EP0885814B1 - Razor packaging system - Google Patents

Razor packaging system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0885814B1
EP0885814B1 EP19980303686 EP98303686A EP0885814B1 EP 0885814 B1 EP0885814 B1 EP 0885814B1 EP 19980303686 EP19980303686 EP 19980303686 EP 98303686 A EP98303686 A EP 98303686A EP 0885814 B1 EP0885814 B1 EP 0885814B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
razors
packaging
razor
displaying
storing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19980303686
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0885814A1 (en
Inventor
Wolfgang Althaus
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Warner Lambert Co LLC
Original Assignee
Warner Lambert Co LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US876263 priority Critical
Priority to US87626397A priority
Application filed by Warner Lambert Co LLC filed Critical Warner Lambert Co LLC
Publication of EP0885814A1 publication Critical patent/EP0885814A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0885814B1 publication Critical patent/EP0885814B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D27/00Shaving accessories
    • A45D27/22Containers or carriers for storing shaving appliances
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/04Articles or materials wholly enclosed in single sheets or wrapper blanks
    • B65D75/20Articles or materials wholly enclosed in single sheets or wrapper blanks in sheets or blanks doubled around contents and having their opposed free margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding
    • B65D75/22Articles or materials wholly enclosed in single sheets or wrapper blanks in sheets or blanks doubled around contents and having their opposed free margins united, e.g. by pressure-sensitive adhesive, crimping, heat-sealing, or welding the sheet or blank being recessed to accommodate contents

