EP1441853A2 - Sample well plate - Google Patents

Sample well plate

Info

Publication number
EP1441853A2
EP1441853A2 EP20020735620 EP02735620A EP1441853A2 EP 1441853 A2 EP1441853 A2 EP 1441853A2 EP 20020735620 EP20020735620 EP 20020735620 EP 02735620 A EP02735620 A EP 02735620A EP 1441853 A2 EP1441853 A2 EP 1441853A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sample well
cd
well plate
oo
lo
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20020735620
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
James Courtney
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hybaid Ltd
Original Assignee
Hybaid Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • B01L3/5085Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above for multiple samples, e.g. microtitration plates
    • B01L3/50851Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above for multiple samples, e.g. microtitration plates specially adapted for heating or cooling samples
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L7/00Heating or cooling apparatus; Heat insulating devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L7/00Heating or cooling apparatus; Heat insulating devices
    • B01L7/54Heating or cooling apparatus; Heat insulating devices using spatial temperature gradients
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L9/00Supporting devices; Holding devices
    • B01L9/52Supports for flat sample carrier, e.g. used for plates, slides, chips
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/08Geometry, shape and general structure
    • B01L2300/0809Geometry, shape and general structure rectangular shaped
    • B01L2300/0829Multi-well plates; Microtitration plates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/16Surface properties and coatings
    • B01L2300/168Specific optical properties, e.g. reflective coatings

Abstract

A sample well plate (10), having an array of sample wells (12) formed therein, has its underside surfaces coated with a highly reflective coating (16), including the outer surfaces of the sample wells (12). The coating is preferably formed from metal, for example silver or nickel. The sample well plate (10) is formed of a light transmissive material to ensure the full benefit of the reflectivity of the coating (16). The coating provides substantial increases in reflectivity compared with prior art sample well plates.

Description

SAMPLE WELL PLATE

The present invention relates to a sample well plate or sample well, particularly for use in chemical and biochemical analysis.

It is well known, particularly in the field of analysis, to provide a plate having numerous sample wells for allowing a plurality samples to be treated and analysed simultaneously. In some cases, the analysis of samples within sample wells involves measuring the light properties of the sample. For example, a polymerase chain reaction may be tested by measuring the amount of fluorescence produced by a fluorescent tag applied to the sample on test.

Typically, the sample well plate is made of a plastics material, for the sake of cost and weight. It may, however, be made of any suitable material.

In practice, the sample well plate is placed within the test apparatus which controls the reaction environment to which the samples are subjected. The environment may, for example, be a particular test temperature or cycle of changing temperatures. In order to measure the amount of fluorescence, suitable sensors are provided in the test equipment at locations which align with the tops of the sample wells.

Although existing systems can provide a measure of fluorescence, they are not as efficient or as reliable as is desired. For example, the amount of fluorescence which can be measured is at least in part dependent upon the structure of the sample wells and the manner in which the fluorescent light is transmitted to the top surface of the sample well. For instance, this light can be reflected within the sample well until it reaches the associated sensor at the top of the sample well. However, this reflection is on the whole dependent upon uncertain factors such as the quality fit of the sample well plate within the test apparatus, especially within a temperature regulated block, and of the characteristics and condition of the temperature regulated block. A possible improvement to such an arrangement is to provide a sample well plate made of a metal or metal alloy. The material of the sample well plate can thus provide direct reflection within the sample wells. However, such a sample well plate is not practicable for single-use applications. Moreover, it is difficult in a manufacturing process to control the polishing within the sample wells to an accurate enough degree to produce reliable reflective properties within all the sample wells. Furthermore, this type of plate suffers problems of discoloration by tarnishing, oxidisation and the like, which causes difficulties in maintaining reliable reflectivity in the sample wells. The present invention seeks to provide an improved sample well and sample well plate.

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a sample well or sample well plate formed of a light transmitting material and a coating of highly reflective material on a surface of the sample well or sample well plate for providing reflectivity within the sample wells or sample well plate.

