EP0854610A2 - Ethernet communication redundancy method - Google Patents

Ethernet communication redundancy method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0854610A2
EP0854610A2 EP19980100463 EP98100463A EP0854610A2 EP 0854610 A2 EP0854610 A2 EP 0854610A2 EP 19980100463 EP19980100463 EP 19980100463 EP 98100463 A EP98100463 A EP 98100463A EP 0854610 A2 EP0854610 A2 EP 0854610A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
data
ethernet communication
reception
communication line
system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19980100463
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0854610A3 (en )
Inventor
Toru Imanaka
Yumiko Otsuka
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Azbil Corp
Original Assignee
Azbil Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. local area networks [LAN], wide area networks [WAN]
    • H04L12/40Bus networks
    • H04L12/40169Flexible bus arrangements
    • H04L12/40176Flexible bus arrangements involving redundancy
    • H04L12/40189Flexible bus arrangements involving redundancy by using a plurality of bus systems

Abstract

In a redundancy method for Ethernet communication between a plurality of nodes constituting a distributed control system, the nodes are connected to each other in a duplex state through first and second Ethernet communication lines which are independent of each other. A node on the transmission side transmits identical data to both the first and second Ethernet communication lines. A node on the reception side determines one of the identical data received from the node on the transmission side through the first and second Ethernet communication lines which has arrived first as reception data.

Description

Background of the Invention

The present invention relates to an Ethernet communication redundancy method and, more particularly, to an Ethernet communication redundancy method of making a communication system redundant between a plurality of nodes connected to each other through Ethernet communication lines to constitute a distributed control system.

In general, in a distributed control system (DCS) for controlling each node to be controlled by using a corresponding one of a plurality of nodes (terminals), a communication system for connecting the respective nodes is made redundant to increase the operation rate of the overall system, thereby efficiently controlling the system. When a communication scheme using a token, e.g., token passing, is used as a communication scheme between the respective nodes, since the cyclic period of the token can be calculated, disconnection in the communication system or the like can be detected by checking this cyclic cycle.

Assume that a communication scheme using such a token is used as the communication system of a distributed control system. In this case, a system and method which switch redundant systems for communication in response to disconnection or a communication failure in this communication system as a trigger are conceivable.

As personal computers become widespread and improve in performance, personal computers connected as nodes through Ethernet are now in increasing demand. The communication system of a distributed control system may therefore be made redundant by using Ethernet widely used in the field of personal computers.

In such a conventional redundancy method, however, when one Ethernet communication line is used for a communication system, since the communication line is shared by a plurality of nodes, the time taken for communication greatly varies due to contention control and the like. For this reason, this method cannot be used for a distributed control system which is required to exchange measurement data and control commands without any great delay.

For example, in Ethernet, CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection) is used as a contention control method. According to this method, when one communication line is shared by a plurality of nodes, data is transmitted to the communication line after it is determined that the communication line is not in use. If, therefore, different nodes simultaneously start transmitting data, a collision occurs.

The probability of occurrence of collision increases as the number of nodes and the communication frequency increase. When a collision occurs, retry is performed (for example, 16 times = several hundred ms on the MAC layer). In this case, the time required for communication greatly varies. This method cannot therefore be used for process control that is required to exchange measurement data and control commands without any great delay.

In a redundancy scheme designed to switch communication lines, when a failure occurs in one of the communication lines, the failed communication line must be repaired while communication is performed exclusively through the normal communication line.

Summary of the Invention

It is an object of the present invention to provide an Ethernet communication redundancy method which can exchange measurement data and control commands without any great delay.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an Ethernet communication redundancy method which need not switch communication lines.

In order to achieve the above objects, according to the present invention, there is provided a redundancy method for Ethernet communication between a plurality of nodes constituting a distributed control system, comprising the steps of connecting said nodes to each other in a duplex state through first and second Ethernet communication lines which are independent of each other, causing a node on a transmission side to transmit identical data to both the first and second Ethernet communication lines, and causing a node on a reception side to determine one of the identical data received from the node on the transmission side through the first and second Ethernet communication lines which has arrived first as reception data.

