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A railway signalling system

Info

Publication number
EP0341826A2
EP0341826A2 EP19890303530 EP89303530A EP0341826A2 EP 0341826 A2 EP0341826 A2 EP 0341826A2 EP 19890303530 EP19890303530 EP 19890303530 EP 89303530 A EP89303530 A EP 89303530A EP 0341826 A2 EP0341826 A2 EP 0341826A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
train
boundary
vehicle
system
fixed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19890303530
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0341826A3 (en )
EP0341826B1 (en )
Inventor
David Bruce Macdougall
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Siemens Rail Automation Holdings Ltd
Original Assignee
Siemens Rail Automation Holdings Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L23/00Control, warning, or like safety means along the route or between vehicles or vehicle trains
    • B61L23/34Control, warnings or like safety means indicating the distance between vehicles or vehicle trains by the transmission of signals therebetween
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L21/00Station blocking between signal boxes in one yard
    • B61L21/10Arrangements for trains which are closely following one another

Abstract

A railway signalling system is disclosed in which there is a combination of fixed block signalling with direct communication between separate trains or vehicles to achieve inter-vehicle spacing. The fixed block signalling prevents more than one train (or vehicle) from transmitting and more than one train (or vehicle) from acting upon communications relative to a given area or portion of line.

Description

  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a railway signalling system.
  • [0002]
    The concept of arranging for the rear of a leading train of vehicles (or a leading vehicle) to send a signal directly to the front of a following train (or vehicle) for the purpose of controlling the speed of the latter and thus maintaining a safe distance between them is well known, but known systems using analogue signal measurement have not been of practical application to railways because of tolerancing and other difficulties. The concept of using digitally encoded messages is an obvious extension of known techniques. However, difficulties arise with message security in ensuring that messages are only received by the train (or vehicle) for which they were intended.
  • [0003]
    According to the present invention, there is provided a railway signalling system in which there is fixed block signalling in combination with direct communication between separate trains or vehicles to achieve inter-­vehicle headway spacing, the fixed block signalling preventing more than one train (or vehicle) from transmitting and more than one train (or vehicle) from acting upon communications relative to a given area or portion of railway line.
  • [0004]
    Known systems of direct train to train communication claim to be better than systems based on fixed block sections, which are seen as a limitation on headway. However, by using the present invention, the retention of an underlying system of fixed blocks in conjunction with an appropriate form of direct train to train communication overcomes the practical difficulties of known systems and, moreover, provides for economy and simplicity compared with known systems. It also enables a reasonable mode of operation to be maintained during partial failure conditions, and enables later addition of the inter-vehicle headway spacing aspect to a basic fixed block system, whether the latter is based on conventional track circuits, inductive loops or similar, or on a radio-cab signalling system using transponders or other markers.
  • [0005]
    Known systems generally describe achievable headway by reference to application to a plain railway line without stations or other cause to stop. In practice, headway is usually dominated by station stops and junction working, including that at termini. It is well known that headway at stations is critical and for this reason conventional signalling equipment is often concentrated around stations.
  • [0006]
    To put the present invention into practice, because headway is critical at stations, it is practical and economical to achieve the best possible headway by adopting a system which allows the closest possible monitoring of a train (or vehicle) leaving a station by a train (or vehicle) approaching the station using direct vehicle to vehicle communications, but which prevents any further train (or vehicle) entering the area and acting upon the same communications by known forms of fixed block signalling. Because thereby only one train (or vehicle) is permitted to monitor the location of a train (or vehicle) ahead and only one such train (or vehicle) ahead may be reporting its location via the vehicle to vehicle communications system within a given area, it is not necessary for either train (or vehicle) to know the identity of the other nor for the message from the leading train (or vehicle) to be directed to the following train (or vehicle) by an intelligent supervisory system. The fixed block system will prevent any third train or vehicle breaking into communications between two trains or vehicles. In the areas of plain railway line away from stations, fixed block signalling alone is adequate to maintain the optimum headway which is achieved around stations by using vehicle to vehicle communication in addition. In the event of a vehicle to vehicle communications failure, the fixed block system also provides a back-up mode of operation albeit with degraded headway performance.
  • [0007]
    The present invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the single figure of the accompanying drawing, which is a schematic representation of an example of the present invention.
  • [0008]
    Referring the drawing, a railway line L in the vicinity of a station X with a platform 1 is divided into a number of fixed block sections with boundaries 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.
  • [0009]