The coating can provide much more reliable reflectivity than can be provided with prior art arrangements. Furthermore, the side of the coating which provides the reflectivity, that is the side bonded to the or each sample well, is protected by the material of the sample well or sample well plate. Therefore, there is at least a substantially reduced risk of discoloration of the operative side of the coating.

Preferably, the coating is heat conductive.

Advantageously, the coating is on an exterior surface of the sample well or wells or sample well plate. In the preferred embodiment, the light transmissive material of the sample well plate is substantially transparent. In another embodiment, the material may be translucent and/or coloured.

The coating may be of any material although in the preferred embodiment it includes silver, advantageously pure silver. An alternative material is nickel or an alloy containing nickel.

Preferably, the translucent material of the sample well or sample well plate is formed of a plastics material. This enables the sample well or sample well plate to be used a single time and then disposed.

The coating can be provided by any suitable technique although in the preferred embodiment this is by vacuum metallisation, typically by electro-plating in a vacuum chamber. Other examples include painting by spraying or coating and so on.

A protective layer may be provided over the surface of coating opposite that in contact with the light transmissive portion.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate as specified herein and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by electrical heating. The heating means may include one or more sets of electrical terminals which can be coupled to the coating, which sets of electrical terminals can be arranged across and/or along the sample well plate.

In the preferred embodiment the test apparatus includes control means operable to control the current supplied to the or each set of electrical terminals to produce different currents in the sample plate so as to produce different heating effects.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate as specified herein and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by inductance.

The heating means may include one or more inductors arranged across and/or along the sample well plate.

In the preferred embodiment the test apparatus includes control means operable to control the inductors to induce different currents in the sample plate so as to produce different heating effects.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate as specified herein and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by heated air. The heating means may include an infrared heating source such as a halogen lamp or a resistive heater.

In the preferred embodiments the test apparatus includes one or more fans operable to blow air from the heating means to the sample well or sample well plate.

An embodiment of the present invention is described below, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of an embodiment of sample well plate;

Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of test apparatus using a resistive heater;

Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of test apparatus using inductive heating;

Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of test apparatus using infrared heating; and Figures 5 to 8 are tables showing the improved signal and uniformity thereof for coated sample plates.

The preferred embodiment is described in the context of a sample well plate. However, it will be appreciated that it could be applied to any similar well structure, such as individual wells and any other reaction vessels which would benefit from this invention.

Referring to Figure 1, the embodiment of sample well plate 10 is typically of rectangular shape and has an array of sample wells 12 formed therein. There may be, for example, an array totalling ninety-six wells 12.

The wells are conical in form, tapering from the top of the sample well plate 10. This form, which is not essential for the purposes of this invention, can maximise the light emitted through the opening of each well.

The sample well plate 10 can be described as being hollow in that the sample wells 12 depend from the top surface of the sample well plate 10 so as to have exterior surfaces for the purposes of temperature control, as described below. Also depending from the top surface of the sample well plate 10 are four side walls

14, provided for the purposes of strength and rigidity of the plate 10 and also for assisting in placing and fixing the sample well plate 10 in test apparatus.

The entirety of the underside surfaces of the sample well plate 10 are coated with a highly reflective coating 16, including the outer surfaces of the sample wells 12. The coating may be of any suitable material but preferably includes silver, most preferably being substantially pure silver. In an alternative embodiment, the coating may include or be nickel. Any other suitable or highly reflective material can be used, although in tests silver produced the best reflectivity.

The coating can be applied by any suitable process but in the preferred embodiment is applied by vacuum metallisation, typically by electro-plating in a vacuum chamber.

A protective layer may be provided over the exposed side of the coating 16 if desired.

The sample well plate 10 is formed of a light transmissive material, preferably being substantially completely transparent. This ensures the full benefit of the reflectivity of the coating 16. Typically, the sample well plate 10 is of a type which is used only once. For this purpose, it is preferably made of a plastics material, although for the purposes of this invention, it could be made of any material. This example of sample well plate 10 may be placed on a temperature regulated block (not shown) which is provided with an array of recesses into which the sample wells 12 fit. The temperature regulated block typically fits within the side walls 14 and there is also provided a mechanism for securing the plate 10 in this position during processing. In use, the temperature regulated block provides a controlled temperature during reaction of the samples within the sample wells. The shape of the wells 12 of this example can also maximise the surface area of the wells in contact with the temperature regulated block to assist in heat conduction to the samples within the sample wells.

