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EP1178553A3 - Device for treating a fuel-coolant mixture in a fuel cell system - Google Patents

Device for treating a fuel-coolant mixture in a fuel cell system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP1178553A3
EP1178553A3 EP01118320A EP01118320A EP1178553A3 EP 1178553 A3 EP1178553 A3 EP 1178553A3 EP 01118320 A EP01118320 A EP 01118320A EP 01118320 A EP01118320 A EP 01118320A EP 1178553 A3 EP1178553 A3 EP 1178553A3
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
fuel
fuel cell
cell system
system
treating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP01118320A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1178553A2 (en
Inventor
Jens Thomas Dr. Müller
Sven Schnetzler
Peter Waitkat
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Daimler AG
Original Assignee
Daimler AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10037402 priority Critical
Priority to DE10037402A priority patent/DE10037402A1/en
Application filed by Daimler AG filed Critical Daimler AG
Publication of EP1178553A2 publication Critical patent/EP1178553A2/en
Publication of EP1178553A3 publication Critical patent/EP1178553A3/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J47/00Ion-exchange processes in general; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J47/02Column or bed processes
    • B01J47/06Column or bed processes during which the ion-exchange material is subjected to a physical treatment, e.g. heat, electric current, irradiation or vibration
    • B01J47/08Column or bed processes during which the ion-exchange material is subjected to a physical treatment, e.g. heat, electric current, irradiation or vibration subjected to a direct electric current
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J39/00Cation exchange; Use of material as cation exchangers; Treatment of material for improving the cation exchange properties
    • B01J39/04Processes using organic exchangers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J47/00Ion-exchange processes in general; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J47/02Column or bed processes
    • B01J47/026Column or bed processes using columns or beds of different ion exchange materials in series
    • B01J47/028Column or bed processes using columns or beds of different ion exchange materials in series with alternately arranged cationic and anionic exchangers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J47/00Ion-exchange processes in general; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J47/02Column or bed processes
    • B01J47/04Mixed-bed processes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0662Treatment of gaseous reactants or gaseous residues, e.g. cleaning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/1009Fuel cells with solid electrolytes with one of the reactants being liquid, solid or liquid-charged
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/06Combination of fuel cells with means for production of reactants or for treatment of residues
    • H01M8/0662Treatment of gaseous reactants or gaseous residues, e.g. cleaning
    • H01M8/0668Removal of carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • Y02E60/52Fuel cells characterised by type or design
    • Y02E60/521Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells [PEMFC]
    • Y02E60/522Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells [DAFC]
    • Y02E60/523Direct Methanol Fuel Cells [DMFC]

Abstract

Eine Vorrichtung dient zur Aufbereitung eines Kraftstoff-Kühlmittel-Gemisches in einem Brennstoffzellensystem. An apparatus used for the preparation of a fuel-refrigerant mixture in a fuel cell system. Bei dem Brennstoffzellensystem handelt es sich dabei insbesondere um ein Direkt-Methanol-Brennstoffzellensystem. In the fuel cell system is in particular a direct methanol fuel cell system. Das Kraftstoff-Kühlmittel-Gemisch zirkuliert in einem Kreislaufsystem (5), welches eine Gemischfördereinrichtung (7), einen Anodenraum (2) einer Brennstoffzelle (1) und einen Ionentauscher (11) aufweist. The fuel-refrigerant mixture circulated in a circulation system (5) comprising a mixture conveyor (7), an anode space (2) a fuel cell (1) and an ion exchanger (11). Weiterhin wird Kraftstoff über eine Leitung aus einem Tank (21) in das Kreislaufsystem geführt. Furthermore, fuel via a conduit from a tank (21) is guided into the circulatory system. In dieser Leitung ist ein Anionen- und Kationentauscher (23) angeordnet. In this line, a anion and cation exchanger (23) is arranged. Zusätzlich ist im Kreislaufsystem noch ein Kationentauscher (11) angeordnet. In addition, in the circulatory system, a cation exchanger (11) is also arranged.
EP01118320A 2000-08-01 2001-07-27 Device for treating a fuel-coolant mixture in a fuel cell system Withdrawn EP1178553A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10037402 2000-08-01
DE10037402A DE10037402A1 (en) 2000-08-01 2000-08-01 Device for treating a hydrocarbon-water mixture

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1178553A2 EP1178553A2 (en) 2002-02-06
EP1178553A3 true EP1178553A3 (en) 2006-05-03

Family

ID=7650919

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP01118320A Withdrawn EP1178553A3 (en) 2000-08-01 2001-07-27 Device for treating a fuel-coolant mixture in a fuel cell system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US6855445B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1178553A3 (en)
DE (1) DE10037402A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6673482B2 (en) * 2000-09-27 2004-01-06 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Cooling system for fuel cell
DE10104771A1 (en) * 2001-02-02 2002-08-08 Basf Ag Method and apparatus for deionizing cooling media for fuel cells
JP4569096B2 (en) * 2003-11-13 2010-10-27 日産自動車株式会社 The fuel cell cooling device
US8246817B2 (en) * 2004-06-10 2012-08-21 Ford Motor Company Deionization filter for fuel cell vehicle coolant
JP2010003448A (en) * 2008-06-18 2010-01-07 Toyota Boshoku Corp Cooling system for fuel cell
DE102013020787A1 (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-06-11 Daimler Ag A fuel cell cooling circuit, a motor vehicle and method for operating the fuel cell cooling circuit

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02183966A (en) * 1989-01-06 1990-07-18 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Water processing system for fuel cell
US5425858A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-06-20 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and apparatus for capacitive deionization, electrochemical purification, and regeneration of electrodes
DE19807878A1 (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-08-26 Dbb Fuel Cell Engines Gmbh Fuel cell system
WO1999044250A1 (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-09-02 Xcellsis Gmbh Liquid fuel cell system
US5980716A (en) * 1995-12-06 1999-11-09 Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. Water treatment apparatus for a fuel cell system

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5919583A (en) * 1995-03-20 1999-07-06 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Membranes containing inorganic fillers and membrane and electrode assemblies and electrochemical cells employing same
EP1116296B1 (en) 1998-09-22 2005-05-11 Ballard Power Systems AG Antifreeze cooling subsystem

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH02183966A (en) * 1989-01-06 1990-07-18 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Water processing system for fuel cell
US5425858A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-06-20 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and apparatus for capacitive deionization, electrochemical purification, and regeneration of electrodes
US5954937A (en) * 1994-05-20 1999-09-21 The Regents Of The University Of California Method and apparatus for capacitive deionization and electrochemical purification and regeneration of electrodes
US5980716A (en) * 1995-12-06 1999-11-09 Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. Water treatment apparatus for a fuel cell system
DE19807878A1 (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-08-26 Dbb Fuel Cell Engines Gmbh Fuel cell system
WO1999044250A1 (en) * 1998-02-25 1999-09-02 Xcellsis Gmbh Liquid fuel cell system

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 014, no. 457 (E - 0986) 2 October 1990 (1990-10-02) *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20020025466A1 (en) 2002-02-28
DE10037402A1 (en) 2002-02-28
EP1178553A2 (en) 2002-02-06
US6855445B2 (en) 2005-02-15

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