EP0652650A2 - CDMA communication with multiplex transmission of data over a wide range from a low to a high rate - Google Patents

CDMA communication with multiplex transmission of data over a wide range from a low to a high rate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0652650A2
EP0652650A2 EP19940307987 EP94307987A EP0652650A2 EP 0652650 A2 EP0652650 A2 EP 0652650A2 EP 19940307987 EP19940307987 EP 19940307987 EP 94307987 A EP94307987 A EP 94307987A EP 0652650 A2 EP0652650 A2 EP 0652650A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
transmission
rate
data
frame
station
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19940307987
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0652650A3 (en )
EP0652650B1 (en )
Inventor
Fumiyuki Adachi
Mamoru Sawahashi
Tomohiro Ntt Tomioka Daiichi Dokushin-Ryo Dohi
Shinji Uebayashi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NTT Docomo Inc
Original Assignee
NTT Docomo Inc
NTT Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/24Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field for communication between two or more posts
    • H04B7/26Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field for communication between two or more posts at least one of which is mobile
    • H04B7/2628Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field for communication between two or more posts at least one of which is mobile using code-division multiple access [CDMA] or spread spectrum multiple access [SSMA]
    • H04B7/264Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field for communication between two or more posts at least one of which is mobile using code-division multiple access [CDMA] or spread spectrum multiple access [SSMA] for data rate control

Abstract

A CDMA communications method capable of multiplex transmission of data over a wide range from a low rate to high rate such as image data without a considerable increase in a circuit scale. A fundamental transmission rate is determined, for example, at 32 kbps, a rate higher than 8 kbps conventionally used. The data whose transmission rate is equal to the fundamental transmission rate is transmitted in frames including no vacant portion. Data whose transmission rate is lower than the fundamental transmission rate (16 kbps, for example) are transmitted in frames including vacant portions. The vacant portions are not transmitted. This makes it possible to receive data through other channels during a time period associated with the vacant portions. Data of a higher transmission rate, 128 kbps, for example, can be multiplexed and transmitted through four channels using different spreading codes.