Brief Description of the Drawings

  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram showing a distributed control system using Ethernet communication according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a view for explaining the format of transmission data which is used in the system in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 is a flow chart showing transmission processing in the system in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 4 is a flow chart showing reception processing in the system in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 5 is a flow chart showing reception processing in a distributed control system using Ethernet communication according to the second embodiment of the present invention; and
  • Fig. 6 is a flow chart showing abnormality detection processing in the system according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
Description of the Preferred Embodiments

The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 shows a distributed control system using Ethernet communication according to an embodiment of the present invention. Referring to Fig. 1, a system-A communication line 1 and a system-B communication line 2 are communication lines used to perform Ethernet communication between a plurality of nodes such as nodes 10 and 20. With this arrangement, communication to be performed between the respective nodes is duplexed.

The nodes 10 and 20 are respectively constituted by system-A devices 11 and 21 serving as interfaces for exchanging data through the system-A communication line 1, system-B devices 12 and 22 serving as interfaces for exchanging data through the system-B communication line 2, buffer sections 13 and 23 for temporarily storing data to be transmitted/received, system-A reception queues 14 and 24 for storing pieces of information for the management of the data received through the system-A communication line 1, system-B reception queues 15 and 25 for storing pieces of information for the management of the data received through the system-B communication line 2, and control sections 16 and 26 for controlling data transmission/reception processing in accordance with commands from upper applications 17 and 27.

Data transmission from the node 10 to the node 20 will be described next with reference to Figs. 3 and 4.

The control section 16 of the node 10 on the transmission side starts the transmission processing shown in Fig. 3 in accordance with a transmission command from the upper application 17. First of all, the control section 16 adds a data identifier for identifying transmission data to the transmission data received from the upper application 17 (step S101).

In this case, as shown in Fig. 2, the transmission data includes a header portion 5 in which various pieces of control information used for Ethernet are stored, a data portion 6 as the essential transmission data to be transmitted, and a data identifier 7 for identifying the contents of the data portion 6. In the header portion 5, for example, addresses indicating source and destination nodes are stored by the system-A device 11 and the system-B device 12.

In the data portion 6, data obtained by adding the data identifier 7 to the data received from the upper application 17 is stored by the control section 16. As this data identifier 7, a unique value in an interval sufficiently longer than the interval between the instant at which the identifier is added and the instant at which reception processing is performed in the node on the reception side is used in consideration of various types of transmission delays. In practice, as the data identifier 7, one of consecutive sequence numbers circulating with a length that satisfies the requirement for the above interval when data are transmitted at the shortest data transmission intervals, or a combination of such a sequence number and information indicating the node on the transmission side is used.

The transmission data generated in this manner is stored in each of predetermined transmission areas in the buffer section 13 which are arranged in correspondence with the system-A device 11 and the system-B device 12. The system-A device 11 and the system-B device 12 respectively check the corresponding predetermined transmission areas in the buffer section 13 at a predetermined timing. When the transmission data are stored in the buffer section 13, the system-A device 11 and the system-B device 12 add the header portions 5 to the data, and transmit the resultant data upon checking whether the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2 are available (steps S102 and S103). With this operation, the transmission data from the upper application 17 are concurrently transmitted from the node 10 to both the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2.

The control section 26 of the node 20 on the reception side starts the reception processing shown in Fig. 4 in accordance with a reception command from the upper application 27. First of all, the control section 26 checks whether reception data are stored in predetermined reception areas in the buffer section 23 (step S111). Note that the buffer section 23 has independent reception areas for temporarily storing reception data in correspondence with the system-A device 21 and the system-B device 22.

The system-A device 21 and the system-B device 22 always check the header portions 5 of data flowing in the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2. Each device receives transmission data addressed thereto and stores it in the corresponding reception area in the buffer section 23. As described above, the control section 26 checks the respective reception areas in the buffer section 23 which correspond to the system-A device 21 and the system-B device 22 in step S111. If reception data is stored in none of the reception areas, the control section 26 notifies the upper application 27 of the corresponding information (step S116), and terminates the reception processing.

If reception data is stored in any of the reception areas in the buffer section 23, the control section 26 checks whether the reception data is stored in the reception area corresponding to the system-A device 21 or the system-B device 22 (step S112). If the reception data is stored in the reception area corresponding to the system-A device 21, i.e., the reception data is received from the system-A communication line 1, the control section 26 checks whether data identical to the reception data has already been received from the system-B communication line 2 (step S113).

Whether data identical to the reception data has already been received, i.e., whether the received data is the first reception data of the identical data concurrently transmitted to the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2, is determined by referring to a reception queue in the other system.

