EP0736626B1 - An integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter for washing machines and the like - Google Patents

An integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter for washing machines and the like Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0736626B1
EP0736626B1 EP19950202612 EP95202612A EP0736626B1 EP 0736626 B1 EP0736626 B1 EP 0736626B1 EP 19950202612 EP19950202612 EP 19950202612 EP 95202612 A EP95202612 A EP 95202612A EP 0736626 B1 EP0736626 B1 EP 0736626B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
housings
body
unit
filter
inlet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19950202612
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0736626A3 (en
EP0736626A2 (en
Inventor
Silvano Fumagalli
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Candy SpA
Original Assignee
Candy SpA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITMI950236U priority Critical
Priority to IT95MI000236 priority patent/IT236788Y1/en
Application filed by Candy SpA filed Critical Candy SpA
Publication of EP0736626A2 publication Critical patent/EP0736626A2/en
Publication of EP0736626A3 publication Critical patent/EP0736626A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0736626B1 publication Critical patent/EP0736626B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines in so far as such details are not special to washing machines of groups D06F21/00 - D06F25/00 or to any particular type of washing machine defined in groups D06F9/00 - D06F19/00 or D06F27/00
    • D06F39/08Liquid supply or discharge arrangements
    • D06F39/083Liquid discharge or recirculation arrangements
    • D06F39/085Arrangements or adaptations of pumps
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines in so far as such details are not special to washing machines of groups D06F21/00 - D06F25/00 or to any particular type of washing machine defined in groups D06F9/00 - D06F19/00 or D06F27/00
    • D06F39/10Filtering arrangements

