EP3385214A1 - Sideplate for fork carriage - Google Patents

Sideplate for fork carriage Download PDF

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Publication number
EP3385214A1
EP3385214A1 EP17166055.8A EP17166055A EP3385214A1 EP 3385214 A1 EP3385214 A1 EP 3385214A1 EP 17166055 A EP17166055 A EP 17166055A EP 3385214 A1 EP3385214 A1 EP 3385214A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
sideplates
sideplate
carriage
mast
portions
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP17166055.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP3385214B1 (en
Inventor
Mark Stent
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hyster Yale Group Inc
Original Assignee
Hyster Yale Group Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from US15/480,715 external-priority patent/US10308491B2/en
Application filed by Hyster Yale Group Inc filed Critical Hyster Yale Group Inc
Publication of EP3385214A1 publication Critical patent/EP3385214A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP3385214B1 publication Critical patent/EP3385214B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/08Masts; Guides; Chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/12Platforms; Forks; Other load supporting or gripping members

Definitions

  • FIG. 1 A typical forklift carriage sideplate is illustrated in Figure 1 .
  • Sideplate 1 includes rollers 4 that fit within mast channel 5 to enable the forklift carriage to be vertically movable. As shown in Figure 1 , sideplate 1 is a generally vertical element of a fork carriage.
  • the present inventor has recognized that typical sideplates for forklift carriages are formed in a substantially linear manner for (1) ease of manufacturing and (2) load bearing capacity.
  • the present inventor also recognized that sideplates may be shaped differently such that a portion of a sideplate is contained within a mast channel such that the portion is hidden from the view of an operator located at the operator station of the forklift.
  • the present inventor also recognized that such shaped sideplates maintain an acceptable strength of the sideplate and do not substantially increase manufacturing difficulty.
  • such sideplates may be manufactured by casting, forging, additive manufacturing, welding, machining, or other suitable manner.
  • sideplate 30 and sideplate 35 are attached to frame 40 to form a carriage that supports front end equipment for a forklift truck.
  • Frame 40 comprises a top horizontal crossbar 45 and a lower horizontal crossbar 50 that are connected by a left a vertical crossbar 55 a right vertical crossbar 60.
  • Each of the sideplates 30, 35 are secured to the top horizontal crossbar 45 and to the lower horizontal crossbar 50.
  • Each of the sideplates 30, 35 carries a plurality of guides, such as rollers 65, that facilitate moving the frame 40 in a vertical direction with respect to mast rails 70 and 75.
  • Each sideplate 30, 35 comprises a 1 st upper portion 80, 85, respectively, a 2 nd intermediate portion 90, 95, respectively, and a 3 rd lower portion 100, 105, respectively.
  • the rollers 65 are attached to the upper portions 80, 85 and to the lower portions 100, 105 of the sideplates 30 and 35.
  • Each roller 65 fits within a vertical channel 110 of mast rails 70 and 75.
  • the upper portions 80, 85 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the upper portions 80 and 85 are held externally of the mast channels 110.
  • the lower portions 100, 105 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the lower portions 100 and 105 are held externally of the mast channels 110.
  • the intermediate portions 90 and 95 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the intermediate portions 90 and 95 are also within the mast channels 110.
  • Sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 a distance "d" between an interior surface 115 of upper portion 80 and an interior surface 120 of upper portion 85 is less than a distance "D” between an interior surface 125 of intermediate portion 90 and an interior surface 130 of intermediate portion 95.
  • a distance “dd” between interior surfaces of lower portions 100, 105 may be greater than distance "d", equal to distance "d", or less than distance "d”.
  • an exterior surface 135 of intermediate portion 90 does not contact the back wall 140 of mast rails 70 and an exterior surface 145 of intermediate portion 95 does not contact the back wall 150 of mast rails 75 when the rollers 65 are within mast channels 110.
  • a wear plate, rubbing strep, dry lubricant, or wet lubricant to be included if there is contact between exterior surface 135 and back wall 140, or between exterior surface 145 and back wall 150.
  • a width "w" of the intermediate portions 90 and 95 is less than a width "W" of the mast channels 110.
  • the interior surface 125 of intermediate portion 90 and the interior surface 130 of intermediate portion 95 are contained within each of the mast channels 110 such that when the rollers 65 are contained within the mast channels 110 the operator of a fork lift truck cannot see the interior surfaces 125 and 130 because they are blocked from view by the rear wall 155 of the mast channel 70 and by the rear wall 160 of the mast channel 75.
  • all or substantially all of the intermediate portions 90 and 95 are hidden from the view of an operator when an operator is located in the operator compartment of a fork lift truck.
  • the upper portions 80 and 85 and the lower portions 100 and 105 may have a width that is equal to, less than, or greater than the width "w".
  • the intermediate portion 90 is considered to be within mast channel 110 when no part of intermediate portion 90 breaks a plane 72 formed by an inner edge 165 of the front wall 170 and an inner edge 175 of the rear wall 155 of mast channel 70.
  • transition portions 92 of the intermediate portion 90 that connect the intermediate portion 90 to the upper portion 80 and the lower portion 100 of the sideplate 30 will break the plane 72.
  • the intermediate portion 95 is considered to be within mast channel 110 when no part of intermediate portion 95 breaks a plane 77 formed by an inner edge 185 of the front wall 190 and an inner edge 195 of the rear wall 160 of mast channel 75.
  • transition portions 97 of the intermediate portion 95 that connect the intermediate portion 95 to the upper portion 85 and the lower portion 105 of the sideplate 35 will break the plane 77.
  • portions of, or all of, the interior surfaces 125 and 130 may break the plane 72 and 77, respectively, preferably whilst maintaining "D" as a larger distance than "d".

