EP0874945A4 - Remote control of electronic locking systems - Google Patents

Remote control of electronic locking systems

Info

Publication number
EP0874945A4
EP0874945A4 EP19960943403 EP96943403A EP0874945A4 EP 0874945 A4 EP0874945 A4 EP 0874945A4 EP 19960943403 EP19960943403 EP 19960943403 EP 96943403 A EP96943403 A EP 96943403A EP 0874945 A4 EP0874945 A4 EP 0874945A4
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
control
code
means
lock
electronic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19960943403
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0874945A1 (en )
Inventor
Stanley Ernest Pogson
Kenneth Edwin Thomas
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ELECTRONIC LOCKING SYSTEMS Ltd
ELECTRONIC LOCKING SYSTEMS LIM
Original Assignee
ELECTRONIC LOCKING SYSTEMS LIMITED
ELECTRONIC LOCKING SYSTEMS LIM
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00007Access-control involving the use of a pass
    • G07C9/00103Access-control involving the use of a pass with central registration and control, e.g. for swimming pools or hotel-rooms, generally in combination with a pass-dispensing system
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00182Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00658Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by passive electrical keys
    • G07C9/00674Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by passive electrical keys with switch-buttons
    • G07C9/0069Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by passive electrical keys with switch-buttons actuated in a predetermined sequence
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00817Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00182Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • G07C2009/00206Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks the keyless data carrier being hand operated
    • G07C2009/00222Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks the keyless data carrier being hand operated by more than one push button
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C2009/00753Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys
    • G07C2009/00769Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys with data transmission performed by wireless means
    • G07C2009/00793Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by active electrical keys with data transmission performed by wireless means by Hertzian waves
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00817Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed
    • G07C2009/00825Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys where the code of the lock can be programmed remotely by lines or wireless communication

Abstract

A control unit (6) is electronically connected to an electronic lock (7) and adapted to receive radio signals via a paging receiver (4). The control unit (6) is activated by a code comprising a receiver identification code (RIC) and site identification code (SIC). A control signal is produced when the control code corresponds with a control code recognized by the control unit (6), and enables/disables the electronic lock keypad connected to the control unit. The control system integrates control units with central control and communication elements (i.e., a paging, telecommunications, or two-way radio network). Thus, individual electronic locks or systems, each with its own control unit, may be remotely controlled by transmission of appropriate control codes. In addition, each control unit may receive security status information relating to the lock, door, keypad and/or lock environment, and transfer that security status information to the central control means, enabling interactive lock control.

Description

REMOTE CONTROL OF ELECTRONIC LOCKING SYSTEMS TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates to the control of electronic locks, and in particular to a method and apparatus for remotely controlling such locks or a system of such locks.

BACKGROUND ART

Electronically controlled locking systems are in common use, particularly, for example in banking for the control of safes or vaults

Bank safes or vaults incorporating electronic locks are generally controlled from a key pad electronically connected to the lock. In addition, some systems may include overriding control of the key pad via, for example, a computer operated system which permits interference with control of the lock by the key pad. Thus, for example, at predetermined times, or in emergencies, the key pad may essentially be electronically disengaged from the lock so that entering the usual code will not open the lock.

One disadvantage of such a system is that the key pad remains operable although not operational. In the event of an emergency, for example robbery, a frustrated robber seeing an apparently functional key pad might believe that the operator was deliberately frustrating the robbers attempt to have the safe opened rather than believing that the safe was unopenable

Furthermore, conventional security systems operating on electronic locks will only operate on one lock at a time or on a network of electronically connected locks. There are, however, circumstances under which an organisation may wish to influence all electronic locks under its control, or all locks in a particular area, at the same time.

Conventional security systems also tend not to be effectively integrated into a centrally managed system which enables the owner or their agent to be able to monitor all locks in a system and have overriding control of all locks in that system.

Thus, it is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and method for the remote control of electronic locks which reduces or overcomes the above mentioned problems, or which at least provides the public with a useful alternative.

