FR2551484A1 - Method for making masonry surrounds for openings and for the positioning and fixing of their joinery. - Google Patents

Method for making masonry surrounds for openings and for the positioning and fixing of their joinery. Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2551484A1
FR2551484A1 FR8314130A FR8314130A FR2551484A1 FR 2551484 A1 FR2551484 A1 FR 2551484A1 FR 8314130 A FR8314130 A FR 8314130A FR 8314130 A FR8314130 A FR 8314130A FR 2551484 A1 FR2551484 A1 FR 2551484A1
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France
Prior art keywords
formwork
hinges
installation
joinery
masonry
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Granted
Application number
FR8314130A
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French (fr)
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FR2551484B1 (en
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ORTIZ ANTOINE
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ORTIZ ANTOINE
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Priority to FR8314130A priority Critical patent/FR2551484B1/en
Publication of FR2551484A1 publication Critical patent/FR2551484A1/en
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Publication of FR2551484B1 publication Critical patent/FR2551484B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G15/00Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels
    • E04G15/02Forms or shutterings for making openings, cavities, slits, or channels for windows, doors, or the like

Abstract

The subject of the invention is a device for producing, in one step, surrounds for openings, sills, renderings, positioning of hinges for shutters, and anchors for exterior joinery. With reference to the figure, 1 is the sill and 13 is the masonry. 2 are the forms for the reveals, with their adjustable spacing braces 8; 4 is the horizontal form for the lintel; 3 are the exterior vertical forms with the hinge supports 6 and the patterns 7 for positioning the hinges 12; 9 are the interior vertical forms with their clips 17 holding the masonry anchors 11 for the joinery standing by. The hinges and masonry anchors are sealed in on casting the concrete; 5 and 10 are the exterior and interior vertical forms. This method, a formwork which can be reused as desired, permits the rapid and inexpensive production of the surrounds for openings and simplified positioning of the joinery.

