EP2885576A1 - Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire - Google Patents

Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire

Info

Publication number
EP2885576A1
EP2885576A1 EP13795891.4A EP13795891A EP2885576A1 EP 2885576 A1 EP2885576 A1 EP 2885576A1 EP 13795891 A EP13795891 A EP 13795891A EP 2885576 A1 EP2885576 A1 EP 2885576A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
diffusion
flags
pair
luminaire
light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP13795891.4A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Pavel Jurik
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robe Lighting Inc
Original Assignee
Robe Lighting Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201261691233P priority Critical
Application filed by Robe Lighting Inc filed Critical Robe Lighting Inc
Priority to PCT/US2013/055793 priority patent/WO2014031644A1/en
Publication of EP2885576A1 publication Critical patent/EP2885576A1/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S10/00Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect
    • F21S10/007Lighting devices or systems producing a varying lighting effect using rotating transparent or colored disks, e.g. gobo wheels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V11/00Screens not covered by groups F21V1/00, F21V3/00, F21V7/00 or F21V9/00
    • F21V11/16Screens not covered by groups F21V1/00, F21V3/00, F21V7/00 or F21V9/00 using sheets without apertures, e.g. fixed
    • F21V11/18Screens not covered by groups F21V1/00, F21V3/00, F21V7/00 or F21V9/00 using sheets without apertures, e.g. fixed movable, e.g. flaps, slides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V14/00Controlling the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of elements
    • F21V14/08Controlling the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of elements by movement of the screens or filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V14/00Controlling the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of elements
    • F21V14/06Controlling the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of elements by movement of refractors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/40Lighting for industrial, commercial, recreational or military use
    • F21W2131/406Lighting for industrial, commercial, recreational or military use for theatres, stages or film studios

Abstract

Described are an improved automated luminaire (12) and luminaire systems (10) employing an improved image diffusion system 27. The image diffusion system (27) is improved by providing a plurality of sets of optical diffusion elements (30, 32, 34, 36) that may be operated either concurrently or consecutively and that can be translated along the optical axis (81) of the luminaire (12) so as to provide an improved range and control of the applied diffusion.