Another embodiment of sample well plate consists of a substantially flat plate, that is having a substantially flat bottom surface, and an array of sample wells located therein. The lower surface of the plate is provided with the coating. An example of sample well plate can be found in the applicant's co-pending British patent application number 2,370,112.

Another feature of this reflective layer, particularly when made of metal or a metal alloy, is that it has much improved heat conductive properties. This can be used to create a new type of test apparatus.

One embodiment of such apparatus, shown in Figure 2, provides a support 22 for supporting a sample well plate 10 and a resistive heating arrangement which includes a plurality of sets of electrical terminals 20. Each electrical terminal 20 is electrically coupled to the conductive layer 16 by any suitable means. One example is to have each terminal 20 within a clamping arrangement (which can of course be incorporated into the plate 10 support system).

There may only be provided a single set of electrical terminals 20, through which a current is made to pass. By having a coating 16 with some electrical resistance, any current passing through the coating will produce heat which will heat the sample wells 12. Alternatively, the resistivity of the coating 16 can be varied across the sample well plate 10 to produce different heating effects within the sample wells. This can be achieved by having a coating with different thicknesses and/or of different composition. For example, an area of coating twice the thickness of another area will have half the resistance and therefore will heat to a lesser extent. This arrangement can provide temperature gradients across the sample well plate 10. In addition or in the alternative, there could be provided a plurality of sets of electrical terminals 20. For example, there could be provided along the longitudinal axis of the sample well plate 10 a plurality of sets of electrical terminals each traversing the sample well pate 10. By passing different electrical currents across the various sets of terminals 20 different heating effects can be produced. Another example includes electrical terminals along the transverse axis of the sample well plate and yet another example has sets of electrical terminals both along and across the sample well plate to allow the production of complex temperature gradient patterns.

Temperature gradients by this method can be provided in coatings 16 which are uniform. They can equally be provided with coatings which are not uniform in their characteristics, such as having the characteristics mentioned above. Furthermore, the coating could be broken (discontinuous) to separate each set of electrical terminals and associated coating portion, if it is desired to have completely separate temperature effects produced in different sets of sample wells 12. The test apparatus may also be provided with a cooling mechanism to assist in cooling the sample well plate after heating. The cooling mechanism may include, for example, a fan.

Another embodiment of apparatus, shown in Figure 3, provides a support 30 for supporting a sample well plate 10 and an inductive heat source 32. The heat source 32 may include one or more inductors which produce a current in the coating 16 to produce a heating effect. Preferably, in the case of a plurality of inductors 32, these are arranged either in a linear row along or across the sample well plate or in an array both along and across the sample well plate.

Where a plurality of inductors 32 are provided, these can be operated differently, that is at different currents, to produce different currents in the coating of the sample well plate 10 and hence different heating effects. By this method, temperature gradients can be produced. Such a gradient could be produced using simply relying upon heat conductivity within the coating 16 and could be assisted by suitable modification of the coating. More specifically, in some embodiments the coating of the sample well plate 10 may not be uniform across the plate. For example it may have a different thickness or composition or be discontinuous, to provide different inductive/heat conductive effects. The test apparatus may also be provided with a cooling mechanism to assist in cooling the sample well plate after heating. The cooling mechanism may include, for example, a fan.

In another embodiment of apparatus, shown in Figure 4, there is provided a support 40 for supporting a sample well plate 10 and a heat source 42. The heat source 42 may be of any type which heats the surrounding air and may for example be an infrared heating source such as a halogen lamp, for example a 500w quartz halogen lamp, a resistive heating source of a Peltier effect source which can also provide cooling. In the case of an infrared heating source, this can typically be located between 1 to 5 centimetres from the sample well plate 10.

