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EP0532308A2 - Replaceable sub-assemblies for electrostatographic reproducing machines - Google Patents

Replaceable sub-assemblies for electrostatographic reproducing machines

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Publication number
EP0532308A2
EP0532308A2 EP19920308204 EP92308204A EP0532308A2 EP 0532308 A2 EP0532308 A2 EP 0532308A2 EP 19920308204 EP19920308204 EP 19920308204 EP 92308204 A EP92308204 A EP 92308204A EP 0532308 A2 EP0532308 A2 EP 0532308A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
machine
cassette
toner
memory
sub
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19920308204
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0532308A3 (en )
EP0532308B1 (en )
Inventor
Sueur Eric John Le
Shelley May Taylor
Krzysztof Jerzy Less
Robin Ashley Collins
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xerox Corp
Original Assignee
Xerox Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G21/00Arrangements not provided for by groups G03G13/00 - G03G19/00, e.g. cleaning, elimination of residual charge
    • G03G21/16Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements
    • G03G21/18Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements using a processing cartridge, whereby the process cartridge comprises at least two image processing means in a single unit
    • G03G21/1875Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements using a processing cartridge, whereby the process cartridge comprises at least two image processing means in a single unit provided with identifying means or means for storing process- or use parameters, e.g. lifetime of the cartridge
    • G03G21/1878Electronically readable memory
    • G03G21/1889Electronically readable memory for auto-setting of process parameters, lifetime, usage
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2215/00Apparatus for electrophotographic processes
    • G03G2215/00025Machine control, e.g. regulating different parts of the machine
    • G03G2215/00029Image density detection
    • G03G2215/00033Image density detection on recording member
    • G03G2215/00037Toner image detection
    • G03G2215/00042Optical detection
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2221/00Processes not provided for by group G03G2215/00, e.g. cleaning or residual charge elimination
    • G03G2221/16Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts
    • G03G2221/1606Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts for the photosensitive element
    • G03G2221/1615Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts for the photosensitive element being a belt
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2221/00Processes not provided for by group G03G2215/00, e.g. cleaning or residual charge elimination
    • G03G2221/16Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts
    • G03G2221/1663Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts having lifetime indicators
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2221/00Processes not provided for by group G03G2215/00, e.g. cleaning or residual charge elimination
    • G03G2221/16Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts
    • G03G2221/18Cartridge systems
    • G03G2221/1823Cartridges having electronically readable memory
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2221/00Processes not provided for by group G03G2215/00, e.g. cleaning or residual charge elimination
    • G03G2221/16Mechanical means for facilitating the maintenance of the apparatus, e.g. modular arrangements and complete machine concepts
    • G03G2221/18Cartridge systems
    • G03G2221/183Process cartridge
    • G03G2221/1838Autosetting of process parameters

Abstract

In an electrostatographic printing/copying machine, the developer device for developing electrostatographic latent images with toner is located in a replaceable sub-assembly, or cassette. The sub-assembly is provided with a programmable memory which is connected with the machine when the sub-assembly is inserted therein. The memory receives and stores an input from the machine representing the usage of the sub-assembly. The memory indicates that usage to the machine and at least one operating parameter of the machine is adjusted accordingly.