Description

  • The present invention relates to a system for packaging and displaying razors according to the preamble of claim 1 and, more particularly, to a system for displaying and selectively storing a plurality of razors in an economically advantageous and ergonomically convenient fashion.
  • When trying to develop a successful consumer response for a product, whether new or old, several important considerations should be kept in mind in order to maximize profits and insure a product's success. Of the more notable of these considerations, three in particular should be emphasized: efficient product development, efficient manufacturing and packaging of the product, and effective sales techniques. Careful application of these factors should begin at the onset of the manufacturing process and continue until the eventual sale of the product.
  • One such market where these considerations play a particularly important role is the disposable shaving industry where rapid technological advancement can dramatically increase the sales and/or foster a quick decline in the popularity of a particular shaving device. Hence, manufacturers of shaving devices are constantly and consistently coming up with new products and developing new ways of making the shaving process easier and more comfortable for both men and women. More recently, however, there has been an increasing trend towards developing new ways of displaying, packaging and storing shaving products to enhance sales as well.
  • For example, most disposable razors are sold in packets containing a specific number of units depending upon the size of the particular packaging. Usually, the razors are either sold in: a plastic bag, a box or perhaps in some limited space saving arrangement. While there are obvious advantages for the manufacturer in packaging and selling the razors in such bulk-sale fashion, namely, lower packaging costs, there are numerous disadvantages for the consumer. For example, consumers may have difficulty in discerning the particular type, quality or quantity of the razors prior to sale due to the shape, non-transparency or particular type of bag used for packaging. This can lead to discouragement at the point of purchase. In addition, consumers may be forced to buy a larger quantity of razors than that initially or actually desired. Moreover, because of the particular type of packaging, i.e., plastic bags or partial cardboard encasement, the razors typically separate from the packaging and can become lost or perhaps damaged.
  • A further disadvantage of much previously used packaging is that most razors sold in bulk-like quantities are either not meant to be stored in their selling containers (plastic bags, boxes or cardboard encasements) or can only be stored rather awkwardly in such packaging, making bulk-buying less desirable.
  • It would therefore be desirable to provide a razor packaging system which will display a plurality of razors in an economically efficient yet attractive fashion and additionally provide a convenient means for storing the razors even after the selling container has been opened.
  • UK patent application number GB 2090524 A (corresponding to the preamble of claim 1) discolses a display package of disposable razors formed from:
  • 1. A substantially rectangular card, by slitting to form a finger in the centre of the card, and folding the card to a channel shape, adhering the finger to a panel to maintain the channel shape; and
  • 2. An array of for example five razors with their handles in side by side contact and their blade units overlapping one another by fitting the array within the channel to rest against the finger.
  • US Patent No. 5,095,924 discloses a personal toiletry case having a left section and a right section hinged together by hinges. Each section has a rectangular side panel bounded by a bottom wall, a top wall, and two side walls. The top walls each have a recessed portion through which articles contained within the case may be accessed. Brackets extending from the panels of the case are provided to hold toiletry articles within the case. The case also has venting holes to allow moisture within the case to escape through ambience.
  • According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a razor packaging system as defined in Claim 1.
  • Optional, advantageous features of the invention are defined in the dependent sub-claims.
  • Various embodiments of the present invention provide a novel razor packaging system for displaying and storing a plurality of razors, comprising a first portion and a second portion movably disposed relative to each other between a closed position and an open position. At least one of the first portion and the second portion also comprise a means for releasably securing the razors to the respective first or second portion. The razor packaging system additionally comprises means for maintaining the first portion and the second portion in a closed position for storing the razors.
  • Accordingly, various embodiments of the present invention are useful in providing a packaging system for displaying re-usable and/or disposable razors whereby the razors are ideally positioned, e.g., for display in an upright fashion. The razors are preferably arranged or positioned by way of a maintaining means in some ideal space saving arrangement, i.e., side-by-side (each razor head positioned proximate to a subsequent razor head) or nestled (each razor head positioned proximate to the bottom of a subsequent razor shaft or handle).
  • According to the present invention, a packaging system for a reusable or disposable razor has at least one breakable connection located between two razors, so that one or more razors can be easily and selectively separated from the remaining plurality.
  • In accordance with one embodiment the present invention, a system for displaying and storing a plurality of razors comprises a plurality of razors, a first portion and a second portion. The first and second portions are movable relative to each other between a closed position and an open position and either or both of the first or the second portion additionally comprise means for releasably securing the plurality of razors to the respective first or second portion. The packaging system also comprises means for maintaining the first portion and the second portion in a closed position.
  • In one particular embodiment, the razors are disposable. Thus each of the razors comprise a razor head and a razor handle wherein the razor head is integrally formed with the razor handle.
  • The packaging system of the present invention comprises at least one breakable connection disposed between two razors for easily separating one or more razors from the remaining plurality. Advantageously, one breakable connection is disposed between each pair of adjacent razors so that each individual razor can be separated from the whole and the remaining razors stay secured in the original sale packaging. In some cases, however, it may be desirable to package two or more razors within one compartmentalized breakable connection for added storage convenience or for travelling purposes.
  • Most desirably, the razors are packaged side-by-side in an upright or vertically oriented manner for space saving purposes. However, in some cases it may be desirable to package the razors to partially lie on one side edge or on a slight angle with respect to the view of the consumer in order to enhance the razor's appearance. In other cases it may be desirable to package and position the razors in a nestled fashion to allow more razors to fit within the limited space available for the packaging.
  • Preferably, the packaging system comprises means for maintaining or storing the razors in a closed position which can involve a snap-fit mechanism, male-to-female-connection, or synthetic materials that adhere when pressed together, e.g., such as the fastener commonly sold under the trademark VELCRO®. In one particular embodiment, an overlapping portion depends from one of the portions and reciprocates or interacts with the other portion to secure the packaging in the closed position. In another particular embodiment, the razor packaging system comprises an additional security strip or security mechanism, to prevent tampering of the package prior to sale, which can be removed from the packaging after the sale.
  • Most desirably, the first and the second portions are connected with a living hinge so as to movably cooperate in a uniform or consistent fashion during movement from the closed position to the open position.
  • Preferably, either or both of the first or the second portion is partially or fully transparent so the razors are viewable to the consumer prior to purchase. Advantageously, either or both of the first portion or the second portion comprise a thermoplastic material or are formed by some known molding or hot formation process.