In the system-A reception queue 24 and the system-B reception queue 25, pieces of identification information indicating received data, e.g., the data identifiers 7 in Fig. 2 which were added to the transmission data when they were transmitted, are registered. In step S113, therefore, the control section 26 refers to the system-B reception queue 25 to check whether there is identification information indicating data identical to the reception data. If the identical reception data has not been received, the identification information indicating the reception data is registered in the system-A reception queue 24 (step S114).

Subsequently, the control section 26 notifies the upper application 27 of the reception data (step S116), and terminates the reception processing.

If it is determined in step S113 that identical reception data has already been received, the system-A reception data received later is discarded, and the identification information indicating data identical to the A-system reception data is deleted from the system-B reception queue 25 (step S115). Thereafter, the flow returns to step S111 to check the presence/absence of reception data.

If it is determined in step S112 that reception data is stored in the reception area corresponding to the system-B device 22, i.e., reception data is received from the system-B communication line 2, the control section 26 refers to the system-A reception queue 24 to check whether data identical to the reception data has already been received from the system-A communication line 1 (step S123). If no data identical to the reception data has been received, identification information indicating the reception data is registered in the system-B reception queue 25 (step S124).

After this operation, the control section 26 notifies the upper application 27 of the reception data (step S116), and terminates the reception processing.

If it is determined in step S123 that identical reception data has already been received, the system-B reception data received later is discarded, and identification information indicating data identical to the system-B reception data is deleted from the system-A reception queue 24 (step S125). The flow then returns to step S111 to check the presence/absence of reception data.

According to this embodiment, the respective nodes are connected through the two Ethernet communication lines, i.e., the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2. The node 10 on the transmission side concurrently transmits transmission data to the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2. The node 20 on the reception side checks whether data identical to the reception data received from one of the system-A communication line 1 and the system-B communication line 2 has already been received from the other communication line, i.e., the reception data is the first data. If no identical data has been received, the upper application is notified of the reception data. If identical reception data has been received, the data is discarded. With this operation, variations in the time required for communication due to collisions can be reduced, and measurement data and control commands can be exchanged without any great delay as compared with the communication system using one Ethernet communication line.

The node 10 on the transmission side transmits transmission data upon adding a data identifier for identifying the transmission data. The node 20 on the reception side checks on the basis of the data identifier added to the reception data whether data identical to the reception data has already been received. With this operation, the presence/absence of identical data can be accurately determined. This system is therefore optimal for process control in which identical measurement data and the like may be consecutively transmitted.

The second embodiment of the present invention will be described next with reference to Figs. 5 and 6. Note that since the system configuration and the data format in this embodiment are the same as those described with reference to Figs. 1 and 2, a description thereof will be omitted. The processing in the second embodiment differs from that in the first embodiment in that system-A and system-B communication abnormality detection processing and associated processing are added to reception processing, and pieces of identification information indicating received data and pieces of corresponding reception time information are stored in the system-A and system-B reception queues in the node on the reception side to perform abnormality detection.

Data transmission from a node 10 to a node 20 in the second embodiment will be described below. First of all, a control section 16 of the node 10 on the transmission side starts the transmission processing shown in Fig. 3 in accordance with a transmission command from an upper application 17. This transmission processing is the same as that described above, and hence a description thereof will be omitted. With this transmission processing, transmission data from the upper application 17 are concurrently transmitted from the node 10 to both a system-A communication line 1 and a system-B communication line 2.

A control section 26 of the node 20 on the reception side starts the reception processing shown in Fig. 5 in accordance with a reception command from a an upper application 27. Note that the same step numbers in Fig. 5 denote the same steps as in Fig. 4, and a description thereof will be omitted.

If it is determined in step S112 that reception data has been stored in a reception area corresponding to a system-A device 21, i.e., reception data has been received from the system-A communication line 1, the control section 26 checks whether the system A is set in an abnormal communication state (step S118). Detection of a communication abnormality in each system is periodically executed by the abnormality detection processing shown in Fig. 6 independently of transmission processing and reception processing.

If it is determined in step S118 that the system A is set in the abnormal communication state, since new data has been normally received, the control section 26 determines that the communication state is normal, and restores the communication state of the system A to the normal state (step S119). The control section 26 then checks whether data identical to the reception data from the system A has been received from the system-B communication line 2 (step S113). If it is determined in step S118 that the communication state is normal, the flow also advances to step S113.

Pieces of identification information indicating received data, e.g., data identifiers 7 shown in Fig. 2 added to transmission data when they are transmitted, and pieces of corresponding reception time information are stored in system-A and system-B reception queues 24 and 25. In step S113, the control section 26 refers to the system-B reception queue 25 to check whether there is identification information indicating data identical to the reception data. If no identical reception data has been received, the control section 26 registers the identification information indicating the reception data in the system-A reception queue 24 (step S114).