Description

  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to electrostatographic reproducing machines and, in particular, to machines which incorporate replaceable sub-assemblies.
  • [0002]
    Replaceable sub-assemblies, or cartridges, for use in electrostatographic copiers and printers are known. In some machines, for example, the machine photoreceptor and its supporting hardware are assembled into a process unit which can be removed from the machine and replaced by a new unit as required. Similarly, developer cartridges and toner supply cartridges can be provided.
  • [0003]
    One form of replaceable unit for an electrostatographic reproducing machine is described in US-A-4 827 308. That unit houses a belt photoreceptor and various processing means, namely a development device, a transfer corotron, a cleaner and a charge corotron.
  • [0004]
    An electrostatographic reproducing machine that employs a xerographic cartridge, a developer cartridge and a toner cartridge is described in US-A-4 961 088. Each cartridge has an identification/memory chip in the form of an EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Progammable Read Only Memory) integral therewith, which is electrically connected with the machine when the cartridge is inserted. The EEPROM ensures that only authorized cartridges are used in the machine, and it also maintains a running count of the number of images made while a cartridge is in use so that a cartridge can be disabled when it reaches the end of its life.
  • [0005]
    US-A-4 500 195 describes a replaceable unit for an image forming apparatus, comprising a photosensitive drum, a toner supply cartridge and a toner recovery container. When the replaceable unit is manufactured, an arm on the outside of the unit is set to a certain position dependent on the characteristics of the photosensitive drum and, when the unit is inserted in the machine, the arm automatically sets the machine to operate under the most appropriate image forming conditions.
  • [0006]
    A replaceable sub-assembly for an electrostatographic reproducing machine does not necessarily remain in place in a machine continuously for the whole of its useful life. For example, if a different colour of toner is required, a sub-assembly may be removed and temporarily replaced by another. The present invention is concerned in particular with subassemblies which incorporate a developer device and is directed towards enabling the best performance to be obtained from such a sub-assembly regardless of how often it is removed from a machine or how many different machines the sub-assembly is used in throughout its life.
  • [0007]
    The present invention provides a replaceable sub-assembly for an electrostatographic reproducing machine, the sub-assembly including a developer device for developing, with toner, a latent image on a circulating imaging member and being provided with a programmable memory arranged to be connected with the machine when the sub-assembly is inserted therein and thereby to receive and store an input from the machine representing the usage of the sub-assembly, the memory indicating said usage to the machine to adjust one or more operating parameters of the machine in dependence on that usage.
  • [0008]
    The memory may be arranged to receive an input representing the number of images developed, or an input representing the image area on which toner is deposited by the developer device, while the sub-assembly is inserted in a machine.
  • [0009]
    The operating parameter that is adjusted may be the relationship between toner usage by the developer device and operation of a toner dispensing means which dispenses toner to the developer device.
  • [0010]
    The present invention further provides an electrostatographic reproducing machine comprising a circulating imaging member, means for generating a latent image on the imaging member; a developer device for developing the latent image with toner, and means for dispensing toner to the developer device from a toner supply, wherein the developer device forms part of a sub-assembly which can be removed from, and replaced in, the machine, the subassembly being provided with a programmable memory which is connected with the machine when the sub-assembly is inserted therein, thereby to receive and store an input from the machine representing the usage of the sub-assembly, the memory indicating said usage to the machine to adjust an operating parameter of the machine in dependence on that usage.
  • [0011]
    By way of example only, an embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an electrostatographic printer;
    • Fig. 2 is a schematic cross-section of a replaceable sub-assembly for the printer of Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the sub-assembly shown in Fig. 2, illustrating the connection of the sub-assembly in the printer;
    • Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating the relationship between various parts of the printer, and
    • Figs. 5 is a flow diagram illustrating part of the printer operating procedure.
  • [0012]
    Fig. 1 shows a laser printer employing a replaceable sub-assembly in the form of a xerographic cassette 1 which is shown in greater detail in Figs. 2 and 3. A xerographic imaging member in the form of an endless flexible photoreceptor belt is housed within the cassette 1, together with other xerographic process means as described below. A raster output scanner (ROS) 2 provides an imaging beam 3 which is directed at the photoreceptor belt through an imaging slit in the cassette 1 to form an electrostatic latent image on the belt. The image is developed within the cassette and is transferred, at a transfer station 4, to a copy sheet which is fed to that location from one of four supply trays 5, 6, 7 and 8. The transferred image is fused to the copy sheet at a fusing station 9 and the copy sheet may then be delivered from the printer to be collected either in a sample tray 10 on top of the machine or in a stacking tray on the side of the machine. Alternatively, a copy sheet with a fused image on one side only may be put into a trayless duplex path within the machine, to be returned to the transfer station 4 to receive an image on the other side before being delivered from the machine into one of the trays 10, 11.