Description

  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communications method and system preferably applied to mobile communications.
  • [0002]
    CDMA communication systems carry out a primary modulation of original data to be transmitted by QPSK or the like, and a secondary modulation of the primary modulation signal to enlarge the bandwidth by a spreading code such as a PN code (Pseudo-Noise code). The bit rate of the spreading code is called a chip rate, which is several tens to several hundreds times higher than the bit rate of the original data. Each user performs communications using the same frequency band, and is identified by a spreading code.
  • [0003]
    Conventional CDMA systems arrange the original data into frames, perform the primary and secondary modulations of the frames, and transmit them. During communications, there are silent intervals, in which the modulations are stopped, and the transmission is interrupted. This prevents useless radio waves from being emitted, thereby suppressing interference power to other mobile stations. On the other hand, data whose transmission bit rate is less than that of voice coded data is transmitted by making vacant positions in a bit series in a frame, and stopping modulation of the vacant positions. The modulation is interrupted in either case.
    However, since the interruption is carried out in a random manner, the receiving side cannot utilize this vacant time for other purposes such as receiving broadcasting information transmitted from base stations.
  • [0004]
    Data rates of voice codecs for cellular systems are ranging from 8-16 kbps. Low rate data (e.g., 1.2-4.8 kbps) as well as facsimile data are also handled as important cellular services. Furthermore, it will become necessary in the near future to transmit signals of the ISDN (Integrated Service Digital Network) in addition to the low bit rate data transmission. Image codecs currently available generally employ transmission rates of 64 kbps or 384 kbps. To achieve flexible transmissions of low rate data to high rate image data, the multimedia transmission including images requires code division multiplexing in the CDMA systems.
  • [0005]
    Figs. 1A - 1C illustrate a code division multiplexing method when a high rate transmission is carried out in a conventional CDMA system. Fig. 1A shows a fundamental channel whose fundamental transmission rate is fb bps. A frame includes a synchronizing word SW, and a traffic channel TCH. Figs. 1B and 1C illustrate the frame arrangements when the transmission rate is twice and four times as that of the fundamental transmission rate, respectively. When the transmission rate is twice, that is, 2fb bps, two traffic channels are transmitted in parallel by using two different spreading codes (which is referred to as a two-channel parallel transmission) as shown in Fig. 1B, and when the transmission rate is four times, 4fb bps, the data is transmitted by the four-channel parallel transmission as shown in Fig. 1C.
  • [0006]
    When the transmission rate of a coded voice signal is 8 kbps, for example, and this transmission rate is adopted as the fundamental transmission rate of a fundamental channel, an 8-channel code division multiplexing is required to transmit data at a transmission rate of 64 kbps. Moreover, a 256-channel code division multiplexing is required to transmit data at a transmission rate of 2 Mbps.
  • [0007]
    The conventional CDMA systems determine the transmission rate of the coded voice signal, which is most frequently used, as the fundamental transmission rate of the channel, and makes a frame corresponding to the fundamental transmission rate as the fundamental frame. A high-speed transmission such as multimedia transmission is performed by parallel transmission of a plurality of fundamental channels at the transmitting side, and by discriminating the individual channels by correlators at the receiving side. This presents a problem in that the circuit scale of a transmitter and a receiver increases with the degree of multiplexing.
  • [0008]
    Furthermore, in the CDMA mobile communications, communication quality will be degraded as a mobile station moves apart from a base station during communications. Accordingly, to maintain a high quality communication state, it becomes necessary to search for a new base station close to the mobile station during the communication and connect the mobile station to the new base station.
  • [0009]
    However, since a user occupies the entire frame for the communication, and there is no vacant time in the frame time for searching for a new base station to be connected, it is impossible to detect the new base station, to which the mobile station switches the communication. Therefore, the detection must be performed at the base station side rather than the mobile station side. More specifically, both the base station which is communicating with the mobile station, and neighboring base stations receive the signal from the mobile station, measure the power of the received signal, and selects the base station whose received signal has the maximum power as the new base station. This, however, presents a problem in that an amount of processing at the base station side increases with the increase in the number of the mobile stations. On the other hand, to perform this detection at the mobile station side, the mobile station must be provided with another secondary demodulation system (or decorrelator) for measuring the power of the control channels transmitted from neighboring base stations.
  • [0010]
    Each base station continuously or periodically transmits, through a common control channel, position information of the base station, and spreading codes used by the neighboring base stations, as well as communication data to mobile stations. In addition, broadcasting data such as weather forecast and stock prices, and paging data can also be transmitted. To receive these data (broadcasting data or paging data) during the communication, a conventional mobile station requires another demodulation system in addition to the demodulation system for the original communications.
  • [0011]
    Providing two demodulation systems in the mobile station presents a problem in that it will increase size, weight, and consuming power of the mobile station.
  • [0012]
    An embodiment of the present invention provides a CDMA communications method and system which can implement variable rate data transmission from a high-rate to low-rate with a small amount of an increase in circuitry of transceivers.
  • [0013]
    An embodiment of the present invention provides a CDMA communications method and system which can detect a base station, to which a mobile station is to be newly connected, at the mobile station side during the communication.
  • [0014]
    In another embodiment the present invention provides a CDMA communications method and system, wherein a mobile station can receive various channel data transmitted from base stations while the mobile station is communicating.
  • [0015]
    In a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communications method for transmitting transmission data through one or more channels between base stations and a mobile station, the method comprising the steps of:
       generating a frame including at least a part of the transmission data and a vacant portion when a transmission rate of the transmission data is lower than a predetermined rate, the vacant portion having no data to be transmitted;
       performing a primary modulation of the frame to produce a primary modulation signal;
       performing a secondary modulation of the primary modulation signal using a spreading code, to produce a secondary modulated wideband signal, the spreading code being different for each of the channels; and
       transmitting the wideband signal using a carrier.
  • [0016]
    Here, the step of generating a frame may comprise the steps of:
       predetermining a transmission rate higher than a minimum transmission rate as a fundamental transmission rate; and
       determining a frame length such that the frame includes no vacant portion when data is transmitted at the fundamental transmission rate.
  • [0017]
    The minimum transmission rate may be a rate of transmitting a voice signal.
  • [0018]
    The CDMA communications method may further comprise the step of generating a plurality of frames to be assigned to a plurality of the channels when data is transmitted at a rate higher than the fundamental transmission rate.
  • [0019]
    The step of generating a frame may comprise the step of time-compressing the transmission data by a factor of N at every time period T (N is an integer greater than one, and T is the length of a frame at the fundamental transmission rate) when the transmission rate of the transmission data is 1/N of the fundamental transmission rate, thereby providing the frame with the vacant portion.
  • [0020]
    The CDMA communications method may further comprise the steps of:
       obtaining the primary modulation signal by receiving a wideband signal associated with one of the channels, and by despreading the wideband signal using a spreading code; and
       restoring the transmission data by primarily demodulating the primary modulation signal obtained at the step of obtaining, and by time-expanding the demodulation output by a factor of N.
  • [0021]
    The CDMA communications method may further comprise the steps of:
       measuring received power of a common control channel signal transmitted from a base station other than a base station with which the mobile station is communicating, by switching the spreading code during a time period corresponding to the vacant portion in the frame; and
       deciding during communications a base station to which the communication is to be switched in accordance with the received power.
  • [0022]
    The CDMA communications method may further comprise the steps of:
       receiving common control channel data transmitted from at least one of the base station during a time period corresponding to the vacant portion of the frame by switching the spreading code; and
       demodulating the common control channel data.
  • [0023]
    The step of generating a frame may comprise the step of generating a frame from the transmission data by using a plurality of T/N long portions in the frame, the transmission data having a transmission rate equal to or less than (N-1)/N times of the fundamental transmission rate of the channel, where N is an integer equal to or greater than three.
  • [0024]
    In a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communications apparatus for transmitting transmission data through one or more channels between base stations and a mobile station, the apparatus comprising:
       means for generating a frame including at least a part of the transmission data and a vacant portion when a transmission rate of the transmission data is lower than a predetermined rate, the vacant portion having no data to be transmitted;
       means for performing a primary modulation of the frame to produce a primary modulation signal;
       means for performing a secondary modulation of the primary modulation signal using a spreading code, to produce secondary modulated wideband signal, the spreading code being different for each of the channels; and
       means for transmitting the wideband signal using a carrier.
  • [0025]
    The means for generating a frame may comprise:
       means for predetermining a transmission rate higher than a minimum transmission rate as a fundamental transmission rate; and
       means for determining a frame length such that the frame includes no vacant portion when data is transmitted at the fundamental transmission rate.
  • [0026]
    The minimum transmission rate may be a rate of transmitting a voice signal.
  • [0027]
    The CDMA communications apparatus may further comprise means for generating a plurality of frames to be assigned to a plurality of the channels when data is transmitted at a rate higher than the fundamental transmission rate.
  • [0028]
    The means for generating a frame may comprise means for time-compressing the transmission data by a factor of N at every time period T (N is an integer greater than one, and T is the length of a frame at the fundamental transmission rate) when the transmission rate of the transmission data is 1/N of the fundamental transmission rate, thereby providing the frame with the vacant portion.
  • [0029]
    The CDMA communications apparatus may further comprise:
       means for obtaining the primary modulation signal by receiving a wideband signal associated with one of the channels, and by despreading the wideband signal using a spreading code; and
       means for restoring the transmission data by primarily demodulating the primary modulation signal obtained by the means for obtaining, and by time-expanding the demodulation output by a factor of N.
  • [0030]
    The CDMA communications apparatus may further comprise:
       means for measuring received power of a common control channel signal transmitted from a base station other than a base station with which the mobile station is communicating, by switching the spreading code during a time period corresponding to the vacant portion in the frame; and
       means for deciding during communications a base station to which the communication is to be switched in accordance with the received power.
  • [0031]
    The CDMA communications apparatus may further comprise:
       means for receiving common control channel data transmitted from at least one of the base station during a time period corresponding to the vacant portion of the frame by switching the spreading code; and
       means for demodulating the common control channel data.
  • [0032]
    The means for generating a frame may comprise means for generating a frame from the transmission data by using a plurality of T/N long portions in the frame, the transmission data having a transmission rate equal to or less than (N-1)/N times of the fundamental transmission rate of the channel, where N is an integer equal to or greater than three.
  • [0033]
    According to an aspect of the present invention, since a transmission rate greater than the widely used voice transmission rate (8 kbps, for example) is selected as the fundamental transmission rate, the number of channels to be multiplexed is reduced as compared with that of the conventional systems when data of a higher transmission rate is transmitted. As a result, the circuit scale of a multiplexing circuit, and that of a division circuit can be reduced. In addition, although a data transmission requires the entire channel even if its transmission rate is less than the fundamental transmission rate, the average transmission power is reduced because only part of the frame is used in this case, and hence, the interference power to other channels are reduced. As a result, capacity in terms of the number of subscribers of the system in accordance with the present invention is the same as that of the conventional CDMA system using a minimum transmission rate as the fundamental rate. In other words, the present invention, which adopts a rate higher than the minimum transmission rate as the fundamental rate, is not inferior to the conventional system in capacity in terms of the number of subscribers.
  • [0034]
    In addition, since a vacant portion is provided in each frame when a transmission rate is lower than the fundamental transmission rate, a mobile station can receive, during the communication, the common control data from other base stations by switching spreading codes in the vacant portion. Furthermore, comparing the received powers of common control channels transmitted from neighboring base stations makes it possible to determine the base station, to which the mobile station is to be newly connected. In this case, since the two demodulation systems which are required in the conventional mobile station can be replaced with a single demodulation system, the increase in hardware is small.
  • [0035]
    The above and other objects, effects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description of the embodiments thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
    • Figs. 1A - 1C are schematic diagrams illustrating channel arrangements of a conventional parallel transmission method at various transmission rates;
    • Figs. 2A - 2D are schematic diagrams illustrating channel arrangements of a parallel transmission method in accordance with the present invention at various transmission rates;
    • Fig. 3 is a block diagram showing an embodiment of a transmitter of a base station, to which the parallel transmission method in accordance with the present invention is applied;
    • Fig. 4 is a block diagram showing an embodiment of a receiver, to which the parallel transmission method in accordance with the present invention is applied;
    • Fig. 5 is a block diagram showing a base station, to which the CDMA communications method in accordance with the present invention is applied;
    • Figs. 6A - 6C are schematic diagrams illustrating an example of forming traffic packets at the base station of Fig. 5;
    • Fig. 7 is a block diagram showing a mobile station, to which the CDMA communications method in accordance with the present invention is applied;
    • Figs. 8A - 8E are schematic diagrams illustrating receiving operation at the mobile station of Fig. 7; and
    • Figs. 9A - 9F are schematic diagrams illustrating another example of forming traffic packets at the base station of Fig. 5.
  • [0036]
    Non-limiting embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • [0037]
    Figs. 2A - 2D show the idea of the CDMA transmission method in accordance with the present invention. In the present invention, a fundamental transmission rate fb bps is determined such that it is a few times greater than a voice transmission rate which has been conventionally used as the fundamental transmission rate. For example, a transmission rate of 32 kbps, which is four times greater than the conventional transmission rate of 8 kbps, is selected as the fundamental transmission rate. A frame of the fundamental transmission rate includes a synchronizing word SW, and a traffic channel TCH. A spectrum-spread wideband signal is generated by increasing the fundamental transmission rate by a factor of the processing gain (bandwidth spreading factor) through the primary and secondary modulations.
  • [0038]
    When the transmission rate of data is lower than the fundamental transmission rate fb bps, such as a low transmission rate coded voice, the original traffic channel TCH in a frame of the fundamental transmission rate is thinned out as shown in Figs. 2B and 2C, where the length of a frame is indicated by T. Figs. 2B and 2C illustrate cases when data are transmitted at a transmission rate (fb/2) bps, or half the fundamental transmission rate fb bps. In Fig. 2B, the latter half of the traffic channel TCH is emptied, and in Fig. 2C, the traffic channel TCH is divided into eight portions, and portions at even positions are cleared. These portions in the frame other than those used to transmit data are called vacant portions, in which no data are transmitted. The vacant portions can be arranged in many other ways, as well.
  • [0039]
    In the CDMA method which transmits a signal after spreading it into a wideband signal by a PN (Pseudo-noise) code or a Gold code, the capacity in terms of the number of subscribers per unit bandwidth is determined by interference power including noise power. In this embodiment, since data whose transmission rate is lower than the fundamental transmission rate are transmitted by thinning out the traffic channel TCH in a frame to make vacant portions, and a signal is not transmitted in the vacant portions, the interference on the other channels is reduced. For example, the interference power on the other channels due to the transmission signal of Figs. 2B and 2C is reduced to half the power of a frame which is not thinned out. As a result, the capacity in terms of the number of subscribers can be doubled. In other words, the number of subscribers is automatically increased at a low transmission rate as compared with the number of subscribers at the fundamental transmission rate. In this case, the fundamental transmission rate is twice the coded voice rate, and hence, the system of the present invention requires a double bandwidth of the conventional CDMA system. Accordingly, the capacity is the same as that of the conventional system. No disadvantage is seen.
  • [0040]
    On the other hand, when the transmission rate of data is higher than the fundamental transmission rate fb bps, such as 4fb bps as shown in Fig. 2D, for example, a plurality of (four in this case) different spreading codes are used to carry out the parallel transmission of individual channels. In this case, since the fundamental transmission rate is set higher than the conventional one (four times higher in this case), the number of channels required is reduced from 16 channels to 4 channels. Since the number of channels of the parallel transmission is reduced, the scale of a modulation circuit at the transmission side, and that of a demodulation circuit at the receiving side are reduced as compared with those of the conventional system.
  • [0041]
    Fig. 3 shows an embodiment of a transmitter of a base station for implementing the method in accordance with the present invention.
  • [0042]
    Each of n frame generation circuits 11₁ - 11n (n is a positive integer) generates frames, each of which includes a synchronizing word and a traffic channel as shown in Figs. 2A - 2D, for each input data. The frame generation circuit 11k (k = 1 - n) has three input terminals: an input terminal 12k, to which data of the fundamental transmission rate fb bps are inputted, an input terminal connected to the output terminal of a TCH (traffic channel) frame thin-out circuit 13k, and an input terminal connected to a k-th one of the n output terminals of a serial-to-parallel converter 14 which converts data, whose transmission rate is ifb bps (i is an integer greater than one and equal to or less than n), into i parallel data.
  • [0043]
    Each TCH frame thin-out circuit 13k has an input terminal 15k, to which data of an fb/m bps (m is an integer greater than 1) transmission rate are applied, and converts the input data into thinned-out TCH data which are discretely inserted into the traffic channel TCH of a frame in a time division fashion as shown in Figs. 2B and 2C. Data of an ifb bps transmission rate are inputted to the serial-to-parallel converter 14 through an input terminal 16. The data supplied to the input terminals 12₁ - 12n, 15₁ - 15n, and 16 are controlled at the preceding stage, so that only one of the three input terminals of the frame generation circuit 11₁ - 11n is provided with the input data.
  • [0044]
    The serial-to-parallel converter 14 receives data of an ifb bps transmission rate, converts them into i sets of parallel data, each of which has the fundamental transmission rate fb bps, and distributes each set to each one of the frame generation circuits 11₁ - 11i.
  • [0045]
    The output of the frame generation circuit 11k is supplied to a primary modulation circuit 17k, and is converted into two signals (in-phase signal I and quadrature signal Q) in accordance with the modulation method (QPSK, for example). The two signals produced from the primary modulation circuit 17k are supplied to complex multiplier 19k, where the two signals are each multiplied by a spreading code supplied from a spreading code generator 18k, and are spectrum spread. The spreading code generators 18₁ - 18n generate spreading codes different from each other. All the I signals which are spectrum spread and outputted from the complex multipliers 19₁ - 19n are added by an adder 21I, and all the Q signals which are spectrum spread and outputted from the complex multipliers 19₁ - 19n are added by an adder 21Q. The outputs of the adders 21I and 21Q are converted into analog signals by D/A converters 22I and 22Q, respectively. After that, the analog signals, which are passed through low-pass filters 23I and 23Q, are inputted to a quadrature modulator 24, which quadrature-modulates an intermediate frequency signal from an oscillator 25 by the input signals. The modulated signal is passed through a band-pass filter 26, amplified by an amplifier 27, inputted to a mixer 28, and frequency-mixed with a carrier signal from an oscillator 29. The output of the mixer 28 is passed through a bandpass filter 31, power-amplified by an amplifier 32, outputted to an output terminal 33, and is radiated from an unshown antenna as an electric wave.
  • [0046]
    Fig. 4 shows an embodiment of a receiver receiving a signal transmitted from the transmitter of Fig. 3. The received signal at an input terminal 41 is passed through a bandpass filter 42, amplified by an amplifier 43, and is frequency-mixed with a signal from an oscillator 45 by a mixer 44. The mixed output is passed through a bandpass filter 46, so that the intermediate frequency component is passed. The intermediate frequency signal is amplified by an automatic gain control amplifier 47 to a signal whose level is substantially constant. The amplified output is converted into baseband I and Q signals by a quadrature detector 48 using a signal from an oscillator 49. The I and Q signals are passed through low-pass filters 51I and 51Q, and inputted to A/D converters 52I and 52Q which convert them into digital signals, respectively. The outputs of the A/D converters 52I and 52Q are divided into n signals by a signal distribution circuit 53I and 53Q, and are inputted to n matched filters 54₁ - 54n, respectively. The matched filters 54₁ - 54n take correlations between the input signals and codes associated with n spreading codes at the transmitter side, and spectrum-despread the input signals. The respective matched filters separate multipath components having different time delays.
  • [0047]