In the preferred embodiment, there are provided one or more fans 44 which are operated to blow air heated by the heat source 42 towards the sample well plate 10. The fan or fans 44 can control the rate of heating and cooling of the sample well plate 10. It has been found in tests that this structure of sample well plate is substantially more efficient than prior art sample well plates in measuring the light properties of samples in the sample well. For example, in fluorescence measurements, this sample well structure has given an improvement in fluorescent signals over a standard black anodised block of over 300%. Substantial improvements in such signals have been measured in a plurality of different measurement devices. Figures 5 to 8 show experimental results for various sample well plates which demonstrate the improved signals and signal uniformity obtainable with coated sample plates. The numbers denote reflection readings obtained for various sample well plates and include mean values and standard deviation values for a well plate having 96 wells. The improved results with the prototype coated plates are clearly noticeable. The combination of the coating on the light transmitted plate provides significant practical advantages. In particular, the side of the coating bonded to the light transmissive material is protected by that material from discoloration by tarnishing, oxidation and the like. Therefore, even if some discoloration of the metal of the coating occurs, this does not normally affect the side of the coating bonded to the light transmissive material. This provides significant handling and testing environment advantages. Indeed, substantial improvements in the level of intensity of fluorescence signals have been noted even in comparison to polished metal blocks. This coating also provides other significant advantages with respect to metal sample well plates in that it can give a better thermal conductivity and therefore better temperature uniformity across the sample well plate and better performance during desired changes in temperature in the sample well plate or across the sample well plate. Moreover, because of the structure of well plates, it provides lower sample evaporation.

The coating can also provide improved uniformity of heating of the plate 10.

Of course, this invention is not limited to the particular light property measured for samples under test. It can be used in the measurement of fluorescence, luminescence and any other type of light property.