  • [0013]
    The raster output scanner 2 incorporates a He-Ne laser to generate the imaging beam 3, a conventional rotating polygon device to sweep the beam across the surface of the photoreceptor belt, and an acoustic modulator. The beam is modulated in accordance with input signals received from a remote image source, for example a user interface and keyboard (not shown). The operation of a raster output scanner of that type to generate a latent image on a photoreceptor is well understood and need not be described here. The processing of the image signals from the remote source is handled by an electronic sub-system of the printer, indicated at 15, while operation of the printer generally is under the control of a machine control unit (not shown) which includes one or more microprocessors and suitable memories, for holding the machine operating software.
  • [0014]
    The cassette 1 may be similar to that described in US Patent No. 4 827 308. In addition to the photoreceptor belt 20, it includes a charge scorotron 21; a developer device 22; a transfer corotron 23 and a cleaning device 24. The charge scorotron 21 is located upstream of the imaging slit in the cassette to deposit a uniform electrostatic charge on the surface of the belt before it is exposed to the imaging beam 3. The developer device 22 is located downstream of the imaging slit to bring developer mixture into proximity with, and thereby develop, the electrostatic latent image on the belt. The developer mixture is a two-component mixture comprising toner and a magnetically-attractable carrier. Toner is transferred to the belt 20 during image development and replacement toner is dispensed periodically, through operation of a toner dispense motor (not shown), from a hopper (not shown)into the housing of the developer device 22. The transfer corotron 23 is located at the transfer station 4 to assist in transferring the developed image from the belt to the copy sheet which enters the cassette at that at that point. Finally, the cleaning device 24 removes any residual toner particles from the surface of the photoreceptor belt which is then illuminated by a discharge lamp to remove any electrostatic charge remaining on the belt.
  • [0015]
    The cassette 1, as already mentioned, is removable from the printer and can be replaced by another cassette if any of the process elements begins to deteriorate. Alternatively, it can be replaced by a cassette which contains toner of a different colour.
  • [0016]
    The cassette 1 has a memory chip 30, shown in Fig. 3, in the form of an EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) mounted in the top cover of the cassette. Contact pads 31 are provided on the chip so that, when the cassette is inserted into the printer, the chip is automatically connected to the machine control unit via a terminal block 32 on a part 33 of the printer. When inserted in the printer, the memory 30 receives information from the printer control unit reflecting the usage (and hence the age) of the cassette 1, and stores that information. For example, the memory 30 may receive and store information concerning the number of prints made while the cassette is in position in the printer, that information being retained if the cassette is removed from the printer for any reason. That information is, in turn, utilized to adjust one or more operating parameters of the xerographic system of the printer to take account of the age of the cassette and thereby to enable the output quality of the printer to be maintained and the operating life of the cassette to be prolonged. The operating parameters that may be adjusted in dependence on the information stored in the memory 30 include, for example, photoreceptor charge level, exposure level, developer bias level and the response level of the ADC (automatic density control) system.
  • [0017]
    Throughout normal operation of the printer, the ADC system regularly measures the toner density in the prints produced and signals the printer control unit to operate the toner dispensing motor to supply toner to the developer device 22 when necessary. The response of the control unit, and hence the amount of toner dispensed, is determined by the so-called ADC "setpoint" in the machine memory. Automatic density control systems for use in electrostatographic reproducing machines are well known and need not be described in detail here. A known type of automatic density control system comprises means for generating a test patch on the photoreceptor and a sensor for measuring the reflectance of the developed patch to determine the toner density: one such system is described, for example, in US-A- 4 551 004, and a test patch generator suitable for a laser printer of the type shown in Fig. 1 is described in our co-pending Patent Application No. (R/91016).
  • [0018]
    As the age of the cassette 1 increases, the development characteristics of the developer device 22 may change, leading to, for example, deterioration of the line development performance of the printer even though the solid area development capability may remain constant due to the action of the ADC system. It is however possible to regain the line development performance at the expense of the solid area development (SAD) performance by adjusting the ADC setpoint as the cassette ages, so that the line development performance stays constant with age but the SAD performance changes instead. Thus, one possible use of the information contained in the cassette memory 30 is to enable such adjustment of the ADC setpoint to be carried out. When the cassette shown in Figs. 2 and 3 is inserted in the printer, the machine control unit is immediately supplied with information concerning the age of the cassette and at regular intervals in the life of the cassette (as monitored by the machine controller in conjunction with the memory device 30), when it is estimated that the line density performance will have drifted away from its intended performance level, the ADC setpoint is adjusted to restore the line development performance. That is illustrated in Fig. 4 which shows the machine control unit 40 with an input from the conventional automatic density sensor 41 and also from the cassette memory 30. The response of the machine control unit to the signal from the sensor 41 is adjusted in accordance with the input from the cassette memory 30 and in turn adjusts the operation of the toner dispensing motor 42.