If it is determined in step S112 that reception data has been stored in a reception area corresponding to a system-B device 22, i.e., reception data has been received from the system-B communication line 2, the control section 26 checks whether the system B is set in the abnormal communication state (step S128). If the system B is set in the abnormal communication state, since new data has been normally received, the control section 26 determines that the communication state is normal, and restores the communication state of the system B to the normal state (step S129).

The control section 26 then checks whether data identical to the reception data has been received from the system-A communication line 1 (step S123). If it is determined in step S128 that the communication state of the system B is normal, the flow also advances to step S123.

The control section 26 of the node 20 periodically executes the abnormality detection processing shown in Fig. 6 independently of the reception processing described with reference to Fig. 5.

First of all, the control section 26 checks whether reception data is registered in the system-A reception queue 24 (step S131). If any reception data are registered, the reception times of all the registered reception data are compared with the current time to check whether any reception data has undergone a predetermined timeout after the reception time (step S132).

If any reception data has undergone the predetermined timeout after the reception time, the control section 26 determines that data identical to the reception data in the system A has not received in the system B after the lapse of the timeout period, and reception abnormality has occurred in the system B, and sets the system B in the abnormal communication state (step S133). The control section 26 then deletes information about the reception data having undergone the timeout from the system-A reception queue 24 (step S134).

Subsequently, in steps S135 to S138, abnormality detection processing for the system B is executed in the same manner as the abnormality detection processing for the system A in steps S131 to S134.

According to this embodiment, the pieces of identification information and received data and the pieces of corresponding reception time information are registered in the system-A reception queue 24 and the system-B reception queue 25. When a timeout occurs in one system after the reception of data, and no data is received in the other system, it is determined that communication abnormality has occurred in the other system, and the information registered in the reception queue is deleted. With this operation, the occurrence of communication abnormality can be accurately determined. In addition, even if communication abnormality occurs in the other system, and reception of identical data cannot be checked, the reception queue in the normal system does not overflow, and reception processing for subsequent data can be accurately performed.

When new data is received from a system in the abnormal communication state, the communication state of this system is restored to the normal state. Even if, therefore, communication abnormality occurs accidentally or temporarily, the communication state of the system can be automatically restored to the normal state, thereby greatly reducing the maintenance load required to restore from the abnormal state.

As has been described above, according to the present invention, variations in the time required for communication due to collisions and the like can be reduced, and measurement data and control commands can be exchanged without any great delay as compared with a system using one Ethernet communication line as a communication system.

In addition, since it is checked on the basis of a data identifier added to reception data on the node on the transmission side whether the reception data is the first received data, the reception of identical data can be easily determined. Therefore, this system can also be used for process control in which identical measurement data and the like may be consecutively transmitted.

Furthermore, since the timeout of reception data is monitored to check the occurrence of communication abnormality in one of Ethernet communication lines, the occurrence of communication abnormality can be accurately determined. In addition, reception processing for subsequent data can be accurately executed.

Moreover, the communication state of an Ethernet communication line is restored to the normal state in accordance with the reception state. Even if, therefore, communication abnormality occurs accidentally or temporarily, the communication state of the system can be automatically restored to the normal state, thereby greatly reducing the maintenance load required to restore from the abnormal state.

Claims (7)