Description

IMPROVED DIFFUSION SYSTEM FOR AN AUTOMATED
LUMINAIRE
RELATED APPLICATION
This application is a utility application claiming priority of United States provisional application with the same title Serial No. 61/691,233 filed on 20 Aug 2012.
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
[0001] The present invention generally relates to an automated luminaire, specifically to an optical system for use within an automated luminaire.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0002] Luminaires with automated and remotely controllable functionality are well known in the entertainment and architectural lighting markets. Such products are commonly used in theatres, television studios, concerts, theme parks, night clubs and other venues. A typical product will commonly provide control over the pan and tilt functions of the luminaire allowing the operator to control the direction the luminaire is pointing and thus the position of the light beam on the stage or in the studio. Typically this position control is done via control of the luminaire 's position in two orthogonal rotational axes usually referred to as pan and tilt. Many products provide control over other parameters such as the intensity, color, focus, beam size, beam shape and beam pattern. The beam pattern is often provided by a stencil or slide called a gobo which may be a steel, aluminum or etched glass pattern. The products manufactured by Robe Show Lighting such as the ColorSpot 700E are typical of the art.
[0003] The optical systems of such automated luminaires may include a variable diffusion or frost system. Such systems allow the user to soften or diffuse the image for artistic effect. These systems typically comprise pieces of frosted or diffusing optical material which may be moved across the light beam using a motor system. As the diffusing material is moved across the beam it will progressively diffuse or soften the image. Control of the position of the diffusing material allows the user to achieve the desired amount of diffusion or softening. Such a system may be limited in both its range and finesse of control as a single strength of diffusing optical material is used.
[0004] Figure 1 illustrates a multiparameter automated luminaire system 10. These systems commonly include a plurality of multiparameter automated luminaires 12 which typically each contain on-board a light source (not shown), light modulation devices, electric motors coupled to mechanical drives systems and control electronics (not shown). In addition to being connected to mains power either directly or through a power distribution system (not shown), each luminaire is connected is series or in parallel to data link 14 to one or more control desks 15. The luminaire system 10 is typically controlled by an operator through the control desk 15.
[0005] Figure 2 illustrates a prior art automated luminaire 12. A lamp 21 contains a light source 22 which emits light. The light is reflected and controlled by reflector 20 through optical devices 26 which may include dichroic color filters, effects glass and other optical devices well known in the art and then through an aperture or imaging gate 24. Optical components 27 may include variable diffusion, gobos, rotating gobos, iris and framing shutters. The final output beam may be transmitted through output lens system 31. Lens system 31 may be a glass lens or lens system providing beam angle control or zoom as well as focus adjustment.
[0006] There is a need for an improved variable image diffusion system for an automated luminaire which provides improved range and finer control of the applied diffusion.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0007] For a more complete understanding of the present invention and the advantages thereof, reference is now made to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like reference numerals indicate like features and wherein:
[0008] FIGURE 1 illustrates a typical automated lighting system;
[0009] FIGURE 2 illustrates a prior art automated luminaire and;
[0010] FIGURE 3 illustrates the layout of a luminaire embodiment with an improved diffusion system;
[0011] FIGURE 4 illustrates components of a luminaire utilizing an embodiment of the improved diffusion system and;
[0012] FIGURE 5 illustrates a the luminaire embodiment of Figure 4 with the
improved diffusion system repositioned relative to other components in the luminaire;
[0013] FIGURE 6 illustrates components of the improved diffusion system.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
[0014] Preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated in the
FIGURES, like numerals being used to refer to like and corresponding parts of the various drawings.
[0015] The present invention generally relates to an automated luminaire, specifically to the configuration of a variable image diffusion system within such a luminaire such that said image diffusion system provides a wide range and fine control of the applied image diffusion.
[0016] Figure 3 illustrates a schematic layout of an embodiment of the invention in luminaire 80 generating a light beam with a beam axis 81. A lamp 71 contains a light source 72 which emits light. The light may be reflected and controlled by reflector 70 through optical devices 76 which may include dichroic color filters, effects glass and other optical devices well known in the art and then through an aperture or imaging gate 74. Optical components 75 may include colored filters, gobos, rotating gobos, iris and framing shutters. The light beam may then pass through variable diffusion system 27 which is capable of being moved backwards and forwards 78 along the optical axis of the luminaire 81 via motor driven mechanism 29. The final output beam may be transmitted through output lens system 31. Lens system 31 may be a glass lens or lens system providing beam angle control or zoom as well as focus adjustment. Output lens system 31 may be capable of being moved backwards and forwards 65 along the optical axis of the luminaire 81 via motor driven mechanism 63. Light source 72 may be a discharge lamp, arc lamp, incandescent lamp, plasma lamp, LED lamp or any other light source as well known in the art. [0017] Figures 4 and 5 illustrate select components of a luminaire embodiment of an improved diffusion system. Light source 52 emits light which is directed along a beam axis 81 through optical devices 56 and 57 which may include dimmers, dichroic color filters, color wheels, effects glass and other optical devices well known in the