Abstract

A carriage for a forklift truck comprises a frame (40); a first sideplate (30) secured to the frame (40), the first sideplate (30) comprising an upper portion (80), an intermediate portion (90), and a lower portion (100) with a guide attached to the upper portion (80) and a guide attached to the lower portion (100); a second sideplate (35) secured to the frame (40), the second sideplate (35) comprising an upper portion (85), an intermediate portion (95), and a lower portion (105) with a guide attached to the upper portion (85) and a guide attached to the lower portion (105); wherein the first and second sideplates (30) are constructed and shaped such that when the first and second sideplates (30, 35) are secured to the frame (40) a distance "D" between the intermediate portions (90, 95) of the first and second sideplates (30, 35) is greater than a distance "d" between the upper portions (80, 85) of the first and second sideplates (30, 35).

Description

    Technical Field Fork carriages for forklift trucks. Background
  • A typical forklift carriage sideplate is illustrated in Figure 1. Sideplate 1 includes rollers 4 that fit within mast channel 5 to enable the forklift carriage to be vertically movable. As shown in Figure 1, sideplate 1 is a generally vertical element of a fork carriage.
  • Summary
  • The present inventor has recognized that typical sideplates for forklift carriages are formed in a substantially linear manner for (1) ease of manufacturing and (2) load bearing capacity. The present inventor also recognized that sideplates may be shaped differently such that a portion of a sideplate is contained within a mast channel such that the portion is hidden from the view of an operator located at the operator station of the forklift. The present inventor also recognized that such shaped sideplates maintain an acceptable strength of the sideplate and do not substantially increase manufacturing difficulty. For example, such sideplates may be manufactured by casting, forging, additive manufacturing, welding, machining, or other suitable manner.
  • Brief Description of the Drawings
    • Figure 1 illustrates a prior art sideplate for a forklift carriage.
    • Figure 2 illustrates an orthogonal, rear view of a forklift carriage with sideplates.
    • Figure 3 illustrates a rear view of the carriage with sideplates of Figure 2.
    Detailed Description
  • With reference to Figure 1, sideplate 30 and sideplate 35 are attached to frame 40 to form a carriage that supports front end equipment for a forklift truck. Frame 40 comprises a top horizontal crossbar 45 and a lower horizontal crossbar 50 that are connected by a left a vertical crossbar 55 a right vertical crossbar 60. Each of the sideplates 30, 35 are secured to the top horizontal crossbar 45 and to the lower horizontal crossbar 50.
  • Each of the sideplates 30, 35 carries a plurality of guides, such as rollers 65, that facilitate moving the frame 40 in a vertical direction with respect to mast rails 70 and 75. Each sideplate 30, 35 comprises a 1st upper portion 80, 85, respectively, a 2nd intermediate portion 90, 95, respectively, and a 3rd lower portion 100, 105, respectively. The rollers 65 are attached to the upper portions 80, 85 and to the lower portions 100, 105 of the sideplates 30 and 35.
  • Each roller 65 fits within a vertical channel 110 of mast rails 70 and 75. The upper portions 80, 85 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the upper portions 80 and 85 are held externally of the mast channels 110. Likewise, the lower portions 100, 105 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the lower portions 100 and 105 are held externally of the mast channels 110. However, the intermediate portions 90 and 95 of the sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 the intermediate portions 90 and 95 are also within the mast channels 110.