  1. A redundancy method for Ethernet communication between a plurality of nodes (10, 20) constituting a distributed control system, characterized by comprising the steps of:
    connecting said nodes to each other in a duplex state through first and second Ethernet communication lines (1, 2) which are independent of each other;
    causing a node on a transmission side to transmit identical data to both the first and second Ethernet communication lines; and
    causing a node on a reception side to determine one of the identical data received from the node on the transmission side through the first and second Ethernet communication lines which has arrived first as reception data.
  2. A method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of causing the node on the transmission side to add a data identifier for identifying data to data to be transmitted, and
       wherein the step of causing the node on the reception side to determine comprises checking on the basis of the data identifier added to the data from the node on the transmission side whether the data from the node on the transmission side is data that has arrived first through one of the first and second Ethernet communication lines.
  3. A method according to claim 2, wherein the step of causing the node on the reception side to determine comprises the steps of:
    independently receiving data transmitted through the first and second Ethernet communication lines and temporarily storing the data;
    storing data identifiers of the received data in correspondence with the first and second Ethernet communication lines; and
       when the data identifier of the data transmitted through the first Ethernet communication line is not stored in correspondence with the second Ethernet communication line, determining that the temporarily stored data is reception data.
  4. A method according to claim 3, further comprising the steps of:
    causing the node on the reception side to store the data identifiers of the received data and pieces of reception time information of the data in correspondence with the first and second Ethernet communication lines;
       when the data identifier of the data transmitted through the second Ethernet communication line is stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line, deleting the data identifier and the reception time information of the data stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line;
    determining whether the data identifier stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line has undergone a lapse of a predetermined time after a reception time of the stored data; and
       when the determination result indicates that the predetermined time has elapsed, deleting the data identifier and the reception time information of the data which are stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line.
  5. A method according to claim 4, further comprising the steps of:
       when the determination result indicates that the predetermined time has elapsed, setting the second Ethernet communication line in an abnormal communication state; and
       when data is normally received through the second Ethernet communication line set in the abnormal communication state, restoring the abnormal communication state of the second Ethernet communication line to a normal state.
  6. A method according to claim 4, further comprising the step of, when a data identifier of data transmitted through the second Ethernet communication line is stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line, discarding the data temporarily stored through the second Ethernet communication line.
  7. A method according to claim 1, further comprising the steps of:
    causing the node on the reception side to store pieces of reception time information of data in correspondence with the first and second Ethernet communication lines; and
       when data identical to the data received through the first Ethernet communication line is not received through the second Ethernet communication line even when a predetermined time has elapsed after a reception time of the registered data, determining that communication abnormality has occurred in the second Ethernet communication line, and deleting the reception time information of the data stored in correspondence with the first Ethernet communication line.
EP19980100463 1997-01-16 1998-01-13 Ethernet communication redundancy method Withdrawn EP0854610A3 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP5344/97 1997-01-16
JP534497A JPH10200552A (en) 1997-01-16 1997-01-16 Redundant method using ethernet communication
JP534497 1997-01-16

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0854610A2 true true EP0854610A2 (en) 1998-07-22
EP0854610A3 true EP0854610A3 (en) 2001-11-21

Family

ID=11608604

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19980100463 Withdrawn EP0854610A3 (en) 1997-01-16 1998-01-13 Ethernet communication redundancy method

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US6282669B1 (en)
EP (1) EP0854610A3 (en)
JP (1) JPH10200552A (en)
CN (1) CN1110173C (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999063701A2 (en) * 1998-06-03 1999-12-09 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Arrangement, system and method relating to data/telecommunication for providing fault tolerant communication
WO2000028715A1 (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-18 Honeywell Inc. Fault-tolerant networking
EP1071244A2 (en) * 1999-06-22 2001-01-24 Tenovis GmbH & Co. KG Communication network with redundant paths
US6339087B1 (en) 1997-08-18 2002-01-15 Syntex (U.S.A.) Llc Cyclic amine derivatives-CCR-3 receptor antagonists
EP1242901A1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2002-09-25 Diva Systems Corporation Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
EP1309131A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-05-07 Airbus France Method for implementation of a full-duplex switched Ethernet redundant communication network
EP1536594A1 (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-06-01 Hitachi, Ltd. Redundant information transmission system based on two parallel transmission lines and corresponding method
EP1538812A1 (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-06-08 Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'electricite System for redundantly exchanging information parts
EP1657888A1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-05-17 Abb Research Ltd. Reception of redundant and non-redundant frames
EP1675346A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-28 Fujitsu Limited Communication system
EP1262040B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2007-10-10 Honeywell International, Inc. Non-fault tolerant network nodes in a multiple fault tolerant network
DE102006042131A1 (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-03-27 Siemens Ag Computer system and method for exchanging data messages between computers of a computer system
US7487531B1 (en) 1999-12-10 2009-02-03 Sedna Patent Services, Llc Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
EP2088684A1 (en) 2002-11-20 2009-08-12 Hitachi, Ltd. Information transmission system and information transmission method
WO2010097347A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-09-02 Robert Bosch Gmbh Security system with control device
US8023494B2 (en) 2006-11-06 2011-09-20 Nec Corporation Communication service continuation system, communication service continuation method, and program thereof
US8184650B2 (en) * 2007-03-02 2012-05-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Filtering of redundant frames in a network node
CN102970221A (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-03-13 上海亨钧科技有限公司 Redundancy communication method among nodes based on multiple networks
DE102011086726A1 (en) * 2011-11-21 2013-05-23 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft A method for redundant communication between a user terminal and a control system server
WO2013107767A1 (en) * 2012-01-17 2013-07-25 Net Insight Intellectual Property Ab A network communication redundancy method
EP2651079A1 (en) * 2012-02-16 2013-10-16 Insta Elektro GmbH Electrical installation arrangement
EP2924928A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-09-30 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Receiver network component for operation in a communication network, communication network and method for operation of a communication network

