. The interrogator includes a logic network 21 including a 2-stage binary counter 22, an inhibit gate 23 and AND gates 25, 26, gate 26 being opened when the counter holds number 3 (i.e. 2<SP>0</SP>+2<SP>1</SP>=3). Counter 22 normally holds 1, the gating pulse from 12 sets it to 2, but a signal received from receiver 16 resets the counter and returns it to zero. The rear wheels of the vehicle (which have no transponder) set the counter back to 1. If, however, the vehicle emits no reply signal (i.e. no credit or transponder) the rear axle wheels set the counter to 3, gate 25 opens and camera 27 is fired for a few seconds to record the numberplate. Gate 26 opening, inhibits gate 23 and thus keeps the counter at 3 until receiver 16 again receives a signal. Thus the next vehicle which appears will activate the camera regardless of whether it is in credit or not. This waste of film may be prevented by a modification (Fig. 5, not shown) which resets the counter after each camera operation by means of a differentiator and a buffer stage. In an alternative embodiment the signals f1 and f2 are the same frequency in which case a delay circuit is provided for the receiver 16. A higher rate may be set for peak periods by installng a second interrogator station which only operates during these periods. In an alternative credit store, the credit may be added instead of subtracted.
GB245268A 1968-01-17 1968-01-17 Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles Expired GB1219123A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB245268A GB1219123A (en) 1968-01-17 1968-01-17 Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB245268A GB1219123A (en) 1968-01-17 1968-01-17 Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1219123A true true GB1219123A (en) 1971-01-13

Family

ID=9739833

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB245268A Expired GB1219123A (en) 1968-01-17 1968-01-17 Improvements relating to toll systems for road vehicles

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB1219123A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2209860A (en) * 1987-09-11 1989-05-24 Massimo Rinaldi Traffic control system
EP0374877A2 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-06-27 Horst Sonnendorfer System for shopping data acquisition in self-service lay-outs
US5550358A (en) * 1991-01-31 1996-08-27 Tait; Robert A. R. Non-contacting transaction system
DE19506193A1 (en) * 1995-02-23 1996-08-29 Farmont Technik Entry and exit monitoring station for parking places, e.g. car parks

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2209860A (en) * 1987-09-11 1989-05-24 Massimo Rinaldi Traffic control system
EP0374877A2 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-06-27 Horst Sonnendorfer System for shopping data acquisition in self-service lay-outs
EP0374877A3 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-11-07 Horst Sonnendorfer System for shopping data acquisition in self-service lay-outs
US5550358A (en) * 1991-01-31 1996-08-27 Tait; Robert A. R. Non-contacting transaction system
DE19506193A1 (en) * 1995-02-23 1996-08-29 Farmont Technik Entry and exit monitoring station for parking places, e.g. car parks

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