EP0814711A1 - Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods - Google Patents

Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods

Info

Publication number
EP0814711A1
EP0814711A1 EP19950915409 EP95915409A EP0814711A1 EP 0814711 A1 EP0814711 A1 EP 0814711A1 EP 19950915409 EP19950915409 EP 19950915409 EP 95915409 A EP95915409 A EP 95915409A EP 0814711 A1 EP0814711 A1 EP 0814711A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tip
cable
drive
catheter
comprises
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19950915409
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0814711A4 (en )
Inventor
Thomas L. Kelly
Gregory N. Nordgren
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
EVI Corp
Original Assignee
EVI Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/3205Excision instruments
    • A61B17/3207Atherectomy devices working by cutting or abrading; Similar devices specially adapted for non-vascular obstructions
    • A61B17/320758Atherectomy devices working by cutting or abrading; Similar devices specially adapted for non-vascular obstructions with a rotating cutting instrument, e.g. motor driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/22004Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves
    • A61B17/22012Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves in direct contact with, or very close to, the obstruction or concrement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0068Static characteristics of the catheter tip, e.g. shape, atraumatic tip, curved tip or tip structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0067Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the distal end, e.g. tips
    • A61M25/0082Catheter tip comprising a tool
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/0023Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets disposable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00681Aspects not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2017/00685Archimedes screw
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/22004Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves
    • A61B17/22012Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves in direct contact with, or very close to, the obstruction or concrement
    • A61B2017/22014Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves in direct contact with, or very close to, the obstruction or concrement the ultrasound transducer being outside patient's body; with an ultrasound transmission member; with a wave guide; with a vibrated guide wire
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B2017/22038Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for with a guide wire
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B17/3205Excision instruments
    • A61B17/3207Atherectomy devices working by cutting or abrading; Similar devices specially adapted for non-vascular obstructions
    • A61B17/320758Atherectomy devices working by cutting or abrading; Similar devices specially adapted for non-vascular obstructions with a rotating cutting instrument, e.g. motor driven
    • A61B2017/320766Atherectomy devices working by cutting or abrading; Similar devices specially adapted for non-vascular obstructions with a rotating cutting instrument, e.g. motor driven eccentric
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M29/00Dilators with or without means for introducing media, e.g. remedies

Abstract

Disposable intra-arterial auger and dotter instruments (20) for use in patients in clearing pathways at obstructed or nearly obstructed arterial sites are disclosed. A number of auger tips (400, 402, 470, 490, 600, 700) used on the instruments are disclosed along with a method for releasibly affixing auger tips to the instruments. In addition, a dotter tip (520, 550, 560) is disclosed for use in procedures where it is desired to open a pathway without excising material from the obstructed site. A combined auger and dotter tip (750) is disclosed for a procedure in which material displacement followed by excising of material from within an artery is accomplished without removal of the combined auger and dotter tip until the procedure is complete.

Description

- i -

INTRA-A TE Y OBSTRUCTION CLEARING APPARATUS AND METHODS

Technical Field

This invention relates to apparatus and methods used in endarterectomy and more particularly to atherectomy or augering or obstructive material displacement apparatus and methods involved in partial removal of a blood vessel obstructing or nearly obstructing atheroma to clear a pathway through the obstruction for other subsequently utilized atherectomy or endarterectomy devices employed for more complete removal of the atheroma.

Background Art

With the advent of endovascular coring and collecting catheters, the helical cutting catheter and filtration tip endovascular guide wire, it is possible not only to open but to remove all atheroma from a defined length of partially occluded arteries with minimal risk of downstream embolization. Furthermore, this can be carried out through a single entry point m the artery, as compared to earlier techniques using the Hall Loop or Cannon Dissector, both of which require two points of entry.

Exciting new apparatus and methods, such as those disclosed in U.S. Patents 5,071,424 and 5,074,871 are used to perform near total removal of an atheroma. However, when treating atheroma such as in lower limb ischemia in the superficial femoral artery, occlusions are sometimes complete cr nearly complete making use cf presently available endarterectomy apparatus ir. removal of the atheroma very difficult, if not impossible. Otherwise useful presently available endarterectomy devices require at least a portion cf the device to be Dositioned throuσh and distal tc the atheroma before excision can begin. When stenosis of a vessel is so bad that operation of the presently available endarterectomy devices is prohibited due to severe obstructive stenosis, the vessel must be at least partially opened to provide a pathway before the other endarterectomy devices can be efficaciously used.

One of the critical problems which must be addressed when clearing a pathway in a completely or nearly completely obstructed artery is binding of a cutting tip or associated sleeves and catheters within the obstruction. Another problem is clearing a pathway without excising material from the atheroma under circumstances where recovery of excised particles is difficult. Still another problem deals with a need to exchange cutting tips as a need for different pathway diameters and various hardnesses of tissue are encountered during the opening of a pathway. One further important problem is providing a clean, sterile instrument for each procedure. Parts used to clear obstructive tissue from arteries involve extremely small and intricate parts into which excised particles are often captured for recovery from an excised site. Appropriate safe and efficacious cleaning and sterilization of used instruments for reuse is usually impractical, if not impossible.

Disclosure of the Invention

In brief summary, this novel invention alleviates all of the known problems associated with establishing a pathway through an occluded or partially occluded arterial atheroma site. The invention is used to efficaciously and safely create a pathway through an occluded or partially occluded atheroma site thereby creating a pathway for passage of endarterectomy devices subsequently used to more completely remove the atheroma from the interior arterial wall.

This invention is particularly well suited to breaching stenotic sites in vessels where atheroma removal is unable to be addressed by currently available endarterectomy devices. Thus, the use of this invention permits follow-on use of endarterectomy devices in vessels initially untreatable by the currently available endarterectomy devices alone. Used in combination with the above mentioned endarterectomy devices, this invention plays a principle role in safely and efficaciously opening critically stenotic vessels.

The invention comprises a totally disposable instrument packaged into a sterility maintaining package such that no pre-use sterilization or post-use sterilization is required of an end user. The instrument comprises removable and replaceable cutting tips allowing a variable response to unpredictable problems encountered when clearing a pathway through an obstructed artery. In a first embodiment of a cutting tip, this invention comprises a material removing and retrieving part contained within the cutting tip. In a second embodiment, this invention comprises a material displacing tip. The displacing tip is distally disposed at an inserted end of the catheter and compacts or otherwise displaces material at a stenotic site to clear a pathway for blood and a subsequently used guidewire, balloon catheter or atherectomy device. This invention is also to be used as a precursor to transluminal balloon dilation and other devices which require at least a limited diametral opening past the atheroma or stenotic site.

Accordingly, it is a primary object to provide a disposable augering and coring instrument with a variety of selectable obstructed pathway opening tips.

It is another primary object to provide a disposable augering and dottering device and catheter combination which is used only during a procedure on a single patient and then thrown away.

It is an essential object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter to core, auger, or dotter its way through a partially or fully blocked body canal or blood vessel, such as a severely stenotic artery.

It is yet another primary object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter to create a pathway through a stenotic site preparatory to using other endarterectomy devices which cannot transverse a tight stenosis, but which are efficaciously used for completely opening the canal or blood vessel once the pathway is available, the pathway having a transverse diameter sufficient to pass the other endarterectomy devices and, alternatively, to permit flow of blood through the site of the stenosis.

It is a principle object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter having flexibility to track along a canal or blood vessel and to remove plaque and other objects encountered in the canal or blood vessel without injuring normal tissue found at the interface between the canal or blood vessel lumen and the internal canal or blood vessel wall surface.

It is another principle object to provide an instrument having a plurality of pathway clearing tips and used in combination with a catheter to remove a variety of materials ranging from an extremely hard calcified plaque to soft and fibrous atheroma or scar tissue without harm to the canal or blood vessel wall.

It is an important object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter to collect and retrieve substantially all material excised from the lumen of the canal or blood vessel by the device.

It is still another object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter to create a pathway through a stenotic site by displacing rather than removing material.

It is yet another object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter which displaces material by spinning or vibrating or by spinning and vibrating to create a pathway for other endarterectomy material removing devices.

It is an object to provide a device used in combination with a catheter to track along a guide wire within the canal or blood vessel to the stenotic site.

These and other objects and features of the present invention will be apparent from the detailed description taken with reference to accompanying drawings. Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 is a perspective of a disposable intra- artery pathway clearing device;

Figure 2 is a section along lines 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 2A is a circuit diagram comprising a power control switch, a battery and a motor.

Figure 3 is a section along lines 3-3 of Figure 2. Figure 4 is a section similar to the section of

Figure 2, but of a different embodiment than that of Figure 2.

Figure 5 is a section of a catheter end attachment taken along lines 5-5 of Figure 1. Figure 6 is a section similar to the section of

Figure 5, but of a different catheter end attachment.