Description

  • The present invention concerns an integral flow directing filter unit for washing machines and the like.
  • The current need to reduce the consumption of water for washing and concurrently the consumption of detergent and energy for heating is recognised.
  • To achieve this it is known that the wash bath is recirculated around a recirculation path.
  • Two approaches are employed in pursuit of this aim.
  • According to one approach a single pump is used in combination with a diverting valve to convey the wash liquid to a drainage outlet or alternatively to a recirculation path.
  • Original arrangements embodying this approach are described in Italian patent application no. MI92A002596 filed on 12 November 1992, and in Italian patent application no. M192A002562 filed on 9 November 1992.
  • In accordance with the second approach two separate pumps are utilised to convey the washing liquid respectively to a drainage outlet or into the recirculation path.
  • The first approach necessitates the use of a diverting valve which must satisfy the requirement of providing a perfect seal at the diversion point, failing which, after repeated operation liquid lost through the drain results in the gradual emptying of the washing vessel during recirculation, with the risk of failure of the washing machine due to insufficient residual liquid in the washing vessel.
  • This requirement is difficult to satisfy even if a filter, upstream of the diverting valve, can give relative protection by preventing threads and particles of a certain dimension from interfering at the diversion point and preventing a liquid-tight seal from being made.
  • The formation of encrustations and solid deposits of particles having dimensions smaller than those caught by the filter cannot be prevented and this can lead to the escape of liquid, and mechanical blockage of the diverting valve.
  • The effectiveness of the valve can therefore be assured only by proper maintenance.
  • These disadvantages are not present in the second approach but, on the other hand, it is considerably more expensive due essentially to the more complex operations needed to assemble two separate pumping units.
  • In addition the dual hydraulic circuit does not allow the use of an appropriate single filter acting both in the drainage and the recirculation circuit.
  • The dual hydraulic circuit also removes a certain quantity of water from the washing circuit which can be considered lost for washing purpose.
  • FR-A-1 336 973 discloses a double pump with a single motor.
  • To avoid such disadvantages the integral flow-directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter which is the subject of the present invention provides a filter and a pair of structurally independent pumping means combined in a single monobloc structure.
  • The unit requires a single mechanical support rather than separate supports for separate functional units.
  • According to a further aspect of the invention the unit has a single attachment on the body for connecting the wash vessel directly to the unit so as to reduce pipework to a minimum, and consequently to reduce also the volume of liquid which is not directly involved in the washing process.
  • There is therefore an indirect reduction in energy consumption.
  • The design of the unit is such that it can be made by moulding plastics materials using relatively simple methods with a reduced number of dies and related operations.
  • This result is attained by aligning the three flow ports on a first axis and aligning the body which houses the two pumps on a second axis perpendicular to the first. The filter housing is aligned on a third axis perpendicular to the second.
  • In practice, a first part of the unit is made as a housing body for the pumps which are separated by a common delivery chamber communicating with a second part of the unit in which a housing for a filtration element is formed.
  • This can be made in various ways, such as a barrier filter, in alignment with a self cleaning circuit with a filter opening, or as a conventional mesh filter.
  • Brackets are formed integrally with the body to join the unit to the moving part of the washing machine.
  • The characteristics and advantages of the invention will become clear from the following description of a preferred embodiment and from the accompanying drawings in which:
  • Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is an end view of the body of the unit of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a side view of the body of the unit of Figure 1;
  • Figure 4 is a sectional side view along a median plane of the body of Figure 2;
  • Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line ABC of Figure 3;
  • Figure 6 is a sectional plan view of the unit of Figure 1; and
  • Figure 7 is a sectional side view on a median plane of the unit of Figure 1.
  • With reference to Figure 1 the integral flow directing unit according to the present invention comprises a moulded body 1 in plastics material, a removable filter 2 with a front closure plug 3 and two motor units 4, 5 which drive the pump impeller 6, provided with flanges 7, 8 for coupling to the body 1 and closing the associated impeller housings.
  • Two portions can be essentially distinguished in the unitary body 1.
  • A first portion forms two axially aligned cylindrical housings, open at their outer ends, with annular flanges respectively 9, 10 for coupling to respective flanges 7, 8 of the motor units.
  • Each of the two housings comprises the body of a centrifugal pump with an impeller 6, driven respectively by the two motor units 4, 5 and a peripheral delivery outlet respectively 11, 12 and an axial intake opening one of which 30, visible in Figure 1, allows the two housings to communicate with a chamber located axially between them which opens into a cylindrical filter housing 14 to the peripheral wall of which is connected an intake opening 15.
  • The body 1 is provided on the outer sides of the filter housing 14 with two mounting brackets 16, 17 reinforced with ribs and having bosses 18, 19 for self-tapping screws.
  • Figures 2 to 5 represent various views and sections of the body 1 to show more clearly the structural characteristics and its formation using a relatively simply constructed mould with a reduced number of moving parts.
  • The filter housing is constructed from two axially aligned cylindrical bodies 20, 21 (Figure 5) the outermost one 20, of greater diameter, being connected to the other by means of a shoulder 22 which has an annular ridge 23 for cooperation with a seal 24 (Figure 1) on the filter plug to ensure sealing of the filter housing.
  • The body 20 comprises a plug housing and has on its edge two opposing retaining teeth 25, 26 for the engagement and bayonet fitting of the plug 3 which has in its turn ribs (as 25, Figure 1) for cooperation with the teeth 25, 26.
  • The inner body 21 constitutes the filter housing and the intake opening 15 is joined to and opens into its periphery.
  • Internally the body 21 is joined to and communicates with a suction chamber 27 positioned between the two impeller housings 28, 29 and communicates with these through two apertures 30, 31.
  • The filter and plug housing, the suction chamber and the front part of the mounting brackets 16, 17 can be easily obtained with a die closed in the direction indicated by the arrow 32 which is provided with a pair of retractable teeth to form the necessary undercuts for the teeth 25, 26. The impeller housings 28, 29 and the associated flanges 9, 10 having sites for screw engagement, and possible registration pins are easily made using two opposing mould dies which are closed in the direction indicated by the arrows 33, 34.
  • The impeller housings 28, 29 of a generically cylindrical shape, communicate with the suction chamber positioned between them via the axial apertures 30, 31.
  • The delivery outlets 11, 12 respectively are connected to their periphery.
  • When one of the motor units 4, 5 is activated, the liquid is sucked from the inlet 15, enters into the filter chamber through the filter, passes into the suction chamber 27 and from there to the impeller housing corresponding to the activated motor from where it is expelled through the associated outlet 11 or 12 to be directed to the drainage outlet or into the recirculation circuit.
  • The outlets 11, 12 and inlet 15 are advantageously positioned along parallel axes, with a degree of inclination relative to the axis of the filter chamber.
  • Their interior and part of their exterior can be formed with a die closed in the direction of the arrow 35, being clearly along the axes of the openings.
  • A fifth die closed in the direction of the arrow 36 allows the formation of the lower part of the body 1, which is undercut with respect to the pump bodies and associated flanges 9, 10.
  • Preferably, but not necessarily, to facilitate the separation of the body from the various dies, the upper exterior part of the inlet 15 is formed by a die closed in the direction indicated by the arrow 37.
  • To form the integral flow directing filter unit according to the invention, the unitary body 1 is completed by attaching the two flanged motor units 4 and 5.
  • These are conveniently but not necessarily of the synchronous type, and made from a permanent magnet submersed rotor to the shaft of which is fitted an impeller 40, 41.
  • The rotor housing is externally enclosed by the extensions of field poles 42, 43 which extend in two stator columns closed with a yoke.
  • On the stator columns are two electrical excitation coils supplied by the alternating mains voltage.
  • It is clear that the invention is susceptible to many variants.
  • For example, a conventional mesh or labyrinth filter may be substituted for the diaphragm filter shown in Figure 2.
  • In addition, in the case of the filter being superfluous, or where its separate production is preferred, the structure of the flow directing unit can be simplified by eliminating the filter housing completely and attaching the intermediate suction chamber directly to the inlet 15, in this case positioned at an angle or in relative opposition to the outlets 11 and 12.
  • In other words the filter housing is replaced by the inlet 15, the diameter of which must be sufficient to form at its end, and as an extension of itself, an intake chamber with dimensions suitable to keep the pressure drop between predetermined limits for a predetermined flow rate of liquid.