  • [0019]
    The change in the SAD performance which results from the above-described procedure may, however, be unacceptable. If so, a similar procedure can be used to change other parameters such as the photoreceptor charge level, the exposure level and the developer bias voltage, in dependence on the age of the cassette 1, at the same time as changing the ADC setpoint so that the line development performance and the SAD performance are both satisfactory. More particularly, for any cassette age, it is possible to select values of the ADC setpoint, the photoreceptor charge level, the exposure level and the developer bias voltage such that both the line development performance and the SAD performance meet their requirements. For each additional parameter that is to be adjusted, the appropriate control loop would appear in Fig. 4 in parallel with the loop 42, 22, 41.
  • [0020]
    Another effect that may occur as the cassette 1 ages is that the concentration of toner in the sump of the developer device drops even though the print quality parameters are satisfied. Use of the cassette at such reduced toner concentration levels may cause a shortening of the life of the developer material and thus of the cassette. The adjustment of parameters as described above can also be used to counteract such effects, so that not only are all the print quality parameters at their desired levels for any cassette age, but the toner concentration is also at its desired level, thus prolonging the usable life of the cassette.
  • [0021]
    Such optimum operating parameters may be determined from experimental and theoretical data on a number of sample systems and held as look-up tables or algorithms in the machine control unit. The storing of the age of the cassette in the memory device 30 makes it possible to use such correction tables and algorithms with accuracy and confidence, since the age of the cassette is stored even when the cassette is withdrawn from the machine, and is retrieved by the machine upon re-installing the cassette into the machine.
  • [0022]
    Referring to Figs. 5, whenever the printer is powered up, the print count stored in the cassette memory 30 is read and stored in a non-volatile memory (NVM) in the machine control unit 40. The machine is programmed to update the print count in the cassette memory periodically and, if the machine determines that an update is due, the new value is written back into the cassette memory 30 where it is retained even if the cassette is then removed from the machine. For example, the cassette memory may be updated whenever the machine control unit determines that 200 prints have been made since the cassette memory was previously updated. The machine control unit then examines the cassette print count to determine whether or not it has reached a value at which the operating parameters of the xerographic system should be adjusted. The control unit may, for example, be programmed to adjust the operating parameters when the machine control unit determines that 8000 prints have been made since the previous adjustment. Thereafter, on receipt of a print request, the machine control unit 40 counts the number of prints made and, when a print run is completed, stores the total number of prints made during that run for use in updating the cassette print count as already described. Alternatively, the cassette print count could be updated during, rather than at the end of, a print run.
  • [0023]
    Because the machine is supplied with information regarding the age of a cassette and can compensate for changes that occur as the development system ages, an improved performance can be achieved together with more efficient use of the available toner in the cassette.
  • [0024]
    Although the above description refers to the the age of a cassette being related to the accumulated number of prints made while the cassette is in use, other factors could be used to indicate the age of a cassette. For example, the cassette memory 30 could store the number of revolutions of the photoreceptor belt or the number of charge cycles that occur in the cassette, both of which indirectly indicate the number of prints made, or it could store the area coverage (as represented by the number of pixels toned) while the cassette is in use. Alternatively, the cassette memory 30 could be supplied continuously with, and store, information concerning the difference between the intended and the actual charge on the photoreceptor 20 as an indication of the age of the cassette 1. When the cassette is removed from the printer, for example because a cassette containing toner of a different colour is required, the most recent measurement indicating the age of the cassette is stored and is immediately available for use by the machine controller as already described.
  • [0025]
    Although the above description refers to the cassette of Figs. 2 and 3 as being used in a laser printer, that is not essential. A cassette incorporating a memory for storing information concerning the age of the cassette could be used, for example, in an electrostatographic copier which could be of the type described in US-A-4 827 308. Moreover, the cassette need not be of the type described above. The cassette could, for example, simply be a toner cassette and need not include the photoreceptor of the machine.
  • [0026]
    A cassette of the type described above could be used in a printer of the type described in our co-pending U.K. Patent Application No.9119484.5, in which the number of pixels to be toned in a photoreceptor cycle is used to indicate the amount of toner that should be dispensed to the developer device 22 during that cycle. In that printer, the toner density monitoring system is used to provide additional control over the amount of toner that is dispensed to the developer device 22 in any given photoreceptor cycle.

