EP0530164A1 - Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine - Google Patents

Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0530164A1
EP0530164A1 EP19920850184 EP92850184A EP0530164A1 EP 0530164 A1 EP0530164 A1 EP 0530164A1 EP 19920850184 EP19920850184 EP 19920850184 EP 92850184 A EP92850184 A EP 92850184A EP 0530164 A1 EP0530164 A1 EP 0530164A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cylinders
drying
cylinder
placed
leading
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19920850184
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0530164B1 (en
Inventor
Aimo Törmänen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Valmet Oy
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Valmet Paper Machinery Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FI913648A priority Critical patent/FI95937C/en
Priority to FI913648 priority
Application filed by Valmet Paper Machinery Inc filed Critical Valmet Paper Machinery Inc
Publication of EP0530164A1 publication Critical patent/EP0530164A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0530164B1 publication Critical patent/EP0530164B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F5/00Dryer section of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F5/02Drying on cylinders
    • D21F5/04Drying on cylinders on two or more drying cylinders
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F5/00Dryer section of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F5/02Drying on cylinders
    • D21F5/04Drying on cylinders on two or more drying cylinders
    • D21F5/042Drying on cylinders on two or more drying cylinders in combination with suction or blowing devices

Abstract

The invention concerns a grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine, in which drying section the paper web (W) and the wire (H) are carried meandering from a heated, preferably steam-heated, drying cylinder (K) onto a leading cylinder (V) and from the leading cylinder (V) further onto the next heated drying cylinder (K). A drying group (R) consists of a number of subsequent groupings of cylinders, whereby, in a grouping of cylinders, the drying cylinders (Kn-2,Kn-1,Kn) and the leading cylinders (Vn-1, Vn) are placed, in relation to one another, substantially at three different height levels, so that the drying cylinders (Kn-2, Kn) with larger diameter are placed at the height level (Y₁) and the drying cylinder (Kn-1) that has a diameter smaller than said larger diameter is placed at the height level (Y₂). In the grouping of cylinders the leading cylinders (Vn-1, Vn) are placed at the third height level (Y₃).