    Boundary 2 corresponds with the position at which a train T has to receive its first warning that a preceding train is occupying the platform 1, in order to be guaranteed to stop short of boundary 3 (which corresponds to the end of the platform, just ahead of which will be the tail of any train stationary in the platform). The distance from boundary 2 to boundary 3 is therefore braking distance plus the usual allowances for equipment reaction time, etc. Until a train reaches boundary 2, there is no need for it to be aware of the precise position of a preceding train provided the latter is beyond boundary 3, and this is determined by fixed block signalling. Prior to the preceding train passing boundary 3, a fixed block signalling system gives adequate headway capacity in rear because the train is about to stop at the station and any following train must clearly be much further than braking distance behind (or itself performing a station stop in rear) if it is to run unchecked. On passing boundary 2, the front of a train also enters an area of train to train communication extending from boundary 2 to boundary 6. Such communication may be achieved by means of a leaky feeder radio system extending from boundary 2 to boundary 6 which broadcasts on one frequency the message received on another without modification or delay. Alternatively, any other suitable communications medium such as an inductive track loop may be used. While the front of a train is between boundaries 2 and 4, the train may receive train to train messages from a train ahead within the same area by means of a train carried radio receiver 7 at the front of the train. Boundary 4 is at a point immediately ahead of the location of the front of a train when stationary in the platform 1. While the front of a train is between boundaries 4 and 6 it may transmit train to train messages for the area to a following train by means of a train carried radio transmitter 8. The transmission system may be split at boundary 4 if required and as shown, the section from boundary 2 to boundary 4 being for transmission to trains (i.e. trains receive) and the section from boundary 4 to boundary 6 being for reception from trains (i.e. trains transmit). The train to train messages consist of a continuously updated report of the location of the leading train's tail.
  • [0010]
    Boundary 5 is located at the point beyond which the presence of a train will no longer be restrictive to the running of a following train which is stopping at the station X. Boundary 6 is located at normal maximum train length beyond boundary 5. When the front of a train passes boundary 6, its authority to transmit for that area will cease (as will the means of communication). As this corresponds to the train's tail being clear of boundary 5, the actual position of the train tail is no longer relevant to a following train stopping at the station X.
  • [0011]
    Each train T has an on board train computer 9 used for automatic train control in conjunction with the fixed block signalling system which can be, in principle, of known type. It may employ transponders for location reference and radio messages for movement authorities or it may be coded track circuit based. In either case, the train computer 9 supervises train running in accordance with speed/distance profiles selected according to fixed data concerning train performance and variable data concerning movement authority limits, where the variable data is derived from the fixed block movement authority messages or "proceed aspects" as in known systems. To ensure that train speed is within profile limits, the train computer must have knowledge of speed and of distance travelled from fixed reference points and this is generally achieved as in known systems by means of an odometer, tachometer or equivalent arrangement 10. This locational reference may also be used by the example of the present invention as the basis for train to train reporting of train tail location, in conjunction with a train line 11 and train rear device 12 to confirm that the train is complete and does not exceed the normal maximum train length (for example because it is being pushed out by an assisting train after failing). The device 12 may be a simple electrical connection on the rear cab coupler on fixed formation train sets which is broken if a further vehicle is coupled on.
  • [0012]
    If running with intermediate cabs is required in normal service, a more elaborate means of train length measurement will be required. In the case of a track circuit based system, the station platform track circuit in the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4 can be used to check that the train does not exceed the normal maximum length. The fixed block system does not allow a second train to be between boundaries 2 and 3 until the tail of the train ahead has passed boundary 3, and unless short, a train could not be fully in the platform and hence clear of boundary 3 until a preceding train had cleared boundary 5. It is not therefore unduly restrictive to prevent a train entering the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 until the section from boundary 4 to boundary 5 has been registered as clear, if the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4 is occupied. This control will ensure that, provided the train at the platform is no longer than the normal maximum length, there will be a brief period when the sections from boundaries 2 to 3 and 4 to 5 are clear with the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4 occupied and this can be registered to allow subsequent train to train communications to be acted upon. If the train length exceeds normal maximum, the train to train communication aspect of the example cannot be used, as knowledge of the location of the train front does not imply the correct location of the train rear. Normal maximum train length corresponds to the length of the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4. Alternatively, and in the case of non track circuit based systems, a form of train length measurement as proposed in our co-pending Patent Application No. of the same date as the present application and entitled "Computing the length of a railway vehicle or train of such vehicles" may be used. As a further alternative, train trail location may be deduced by the train computer by reference to the detection by rear of train mounted equipment (which may be the same equipment used for front of train location or other purposes when the train is driven in the opposite direction) of trackside markers such as transponders. Additionally the whole of the train tail location system and the train to train communications transmitter may be located at the rear of the train.
  • [0013]