Description

La présente invention a pour objet à titre de produit industriel nouveau un dispositif pour l'exécution en maçonnerie des tableaux et ébrasements des baies comprenant les tableaux terminés ou à terminer : couche de finition pour raccordement à l'enduit de façade; la pose des gonds de volets et la pose, en attente, des pattes à scellements ou de pré-cadres pour la fixation des menuiseries extérieures fenêtres, portes-fen8tres, portes d'entrées. The subject of the present invention is, as a new industrial product, a device for the execution in masonry of paintings and splaying of racks comprising finished or to be finished paintings: finishing layer for connection to the façade coating; the installation of the hinges of shutters and the installation, on standby, of the sealing tabs or of pre-frames for the fixing of exterior joinery windows, French windows, entry doors.
Actuellement la réalisation de ces différents travaux s'exécute en plusieurs phases
Maçonnerie : Vide pour la baie avec mise d'aplomb des tableaux.
Currently the realization of these different works is carried out in several phases
Masonry: Empty for the bay with plumbing of the tables.
Menuiserie : Pose des menuiseríes extérieures : portesfenêtres, fenêtres. Joinery: Installation of exterior joinery: glass doors, windows.
Maçonnerie : Enduit préalable deux couches des tableaux avec mise en place de règles pour alignements et are tes.  Masonry: Two-coat plaster of the boards with setting up rules for alignments and are tes.
Menuiserie : Pose des volets et scellements des gonds. Carpentry: Installation of shutters and hinge seals.
Maçonnerie: Enduit de finition, tableaux et façades ou en version différente, l'utilisation de pre-oadres métalliques, bois ou béton, d'un coût élevé. Masonry: Finishing plaster, tables and facades or in a different version, the use of metallic, wood or concrete pre-frames, at a high cost.
Le dispositif objet de la présente invention est remarquable en ce qu'il comporte la realisation en une seule phase de tous ces travaux, ou en deux phases quand il convient que les retours en tableaux soient du même enduit que celui de façade. D'oU une économie importante de main d'oeuvre qualifiée. Ce dispositif est réutilisable à volonté. The device which is the subject of the present invention is remarkable in that it comprises the realization in a single phase of all these works, or in two phases when it is advisable that the returns in paintings be of the same coating as that of the facade. Hence a significant saving in skilled labor. This device is reusable at will.
Une forme d'exécution de l'invention est décrite ciaprès à titre indicatif et nullement limitatif en se référant aux dessins annexés, pour un mur classique de 0.35 d1 épaisseur.  An embodiment of the invention is described below by way of indication and in no way limiting with reference to the accompanying drawings, for a conventional wall of 0.35 d1 thickness.
La figure I est une vue extérieure en élévation du dispositif monté.Figure I is an external elevational view of the mounted device.
La figure 2 est une coupe horizontale A B.Figure 2 is a horizontal section A B.
La figure 3 est la coupe horizontale détaillée.Figure 3 is the detailed horizontal section.
Pour l'utilisation du dispositif on procède de la façon suivante
A l'emplacement de la baie, on laisse dans la maçonnerie I3 une ouverture d'une dimension supérieure en largeur de quelques centimètres, sans la nécessité de mise d'aplomb des tableaux. On exécute la maçonnerie jusqu'à hauteur du chalaze en laissant la portée des linteaux.
The procedure for using the device is as follows
At the location of the bay, we leave in the masonry I3 an opening of a larger dimension in width of a few centimeters, without the need to plumb the paintings. The masonry is carried out up to the height of the chalaze, leaving the span of the lintels.
On pose de niveau l'appui de fenêtre I, fourni selon le modèle décrit ou un modèle adapté au type de maçonnerie, la partie supérieure de l'appui correspondant à la base prévue de la menuiserie. We place the window sill I, supplied according to the model described or a model adapted to the type of masonry, with the upper part of the support corresponding to the intended base of the carpentry.
Ensuite on pose le dispositif comprenant
Sur l'appui, les coffrages de tableaux 2, droite et gauche, comportant les entretoises d'écartement 8 qui maintiennent l'équerrage de l'ensemble, règlables en largeur pour différentes dimensions de baies, exemple 80, I00 ou I20 oms.
Then the device comprising
On the support, the panel forms 2, right and left, comprising the spacers 8 which maintain the squaring of the assembly, adjustable in width for different dimensions of bays, for example 80, I00 or I20 oms.
Pour les tableaux finis, utilisation des percements horizontaux 8 a
Pour les tableaux à finir, utilisation des percements verticaux 8 b
Sur les coffrages de tableaux on pose le fond de linteau 4
Sur l'appui on pose les coffrages des montants extérieurs 3 droite et gauche avec leurs gonds I2 en attente, posés sur le support 6 et règlés en écartement et d'aplomb par le gabarit 7, figure 4 . Ces coffrages sont posés en applique sur les coffrages des tableaux 2 maintenus par les clips I7 et sur la maçonnerie I3
Sur l'appui on pose les coffrages intérieurs 9, en applique sur les coffrages des tableaux 2 et la maçonnerie I3.
For finished tables, use of horizontal holes 8 a
For tables to be finished, use the vertical holes 8 b
On the shuttering of tables we put the lintel bottom 4
On the support, the formwork of the external uprights 3 is placed on the right and left with their pending I2 hinges, placed on the support 6 and adjusted in spacing and plumb by the template 7, FIG. 4. These forms are applied on the formwork of the panels 2 held by clips I7 and on the masonry I3
On the support, the interior formwork 9 is laid, applied to the formwork of the panels 2 and the masonry I3.
Sur ces coffrages sont posées en attente les pattes à seellet ments II , maintenues par les clips 18
On maintient ces coffrages 3 et 9 à l'aide de serre-joints.
On these formwork are placed in waiting the segmenting legs II, held by the clips 18
These forms 3 and 9 are maintained using clamps.
Sur les coffrages des tableaux et le fond de linteau on pose les coffrages verticaux du linteau extérieur 5 et intérieur IO , avec patte à scellement II en attente. On maintient ces coffrages sur la maçonnerie à l'aide de serrejoints. On obtient le montage figure 5
On coule les tableaux et linteaux en béton courant ou béton isolant.
On the shutterings of the tables and the bottom of the lintel we put the vertical shutters of the exterior lintel 5 and interior IO, with seal tab II pending. These forms are maintained on the masonry using clamps. We get the assembly figure 5
Tables and lintels are poured in running concrete or insulating concrete.
Après décoffrage, on peut procéder à la mise en place des menuiseries extérieures figure 6
On pose un joint d'étanchéité compriband ou autre procé- dé sur le bord supérieur de l'appui I et sur la partie intérieure du tableau. On place la menuiserie sur l'appui
I , on l'applique sur les tableaux 2 et on la fixe à l'aide des pattes à scellements Il laissées en attente dans le béton.
After formwork removal, we can proceed to the installation of exterior joinery figure 6
A compriband or other process seal is placed on the upper edge of the support I and on the inside of the switchboard. Carpentry is placed on the support
I, we apply it to tables 2 and we fix it using the sealing tabs II left waiting in the concrete.
La pose de la menuiserie est rapide puisque la mise à niveau, d'aplomb et d'écartement est automatique et que les scellements sont déjà réalisés. The installation of the joinery is quick since the leveling, plumbing and spacing is automatic and the seals are already made.
Les volets peuvent être livrés peints puisqu'il n'y a que la mise en place à effectuer. The shutters can be delivered painted since there is only the installation to be carried out.
Naturellement le même dispositif est adaptable à chaque type et dimension de baie : fenêtre, chassis, porte d'entrée, et porte-fenêtre sans utilisation de l'appui I
I1 est bien entendu que la présente invention n'est pas limitée au mode d'utilisation décrit et représenté qui constitue seulement un exemple auquel de nombreuses modifications peuvent être apportées sans qu'on s'écarte de la présente invention. Par exemple l'utilisation des coffrages extérieurs 3 comme gabarit de pose des gonds des volets.
Naturally the same device can be adapted to each type and size of window: window, frame, front door, and French window without using the support I
I1 is understood that the present invention is not limited to the mode of use described and shown which is only an example to which many modifications can be made without departing from the present invention. For example, the use of external formwork 3 as a template for fitting the hinges of the shutters.
Le dispositif décrit est applicable pour maçonnerie classique agglos + laine de verre + brique + enduit plâtre, modèle décrit. I1 existe des variantes pour maçonnerie + complexe cloisons sèches ou maçonnerie agglos + isolation extérieure, enduit extérieur classique ou projeté, et également pour différentes menuiseries bois, métallique ou plastique, avec ou sans volets.  The device described is applicable for classic agglos masonry + glass wool + brick + plaster coating, model described. There are variants for masonry + drywall complex or chipboard masonry + exterior insulation, conventional or projected exterior plaster, and also for various wood, metal or plastic joinery, with or without shutters.