Families Citing this family (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1042928B1 (en) * 1998-07-28 2006-10-11 Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Information transmission system
JP2000172974A (en) * 1998-12-03 2000-06-23 Toshiba Corp Detection device
US6581166B1 (en) * 1999-03-02 2003-06-17 The Foxboro Company Network fault detection and recovery
DE69911000T2 (en) * 1999-07-28 2004-05-19 Motorola, Inc., Schaumburg Apparatus and method for initializing a distributed computer system
FR2832011B1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2005-05-20 Airbus France Ethernet type communication network full duplex switch and method of operation thereof
DE10337699B4 (en) * 2003-08-16 2006-01-12 Phoenix Contact Gmbh & Co. Kg Method and apparatus for transferring data over a bus network using the broadcast principle
EP2424179B1 (en) 2004-07-14 2014-01-15 Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Corporation Packet transmission method and packet transmission device
US7392422B2 (en) * 2003-10-20 2008-06-24 Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc., Violations in a peer-to-peer relay network
CN100440746C (en) 2003-12-01 2008-12-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A method for multi-port multi-link communication network backup control and apparatus therefor
US7433302B2 (en) * 2005-05-04 2008-10-07 Micrel, Inc. Ethernet network implementing redundancy using a single category 5 cable
FI20055363A (en) * 2005-06-29 2006-12-30 Abb Oy Reduntanttinen automation communications network
US7502991B2 (en) 2005-06-30 2009-03-10 International Business Machines Corporation Redundant 3-wire communication system
CN100596357C (en) 2005-12-02 2010-03-31 浙江中控技术股份有限公司 Data translation device and system based on ethernet and serial communication technology
CN100429596C (en) 2006-01-19 2008-10-29 吴胜华;章素华;朱能飞 Collecting and distributing large capacity field high-speed real-time redundance communicating method and system thereof
CN101615968A (en) * 2009-07-27 2009-12-30 北京华环电子股份有限公司 Transmission method and device of time division multiplexing data services
CN101662700A (en) * 2009-08-28 2010-03-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and system for transferring signaling message
US9203691B2 (en) 2010-08-31 2015-12-01 Siklu Communication ltd. Fail-safe communication systems and methods
CN101980479B (en) * 2010-10-13 2015-06-10 北京航空航天大学 Method and system for testing performance of very high frequency data chain mode-two air ground communication system
JP5912923B2 (en) * 2012-06-29 2016-04-27 アズビル株式会社 Ring / star Ethernet system, the ring / star switch, and a frame transfer control method
CN102866698B (en) * 2012-09-29 2015-06-17 南京国电南自美卓控制系统有限公司 Human machine interface (HMI) redundant communication method for distributed control system controller
JP5883375B2 (en) * 2012-11-26 2016-03-15 株式会社東芝 Control signal transmission apparatus and transmission control method
CN103516571B (en) * 2013-07-22 2016-10-05 浙江中控研究院有限公司 A dual bus can ensure the reliability of the data communication system architecture and method
CN104908779B (en) * 2015-05-05 2017-11-14 南车株洲电力机车研究所有限公司 One kind of redundant data streams consist reconnection method and system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4245344A (en) * 1979-04-02 1981-01-13 Rockwell International Corporation Processing system with dual buses
US4780869A (en) * 1987-05-20 1988-10-25 Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. Local area network redundancy system
JPH04144445A (en) * 1990-10-05 1992-05-18 Nec Eng Ltd Data prereception priority selecting system for duplex line lan
JPH04278751A (en) * 1991-03-06 1992-10-05 Fujitsu Ltd System controlling communication
EP0736987A2 (en) * 1995-04-08 1996-10-09 Rover Group Limited An electrical data transmission system

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5404465A (en) * 1992-03-18 1995-04-04 Aeg Transportation Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for monitoring and switching over to a back-up bus in a redundant trainline monitor system
US5740158A (en) * 1993-10-01 1998-04-14 Hitachi, Ltd. ATM communication system
US5379278A (en) * 1993-07-16 1995-01-03 Honeywell Inc. Method of automatic communications recovery
US5805578A (en) * 1995-10-27 1998-09-08 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic reconfiguration of multipoint communication channels