Other objects of the present invention may become apparent from the following description which is given by way of example only.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a control unit adapted to control one or more electronic locks, comprising: a communication means adapted to receive radio waves, a decoder having a receiver identification code (RIC), a control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, and electronically connected to one or more electronic locks, said control unit activated by receipt of a transmission code including the RIC and SIC, and when activated said control unit extracts a control code accompanying said transmission code, said control code decoded by the decoder, and if the decoded control code corresponds with one or more of the specified decoded control codes of the control means then said control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the or each electronic lock.

In a preferred form of control unit of the invention the control signal may control the power supply to the electronic lock or locks, and may further effect an operation on the or any associated keypad.

Preferably the communication means may comprise a receiver/ transmitter.

Preferably, the control means may be further adapted to monitor security status information relating to the electronic locks(s) and/or associated keypad(s) and/or their environment, and to relay such security status information to the communication means for transmission.

According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a control system adapted to provide remote control of one or more electronic locks, comprising: first communication means; actuating means adapted to enable the entry of a digital data control sequence, comprising a transmission code and a control code, for transmission by the first communication means; and one or more control units, the or each unit comprising a second communication means adapted to receive radio waves, a decoder having a receiver identification code (RIC) common to all units in the system, and control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, and electronically connected to one or more electronic locks and/or their associated keypads, the or each said control unit activated by receipt of transmission from the first communication means of a transmission code including the RIC, such that one or more selected control means recognising its SIC in the transmission code will extract a control code accompanying the transmission code, said control code decoded by the corresponding decoder of selected control means, and if the decoded control code corresponds with a specified decoded control code of the selected control means, then said control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the or each of its associated electronic locks.

In one preferred form the actuating means may comprise a standard public switch telephone network telephone set. Alternatively, it may comprise a computer.

In a further preferred form of control system of the present invention the first and second communication means may comprise a pager network. In an alternative form the first and second communication means may together comprise a two-way radio communication network.

According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a centralised management system adapted to monitor and provide remote control of one or more electronic locks, comprising: a central control means adapted to receive and process security status information, and to generate or enable the generation of digital data control sequences, comprising transmission codes and control codes; communication means, enabling two-way communication between said central control means and one or more electronic lock controllers; one or more electronic lock controllers, each said controller comprising a decoder having a receiver identification code, (RIC) common to all controllers in the system, and local control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, electronically connected to one or more electronic locks and/or their associated keypads, and adapted to receive and transfer security status information to the central control means via the communication means; and security status monitoring means adapted to supply security status information to the local control means; and wherein one or more electronic locks in the system, and/or their associated keypads, may be controlled remotely and in accordance with security status information, by the transmission, via the communication means, of a transmission code including the RIC which activates the controllers such that one or more selected controllers recognising its/their SIC in the transmission code will extract a control code accompanying the transmission code, said control code decoded by the corresponding decoder of the selected controllers, and if the decoded control code corresponds with a specified decoded control code of the local control means then said local control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the electronic lock(s) and/or associated keypad(s) .

According to a further aspect of the invention there is provided a method a method of controlling one or more electronic locks remotely, said method comprising: monitoring security status information relating to one or more electronic locks and/or their environment via electronic lock controllers, transferring said security status information to a central control means via communication means, for processing, transmitting a digital data control sequence comprising a transmission code and a control code, said transmission code including a receiver identification code (RIC) and site identification code (SIC), via said communication means, from the central control means to activate one or more electronic lock controllers having an RIC corresponding with that transmitted, selecting electronic lock controllers preprogrammed to match the transmitted SIC, decoding the control code received by the selected controllers, recognising specified decoded control codes in the or each controller and producing a control signal in response to the specified decoded control code, and effecting an operation on the one or more electronic lock(s) and/ or their keypad(s), connected to the controller via the control signal.

Other aspects of the present invention will become apparent from the following description which is given by way of example only and with reference to the accompanying figures.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES

Figure 1 :

Is a flow diagram showing the components and structure of a control system for electronic locks of the present invention, in one preferred form.

Figure 2:

Is a flow diagram of a control system of the present invention, in one preferred form, interconnected with a lock. Figure 3:

Is a flow diagram similar to Figure 2 in which the control system is interconnected to a lock and associated keypad.

Figure 4:

Is a flow diagram of a centrally managed control system for electronic locks, according to one aspect of the present invention.

MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

The apparatus and method of the present invention are used to remotely control the inbuilt features, including disablement and enablement, of a single or group of electronic locks and/or their associated keypads, if any. Remote control of the locks may be achieved through the use of a wide area or local radio paging-type receiver with the ability to receive transmitted control codes. Alternatively, a two-way receiver/transmitter communication means may be employed.

The control codes may disable and enable individual locks, groups of locks, or all locks, within specified groups by interrupting the power source to the locks, and/or may introduce changes in control of keypads associated with each lock, for example by remotely changing the access code or combination.

Referring to figure 1 , a system of the present invention may comprise a pager network 1 , which may be controlled by local telephone 2 and/or computer 3, one or more paging receivers 4, and associated with the or each receiver 4, a decoder 5, a control means 6 and an electronic lock 7. The pager network 1 may be a wide area pager network as used by the public in transmission and reception of information to remote pager receivers. It may alternatively be a two-way communication system, such as a two-way radio communication network. In the latter case information about the status of each lock and its associated environment (security status information), could be transmitted back to the computer (Figure 1 ) or centralised dispatcher bureau (Figure 4).

Referring again to Figure 1 , control messages transmitted by the pager network 1 may be actuated either by a standard public switch to telephone network (PSTN) telephone set or by a control system installed on a computer electronically connected to the paging network via a modem link. In either event, a digital data control sequence or control message is entered on the key pad of the telephone or entered or generated via the computer. This control message essentially comprises two elements, a transmission code and a control code or codes.

The transmission code comprises a Receiver Identification Code (RIC) and a Site Identification Code (SIC), and is structured such that locks may be targeted globally, by group or individually.

The receiver 4 receives a transmission code. If the RIC corresponds with the RIC of the decoder 5 then the decoder 5 is activated and extracts or receives the SIC and control code. The control means 6 is electronically connected to one or more electronic locks and is programmed to match an SIC and to recognise specified control codes contained within the decoded control code. In response to such specified control codes the control means then transmits an appropriate control signal to the electronic lock or locks 7. This control signal will interfere with the power supply to the lock or locks. Essentially the control signal may act on a relay acting on the power supply to the lock or locks; one control code would cause interruption of the power supply and a second code would restore the power supply.

Thus, the control signal produced by the control means 6 may override any time delay features and dual combinations in a lock or locks, but it will not, under these circumstances, open or close the lock. It merely disables or enables the lock or locks, and therefore removes control of the lock from an authorised user.

Also, because the signal from the control means acts on the power supply to the lock, it will be apparent to any user or abuser that the iock and associated key pad have been disabled.

A control means of the present invention may be adapted to recognise a plurality of control codes and may be interconnected with the keypad as well as the lock itself. Each control code would be directed to the control of a particular function of a lock or its associated keypad. By this means the control system of the present invention may, for example, change the access code to a lock or locks, and operate the opening and closing of locks in addition to enabling and disabling the locks. Referring now to Figures 2 to 4, it can be seen that a control means (corresponding with the control means 6 of Figure 1 ) of an electronic locks control system of the present invention may receive information about its lock and/or keypad and/or local environment for feedback to the computer at a remote location, as well as receiving and operating on control instructions from that remote source. In one embodiment the control means may be connected to an existing site alarm panel in a building. Such site alarm panels are generally connected by a telecommunication network to a centralised alarm bureau. Information transmitted from the control means to the site alarm panel could therefore be relayed to the computer at a centralised dispatcher bureau dedicated to the control of locks in a particular electronic locks control system or network. The centralised dispatcher bureau may be a station or office in the centralised alarm bureau, an independent organisation controlling any number of networks of electronic locks control systems, or simply an office or station in the offices of the owner of a particular network. Whatever the location, the centralised dispatcher bureau controls the computer and wide area communications network which transmits messages or codes to the control means.

Examples of information which may be received by the centralised dispatcher bureau via the site alarm panel may include: status of the lock, status of the door associated with the lock, "duress status" (i.e. an indication that the keypad has been tampered with or the lock opened without authority) and/or lock and door status of any security enclosure (for example where the controlled lock is on an automatic teller machine or vault itself in a secure enclosure; and if the door to the enclosure is not locked then the lock to the vault or safe may not be opened). Such information is described herein as "security status information".