Claims (8)

REVENDICATIONS
1. Procédé pour l'exécution en maçonnerie des encadrements de baies, tableaux et linteaux, ainsi que pour la pose des pattes à scellement pour la fixation des menuiseries et pour la pose des gonds de volets, caractérisé par le fait que l'on pose dans l'encadrement de la baie un coffrage d'encadrement (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9,10) sur lequel sont posés en attente les pattes à scellement (11) et les gonds (12), on coule du béton autour du coffrage d'encadrement pour sceller les pattes à scellement et les gonds, et on enlève ensuite le coffrage d'encadrement. 1. Method for the execution in masonry of window frames, tables and lintels, as well as for the installation of sealing tabs for the fixing of joinery and for the installation of hinges of shutters, characterized in that one poses in the frame of the bay a frame formwork (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9.10) on which are placed waiting the sealing tabs (11) and the hinges (12), concrete around the frame form to seal the sealing lugs and hinges, and then remove the frame form.
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé par le fait que la pose du coffrage d'encadrement comprend la pose d'un appui (1), la pose de deux ensembles de coffrage de tableau (2,3,9) et la pose d'un coffrage de linteau (4,5,10). 2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that the installation of the frame formwork comprises the installation of a support (1), the installation of two sets of table formwork (2,3,9) and the installation lintel formwork (4,5,10).
-. Procédé selon la revendication 2, caractérisé par le fait que chaque ensemble de coffrage de tableau comprend un coffrage de tableau (2) un coffrage de montant extérieur (3) et un coffrage de montant intérieur (9). -. A method according to claim 2, characterized in that each set of picture formwork comprises a picture formwork (2) an external stud formwork (3) and an internal stud formwork (9).
4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, caractérisé par le fait que les pattes à scellement (11) sont posées en attente sur les coffrages de montant intérieur (9).  4. Method according to claim 3, characterized in that the sealing tabs (11) are placed in standby on the formwork of the internal upright (9).
5. Procédé selon la revendication 3, caractérisé par le fait que les gonds (12) sont posés en attente sur les coffrages de montant extérieur (3). 5. Method according to claim 3, characterized in that the hinges (12) are placed on standby on the formwork of the external upright (3).
6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, caractérisé par le fait que les gonds (12) sont poses sur des supportes de gonds (6) réglables en hauteur et adaptables à tW es les fabrications de volets. 6. Method according to claim 5, characterized in that the hinges (12) are placed on hinge supports (6) adjustable in height and adaptable to tW es the manufacture of shutters.
7. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 5 et 6, caractérisé par le fait que les gonds (12) sont réglés d'aplomb et en écartement par des gabarits (7).  7. Method according to one of claims 5 and 6, characterized in that the hinges (12) are adjusted vertically and in spacing by jigs (7).
8. Procédé selon la revendication 3, caractérisé par le fait que les coffrages tableau (2) sont maintenus d'équerre par des entretoises (8) réglables pour différentes largeurs de tableaux, comportant unréglage (8a) pour les tableaux finis et un réglage (8b) pour les tableaux prêts à recevoir une couche de finition. 8. Method according to claim 3, characterized in that the table forms (2) are held square by spacers (8) adjustable for different widths of tables, comprising an adjustment (8a) for finished tables and an adjustment ( 8b) for tables ready to receive a finishing coat.
9. Dispositif pour la mise en oeuvre du procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, col1prenant un co - frage d'encadrement tel que défini dans l'une des revendications 1 à 8.  9. Device for implementing the method according to one of claims 1 to 8, col1prenant co-frage framing as defined in one of claims 1 to 8.
FR8314130A 1983-08-31 1983-08-31 Process for the manufacture of bay frames in masonry, laying and fixing of their joinery Expired FR2551484B1 (en)