    The authority to transmit train to train messages of train tail location may be derived from information contained within the movement authority message from the fixed block signalling system for the blocks concerned (the sections from boundary 4 to boundary 5 and boundary 5 to boundary 6 in the drawing). Authority to receive and act upon train to train messages of train tail location may similarly be incorporated within the movement authority message from the fixed block signalling system for the blocks concerned (the sections from boundary 2 to boundary 3 and boundary 3 to boundary 4 in the drawing). In both cases, confirmation that train length does not exceed normal maximum may be incorporated in the appropriate controls on movement authorities. Trains which exceed normal maximum length will be signalled by the fixed block signalling system but without the additional train to train communication aspect, and hence cannot be followed at minimum headway.
  • [0014]
    By way of further illustration, a sequence of train movements through the area of station X will now be considered with reference to three trains, A, B and C. Assume that: train B is at the station platform between boundaries 3 and 4; train C is approaching boundary 2; and the section from boundary 4, to boundary 5 is clear but train A is still in the section from boundary 5 to boundary 6. The movement authority for train C for the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 has an end point defined as boundary 3. (The train would normally stop at some point P which, depending on the ratio of service to emergency braking, may be close to boundary 3). There is no point in train C being authorised to receive train to train messages at this stage because train B cannot leave the station until train A is clear of boundary 6. By not giving train C authority to act on train to train messages it cannot erroneously act on messages from train A which may be received until the front of train A passes boundary 6. When the front of train A passes boundary 6 its transmit authority is lost and it cannot send further train to train messages for the area. When the tail of train A passes boundary 6, the fixed block system detects this and updates the authority for the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 to permit actioning of train to train messages. Because train A is beyond boundary 6 there is no further risk of train C erroneously receiving transmissions from train A because, firstly, train A lost authority to transmit on passing boundary 6 and, secondly, train A is completely beyond the limit of the communications system and therefore, in practice, out of range.
  • [0015]
    The updated authority for the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 allows the end point of the stopping profile used by the train computer of train C to be modified from a default corresponding to boundary 3 according to train to train messages of train tail location which are given in terms of a distance which is interpreted as relative to boundary 3. When train B departs from the station X on a fixed block movement authority which requires the sections from boundary 4 to boundary 6 (and sections beyond as appropriate) to be clear, it enters the section from boundary 4 to boundary 5. The authority in this section (and the section from boundary 5 to boundary 6) includes authority to transmit on the train to train communications system the distance travelled past boundary 4. As train B proceeds it therefore transmits a continuously updated digital message corresponding to a count of distance travelled past boundary 4. This is received by train C and interpreted as a continuously updated message of the distance which the train ahead's tail is beyond boundary 3 (to which it is equivalent). For the headway critical period as train B is leaving the station and train C is approaching, train C is therefore aiming the end point of its stopping profile at the location of the tail of train B, as continuously amended, and the closest possible headway is therefore achieved over the critical area.
  • [0016]
    If by the time the front of train C passes boundary 3, train B has not completely cleared the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4, the train computer on train C will allow the train to continue to run on an extension of the profile authorised in the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 as long as train tail messages are being received, to a limit corresponding to a train length beyond boundary 3, equivalent to the location of boundary 4. When train B clears the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4, the fixed block system will confirm a movement authority for this section as far at least as boundary 4 and as may be extended by train tail messages, to a limit corresponding to the location of boundary 5. When train B clears the section from boundary 4 to boundary 5, the fixed block system will give a movement authority for the section from boundary 3 to boundary 4 with an end point at boundary 5 absolutely, to which train C can now aim the end point of its profile without reference to further train to train messages. It will also correspondingly upgrade the movement authority for the section from boundary 2 to boundary 3 if train C has not yet passed boundary 3. These authorities allow a run which is unrestricted by train B ahead, for train C to approach and stop at the station. As explained for train A, the front of train B then passes boundary 6 and train B stops transmitting train to train messages.
  • [0017]
    It is obviously essential that there is no possibility of cross-talk between adjacent communications areas, which may have to overlap. Where adequate isolation of adjacent area communications cannot be achieved, then different frequencies and a different address may be used for train to train communications in adjacent areas. Frequencies and addresses may be used more than once, typically in alternate areas provided isolation is adequate. Information as to which frequency and address is current will be obtained from trackside transponders or equivalent, read by the train computer, or will be incorporated in relevant proceed authorities.
  • [0018]
    Communications areas may overlap in such a way that the same boundaries and fixed block sections have different functions in relation to different areas and, in the limit, an application where there is continuous train to train communications over a section of line consisting of several areas could be arranged. Such an application would be simpler in principle and much more fault tolerant than other known systems of close headway working, due to the underlying fixed block basis of control.