Claims (9)

  1. A replaceable sub-assembly (1) for an electrostatographic reproducing machine, the sub-assembly including a developer device (22) for developing, with toner, a latent image on a circulating imaging member (20) and being provided with a programmable memory (30) arranged to be connected with the machine when the sub-assembly is inserted therein and thereby to receive and store an input from the machine representing the usage of the sub-assembly, the memory indicating said usage to the machine to adjust at least one operating parameter of the machine in dependence on that usage.
  2. A sub-assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which the memory is arranged to receive an input representing the number of images developed while the sub-assembly is inserted in a machine, or the image area on which toner is deposited by the developer device.
  3. A sub-assembly as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, in which an operating parameter that is adjusted is the relationship between toner development by the developer device and operation of a toner dispensing means (42) which dispenses toner to the developer device.
  4. An electrostatographic reproducing machine comprising a circulating imaging member (20), means (2) for generating a latent image on the imaging member; a developer device (22) for developing the latent image with toner, and means (42) for dispensing toner to the developer device from a toner supply, wherein the developer device forms part of a sub-assembly (1) which can be removed from, and replaced in, the machine, the sub-assembly being provided with a programmable memory (30) which is connected with the machine when the sub-assembly is inserted therein, thereby to receive and store an input from the machine representing the usage of the sub-assembly, the memory indicating said usage to the machine to adjust at least one operating parameter of the machine in dependence on that usage.
  5. A machine as claimed in claim 4, in which the memory is arranged to receive an input representing the number of images developed while the sub-assembly is inserted in a machine, or the image area on which toner is deposited by the developer device.
  6. A machine as claimed in claim 4 or claim 5, in which the toner dispensing means is operable in dependence on toner development by the developer device, and in which an operating parameter that is adjusted is the relationship between the said toner development and operation of the toner dispensing means.
  7. A machine as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 6, in which an operating parameter that is adjusted is the charge level on the imaging member, the exposure level to the image generating means and/or the electrical bias in the developer device.
  8. A machine as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 7, in which the memory is updated whenever a predetermined number of prints has been made by the machine.
  9. A machine as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 8, in which the said at least one operating parameter is adjusted when the memory indicates a predetermined level of usage of the cassette.
EP19920308204 1991-09-11 1992-09-10 Replaceable sub-assemblies for electrostatographic reproducing machines Expired - Lifetime EP0532308B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9119483 1991-09-11
GB9119483A GB9119483D0 (en) 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Replaceable sub-assemblies for electrostatographic reproducing machines

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0532308A2 true true EP0532308A2 (en) 1993-03-17
EP0532308A3 true EP0532308A3 (en) 1994-06-15
EP0532308B1 EP0532308B1 (en) 1997-02-05

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EP19920308204 Expired - Lifetime EP0532308B1 (en) 1991-09-11 1992-09-10 Replaceable sub-assemblies for electrostatographic reproducing machines

Country Status (4)

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EP (1) EP0532308B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH05197233A (en)
DE (2) DE69217304D1 (en)
GB (1) GB9119483D0 (en)