Claims

1. A sample well or sample well plate formed of a light transmitting material and a coating of highly reflective material on a surface of the sample well or sample well plate for providing reflectivity within the sample wells or sample well plate.
2. A sample well or sample well plate according to claim 1, wherein the coating is heat conductive.
3. A sample well or sample well plate according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the coating is on an exterior surface of the sample well or wells or sample well plate.
4. A sample well or sample well plate according to any preceding claim, wherein the light transmissive material is substantially transparent.
5. A sample well or sample well plate according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the light transmissive material is translucent.
6. A sample well or sample well plate according to any preceding claim, wherein the light transmissive material is coloured.
7. A sample well or sample well plate according to any preceding claim, wherein the coating is formed from a metal or metal alloy.
8. A sample well or sample well plate according to claim 7, wherein the coating includes silver or is substantially pure silver.
9. A sample well or sample well plate according to claim 7, wherein the coating includes nickel.
10. A sample well of sample well plate according to any preceding claim, wherein the translucent material of the sample well or sample well plate is formed of a plastics material.
11. A sample well or sample well plate substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
12. Test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate according to any preceding claim and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by electrical heating.
13. Test apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the heating means includes one or more sets of electrical terminals which can be coupled to the coating.
14. Test apparatus according to claim 13, wherein in the case of a plurality of sets of electrical terminals, the sets are arranged across and/or along the sample well plate.
15. Test apparatus according to claim 12, 13 or 14, including control means operable to control the current supplied to the or each set of electrical terminals to produce different currents in the sample plate so as to produce different heating effects.
16. Test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate according to any one of claims 1 to 11 and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by inductance.
17. Test apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the heating means includes one or more inductors arranged to lie across and/or along the sample well plate.
18. Test apparatus according to claim 16 or 17, including control means operable to control the inductors to induce different currents in the sample plate so as to produce different heating effects.
19. Test apparatus including support means designed to accommodate a sample well or sample well plate according to any one of claims 1 to 11 and heating means operable to heat the coating of a sample well or sample well plate by heated air.
20. Test apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the heating means includes an infrared or resistive heater.
21. Test apparatus according to claim 19, wherein the heating means includes a halogen lamp.
22. Test apparatus according to any one of claims 12 to 21, including one or more fans operable to blow air from the heating means to the sample well or sample well plate.
116
Fig.1
10
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Fig.2 2/6
10
/
Fig.3
10
/
40- uuuuuuuu -O- 40