Description

  • The invention concerns a grouping of the cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine.
  • In the prior-art constructions of drying sections in paper machines, the drying section consists of drying groups. Each drying group comprises heated drying cylinders and cold leading cylinders placed in a level different from the level of the drying cylinders. Being supported by the wire, the paper web is passed meandering from a drying cylinder onto a leading cylinder and further from the leading cylinder onto the next drying cylinder. The drying cylinders are placed in the same level in relation to one another and in a level different from the level of the leading cylinders. In the prior-art constructions of drying sections, the overall length of the drying section becomes remarkably long. On the other hand, the overall length of the drying section affects the requirement of the building area of the paper mill. If it is possible to reduce the length of the drying section, it is also possible to lower the building cost required by the paper machine in the same proportion.
  • Thus, the object of the invention is to provide a drying section of a novel type for a paper machine, which is considerably shorter than a prior-art drying section with an equivalent drying capacity and with an equal number of cylinders.
  • The object of the invention has been achieved by means of a novel grouping in accordance with the invention of the heated drying cylinders and the cold leading cylinders in the drying section of the paper machine. As a result of the grouping, the overall length required by the drying section can be reduced considerably. However, the drying section in accordance with the invention has a drying capacity equal to that of a prior-art drying section with the same number of cylinders.
  • According to the invention, the drying section has been formed so that it comprises heated, in particular steam-heated, drying cylinders of two sizes. The drying cylinders of larger diameter are fitted to be placed at a height level of their own, and, in a corresponding way, the drying cylinders of smaller diameter are fitted to be placed at a height level of their own. Further, the drying section comprises cold leading cylinders, which are placed at two different height levels, i.e. at a height level Y₃ and at a height level Y₂′, the latter height level being substantially the same as that of the drying cylinders of smaller diameter. The paper web and the wire are passed meandering from a drying cylinder of larger diameter onto a leading cylinder and from the leading cylinder onto a drying cylinder of smaller diameter. From the drying cylinder of smaller diameter the paper web and the wire are passed onto a second leading cylinder and from the leading cylinder onto a second heated drying cylinder of larger diameter. By means of the above grouping of cylinders and choice of diameters of drying cylinders, it is possible to form, for example, a drying section whose overall length is, compared with a prior-art 71-cylinder Sym-Run drying section, 18 metres shorter.
  • The grouping in accordance with the invention of the cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine is mainly characterized in what is stated in claim 1.
  • The invention will be described in the following with reference to some preferred embodiments of the invention illustrated in the figures in the accompanying drawings, the invention being, yet, not supposed to be confined to said embodiments alone.
  • Figure 1 shows a prior-art drying section.
  • Figure 2 shows a drying section in accordance with the invention.
  • Figure 3 is a more detailed illustration of the grouping of the cylinders in a drying section in accordance with the invention.
  • As is shown in Fig. 1, a prior-art drying section consists of groups R₁,R₂,...Rn of drying cylinders. Each group R₁,R₂,R₃,R₄,...Rn of drying cylinders comprises hot, preferably steam-heated drying cylinders of larger diameter and smaller cold, so-called leading cylinders placed at a level different from the level of the drying cylinders. In each group R₁,R₂,..., the paper web is passed, being supported by the wire H, from a drying cylinder K onto a leading cylinder V placed at a different level and further from the leading cylinder V back to the upper level onto a heated drying cylinder placed at said level.
  • The leading cylinders are preferably perforated Uno-Vac cylinders, into which an internal negative pressure is introduced and which negative pressure is allowed to act upon the entire space in the interior of the drying cylinder, whereby the web is kept in contact with the wire also in the web draws in which the web W is not supported by a wire. Fig. 1 shows a construction of a drying section that comprises seven groups of drying cylinders, of which the second group from the end is an inverted group, in which the steam-heated drying cylinders K are placed at a lower level and the cold leading cylinders V are placed at a higher level above them.
  • Fig. 2 shows an improvement over the prior art illustrated in Fig. 1. In the construction, it has been possible to reduce the length of the drying section by forming the drying groups by means of a novel grouping of the drying cylinders and leading cylinders. In the solution shown in Fig. 2, there are six drying groups R₁...R₆, the second group R₅ from the end being a so-called inverted group, in which the steam-heated drying cylinders K are placed at the lowest levels and the leading cylinders V at a higher level above them.