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4245344A (en) * 1979-04-02 1981-01-13 Rockwell International Corporation Processing system with dual buses
US4780869A (en) * 1987-05-20 1988-10-25 Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. Local area network redundancy system
JPH04144445A (en) * 1990-10-05 1992-05-18 Nec Eng Ltd Data prereception priority selecting system for duplex line lan
JPH04278751A (en) * 1991-03-06 1992-10-05 Fujitsu Ltd System controlling communication
EP0736987A2 (en) * 1995-04-08 1996-10-09 Rover Group Limited An electrical data transmission system

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 016, no. 420 (E-1259), 4 September 1992 (1992-09-04) & JP 04 144445 A (NEC ENG LTD), 18 May 1992 (1992-05-18) *
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 017, no. 081 (E-1321), 18 February 1993 (1993-02-18) & JP 04 278751 A (FUJITSU LTD), 5 October 1992 (1992-10-05) *

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6339087B1 (en) 1997-08-18 2002-01-15 Syntex (U.S.A.) Llc Cyclic amine derivatives-CCR-3 receptor antagonists
WO1999063701A3 (en) * 1998-06-03 2000-03-02 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M Arrangement, system and method relating to data/telecommunication for providing fault tolerant communication
WO1999063701A2 (en) * 1998-06-03 1999-12-09 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Arrangement, system and method relating to data/telecommunication for providing fault tolerant communication
WO2000028715A1 (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-18 Honeywell Inc. Fault-tolerant networking
US6308282B1 (en) 1998-11-10 2001-10-23 Honeywell International Inc. Apparatus and methods for providing fault tolerance of networks and network interface cards
EP1071244A3 (en) * 1999-06-22 2002-07-03 Tenovis GmbH & Co. KG Communication network with redundant paths
EP1071244A2 (en) * 1999-06-22 2001-01-24 Tenovis GmbH & Co. KG Communication network with redundant paths
EP1242901A4 (en) * 1999-12-10 2005-07-13 Sedna Patent Services Llc Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
EP1242901A1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2002-09-25 Diva Systems Corporation Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
US7487531B1 (en) 1999-12-10 2009-02-03 Sedna Patent Services, Llc Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
US7778158B2 (en) 1999-12-10 2010-08-17 Cox Communications, Inc. Method and apparatus of load sharing and improving fault tolerance in an interactive video distribution system
EP1262040B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2007-10-10 Honeywell International, Inc. Non-fault tolerant network nodes in a multiple fault tolerant network
EP1309131A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-05-07 Airbus France Method for implementation of a full-duplex switched Ethernet redundant communication network
FR2832006A1 (en) * 2001-11-05 2003-05-09 Airbus France Process for implementation of a network of redundant communication Ethernet full-duplex type switches
US7346052B2 (en) 2001-11-05 2008-03-18 Airbus France Process for implementation of a redundant switched full-duplex ethernet type communication network
EP2088685A1 (en) 2002-11-20 2009-08-12 Hitachi, Ltd. Information transmission system and information transmission method
KR101113488B1 (en) 2002-11-20 2012-02-29 가부시키가이샤 히타치 하이코스 Information transmitting system and information transmitting method
EP2088684A1 (en) 2002-11-20 2009-08-12 Hitachi, Ltd. Information transmission system and information transmission method
EP1536594A1 (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-06-01 Hitachi, Ltd. Redundant information transmission system based on two parallel transmission lines and corresponding method
EP1538812A1 (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-06-08 Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'electricite System for redundantly exchanging information parts
US8582426B2 (en) 2004-11-16 2013-11-12 Abb Research Ltd. Reception of redundant and non-redundant frames
EP1657888A1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-05-17 Abb Research Ltd. Reception of redundant and non-redundant frames
WO2006053459A1 (en) * 2004-11-16 2006-05-26 Abb Research Ltd Reception of redundant and non-redundant frames
CN100566327C (en) 2004-12-22 2009-12-02 富士通株式会社 Communication system
EP1675346A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-28 Fujitsu Limited Communication system
US8335843B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2012-12-18 Fujitsu Limited Communication system having multiple communication lines between a transmitter and a receiver
DE102006042131A1 (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-03-27 Siemens Ag Computer system and method for exchanging data messages between computers of a computer system
WO2008028819A3 (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-08-14 Siemens Ag Computer system and method for exchange of data telegrams between computers of a computer system
DE102006042131B4 (en) * 2006-09-04 2008-12-11 Siemens Ag computer system
EP1919136B1 (en) * 2006-11-06 2015-02-25 NEC Corporation Communication Service Continuation System and Method
US8023494B2 (en) 2006-11-06 2011-09-20 Nec Corporation Communication service continuation system, communication service continuation method, and program thereof
US8184650B2 (en) * 2007-03-02 2012-05-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Filtering of redundant frames in a network node
WO2010097347A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-09-02 Robert Bosch Gmbh Security system with control device
DE102011086726A1 (en) * 2011-11-21 2013-05-23 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft A method for redundant communication between a user terminal and a control system server
DE102011086726B4 (en) * 2011-11-21 2014-04-03 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft A method for redundant communication between a user terminal and a control system server
US9559943B2 (en) 2012-01-17 2017-01-31 Net Insight Intellectual Property Ab Network communication redundancy method
RU2635263C2 (en) * 2012-01-17 2017-11-09 Нэт Инсайт Интеллекчуал Пропэти Аб Method of reservation for communication networks
WO2013107767A1 (en) * 2012-01-17 2013-07-25 Net Insight Intellectual Property Ab A network communication redundancy method
EP2651079A1 (en) * 2012-02-16 2013-10-16 Insta Elektro GmbH Electrical installation arrangement
CN102970221A (en) * 2012-10-18 2013-03-13 上海亨钧科技有限公司 Redundancy communication method among nodes based on multiple networks
CN104954105A (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-09-30 西门子公司 Receiver network component, communication network and method for operating communication network
CN104954105B (en) * 2014-03-25 2018-08-03 西门子公司 Receiver network element, a communication network and method for operating a communication network
US9832254B2 (en) 2014-03-25 2017-11-28 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Receiver network component for operation in a communication network, communication network and method for operating a communication network
EP2924928A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-09-30 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Receiver network component for operation in a communication network, communication network and method for operation of a communication network