  • Sideplates 30 and 35 are shaped and constructed such that when the rollers 65 are within the mast channels 110 a distance "d" between an interior surface 115 of upper portion 80 and an interior surface 120 of upper portion 85 is less than a distance "D" between an interior surface 125 of intermediate portion 90 and an interior surface 130 of intermediate portion 95. Optionally, a distance "dd" between interior surfaces of lower portions 100, 105 may be greater than distance "d", equal to distance "d", or less than distance "d". Optionally, an exterior surface 135 of intermediate portion 90 does not contact the back wall 140 of mast rails 70 and an exterior surface 145 of intermediate portion 95 does not contact the back wall 150 of mast rails 75 when the rollers 65 are within mast channels 110. Optionally, a wear plate, rubbing strep, dry lubricant, or wet lubricant to be included if there is contact between exterior surface 135 and back wall 140, or between exterior surface 145 and back wall 150.
  • A width "w" of the intermediate portions 90 and 95 is less than a width "W" of the mast channels 110. Optionally, the interior surface 125 of intermediate portion 90 and the interior surface 130 of intermediate portion 95 are contained within each of the mast channels 110 such that when the rollers 65 are contained within the mast channels 110 the operator of a fork lift truck cannot see the interior surfaces 125 and 130 because they are blocked from view by the rear wall 155 of the mast channel 70 and by the rear wall 160 of the mast channel 75. Thus, all or substantially all of the intermediate portions 90 and 95 are hidden from the view of an operator when an operator is located in the operator compartment of a fork lift truck.
  • Optionally, the upper portions 80 and 85 and the lower portions 100 and 105 may have a width that is equal to, less than, or greater than the width "w".
  • Optionally, the intermediate portion 90 is considered to be within mast channel 110 when no part of intermediate portion 90 breaks a plane 72 formed by an inner edge 165 of the front wall 170 and an inner edge 175 of the rear wall 155 of mast channel 70. However, transition portions 92 of the intermediate portion 90 that connect the intermediate portion 90 to the upper portion 80 and the lower portion 100 of the sideplate 30 will break the plane 72. Likewise, and optionally, the intermediate portion 95 is considered to be within mast channel 110 when no part of intermediate portion 95 breaks a plane 77 formed by an inner edge 185 of the front wall 190 and an inner edge 195 of the rear wall 160 of mast channel 75. Likewise, transition portions 97 of the intermediate portion 95 that connect the intermediate portion 95 to the upper portion 85 and the lower portion 105 of the sideplate 35 will break the plane 77. In other embodiments, portions of, or all of, the interior surfaces 125 and 130 may break the plane 72 and 77, respectively, preferably whilst maintaining "D" as a larger distance than "d".
  • The foregoing is a detailed description of illustrative embodiments of the invention using specific terms and expressions. Various modifications and additions can be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof. Therefore, the invention is not limited by the above terms and expressions, and the invention is not limited to the exact construction and operation shown and described. On the contrary, many variations and embodiments are possible and fall within the scope of the invention which is defined only by the claims that follow.