  • The groups R₁...R₄ and R₆ are provided with a grouping of the heated drying cylinders K and of the leading cylinders V in accordance with the invention. The whole drying section comprises 28 steam-heated drying cylinders K and 29 cold cylinders, i.e. leading cylinders V. In the way shown in Fig. 2, the heated drying cylinders K in a drying group R are placed in such a way in relation to one another that a drying cylinder K of smaller diameter is placed at a height level Y₂, which is a height level different from the height level Y₁ of the drying cylinders K of larger diameter. The leading cylinders V are placed at the height level Y₂′ and at the height level Y₃. The paper web W is passed, e.g. in the drying group R₁, from the leading cylinder V₁ placed at the height level Y₂′ onto the drying cylinder K₂ placed at the height level Y₁ and from the drying cylinder K₂ onto the leading cylinder V₂ placed at the height level Y₃, and from said leading cylinder onto the heated drying cylinder K₃ of smaller diameter placed at the height level Y₂. From the heating cylinder K₃ the web R is passed onto the leading cylinder V₃ placed at the height level Y₃ and from the leading cylinder V₃ onto the drying cylinder K₄ placed at the height level Y₁. From the drying cylinder K₄ the web R is again passed onto the leading cylinder V₄ placed at the height level Y₂′.
  • In a corresponding way, the wire H₁ is passed so that in connection with the heated drying cylinders K₂ and K₄ the paper web W runs between the wire H₁ and the face of the drying cylinder K₂ and K₄, and in connection with the leading cylinders V₂ and V₃ the web W runs outermost. Correspondingly, in connection with the drying cylinder K₃ with smaller diameter the paper web W runs between the drying cylinder K₃ and the wire H₁.
  • Thus, in the groups R₁,R₂,R₃,R₄ and in the group R₆ the hot drying cylinders K and the leading cylinders V are placed at four different height levels Y₁,Y₂,Y₂′,Y₃ so that the hot drying cylinders K are placed at two different levels Y₁,Y₂ and the leading cylinders V at the level Y₂′ and at the level Y₃. The height levels Y₂ and Y₂′ are levels substantially equal to one another. The level Y₂′ is placed slightly higher than the level Y₂. The diameter dimensions of the leading cylinders V placed at the levels Y₂′ and Y₃ are just slightly different from one another. The leading cylinders V at the level Y₂′ have a slightly larger diameter than the leading cylinders V at the level Y₃. The diameters of both of the leading cylinders V placed at the levels Y₃ and Y₂′ are slightly smaller than the diameters of the heated drying cylinders K placed at the height level Y₂. The diameter of the drying cylinder K placed at the middle height position Y₂ is smaller than the diameter of the drying cylinders K placed at the first height level Y₁. In this way, between the drying cylinders K and the leading cylinders V, a novel grouping has been provided which results in considerable economies of space in the machine direction. The drying capacity is good and corresponds to that of a prior-art drying section of equal number of cylinders and larger length.
  • Fig. 3 is a more detailed illustration of the grouping in accordance with the invention between the heated drying cylinders and the cold cylinders, i.e. the leading rolls. In the way shown in Fig. 3, each drying group R₁,R₂... consists of cylinder groupings in which the heated drying cylinders are placed at two height levels, the levels Y₁ and Y₂. The leading cylinders are placed at the height level Y₂′ and at the height level Y₃. Moreover, the diameter of the heated drying cylinder placed at the middle height level Y₂ is smaller than the diameter of the drying cylinder placed at the level Y₁.
  • Together with the wire H, the paper web W is passed from the leading cylinder Vn-2 of the height level Y₂′ onto the drying cylinder Kn-2, of the level Y₁. From the drying cylinder Kn-2, the web W is passed onto the leading cylinder Vn-1, and from the leading cylinder Vn-1 further, with the wire H, onto the middle heated drying cylinder Kn-1. From the heated drying cylinder Kn-1 the paper web W and the wire H are passed onto the second leading cylinder Vn of the level Y₃. From the leading cylinder Vn the paper web W is passed onto the second heated drying cylinder Kn of larger diameter, placed at the height level Y₁. From the drying cylinder Kn the web W is passed onto the leading cylinder Vn+1 of the height level Y₂′. In a corresponding way, the wire H is passed from one cylinder onto the other. The paper web W runs in contact with the faces of the drying cylinders on the heated drying cylinders K. On the leading cylinders V the paper web W runs outermost, and the wire H is placed in contact with the cylinder V face. The leading cylinders Vn-1, and Vn are placed symmetrically at the same distance from the vertical plane X drawn through the centre point of the heated drying cylinder Kn-1, of smaller diameter. The heated drying cylinders Kn-2,Kn of larger diameter are also placed symmetrically at equal distances from the vertical plane. In a corresponding way, the leading cylinders Vn-2,Vn+1 of the height level Y₂′ are placed symmetrically to the centre plane X and at equal distances from same.