It will be appreciated that with an electronic locks control system of the present invention incorporating a wide area transmitter/receiver communications network the security status information received by the control means may be transmitted back to the computer of the centralised dispatcher bureau without the need for a telecommunication link via a site alarm panel.

Figures 2 and 3 show, by means of flow diagrams, the information received by and transmitted from the control means. In the embodiment of Figure 2 the control means acts only to enable or disable its associated lock. In contrast in the embodiment of Figure 3 the control means may act to enable/disable its lock and may also provide centralised control of the access code or combination.

Remote control of the access code or combination to the lock, together with the transfer of information about the status of the keypad to the computer (see Figure 4) enables a system of the present invention to have a very high level of security by enabling rolling codes to be employed in the keypad, e.g. randomly generated access codes.

Furthermore, centralised combination control enables prompt and simultaneous changing of access codes or combinations to a lock or group of locks in appropriate circumstances, e.g when an authorised employee leaves a company.

Whilst the invention has been described with reference to banking security, in particular bank vaults, automatic teller machines and the like, it will be appreciated that an electronic locks control system of the present invention has broad application for security in general, including building security, vendor machine security and the like.

It will also be appreciated that there may be any number of electronic locks in a control system of the present invention, in many different and dispersed locations. Essentially, each lock has its own receiver or transmitter/ receiver, decoder and control means, and it is the transmission code which enables each lock to be uniquely or collectively controlled. When collectively controlled, it will be appreciated that the present control system enables substantially simultaneous remote control of a plurality of electronic locks at one or multiple sites within the scope of the pager or transmitter/receiver network.

Where in the foregoing description reference has been made to specific components and integers of the invention having known equivalents then such equivalents are herein incorporated as if individually set forth