    RAKE demodulators 55₁ - 55n, receiving the output of the matched filters 54₁ - 54n, weight and add the separated multipath components coherently, and demodulate the added result. The output of the RAKE demodulator 551 is supplied to a rate conversion circuit 56 for data communications of the rate less than or equal to fb bps. The rate conversion circuit 56 outputs the data in continuous mode. Thus, when the transmission rate of the received signal is fb/m bps, where m is an integer equal to or greater than one, demodulated data is obtained at the output terminal 59. On the other hand, when the transmission rate of the received signal is ifb bps, signals of the individual channels, each having a transmission rate of fb bps, are converted into a serial signal of ifb bps by the parallel-to-serial converter 57, and the serial signal is outputted from an output terminal 58. A mobile receiver which provides data communications whose rate is less than or equal to fb bps requires only one set of demodulation circuit (a matched filter plus a RAKE demodulator), thereby making the circuit scale small.
  • [0048]
    There are two methods for thinning out the traffic channel TCH. A first method makes the transmitting timings of the frames random at each base station. A second method makes the arrangement of the data in a frame random, and assigns the random arrangements to respective users. The random arrangement can be prepared, for example, from the user number and random patterns. According to the first method, the base station transmits the information on TCH (traffic channel) rate to the mobile station so that a mobile station can properly pick up data in the traffic channel. According to the second method, it is sufficient for a base station to provide a mobile station with information on the arrangement pattern corresponding to the transmission rate.
  • [0049]
    Fig. 5 shows a major portion of a base station which employs the first method. In this embodiment, the transmission rate of data inputted to channel input terminals 111₁ - 111n is 1/N of the fundamental transmission rate, where N is a positive integer. In other words, the data have a temporal length N times longer than the same amount of data of the fundamental transmission rate. The data are supplied to TCH frame thin-out circuits 112₁ - 112n, and are time-compressed by a factor of N (N = 4 in Figs. 6A - 6C) at every time period T to form packets, where T is the length of a frame of the fundamental transmission rate. These packets undergo the primary modulation in primary modulators 113₁ - 113n, and then the spectrum-spreading modulation in secondary modulators (spreading modulators) 114₁ - 114n, thereby being converted into wideband signals. The spreading modulators 114₁ - 114n receive different spreading codes C₁ - Cn from spreading code generators 115₁ - 115n.
  • [0050]
    In this case, the packets P₁ - Pn generated by the TCH frame thin-out circuits 112₁ - 112n have random time relationships with each other as shown in Figs. 6A - 6C. This is allowable because the plurality of packets are each associated with different spreading codes, and hence, the packets can be separated at the receiving side even if they overlap with each other temporally. Accordingly, as soon as individual channel signals are inputted, they can be formed into packets without any time adjustments.
  • [0051]
    Base stations have, in addition to the traffic channels, common control channels for transmitting control information such as identification information of respective base stations, and paging information. Furthermore, a weather forecast, and other broadcasting information can be transmitted as required. The information on the common channel is spread by spreading code Cc different from the spreading codes C₁ - Cn for communications, and is transmitted from common control channel transmitting portion 116. The outputs of the spreading modulators 114₁ - 114n+1 are combined, supplied to an output terminal 117, and transmitted from a transmitter not shown in Fig. 5 as an electric wave.
  • [0052]
    Fig. 7 shows a major portion of a mobile station, to which the present invention is applied. Electric waves from base stations are received by a receiving portion not shown in Fig. 7, and are inputted to an input terminal 121 after converted into an intermediate frequency signal. The intermediate frequency signal is despread by a spreading code assigned to the communication, for example, by the spreading code C₂. The despread output undergoes the primary demodulation by a primary demodulator 124. The demodulated output is inputted to a frame detector 125 which detects the period T and temporal positions of packets, and outputs frame pulses as shown in Fig. 8A. The frame pulses are supplied to a controller 126 which controls a switch 127 so that packets P₂ obtained by the despreading using the spreading code C₂ are supplied to a rate conversion circuit 128. The rate conversion circuit 128 expands the packets P₂ by a factor of N. Thus, the transmission data, which is inputted to the channel input terminal 111₂, and whose transmission rate is 1/N of the fundamental transmission rate, is outputted from an output terminal 129.
  • [0053]
    The controller 126 controls the spreading code generator 123 so that the spreading code (Cc, for example) associated with the common control channel of the current base station or each of the neighboring base stations is outputted from the spreading code generator 123 during a portion (for example, portion T₀₃ as shown in Figs. 8D and 8E) other than the portion T₀₁ which receives the packet P₂ in each frame as shown in Fig. 8B. In addition, the controller 126 changes the switch 127 so that the output terminal of the primary demodulator 124 is connected to a side of a received power measurement circuit 131 and a common control data demodulator 132. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 8E, during the portion T₀₃ in a frame, the common control channel from a base station is received, and the received power is measured by the received power measurement circuit 131. Thus, the received power measurement is carried out in the portion T₀₃ of each frame by switching the spreading code to one of the spreading codes associated with the common control channels of the neighboring base stations. Then, the base station having the common control channel which is associated with the maximum received power is selected as the base station, to which the communication is to be switched, by a base station decision circuit 133 (which is usually included in the controller 126).
  • [0054]
    Changing the base station is required for continuous communication when measurement of the power of the received signal from the current base station is carried out in the portions T₀₁, and the receiving quality degrades below an allowable level during the communication. In this case, the mobile station provides, through the traffic channel, the current base station with information on the base station, to which the communication is to be switched, so that the switching to the new base station is performed. The channel switching operation of the traffic channel can be achieved in the same manner as a conventional method. The present invention differs from the conventional method in that the decision of the base station, to which the communication is to be switched, is made at the mobile station side, whereas the conventional method decides it at the base station side.
  • [0055]
    A common control data demodulator 132 can demodulate various broadcasting data or a paging during communication by supplying the despreading circuit 122 with the spreading code associated with the common control channel during a portion (T₀₃, for example) other than the traffic packet receiving portion T₀₁. Measuring of the received power and reception of the common control data can be carried out in the same frame. For example, two identical length vacant portions T₀₃ and T₀₄ other than the packet receiving portion T₀₁ in a frame are selected, and one of them is used to measure the received power by providing the despreading circuit 122 with the spreading code associated with the common control channel from a neighboring base station.
  • [0056]
    The data to be transmitted from the mobile station have a transmission rate of 1/N of the fundamental transmission rate. A TCH frame thin-out circuit 136 of Fig. 7 receives the data through an input terminal 135, and temporally compresses the data by a factor of N every frame interval T to form packets as shown in Fig. 8C. The packets are assigned to a vacant portion (for example, T₀₂) other than the receiving portions T₀₁ and T₀₃ by the controller 126. The packets undergo the primary modulation by a primary modulator 137. The primary modulation output is spectrum-spread modulated by a secondary modulator (spread modulator) 138 using a spreading code C₂₁ from a spreading code generator 139, and the spectrum-spread wideband signal is transmitted through a terminal 141, a transmitter not shown in Fig. 7, and an antenna for both transmitting and receiving. Since the transmit and receive portions are separated, the same radio carrier frequency can be used for transmitter and receiver. However, if different frequencies are used, transmitting and receiving can be performed at the same time (for example, at the portion T₀₁).
  • [0057]
    Since the data is transmitted after time-compressed, data whose transmission rate is from 1/N to (N-1)/N of the fundamental transmission rate can be transmitted by using a single spreading code and by setting N equal to or greater than 3. One portion is used for receiving the broadcasting data and the remaining (N-1) portions can be used for communication.
  • [0058]
    Figs. 9A - 9F illustrate the relationships between frames and packets when the compression ratio N = 8. Fig. 9B shows the case where data whose transmission rate is 1/8 of the fundamental transmission rate is inputted to the channel input terminal 111₁ of the transmitter of Fig. 5. The data corresponding to a frame is time-compressed to a packet P₁ whose length is T/8, and is transmitted. Fig. 9C shows the case where data whose transmission rate is 1/2 of the fundamental transmission rate is inputted to the channel input terminal 111₂ of the transmitter. The data corresponding to a frame is time-compressed to a packet P₂ whose length is T/2, and is transmitted. Fig. 9D shows the case where data whose transmission rate is 1/8 of the fundamental transmission rate is inputted to the channel input terminal 111₃ of the transmitter. The data corresponding to a frame is time-compressed to a packet P₃ whose length is T/8, and is transmitted. Fig. 9E shows the case where data whose transmission rate is 1/4 of the fundamental transmission rate is inputted to the channel input terminal 111₄ of the transmitter. The data corresponding to a frame is time-compressed to a packet P₄ whose length is T/4, and is transmitted.
  • [0059]
    In this case, although the spreading codes C₁ - Cn inputted to the spreading modulators 114₁ - 114n differ from each other, the same spreading code may be consistently used for data inputted to the same channel input terminal, or other spreading codes may be used. For example, the spreading code C₂ may be consistently used for the packet P₂ of Fig. 9C, or the spreading code may be changed for each one of the T/N long portions. In addition, the packet P₂ may be divided into two packets P₂₁ and P₂₂ as shown in Fig. 9F. By thus dividing the transmission data in a frame, an advantage of smoothing the interference is obtained.
  • [0060]
    The division of the transmission data in a frame can be carried out by the following procedure.
    • (1) Store the input data into a memory in the TCH frame thin-out circuit.
    • (2) Read data in the memory at the fundamental transmission rate in the designated time duration (= T/N).
  • [0061]
    The packets shown in Figs. 9B - 9F are received by a mobile station, and restored to the original data by the rate conversion. Thus, even if the transmission rate of the input data is varied, the data can be transmitted as long as its transmission rate is equal to or less than the fundamental transmission rate. In addition, a mobile station can receive the common control data addressed to itself or to other mobile stations in a vacant portion in each frame by switching the spreading code for the despreading, at timings as indicated by broken lines in Figs. 9C - 9F, for example.
  • [0062]
    Although data whose transmission rate is lower than the fundamental transmission rate is transmitted through a single channel in this embodiment, the number of channels is not restricted to one. For example, although the packet P₂ in Fig. 9C is transmitted using four T/N long portions in the frame of a single channel, it can be transmitted by distributing the packet to four channels. In this case, each channel transmits the data using one portion in a frame.
  • [0063]
    The present invention has been described in detail with respect to various embodiments, and it will now be apparent from the foregoing to those skilled in the art that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the invention in its broader aspects, and it is the intention, therefore, in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit of the invention.