Claims (10)

1. A railway signalling system in which there is fixed block signalling in combination with direct communication between separate trains or vehicles to achieve inter-vehicle headway spacing, the fixed block signalling preventing more than one train (or vehicle) from transmitting and more than one train (or vehicle) from acting upon communications relative to a given area or portion of railway line.
2. A system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixed block signalling uses track circuit signalling.
3. A system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixed block signalling uses radio signalling.
4. A system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the authority to transmit, receive and act upon vehicle to vehicle communications is contained in fixed block movement authorities.
5. A system as claimed in claim 4, wherein said block movement authorities are given by track circuit code, radio, inductive loop or other means with or without fixed information read from trackside transponders, beacons, loops or the like.
6. A system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the direct vehicle to vehicle communication messages convey the location of the tail of a train (or vehicle) expressed as a distance which is interpreted as being beyond a particular reference point.
7. A system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the direct vehicle to vehicle communication is by radio or inductive loop.
8. A system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein, on a train (or vehicle), functions are controlled by a train (or vehicle) computer at the front of the train (or vehicle) or divided between front and tail end equipment of the train (or vehicle).
9. A system as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the tail location of a train (or vehicle) is deduced and monitored.
10. A system as claimed in claim 9, wherein the tail location of a train (or vehicle) is deduced and monitored by a train (or vehicle) line or a train (or vehicle) tail device.
EP19890303530 1988-05-09 1989-04-11 A railway signalling system Expired - Lifetime EP0341826B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8810923A GB8810923D0 (en) 1988-05-09 1988-05-09 Railway signalling system
GB8810923 1988-05-09

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0341826A2 true true EP0341826A2 (en) 1989-11-15
EP0341826A3 true EP0341826A3 (en) 1990-12-19
EP0341826B1 EP0341826B1 (en) 1994-06-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19890303530 Expired - Lifetime EP0341826B1 (en) 1988-05-09 1989-04-11 A railway signalling system