FAN /FANS 44
HEAT SOURCE 42
Fig.4 Silver and non silver coated Plates genomic DNA with Sybr Green
Non coated (with tape)
0.0282 0.0291 0.0216 0.0186 0.0222 0.0154 0.0201 0.0207 0.0188 0.0294 0.0313 0.0429 0.0288 0.0323 0.0181 0.0213 0.0185 0.0154 0.0181 0.0154 0.0334 0.0295 0.0269 0.0394 sum = 3.1606 0.0282 0.0255 0.0232 0.0196 0.0205 0.0173 0.0182 0.0131 0.0181 0.0353 0.0481 0.0666 mean = 0.0329229 0.0295 0.0382 0.0292 0.0196 0.0215 0.0383 0.0308 0.0148 0.0229 0.053 0.0344 0.0443 standard dev = 0.013201 0.0263 0.029 0.0232 0.0227 0.0243 0.0662 0.037 0.0219 0.0388 0.0344 0.0493 0.0374 CV = 0.401 (40.1%) 0.0369 0.0311 0.0338 0.0305 0.0299 0.0426 0.0305 0.0245 0.0253 0.0458 0.0429 0.0853 0.0254 0.0661 0.034 0.0368 0.0379 0.057 0.046 0.0489 0.0414 0.0322 0.0537 0.0549 0.0216 0.0368 0.0408 0.0446 0.0338 0.0388 0.0334 0.0367 0.0339 0.036 0.039 0.0557
CO
C m O 0.0266 0.0272 0.02 0.0174 0.021 0.0153 0.0206 0.0204 0.0186 0.0291 0.0316 0.0415 0.0271 0.03 0.0171 0.0199 0.0178 0.0148 0.0183 0.0161 0.0321 0.0297 0.0266 0.0382 0.0265 0.0241 0.0218 0.0183 0.0191 0.0161 0.0184 0.0137 0.0178 0.0345 0.0466 0.0647 sum = 3.0631 C m 0.0282 0.0356 0.0279 0.0184 0.0205 0.0365 0.0306 0.0158 0.0232 0.052 0.0339 0.0435 mean = 0.0319073 ©
CO 0.0247 0.0273 0.022 0.0212 0.024 0.0633 0.037 0.023 0.0377 0.0344 0.0486 0.0367 stdev = 0.012772
I m 0.0345 0.0284 0.0323 0.0297 0.0284 0.0417 0.0307 0.0246 0.0262 0.0455 0.0421 0.0829 CV = 0.4 (40%) m 0.0235 0.0624 0.0322 0.0353 0.0361 0.0538 0.0447 0.0478 0.0407 0.0318 0.0526 0.0536 0.0202 0.0343 0.0384 0.0432 0.0332 0.0373 0.0327 0.0347 0.0337 0.0365 0.0384 0.0544 c m t 0.0256 0.0255 0.0176 0.0158 0.0198 0.0143 0.0195 0.0189 0.0177 0.0276 0.0296 0.0405 0.0255 0.0281 0.0155 0.0183 0.0163 0.0136 0.0162 0.0136 0.0301 0.0275 0.0252 0.0366 0.0263 0.0226 0.0205 0.0167 0.0187 0.0148 0.0166 0.0127 0.0163 0.0334 0.0451 0.0629 0.0277 0.034 0.0265 0.0174 0.0191 0.0355 0.0288 0.0144 0.0215 0.05 0.0324 0.0424 0.0243 0.0254 0.0204 0.0194 0.0229 0.0611 0.0357 0.0211 0.0355 0.0322 0.0468 0.036 sum = 2.915 0.0342 0.027 0.0304 0.0271 0.0262 0.0399 0.0293 0.0229 0.0243 0.0432 0.0403 0.0812 mean = 0.0303646 0.0233 0.0608 0.0305 0.0334 0.0344 0.0513 0.0434 0.0459 0.0393 0.03 0.0509 0.052 stdev = 0.012628 0.0203 0.0331 0.0364 0.0409 0.0312 0.0355 0.0314 0.0336 0.0323 0.0345 0.0366 0.052 CV = 0.416 (41.6%)
Fig.5
4/6
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C2O c po ci no tape silver coated (no tape)
0.0561 0.054 0.0705 0.1171 0.0679 0.0597 0.0592 0.1129 0.0584 0.0797 0.0793 0.064
0.0733 0.0686 0.0674 0.0875 0.0736 0.0727 0.0637 0.074 0.0664 0.1289 0.1073 0.1197
0.0851 0.0939 0.0817 0.0842 0.0889 NR 0.0886 0.0987 0.094 0.1002 0.0954 0.0841
0.0907 0.082 0.0785 0.0849 0.0947 0.1053 0.1011 0.0879 0.0944 0.0853 0.0856 0.0672 sum = 9.6702
0.0919 0.1219 0.0921 0.0983 0.1048 0.1361 0.1304 0.1057 0.1018 0.0963 0.102 0.09 mean = 0.1017916
0.124 0.1004 0.1074 0.1228 0.1161 0.1063 0.1029 0.1132 0.1072 0.1318 0.1196 0.0973 stdev = 0.02608
0.1236 0.1115 0.1237 0.1255 0.1241 0.1169 0.1165 0.117 0.1329 0.1242 0.1359 0.1191 CV = 0.26 (25.62%)
0.1157 0.1388 0.1303 0.1276 0.1111 0.1133 0.1625 0.12 0.2006 0.1589 0.1567 0.1092
0.0486 0.048 0.0626 0.1003 0.0599 0.0533 0.0536 0.1046 0.0538 0.0728 0.0715 0.0568
0.0641 0.0606 0.0594 0.0775 0.0674 0.0665 0.0595 0.0692 0.0627 0.118 0.0976 0.1067
0.0748 0.0826 0.0732 0.0757 0.081 NR 0.0815 0.0926 0.088 0.0935 0.0863 0.076 sum = 8.9339 V
0.0821 0.0743 0.0706 0.0774 0.0878 0.0992 0.0942 0.0827 0.0884 0.08 0.0789 0.0615 mean = 0.094041 "
0.0827 0.1102 0.0835 0.0913 0.097 0.1277 0.1229 0.0993 0.0953 0.0906 0.0939 0.0833 stdev = 0.025277