Claims (26)

  1. A CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communications method for transmitting transmission data through one or more channels between base stations and a mobile station, said method characterized by comprising the steps of:
       generating a frame including at least a part of said transmission data and a vacant portion when a transmission rate of said transmission data is lower than a predetermined rate, said vacant portion having no data to be transmitted;
       performing a primary modulation of said frame to produce a primary modulation signal;
       performing a secondary modulation of said primary modulation signal using a spreading code, to produce a secondary modulated wideband signal, said spreading code being different for each of said channels; and
       transmitting said wideband signal using a carrier.
  2. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said step of generating a frame comprises the steps of:
       predetermining a transmission rate higher than a minimum transmission rate as a fundamental transmission rate; and
       determining a frame length such that the frame includes no vacant portion when data is transmitted at said fundamental transmission rate.
  3. The CDMA communication method as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that said minimum transmission rate is a rate of transmitting a voice signal.
  4. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 2, further characterized by comprising the step of generating a plurality of frames to be assigned to a plurality of said channels when data is transmitted at a rate higher than said fundamental transmission rate.
  5. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said step of generating a frame comprises the step of time-compressing said transmission data by a factor of N at every time period T (N is an integer greater than one, and T is the length of a frame at said fundamental transmission rate) when the transmission rate of said transmission data is 1/N of said fundamental transmission rate, thereby providing said frame with said vacant portion.
  6. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 5, further characterized by comprising the steps of:
       obtaining said primary modulation signal by receiving a wideband signal associated with one of said channels, and by despreading said wideband signal using a spreading code; and
       restoring said transmission data by primarily demodulating said primary modulation signal obtained at the step of obtaining, and by time-expanding the demodulation output by a factor of N.
  7. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 6, further characterized by comprising the steps of:
       measuring received power of a common control channel signal transmitted from a base station other than a base station with which the mobile station is communicating, by switching said spreading code during a time period corresponding to said vacant portion in said frame; and
       deciding during communications a base station to which the communication is to be switched in accordance with said received power.
  8. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 6, further characterized by comprising the steps of:
       receiving common control channel data transmitted from at least one of said base station during a time period corresponding to said vacant portion of said frame by switching said spreading code; and
       demodulating said common control channel data.
  9. The CDMA communications method as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that said step of generating a frame comprises the step of generating a frame from said transmission data by using a plurality of T/N long portions in said frame, said transmission data having a transmission rate equal to or less than (N-1)/N times of said fundamental transmission rate of said channel, where N is an integer equal to or greater than three.
  10. A CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communications apparatus for transmitting transmission data through one or more channels between base stations and a mobile station, said apparatus characterized by comprising:
       means for generating a frame including at least a part of said transmission data and a vacant portion when a transmission rate of said transmission data is lower than a predetermined rate, said vacant portion having no data to be transmitted;
       means for performing a primary modulation of said frame to produce a primary modulation signal;
       means for performing a secondary modulation of said primary modulation signal using a spreading code, to produce a secondary modulated wideband signal, said spreading code being different for each of said channels; and
       means for transmitting said wideband signal using a carrier.
  11. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 10, characterized in that said means for generating a frame comprises:
       means for predetermining a transmission rate higher than a minimum transmission rate as a fundamental transmission rate; and
       means for determining a frame length such that the frame includes no vacant portion when data is transmitted at said fundamental transmission rate.
  12. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that said minimum transmission rate is a rate of transmitting a voice signal.
  13. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 11, further characterized by comprising means for generating a plurality of frames to be assigned to a plurality of said channels when data is transmitted at a rate higher than said fundamental transmission rate.
  14. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 10, characterized in that said means for generating a frame comprises means for time-compressing said transmission data by a factor of N at every time period T (N is an integer greater than one, and T is the length of a frame at said fundamental transmission rate) when the transmission rate of said transmission data is 1/N of said fundamental transmission rate, thereby providing said frame with said vacant portion.
  15. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 14, further characterized by comprising:
       means for obtaining said primary modulation signal by receiving a wideband signal associated with one of said channels, and by despreading said wideband signal using a spreading code; and
       means for restoring said transmission data by primarily demodulating said primary modulation signal obtained by said means for obtaining, and by time-expanding the demodulation output by a factor of N.
  16. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 15, further characterized by comprising:
       means for measuring received power of a common control channel signal transmitted from a base station other than a base station with which the mobile station is communicating, by switching said spreading code during a time period corresponding to said vacant portion in said frame; and
       means for deciding during communications a base station to which the communication is to be switched in accordance with said received power.
  17. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 15, further characterized by comprising:
       means for receiving common control channel data transmitted from at least one of said base station during a time period corresponding to said vacant portion of said frame by switching said spreading code; and
       means for demodulating said common control channel data.
  18. The CDMA communications apparatus as claimed in claim 16, characterized in that said means for generating a frame comprises means for generating a frame from said transmission data by using a plurality of T/N long portions in said frame, said transmission data having a transmission rate equal to or less than (N-1)/N times of said fundamental transmission rate of said channel, where N is an integer equal to or greater than three.
  19. A CDMA communication method in which data representing continuous speech is sampled at a first data rate and data is transmitted at a second data rate, higher than the first data rate, whereby transmission of continuous speech data results in gaps in the transmitted data.
  20. A transmitter for CDMA communication, having means to sample input speech data at a first data rate and means to transmit data at a second data rate higher than the first data rate, whereby transmission of continuous speech data results in gaps in the transmitted data.
  21. A receiver for CDMA communication, having means to receive data at a transmission data rate, and means to decode received data with gaps into data for continuous speech at a speech data rate lower than the transmission data rate.
  22. A CDMA signal carrying continuous voice data at a first data rate in the form of data packets at a second data rate, higher than the first data rate, with gaps between them.
  23. A CDMA communication method comprising transmitting data from a transmitter over a first code-division channel, the said data having gaps arranged in a predictable manner, receiving the data at a receiver, predicting the gaps at the receiver, and during the gaps either receiving data over another code-division channel or searching for another transmitter which can be heard by the receiver.
  24. A transmitter for CDMA communication, having means to transmit data at a first data rate, and means to arrange data for transmission, which data has a data rate below the first data rate, into data at the first data rate with gaps distributed in it according to a predetermined rule.
  25. A receiver for CDMA transmission, having means for decoding data received over a code-division channel at a first data rate, means for identifying that the received data contains gaps and for predicting when gaps will occur, and control means for controlling the receiver to decode data received over a different code-division channel or to search for transmissions from a different receiver during said gaps.
  26. A CDMA signal carrying data at a first data rate in the form of data packets at a second data rate, higher than the first data rate, with gaps provided between packets according to a predetermined rule.
EP19940307987 1993-11-08 1994-10-31 CDMA communication with multiplex transmission of data over a long distance with a low to a high rate Expired - Lifetime EP0652650B1 (en)