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FR8314130A FR2551484B1 (en) 1983-08-31 1983-08-31 Process for the manufacture of bay frames in masonry, laying and fixing of their joinery

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8314130A FR2551484B1 (en) 1983-08-31 1983-08-31 Process for the manufacture of bay frames in masonry, laying and fixing of their joinery

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FR2551484A1 true FR2551484A1 (en) 1985-03-08
FR2551484B1 FR2551484B1 (en) 1986-05-23

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2609082A1 (en) * 1986-12-30 1988-07-01 Tardy Denis Non-reusable formwork device for simultaneously producing all the elements for framing openings including sill and sealing of the shutter hinges
FR2624540A2 (en) * 1986-12-30 1989-06-16 Tardy Denis Non-reusable shuttering device for simultaneous execution of all elements for framing an opening including support and fixing for shutter hinges
US6550194B2 (en) * 1999-01-15 2003-04-22 Feather Lite Innovations, Inc. Window buck system for concrete walls and method of installing a window
US7490442B1 (en) 2004-07-27 2009-02-17 Feather Lite Innovations, Inc. Window system for concrete walls and associated method
US7908804B2 (en) 2007-09-14 2011-03-22 Vieira Jose Structural lintel assembly and building construction method using the same
CN104912326A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-16 昆山征途建筑模架应用技术有限公司 Concrete reinforcing frame combined formwork

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2408704A1 (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-06-08 Parizzi Maurice Window boarding of sheet metal members - having internally winged U=section contg. transverse tubes providing anchorage for fixing bolts
FR2451433A1 (en) * 1979-03-16 1980-10-10 Vieux Alain Retractable shutter for building openings in reinforced concrete - has two part frame with risers and traverses to allow brackets to be cast into concrete around opening
FR2499134A2 (en) * 1979-03-16 1982-08-06 Vieux Alain Shutter for reinforced concrete wall bay - has pre-positioned metal frame to take window shutter and exterior joints

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2408704A1 (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-06-08 Parizzi Maurice Window boarding of sheet metal members - having internally winged U=section contg. transverse tubes providing anchorage for fixing bolts
FR2451433A1 (en) * 1979-03-16 1980-10-10 Vieux Alain Retractable shutter for building openings in reinforced concrete - has two part frame with risers and traverses to allow brackets to be cast into concrete around opening
FR2499134A2 (en) * 1979-03-16 1982-08-06 Vieux Alain Shutter for reinforced concrete wall bay - has pre-positioned metal frame to take window shutter and exterior joints

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2609082A1 (en) * 1986-12-30 1988-07-01 Tardy Denis Non-reusable formwork device for simultaneously producing all the elements for framing openings including sill and sealing of the shutter hinges
FR2624540A2 (en) * 1986-12-30 1989-06-16 Tardy Denis Non-reusable shuttering device for simultaneous execution of all elements for framing an opening including support and fixing for shutter hinges
US6550194B2 (en) * 1999-01-15 2003-04-22 Feather Lite Innovations, Inc. Window buck system for concrete walls and method of installing a window
US7490442B1 (en) 2004-07-27 2009-02-17 Feather Lite Innovations, Inc. Window system for concrete walls and associated method
US7908804B2 (en) 2007-09-14 2011-03-22 Vieira Jose Structural lintel assembly and building construction method using the same
CN104912326A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-16 昆山征途建筑模架应用技术有限公司 Concrete reinforcing frame combined formwork

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