FR2516503A1 - Activating bacterial composting process - by passing electrolysing current through material to accelerate thermophilic stage - Google Patents

Activating bacterial composting process - by passing electrolysing current through material to accelerate thermophilic stage Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2516503A1
FR2516503A1 FR8121536A FR8121536A FR2516503A1 FR 2516503 A1 FR2516503 A1 FR 2516503A1 FR 8121536 A FR8121536 A FR 8121536A FR 8121536 A FR8121536 A FR 8121536A FR 2516503 A1 FR2516503 A1 FR 2516503A1
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France
Prior art keywords
composting
new
electrodes
bacterial
accelerate
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FR8121536A
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French (fr)
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FR2516503B1 (en
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Wehrlen Roland
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Priority to FR8121536A priority Critical patent/FR2516503B1/en
Publication of FR2516503A1 publication Critical patent/FR2516503A1/en
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Publication of FR2516503B1 publication Critical patent/FR2516503B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C3/00Treating manure; Manuring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/08Organic fertilisers containing added bacterial cultures, mycelia or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/30Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation using irradiation, e.g. solar or nuclear radiation; using electric or magnetic fields
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N13/00Treatment of microorganisms or enzymes with electrical or wave energy, e.g. magnetism, sonic waves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/141Feedstock
    • Y02P20/145Feedstock the feedstock being materials of biological origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

THE INVENTION RELATES TO A NEW PROCESS PROVIDING BACTERIAL ACTIVATION AND PROLIFERATION IN AN ORGANIC MEDIUM. > <P> THESE ELECTRODES, OF ANY FORMS AND DIMENSIONS, ARE IMPLANTED IN THE ORGANIC MASS TO ENSURE THANKS TO THE DIFFERENCE OF POTENTIAL, THE ELECTROLYSIS OF THE ORGANIC MEDIUM, WHICH ACCELERATES ITS FERMENTATION, OR THE RISING OF THE TEMPERATURE OF THE COMPOST. </P> <P> THE THERMOPHILIC PHASE IS REACHED IN JUST A FEW DAYS. </P> <P> THIS TECHNICAL APPLICATION IS NEW IN THE FIELD OF COMPOSTING, BY THE FAST BACTERIAL FERMENTATION AND ITS IMMEDIATE USE, A FOR HEATING PURPOSES AND ALSO FOR THE RATIONAL PRODUCTION OF NATURAL COMPOST FROM BIOMASS.

Description

 The present invention relates to a new process ensuring activation and bacterial growth in organic matter.

 This new process consists in producing the electrolysis of any liquid t water for example 3 having as support an organic matter.

 Electrolysis is produced by the potential difference of two diFFerent metals, one of which is electro-positive and the other of which is electro-negative. These metals are in the form of electrodes.

 These electrodes as required can be made of strip, rod, or mesh, or any other shape without harming the invention.

 These electrodes are implanted in the moist organic medium to be treated.

 The bacterial proliferation in a wood waste compost, for example, is such that the Thermophilic phase is reached in record time; only a few days.

 This rise in temperature due to the proliferation of bacteria makes it possible to accelerate the natural decomposition of this compost.

 The use of calories produced by these bacteria very quickly increases the temperature of the water, which circulates for example in tubes inside the compost. This water can be used for heating domestic water, premises, or even greenhouses.

 In the usual case of composting, the thermophilic phase is reached after several weeks and only if the environmental conditions are favorable for bacterial development.

 With this new process, whatever the conditions, the Thermophilic phase is reached in just a few days with more than 60t centigrade in the medium being treated.

 This same process can be further improved by using atmospheric electrical energy which is captured with an antenna of the MELSENS type. This antenna is electrically connected to one or more electrodes of the same polarity.

 This new process can also be used for the decomposition of household waste, which is more quickly treated and biologically sanitized by the production of oxygen.

 It is the same for the production of methane starting from the bacterial fermentation of animal litter and finally this new process also generally promotes all fermentations of bacterial origin.

 As concluded, this new process implements the potential difference produced by any two metal electrodes E, electro-positive and electro-negative 3 which are implanted in the organic substrate to be treated.

 The distance between these opposing electrodes can be from a few centimeters to a few meters, as required, without being critical.

 These electrodes by their potential differences produce permanently 0.5 v. at 1.5 v., measurable across the electrodes, depending on the type of electrodes and the composition of the organic medium.

 This is sufficient to ensure weak but sufficient electrolysis of the organic medium at the level of bacteria.

 It is known that the phenomenon of electrolysis produces oxygen and nascent hydrogen.

 This production of gas in this new process, although relatively low, can suffice to aerate the treated organic matter and cause this bacterial flora to grow under spectacular conditions.

The addition of an antenna of the MELSENS C type with multiple points 3 placed above the organic matter and electrically connected to one or more electrodes of the same polarity
Significantly promotes the previous phenomenon.

 It is imperative that this antenna is well clear and sufficiently high, in order to capture the maximum of atmospheric static electricity.

 This new process of acceleration of the bacterial flora in a decomposing organic medium allows its rational and operational implementation in record time.

 The use for heating is strongly recommended. The treatment of household waste in view of the production of healthy fertilizer is greatly facilitated.

 The use on an individual and industrial level is possible with significant savings in heating and simple implementation.

 The production of organic compost from Biomass is possible at low cost, because the energy used in this new process is free.

Claims (1)

  1.  The present invention relates to a new process characterized by
     The activation and proliferation of bacteria in an organic composting medium, by implantation of metal electrodes of any shape, which are respectively electro-positive and electro-negative.
     These electrodes produce a source of electric current, which ensures the electrolysis of the medium, which immediately supplies oxygen and hydrogen. The Thermophilic phase is reached in just a few days.
     The use for heating purposes is greatly facilitated as well as the production of natural organic compost.
     All Fermentations of bacterial origin are very markedly improved.
FR8121536A 1981-11-16 1981-11-16 Bacterial activation process in organic material Expired FR2516503B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8121536A FR2516503B1 (en) 1981-11-16 1981-11-16 Bacterial activation process in organic material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8121536A FR2516503B1 (en) 1981-11-16 1981-11-16 Bacterial activation process in organic material

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
FR2516503A1 true FR2516503A1 (en) 1983-05-20
FR2516503B1 FR2516503B1 (en) 1988-03-18

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR8121536A Expired FR2516503B1 (en) 1981-11-16 1981-11-16 Bacterial activation process in organic material

Country Status (1)

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FR (1) FR2516503B1 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR430110A (en) * 1911-05-24 1911-10-09 Alfred Lebbe Improvement in fermentation processes
DE1592800A1 (en) * 1966-07-19 1971-02-18 Voith Muellex Gmbh A method for composting waste materials
US4072494A (en) * 1972-08-25 1978-02-07 Hans Gujer Method and device for the wet composting of organic sludge
GB2018287A (en) * 1978-04-07 1979-10-17 Hoechst Ag Process for the concentration of biomasses

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR430110A (en) * 1911-05-24 1911-10-09 Alfred Lebbe Improvement in fermentation processes
DE1592800A1 (en) * 1966-07-19 1971-02-18 Voith Muellex Gmbh A method for composting waste materials
US4072494A (en) * 1972-08-25 1978-02-07 Hans Gujer Method and device for the wet composting of organic sludge
GB2018287A (en) * 1978-04-07 1979-10-17 Hoechst Ag Process for the concentration of biomasses

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2516503B1 (en) 1988-03-18

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