  • In one particularly preferred embodiment, the razors are held in place by way of a plurality of walls extending from one or perhaps both of the portions which define or form a plurality of wells for receiving a portion of a razor. In another preferred embodiment, the razors are packaged in an upright fashion either nestled or side-by-side and the razor heads are received within the wells.
  • In one embodiment, the razors are held in place and secured to one of the portions by positioning elements which allow a consumer to selectively separate the razors from the other razors remaining in the package.
  • There now follows a description of preferred embodiments of the invention, by way of example, with reference being made to the accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a plan view showing some, but not all, of the features of the present invention with the razors in nestled fashion;
  • FIG. 2 is a side view of the packaging system;
  • FIG. 3 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of the packaging system showing some, but not all, of the features of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 is a side view of the packaging system of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 5a is a side elevational view showing a male-male fastening means for the packaging system;
  • FIG. 5b is a side elevational view showing a male-female fastening means for the packaging system;
  • FIG. 5c is a side elevational view showing a snap-fit fastening means for the packaging system;
  • FIG. 5d is a front elevational view showing an overlapping fastening means for the packaging system;
  • FIG. 6 is a plan view of the packaging system of the present invention, showing nestled razors and breakable connections;
  • FIG. 7 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of the packaging system showing breakable connections; and
  • FIG. 8 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of the packaging system showing individually contained razors in nestled arrangement with individual breakable connections.
  • Turning now in detail to the appended drawings, and in particular FIG. 1, a razor packaging system is generally designated by reference number 10. Packaging system 10 comprising packaging display holder 12, first portion 14 (Not shown in FIG. 1, See FIG. 3) and second portion 16. Holder 12 is attached to either or both first portion 14 or second portion 16 and comprises recess 40 designed to cooperate with a store's standard display case or displaying mechanism. Holder 12 is preferably formed from a transparent, resilient plastic or other similar material and is preferably detachable from first portion 14 or second portion 16 after the sale. FIG. 1 also shows adhesive strip 28 attached along common edge 31 which acts as a temporary security means for packaging system 10 to prevent tampering prior to sale.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, first portion 14 and second portion 16, preferably made from a thermoplastic material, are movably disposed relative to one another by way of living hinge 23 preferably attached along second common edge 29 of portions 14, 16. In accordance with this particular embodiment of the present invention, the plurality of disposable razors, generally designated by reference numeral 15, each comprise a razor head 18 and handle 20 which are, preferably, integrally formed with each other. As depicted in FIG. 1, disposable razors 15 are arranged in a nestled fashion wherein each neighboring razor head 18 is touching or proximate to the bottom handle portion 21 of a first disposable razor to minimize the space used by each razor 15 and maximize packaging. Preferably, the razors 15 are also arranged or positioned in an upright manner such that the side edge 39 (See FIG. 4) of each razor 15 or the side face 19 of razor head 18 abuts against at least one side of the packaging so that each razor is standing on its side face 19 or side edge 39.
  • As seen most clearly in the embodiment of FIG. 2, first portion 14 and second portion 16 comprise a plurality of walls 27, 25, respectively, depending from one or both of said portions 14, 16 which define at least one well 30, 32 for containing a portion of razor 15. For example, in this particular embodiment, which is also the same embodiment shown in FIG. 1, razors 15 are arranged in a nestled fashion and every other razor's head 18 is received within either upper well or lower well depending upon its respective vertical disposition.
  • In another embodiment shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, razors 15 can be maintained in position (preferably upright) by positioning elements 24 and 26 which are integral with one of said portions 14, 16 and act so as to mutually cooperate with each other (24, 26) to selectively maintain at least one razor 15 in a particular desired position for packaging.
  • FIGS. 5a through 5d show several alternative embodiments of the releasable securing or locking means for keeping razor packaging 10 in a closed position for storage or traveling purposes. In particular, FIG. 5a depicts a close-up of bottom razor handle 21 contained in well 32 of first portion 14. First portion 14 additionally comprises a first male detent or protrusion 46 integrally formed with the same and second portion 16 comprises a second male detent or protrusion 44 integrally formed within a depending edge of the same such that first protrusion 46 and second protrusion 44 engage in a male-to-male overlapping locking fashion to secure the packaging system in a closed position.
  • FIG. 5b depicts a similar close-up view of a packaging system with a male-to-female securing device. In particular, FIG. 5b comprises protruding portion or detent 50 integrally formed with first portion 14 and receiving portion 52 is integrally formed within a depending edge of second portion 16 such that receiving portion 52 aligns and accommodates protruding portion 50 in a locking or securing manner, i.e., protruding portion 50 and receiving portion 52 mutually cooperate in securing packaging system 10 in a closed position.
  • Likewise FIG. 5c depicts a similar close-up view of a packaging system wherein the securing means involves a snap-fit mechanism comprising female snap portion 62 attached to one of said portions and male snap portion 60 attached to the other of said portions. Male snap portion 60 and female snap portion 62 cooperate to close the packaging system in a releasable snap-fit manner.
  • FIG. 5d shows another alternative embodiment of the securing means wherein one of said portions is formed to overlap the other of said portions in a close-fit, secure manner. In particular, FIG. 5d shows first portion 14 comprising flap 63" formed therein and second portion 16 comprising flange 61 formed therein, flap 63 and flange 61 mutually cooperating to secure packing system 10 in a closed position.
  • FIGS. 6-8 show the packaging system 10 of the present invention comprising breakable sections 146, 246 and 346, respectively, located between razors for easily separating at least one razor 15 from the remaining plurality. FIG. 6, in particular, shows razors 15 nestled in pairs, each pair being separated by a breakable connection 146 such that once holder 112 is separated from packaging system 10, each razor pair can be selectively and easily separated from the other razors 15 remaining in the package.
  • FIG. 7 shows another embodiment wherein each razor 15 is individually packaged within its own breakaway portion so that each individual razor 15 can be separated from the package. Likewise, FIG. 8 shows still another embodiment of the present invention wherein razors 15 are nestled in pairs for space saving purposes and each razor 15 is individually packaged within its own breakaway portion 346. In this particular embodiment, however, breakaway section 346 is generally shaped around or shaped along the contours of each individual razor 15 thus enabling more efficient packaging. Though not illustrated, each of the breakaway casings are preferably selectively openable and reclosable for repeated uses.
  • Various modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the claims. For example, while the packaging system is generally made from a resilient plastic material, it may be desirable to construct one of the portions from a different material such as cardboard or an expanded synthetic resinous material such as STYROFOAM. Advantageously, the packaging system has a hinge located along one edge so that the packaging system will open in a uniform manner and stay together when in an open position, however, it may be desirable to construct the packaging system so that one of the portions is movably disposed relative to the other portion in a slide-like manner.
  • Preferably, one of the portions of the packaging system is transparent; however, in some instances it may be desirable to make one or both of the portions from a non-transparent material or, in some cases, it may be desirable to include various indicia such as sales information on one of the portions to attract the consumer or to otherwise increase sales.

