EP2390968A1 - Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases - Google Patents

Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2390968A1
EP2390968A1 EP10425175A EP10425175A EP2390968A1 EP 2390968 A1 EP2390968 A1 EP 2390968A1 EP 10425175 A EP10425175 A EP 10425175A EP 10425175 A EP10425175 A EP 10425175A EP 2390968 A1 EP2390968 A1 EP 2390968A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
contacts
electrical
male
female
electrical contacts
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP10425175A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Alessandro Danelli
Paolo Rusconi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Faster SRL
Original Assignee
Faster SRL
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Faster SRL filed Critical Faster SRL
Priority to EP10425175A priority Critical patent/EP2390968A1/en
Publication of EP2390968A1 publication Critical patent/EP2390968A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/44Means for preventing access to live contacts
    • H01R13/447Shutter or cover plate
    • H01R13/453Shutter or cover plate opened by engagement of counterpart
    • H01R13/4538Covers sliding or withdrawing in the direction of engagement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/52Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases
    • H01R13/5213Covers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/703Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch operated by engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. dual-continuity coupling part
    • H01R13/7036Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch operated by engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. dual-continuity coupling part the switch being in series with coupling part, e.g. dead coupling, explosion proof coupling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/52Dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof, or flameproof cases
    • H01R13/521Sealing between contact members and housing, e.g. sealing insert