Priority Applications (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP278523/93 1993-11-08
JP27852393 1993-11-08
JP27852393 1993-11-08
JP5558594 1994-03-25
JP55585/94 1994-03-25
JP5558594 1994-03-25
JP260601/94 1994-10-25
JP26060194 1994-10-25
JP26060194A JP3003839B2 (en) 1993-11-08 1994-10-25 Cdma communication method and apparatus

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0652650A2 true true EP0652650A2 (en) 1995-05-10
EP0652650A3 true EP0652650A3 (en) 1995-07-26
EP0652650B1 EP0652650B1 (en) 2001-12-19

Family

ID=27295636

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19940307987 Expired - Lifetime EP0652650B1 (en) 1993-11-08 1994-10-31 CDMA communication with multiplex transmission of data over a long distance with a low to a high rate

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (2) US5586113A (en)
EP (1) EP0652650B1 (en)
JP (1) JP3003839B2 (en)
KR (1) KR0131036B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1080965C (en)
CA (1) CA2134901C (en)
DE (2) DE69429497D1 (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0751630A2 (en) * 1995-06-30 1997-01-02 Nec Corporation Code division multiple access base station transmitter
WO1997040593A1 (en) * 1996-04-23 1997-10-30 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Code-rate increased compressed mode ds-cdma systems and methods
WO1997040592A1 (en) * 1996-04-23 1997-10-30 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Multi-code compressed mode ds-cdma systems and methods
EP0833457A2 (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-01 Texas Instruments Incorporated CDMA packet communication
WO1998024198A2 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-06-04 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method of setting load goal, and radio system
WO1998024199A2 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-06-04 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method for load control, and radio system
WO1998028867A1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-07-02 Airspan Communications Corporation Variable rate wireless telecommunication
WO1998028866A1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-07-02 Airspan Communications Corporation Variable rate wireless communication
EP0872025A1 (en) * 1995-05-25 1998-10-21 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Programmable matched filter for spread spectrum
WO1998058457A2 (en) * 1997-06-17 1998-12-23 Qualcomm Incorporated Reduced peak-to-average amplitude multichannel link
EP0920743A1 (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-06-09 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Symbol-matched filter having a low silicon and power requirement
EP0986280A2 (en) * 1998-09-07 2000-03-15 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Mobile station apparatus and base station apparatus with improved broadcast method
EP0994581A1 (en) * 1998-05-13 2000-04-19 Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc. Communication method and communication device
EP1011211A1 (en) * 1997-04-17 2000-06-21 Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US6512750B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2003-01-28 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Power setting in CDMA systems employing discontinuous transmission
EP1670157A2 (en) 1994-02-09 2006-06-14 NTT Mobile Communications Network, Inc. Method and system for CDMA mobile communication
US7298721B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2007-11-20 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Single-carrier/DS-CDMA packet transmitting method, uplink packet transmitting method in multi carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communication system, and structure of downlink channel in multi carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communication system
EP2106033A3 (en) * 1997-01-15 2012-06-27 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for operating a multichannel communication system

Families Citing this family (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6389010B1 (en) 1995-10-05 2002-05-14 Intermec Ip Corp. Hierarchical data collection network supporting packetized voice communications among wireless terminals and telephones
US5742583A (en) * 1994-11-03 1998-04-21 Omnipoint Corporation Antenna diversity techniques
FI97583C (en) * 1995-02-02 1997-01-10 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Data transmission method, transmitter and receiver
FI98174C (en) * 1995-05-09 1997-04-25 Nokia Telecommunications Oy The data transmission system, which is based on a sliding window datavuonohjaus
US7123600B2 (en) * 1995-06-30 2006-10-17 Interdigital Technology Corporation Initial power control for spread-spectrum communications
US7020111B2 (en) 1996-06-27 2006-03-28 Interdigital Technology Corporation System for using rapid acquisition spreading codes for spread-spectrum communications
US6885652B1 (en) 1995-06-30 2005-04-26 Interdigital Technology Corporation Code division multiple access (CDMA) communication system
US7929498B2 (en) * 1995-06-30 2011-04-19 Interdigital Technology Corporation Adaptive forward power control and adaptive reverse power control for spread-spectrum communications
DE69635315D1 (en) * 1995-06-30 2005-11-24 Interdigital Tech Corp Kodeverteilvielfachzugriffskommunikationssystem
JP3087886B2 (en) * 1995-10-24 2000-09-11 株式会社エヌ・ティ・ティ・ドコモ Cdma mobile communication retransmission control method
JP2927242B2 (en) * 1996-06-28 1999-07-28 日本電気株式会社 Error processing device and an error processing method for speech encoded data
US6061359A (en) * 1996-08-02 2000-05-09 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Increased-capacity, packet spread-spectrum system and method
US6456607B2 (en) * 1996-10-16 2002-09-24 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus and method for transmitting an image signal modulated with a spreading code
JP2815007B2 (en) * 1996-12-05 1998-10-27 日本電気株式会社 Variable rate cdma diffusion circuit
US6628630B1 (en) * 1997-04-15 2003-09-30 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Spread spectrum communication method
WO1998047253A1 (en) * 1997-04-16 1998-10-22 Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc. Cdma communication method
US6201799B1 (en) * 1997-05-01 2001-03-13 Lucent Technologies, Inc Partial decorrelation for a coherent multicode code division multiple access receiver
US6081536A (en) 1997-06-20 2000-06-27 Tantivy Communications, Inc. Dynamic bandwidth allocation to transmit a wireless protocol across a code division multiple access (CDMA) radio link
US7394791B2 (en) 1997-12-17 2008-07-01 Interdigital Technology Corporation Multi-detection of heartbeat to reduce error probability
US9525923B2 (en) 1997-12-17 2016-12-20 Intel Corporation Multi-detection of heartbeat to reduce error probability
US6151332A (en) 1997-06-20 2000-11-21 Tantivy Communications, Inc. Protocol conversion and bandwidth reduction technique providing multiple nB+D ISDN basic rate interface links over a wireless code division multiple access communication system
US5991330A (en) * 1997-06-27 1999-11-23 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Pub1) Mobile Station synchronization within a spread spectrum communication systems
CA2298599A1 (en) * 1997-07-31 1999-02-11 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson Communication using spread spectrum methods over optical fibers
US6104708A (en) * 1997-08-11 2000-08-15 Bbn Corporation Wireless data communications system
EP1441558B1 (en) 1997-08-19 2010-12-22 NTT DoCoMo, Inc. Signal transmission method and base station in mobile communication
US6542481B2 (en) * 1998-06-01 2003-04-01 Tantivy Communications, Inc. Dynamic bandwidth allocation for multiple access communication using session queues
US6208632B1 (en) 1998-01-29 2001-03-27 Sharp Laboratories Of America System and method for CDMA channel estimation
US6341124B1 (en) 1998-03-13 2002-01-22 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson Accommodating packet data loss at base stations interfacing between a packet switched network and a CDMA macrodiversity network
JP2878265B1 (en) * 1998-03-16 1999-04-05 三菱電機株式会社 Code allocation device and method thereof
JP3856261B2 (en) * 1998-03-18 2006-12-13 ソニー株式会社 Synchronization detection device
US6085104A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-07-04 Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc. Pilot aided, time-varying finite impulse response, adaptive channel matching receiving system and method
DE69939756D1 (en) 1998-03-26 2008-11-27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Apparatus for spread spectrum communication
JP3214466B2 (en) * 1998-04-07 2001-10-02 日本電気株式会社 Mobile communication system and a communication control method thereof and a base station and a mobile station for use therein
JP3058270B2 (en) 1998-04-22 2000-07-04 日本電気株式会社 Cdma communication method, a spread spectrum communication system, a base station, and the terminal device
EP1962523B1 (en) 1998-04-23 2010-05-19 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Methods for monitoring a control channel of a different system during an idle period in a CDMA mobile radio communication system
US6278699B1 (en) * 1998-06-22 2001-08-21 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Synchronization techniques and systems for spread spectrum radiocommunication
US6667961B1 (en) * 1998-09-26 2003-12-23 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Device and method for implementing handoff in mobile communication system
JP3267569B2 (en) 1998-11-27 2002-03-18 日本電気株式会社 Searcher control method and searcher controller and the wireless communication device
CN1076915C (en) * 1999-03-15 2001-12-26 华为技术有限公司 Wideband movable CDMA equipment capable of transmitting multichannel sound
US6496706B1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2002-12-17 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and system for transmit gating in a wireless communication system
KR100429545B1 (en) * 1999-08-17 2004-04-28 삼성전자주식회사 Method for communicating scrambling code id in mobile communication system
US6618375B2 (en) * 1999-09-13 2003-09-09 Qualcomm, Incorporated Radio link protocol frame sorting mechanism for dynamic capacity wireless data channels
US6526034B1 (en) 1999-09-21 2003-02-25 Tantivy Communications, Inc. Dual mode subscriber unit for short range, high rate and long range, lower rate data communications
KR100585832B1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2006-06-01 에스케이 텔레콤주식회사 Apparatus and method for expanding channels in CDMA system
CN1138354C (en) * 1999-11-11 2004-02-11 华为技术有限公司 Transmission method combining CDMA tech. with variable speed image compression coding tech.
US6324209B1 (en) * 2000-02-28 2001-11-27 Golden Bridge Technology Inc. Multi-channel spread spectrum system
JP4366847B2 (en) 2000-08-22 2009-11-18 ソニー株式会社 A semiconductor device and a mobile terminal device
WO2005114950A1 (en) * 2004-05-13 2005-12-01 Qualcomm Incorporated Header compression of multimedia data transmitted over a wireless communication system
US7369624B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2008-05-06 Orbital Sciences Corp. Carrier suppression type modulator with encoded modulating signals
US8442441B2 (en) * 2004-12-23 2013-05-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Traffic interference cancellation
US20070280377A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-06 Rucki John S Apparatus and method for controlling the output power of a transmitter using a pilot channel power level
CN101926208B (en) 2008-01-24 2014-01-22 株式会社Ntt都科摩 Wireless control apparatus and method to determine wireless transmission timing
EP2136520A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-23 Nokia Siemens Networks Oy Method and device for processing data and communication system comprising such device
KR200485112Y1 (en) 2016-01-08 2017-11-28 이양의 Mix coffee box with case for lump sugar