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN1110173C (en) 2003-05-28 grant
EP0854610A3 (en) 2001-11-21 application
US6282669B1 (en) 2001-08-28 grant
CN1190835A (en) 1998-08-19 application
JPH10200552A (en) 1998-07-31 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5629685A (en) Segmentable addressable modular communication network hubs
US5781715A (en) Fault-tolerant bridge/router with a distributed switch-over mechanism
US6760766B1 (en) Data transmission method and device
US5784547A (en) Method for fault-tolerant communication under strictly real-time conditions
US4680581A (en) Local area network special function frames
US6603744B2 (en) Connection establishment method, communication method, state change transmission method, state changing method, wireless apparatus, wireless device, and computer
US5706278A (en) Deterministic network protocol
US4799052A (en) Method for communicating data on a communication network by token passing
US4984240A (en) Distributed switching architecture for communication module redundancy
US5774640A (en) Method and apparatus for providing a fault tolerant network interface controller
US4748560A (en) Occupancy control system for plural serial buses
US5875290A (en) Method and program product for synchronizing operator initiated commands with a failover process in a distributed processing system
US4745597A (en) Reconfigurable local area network
US6012150A (en) Apparatus for synchronizing operator initiated commands with a failover process in a distributed processing system
US5386512A (en) System for deriving and testing mutual capability set after receiving updated capability from other processors and before requesting service information
US4527270A (en) Communications network with stations that detect and automatically bypass faults
US5983371A (en) Active failure detection
US5283783A (en) Apparatus and method of token ring beacon station removal for a communication network
US4792947A (en) Method of multi-address communication
US5572678A (en) System for sending frames from sender to receiver using connectionless protocol and receiving acknowledging frame and retransmission request frame from receiver using connection oriented protocol
US4750109A (en) Method and system for expediting multi-packet messages in a computer network
US5371897A (en) Method for requesting identification of a neighbor node in a data processing I/O system
US4716408A (en) Data transmission system of the star type with enablement passing
US5519863A (en) Notification forwarding discriminator
US5379278A (en) Method of automatic communications recovery

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): BE DE FR GB NL

AX Request for extension of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

RIC1 Classification (correction)

Free format text: 7H 04L 12/413 A, 7H 04L 29/14 B, 7G 06F 11/16 B

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A3

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20011211

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20020325

AKX Payment of designation fees

Free format text: BE DE FR GB NL

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: YAMATAKE CORPORATION

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20051018