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to an electrical connector adapted to simultaneously and guidedly connect a plurality of electrical lines. It is also an object of the present patent a method to safely and simultaneously connect a plurality of energized electrical lines.
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention is typically used in the industrial field, but this type of connector is increasingly also used in other sectors.
  • a sector in which multiple electrical connections are used is e.g. that of ground moving machines and in this as in other sectors, in addition to quickly connecting a plurality of electrical lines, the need is also strongly felt to be able to arrange connection systems able to resist dirt such as dust or grease and moisture, caused e.g. by the presence of mud or water in the area of use or due to atmospheric events.
  • connectors In order to protect the electrical connection from ambient conditions, from the water or moisture and from dirt in general, connectors are known in the market which provide for the use of a cap closing the connection, e.g. the female connection which is generally the one connected to the machine, while the male connection is the one generally connected to the utility.
  • the solutions of known type do not guarantee the desired safety levels as the elements - in particular the female element in general which is connected to the machine - are energized.
  • the fact that the female element is energized constitutes a potential danger in the case in which the seal provided by the cap is not entirely effective. In fact, in this case water or moisture may penetrate from the closure and come into contact with the contacts on the female connector and close the contacts themselves by short circuiting, with consequent damage to the system.
  • connection devices known from the state of the art are not easy to clean as they get dirty due to the effect of the poor ambient conditions in which they are used.
  • the particular object of the present invention is to provide an electrical connector adapted to connect a plurality of electrical lines which is also able to effectively resist when used in conditions of moisture or of water and dirt when the female part and the male part are connected to each other in the operating phase, and also the ability for the female part alone disconnected from the male part, to resist in adverse ambient conditions.
  • the connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines is of the type comprising a female part and a male part, a plurality of first electrical contacts being provided on each of said parts, one for each line, adapted to be connected electrically to make the male-female connection, and is characterized in that at least one of said parts comprises at least one element, moveable according to the longitudinal direction of said connector, supporting said plurality of first electrical contacts of said part and also supporting a plurality of second electrical contacts connected electrically to said first electrical contacts, said moveable element being moveable between a first resting position in which the male and female parts are disconnected, at least a second intermediate position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part and of the female part are connected to each other while said second electrical contacts of said moveable element do not make the electrical connection with the electrical lines, and a third final connected position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part and of the female part are connected to each other and said second electrical contacts of said moveable element make the electrical connection with the electrical lines on the part comprising the move
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention is also characterized in that said moveable element is comprised in the female part.
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of seals adapted to effectively insulate the inside of the connector against liquids, moisture, dust and dirt in general.
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention consists of a female part 1 and of a male part 2 .
  • the female part 1 comprises a main body 3 in which a group of joint components is contained comprising an insulating body 4 inside of which a plurality of third female contacts 5 and third male contacts 6 are placed, connected to each other and made of conductor material.
  • the main body 3 is in turn connected to a cable gland 7 , a seal 8 being advantageously inter-placed between the two elements which allows hermetically sealing the body 3 against liquids and/or dirt in general.
  • the cable gland 7 while firmly holding it, receives an electrical cable (indicated with 9 ) which brings the electrical lines 9a , 9b and 9c and which is connected to said third male contacts 6 .
  • the cable 9 is subjected to electric voltage, it is propagated to the third male 6 and female 5 contacts.
  • a sealing ring 10 to prevent the entry of fluids and dirt in general is also conveniently provided between the cable 9 and the cable gland 7 .
  • the female part 1 also comprises a containment element 12 , preferably plate conformed, to which said main body 3 with all the elements and the contacts therein contained is fastened by means of connection means such as e.g. the screws 11 .
  • the main body 3 will have a collar 3a adapted to converge against a surface of said plate and adapted to allow the insertion of said fastening means.
  • the plate 12 is provided with a housing of convenient dimensions in which the main body 3 is inserted until the collar 3a converges against the external surface of the plate itself. Therefore, in the assembled configuration shown in the accompanying figures, the main body 3 is partially inserted in said plate 12 .
  • at least one seal 13 whose purpose is to hermetically seal the inside of the female part of the connector against liquids and/or dirt in general, is inserted between the main body 3 and the plate 12.
  • the female part 1 also comprises a first slider 31 , inserted in said plate and slidingly associated with the portion of said main body 3 inserted in said plate.
  • Said first slider 31 is associated externally with said main body 3 and supports a plurality of pins or first male contacts 29 protruding from said slider 31 towards the front portion of the female part 1, and a plurality of second male contacts 30 , connected to said pins 29 , and turned towards the inside of said connector, towards the main body 3 , and positioned so that said second male contacts 30 may co-penetrate the third female contacts 5 of said female part 1 when the first slider 31 moves longitudinally with respect to the main body 3 in the direction away from the front portion of the female part.
  • a second elastic element also consisting in this case in the example shown in the figures of a second helicoid spring 34 then acts between said first slider 31 and a second external slider 24 , having action opposite to the preceding, i.e. resisting the separation of the slider 31 from the main body 3 .
  • the two elastic means 33 and 34 are conveniently sized so as to bring and keep said first slider 31 in the position in figure 1 , i.e. in the position in which said second male contacts 30 are not inserted in said third female contacts 5 , when the female part 1 is not connected to a male part 2 and the moveable element consisting of said first slider 31 and of said second male contacts 30 and said pins or first male contacts 29 is in neutral position.