Although the invention has been described by way of example, and with particular reference to various embodiments thereof, it should be appreciated that variations and modifications may be made thereto without departing from the scope of the invention as herein defined.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1 . A control unit adapted to control one or more electronic locks, compπsing:
- a communication means adapted to receive radio waves,
- a decoder having a receiver identification code (RIC), and
- control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, and electronically connected to one or more electronic locks, said control unit activated by receipt of a transmission code including the RIC and SIC, and when activated said control unit extracts a control code accompanying said transmission code, said control code decoded by the decoder, and if the decoded control code corresponds with one or more of the specified decoded control codes of the control means then said control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the or each electronic lock.
2. A control unit according to claim 1 wherein the control signal controls the power supply to the electronic lock or locks
3 A control unit according to either claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the control signal effects an operation on the electronic lock and/or any associated keypad.
4 A control unit according to any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the communication means comprises a receiver/transmitter. 5. A control unit according to claim 4 wherein the control means is further adapted to monitor security status information relating to the electronic lock(s) and/or keypad(s) and/or their environment, and to relay said security status information to the communication means for transmission.
6. A control unit according to claim 5 wherein the security status information includes lock status, door status (in which the lock is located), keypad operation status, and/or security enclosure status, including status of an external door and/or external door lock of an access door to any security enclosure of the electronic lock.
7. A control system adapted to provide remote control of one or more electronic locks, comprising:
- first communication means;
- actuating means adapted to enable the entry of a digital data control sequence, comprising a transmission code and a control code, for transmission by the first communication means; and
- one or more control units, the or each unit comprising a second communication means adapted to receive radio waves, a decoder having a receiver identification code (RIC) common to all units in the system, and control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, and electronically connected to one or more electronic locks and/or their associated keypads, the or each said control unit activated by receipt of transmission from the first communication means of a transmission code including the RIC, such that one or more selected control means recognising its SIC in the transmission code will extract a control code accompanying the transmission code, said control code decoded by the corresponding decoder of selected control means, and if the decoded control code corresponds with a specified decoded control code of the selected control means, then said control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the or each of its associated electronic locks.
8. A control system according to claim 7 wherein the control signal controls the power supply to the electronic lock or locks
9 A control system according to either claim 7 or claim 8 wherein the control signal effects an operation on the electronic lock and/or any associated keypad.
10 A control system according to any one of claims 7 to 9 wherein the actuating means compπses a standard public switch telephone network telephone set.
1 1 A control system according to any one of claims 7 to 10 wherein the first and second communication means comprise a pager network
1 2. A control system according to any one of claims 7 to 9 wherein the first and second communication means together comprise a two-way radio communication network.
1 3. A control system according to claim 1 2 wherein the actuating means comprises a computer.
14. A control system according to claim 1 3 wherein the each or each control means is further adapted to monitor security status information relating to the electronic lock(s) and/or keypad(s) and/or their environment, and to relay said security status information to the second communication means for transmission to the first communication means and monitoring/processing by said computer.
1 5. A centralised management system adapted to monitor and provide remote control of one or more electronic locks, comprising:
- a central control means adapted to receive and process security status information, and to generate or enable the generation of digital data control sequences, comprising transmission codes and control codes;
- communication means, enabling two-way communication between said central control means and one or more electronic lock controllers;
- one or more electronic lock controllers, each said controller comprising a decoder having a receiver identification code, (RIC) common to all controllers in the system, and local control means programmed to match a site identification code (SIC), to respond to one or more specified decoded control codes, electronically connected to one or more electronic locks and/or their associated keypads, and adapted to receive and transfer security status information to the central control means via the communication means; and - security status monitoring means adapted to supply security status information to the local control means; and wherein one or more electronic locks in the system, and/or their associated keypads, may be controlled remotely and in accordance with security status information, by the transmission, via the communication means, of a transmission code including the RIC which activates the controllers such that one or more selected controllers recognising its/their SIC in the transmission code will extract a control code accompanying the transmission code, said control code decoded by the corresponding decoder of the selected controllers, and if the decoded control code corresponds with a specified decoded control code of the local control means then said local control means produces a control signal to effect an operation on the electronic lock(s) and/or associated keypad(s)
6. A centralised management system according to claim 1 5 wherem the communication means comprises transmitting means associated with the central control means and adapted to transmit radio frequency signals to receiving means associated with the or each electronic lock controller, and a telecommunication network for transmitting security status information from the electronic lock controllers to the central control means. 7. A centralised management system according to claim 1 5 wherein the communication means comprises a two-way radio communication network.
8 A centralised management system according to any one of claims 1 5 to 1 7 wherein the security status information comprises electronic lock status, door status for the door secured by the electronic lock, keypad operation status, and/or security enclosure status including status of an external door and/or door lock of an access door to any security enclosure of the electronic lock.
9. A method of controlling one or more electronic locks remotely, said method comprising:
- monitoring security status information relating to one or more electronic locks and/or their environment via electronic lock controllers,
- transferring said security status information to a central control means via communication means, for processing,
- transmitting a digital data control sequence comprising a transmission code and a control code, said transmission code including a receiver identification code (RIC) and site identification code (SIC), via said communication means, from the central control means to activate one or more electronic lock controllers having an RIC corresponding with that transmitted,
- selecting electronic lock controllers preprogrammed to match the transmitted SIC, - decoding the control code received by the selected controllers,
- recognising specified decoded control codes in the or each controller and producing a control signal in response to the specified decoded control code, and
- effecting an operation on the one or more electronic lock(s) and/or their keypad(s), connected to the controller via the control signal.
20. A method according to claim 1 9 wherein the communication means comprises a two-way radio communication network.
21 . A control unit adapted to control one or more electronic locks substantially as herein described and with reference to the accompanying figures.
22. A control system adapted to provide remote control of one or more electronic locks substantially as herein described or with reference to the accompanying figures.
23. A centralised management system adapted to monitor and provide remote control of one or more electronic locks substantially as herein described and with reference to the accompanying figures.
EP19960943403 1995-12-20 1996-12-20 Remote control of electronic locking systems Withdrawn EP0874945A4 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NZ28072395 1995-12-20
NZ28072395 1995-12-20
PCT/NZ1996/000147 WO1997022772A1 (en) 1995-12-20 1996-12-20 Remote control of electronic locking systems

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0874945A1 true EP0874945A1 (en) 1998-11-04
EP0874945A4 true true EP0874945A4 (en) 1999-04-28