Claims (6)

  1. A carriage for a forklift truck comprising:
    a frame;
    a first sideplate secured to the frame, the first sideplate comprising an upper portion, an intermediate portion, and a lower portion with a guide attached to the upper portion and a guide attached to the lower portion;
    a second sideplate secured to the frame, the second sideplate comprising an upper portion, an intermediate portion, and a lower portion with a guide attached to the upper portion and a guide attached to the lower portion;
    wherein the first and second sideplates are constructed and shaped such that when the first and second sideplates are secured to the frame a distance "D" between the intermediate portions of the first and second sideplates is greater than a distance "d" between the upper portions of the first and second sideplates.
  2. A carriage for a forklift truck according to claim 1, wherein:
    the first and second sideplates are constructed and shaped such that when the guides attached to the upper portions and lower portions of the first and second sideplates are within vertical channels of a mast the intermediate portions of the first and second sideplates are within the vertical channels of the mast.
  3. A carriage for a forklift truck according to claim 2, wherein the guides comprise rollers.
  4. A carriage for a forklift truck according to claim 1, wherein:
    a width "w" of the intermediate portion of the first sideplate is less than a width "W" of a channel of a mast that is configured to bear the carriage; and
    a width "w" of the intermediate portion of the second sideplate is less than a width "W" of a channel of the mast that is configured to bear the carriage.
  5. A carriage for a forklift truck according to claim 1, wherein:
    the first and second sideplates are constructed and shaped such that when the first and second sideplates are secured to the frame the distance "D" between the intermediate portions of the first and second sideplates is greater than a distance "dd" between the lower portions of the first and second sideplates.
  6. A carriage for a forklift truck according to claim 5, wherein:
    the distance "d" and the distance "dd" are equal.
EP17166055.8A 2017-04-06 2017-04-11 Forklift truck with a carriage Active EP3385214B1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/480,715 US10308491B2 (en) 2016-11-18 2017-04-06 Sideplate for fork carriage

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP3385214A1 true EP3385214A1 (en) 2018-10-10
EP3385214B1 EP3385214B1 (en) 2020-10-28

Family

ID=58536899

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP17166055.8A Active EP3385214B1 (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-11 Forklift truck with a carriage

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP3385214B1 (en)
CN (1) CN108689343B (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5145034A (en) * 1988-12-08 1992-09-08 Hyster Company Lift truck fork carriage
DE10018990A1 (en) * 2000-04-17 2001-10-18 Linde Ag Lifting mounting as fork carrier for industrial truck is one-piece cast part, and flange for retention of mounting on lifting device is formed from two spaced apart vertical legs each with bearing journal to accommodate guide roller

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201012900Y (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-01-30 江苏天奇物流系统工程股份有限公司 Following fork lifter
JP4933942B2 (en) * 2007-04-10 2012-05-16 花岡産業株式会社 Post pallet
AU2008227052A1 (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-04-08 Visy R & D Pty Ltd Multifunction tool for depalletising

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5145034A (en) * 1988-12-08 1992-09-08 Hyster Company Lift truck fork carriage
DE10018990A1 (en) * 2000-04-17 2001-10-18 Linde Ag Lifting mounting as fork carrier for industrial truck is one-piece cast part, and flange for retention of mounting on lifting device is formed from two spaced apart vertical legs each with bearing journal to accommodate guide roller

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN108689343A (en) 2018-10-23
CN108689343B (en) 2020-08-18
EP3385214B1 (en) 2020-10-28

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