art. The light beam may then pass through variable diffusion system 27 comprising first optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 and second optical diffusion flags 34 and 36. The resultant output beam may be transmitted through output lens system 61. Lens system 61 may be a glass lens or lens system providing beam angle control or zoom as well as focus adjustment. In this embodiment of the invention, variable diffusion system 27 is able to move back and forth, as shown by arrow 28, along the optical axis of the luminaire. Figure 4 shows variable diffusion system 27 moved back, closer to the source 52 and optical devices 56 and 57, while Figure 5 shows variable diffusion system 27 moved forwards, further away from the light source 52 and optical devices 56 and 57. By thus moving variable diffusion system 27 it is possible to vary the intensity and spread of the diffusion effect created by first optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 and second optical diffusion flags 34 and 36. Output lens system 61 may also be moved 65 along the optical axis 81 of the luminaire, and the combinations of positions of output lens system 61 and variable diffusion system 27 may provide the user with full control of the beam size, focus, and diffusion.
[0018] First optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 and second optical diffusion flags 34 and 36 may be constructed of glass, plastic, quartz, or other transparent, partially transparent, or translucent material as known in the art. The diffusion on the flags may be provided through coating the flags, sand blasting or abrading the flags, engraving the flags, etching the flags, frosting the flags, providing micro-lens structures on the surface of the flags, molding patterns in the flags, embedding diffusing materials within the flags, or any other means for providing diffusion or frosting as well known in the art. First optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 may be of differing construction and diffusing power than second optical diffusion flags 34 and 36.
[0019] Figure 6 illustrates an embodiment of the invention. Variable diffusion system 27 comprises two pairs of optical diffusion flags. First optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 may be opened and closed over aperture 38 through gears 46 and motor 42. As first motor 42 rotates, gears 46 are caused to rotate in contrary directions thus moving attached diffusion flags 30 and 32 in contrary directions. Second optical diffusion fiags 34 and 36 may be opened and closed over aperture 38 through gears 44 and motor 40. As second motor 40 rotates, gears 44 are caused to rotate in contrary directions thus moving attached diffusion flags 34 and 36 in contrary directions.
[0020] First optical diffusion flags 30 and 32 may have the same diffusion density or may differ in their diffusion density from second optical diffusion flags 34 and 36. Light passing through aperture 38 will pass through both first diffusion flags 30 and 32 and second diffusion flags 34 and 36 and the resultant image will be affected by the combination of the first and second diffusion flags.
[0021] Motor control system (not shown) may control first motor 42 and second motor 40 independently. In one embodiment the control of first motor 42 and second motor 40 is synchronized such that a single control input from the user may control both motors. As the user requests increasing diffusion the motor control system will operate first motor 42 thus closing first diffusion flags 30 and 32. Once first diffusion flags 30 and 32 are partially or substantially closed then the motor control system may operate second motor 40 thus additionally closing second diffusion flags 34 and 36. The resultant projected image will be diffused by the combination of both first and second diffusion flags. By using the combination of first and second diffusion flags the disclosed system provides improved range and resolution of applied diffusion.
[0022] In a further embodiment first diffusion flags may have a first diffusion density and second diffusion flags may have a second diffusion density that is greater than the first diffusion density. When both first diffusion flags and second diffusion flags are moved across the light beam then a combined diffusion density is provided that is greater than both the first and second diffusion densities.
[0023] In a yet further embodiment the motor control system may move first and second diffusion flags concurrently.
[0024] Motors 40 and 42 may be small low powered motors of type selected from but not limited to stepper motors, servo motors, linear actuators or low powered DC motors.
[0025] The illustrated exemplary embodiment utilizes two sets of diffusion flags, however the invention is not so limited and in further embodiments any number, two or greater, of sets of diffusion flags may be used.
[0026] In Figure 3, the diffusion flag assembly 27 is mounted on a carrier 28 which employs a linear drive 29 to move the diffusion assembly 27 along direction 78 along the optical axis 81. Similarly the output lens assembly 31 is mounted on/in a separate carrier 62 which employs a linear drive 63 to move the lens assembly 31 along direction 65 along the optical axis 81.
[0027] In some embodiments the movement of carrier 28 and carrier 62 are automatically coordinated such that a change of diffusion can be synchronized with a change in focus or zoom of the luminaire. In further embodiments the movement of diffusion carrier 28 is automatically coordinated with the operation/movement of the diffusion flag pairs 34 and/or 36. Such coordination allows for an improved range of diffusion strength. As the diffusion flag pairs close, the carrier 28 may be moved so as to also affect the diffusion strength. In other embodiments the movement of output lens carrier 62 is automatically coordinated with the operation/movement of the diffusion flag pairs 34 and/or 36. In further embodiments the user is allowed to override the automated coordination of movements of the carriers 28, 62 and/or flag pairs 34 and 36.
[0028] While the disclosure has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, those skilled in the art, having benefit of this disclosure, will appreciate that other embodiments may be devised which do not depart from the scope of the disclosure as disclosed herein. The disclosure has been described in detail, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations can be made hereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure.

Claims

New claims around:
1 . A luminaire comprising: a light source for generating a light beam with a light beam axis; a first overlapping pair of light diffusion flags of a first diffusion density/power driven in opposing rotational directions by a first motor; a second overlapping pair of light diffusion flags of a second diffusion density/power driven in opposing directions by a second motor; carrier to which the first and second sent of overlapping pair of light diffusion flags are mounted where the carrier is articulated to move along the light beam axis.
2. The luminaire of claim 1 where the movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a consecutive manner.
3. The luminaire of claim 1 where the movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a concurrent manner.
4. A luminaire comprising: a light source for generating a light beam with a light beam axis; a first overlapping pair of light diffusion flags driven in opposing rotational directions by a first motor; a second overlapping pair of light diffusion flags driven in opposing directions by a second motor; carrier to which the first and second sent of overlapping pair of light diffusion flags are mounted where the carrier is articulated to move along the light beam axis.
5. The luminaire of claim 4 where the movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a consecutive manner whereby the first pair of diffusion flags are deployed before deploying the second pair of diffusion flags.
6. The luminaire of claim 5 where the first pair of diffusion flags have a low diffusion density/power relative to the diffusion density/power of the second pair of diffusion flags.
7. The luminaire of claim 5 where the first pair of diffusion flags have a higher diffusion density/power relative to the diffusion density/power of the second pair of diffusion flags.
8. The luminaire of claim 5 where the movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a consecutive manner whereby the second pair of diffusion flags are retracted before retracting the first pair of diffusion flags.
9. A luminaire comprising: a light source for generating a light beam with a light beam axis; a first overlapping pair of light diffusion flags of a first diffusion density/power driven in opposing rotational directions by a first motor; a second overlapping pair of light diffusion flags of a second diffusion density/power driven in opposing directions by a second motor; a controller which automatically coordinates the movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags to create a single range of diffusion.
10. The luminaire of claim 9 where the automatically coordinated movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a concurrent manner.
1 1 . The luminaire of claim 9 where the automatically coordinated movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a consecutive manner whereby the first pair of diffusion flags are deployed before deploying the second pair of diffusion flags.
12. The luminaire of claim 1 1 where the first pair of diffusion flags have a low diffusion density/power relative to the diffusion density/power of the second pair of diffusion flags.
13. The luminaire of claim 1 1 where the first pair of diffusion flags have a higher diffusion density/power relative to the diffusion density/power of the second pair of diffusion flags.
14. The luminaire of claim 1 1 where the automatically coordinated movement of the first and second pair of diffusion flags are coordinated in a consecutive manner whereby the second pair of diffusion flags are retracted before retracting the first pair of diffusion flags.
EP13795891.4A 2012-08-20 2013-08-20 Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire Ceased EP2885576A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201261691233P true 2012-08-20 2012-08-20
PCT/US2013/055793 WO2014031644A1 (en) 2012-08-20 2013-08-20 Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2885576A1 true EP2885576A1 (en) 2015-06-24

Family

ID=49667548

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP13795891.4A Ceased EP2885576A1 (en) 2012-08-20 2013-08-20 Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2885576A1 (en)
CN (1) CN104395669A (en)
WO (1) WO2014031644A1 (en)

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CN104266109B (en) * 2014-09-16 2017-03-01 广州市浩洋电子有限公司 There is the stage lighting optical system of sheen and beam effect
CN104482505B (en) * 2014-12-18 2018-07-17 广州市浩洋电子股份有限公司 A kind of light modulating device
US10077885B2 (en) * 2015-06-15 2018-09-18 Martin Professional Aps Iris diaphragm system
IT201700120670A1 (en) * 2017-10-24 2019-04-24 Clay Paky Spa HEADLAMP, PREFERABLY FROM STAGE
IT201700120651A1 (en) * 2017-10-24 2019-04-24 Clay Paky Spa Source unit for a projector and projector, preferably for stage, comprising said source unit

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GB9515328D0 (en) * 1995-07-26 1995-09-20 Willson Peter D W Apparatus for modifying light quality:-diaphagm,colour changer and dimmer
AU1049702A (en) * 2000-09-08 2002-03-22 Martin Professional As Dimming apparatus
WO2009114632A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Robe Lighting Inc An optical system for a wash light
IT1395602B1 (en) * 2009-09-10 2012-10-16 Clay Paky Spa Stage projector
EP2475928A2 (en) * 2009-09-11 2012-07-18 Robe Lighting Inc. Improved diffusion system for an automated luminaire

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2014031644A1 (en) 2014-02-27
CN104395669A (en) 2015-03-04

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