Family

ID=19925591

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19960943403 Withdrawn EP0874945A4 (en) 1995-12-20 1996-12-20 Remote control of electronic locking systems

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0874945A4 (en)
KR (1) KR20000064498A (en)
WO (1) WO1997022772A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19812210C1 (en) * 1998-03-19 1999-05-06 Siemens Ag Motor vehicle unauthorised usage prevention device
WO2001040605A1 (en) * 1999-11-30 2001-06-07 Bording Data A/S An electronic key device, a system and a method of managing electronic key information
US7212098B1 (en) 2000-09-21 2007-05-01 Myspace, Llc Portable security container
DE102006015320B4 (en) * 2006-03-30 2011-06-30 INSYS MICROELECTRONICS GmbH, 93047 lock system
US8063734B2 (en) 2006-11-06 2011-11-22 Harrow Products Llc Access control system wherein the remote device is automatically updated with a central user list from the central station upon use of the remote device
EP2674922A1 (en) * 2012-06-11 2013-12-18 Alcatel Lucent Protection at network element location

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3927994A1 (en) * 1989-08-24 1991-02-28 Rainer M Lutz Coded access system for motor vehicle - contains microprocessor with card reader in vehicle controlling power supply etc. depending on insertion of encoded card
EP0416792A2 (en) * 1989-09-06 1991-03-13 Incomefirst Limited Access control devices and systems incorporating such devices
WO1993014571A1 (en) * 1992-01-09 1993-07-22 Supra Products, Inc. Secure entry system with radio communication

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4727369A (en) * 1984-06-29 1988-02-23 Sielox Systems, Inc. Electronic lock and key system
US5397884A (en) * 1993-10-12 1995-03-14 Saliga; Thomas V. Electronic kay storing time-varying code segments generated by a central computer and operating with synchronized off-line locks

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3927994A1 (en) * 1989-08-24 1991-02-28 Rainer M Lutz Coded access system for motor vehicle - contains microprocessor with card reader in vehicle controlling power supply etc. depending on insertion of encoded card
EP0416792A2 (en) * 1989-09-06 1991-03-13 Incomefirst Limited Access control devices and systems incorporating such devices
WO1993014571A1 (en) * 1992-01-09 1993-07-22 Supra Products, Inc. Secure entry system with radio communication

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of WO9722772A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO1997022772A1 (en) 1997-06-26 application
EP0874945A1 (en) 1998-11-04 application
KR20000064498A (en) 2000-11-06 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5166664A (en) Warning method and apparatus and parallel correlator particularly useful therein
US4228424A (en) Central station alarm
US5587701A (en) Portable alarm system
US6664888B1 (en) Method and apparatus for enabling and disabling certain functions of an automobile
US4962449A (en) Computer security system having remote location recognition and remote location lock-out
US5451757A (en) Apparatus and method for controlled access to a secured location
US4568998A (en) Electronic code controlled deadbolt
US4755792A (en) Security control system
US3911397A (en) Access control assembly
US4686529A (en) Remote-control lock system
US6102286A (en) Integrated data entry system including a card proximity sensor for security access control
US7734906B2 (en) System and method for panel linking in a security system
US4509093A (en) Electronic locking device having key and lock parts interacting via electrical pulses
US6508397B1 (en) Self-defense ATM
US5714933A (en) System for protection of goods against theft
US4937855A (en) Building security system
US4744021A (en) Computer controlled deadbolts
US5979754A (en) Door lock control apparatus using paging communication
US5673034A (en) Security system comprising three apparatuses sharing a time-varying code
US5103474A (en) Drive-by personnel monitoring system with radio link
US4916443A (en) Method and apparatus for compiling data relating to operation of an electronic lock system
US5070442A (en) Computerized door locking and monitoring system using power-line carrier components
US4929880A (en) Electronic lock system with battery conservation features
US5046084A (en) Electronic real estate lockbox system with improved reporting capability
US5596317A (en) Vehicle safety device with electronically coded access authorization

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19980630

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): CH DE FR GB IT LI

A4 Despatch of supplementary search report

Effective date: 19990311

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A4

Designated state(s): CH DE FR GB IT LI

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20020702