  • the moveable element (generically indicated with the reference number 40 ) of the female part 1 of the connector also comprises said second external slider 24 to close the coupling zone of the male part 2 located in the front part of said plate 12 opposite to the part from which the main body 3 protrudes, also similarly conformed to said first slider 31 and having a collar adapted to contact said second spring 34 when the connector is in the configuration in figure 1 , and said first slider 31 when the connector is in the configuration in figure 3 .
  • Said second external slider 24 is associated with an internal spacer 25 and with an anti-extrusion disc 26, a seal 27 being conveniently provided between said internal spacer and said anti-extrusion disc, while a further seal 28 is advantageously provided at each of said third male contacts 29 in order to prevent liquids, dust and/or dirt in general from penetrating from the front surface 37 of the female part 1 .
  • the seals 28 seal the pins or third male contacts 29 belonging to said moveable element 40 .
  • the seal 32 seals the external slider 24 in uncoupled conditions, said seal, together with the seal of the O-rings 28 on the pins, make the front part of the uncoupled female pin impermeable.
  • the moveable element 40 when the female part 1 of the connection is uncoupled, the moveable element 40 is in the position in which the front surface 24a giving outwards onto said second external slider 24 is aligned with said front surface 37 of the female part, so as to form a continuous and flat surface therewith closed to the entry of dirt, moisture or water.
  • the male part 2 of the connector comprises a main body 14 which contains a plurality of joint components.
  • the main body 14 internally comprises an insulating body 15 in which a variable number of first female contacts 16 and first male contacts 17 are provided, connected to each other and made of conductor material.
  • the first female contacts 16 give outwards onto the front surface 38 of said male part 2
  • the first male contacts 17 give inwards onto said insulating body 15 and are in turn connected to the electrical lines 20a , 20b and 20c brought by the cable 20 .
  • the portion of said main body 14 which terminates with said front surface 38 protrudes from a plate 23 , provided with a convenient housing inside of which said main body 14 is inserted and to which it is connected by means of convenient connection means, e.g. consisting of screws 22 .
  • a suitable number of male electrical contacts 17 each for every electrical line, will be provided depending on the electrical lines brought by the cable 20 .
  • the male part 2 of the connection is generally connected to a utility, thus the cable 20 and the first contacts 16 and 17 are not subject to electric voltage but they receive voltage from the contacts on the female part 1 , when the two parts are connected.
  • a plurality of seals is also provided on the male part 2 , in particular a seal 21 is provided between the cable gland 18 and the cable 20 , to insulate the electrical contacts of the male part of the connector against liquids, dust and dirt in general.
  • a seal 19 is conveniently provided at the joint of said cable gland 18 and said main body 14 , as shown in the accompanying figures.
  • Figure 2 shows the beginning of the coupling phase between the female part 1 and the male part 2 of the connector under examination.
  • the two flat front surfaces, 37 for the female part and 38 for the male part, respectively are juxtaposed one facing the other.
  • the front surface 38 of the male part comes into contact with the front surface 37 of the female part 1 , in particular the external front part 24a of said external slider 24 which is part of the moveable element 40 .
  • the moveable element 40 moves back pushed by the main body 14 of the male part 2 .
  • the external slider 24 moves back pushed by the front surface 38 of the male part, at this point the first male contacts 29 of the female part are inserted in the first female contacts 16 of the male part thus forming an electrical connection as shown in figure 3 .
  • said second male contacts 30 have not yet established an electrical contact with said third female contacts 5 of said female connection 1 , therefore (we are in the configuration of figure 3 ) the electrical connection established by means of the first male contacts 29 of the female part 1 with the first female contacts 16 of the male part 2 is not subject to voltage even when the lines 9a , 9b , 9c connected to the female part 1 , by means of the cable 9 , are energized.
  • the moveable element 40 in the female part with the double electrical contacts 29 and 30 which allow separating the coupling procedure of the male part with the female part into two phases, allows making the electrical connection in a first phase between the male part and the female part without the contacts of the female part being energized even when the lines of the female part are energized.
  • the pins or third male contacts 29 are not energized in the intermediate connection phase due to the moveable element 40. (We are in the configuration of figures 1 to 3 .)
  • the connection is therefore safe for the operator even when there is voltage in the electrical lines of the female part 1 brought by the cable 9. The operator may safely come into contact with the pins 29 in complete safety, and the lack of voltage also makes the connection completely safe should it occur under adverse ambient conditions or in the presence of water or moisture.
  • a further seal 32 is provided between the containment plate 12 and the second external slider 24, so that it then exerts a seal on the main body 14 of the male part 2 when this is inserted in the female part by pushing the second external slider 24 and forcing it to move axially.
  • Figures 5 and 6 show an intermediate uncoupling phase of the connection according to the present invention and the result of a final uncoupling phase, respectively, showing how the moveable element 40 of the female part 1 returns to the neutral position in figure 1 .
  • the moveable element 40 is moveable between a first resting position shown in figures 1 and 6 which corresponds to the disconnected configuration of male part 2 and female part 1 , and in which the second male contacts 30 and therefore the pins 29 are not connected to the first female contacts 5 of the main body 3 of the female part, and therefore are not energized, a second intermediate position in which said female contacts 16 of the male part 2 are connected to said third male contacts or pins 29 of said female part 1 but the second male contacts 30 of the moveable element 40 are not connected to the said first female contacts 5 joint with said main body 3 , and finally a third final connected position (seen in figure 4 ) in which said moveable element 40 converges against said main body 3 and in which, therefore, said second male contacts 30 of said moveable element are connected, thus making the electrical connection, with said first female contacts 5 of said main body 3 , so that the voltage of the lines of the cable 9 connected to the female part 1 is transmitted to the lines of the cable 20 connected to the male part 2
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention is extremely safe, as the contacts exposed externally and therefore subject to the ambient conditions and exposed to the accidental contact by the operator are not energized unless the connection has completely occurred and therefore in conditions of total safety.
  • the electrical connector according to the present invention is completely insulated with respect to the external ambient, as liquids, moisture, dust and/or dirt in general are totally prevented from penetrating the connector and jeopardizing the correct operation of the electrical contacts. This result is obtained without the need to use caps or closing covers of the contacts which would require the manual intervention by the operator to be removed, thus jeopardizing the simplicity and speed of the connection phase.