Country Status (3)

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DE (2) DE68916320T2 (en)
EP (1) EP0341826B1 (en)
GB (2) GB8810923D0 (en)

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0554983A1 (en) * 1992-02-06 1993-08-11 Westinghouse Brake And Signal Holdings Limited Regulating a railway vehicle
ES2071558A2 (en) * 1992-02-11 1995-06-16 Westinghouse Brake & Signal Railway signaling system.
FR2823352A1 (en) * 2001-04-04 2002-10-11 Positive Spacing control for motor vehicles has spaced detectors on side of road to sense presence of vehicles and identify vehicles driving too close to others
FR2857644A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-21 Inrets Trains positioning and controlling device, has fixed stations with processing unit for determining transmitter identifier and message of non-sinusoidal radio signals transmitted by respective transceivers of fixed stations and trains
US7222083B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2007-05-22 Harris Corporation Resource schedule for scheduling rail way train resources
US7512481B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2009-03-31 General Electric Company System and method for computer aided dispatching using a coordinating agent
US7539624B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2009-05-26 Harris Corporation Automatic train control system and method
US7680750B2 (en) 2006-06-29 2010-03-16 General Electric Company Method of planning train movement using a three step optimization engine
US7725249B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-05-25 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for congestion management
US7734383B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-06-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for planning the movement of trains using dynamic analysis
US7797088B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-09-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for planning linked train movements
US7797087B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-09-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for selectively disabling train location reports
US7813846B2 (en) 2005-03-14 2010-10-12 General Electric Company System and method for railyard planning
US7908047B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2011-03-15 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for run-time incorporation of domain data configuration changes
US7937193B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2011-05-03 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for coordinating railway line of road and yard planners
US8082071B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2011-12-20 General Electric Company System and method of multi-generation positive train control system
US8292172B2 (en) 2003-07-29 2012-10-23 General Electric Company Enhanced recordation device for rail car inspections
WO2013030074A1 (en) * 2011-09-01 2013-03-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Stopping-time calculation module
US8433461B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2013-04-30 General Electric Company Method of planning the movement of trains using pre-allocation of resources
US8498762B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2013-07-30 General Electric Company Method of planning the movement of trains using route protection
US8589057B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2013-11-19 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for automatic selection of alternative routing through congested areas using congestion prediction metrics
CN104742942A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-01 泉州市铁通电子设备有限公司 Wireless dispatching communication system control center of railway trains
US9156477B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2015-10-13 General Electric Company Control system and method for remotely isolating powered units in a vehicle system
CN105035125A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-11-11 北京世纪东方国铁科技股份有限公司 Method and device for optimizing communication condition of train tail system of train
US9201409B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2015-12-01 General Electric Company Fuel management system and method
EP2762379A4 (en) * 2011-09-30 2016-01-06 Nippon Signal Co Ltd Train control system
US9669851B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-06-06 General Electric Company Route examination system and method
US9733625B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2017-08-15 General Electric Company Trip optimization system and method for a train
US9834237B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-12-05 General Electric Company Route examining system and method

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US8924049B2 (en) 2003-01-06 2014-12-30 General Electric Company System and method for controlling movement of vehicles
US8290645B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2012-10-16 General Electric Company Method and computer software code for determining a mission plan for a powered system when a desired mission parameter appears unobtainable
US8126601B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2012-02-28 General Electric Company System and method for predicting a vehicle route using a route network database
US8768543B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-07-01 General Electric Company Method, system and computer software code for trip optimization with train/track database augmentation