Claims (4)

  1. Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine, in which drying section the paper web (W) and the wire (H) are carried meandering from a heated, preferably steam-heated, drying cylinder (K) onto a leading cylinder (V) and from the leading cylinder (V) further onto the next heated drying cylinder (K), and in which construction of drying section the drying section consists of a number of drying groups (R₁,R₂,R₃...), characterized in that a drying group (R) consists of a number of subsequent groupings of cylinders, whereby, in a grouping of cylinders, the drying cylinders (Kn-2,Kn-1,Kn) and the leading cylinders (Vn-1,Vn) are placed, in relation to one another, substantially at three different height levels, so that the drying cylinders (Kn-2,Kn,) with larger diameter are placed at the height level (Y₁) and the drying cylinder (Kn-1) that has a diameter smaller than said larger diameter is placed at the height level (Y₂), and in which grouping of cylinders the leading cylinders (Vn-1,Vn) are placed at the third height level (Y₃), whereby the paper web (W) and the wire (H) are passed from the drying cylinder (Kn-2) with larger diameter onto the leading cylinder (Vn-1) and further, from the leading cylinder (Vn-1), onto the heated drying cylinder (Kn-1) with smaller diameter, placed at the middle height level (Y₂), from which the web (W) and the wire (H) are passed onto the second leading cylinder (Vn), and from the leading cylinder (Vn) further onto the second heated drying cylinder (Kn) with larger diameter, placed at the height level (Y₁).
  2. Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the paper web (W) is passed onto the heated drying cylinder (Kn-2) of larger diameter, placed at the height level (Y₁), from the leading cylinder (Vn-2), which is placed substantially at the same height level (Y₂′) as the heated drying cylinder (Kn-1) of smaller diameter, and that, in the grouping of cylinders, the paper web is passed from the heated drying cylinder (Kn) of larger diameter, placed at the height level (Y₁), onto the leading cylinder (Vn+1), which is placed substantially at the same height level (Y₂′) as the heated drying cylinder (Kn-1) of smaller diameter.
  3. Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that, in the grouping, the leading cylinders (Vn-1,Vn) are placed symmetrically in relation to the vertical plane (X) drawn through the centre point of the drying cylinder (Kn-1) of smaller diameter at equal distances from the vertical plane (X) and that, in the grouping of cylinders, the heated drying cylinders (Kn-2,Kn) of larger diameter are also placed symmetrically in relation to the vertical plane (X).
  4. Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine as claimed in any of the preceding claims, characterized in that, in the grouping of cylinders, the heated drying cylinders (Kn-2,Kn) of larger diameter are placed at the highest height level, the drying cylinder (Kn-1) of smaller diameter is placed at the middle height level (Y₂), and the leading cylinders (Vn-1, Vn) are placed at the lowest height level (Y₃).
EP19920850184 1991-07-31 1992-07-30 Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine Expired - Lifetime EP0530164B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI913648A FI95937C (en) 1991-07-31 1991-07-31 Cylinder grouping of the drying section of a paper machine
FI913648 1991-07-31

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0530164A1 true EP0530164A1 (en) 1993-03-03
EP0530164B1 EP0530164B1 (en) 1997-05-28

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EP19920850184 Expired - Lifetime EP0530164B1 (en) 1991-07-31 1992-07-30 Grouping of cylinders in the drying section of a paper machine

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EP (1) EP0530164B1 (en)
AT (1) AT153720T (en)
CA (1) CA2074736C (en)
DE (1) DE69219967T2 (en)
FI (1) FI95937C (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI100898B (en) * 1994-03-02 1998-03-13 Valmet Paper Machinery Inc Cylinder group with single wire pull in the drying portion of a paper mask in and drying portion in paper machine containing these

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB513538A (en) * 1938-04-11 1939-10-16 William Eccles Improvements relating to apparatus for drying paper, cloth and other textiles
DE1931922A1 (en) * 1969-06-24 1971-01-21 Voith Gmbh J M Drying means for drying a wet web, especially a drying section of a paper machine
WO1987006635A1 (en) * 1986-04-21 1987-11-05 Beloit Corporation Dryer felt run
WO1990012150A1 (en) * 1989-04-01 1990-10-18 J.M. Voith Gmbh Single-screen drying installation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB513538A (en) * 1938-04-11 1939-10-16 William Eccles Improvements relating to apparatus for drying paper, cloth and other textiles
DE1931922A1 (en) * 1969-06-24 1971-01-21 Voith Gmbh J M Drying means for drying a wet web, especially a drying section of a paper machine
WO1987006635A1 (en) * 1986-04-21 1987-11-05 Beloit Corporation Dryer felt run
WO1990012150A1 (en) * 1989-04-01 1990-10-18 J.M. Voith Gmbh Single-screen drying installation

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FI95937B (en) 1995-12-29
FI95937C (en) 1996-04-10
FI913648A0 (en) 1991-07-31
DE69219967D1 (en) 1997-07-03
CA2074736C (en) 1997-02-11
CA2074736A1 (en) 1993-02-01
AT153720T (en) 1997-06-15
FI913648D0 (en)
FI913648A (en) 1993-02-01
EP0530164B1 (en) 1997-05-28
DE69219967T2 (en) 1997-11-06

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