Abstract

The present invention relates to a connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c, 20a, 20b, 20c) of the type comprising a female part (1) and a male part (2).
The connector according to the present invention is characterized in that it is possible to separate the connection operation of the two parts into two phases, due to a specific moveable element (40) on which supplementary electrical contacts (30) are inserted, the first phase making the connection of the male with the female without the electrical contacts being energized, and a second phase in which the two parts already connected are in turn connected to the energized lines.

Description

  • The present invention relates to an electrical connector adapted to simultaneously and guidedly connect a plurality of electrical lines. It is also an object of the present patent a method to safely and simultaneously connect a plurality of energized electrical lines.
  • The electrical connector according to the present invention is typically used in the industrial field, but this type of connector is increasingly also used in other sectors.
  • As known, there are in fact several sectors in which a plurality of electrical lines may require quick and safe simultaneous connection, and therefore several technical solutions are known in the market which achieve this object.
  • A sector in which multiple electrical connections are used is e.g. that of ground moving machines and in this as in other sectors, in addition to quickly connecting a plurality of electrical lines, the need is also strongly felt to be able to arrange connection systems able to resist dirt such as dust or grease and moisture, caused e.g. by the presence of mud or water in the area of use or due to atmospheric events.
  • In order to protect the electrical connection from ambient conditions, from the water or moisture and from dirt in general, connectors are known in the market which provide for the use of a cap closing the connection, e.g. the female connection which is generally the one connected to the machine, while the male connection is the one generally connected to the utility.
  • However this known solution has the drawback that the operator should intervene manually to remove this covering to make the connection, and thus it is not optimal as it does not make the connection itself completely automatic.
  • Moreover, the solutions of known type do not guarantee the desired safety levels as the elements - in particular the female element in general which is connected to the machine - are energized. The fact that the female element is energized constitutes a potential danger in the case in which the seal provided by the cap is not entirely effective. In fact, in this case water or moisture may penetrate from the closure and come into contact with the contacts on the female connector and close the contacts themselves by short circuiting, with consequent damage to the system.
  • Again, the multiple connection devices known from the state of the art are not easy to clean as they get dirty due to the effect of the poor ambient conditions in which they are used.
  • It is therefore the primary task of the present invention to provide an electrical connector adapted to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines which allows overcoming the drawbacks afflicting the solutions of known type.
  • Within the scope of this task, the particular object of the present invention is to provide an electrical connector adapted to connect a plurality of electrical lines which is also able to effectively resist when used in conditions of moisture or of water and dirt when the female part and the male part are connected to each other in the operating phase, and also the ability for the female part alone disconnected from the male part, to resist in adverse ambient conditions.
  • Again, it is the object of the present invention to provide an electrical connector having several lines in which the female part is exempt from the risk of short circuiting even when it is energized and is exposed to the action of adverse ambient conditions.
  • This task and these and other objects which shall become more apparent hereinafter are achieved by an electrical connector according to the claims in the accompanying claim 1.
  • The connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines according to the present invention is of the type comprising a female part and a male part, a plurality of first electrical contacts being provided on each of said parts, one for each line, adapted to be connected electrically to make the male-female connection, and is characterized in that at least one of said parts comprises at least one element, moveable according to the longitudinal direction of said connector, supporting said plurality of first electrical contacts of said part and also supporting a plurality of second electrical contacts connected electrically to said first electrical contacts, said moveable element being moveable between a first resting position in which the male and female parts are disconnected, at least a second intermediate position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part and of the female part are connected to each other while said second electrical contacts of said moveable element do not make the electrical connection with the electrical lines, and a third final connected position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part and of the female part are connected to each other and said second electrical contacts of said moveable element make the electrical connection with the electrical lines on the part comprising the moveable element.
  • The electrical connector according to the present invention is also characterized in that said moveable element is comprised in the female part.
  • Again, the electrical connector according to the present invention is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of seals adapted to effectively insulate the inside of the connector against liquids, moisture, dust and dirt in general.
  • Further features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description, provided by way of non-limiting example and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • figure 1 shows, in a sectional view according to a longitudinal plane, the female part and the male part of the connector according to the present invention, in uncoupled phase;
    • figure 2 shows the same view in figure 1 in which the male part begins being inserted in the female part;
    • figure 3 shows the same view in figure 1 in which the insertion of the male part in the female part is in an intermediate phase;
    • figure 4 shows the same view in figure 1 in which the male part is connected to the female part;
    • figures 5 and 6 show a disconnection phase, and in figure 6, the two male and female elements separated again at the end of the disconnection phase, respectively.