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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5440489A (en) * 1992-02-06 1995-08-08 Westinghouse Brake & Signal Holdings Ltd. Regulating a railway vehicle
EP0554983A1 (en) * 1992-02-06 1993-08-11 Westinghouse Brake And Signal Holdings Limited Regulating a railway vehicle
ES2071558A2 (en) * 1992-02-11 1995-06-16 Westinghouse Brake & Signal Railway signaling system.
US7539624B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2009-05-26 Harris Corporation Automatic train control system and method
US7558740B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2009-07-07 Harris Corporation System and method for scheduling and train control
US7222083B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2007-05-22 Harris Corporation Resource schedule for scheduling rail way train resources
US7340328B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2008-03-04 Harris Corporation Scheduling system and method
US7343314B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2008-03-11 Harris Corporation System and method for scheduling and train control
FR2823352A1 (en) * 2001-04-04 2002-10-11 Positive Spacing control for motor vehicles has spaced detectors on side of road to sense presence of vehicles and identify vehicles driving too close to others
US7725249B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-05-25 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for congestion management
US7512481B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2009-03-31 General Electric Company System and method for computer aided dispatching using a coordinating agent
US7937193B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2011-05-03 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for coordinating railway line of road and yard planners
US8589057B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2013-11-19 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for automatic selection of alternative routing through congested areas using congestion prediction metrics
US7715977B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-05-11 General Electric Company System and method for computer aided dispatching using a coordinating agent
US7797087B2 (en) 2003-02-27 2010-09-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for selectively disabling train location reports
US7725252B2 (en) 2003-07-16 2010-05-25 Institut National De Recherche Sur Les Transports Et Leur Securite (Inrets) Device and method for positioning and controlling railway vehicles with ultra-large bandwidth
FR2857644A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-21 Inrets Trains positioning and controlling device, has fixed stations with processing unit for determining transmitter identifier and message of non-sinusoidal radio signals transmitted by respective transceivers of fixed stations and trains
WO2005007482A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-01-27 Institut National De Recherche Sur Les Transports Et Leur Securite (Inrets) Device and method for positioning and controlling railway vehicles with ultra-large bandwidth
US8292172B2 (en) 2003-07-29 2012-10-23 General Electric Company Enhanced recordation device for rail car inspections
US7908047B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2011-03-15 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for run-time incorporation of domain data configuration changes
US7813846B2 (en) 2005-03-14 2010-10-12 General Electric Company System and method for railyard planning
US9201409B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2015-12-01 General Electric Company Fuel management system and method
US9733625B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2017-08-15 General Electric Company Trip optimization system and method for a train
US9156477B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2015-10-13 General Electric Company Control system and method for remotely isolating powered units in a vehicle system
US7734383B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-06-08 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for planning the movement of trains using dynamic analysis
US7797088B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-09-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for planning linked train movements
US8498762B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2013-07-30 General Electric Company Method of planning the movement of trains using route protection
US7680750B2 (en) 2006-06-29 2010-03-16 General Electric Company Method of planning train movement using a three step optimization engine
US8082071B2 (en) 2006-09-11 2011-12-20 General Electric Company System and method of multi-generation positive train control system
US8433461B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2013-04-30 General Electric Company Method of planning the movement of trains using pre-allocation of resources
WO2013030074A1 (en) * 2011-09-01 2013-03-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Stopping-time calculation module
US9764747B2 (en) 2011-09-01 2017-09-19 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Stopping time calculation module
EP2762379A4 (en) * 2011-09-30 2016-01-06 Nippon Signal Co Ltd Train control system
US9834237B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-12-05 General Electric Company Route examining system and method
US9669851B2 (en) 2012-11-21 2017-06-06 General Electric Company Route examination system and method
CN104742942A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-01 泉州市铁通电子设备有限公司 Wireless dispatching communication system control center of railway trains
CN105035125A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-11-11 北京世纪东方国铁科技股份有限公司 Method and device for optimizing communication condition of train tail system of train

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB2218556B (en) 1992-01-15 grant
GB8907575D0 (en) 1989-05-17 grant
DE68916320D1 (en) 1994-07-28 grant
EP0341826A3 (en) 1990-12-19 application
EP0341826B1 (en) 1994-06-22 grant
DE68916320T2 (en) 1995-01-12 grant
GB8810923D0 (en) 1988-06-15 grant
GB2218556A (en) 1989-11-15 application

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