0.1126 0.0927 0.0993 0.1155 0.1087 0.1 0.097 0.1074 0.1008 0.1228 0.1125 0.0902 CV = 0.27 (26.88%) 1
0.1141 0.1035 0.1153 0.1173 0.116 0.1097 0.1106 0.1103 0.1252 0.1173 0.1279 0.1117
0.1069 0.129 0.1212 0.119 0.1041 0.1068 0.1535 0.1125 0.1893 0.1495 0.1465 0.1022
0.0465 0.0449 0.0582 0.0948 0.0571 0.0506 0.0511 0.1 0.0508 0.07 0.0683 0.0549 sum = 8.6448
0.0606 0.0579 0.0567 0.074 0.0647 0.0637 0.0564 0.067 0.0599 0.1143 0.0938 0.1028 mean = 0.0909979
0.0713 0.0805 0.0696 0.0726 0.0783 NR 0.078 0.0898 0.0855 0.0904 0.0825 0.0725 stdev = 0.025103
0.0779 0.0707 0.0684 0.0759 0.0855 0.0967 0.0922 0.0794 0.0865 0.0772 0.0761 0.0584 CV = 0.28 (27.59%)
0.0788 0.1066 0.081 0.0883 0.0951 0.1248 0.121 0.0957 0.0924 0.0873 0.0913 0.0803
0.1083 0.089 0.0969 0.1131 0.1063 0.0969 0.0947 0.1039 0.098 0.1194 0.1097 0.0879
0.1104 0.1004 0.1117 0.1135 0.114 0.1076 0.108 0.1074 0.1219 0.1145 0.124 0.1083
0.103 0.125 0.1183 0.1163 0.1017 0.1047 0.1506 0.1102 0.1849 0.1455 0.1425 0.0988
Fig.7
non coated (no tape) sum = 3.6963
0.0313 0.031 0.0216 0.0185 0.024 0.0186 0.0232 0.0226 0.0226 0.037 0.038 0.0515 mean = 0.0385031
0.0296 0.0341 0.0164 0.022 0.0185 0.0166. 0.0196 0.0181 0.0414 0.0394 0.0339 0.0495 stdev = 0.018455
0.0285 0.0276 0.0239 0.0199 0.0211 0.0181 0.0204 0.0163 0.0224 0.0482 0.0627 0.085 CV = 0.48 (47.9%)
0.0302 0.0408 0.0304 0.0193 0.0214 0.0473 0.0365 0.0184 0.0288 0.0724 0.0429 0.0561
0.025 0.0299 0.0227 0.0219 0.0253 0.0805 0.0459 0.0265 0.0466 0.044 0.057 0.0492
0.0377 0.032 0.0364 0.0329 0.0319 0.0533 0.0344 0.0274 0.0288 0.0611 0.0553 0.1218
CO 0.0241 0.0781 0.0358 0.0412 0.0409 0.0687 0.0559 0.0582 0.0537 0.0396 0.0687 0.0718
CD 0.0181 0.0383 0.0436 0.0494 0.0375 0.0434 0.0385 0.0423 0.0405 0.0453 0.0488 0.0688
CO
—1
H C 0.029 0.0296 0.0205 0.0171 0.0228 0.0176 0.022 0.0221 0.0221 0.0357 0.0357 0.0483 m 0.0269 0.0317 0.0161 0.0209 0.0181 0.0161 0.0191 0.0162 0.039 0.0381 0.031 0.0463 sum = 3.5166
CO 0.0267 0.0263 0.0229 0.0189 0.0199 0.0177 0.0194 0.015 0.0212 0.0457 0.0581 0.0809 mean = 0.036631 O m m 0.0283 0.038 0.0291 0.018 0.0206 0.0462 0.0349 0.0184 0.0279 0.0692 0.0396 0.0529 stdev = 0.017563 Q
H 0.0238 0.0277 0.0222 0.0209 0.0241 0.0775 0.0439 0.026 0.0441 0.0431 0.0534 0.0462 CV = 0.48 (47.9%)
36 0.0352 0.0295 0.0349 0.0313 0.0306 0.051 0.0327 0.0258 0.0277 0.0593 0.0519 0.1151 c 0.0227 0.074 0.0344 0.0386 0.0391 0.0661 0.054 0.056 0.0522 0.0384 0.0656 0.0678 m 0.0164 0.0368 0.0422 0.0466 0.0361 0.0419 0.0367 0.0402 0.0395 0.0439 0.0459 0.0658 r
0.0285 0.027 0.0181 0.0165 0.0214 0.0172 0.0215 0.0218 0.0217 0.0353 0.0365 0.0483
0.0263 0.0296 0.0147 0.019 0.017 0.0152 0.0189 0.017 0.0379 0.0384 0.0323 0.0464 sum = 3.4617
0.0259 0.0245 0.0213 0.0172 0.0188 0.0171 0.0197 0.0154 0.0204 0.0451 0.0578 0.0799 mean = 0.0360594
0.0272 0.0371 0.0279 0.0164 0.0197 0.0458 0.0349 0.0181 0.028 0.0682 0.0409 0.0525 stdev = 0.017649
0.0234 0.0278 0.0202 0.0192 0.0247 0.0763 0.0438 0.025 0.0438 0.0433 0.053 0.047 CV = 0.9 (48.9%)
0.0346 0.0299 0.0333 0.0296 0.0305 0.0509 0.0331 0.0253 0.0273 0.0584 0.0531 0.1145
0.0223 0.0719 0.0332 0.0371 0.0392 0.0644 0.0536 0.0562 0.0525 0.0384 0.0652 0.0682
0.0161 0.0365 0.0404 0.0452 0.0358 0.0415 0.0367 0.0393 0.0388 0.0433 0.046 0.0656
Fig.8
EP20020735620 2001-06-21 2002-06-14 Sample well plate Withdrawn EP1441853A2 (en)

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GB0115235A GB0115235D0 (en) 2001-06-21 2001-06-21 Sample well plate
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GB2404883B (en) * 2003-08-01 2008-02-27 Bg Res Ltd Improvement in biological, chemical and biochemical processes and apparatus
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