Claims (17)

  1. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors, comprising:
    a plurality of razors (15);
    a first portion (14) of the packaging system and a second portion (16) of the packaging system movably disposed relative to each other between a closed position and an open position;
    at least one of said first portion (14) or said second portion (16) comprising means for releasably securing said plurality of razors (15) to said respective first (14) or said second (16) portion; and
    means for maintaining said first portion (14) and said second portion (16) in said closed position, characterised in that at least one of said first (14) or said second (16) portion comprises a breakable connection (146;246;346) located between two of said plurality of said razors (15).
  2. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to Claim 1 wherein said securing means (24,26) positions said plurality of razors (15) in an upright position.
  3. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to Claim 1 or Claim 2 wherein said securing means (24,26) selectively maintains said plurality of razors in a nestled fashion.
  4. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims wherein said securing means comprises a plurality of walls (25,27) connected to one of said portions (14,16), said walls defining a plurality of wells (30,32) which receive at least portions of said razors.
  5. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors according to any one of the preceding claims wherein both of said portions (14,16) comprise a plurality of walls (25,27), said walls defining a plurality of wells (30,32) which cooperate to receive at least portions of said razors (15).
  6. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to Claim 4 or Claim 5 wherein said walls (25,27) are integrally formed with one of said first portion (14) or said second portion (16).
  7. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims wherein said securing means comprises at least one positioning element (124,1265;224,226;324,326) extending from one of said first portion (14) or said second portion (16) for selectively positioning at least a portion of said razors (15).
  8. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein each said razor comprises a razor head (18) and a handle (20), said razor head being integrally formed with said handle.
  9. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the proceeding claims, wherein said means for maintaining said first portion and second portion in said closed position comprises a snap-fit mechanism (60,62).
  10. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of Claims 1 to 8, wherein said means for maintaining said first portion and second portion in said closed position comprises a clasp (61,63).
  11. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of Claims 1 to 8, wherein said means for maintaining said first portion and second portion in said closed position comprises VELCRO®.
  12. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of Claims 1 to 8, wherein said means for maintaining said first portion and second portion in said closed position comprises an overlapping portion (63) extending from one of said first portion or said second portion.
  13. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of said first portion (14) or said second portion (16) is transparent.
  14. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of said first portion (14) or said second portion (16)comprises a thermoplastic material.
  15. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein said first portion (14) is selectively separable from said second portion (16).
  16. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims wherein said first portion (14) and said second portion (16) are connected with a living hinge (23).
  17. A razor packaging system (10) for displaying and storing a plurality of razors (15) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least said first portion (14) or said second portion (16) further comprises a plurality of breakable connections (146;246;346).
EP19980303686 1997-06-16 1998-05-12 Razor packaging system Expired - Lifetime EP0885814B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US876263 1992-04-30
US87626397A true 1997-06-16 1997-06-16

