EP1627459B1 - Brushless motor - Google Patents

Brushless motor Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1627459B1
EP1627459B1 EP04734733.1A EP04734733A EP1627459B1 EP 1627459 B1 EP1627459 B1 EP 1627459B1 EP 04734733 A EP04734733 A EP 04734733A EP 1627459 B1 EP1627459 B1 EP 1627459B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
heat
radiating
switching
iron cores
clip
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP04734733.1A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1627459A1 (en
Inventor
Tsutomu MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS LTD Natsuhara
Hidenori MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS LTD Shimizu
Mitsumasa MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS LTD Mizuno
Hiroki MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS LTD Inoue
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2003149797A priority Critical patent/JP4374909B2/en
Application filed by Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd filed Critical Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority to PCT/JP2004/007443 priority patent/WO2004107536A1/en
Publication of EP1627459A1 publication Critical patent/EP1627459A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1627459B1 publication Critical patent/EP1627459B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K5/00Casings; Enclosures; Supports
    • H02K5/04Casings or enclosures characterised by the shape, form or construction thereof
    • H02K5/15Mounting arrangements for bearing-shields or end plates
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K11/00Structural association of dynamo-electric machines with electric components or with devices for shielding, monitoring or protection
    • H02K11/30Structural association with control circuits or drive circuits
    • H02K11/33Drive circuits, e.g. power electronics
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K5/00Casings; Enclosures; Supports
    • H02K5/04Casings or enclosures characterised by the shape, form or construction thereof
    • H02K5/16Means for supporting bearings, e.g. insulating supports or means for fitting bearings in the bearing-shields
    • H02K5/161Means for supporting bearings, e.g. insulating supports or means for fitting bearings in the bearing-shields radially supporting the rotary shaft at both ends of the rotor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K5/00Casings; Enclosures; Supports
    • H02K5/04Casings or enclosures characterised by the shape, form or construction thereof
    • H02K5/22Auxiliary parts of casings not covered by groups H02K5/06-H02K5/20, e.g. shaped to form connection boxes or terminal boxes
    • H02K5/225Terminal boxes or connection arrangements

Description

  • The invention relates to a brushless motor, or in particular to a structure of a brushless motor for transferring heat generated in switching elements thereof according to claim 1.
  • A brushless motor needs switching elements for turning on or off electric power to be supplied to coils of the stator. Because the switching elements generate heat much, it is necessary to let the heat out.
  • In an example of a structure of a brushless motor for transferring the heat generated in the switching elements, a base of a circuit board provided in the brushless motor is made of a metal, and the base is fixed to stator iron cores (for example, Japanese Patent laid open Publication 4-161037/1992 ). The heat generated in the switching elements is conducted to the base of the circuit board and further to the stator iron cores. The stator iron cores have a function similar to radiation fins, and the heat is radiated effectively through the stator iron cores.
  • However, because the heat generated in the base conducts through the metallic base of the circuit board, the temperature of the circuit board becomes higher.
  • Therefore, it is a problem that components other than the switching elements mounted on the circuit board are affected by the heat.
  • WO 00/01054 A discloses a motor endshield assembly for an electronically commutated motor. A thermal pad provides thermal contact between the transistors and the endshield to enable the endshield to dissipate heat from the transistors. The endshield is the only element dissipating heat, since there is provided a thermal insulator between the transistors and the motor block.
  • US-A- 4 634 908 discloses an external rotor motor with screw on motor flange. At least one metal heat conducting element is provided which, on one end, directly contacts or engages the stator laminations for conducting heat from the limitations and, on the other end, contacts the motor flange for the removal of the heat to the motor flange.
  • US-A-4 156 821 discloses a capacitor run motor having protrusions to compensate for the void of the magnetic material so as not cause a magnetic saturation in the vicinity of the bolt apertures due to the decrease of the magnetic material. The bolt apertures receive the bolts for fastening bracket members to the stator.
  • DE 101 13 559 A discloses a speed regulator for an electric motor, particularly for a fan associated with a heat-exchanger such as a radiator of the liquid cooling system of a motor vehicles internal combustion engine. In the bottom wall of the casing, there is provided a spring which contacts the cooling bodies of transistors in order to allow a heat transfer from the transistors to the bottom wall.
  • US-A- 4 952 828 discloses a brushless generator. A small heat dissipating fan is positioned between the rear cover and the rotor and is mounted on the rotor for rotation therewith.
  • The object of the invention is to provide a brushless motor which can effectively transfer the heat generated by the switching elements in the brushless motor. This object is solved by the features of claim 1.
  • A brushless motor according to the invention has a stator, a rotor and a circuit board for controlling rotation of the rotor and a biasing member or clip. The stator has stator iron cores and coils wound around the cores. A plurality of switching elements for turning on and off electric power to be supplied to the coils for the stator is mounted to the circuit board.
  • Further it has a heat-radiating member made of metal with high thermal conductivity which is fixed to the stator iron cores by screws and supports one of the rotor bearings. The biasing member or clip has a center and a plurality of fingers extending therefrom, wherein the plurality of switching elements are contacted to the heat-radiating member with the fingers of the biasing member or clip which presses said switching elements simultaneously against the heat-radiating member. Thus the heat generated in the switching elements is radiated effectively. Thus the heat generated in the switching elements is conducted effectively to the switching elements and further to the heat-radiating member, so that the temperature rise is suppressed. Further, only one biasing elements pushes the switching elements, increase in the number of the components in the motor is kept minimum.
  • Further said biasing member or clip has a M-character-like shape when observed in a section, made of metal having good elasticity and heat radiation, has a plurality of extending pressing fingers, each of which abuts on the switching elements, the center of the biasing member or clip is contacted and fixed with screws to the heat radiating member. By using the screws, the heat conduction is improved. Then the heat generated in the switching elements is diverged effectively to the heat- radiating member and further to the stator iron cores, which have a function of heat-radiating fins for effective heat radiation. Because the heat is radiated by the heat- radiating member other than the circuit board, components other than the switching elements on the circuit board are not affected by the heat.
  • The brushless motor further has a cooling fan for cooling the switching elements and the coils, and the cooling fan is fixed to a shaft of the rotor.
  • When the rotor is rotated, the cooling fan sends air towards the switching elements and the coils for cooling, and this suppresses the temperature rise in the motor. Thus, the brushless motor can be made more compact and have a lighter weight.
  • Preferably, in the brushless motor, two bearings supports a shaft of the rotor rotatably at two ends of the shaft, and one of the bearings is supported by the heat-radiating member. Because one of the bearings for supporting the shaft is supported by the heat-radiating member, the length of the shaft of the rotor can be shortened, and the brushless motor can be made compact and have a light weight.
  • Preferably, in the brushless motor, each of the iron cores of the stator has a bump protruding from an outside plane thereof, and the bump has a hole for screwing the iron cores to the heat-radiating member. The portion is also used for aligning the stators to a motor case of the motor.
    • Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a brushless motor according to an embodiment of the invention.
    • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the brushless motor shown in Fig. 1.
    • Fig. 3 is another perspective view of the brushless motor along a direction different from that in Fig. 2.
    • Fig. 4 is a sectional view of a brushless motor according to another embodiment of the invention.
    • Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the brushless motor shown in Fig. 4.
  • A brushless motor according to the invention are explained below with reference to the appended drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views.
  • Figs. 1 to 3 show a brushless motor of a first embodiment of the invention. As shown in Fig. 1, the brushless motor of an inner rotor type has a rotor 7 in a stator 6. The rotor 7 is fixed to a shaft 8 supported by two bearings 9 and 10. The stator 6 has a cylindrical insulator 14 made of a material such as resin, six iron cores 1 press fit therein, and six coils 2 wound around the iron cores 1. The iron cores 1 of the stator 6 are composed of layered electromagnetic steel plates.
  • A circuit board 4 for driving the rotor 7 is arranged near a side of the stator 6, and switching elements 3 such as field effect transistors are mounted on the circuit board 4 for turning on or off electric power to be supplied to the coils 2. A heat-radiating member 5 made of a metal such as aluminum having high thermal conductivity is connected to the iron cores 1, and it is also fixed with screws 15 to the circuit board 4. A lead 16 is provided for supplying electric power to the switching elements 3 and the circuit board 4. The coils 2 of the stator 6 are connected electrically to the circuit board 4. The heat- radiating member 5 is connected to a side of the stator iron cores 1, and the switching elements 3 are contacted to the heat-radiating member 5.
  • An iron core 17 of the rotor 7 is arranged inside the stator 6 with a gap between them, and magnets 18 are fixed to the iron core 17 with an adhesive or the like. The shaft 8 of the rotor 7 is inserted at the center of the rotor iron core 17 as an integral body. The bearings 9,10 such as ball bearings support the shaft 8 at two ends thereof, and a pinion 19 is mounted to an end of the shaft 8. The stator 6 and the rotor 7 constructed as mentioned above are enclosed in a motor case (not shown) of the motor, and the bearings 9 and 10 are supported by the motor case.
  • In the above-mentioned motor, an electric current flows in the order of the lead 16, the circuit board 4, the switching elements 3, the circuit board 4 and the coils 2, to rotate the shaft 8 of the rotor 7. The heat generated in the switching elements 3 is radiated effectively both from the heat-radiating member 5 and from the stator iron cores 1. The stator iron cores 1 play a role of heat- radiating ribs for effective heat radiation, and the heat- radiating member 5 conducts heat therethrough and radiates heat from the surface thereof. Because the heat can be radiated by the heat-radiating member 5 other than the circuit board 4, it is prevented that components other than the switching elements 3 mounted on the circuit board 4 are affected by the heat.
  • A cooling fan 11 is fixed onto the pinion 19 connected the shaft 8 of the rotor 7 at a side opposite to the heat- radiating member 5. When the shaft 8 is driven, the cooling fan 11 is also rotated with the shaft 8 to blow air, so that ambient air is taken into for cooling from the side of the heat-radiating member 5 and is exhausted through the switching elements 3 and the coils 2 towards the outside.
  • Therefore, by driving the cooling fan 11, air taken into the motor cools the switching elements 3 and the coils 2 successively. Thus the motor can be made more compact with a lighter weight, and it can be prevented to deteriorate the characteristics thereof.
  • Bumps 20 swelled towards the outside are provided on an external plane of each of the stator iron cores 1. They have throughholes, and screws 12 are inserted therein to engage the top thereof to the heat-radiating member 5.
  • Thus, the stator iron cores 1 are connected thermally to the heat-radiating member 5. The bumps 20 of the iron cores 1 can also be used for alignment with the motor case.
  • Because the iron cores 1 are fixed with the screws 12 to the heat-radiating member 5, the heat conduction through the heat-radiating member 5 is enhanced.
  • A clip 13 is provided at the outside of the switching elements 3 for biasing the switching elements 3 to contact with the heat-radiating member 5. The clip 13 is made of a metal such as stainless steel or copper having good elasticity and good heat radiation. Because the switching elements 3 are pressed by the clip 13 to the heat-radiating member 5, the temperature rise of the switching elements 3 can be suppressed. Because the clip 13 is made of a metal, the heat radiation is improved. The clip 13 has a plurality of pressing fingers 13a, each of which abuts on the switching elements 3 so that the only clip 13 presses the switching elements 3 simultaneously. Because one clip 13 is used for pressing the plurality of switching elements 3, increase in the number of the components mounted on the circuit board 4 can also be kept small. The clip 13 has an M-character-like shape when observed in a section, and the center of the clip 13 is contacted and fixed with screws 21 to the heat-radiating member 5. Then the displacement of the clip 13 can be increased. By screwing the center of the clip 13 with the M-character-like section to the heat- radiating member 5 with the screws 21, the pressure applied to the switching elements 3 is increased so as to improve the heat conduction between them, and the heat can be radiated more effectively.
  • Figs. 4 and 5 show a brushless motor according to another embodiment of the invention. Only different points from the brushless motor shown in Figs. 1 to 3 are explained here. In this motor, the heat-radiating member 5 has a concave 22 for fitting and supporting the bearing 9 for the shaft 8. The other bearing 10 is supported by the motor case (not shown) of the motor. Because one of the bearings 9 is supported by the heat-radiating member 5, the length of the shaft 8 can be shortened. Thus the motor can be made more compact with a lighter weight.
  • In the above-mentioned brushless motors according to the invention, the heat generated by the switching elements is conducted to the heat-radiating member and from the heat-radiating member to the stator iron cores effectively.
  • The stator iron cores have a function as heat-radiating fins for effective heat radiation. Further, because the heat is radiated by the heat-radiating member other than the circuit board, it is prevented that components on the circuit board other than the switching elements are affected by the heat.

Claims (4)

  1. A brushless motor having a stator (6), a rotor (7), a heat-radiating member (5), a circuit board (4) for controlling rotation of said rotor (7), and a biasing member or clip (13), wherein the stator (6) has iron cores (1) and coils (2) wound around the iron cores (1), a plurality of switching elements (3) mounted to said circuit board (4) for turning on and off electric power to be supplied to the coils (2) of said stator (6),
    characterized in that
    the heat-radiating member (5) made of metal with high thermal conductivity is fixed to said stator iron cores (1) by screws (12) and supports one of the rotor bearings (9),
    the biasing member or clip (13) has a center and a plurality of fingers (13a) extending therefrom,
    the plurality of switching elements (3) are contacted to said heat-radiating member (5) with the fingers (13a) of the biasing member or clip (13) which presses said switching elements (3) simultaneously against the heat-radiating member (5),wherein said biasing member or clip (13) has a M-character-like shape when observed in a section , made of metal having good elasticity and heat radiation, has a plurality of extending pressing fingers (13a), each of which abuts on the switching elements (3), the center of the biasing member or clip (13) is contacted and fixed with screws (21) to the heat radiating member (5),
    the heat generated in the switching elements (3) is effectively conducted to the heat-radiating member (5) and further to the stator iron cores (1), which have a function of heat-radiating fins for effective heat radiation,
    the heat radiating member (5), the switching elements (3) and motor coils (2) are cooled by ambient air blown by a rotor shaft (8) driven fan (11).
  2. The brushless motor according to claim 1, wherein the biasing member is a clip (13), the M-character-like shape portion of the clip (13) having a plurality of fingers (13a) and simultaneously pressing the switching elements (3) elastically.
  3. The brushless motor according to claim 1 or 2, wherein two bearings (9, 10) supported by a motor case for rotatably supporting a shaft (8) of said rotor (7) are disposed at two ends of the shaft (8) of said rotor (7), and wherein the heat-radiating member (5) has a concave (22) for fitting and supporting the bearing (9) for the shaft (8) and the other bearing (10) being supported by the motor case.
  4. The brushless motor according to one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein each of said iron cores (1) is provided with bumps (20) swelled towards the outside on an external plane of each of said iron cores (1), wherein the bumps (20) have through holes, and screws (12) are inserted in the through holes to engage the top of the stator iron cores (1) to the heat-radiating member (5) and can also be used for alignment with the motor case.
EP04734733.1A 2003-05-27 2004-05-25 Brushless motor Active EP1627459B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003149797A JP4374909B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2003-05-27 Brushless motor
PCT/JP2004/007443 WO2004107536A1 (en) 2003-05-27 2004-05-25 Brushless motor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1627459A1 EP1627459A1 (en) 2006-02-22
EP1627459B1 true EP1627459B1 (en) 2017-10-18

Family

ID=33487159

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP04734733.1A Active EP1627459B1 (en) 2003-05-27 2004-05-25 Brushless motor

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US7462965B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1627459B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4374909B2 (en)
CN (1) CN100488007C (en)
WO (1) WO2004107536A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20060261689A1 (en) 2006-11-23
JP2004357371A (en) 2004-12-16
US7462965B2 (en) 2008-12-09
CN100488007C (en) 2009-05-13
WO2004107536A1 (en) 2004-12-09
EP1627459A1 (en) 2006-02-22
CN1778029A (en) 2006-05-24
JP4374909B2 (en) 2009-12-02

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