  • According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention illustrated in the cited figures by way of non-limiting example, the electrical connector according to the present invention consists of a female part 1 and of a male part 2. The female part 1 comprises a main body 3 in which a group of joint components is contained comprising an insulating body 4 inside of which a plurality of third female contacts 5 and third male contacts 6 are placed, connected to each other and made of conductor material.
  • The main body 3 is in turn connected to a cable gland 7, a seal 8 being advantageously inter-placed between the two elements which allows hermetically sealing the body 3 against liquids and/or dirt in general. The cable gland 7, while firmly holding it, receives an electrical cable (indicated with 9) which brings the electrical lines 9a, 9b and 9c and which is connected to said third male contacts 6. When the cable 9 is subjected to electric voltage, it is propagated to the third male 6 and female 5 contacts.
  • A sealing ring 10 to prevent the entry of fluids and dirt in general is also conveniently provided between the cable 9 and the cable gland 7.
  • The female part 1 also comprises a containment element 12, preferably plate conformed, to which said main body 3 with all the elements and the contacts therein contained is fastened by means of connection means such as e.g. the screws 11. For this purpose, the main body 3 will have a collar 3a adapted to converge against a surface of said plate and adapted to allow the insertion of said fastening means. The plate 12 is provided with a housing of convenient dimensions in which the main body 3 is inserted until the collar 3a converges against the external surface of the plate itself. Therefore, in the assembled configuration shown in the accompanying figures, the main body 3 is partially inserted in said plate 12. In this case too, at least one seal 13, whose purpose is to hermetically seal the inside of the female part of the connector against liquids and/or dirt in general, is inserted between the main body 3 and the plate 12.
  • The female part 1 also comprises a first slider 31, inserted in said plate and slidingly associated with the portion of said main body 3 inserted in said plate. Said first slider 31 is associated externally with said main body 3 and supports a plurality of pins or first male contacts 29 protruding from said slider 31 towards the front portion of the female part 1, and a plurality of second male contacts 30, connected to said pins 29, and turned towards the inside of said connector, towards the main body 3, and positioned so that said second male contacts 30 may co-penetrate the third female contacts 5 of said female part 1 when the first slider 31 moves longitudinally with respect to the main body 3 in the direction away from the front portion of the female part.
  • Advantageously said first slider 31 has a mainly longitudinal development and is hollow, the inner cavity being indicated with the reference number 31a, and is coaxial to said main body 3 so that said external slider is guided in its longitudinal run and in its positioning by the inner surface of said plate and by the external surface of the portion of main body 3 inserted in said plate, so that said slider 31 slides externally with respect to said main body 3. An elastic element, preferably a first helicoid spring 33 adapted to resist the co-penetration of said main body 3 in the inner cavity 31a and therefore the nearing of the two elements, main body and slider, is conveniently provided between said first slider 31 and said main body 3.
  • A second elastic element, also consisting in this case in the example shown in the figures of a second helicoid spring 34 then acts between said first slider 31 and a second external slider 24, having action opposite to the preceding, i.e. resisting the separation of the slider 31 from the main body 3. The two elastic means 33 and 34 are conveniently sized so as to bring and keep said first slider 31 in the position in figure 1, i.e. in the position in which said second male contacts 30 are not inserted in said third female contacts 5, when the female part 1 is not connected to a male part 2 and the moveable element consisting of said first slider 31 and of said second male contacts 30 and said pins or first male contacts 29 is in neutral position.
  • The moveable element (generically indicated with the reference number 40) of the female part 1 of the connector also comprises said second external slider 24 to close the coupling zone of the male part 2 located in the front part of said plate 12 opposite to the part from which the main body 3 protrudes, also similarly conformed to said first slider 31 and having a collar adapted to contact said second spring 34 when the connector is in the configuration in figure 1, and said first slider 31 when the connector is in the configuration in figure 3.
  • Said second external slider 24 is associated with an internal spacer 25 and with an anti-extrusion disc 26, a seal 27 being conveniently provided between said internal spacer and said anti-extrusion disc, while a further seal 28 is advantageously provided at each of said third male contacts 29 in order to prevent liquids, dust and/or dirt in general from penetrating from the front surface 37 of the female part 1. The seals 28 seal the pins or third male contacts 29 belonging to said moveable element 40. The seal 32 seals the external slider 24 in uncoupled conditions, said seal, together with the seal of the O-rings 28 on the pins, make the front part of the uncoupled female pin impermeable.
  • With particular reference to figure 1, when the female part 1 of the connection is uncoupled, the moveable element 40 is in the position in which the front surface 24a giving outwards onto said second external slider 24 is aligned with said front surface 37 of the female part, so as to form a continuous and flat surface therewith closed to the entry of dirt, moisture or water.
  • Moving now on to the description of the male part 2 of the connector according to the present invention, it comprises a main body 14 which contains a plurality of joint components. The main body 14 internally comprises an insulating body 15 in which a variable number of first female contacts 16 and first male contacts 17 are provided, connected to each other and made of conductor material. The first female contacts 16 give outwards onto the front surface 38 of said male part 2, while the first male contacts 17 give inwards onto said insulating body 15 and are in turn connected to the electrical lines 20a, 20b and 20c brought by the cable 20. The portion of said main body 14 which terminates with said front surface 38 protrudes from a plate 23, provided with a convenient housing inside of which said main body 14 is inserted and to which it is connected by means of convenient connection means, e.g. consisting of screws 22.
  • A cable gland 18 in which said electrical cable 20 is firmly inserted, which as said is connected to the male contacts 17, is inserted in the main body 14. A suitable number of male electrical contacts 17, each for every electrical line, will be provided depending on the electrical lines brought by the cable 20.
  • As said, the male part 2 of the connection is generally connected to a utility, thus the cable 20 and the first contacts 16 and 17 are not subject to electric voltage but they receive voltage from the contacts on the female part 1, when the two parts are connected.
  • A plurality of seals is also provided on the male part 2, in particular a seal 21 is provided between the cable gland 18 and the cable 20, to insulate the electrical contacts of the male part of the connector against liquids, dust and dirt in general. Similarly, a seal 19 is conveniently provided at the joint of said cable gland 18 and said main body 14, as shown in the accompanying figures.
  • The operation of the connector object of the present invention will now hereinafter be disclosed with reference to the coupling and uncoupling phases shown in the accompanying figures, from 1 to 6.
  • Figure 2 shows the beginning of the coupling phase between the female part 1 and the male part 2 of the connector under examination. When the male part 2 is neared to the female part, the two flat front surfaces, 37 for the female part and 38 for the male part, respectively, are juxtaposed one facing the other. The front surface 38 of the male part comes into contact with the front surface 37 of the female part 1, in particular the external front part 24a of said external slider 24 which is part of the moveable element 40. Thus the moveable element 40 moves back pushed by the main body 14 of the male part 2. In particular the external slider 24 moves back pushed by the front surface 38 of the male part, at this point the first male contacts 29 of the female part are inserted in the first female contacts 16 of the male part thus forming an electrical connection as shown in figure 3.
  • However, up to this point, said second male contacts 30 have not yet established an electrical contact with said third female contacts 5 of said female connection 1, therefore (we are in the configuration of figure 3) the electrical connection established by means of the first male contacts 29 of the female part 1 with the first female contacts 16 of the male part 2 is not subject to voltage even when the lines 9a, 9b, 9c connected to the female part 1, by means of the cable 9, are energized.
  • Therefore, the moveable element 40 in the female part, with the double electrical contacts 29 and 30 which allow separating the coupling procedure of the male part with the female part into two phases, allows making the electrical connection in a first phase between the male part and the female part without the contacts of the female part being energized even when the lines of the female part are energized.
  • Only in a second phase, seen in the successive figure 4, is the first slider 31 of the moveable element supporting the electrical contacts 29 and 30, pushed by the male part 2 until it comes into contact with the main body 3 thus making the electrical connection of said second male contacts 30 with said first female contacts 5. Only at this point the connection is subjected to electrical voltage of the lines, as the first female contacts 5, through the first male contacts 6, are directly connected to the electrical lines brought by the cable 9.
  • Therefore the pins or third male contacts 29 are not energized in the intermediate connection phase due to the moveable element 40. (We are in the configuration of figures 1 to 3.) The connection is therefore safe for the operator even when there is voltage in the electrical lines of the female part 1 brought by the cable 9. The operator may safely come into contact with the pins 29 in complete safety, and the lack of voltage also makes the connection completely safe should it occur under adverse ambient conditions or in the presence of water or moisture. In order to ensure that liquids, moisture, dust and dirt in general still do not penetrate inside the connector, a further seal 32 is provided between the containment plate 12 and the second external slider 24, so that it then exerts a seal on the main body 14 of the male part 2 when this is inserted in the female part by pushing the second external slider 24 and forcing it to move axially.
  • Figures 5 and 6 show an intermediate uncoupling phase of the connection according to the present invention and the result of a final uncoupling phase, respectively, showing how the moveable element 40 of the female part 1 returns to the neutral position in figure 1.
  • Hence, due to the elastic means 33 and 34, the moveable element 40 is moveable between a first resting position shown in figures 1 and 6 which corresponds to the disconnected configuration of male part 2 and female part 1, and in which the second male contacts 30 and therefore the pins 29 are not connected to the first female contacts 5 of the main body 3 of the female part, and therefore are not energized, a second intermediate position in which said female contacts 16 of the male part 2 are connected to said third male contacts or pins 29 of said female part 1 but the second male contacts 30 of the moveable element 40 are not connected to the said first female contacts 5 joint with said main body 3, and finally a third final connected position (seen in figure 4) in which said moveable element 40 converges against said main body 3 and in which, therefore, said second male contacts 30 of said moveable element are connected, thus making the electrical connection, with said first female contacts 5 of said main body 3, so that the voltage of the lines of the cable 9 connected to the female part 1 is transmitted to the lines of the cable 20 connected to the male part 2.
  • It has thus been shown how the electrical connector to simultaneously connect one or more electrical lines according to the present invention achieves the object and the purposes proposed.
  • In particular, it has been shown how the electrical connector according to the present invention is extremely safe, as the contacts exposed externally and therefore subject to the ambient conditions and exposed to the accidental contact by the operator are not energized unless the connection has completely occurred and therefore in conditions of total safety.
  • Moreover, it has been shown how the electrical connector according to the present invention is completely insulated with respect to the external ambient, as liquids, moisture, dust and/or dirt in general are totally prevented from penetrating the connector and jeopardizing the correct operation of the electrical contacts. This result is obtained without the need to use caps or closing covers of the contacts which would require the manual intervention by the operator to be removed, thus jeopardizing the simplicity and speed of the connection phase.
  • Several modifications may be made by the person skilled in the art without departing from the scope of protection of the present invention.
  • Hence, the scope of protection of the claims should not be limited by the disclosures or preferred embodiments shown in the description by way of example, but rather the claims should comprise all features of patentable novelty inferable from the present invention, including all features which would be treated as equivalent by the field technician.

Claims (12)

  1. A connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c, 20a, 20b, 20c) of the type comprising a female part (1) and a male part (2), a plurality of first electrical contacts (16, 29) being provided on each of said parts, one for each line, adapted to be connected electrically to make the male-female connection, characterized in that at least one of said parts (1, 2) comprises at least one element (40), moveable according to the longitudinal direction of said connector, supporting said plurality of first electrical contacts (29) of said part and also supporting a plurality of second electrical contacts (30) connected electrically to said first electrical contacts (29), said moveable element (40) being moveable between a first resting position in which the male (2) and female (1) parts are disconnected, at least a second intermediate position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part (16) and of the female part (29) are connected to each other while said second electrical contacts (30) of said moveable element (40) do not make the electrical connection with the electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c), and a third final connected position in which said first electrical contacts of the male part (16) and of the female part (29) are connected to each other and said second electrical contacts (30) of said moveable element (40) make the electrical connection with the electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c) of the part comprising the moveable element.
  2. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said moveable element (40) is comprised in the female part (1).
  3. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said female part comprises a main body (3) at least partially inserted in a containment element (12).
  4. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said moveable element (40) comprises at least a first slider (31), associated externally with said main body (1) and restrained from longitudinally moving along said portion of main body (3) inserted in said containment element (12).
  5. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said first slider (31) supports said first electrical contacts (29) and said second electrical contacts (30) connected electrically to each other.
  6. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said first electrical contacts (29) protrude externally from said slider (31) in the direction opposite to said main body (3) towards the front surface (37) of said containment element (12) of the female part (1), and said plurality of second male contacts (30), in turn connected electrically to said first electrical contacts (29), are turned inwards towards said main body (3).
  7. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said moveable element (40) also comprises a second external slider (24), also moveable in longitudinal direction with respect to said main body (3) and with respect to said first slider (31), a helicoid spring (34) acting between said first slider (31) and said second slider (24) by resisting the reciprocal nearing of the two elements, said second slider (24) also being sliding with respect to said first electrical contacts (29).
  8. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said main body (3) also comprises an insulating body (4) inside of which is a plurality of third female contacts (5) and third male contacts (6) connected electrically to each other.
  9. A connector according to the preceding claim, characterized in that said third male contacts (6) are in turn connected to said electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c), each contact being connected to a line.
  10. A connector according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that when said moveable element (40) is in the resting position, the external front surface (24a) of said moveable element (40) achieves a flat and continuous surface with the front surface (37) of the female part.
  11. A method to connect a plurality of electrical lines (9a, 9b, 9c, 20a, 20b, 20c) by means of a connector comprising a female part (1) and a male part (2), characterized in that it comprises a first phase in which the electrical connection is made of the contacts (29) of the female part with the contacts (16) of the male part without said electrical contacts being connected to the energized lines, and a second phase in which the two parts (1, 2) already connected to each other are in turn connected electrically to the energized lines.
  12. A method according to the preceding claim characterized in that said energized lines are lines (9a, 9b, 9c) connected to said female part (1) of said connector.
EP10425175A 2010-05-25 2010-05-25 Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases Withdrawn EP2390968A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP10425175A EP2390968A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2010-05-25 Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP10425175A EP2390968A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2010-05-25 Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2390968A1 true EP2390968A1 (en) 2011-11-30

Family

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EP10425175A Withdrawn EP2390968A1 (en) 2010-05-25 2010-05-25 Connector to simultaneously connect a plurality of electrical lines adapted to make the connection in two separate phases

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2390968A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014120447A (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-30 Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd Connector holding device
EP3158611A4 (en) * 2014-06-20 2018-01-03 Hypertronics Corporation Connectors

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE801998C (en) * 1948-12-25 1951-02-01 Calor Emag Elek Zitaets Akt Ge Firedamp and explosion-proof coupling connector
US4109989A (en) * 1975-06-10 1978-08-29 Amp Incorporated Environmentally sealed electrical connector
WO2000046884A1 (en) * 1999-02-05 2000-08-10 Rota Engineering Limited Isolating connector
FR2873237A1 (en) * 2004-07-16 2006-01-20 Souriau Soc Par Actions Simpli Connector assembly for e.g. electronics component, has connection units with permanent protective coverings, and free end of contacts one unit opening in cavity, where each covering has conducting inserts with inner sides opening in cavity

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE801998C (en) * 1948-12-25 1951-02-01 Calor Emag Elek Zitaets Akt Ge Firedamp and explosion-proof coupling connector
US4109989A (en) * 1975-06-10 1978-08-29 Amp Incorporated Environmentally sealed electrical connector
WO2000046884A1 (en) * 1999-02-05 2000-08-10 Rota Engineering Limited Isolating connector
FR2873237A1 (en) * 2004-07-16 2006-01-20 Souriau Soc Par Actions Simpli Connector assembly for e.g. electronics component, has connection units with permanent protective coverings, and free end of contacts one unit opening in cavity, where each covering has conducting inserts with inner sides opening in cavity

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014120447A (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-30 Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd Connector holding device
EP3158611A4 (en) * 2014-06-20 2018-01-03 Hypertronics Corporation Connectors

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