Claims (4)

  1. An'integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps, comprising a unitary body (1) of moulded plastics, said body forming two axially aligned housings (28, 29) each of a centrifugal pump impeller (6), open at their outer axial ends, two delivery outlets (11, 12) open at the periphery of said housings (28, 29), characterized by comprising two independent motor units (4, 5) with an impeller (6) coupled to said body (1) and closing said end apertures of the said impeller housings (28, 29), a suction chamber (27) axially positioned between these two housings (28, 29) and in communication with them through two axial apertures (30, 31), and means connecting said suction chamber (27) to an inlet (15).
  2. A unit as in Claim 1 in which the said body (1) forms a cylindrical filter housing (21), with an axis perpendicular to the axes of the said rotor housings (28, 29), open at one end for the removable insertion of a filter (2) and in communication at the other end with said suction chamber (27), and said connection means comprising an inlet (15) opening in the peripheral wall of said filter housing (21).
  3. A unit as in Claim 2 in which said delivery outlets (11, 12) and said inlet (15) have parallel axes, perpendicular to the axes of the said housings (28, 29) and inclined with respect to the axis of said filter housing (21).
  4. A unit as in Claim 1, 2 or 3, in which means (16, 17) for fixing said body (1) to a support are provided.
EP19950202612 1995-04-05 1995-09-28 An integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter for washing machines and the like Expired - Lifetime EP0736626B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITMI950236U 1995-04-05
IT95MI000236 IT236788Y1 (en) 1995-04-05 1995-04-05 Integral Group of flow deviation in the two pumps indipendentie common filter for washing machines and the like

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0736626A2 EP0736626A2 (en) 1996-10-09
EP0736626A3 EP0736626A3 (en) 1997-10-29
EP0736626B1 true EP0736626B1 (en) 2001-07-11

Family

ID=11370488

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19950202612 Expired - Lifetime EP0736626B1 (en) 1995-04-05 1995-09-28 An integral flow directing unit with two independent pumps and a common filter for washing machines and the like

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0736626B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69521681D1 (en)
IT (1) IT236788Y1 (en)

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19724480A1 (en) * 1997-06-10 1998-12-17 Bosch Siemens Hausgeraete Domestic electric appliance
FR2818671B1 (en) * 2000-12-26 2003-04-25 Ciapem Filtration device for a washing machine
KR101332286B1 (en) * 2007-04-17 2013-11-22 삼성전자주식회사 Washing Machine
KR101460134B1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2014-11-10 삼성전자 주식회사 Washing machine
KR200461049Y1 (en) 2007-10-22 2012-06-22 삼성전자주식회사 Pump and washing machine having the same
FR2954783B1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-12-23 Fagorbrandt Sas Method of controlling the operation of a dryer drying machine and drying machine thereof.
FR2993162B1 (en) * 2012-07-12 2016-03-04 Fagorbrandt Sas Washing machine comprising a washing and / or rinsing water tank
EP2703548A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-05 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. Laundry washing machine and method for washing laundry in a laundry washing machine
EP2703547A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-05 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. Laundry washing machine
EP2703546A1 (en) 2012-08-29 2014-03-05 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. Laundry washing machine
EP2746447A1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-25 Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V. Laundry machine with discharge manifold comprising a pump assembly
AU2014415237A1 (en) * 2014-12-23 2017-05-18 Electrolux Appliances Aktiebolag Laundry drying apparatus having a pump for draining liquid
CN105986427B (en) * 2015-01-27 2019-10-01 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 A kind of washing machine double-ended draining pump
CN105986406A (en) * 2015-01-27 2016-10-05 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 Installation damping device for washing machine dual-end drainage pump
DE102016201975B3 (en) * 2016-02-10 2017-03-02 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Laundry care unit with a pump
DE102016201972B3 (en) * 2016-02-10 2017-03-02 BSH Hausgeräte GmbH Laundry care device with a drain pump

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB671114A (en) * 1949-02-28 1952-04-30 Edward Aidan Creswick A method of, and apparatus for cleaning garments or fabrics
FR1336973A (en) * 1962-10-03 1963-09-06 Constructa Werke Gmbh double pump designed particularly to a washing machine and centrifuge operating in DC
US3727435A (en) * 1971-12-27 1973-04-17 Gen Motors Corp Self-cleaning lint filter for a recirculating clothes washer
IT1256103B (en) * 1992-11-12 1995-11-28 Candy Spa filtering Group and flow deviation for recirculating washing machine
JPH0716389A (en) * 1993-07-05 1995-01-20 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Washing machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE69521681T2 (en) 2003-02-13
DE69521681D1 (en) 2001-08-16
IT236788Y1 (en) 2000-08-17
ITMI950236U1 (en) 1996-10-07
EP0736626A2 (en) 1996-10-09
ITMI950236V0 (en) 1995-04-05
EP0736626A3 (en) 1997-10-29

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