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0527340A1 (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-02-17 Alcatel Mobile Communication France Sequencing of signal processing in reduced rate communication mode for a digital cellular radio-telephone system
EP0538546A2 (en) * 1986-03-25 1993-04-28 Motorola Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a TDM communication device
WO1993014590A1 (en) * 1992-01-13 1993-07-22 Interdigital Technology Corporation Cdam/tdma spread-spectrum communications system and method
WO1993015502A1 (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-08-05 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and system for the arrangement of vocoder data for the masking of transmission channel induced errors

Family Cites Families (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0628351B2 (en) * 1984-01-12 1994-04-13 クラリオン株式会社 Communication channel sharing method of a spread spectrum communication system
DE3511430A1 (en) * 1985-03-29 1986-10-02 Philips Patentverwaltung A process for the synchronization of the receiving means in a digital multiplex transmission system
DE3527331A1 (en) * 1985-07-31 1987-02-05 Philips Patentverwaltung digital funkuebertragungssystem
JPH0577223B2 (en) * 1986-02-17 1993-10-26 Nippon Electric Co
JPS63202144A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-08-22 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Automobile telephone system
FR2650715B1 (en) * 1989-08-03 1991-11-08 Europ Agence Spatiale communications system division multiple access codes with Activated carrier by the voice of the user and synchronization code
JP2556141B2 (en) * 1989-08-23 1996-11-20 日本ビクター株式会社 Spread spectrum communication system
JPH05500137A (en) * 1989-09-01 1993-01-14
US5056109A (en) * 1989-11-07 1991-10-08 Qualcomm, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling transmission power in a cdma cellular mobile telephone system
JPH03198543A (en) * 1989-12-27 1991-08-29 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Synchronizing spread spectrum multiplex communication system
JPH0442629A (en) * 1990-06-08 1992-02-13 Ricoh Co Ltd Spread spectrum communication system
US5291515A (en) * 1990-06-14 1994-03-01 Clarion Co., Ltd. Spread spectrum communication device
DE59106942D1 (en) * 1990-11-22 1996-01-04 Ascom Tech Ag Multiple access method and mobile communication system for carrying out the multiple access method.
JPH04360434A (en) * 1991-06-07 1992-12-14 Canon Inc Spread spectrum transmitter and spread spectrum receiver
JPH05110504A (en) * 1991-10-14 1993-04-30 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Cord division multiple access system
DE69328750D1 (en) * 1992-04-13 2000-07-06 Ericsson Inc Call channel for "CDMA" mobile communication
WO1994029981A1 (en) * 1993-06-14 1994-12-22 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson Non-continuous transmission for seamless handover in ds-cdma systems
US5406629A (en) * 1993-12-20 1995-04-11 Motorola, Inc. Apparatus and method for digitally processing signals in a radio frequency communication system
US5481533A (en) * 1994-05-12 1996-01-02 Bell Communications Research, Inc. Hybrid intra-cell TDMA/inter-cell CDMA for wireless networks

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0538546A2 (en) * 1986-03-25 1993-04-28 Motorola Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling a TDM communication device
EP0527340A1 (en) * 1991-07-18 1993-02-17 Alcatel Mobile Communication France Sequencing of signal processing in reduced rate communication mode for a digital cellular radio-telephone system
WO1993014590A1 (en) * 1992-01-13 1993-07-22 Interdigital Technology Corporation Cdam/tdma spread-spectrum communications system and method
WO1993015502A1 (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-08-05 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and system for the arrangement of vocoder data for the masking of transmission channel induced errors