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EP0784249A2 (en) * 1996-01-09 1997-07-16 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus, and cartridge mountable in image forming apparatus
EP0822469A1 (en) * 1996-07-31 1998-02-04 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Process cartridge and image forming apparatus to which process cartridge can detachably be mounted
EP0858012A1 (en) * 1994-08-30 1998-08-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus with detachable process unit
WO1998043136A1 (en) * 1997-03-26 1998-10-01 Oce Printing Systems Gmbh Printing or copying appliance with exchangeable part units which have an identification device, method for operating an appliance of this type and toner containers for use in the same
EP0877304A2 (en) * 1997-04-11 1998-11-11 Xerox Corporation System for managing fuser modules in a digital printing apparatus
EP0913737A2 (en) * 1997-10-28 1999-05-06 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus, and recycle processing apparatus for recycling image forming unit
DE19812106A1 (en) * 1998-03-19 1999-09-30 Oce Printing Systems Gmbh Printer or copier with exchangeable modules
FR2778142A1 (en) * 1998-04-30 1999-11-05 Sagem IMPROVED consumable cartridge for printer
EP0987608A2 (en) 1998-09-18 2000-03-22 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Unit detachably attachable to main body of image forming apparatus and image forming method and apparatus
EP1055979A2 (en) * 1999-05-24 2000-11-29 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus and process unit mountable to image forming apparatus
EP1093034A2 (en) * 1999-10-15 2001-04-18 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus and cartridge detachably mountable thereto
EP1341055A1 (en) * 1997-04-11 2003-09-03 Xerox Corporation Method for operating a printing system and printing apparatus
GB2389196A (en) * 2002-04-05 2003-12-03 Pbt Internat Ltd A development process cartridge with a re-programmable memory device.
US6807382B1 (en) 1999-10-15 2004-10-19 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus and cartridge detachably mountable thereto

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EP0244104A2 (en) * 1986-04-15 1987-11-04 Xerox Corporation Process unit for an imaging apparatus
EP0262640A2 (en) * 1986-09-30 1988-04-06 Mita Industrial Co. Ltd. Image-forming machine
EP0393627A2 (en) * 1989-04-18 1990-10-24 Tokyo Electric Co., Ltd. Electrophotographic printing device
EP0395320A1 (en) * 1989-04-20 1990-10-31 Xerox Corporation A monitor/warranty system for electrostatographic reproducing machines using replaceable cartridges

Cited By (37)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0858012A1 (en) * 1994-08-30 1998-08-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus with detachable process unit
US6163658A (en) * 1996-01-09 2000-12-19 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Process cartridge for storing compressed information detachably mountable to a main assembly of an image forming apparatus, and an image forming apparatus including such cartridge
EP0784249A3 (en) * 1996-01-09 1998-11-11 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus, and cartridge mountable in image forming apparatus
EP0784249A2 (en) * 1996-01-09 1997-07-16 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus, and cartridge mountable in image forming apparatus
EP0822469A1 (en) * 1996-07-31 1998-02-04 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Process cartridge and image forming apparatus to which process cartridge can detachably be mounted
US5963759A (en) * 1996-07-31 1999-10-05 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Process cartridge and image forming apparatus to which process cartridge can detachably be mounted
WO1998043136A1 (en) * 1997-03-26 1998-10-01 Oce Printing Systems Gmbh Printing or copying appliance with exchangeable part units which have an identification device, method for operating an appliance of this type and toner containers for use in the same
EP1016935A3 (en) * 1997-03-26 2000-10-18 Océ Printing Systems GmbH Printing or copying appliance with exchangeable part units which have an identification device, method for operating an appliance of this type and toner containers for use in the same
EP1016935A2 (en) * 1997-03-26 2000-07-05 Océ Printing Systems GmbH Printing or copying appliance with exchangeable part units which have an identification device, method for operating an appliance of this type and toner containers for use in the same
US6181885B1 (en) 1997-03-26 2001-01-30 Oc{acute over (e)} Printing Systems GmbH Printing or copying appliance with exchangeable part units which have an identification device, method for operating an appliance of this type and toner containers for use in the same
US7773239B2 (en) 1997-04-11 2010-08-10 Xerox Corporation System for managing replaceable modules in a digital printing apparatus
US7649638B2 (en) 1997-04-11 2010-01-19 Xerox Corporation System for managing replaceable modules in a digital printing apparatus
US6940613B1 (en) 1997-04-11 2005-09-06 Xerox Corporation System for managing replaceable modules in a digital printing apparatus
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0532308A3 (en) 1994-06-15 application
DE69217304D1 (en) 1997-03-20 grant
DE69217304T2 (en) 1997-07-17 grant
GB9119483D0 (en) 1991-10-23 grant
EP0532308B1 (en) 1997-02-05 grant
JPH05197233A (en) 1993-08-06 application

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