Figure 7 is a cross section along lines 7-7 of Figure 1 comprising an augering tip and a cable driver adapter connecting the tip to a drive cable. Figure 8 is a cross section similar to Figure 7, but comprising a larger diameter augering tip and an tip diameter adjusting connector interposed between the cable driver adapter and the larger diameter augering tip. Figure 9 is an exploded view of parts adapted to connect to the cable driver adapter.

Figure 9A is a part comprising the cable driver adapter rotated 90° relative to the same part in Figure 9. Figure 9B is a side view of the tip diameter adjusting connector rotated 90° relative to the tip diameter adjusting connector seen in Figure 9.

Figure 9C is an end view of the tip of Figure 7.

Figure 10 is a perspective of a conical augering tip partially disposed in the lumen of a catheter. Figure 10A is a section along lines 10A-10A of

Figure 10 with the conical augering tip disposed for cutting inside an artery having a partially prepared pathway cut through an obstructive atheroma at the site of the conical augering tip.

Figure 11 is a perspective of a spirally configured cutting tip and associated section of a catheter.

Figure 11A is and end view of the cutting tip of Figure 11.

Figure 11B is a section along lines 11B-11B of Figure 11.

Figure 12 is a perspective of an end portion of a tip comprising a plurality of grater type cutting edges.

Figure 12A is an enlarged section along lines 12A-12A of Figure 12.

Figure 13 is a perspective comprising a screw type tip. Figure 13A is a section along lines 13A-13A of

Figure 13.

Figure 14 is a perspective comprising a self- clearing tip.

Figure 14A is a section along lines 14A-14A of Figure 14.

Figure 15 is a perspective of a dottering tip mounted on the distal end of a catheter.

Figure 15A is a section taken along lines 15A-15A of Figure 15. Figure 15B is a dottering tip similar to the tip of Figure 15, but comprising an asymmetrically weighted section.

Figure 15C is a dottering tip similar to the tip of Figure 15, but comprising an asymmetrical bulge on one side of the dottering tip. Figure 16 is a flow diagram describing a method of use of a disposable augering and dottering instrument.

Figure 17 is a perspective of a combined augering and dottering tip.

Figure 17A is a cross section along lines 17A-17A of Figure 17.

Modes for Carrying Out the Invention

In this description, the term proximal is used to indicate the segment of the device normally closest to an administerer or user of the device. The term distal refers to the other end. The term dotter refers to a side to side oscillation, such as an oscillation transverse to the longitudinal axis of a catheter. Reference is now made to the embodiments illustrated in Figures 1-16 wherein like numerals are used to designate like parts throughout.

One embodiment of this invention, seen in Figure 1, comprises a disposable mechanized instrument 10 which is used during an atherectomy procedure on but one patient and thrown away thereafter. To provide efficacious service for both patient and administerer, instrument 10 is sufficiently low in replacement cost that consideration of cleaning and sterilization is not an economic factor. Also, power supplying parts and other mechanical parts have a sufficiently long shelf life to permit use on an intermittent, on-call basis directly from storage over an extended periods, such as a period of two to five years.

Instrument 10 comprises an augering or dottering tip, generally designated 20, a hollow drive cable 30, mechanically attached to rotate tip 20, a handle 40 enclosing parts by which drive cable 30 is driven, and a catheter 50 interposed between tip 20 and handle 40 to enclose drive cable 30 therebetween. In use, tip 20 and catheter 50 of instrument 10 are inserted into an artery of a patient and delivered to the site where an artery is obstructed or at least so obstructed that other atherectomy devices, including a guide wire 162 (see Figures 2 and 4) , are unable to traverse the site. One of the primary purposes of augering or dottering tip 20 is to provide a pathway for guide wire 162 through an obstruction. On other occasions, guide wire 162 may be used as a guide for travel of tip 20 and catheter 50 within the artery.

Once delivered to the site of the obstruction, tip 20 is actuated via drive cable 30 to open a pathway tnrough the atheroma for increased blood flow and passage of other atheroma removing instruments which could not be used effectively until the pathway was opened. An important consideration in the selection and use of a tip 20 is production of a pathway through the obstruction in which tip 20 or catheter 50 does not bind and become lodged. The pathway cleared through the atheroma, therefore, comprises a sufficiently large cross section for tip 20 and catheter 50 when delivered therethrough and for a subsequently used other atherectomy device used to completely clear atheroma from the site.

A more detailed view of handle 40 and parts packaged in handle 40 is seen in Figure 2. Handle 40 comprises a housing 100 molded to enclose a battery 102, a motor 104, gears 106, 106' , and gearhead- 106" which interface the motor to a drive cable drive channel 108, and a mounting bracket 110 used to permanently and rigidly affix catheter 50 to the handle. Housing 100 is made from rigid synthetic resinous material which is able to withstand sterilization procedures, such as gas or radiation sterilization.

Housing 100 comprises a pair of mounting shells 112 and 112' , best seen in Figure 1, mounting shell 112' being a mirror image of mounting shell 112. For this reason, only details of mounting shell 112 will be provided herein. In final assembly, mounting shell 112 is permanently joined to mounting shell 112' by chemical, heat, ultrasound or other bonding techniques well known in the art to provide a durable, throw-away unit. Shells 112 and 112' may be formed by injection molding or vacuum forming techniques well known in the art. As seen in Figures 1 and 2, housing 100 provides a shape compatible for gripping with a single hand. Shell 112 comprises an enclosing side 114 orthogonally connected to a continuous perimeter 116 which surrounds half the space between side 114 and a side 114' on shell 112' when shells 112 and 112' are engaged. Shell 112' comprises a perimeter 116', which is a mirror image of perimeter 116 and which encloses the other half of the space between side 114 and side 114' . A substantially planar rim 118 is disposed parallel to side 114 but on a side of perimeter 116 opposite side 114. Perimeter 116 comprises a longest edge 120 which extends substantially along the length of handle 40 and is intended to provide a superiorly disposed thumb rest while in use. Medially disposed in edge 120 is a depression or recess 122 wherethrough a slidable mechanical device 124 is captured. The purpose for and function of device 124 is described in detail hereafter. Disposed at a right angle to edge 120 is a proximal edge 126. A semicircular slot 128 in combination with a similar slot in perimeter 116' provides access for a luer fitting 130, the purpose of which is described hereafter. Inferiorly disposed and extending parallel to edge 120 from edge 126 is edge 132. Edge 132 extends in a straight line from edge 126 to a bend 134, although it is within the scope of the invention to provide scallops or grooves in edge 132 for more positive finger gripping of handle 40. At bend 134, edge 132 bends to form a bevelled edge segment 136 which may act as a rest or gripping surface for a forefinger.

At a bend 138, segment 136 is joined an edge 140 which is orthogonally joined at bend 142 with edge 120 to complete perimeter 116. Medially disposed along a line which is parallel to edge 120 and which bisects slot 128, a catheter 50 exit slot 144 is disposed in edge 140. Additional detail regarding catheter 50 attachment and alignment is provide hereinafter. As seen in Figure 2, device 124 comprises an actuator 146 positioned to be normally operated by a thumb, a support bar 148, a memory biased member 150, and a coupling member 152. Member 152 is affixed to actuator 146 and captures support bar 148 and bias member 150 such that edge 120 is disposed between actuator 146 and bias member 150. Further, member 152 slides within a slot formed in part by recess 122 and a like recess in perimeter 116' between at least a first proximal position and a second distal position. In the embodiment seen in Figure 2, bias member 150 is spring loaded to bias bias member 150 and support bar 148 away from edge 120 and comprises an electrical contactor (not shown) which makes an electrical contact with another contactor disposed on a medial side of edge 120 (also not shown) only at the second distal position. The electrical contacts and other electrical wiring is not shown in Figure 2 as such is well known in the art and has been removed to provide greater detail and clarity of mechanical parts of handle 40.

Within handle 40, a cable drive system comprises device 124, battery 102, motor 104, gears 106 and 106' , and cable drive channel 108. Battery 102 and motor 104 are aligned along edge 132 and confined by edge 132, sides 114 and 114' , and brackets molded or formed into sides 114 and 114', the molded or formed brackets are not shown but molding and forming such brackets is widely practiced and well known in handle molding art. Rotary motor power is transferred through gear

106 to gear 106' and therefrom to cable drive channel 108. Cable drive channel 108 comprises a round hollow tube 154 captured in grooves in bearing parts 156 and 158 and like shell 112' parts disposed at each end of cable drive channel 108. Medially disposed between bearing parts 156 and 158, tube 154 is squared by compressive techniques known in the art to form a cross sectionally square segment 160. Cable drive channel 108 is centrally aligned with luer fitting 130, gear 106', and catheter 50 mounting bracket 110. This alignment permits drive cable 30 to be interconnected with cable drive channel 108 and threaded through catheter 50 such that drive cable 30 rotates without binding within catheter 50. Further guide wire 162 is threadable end-to-end through hollow drive cable 30, entering handle 40 through luer fitting 130.

A section taken across segment 160 is seen in Figure 3. As seen in Figure 3, a section 164 of square channel material having a diagonal dimension which is smaller than the internal diameter of tube 154, but larger than internal side dimensions of segment 160 is bonded or otherwise permanently affixed to the proximal end of drive cable 30. A portion of drive cable 30 comprising section 164 is disposed into segment 160 such that at least a portion of section 164 is retained in segment 160 during all operational modes of instrument 10. As such drive cable 30 is rotationally driven as cable drive channel 108 is rotated by action of motor 104 through gears 106 and 106' . However, drive cable 30 is free to move longitudinally within cable drive channel 108 and, therefore, within catheter 50 as catheter 50 is moved through an artery to eliminate binding of drive cable 30 as catheter 50 moves differentially relative to drive cable 30. Drive cable 30 is retained inside catheter 50 and segment 160 by a stop disposed near the distal end of catheter 50 as is described hereafter. Cable drive channel 108 may be made of a malleable metal such as steel or aluminum. Section 164 may be made from a rigid synthetic resinous material or metal which is readily bonded or otherwise affixed to drive cable 30. A wide range of motors may be used within the scope of the invention. As currently preferred, Motor 104 may be a Maxon Precision Motor number 2515.980-61.111-000.

Gears having a wide range of teeth and ratios may also be used. As currently preferred, Gear head 106" may be provided as Maxon Precision Motor Gearhead number 1916.803-0013-000. In the currently preferred embodiment ninety-six-pitch gears are employed, as such a 38:38 tooth ratio provides an output rotational speed of drive cable 30 of approximately 660 revolutions per minute, a 42:35 tooth ratio provides an output rotational speed of drive cable 30 of approximately 780 revolutions per minute, and a 35:42 tooth ration provides an output rotational speed of drive cable 30 of approximately 550 revolutions per minute, although other gears and gear ratios may be used within the scope of the invention. A long shelf- life lithium three volt Lithium battery warranted for a period of five years and commercially available may be used as battery 102 to provide off-the-shelf power for motor 104. As seen in Figure 2A, motor 104 is activated when actuator 146 is moved distally to close a contact associated with device 124 and provide batter 102 power to the motor 104. Conversely power is removed from motor 104 by moving actuator 146 proximally to break the contactor associated with device 124.

To provide a cutting tip 20 interface, an adapter 200 is attached to a blunt distal end 202 of catheter 50 as seen in Figure 5. Adapter 200 may be metal or a rigid synthetic resinous material which preferably comprises a self-lubricating surface. Generally, adapter 200 comprises a catheter insertion part 204 and a tip 20 interacting part 206. Catheter insertion part 204 comprises a generally hollow cylindrical shape comprising a proximal blunt end 208, an external surface 210 and an interior lumen 212. Likewise, catheter 50 comprises an interior lumen surface 214.

Medially disposed along surface 210, adapter 200 comprises an annular shelf 216 adjacent a more distal bevelled edge 218 and a second hollow cylindrical section 220 comprising an outer surface 221 contiguous with edge 218 and forming a part of interacting part 206. Part 206 further comprises a blunt distal edge 222 and a lumen 224 which symmetrically communicates with lumen 212.

Surface 210 of insertion part 204 comprises a transverse diameter which causes a small displacement of lumen surface 214 as part 204 is inserted into catheter 50. Adapter 200 may be permanently affixed to catheter 50 by applying a bonding agent to surface 210 prior to insertion of part 204. After application of the bonding agent, part 204 is inserted until distal end 202 of catheter 50 is contiguous with shelf 216, after which the bonding agent is permitted to cure. The internal diameter of lumen 212 is large enough to permit passage of drive cable 30 without binding. The diameter of lumen 224 is large enough to permit assembly of parts connected to drive cable 30, also without binding. Referring to Figure 6 a different adapter 230 comprises a substantially cylindrically shaped exterior surface 232 extending over a catheter connecting proximal section 234 and a distal section 236. Section 234 comprises a blunt proximal end 238, an interior lumen 240, and a medially disposed annular shelf 242 which decreases the size of lumen 240 to a smaller lumen 244. Distal section 236 comprises a blunt distal end 246, a lumen 248 which is open at end 246, a medially disposed interior shelf 250 which is contiguous with lumen 244 such that adapter 230 is hollow and comprises a medially disposed smallest lumen 244 comprising a transverse diameter large enough to pass drive cable 30 without binding. Catheter 50 comprises an outside surface 252. The inside transverse diameter of lumen 240 causes the outside surface 252 of catheter 50 to be slightly compressed when catheter 50 is inserted into lumen 240. Adapter 230 may be permanently assembled and joined to catheter 50 by applying a bonding agent similar to bonding agents previously mentioned to surface 252. To assemble adapter 230 to catheter 50, catheter 50 is inserted into lumen 240 until distal end 202 cf catheter 50 is contiguous with shelf 242 and the bonding agent is permitted to cure. The relationship between distal ends of catheter

50 and associated adapter 200 and drive cable 30 and associated tip 20 connecting parts is best seen in cross section in Figure 7. Attention is drawn to two parts disposed at and near the distal end 258 of drive cable 30, a threaded connector 260 disposed at end 258 and a retaining sleeve 262 proximally disposed from connector 260.

Retaining sleeve 262 comprises a hollow cylindrical shape having an inner surface 264, an outer surface 266, and a blunt distal end 268.

Threaded connector 260 is a cylindrical piece having a hollow cylindrical core 270, a distal section 272 comprising a threaded outer surface 274, a more proximal section 276 comprising a proximal blunt end 277 and a smooth outer surface 278 having a diameter which is substantially the same diameter as surface 221 to form an atraumatic interface where the two surfaces 278 and 221 pass by tissue disposed inside an artery. Distally, drive cable 30 comprises an exterior surface 280 at sites of intersection between retaining sleeve 262 and connector 260.

As seen in Figure 7, retaining sleeve 262 is attached by bonding or the like to drive cable 30 at a site proximally disposed from adapter 200. Outer surface 266 of retaining sleeve 262 comprises a diameter which is greater than the interior diameter of lumen 212 and less than lumen 214 such that drive cable 30 is free to move longitudinally inside catheter 50 until distal end 268 of retaining sleeve 262 is in contact with proximal blunt end 208 of adapter 200 which provides a stop, limiting further distal movement of drive cable 30.

Adapter 200 is affixed between connector 260 and retaining sleeve 262 to assure that drive cable 30 is moved as the distal end 202 of catheter is moved. One method of assembly is to first bond sleeve 262 to a predetermined site on drive cable 30, then to bond adapter 200 to catheter 50 and then to affix connecter 260 to drive cable 30. With adapter 200 so affixed between connector 260 and retaining sleeve 262 it is important that the proximal end of drive cable 30 be free to move longitudinally as in segment 160 to prevent binding by differential movement of catheter 50 and drive cable 30 as both are moved through a circuitous path of an artery.

Referring to Figure 4, another instrument 10 handle embodiment, a handle 40", is seen to comprise a majority of internal parts which are similar in form and function to those of handle 40, but a few parts which a permit variation in longitudinal position control of drive cable 30 relative to catheter 50 and a different placement for the motor 104 on/off switch. Similar to handle 40, handle 40" comprises a housing 100" molded to enclose battery 102, motor 104, gears 106, 106' which interface motor 104 to drive cable drive channel 108, and mounting bracket 110 used to permanently affix catheter 50 to handle 40". Housing 100" is also made from rigid synthetic resinous material which is able to withstand sterilization procedures, such as gas or radiation sterilization.

Housing 100" comprises a pair of mounting shells, but as is true above in the description of housing 100, only a single mounting shell 112" will be described herein. In final assembly, mounting shell 112" is permanently joined to a mirror image shell by chemical, heat, ultrasound or other bonding techniques well known in the art to provide a durable, throw-away unit. Shell 112" may be formed by injection molding or vacuum forming techniques well known in the art. As seen in Figure 4 and as is true of housing

100, housing 100" provides a shape compatible for gripping with a single hand. Shell 112" comprises an enclosing side 114 orthogonally connected to a continuous perimeter 116" which surrounds half the space between side 114 and a like side on the mirror image shell when shell 112" and the mirror image shell are engaged. The mirror image shell comprises a perimeter, which is also a mirror image of perimeter 116" and which encloses the other half of the space between side 114 and a like side on the mirror image shell.

A substantially planar rim 118" is disposed parallel to side 114 but on a side of perimeter 116" opposite side 114. Perimeter 116" comprises a longest edge 120 which extends substantially along the length of handle 40" and is intended to provide a superiorly disposed thumb rest while in use. Medially disposed in edge 120 is a depression or recess 122 wherethrough a slidable mechanical device 124" is captured. The purpose and function of device 124" is described in detail hereafter.

Disposed at a right angle to edge 120 is a proximal edge 126. A semicircular slot 128 in combination with a similar slot in the perimeter of the mirror image shell provides access for a luer fitting 130, the purpose of which is also described hereafter. Interiorly disposed and extending parallel to edge 120 from edge 126 is edge 132". Edge 132" extends in a straight line from edge 126 to a bend 134", although it is within the scope of the invention to provide scallops or grooves in edge 132" for more positive finger gripping of handle 40". At bend 134", edge 132" bends to form a bevelled edge segment 136" which may act as a gripping position for a forefinger. Medially disposed in segment 136" is a recess 137", the purpose for which is described in detail hereafter.

At a bend 138", segment 136" is joined to a distal edge 140 which is orthogonally joined at a bend 142 with edge 120 to complete perimeter 116". Medially disposed along a line which is parallel to edge 120 and which bisects slot 128, a catheter 50 exit slot 144 is disposed in edge 140. Additional detail regarding catheter 50 attachment and alignment is provided hereinafter.

As seen in Figure 4, device 124" comprises an actuator 146 positioned to be normally operated by a thumb, a support bar 148, a memory biased member 150", and a coupling member 152. Member 152 is affixed to actuator 146 and captures support bar 148 and bias member 150" such that edge 120 is disposed between actuator 146 and bias member 150". Further, member 152 slides within a slot formed in part by recess 122 between at least a first proximal position and a second distal position.

In the embodiment seen in Figure 4, bias member 150" is spring loaded to bias member 150" and support bar 148 away from edge 120 and comprises a distally extended arm section 290 which comprises a right angle bend at a distal end 292 and a yoke 294 which extends away from edge 120. A collar 296 is bonded or otherwise permanently affixed to drive cable 30 at a site medially disposed between the proximal end of catheter 50 and the distal end of tube 154. As seen in Figure 4, yoke 294 comprises a pair of collar 296 capturing extensions, a proximal tine 298 and a distal tine 298' , spaced apart to permit collar 296 and, therefore, drive cable 30 to rotate freely therebetween, yet tines 298 and 298' are sufficiently closely aligned to collar 296 to permit vernier control of longitudinal movement of drive cable 30 relative to catheter 50 as actuator 146 is moved longitudinally relative to handle 40".

In one embodiment of handle 40", a contactor similar to the contactor described above for handle 40 may disposed such that when actuator 146 is moved distally to the second distal position motor 104 is turned on and when actuator 146 is moved proximally to the first position motor 104 is turned off. In this manner, when drive cable 30 is moved distally relative to catheter 50, attached tip 20 is likewise moved and rotationally actuated by motor 104 at the same time.

Alternatively, in another embodiment of handle 40", a separate electrical switch 300 is disposed, as seen in Figure 4, at recess 137" in segment 136". Recess 137" in shell 112" and a like recess in the mirror image shell provides a switch capturing slot for switch 300 when the two shells are joined. Switch 300 comprises a digital actuator 302, a spring loaded bias member 304, a support bar 306 and a coupling member 308. In combination, bias of member 304 and coupling of member 308 maintains member 304 in surface to surface contact with segment 136" as actuator 302 and coupling member 308 and, therefore, switch 300 is moved longitudinally from a first proximal position to a second distal position. As is the case of handle 40, an electrical contactor (not shown) makes an electrical contact with another contactor disposed on a medial side of edge 136" only at the second distal position. The electrical contacts and other electrical wiring are not shown in Figure 4 as such is well known in the art and have been removed to provide greater detail and clarity of mechanical parts of handle 40" . Within handle 40", a cable drive system comprises device 124", battery 102, motor 104, gears 106 and 106' , and cable drive channel 108. Battery 102 and motor 104 are aligned along edge 132" and confined by edge 132", sides 114 and the like side of mirror image shell, and brackets molded or formed into sides 114 -22- and the like side of mirror image shell. The molded or formed brackets are not shown but molding and forming such brackets is widely practiced and well known in the handle molding art. Rotary motor power from motor 104 is transferred through gear 106 to gear 106' and therefrom to cable drive channel 108. As disclosed above, cable drive channel 108 comprises a round hollow tube 154 captured in grooves in bearing parts 156 and 158 and like mirror image shell parts disposed at each end of cable drive channel 108. Medially disposed between bearing parts 156 and 158, tube 154 is squared by compressive techniques known in the art to form a segment 160 having a square cross section as described above for handle 40. Cable drive channel 108 is centrally aligned with luer fitting 130, gear 106', and catheter 50 mounting bracket 110. This alignment permits drive cable 30 to be interconnected with cable drive channel 108 and threaded through catheter 50 such that drive cable 30 rotates without binding within catheter 50. Further guide wire 162 can be threaded end-to-end through hollow drive cable 30, entering handle 40" through luer fitting 130.

A portion of drive cable 30 comprising section 164, seen in Figure 3, is inserted into segment 160 such that at least a portion of section 164 is retained in segment 160 during all operational modes of instrument 10. As such drive cable 30 is rotationally driven as cable drive channel 108 is rotated by action of motor 104 through gears 106 and 106' . In this embodiment, drive cable 30 is free to move longitudinally under control of actuator 146. However, to eliminate binding between drive cable 30 and catheter 50, a retaining sleeve 262, seen in Figure 7, is not affixed to the distal end of drive cable 30 as disclosed for the embodiment of handle 40. Rather, drive cable 30 is left free at the distal end to move longitudinally within catheter 50. In this manner, as catheter 50 is moved through an artery, drive cable 30 is free on one end relative to catheter 50 to eliminate binding caused by differential movement of drive cable 30 and catheter 50.

Referring once more to Figure 7, instrument 10 is seen to comprise a tip 20 having substantially the same external diameter as connector 260. Tip 20 comprises an internally disposed threaded surface 310 which screws to connect with the threaded outer surface 274 of connector 260. Direction of threads on surfaces 310 and 274 is counter to direction of rotation of drive cable 30, thereby causing tip 20 to only tighten upon rotation of drive cable 30 relative to frictional surfaces engaged by tip 20 in an artery.

As a further measure of safety, to assure a secure connection between connector 260 and tip 20, connector 260 is seen in Figures 9 and 9A to comprise a throat area 312 a flat 314 disposed on each side of connector 260. As such, flats 314 provide a connecting site for application of a wrench to hold connector 260 in place while tip 20 is securely tightened and affixed to connector 260.

A variety of tips 20 may be securely affixed to instrument 10 as different pathway generating needs warrant. Two versions of tips usable on instrument 10 comprise a smaller tip 400 and a larger tip 402 are seen in Figure 9. As denoted by a mechanical assembly flow line 404, smaller tip 400 is directly affixed to connector 260 when used with instrument 10.

However, instrument 10 comprises a connector adapter 406 which is interposed between connector 260 and larger tip 402 when larger tip 402 is connected to drive cable 30. As seen in Figures 9 and 9B, connector adapter 406 comprises a throat area 408 and opposed wrench flats 410, similar in function but necessarily more widely separated than flats 314 of connector 260. Connector adapter 406 comprises a proximally disposed internal threaded surface 412, best seen in Figure 8, which compatibly attaches to the threaded outer surface 274 of connector 260. Connector adapter 406 also comprises a distally disposed threaded surface 414 which compatibly accepts proximally disposed internally threaded surface 416 of larger tip 402. Direction of threads on surfaces 414 and 416 are also counter to direction of rotation of drive cable 30. While two sizes of tips 400 and 402 and one connector adapter 406 have been described, it is within the scope of the invention to have more than two tip sizes and more than one size of connector adapters.

To affix tip 402 to drive line 30, connector adapter 406 is connected in place of tip 400 to connector 260 as indicated by mechanical assembly flow line 420, seen in Figure 9. Tip 402 is connected to connector adapter 406 as indicated by a mechanical assembly flow line 422. In each case a wrench is applied across available flats 314,410 to permit each connecting part to be tightly secured. Tip 402 is seen assembled to drive cable 30 in Figure 8.

As atheroma and intimal and subintimal plaque occurs in a wide variety of forms, thicknesses and hardnesses, it is important that a wide variety of tip 20 types be available for use with instrument 10. The following described tips provide an example of tips usable on instrument 10, but the examples provided should not be considered to limit the scope of the invention. Further, in a medical augering and dottering application which entails working to clear a pathway through an obstruction at a site deeply disposed within a patient and distantly disposed from an instrument 10 operator appropriate consideration must be given to critical factors such as excised tissue retrieval and recovery, elimination of binding both between catheter 50 and drive cable 30 and between an exposed tip 20 and a pathway being cleared. Such considerations are inherent in each tip 20 described hereafter. Referring again to Figures 7-9, tips 400 and 402 are each seen to comprise a hollow shaft 424 and 426, a distal rounded end 428 and 430, and a bulbous cutting blade 432 and 434, respectively. As tips 400 and 402 on differ only in size, the following description solely references tip 400, but the description applies to tip 402 as well.

In transverse cross section, shaft 424 is substantially circular and comprises an internal threaded surface 310 as previously described. Distally, shaft 424 narrows to rounded end 428. As best seen in Figure 9C, rounded end 428 comprises a slit 436 whereat bulbous cutting blade 432 is raised above the otherwise circular curvature of end 428. Blade 432 is sharpened to a knife-like edge and is separated from the otherwise circular curvature of end 428 by a space which passes material excised by blade 432 into the hollow of shaft 424. The length of shaft 424 provides storage for retrieval of material excised during a pathway cutting procedure. The bulbous prominence of blade 432 opens a pathway through each obstruction which is greater in transverse diameter than shaft 424, connector 260, adapter 200 and catheter 50 to obviate binding during augering excising and material removing operations. As best seen in Figure 9C, tip 400 also comprises a centrally disposed orifice 438 of sufficient transverse diameter that guide wire 162 passes through and resides without retarding rotation of drive cable 30 and tip 400. As seen in Figure 7 a similar pathway is provided through drive cable 30 such that a path for guide wire 162 is available from luer fitting 130 to orifice 438. Such is the case for each tip disclosed herein unless specifically disclosed to be otherwise.

Referring to Figure 14A, a tip 440 is seen to comprise an external silhouette which is similar to tip 400. Tip 440 comprises a shaft 442 which is shortened, but otherwise externally similar to shaft 424. Also tip 440 comprises a bulbous protruding blade 444 which is similar to blade 432 and a guide wire orifice 446 similar to orifice 438.

However, when viewed in cross section in Figure 14A, tip 440 is seen to be different from tip 400. While it is within the skill level of one of ordinary skill in the art to make tip 440 releasibly attachable, tip 440 is seen to be permanently affixed to a drive cable extension 30' in Figure 14A.

In addition to the features mentioned above, tip 440 comprises a centrally disposed hollow cylindrical channel 448 attached to orifice 446. Disposed about distal end 258 of drive cable 30, cable drive extension 30' comprises a distally disposed channel screw 450 and a tip connecting extension 452. Orifice 446 and channel 448 comprise an inner surface which is permanently affixed by bonding or the like to drive cable extension 30' about tip connecting extension 452. So connected channel screw 450 and tip 440 rotate when driven by drive cable 30. Permanently affixed by bonding or the like to the distal end 202 of catheter 50 is a tip adapter 454. Tip adapter 454 comprises a proximal sleeve 456, an annular mounting ring 458, and a distal tip insertion part 460. Part 460 comprises a bearing sleeve 462 and a scraper blade 464. Proximal sleeve 456 is a hollow cylindrical sleeve which is inserted into the distal end of catheter 50 and permanently affixed thereat in a manner similar to the attachment of adapter 200 to catheter 50 as earlier disclosed. Catheter 50 end 202 is abutted against a proximal face of annular ring 458 to affix the position of catheter 50 relative to tip adapter 454.

Distally disposed bearing sleeve 462 comprises an exterior surface 466 formed to provide a bearing surface for shaft 442 when tip 440 rotates. Extending distally from a portion of bearing surface 466, scraper blade 464 describes a shape which conforms to the minimal circular dimensions of the interior surface of tip 440. As scraper blade 464 is fixed in position relative to rotation of tip 440, blade 464 removes excised and entrapped material which is captured by tip 440 but would otherwise clog tip 440. The removed excised and entrapped material is urged proximally by channel screw 450 which rotates at the same angular rate as tip 440.

Drive cable extension 30' and tip adapter 454 may be made from metal, although both are preferably molded from rigid synthetic resinous material. Tip 440 is preferably made from stainless steel and may be made by methods well known and understood in art .

Another tissue excising tip 470 is seen in Figures 12 with a sectional portion of excising tip 470 being seen in Figure 12A. Tip 470 comprises a shaft 472 and a substantially hemi-spherical distal end surface 474. Shaft 472 rotates in a manner similar to the rotation of shaft 424 seen in Figures 7 and 9C and is connected to drive cable 30 in the same manner as shaft 424 is connected to drive cable 30.

End surface 474 comprises a distally, centrally disposed orifice 480 and a plurality of convex grating edges 476 disposed upon rounded nose surface 474. Central orifice 480 provides a pathway for guide wire 162. As best seen in Figure 12A, each convex grater blade 476 comprises a sharpened blade edge 478 which pares material encountered as tip 470 is rotated by drive cable 30. As each grater blade 476 comprises a convex, raised surface, material is excised above the tangential plane of surface 474. In particular, more proximally disposed grater blades 476, generally designated 482, are disposed above the exterior surface of shaft 472 and excise material to create a pathway greater than the transverse diameter of tip 470 to obviate binding within a newly created pathway. Tip 470 is preferably made from thin gauge stainless steel.

Another tip 490 is seen in Figures 13 and 13A. Tip 490 comprises an auger 492 having an exposed distal end 494. As seen in Figure 13A, an end catheter interface 496 for auger 492 is permanently affixed to catheter 50 and disposed to enclose a large portion of auger 492. Interface 496 comprises a proximal catheter connecting end 498 and an auger enclosing end 500. Proximal catheter connecting end 498 comprises a hollow cylindrical insertion part 502 similar to insertion part 204 of adapter 200. Part 502 is permanently affixed to catheter 50 in the same manner part 204 is affixed to catheter 50. Distally disposed from part 502, auger enclosing end 500 comprises a hollow cylindrical sleeve 504. Sleeve 504 comprises a blunt open end 506 and a linear hollow cylindrical interior for enclosing a portion of auger 492 in freely rotating disposition. Auger 492 comprises a through-bore 508 and an auger screw 510 pitched to rotate material into sleeve 504 when auger 492 is rotationally driven by drive cable 30. The transverse diameter of the enclosed portion of auger 492 disposed in sleeve 504 is substantially the same as the inner diameter of sleeve 504 with enough material removed from the exterior surface of the enclosed portion of auger 492 for uninhibited rotation. The portion of auger 492 which extends distally from sleeve 504 comprises a diameter greater than the exterior diameter of sleeve 504 such that a pathway created by rotating auger 492 and thereby excising matter from an obstructing atheroma is larger than sleeve 504 to obviate binding during pathv/ay creation and tip 490 removal. Auger 492 is connected to drive cable 30 by permanently affixing the distal end of drive cable 30 within through-bore 508. Auger 492 may be affixed to drive cable 30 by the use of bonding agents which are well known in the art. To retain auger 492 in a predetermined longitudinal position relative to sleeve 504, a retaining sleeve 262 (not shown in Figure 13A, but found in Figures 7 and 15A) is affixed to drive cable 30 at a site proximal to catheter connecting end 498. In addition to augering and excising tips, dottering tips, generally designated 520 with exemplary tips seen in Figures 15, 15A, 15B, and 15C are attached to instrument 10. Each dottering tip 520 is used to compress or otherwise move tissue to form a pathway rather than excising tissue from an obstructing site. A dottering tip 520 is particularly useful in forming a pathway through a relatively soft obstructing atheroma. To be used effectively, a dottering tip 520 must exert a force on the obstruction material transverse to the longitudinal axis of the pathway being formed.

The dottering tips 520 seen in Figures 15 and 15A-C are permanently affixed to drive cable 30. However, releasibly affixed dottering tips, attachable by the same methods described for attachment of tip 400 to connector 260 and therefrom to instrument 10 as earlier disclosed, are within the scope of the invention.

In the embodiment seen in Figure 15, a dottering tip assembly 522 comprises generally designated dottering tip 520 connected to drive cable 30 and disposed at the distal end of catheter 50.

Seen in Figure 15A, tip 520 comprises a bulbous distal end 534, a proximal cylindrical skirt 536, a proximal lumen 538 disposed along the longitudinal axis of drive cable 30 and a distal lumen 540 also disposed along the longitudinal axis of drive cable 30 but of reduced transverse diameter relative to the transverse diameter of lumen 538. Although only one general bulbous form is seen for tip 520 in Figures 15 and 15A-C, it should be apparent to one skilled in the art that a plurality of forms from more pointedly shaped tips to more obtusely shaped tips are within the scope of the invention. In the embodiment seen in Figure 15A, drive cable

30 is permanently attached to tip 520 by inserting drive cable 30 into lumen 538 until distal end 258 of drive cable 30 is stopped by the intersection of lumen 538 with lumen 540 and affixing drive cable thereat. Bonding or other like agents may be used to permanently affix tip 520 to drive cable 30. So disposed, lumen 540 is aligned with the hollow core of drive cable 30 to facilitate passage of guide wire 162. It should be noted that, under some circumstances, it may be best to impede guide wire 162 from exiting a dottering tip. In that circumstance a dottering tip which does not comprise lumen 540 is attached to instrument 10 and used.

When dottering tip 520 is attached to drive cable 30, skirt 536 slips loosely over the distal end of catheter 30 to be freely rotated by drive cable 30. However, though such movement of tip 520 and skirt 536 is free and unimpeded, such movement is may or may not be smooth. While tip 520 is seen to be symmetrical in Figure 15A, it is preferable under some circumstances to use an asymmetric or imbalanced tip.

Referring to Figure 15B, a specific form of dottering head 520, dottering head 550, is seen in magnified format to comprise an asymmetric or imbalanced weight distribution relative to the axis of rotation of dottering tip 550. Tip 550 comprises a weighted part 552 disposed off-rotational axis within tip 550. Part 552 comprises a mass and density which causes tip 550 to dotter or vibrate transversely when rotationally driven at a predetermined speed by motor 104.

A dottering tip 560 comprising an asymmetric structure is seen in Figure 15C. Similar to the asymmetric weight distribution of tip 550, tip 560 comprises a bulged section 562, magnified for clarity and understanding, on one side. Bulged section 562 causes tip 560 to vibrate transversely or dotter in a manner similar to the dottering of tip 550. Such dottering of tips 550 and 560 compressively form a pathway through atheroma without excising tissue and therefore requiring retrieval of excised tissue.

In circumstances where an obstruction is relatively thin or when it is desired to create a "starter" hole in an obstruction formed of hardened tissue, it is sometimes desirable to drill into or through the obstruction with a more positively drilling and sharper auger tip. An example of such a tip 600 is seen in Figures 10 and 10A. Tip 600 is an extendable and retractable tip, normally retracted while catheter 50 is delivered to an obstructed site and retrieved from the site.

As seen in Figure 14, tip 600 comprises a relatively small, but blunt distal tip 602 and an auger bit 604 extending proximally from tip 602.

Auger bit 604 comprises a distally disposed conical section 606 contiguously connected to a more proximally disposed cylindrical section 608 and a common outer surface 610. Surface 610 comprises at least one helical groove 612 which is continuous across sections 606 and 608. Each at least one groove 612 comprises a cutting edge 614 disposed on the distal side of groove 612 such that when auger bit is rotated in the direction indicated by arrow 616, material contacting surface 610 is excised and trapped within groove 612.

Better seen in Figure 14A, auger bit 604 is directly affixed to drive cable 30. Auger bit 604 comprises a distally extending longitudinal blind bore 618 through a proximal face 620 of bit 604.

To assembly tip 600 to drive cable 30, drive cable 30 is cut to a predetermined length. The length of drive cable 30 permissively allows tip 600 to be retracted within catheter 50 or to be extended distally out of catheter 50 in cutting orientation. The position of tip 600 is longitudinally adjusted relative to end 202 of catheter 50 by selective movement of actuator 146 of handle 40" seen in Figure 4. Longitudinal extension of tip 600 relative to catheter 50 is limited to assure that cylindrical section 608 remains disposed within catheter 50 at all times. The transverse diameter of cylindrical section 608 is determined to assure that material previously captured in groove 612 and urged into the portion of surface 610 enclosed by catheter 50 is urged proximally due to an interface with the inner surface of lumen 214 of catheter 50 while auger bit is rotating and, thereat, surrounded and captured when auger bit 604 is stationary. Tip 600 is preferably made from medical grade stainless steel.

When tip 600 is disposed in an artery 622 at an obstructing atheroma site 624 as seen in Figure 10A, auger bit 604 is engaged with the atheroma at site 624 and rotationally driven in the direction of arrow 616 to excise material along surface 610. Material is excised by cutting edge 614 and forced into groove 612 by combined forces of tip 600 and material remaining at site 624. As auger bit 604 turns, the excised material is maintained in groove 612 and forced proximally toward and into catheter 30. When a pathway has been cleared through or a "starter" hole has been drilled into an obstructed site, tip 600 is retracted into catheter 50 and retrieved from artery 622 along with excised material captured within each groove 612.

Reference is now made to Figure 11 wherein a spirally configured cutting tip 700 is seen. Spiral cutting tip 700 comprises a drive cable connecting structure which is similar to tip 440 (see Figures 14 and 14A) . Tip 700 comprises a shaft 702 which like shaft 442 is shortened and a blade 704 which is proximally disposed at substantially the same transverse exterior diameter as that of shaft 702. Tip 700 also comprises a guide wire orifice 706 similar to orifice 446.

While it is within the scope of the invention and the skill level of one of ordinary skill in the art to make tip 700 releasibly attachable to drive cable 30, tip 700 and drive cable extension 30' is seen to be permanently affixed to a drive cable 30 in Figure 11B. As seen therein, tip 700 comprises a centrally disposed hollow cylindrical channel 708 attached to orifice 706. Channel 708 comprises a blunt end 710 disposed in substantially the same transverse plane as a proximal end 712 of shaft 702. Channel 708 comprises a transverse diameter which is permissive to an enclosing attachment by hollow drive cable 30. As such, tip 700 is connected to drive cable 30 by insertion of channel 708 into the distal end of drive cable 30 and thereat permanently affixed. Channel 708 may be affixed by bonding or other method of safe attachment known and used in the art .

Permanently affixed at the distal end 202 of catheter 50 is a tip adapter 714. Tip adapter 714 comprises a proximal sleeve 716, an annular mounting ring 718, and a distal tip insertion part 720. Part 720 comprises a bearing sleeve 722. Proximal sleeve 716 is a hollow cylindrical sleeve which is inserted into the distal end of catheter 50 and permanently affixed thereat in a manner similar to the attachment of adapter 200 (see Figure 5) . Catheter 50 end 202 is abutted against a proximal face of annular ring 718 to affix the position of catheter 50 relative to tip adapter 714. Distally disposed bearing sleeve 722 comprises an exterior surface 726 formed to provide a bearing surface for shaft 702 when tip 700 is rotating.

While shaft 702 is substantially transversely circular for rotation upon surface 726, tip 700 comprises a rounded nose surface 728 which is distally transversely spirally formed to better expose a lateral cutting blade 730. As seen in combination in Figures 11 and 11A, an end of the circular portion of shaft 702 is marked by line 732. From line 732, a portion of surface 728 is medially depressed to a contiguous connection with a spiral line 734. From spiral line 734 to orifice 706, surface 728 is so defined such that any plane distal to line 734 and parallel to line 734 intersects tip 700 in a line which is also a spiral. As such surface 728 defines a medial opening below blade 730 wherethrough excised tissue is captured within tip 700 for subsequent retrieval when tip 700 is withdrawn from an excising site. Tip 700 is preferably made by a coining process from stainless steel, such coining processes are well known and understood in art .

A combined augering and dottering tip 750 is seen in Figures 17 and 17A. So combined tip 750 provides a steering and coring end for catheter 50 and drive cable 30, not seen in Figures 17 and 17A as only the distal end of tip 750 is provided for detail and clarity of presentation and connections to catheter 50 and drive cable 30 are substantially the same as described for tip 400 above and as seen in Figure 9. Tip 750 is preferably a replaceable tip as 400 is replaceable.

As seen in Figure 17, tip 750 comprises a proximal augering segment 752, with a securely affixed shaft 754 extending distally from segment 752. Securely attached to the distal end 756 of shaft 754 is a dottering tip 758. Dottering tip 758 is similar in form and dottering function to dottering tip 520, seen in Figure 15. However, rather than being rotated as an individual part as tip 520 rotates about catheter 50 as driven by drive cable 30, dottering tip 758 rotates as driven by augering segment 752, which is driven as tip 400 is driven by cable 30.

Best seen in Figure 17A, dottering tip 758 comprises a bulbous distal end 760, a proximal lumen 762 disposed along the longitudinal axis of shaft 754 and a distal lumen 764 also disposed along the longitudinal axis of shaft 754 but of reduced transverse diameter relative to the transverse diameter of lumen 762. Although only one general bulbous form is seen for dottering tip 758 in Figures 17 and 17A, it should be apparent to one skilled in the art that a plurality of forms from more pointedly shaped tips to more obtusely shaped tips are within the scope of the invention and that the off-balancing shapes and configurations of Figures 15B and 15C apply to dottering tip 758 as well.

As seen in Figure 17A, shaft 754 is attached to dottering tip 758 by inserting shaft 754 into lumen 762 until a distal end 766 of shaft 754 is impeded by the intersection of lumen 764 with lumen 762 and permanently affixed thereat. Bonding or other like agents may be used to permanently affix dottering tip 758 to shaft 754. So disposed, lumen 762 is aligned with a hollow core 768 of shaft 754, which is proximally aligned with drive cable 30, to facilitate passage of guidewire 162. It should be noted that, under some circumstances, it may be best to impede guidewire 162 from exiting a dottering tip. In that circumstance a dottering tip which does not comprise lumen 764 is attached to instrument 10 and used. Segment 752 is seen to comprise an external silhouette which is similar to tip 400. Segment 752 comprises a shaft 770 which is similar to shaft 424 of tip 400. Also segment 752 comprises a bulbous protruding blade 772 which is similar to blade 432.

However, when viewed in cross section in Figure 17A, segment 752 comprises a connection to shaft 754 which is different from tip 400. Segment 752 comprises a distal orifice 774 through which shaft 754 is inserted and affixed to segment 752. Segment 752 also comprises a centrally disposed hollow cylindrical channel 776 attached to orifice 774. Orifice 774 and channel 776 comprise an inner surface 778 which is permanently affixed by bonding or the like to shaft 754 about a medially inserted segment 780 of shaft

754. So connected both shaft 754 and dottering tip

758 rotate when driven by segment 752 which is driven by drive cable 30 as previously described for tip 400.

Shaft 754 may be made from a resilient metal such as spring steel, although both it is preferably made from extruded resilient synthetic resinous material. Dottering tip 758 is preferably made from the same materials and methods used for tip 520. Segment 752 is preferably made from the same materials and methods used for tip 440. The combination of augering segment 752 and dottering tip 758 on the same tip 750 provides a tip which facilely dotters through a totally or nearly totally obstructed vessel and which then cores and removes a larger diameter portion of the obstruction without removing and replacing tip 750. Also, dottering tip 758 impedes action of the antegrade coring and material excising blade 772 from harmful contact with the vessel wall adding a further element of safety. Reference is now made to Figure 16 which provides a flow diagram illustrating a method for using a selectively chosen instrument 10. Before use, a plurality of instruments 10 are available from storage or directly from a vendor as a presterilized, prepackaged, self-contained augering and/or dottering instrument which is immediately ready for use when a difficult to traverse artery obstruction is encountered in an atherectomy procedure. As indicated in function block 800, a particular instrument 10 is selected from shelf storage and delivered to an operating site.

A sterilized package is not shown in the drawings. However, such packages are well known and widely used in the medical packaging art . A method of sterilization is also not defined. Methods of sterilizing packages such as gas and radiation sterilization are well known in the art.

When an obstruction for which an augering and dottering instrument 10 is required, a presterilized augering and dottering instrument 10 is selected from storage for immediate use as described in functional block 800. Via flow line 802, the next in line operation is opening the sterile maintaining package containing the selected instrument 10 as defined in functional block 804. When the selected instrument 10 comprises a dottering tip, generally designated above as 520, flow line 806 is taken to dottering instrument pathway block 806' . If the selected instrument 10 comprises an augering tip, designated by a plurality of numbers comprising 400, 440, 470, 490, 600, and 700, above, flow line 806" is taken to augering instrument pathway block 808. For simplicity in describing Figure 16, the augering tip will be referenced as tip 400, although it should be understood that all augering tips and combination augering and dottering tips within the scope of this invention are referenced thereby. From block 808, flow path 808' is followed to a decision block 808". At decision block 808", a determination is made as to whether or not a correct augering tip 400 is affixed to the selected instrument 10. If the answer is "no", flow line 810 is followed to function block 810' whereat a the resident augering tip 400 is removed from the selected instrument 10. From block 810' , flow line 810" is followed to a block 812 in which a correct augering tip 400 is selected. From block 812, flow line 814 leads to block 816 where the correct augering tip 400 is attached and tightened per block 816. From function block 816 flow line 818 leads to function block 820. If the answer at decision block 808" was "yes" or if a dottering instrument 520 is used defining a pathway through block 806' , flow line 818 is also followed to function block 820.

At function block 820, catheter 50 and affixed tip 20, which is either augering tip 400 or dottering tip 520, of instrument 10 is inserted into an artery of a patient via a medically approved cut down or needle insertion procedure, both of which are well known and widely used in the catheterization art. After tip 20 and catheter 50 are inserted, flow line 822 is followed to function block 824. Function at block 824 delivers tip 20 to a targeted obstructed site. Once tip 20 is at the obstructed site, flow line 826 is followed to block 828. At block 828, motor 104 is activated under power of battery 102 to drive drive cable 30 to rotate tip 20 to create a pathway through the obstruction. Once a pathway through the obstruction is cleared for blood flow and traverse of other atherectomy devices, flow line 830 is followed to function block

832 which defines retrieving catheter 50 and tip 20 from the artery of the patient.

From block 832, flow line 834 is taken to decision block 836 wherein a determination is made as to whether or not all instrument 10 procedures have been completed. If the answer is "yes", flow line 838 is followed to function block 840. Block 840 requires safe, medical disposal of instrument 10 as a throw away instrument .

If the answer to the question raised at decision block 836 is "no", flow line 842 is taken to decision block 844. At decision block 844, a question is raised for determination as to whether or not a different size tip 20 is required. If a different size tip 20 is required, flow path 810 is taken to block 810' to follow the pathway through block 810' , described above. If the same tip 20 is to be used, flow path 844' leads to block 844". At block 844", if tip 20 requires cleaning, cleaning is performed according to medically approved standards. Once an acceptably clean tip 20 is ready, flow path 818 returns operation to block 820 to perform another augering and dottering cycle.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims

Claims :
1. A combination which is used to clear a pathway in a severely to completely obstructed artery and which is thrown away after use on but one patient, said combination comprising: handle means comprising a housing and, disposed within the housing, a motor and a self-contained motor power source; drive cable means comprising a drive cable having a proximal end disposed in said housing to be rotationally driven by said motor; means for clearing a tip and catheter passable pathway through the severely to completely obstructed artery, said clearing means comprising the tip affixed to a distal end of the drive cable means; drive cable enclosing catheter means disposed between the tip and the handle and affixed on a proximal end to the handle .
2. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the drive cable means comprise a hollow lumen through the length of the drive cable and the handle means comprise means for proximally communicating a guide wire to said drive cable from a site outside the housing.
3. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a dottering tip which vibrates during rotation with oscillations substantially transverse to the longitudinal axis of the catheter means .
4. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a dottering tip which is rotates smoothly substantially without transverse oscillations.
5. The combination according to Claim 4 wherein the tip is symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the drive cable means.
6. The combination according to Claim 3 wherein the dottering tip comprises an asymmetrically imbalanced mass.
7. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises means for opening a pathway such that the attached catheter means passes through the pathway without binding.
8. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the clearing means comprise means for capturing and retrieving excised matter.
9. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the handle comprises means for controlling on/off power to the motor.
10. The combination according to Claim 9 wherein the handle comprises means for selectively changing the position of the distal end of the drive cable means relative to the distal end of the catheter means and the changing means and the on/off power controlling means are the same means.
11. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the handle comprises means for selectively changing the position of the distal end of the drive cable relative to the distal end of the catheter means.
12. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the catheter means and the drive cable means comprise means for cooperatively limiting the distensible length of the drive cable relative to the catheter means.
13. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the drive cable means comprise means for adjustably varying the distensible length of the drive cable relative to the catheter as the catheter is moved through an arcuate pathway of an artery.
14. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the handle comprises means for delivering liquid to a pathway inside the hollow lumen of the cable means.
15. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a tissue excising cutting edge having a rotationally cutting diameter substantially greater than the diameter of all other transverse diameters of the tip and associated catheter means.
16. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the drive cable means comprise means for releasibly connecting the tip to the drive cable.
17. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a cone shaped auger comprising a helical, tissue cutting groove along which excised material is retrieved into the catheter.
18. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a longitudinally disposed cutting edge and an associated slit exposed by an annular spiral reduction in transverse cutting head diameter from a site on said cutting edge transversely around the tip to said slit.
19. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises means for grating an atheroma.
20. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a screw auger comprising a sleeve portion which extends distally from the catheter and a screw bit portion which extends from the sleeve portion and which comprises a transverse diameter which is larger than the transverse diameter of the sleeve portion.
21. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises an internal scraper which remains fixed as the tip rotates and thereby separates excised material from an internal surface of the tip.
22. The combination according to Claim 1 wherein the tip comprises a bulbous distal portion comprising an asymmetric mass which dotters when the tip is rotated.
23. A dottering tip which is used in conjunction with a catheter and a rotary drive cable to clear a pathway in a severely to completely obstructed artery initially impassable by other atherectomy devices, said dottering tip comprising: means for connecting to the drive cable; a bulbous distal end comprising an asymmetric distribution of mass about the longitudinal axis of the tip.
24. An augering tip which is used in conjunction with a catheter and a drive cable to clear a pathway in a severely to completely obstructed artery initially impassible by other atherectomy devices, said augering tip comprising: means for connecting to the drive cable; means for excising matter from the inside of an artery comprising a cutting edge having a cutting radius which is greater than the transverse diameter of other portions of the tip and the associated catheter.
25. A combined antegrade coring and dottering tip which is used in conjunction with a catheter and a rotary drive cable to clear a pathway in a severely to completely obstructed artery initially impassable by other atherectomy devices, said combined antegrade coring and dottering tip comprising: proximally disposed antegrade coring and material excising segment means comprising means for connecting to the drive cable; flexible shaft means comprising means for connecting to the coring tip means, a hollow core disposed for passing a guide wire, and means for extending the coring and dottering tip distally from the more proximal coring segment means; a bulbous dottering tip disposed and securely affixed at the distal end of the flexible shaft means.
26. A combined antegrade coring and dottering tip according to Claim 25 wherein the connecting means comprise means for manually releasibly connecting the drive cable to the antegrade coring and material excising segment means.
27. A combined antegrade coring and dottering tip according to Claim 25 wherein the bulbous dottering tip comprises an asymmetric distribution of mass about the longitudinal axis of the bulbous dottering tip.
28. A combined antegrade coring and dottering tip according to Claim 25 wherein the bulbous dottering tip comprises a passageway for passing the guide wire from the hollow core of the flexible shaft means through the bulbous dottering tip.
29. A method for clearing a pathway in a severely to completely obstructed artery, said combination comprising: removing from storage a self-contained sterilized instrument in a protective package, said instrument comprising an augering and dottering tip drive cable enclosed within a shielding catheter, handle means comprising a housing and, disposed within the housing, a motor and a motor power source and means for driving the drive cable from the motor, and means for releasibly attaching predetermined augering and dottering tips to a distal end of the instrument; removing the instrument from the protective package; selecting and attaching a preselected tip to the instrument,- inserting the tip and distal portion of the catheter into an artery of a patient; delivering the tip to the site of the obstruction in the artery; actuating the motor; clearing a tip and catheter passable pathway through the severely to completely obstructed artery, said clearing means comprising the tip affixed to a distal end of the drive cable means; removing the instrument from the pathway and from the artery of the patient; safely throwing away the instrument .
30. A method for clearing an obstructed site within an artery which is impeding distal movement of a guide wire comprising the steps of: providing a catheter comprising a dottering tip on a distal end of said catheter; threading said dottering tip and said catheter along said guide wire until the tip reaches the site of the obstruction; rotating said dottering tip while moving the tip distally until the obstructed site is cleared; displacing the guide wire through the cleared site; removing the catheter and dottering tip from the artery.
EP19950915409 1995-03-22 1995-03-22 Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods Withdrawn EP0814711A4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US1995/003664 WO1996029014A1 (en) 1995-03-22 1995-03-22 Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0814711A1 true true EP0814711A1 (en) 1998-01-07
EP0814711A4 true EP0814711A4 (en) 1999-03-17

Family

ID=22248862

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19950915409 Withdrawn EP0814711A4 (en) 1995-03-22 1995-03-22 Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0814711A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2001509685A (en)
WO (1) WO1996029014A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999060934A1 (en) * 1998-05-22 1999-12-02 Ensurg, Inc. Medical device for the transportation and dissolution of fluid and matter from within the human body
CN102458275B (en) * 2009-06-16 2015-06-24 弗莱公司 Device for endoscopic resection or removal of tissue
EP2442946A1 (en) * 2009-06-16 2012-04-25 Frii S.A. A device for treatments of endoscopic resection/removal of tissues
US20110077673A1 (en) * 2009-09-29 2011-03-31 Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Rotational atherectomy device with frictional clutch having magnetic normal force
US9055951B2 (en) 2011-05-23 2015-06-16 Covidien Lp Endovascular tissue removal device
US9649123B2 (en) 2011-06-22 2017-05-16 Frii S.A. Device for treatments with endoscopic resection/removal of tissues
US20130085514A1 (en) * 2011-09-30 2013-04-04 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Rotating occlusion treatment system
US9872695B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2018-01-23 Frii Sa Device for treatments of endoscopic resection/ removal of tissues
WO2015186097A1 (en) * 2014-06-06 2015-12-10 Evoluzione S.R.L. Device for the treatment of esophageal stenoses
US9980737B2 (en) * 2014-08-04 2018-05-29 Medos International Sarl Flexible transport auger
US9924979B2 (en) 2014-09-09 2018-03-27 Medos International Sarl Proximal-end securement of a minimally invasive working channel

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2437329A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-03-09 Nasa Surgical instrument for curetting
DE3306213A1 (en) * 1983-02-23 1984-08-23 Johannes Dipl Ing Theermann Catheter
US4745919A (en) * 1985-02-01 1988-05-24 Bundy Mark A Transluminal lysing system
EP0315290A1 (en) * 1987-10-23 1989-05-10 SCHNEIDER (USA) INC., a Pfizer Company Atherectomy catheter
EP0373927A2 (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-06-20 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device
DE9106690U1 (en) * 1991-05-31 1991-08-29 Osypka, Peter, Dr.-Ing., 7889 Grenzach-Wyhlen, De
EP0472368A2 (en) * 1990-08-21 1992-02-26 Med Institute, Inc. Ablation catheter
DE9116000U1 (en) * 1991-07-05 1992-04-23 Klass, Willibald, 3451 Dielmissen, De
WO1993001753A2 (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-02-04 Zacca Nadim M Atherectomy and angioplasty method and apparatus
US5287858A (en) * 1992-09-23 1994-02-22 Pilot Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Rotational atherectomy guidewire
US5318576A (en) * 1992-12-16 1994-06-07 Plassche Jr Walter M Endovascular surgery systems
WO1995001752A1 (en) * 1993-07-03 1995-01-19 Medical Miracles Company Limited Angioplasty catheter with guidewire
US5643297A (en) * 1992-11-09 1997-07-01 Endovascular Instruments, Inc. Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5002553A (en) * 1984-05-14 1991-03-26 Surgical Systems & Instruments, Inc. Atherectomy system with a clutch
US4994067A (en) * 1989-02-17 1991-02-19 American Biomed, Inc. Distal atherectomy catheter
US5100426A (en) * 1989-07-26 1992-03-31 Fts Engineering, Inc. Catheter for performing an atherectomy procedure

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2437329A (en) * 1945-10-31 1948-03-09 Nasa Surgical instrument for curetting
DE3306213A1 (en) * 1983-02-23 1984-08-23 Johannes Dipl Ing Theermann Catheter
US4745919A (en) * 1985-02-01 1988-05-24 Bundy Mark A Transluminal lysing system
EP0315290A1 (en) * 1987-10-23 1989-05-10 SCHNEIDER (USA) INC., a Pfizer Company Atherectomy catheter
EP0373927A2 (en) * 1988-12-14 1990-06-20 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device
EP0472368A2 (en) * 1990-08-21 1992-02-26 Med Institute, Inc. Ablation catheter
DE9106690U1 (en) * 1991-05-31 1991-08-29 Osypka, Peter, Dr.-Ing., 7889 Grenzach-Wyhlen, De
DE9116000U1 (en) * 1991-07-05 1992-04-23 Klass, Willibald, 3451 Dielmissen, De
WO1993001753A2 (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-02-04 Zacca Nadim M Atherectomy and angioplasty method and apparatus
US5287858A (en) * 1992-09-23 1994-02-22 Pilot Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Rotational atherectomy guidewire
US5643297A (en) * 1992-11-09 1997-07-01 Endovascular Instruments, Inc. Intra-artery obstruction clearing apparatus and methods
US5318576A (en) * 1992-12-16 1994-06-07 Plassche Jr Walter M Endovascular surgery systems
WO1995001752A1 (en) * 1993-07-03 1995-01-19 Medical Miracles Company Limited Angioplasty catheter with guidewire

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of WO9629014A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP2001509685A (en) 2001-07-24 application
EP0814711A4 (en) 1999-03-17 application
WO1996029014A1 (en) 1996-09-26 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6162214A (en) Corning device for myocardial revascularization
US5360432A (en) Abrasive drive shaft device for directional rotational atherectomy
US8007506B2 (en) Atherectomy devices and methods
US5554163A (en) Atherectomy device
US6503261B1 (en) Bi-directional atherectomy burr
US6022363A (en) Rotatable dynamic seal and guide for a medical obstruction treatment device sub-assembly coupled to a drive motor unit
US5078723A (en) Atherectomy device
US4445509A (en) Method and apparatus for removal of enclosed abnormal deposits
US4986807A (en) Atherectomy cutter with radially projecting blade
US5947990A (en) Endoscopic surgical instrument
US5843103A (en) Shaped wire rotational atherectomy device
US5941869A (en) Apparatus and method for controlled removal of stenotic material from stents
US5417703A (en) Thrombectomy devices and methods of using same
US5441510A (en) Bi-axial cutter apparatus for catheter
US20050261692A1 (en) Articulating tissue removal probe and methods of using the same
US20080033423A1 (en) Total vascular occlusion treatment system and method
US5702413A (en) Curved bristle atherectomy device and method
US6183450B1 (en) Catheter de-clogging device
US20080140101A1 (en) Apparatus for crossing occlusions or stenoses
US6066152A (en) Rotatable attachment mechanism for attaching a medical obstruction treatment device sub-assembly to a drive motor unit
US20070123889A1 (en) Mechanical cavity-creation surgical device and methods and kits for using such devices
US5059203A (en) Powered microsurgical tool
US6077282A (en) Rotational atherectomy device with exchangeable drive shaft cartridge
US6264664B1 (en) Surgical basket devices
US5779713A (en) Instrument for removing neurologic tumors

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19970821

A4 Despatch of supplementary search report

Effective date: 19990201

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A4

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20030318

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20030930