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1670157A2 (en) 1994-02-09 2006-06-14 NTT Mobile Communications Network, Inc. Method and system for CDMA mobile communication
US5883899A (en) * 1995-05-01 1999-03-16 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson Code-rate increased compressed mode DS-CDMA systems and methods
US5896368A (en) * 1995-05-01 1999-04-20 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson Multi-code compressed mode DS-CDMA systems and methods
EP0872025A1 (en) * 1995-05-25 1998-10-21 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Programmable matched filter for spread spectrum
EP0872025A4 (en) * 1995-05-25 2002-07-24 Golden Bridge Tech Inc Programmable matched filter for spread spectrum
EP1471659A3 (en) * 1995-06-30 2004-11-10 Nec Corporation Code division multiple access base station transmitter
EP1471659A2 (en) * 1995-06-30 2004-10-27 Nec Corporation Code division multiple access base station transmitter
EP0751630A3 (en) * 1995-06-30 1999-07-21 Nec Corporation Code division multiple access base station transmitter
EP0751630A2 (en) * 1995-06-30 1997-01-02 Nec Corporation Code division multiple access base station transmitter
WO1997040592A1 (en) * 1996-04-23 1997-10-30 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Multi-code compressed mode ds-cdma systems and methods
WO1997040593A1 (en) * 1996-04-23 1997-10-30 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Code-rate increased compressed mode ds-cdma systems and methods
EP0920743B1 (en) * 1996-08-22 2005-03-30 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Symbol-matched filter having a low silicon and power requirement
EP0920743A1 (en) * 1996-08-22 1999-06-09 Golden Bridge Technology, Inc. Symbol-matched filter having a low silicon and power requirement
EP0833457A2 (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-01 Texas Instruments Incorporated CDMA packet communication
EP0833457A3 (en) * 1996-09-27 2002-11-20 Texas Instruments Incorporated CDMA packet communication
US6173187B1 (en) 1996-11-26 2001-01-09 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method of setting load goal, and radio system
WO1998024198A3 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-07-16 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method of setting load goal, and radio system
WO1998024199A3 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-07-16 Seppo Granlund Method for load control, and radio system
US6317600B1 (en) 1996-11-26 2001-11-13 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method for load control, and radio system
WO1998024198A2 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-06-04 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method of setting load goal, and radio system
US6594495B2 (en) 1996-11-26 2003-07-15 Nokia Corporation Method for load control, and radio system
WO1998024199A2 (en) * 1996-11-26 1998-06-04 Nokia Telecommunications Oy Method for load control, and radio system
US6088326A (en) * 1996-12-20 2000-07-11 Airspan Communications Corporation Processing data transmitted and received over a wireless link connecting a central terminal and a subscriber terminal of a wireless telecommunications system
US6222819B1 (en) 1996-12-20 2001-04-24 Airspan Networks, Inc. Processing data transmitted and received over a wireless link connecting a central terminal and a subscriber terminal of a wireless telecommunications system
WO1998028867A1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-07-02 Airspan Communications Corporation Variable rate wireless telecommunication
WO1998028866A1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-07-02 Airspan Communications Corporation Variable rate wireless communication
US6381211B1 (en) 1996-12-20 2002-04-30 Airspan Networks Inc. Processing data transmitted and received over a wireless link connecting a central terminal and a subscriber terminal of a wireless telecommunications system
EP2106033A3 (en) * 1997-01-15 2012-06-27 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for operating a multichannel communication system
EP1492376A1 (en) * 1997-04-17 2004-12-29 NTT DoCoMo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US8005120B2 (en) 1997-04-17 2011-08-23 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US7095780B2 (en) 1997-04-17 2006-08-22 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
EP1011211A4 (en) * 1997-04-17 2001-01-24 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US7672357B2 (en) 1997-04-17 2010-03-02 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US6782035B1 (en) 1997-04-17 2004-08-24 Ntt Docomo Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
EP1011211A1 (en) * 1997-04-17 2000-06-21 Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US7826861B2 (en) 1997-04-17 2010-11-02 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US7443907B2 (en) 1997-04-17 2008-10-28 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Base station apparatus of mobile communication system
US6535478B2 (en) 1997-06-17 2003-03-18 Qualcomm Incorporated Reduced peak-to-average amplitude multichannel link
WO1998058457A3 (en) * 1997-06-17 1999-06-10 Qualcomm Inc Reduced peak-to-average amplitude multichannel link
WO1998058457A2 (en) * 1997-06-17 1998-12-23 Qualcomm Incorporated Reduced peak-to-average amplitude multichannel link
EP0994581A4 (en) * 1998-05-13 2005-03-09 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Communication method and communication device
EP0994581A1 (en) * 1998-05-13 2000-04-19 Ntt Mobile Communications Network Inc. Communication method and communication device
EP0986280A2 (en) * 1998-09-07 2000-03-15 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Mobile station apparatus and base station apparatus with improved broadcast method
US6614770B1 (en) 1998-09-07 2003-09-02 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Mobile station apparatus and base station apparatus
EP0986280A3 (en) * 1998-09-07 2001-01-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Mobile station apparatus and base station apparatus with improved broadcast method
US6512750B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2003-01-28 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Power setting in CDMA systems employing discontinuous transmission
US7298721B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2007-11-20 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Single-carrier/DS-CDMA packet transmitting method, uplink packet transmitting method in multi carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communication system, and structure of downlink channel in multi carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communication system
US8005110B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2011-08-23 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Single carrier/DS-CDMA packet transmission method, an uplink packet transmission method in a multi-carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communications system, and a structure of a downlink channel in a multi-carrier/DS-CDMA mobile communications system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
KR0131036B1 (en) 1998-04-21 grant
DE69429497T2 (en) 2002-06-27 grant
CN1080965C (en) 2002-03-13 grant
EP0652650A3 (en) 1995-07-26 application
CA2134901C (en) 2002-03-26 grant
CA2134901A1 (en) 1995-05-09 application
CN1113369A (en) 1995-12-13 application
US5734648A (en) 1998-03-31 grant
US5586113A (en) 1996-12-17 grant
JP3003839B2 (en) 2000-01-31 grant
JPH07312783A (en) 1995-11-28 application
DE69429497D1 (en) 2002-01-31 grant
EP0652650B1 (en) 2001-12-19 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5295153A (en) CDMA frequency allocation
US5513176A (en) Dual distributed antenna system
US5652764A (en) Radio communication system
US5815798A (en) Apparatus and method of controlling transmitting power in a subscriber terminal of a wireless telecommunications system
US5631921A (en) Adaptive power control for a spread spectrum communications system and method
US5818827A (en) Radio communication device and radio communication method
US5896368A (en) Multi-code compressed mode DS-CDMA systems and methods
USRE32905E (en) Satellite communications system and apparatus
US6504832B1 (en) Channel assigning device and method using quasi-orthogonal code in a CDMA communication system
US5809422A (en) Distributed microcellular communications system
US4455651A (en) Satellite communications system and apparatus
US5568472A (en) Code division multiple access mobile communication system
US5781541A (en) CDMA system having time-distributed transmission paths for multipath reception
US5416797A (en) System and method for generating signal waveforms in a CDMA cellular telephone system
US5321721A (en) Spread spectrum communication system and transmitter-receiver
US6577617B1 (en) Communication terminal apparatus, base station communication apparatus and radio communication method
US5430760A (en) Random access in mobile radio telephone systems
US5280472A (en) CDMA microcellular telephone system and distributed antenna system therefor
US5263045A (en) Spread spectrum conference call system and method
US5793757A (en) Telecommunication network having time orthogonal wideband and narrowband sytems
US7151761B1 (en) Code reservation for interference measurement in a CDMA radiocommunication system
US5210771A (en) Multiple user spread-spectrum communication system
Salmasi et al. On the system design aspects of code division multiple access (CDMA) applied to digital cellular and personal communications networks
US5274665A (en) Polyopoly overlapping spread spectrum communication system and method
US5299226A (en) Adaptive power control for a spread spectrum communications system and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A3

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19950925

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 19990531

RTI1 Title (correction)

Free format text: CDMA COMMUNICATION WITH MULTIPLEX TRANSMISSION OF DATA OVER A LONG DISTANCE WITH A LOW TO A HIGH RATE

RTI1 Title (correction)

Free format text: CDMA COMMUNICATION WITH MULTIPLEX TRANSMISSION OF DATA OVER A LONG DISTANCE WITH A LOW TO A HIGH RATE

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: NTT DOCOMO, INC.

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: IF02

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 69429497

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 20020131

ET Fr: translation filed
26N No opposition filed
PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20131009

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20131023

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20131030

Year of fee payment: 20

Ref country code: SE

Payment date: 20131011

Year of fee payment: 20

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: IT

Payment date: 20131023

Year of fee payment: 20

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R071

Ref document number: 69429497

Country of ref document: DE

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: PE20

Expiry date: 20141030

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF EXPIRATION OF PROTECTION

Effective date: 20141030

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: SE

Ref legal event code: EUG