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0885814A1 EP0885814A1 (en) 1998-12-23
EP0885814B1 true EP0885814B1 (en) 2002-09-18

Family

ID=25367305

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19980303686 Expired - Lifetime EP0885814B1 (en) 1997-06-16 1998-05-12 Razor packaging system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0885814B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH1119347A (en)
DE (1) DE69807993T2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7854320B2 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-12-21 The Gillette Company Package for holding and displaying shaving razors

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3759375A (en) * 1971-05-21 1973-09-18 J Nappi Disposable swab-type applicator package
DE2557540A1 (en) * 1975-12-19 1977-06-30 Schneider Max Transport container for full sacks - has two hollow hinged halves subdivided by parallel webs
GB2090524B (en) * 1981-01-06 1984-07-18 Wilkinson Sword Ltd A display package of disposable razors
DE9001785U1 (en) * 1990-02-20 1991-04-04 Coronet - Werke Heinrich Schlerf Gmbh, 6948 Wald-Michelbach, De
US5095924A (en) * 1991-08-12 1992-03-17 John Stanfield Personal toiletry case
JP2722294B2 (en) * 1992-02-18 1998-03-04 フェザー安全剃刀株式会社 Spare blade storage container for spare blade barber
FR2746622B3 (en) * 1996-03-26 1998-08-07 Varenio Philippe Disposable toilet razor dispenser

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH1119347A (en) 1999-01-26
DE69807993D1 (en) 2002-10-24
EP0885814A1 (en) 1998-12-23
DE69807993T2 (en) 2003-05-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4886160A (en) Carton for containing a plurality of items for transport, storage and display
US6371365B1 (en) Display and shipping carton
NL1005038C2 (en) Rectangular folding box with display option.
US7325718B2 (en) Portable food dispenser
US5642810A (en) Container/dispenser for rolled plastic bags
CA2469637C (en) Packaging for multiple media discs and methods for making same
US7213703B2 (en) Reusable environmentally friendly package and storage album
CA2354340C (en) Displayable shipping carton
US5460265A (en) Blank construction and package for a compact disc
EP0807066B1 (en) Package closing label
EP1786686B1 (en) Comestible product dispensers and methods of making and using same
US5555982A (en) Convertible shipping container-display apparatus
CA2203806C (en) Shipping container convertible to a display container
US4779734A (en) Device for storing and shipping blister pack articles
US5259550A (en) Decahedral tissue carton
DE69628236T2 (en) Basket-based carrier with a partition tape
US3327924A (en) Rigid plastic bag
US5458272A (en) Paperboard dispenser having separately formed drawer
EP0605880B2 (en) Blister package for articles
US5411140A (en) Product package with matching indicia and recess
US6729475B2 (en) Shipper and display carton
CN102883972B (en) For the multi-piece type distributing box used by consumable product
RU2564235C2 (en) Package
US3918631A (en) Decorator box
EP1814800B1 (en) Improvements in or relating to packs for holding food items

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): DE FR GB

AX Extension or validation of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19990416

AKX Payment of designation fees

Free format text: DE FR GB

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20010219

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): DE FR GB

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 69807993

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 20021024

Format of ref document f/p: P

ET Fr: translation filed
PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20030401

Year of fee payment: 06

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20030505

Year of fee payment: 06

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20030530

Year of fee payment: 06

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20030619

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20040512

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20041201

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20040512

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20050131

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST