EP0253566A2 - Laundry products - Google Patents

Laundry products Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0253566A2
EP0253566A2 EP19870306045 EP87306045A EP0253566A2 EP 0253566 A2 EP0253566 A2 EP 0253566A2 EP 19870306045 EP19870306045 EP 19870306045 EP 87306045 A EP87306045 A EP 87306045A EP 0253566 A2 EP0253566 A2 EP 0253566A2
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EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
preferably
laundry
ethylene
alkyl
oxide
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19870306045
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0253566B1 (en )
EP0253566A3 (en )
Inventor
Brian Edward Talkes
Colin James Lowery
Brian George Tunnah
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Procter and Gamble Ltd
Procter and Gamble Co
Original Assignee
Procter and Gamble Ltd
Procter and Gamble Co
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Filing date
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/04Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties combined with or containing other objects
    • C11D17/041Compositions releasably affixed on a substrate or incorporated into a dispensing means
    • C11D17/042Water soluble or water disintegrable containers or substrates containing cleaning compositions or additives for cleaning compositions
    • C11D17/044Solid compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/06Powder; Flakes; Free-flowing mixtures; Sheets

Abstract

A laundry product comprising a particulate laundry composition releasably contained within a single- or multi-compartment sachet formed of or comprising a thermoplastic film of water-soluble poly(ethylene oxide) having a viscosity-average molecular weight of at least 100,000, said film having an outer covering of a flexible, apertured, water-insoluble but water-permeable non-woven, textile or paper sheet-like material. The products have acceptable storage characteristics and freedom from tackinesss under high humidity conditions as well as excellent product dissolution characteristics under typical European and US laundering conditions.

Description

  • [0001]
    The invention relates to laundry products. In particular, it relates to laundry products suitable for cleaning or conditioning fabrics and which contain a laundry composition in particulate form.
  • [0002]
    There have been a number of proposals in the art for marketing granular detergent and other laundry compositions in packages, each of which contain a suitable amount of the composition for a single wash under conventional conditions. These proposals include using closed bags of water-soluble film-forming materials such as polyvinylalcohol and methyl cellulose; and also water-insoluble but water-permeable materials such as paper and woven or non-woven fabrics. The latter approach in particular has a number of attractions; for example, it ensures that the detergent ingredients are only released into the wash liquor in solubilized or dispersed form; it avoids loss of detergent within the dispenser and sump of the washing machine; and it provides for greater convenience in use. Despite the technical and consumer advantages, however, packages of this type have not been commercially successful.
  • [0003]
    A major problem of the usual film-forming materials such as polyvinyl alcohol is their tendency to gel when placed in solutions containing laundry detergent compositions. This leads not only to a reduced rate of film solubilization but also to messy, gel-like residues which deleteriously affect solubility of the active composition and which also have a tendency to deposit on the laundry. Proposals for enhancing the solubility of polyvinyl alcohol films have been made (EP-A-0079712) but such proposals relate to chemical modification of the polymer and are relatively complex. At the same time EP-A-0079712 discounted the use of poly(ethylene oxide) as the film-forming material for detergent products on the basis that films of this material tend to absorb moisture too readily and become tacky.
  • [0004]
    The moisture-sensitivity of poly(ethylene oxide) films is of course well-known in the packaging arts and a moisture-barrier film such as polyethylene is commonly recommended to protect the poly(ethylene oxide) from accidental contact with water and from excessive humidity. Polyethylene moisture barrier films are clearly unacceptable in a laundry product context, however, both from the viewpoint of dissolution of the active composition and from the residue viewpoint.
  • [0005]
    Accordingly, the present invention provides a laundry product containing pre-measured amounts of laundry actives in a convenient pouch-form having acceptable storage characteristics and freedom from tackiness under high humidity conditions as well as excellent product dissolution characteristics under typical European and US laundering conditions.
  • [0006]
    According to the present invention, there is provided a laundry product which comprises a particulate laundry composition releasably contained within a single- or multi-compartment sachet formed of or comprising a thermoplastic film of water-soluble poly(ethylene oxide) having a viscosity-average molecular weight of at least 100,000, said film having an outer covering of a flexible, water-insoluble but water-permeable non-woven, textile or paper sheet-like material.
  • [0007]
    The laundry products of the invention comprise a sachet and a particulate laundry composition. In preferred embodiments the laundry composition takes the form of a particulate detergent composition and the laundry product is designed for addition to the wash cycle of a domestic automatic washing machine.
  • [0008]
    The sachet itself is formed of or comprises a thermoplastic film of poly(ethylene oxide) having a molecular weight of at least about 100,000, preferably at least about 500,000, more preferably at least about 1,000,000, and especially at least about 3,000,000, molecular weight being defined herein as the average molecular weight of the resin used for making the poly(oxyethylene) films and derived from rheological measurements (see the book Poly(ethylene oxide) by F E Bailey and J V Koleske, Academic Press, 1976, pages 46 to 49 and Union Carbide Corporation Technical Bulletin F-42933, Polyox(R) Water-Soluble Resins). The thickness of the film is preferably from 0.001 to 0.003 in (0.025 to 0.075mm). The film preferably also has a tensile strength (MD) of at least 2000 psi (13,788kPa), a tensile strength (TD) of at least 1500 psi (10,341kPa), an elongation (MD) of 200-100% and an elongation (TD) of 300-700%. In the above, MD and TD refer to machine direction and transverse direction respectively.
  • [0009]
    In the laundry products of the invention, the poly(ethylene oxide) film has an outer covering of a flexible sheet-like material. The sheet-like material may be made of paper, woven or non-woven fabrics or the like and should be water-insoluble but water-permeable. In highly preferred embodiments, the sheet-like material is apertured in order to effect rapid release of the laundry actives in dissolved or dispersed form. Preferably, the aperture density is from about 3 to about 30, more preferably from about 13 to about 26, especially from about 16 to about 23 apertures per sq cm of sheet and the apertures preferably have, on average, a width of from about 0.5mm to about 5mm and a length of from about 0.8mm to about 5mm. The apertures themselves are generally symmetrical about a longitudinal axis (ie they have mirror symmetry) and preferably have, on average, a width of from about 0.7 to about 2.5mm and a length of from about 1.7mm to about 4mm. The area of the apertures, on the other hand, is preferably from about 0.7mm² to about 25mm², more preferably from about 0.8mm² to about 10mm², and the ratio of length:width is from 1:1 up to preferably about 6:1, more preferably about 4:1.
  • [0010]
    The apertures can be elongate in shape (for example, generally elliptical of diamond-shaped) in which case they preferably have a width of from about 0.8mm to about 1.5mm and a length of from about 2mm to about 3.5mm. Alternatively, the apertures can be generally circular with a diameter of up to 5mm, preferably 1 to 4mm. In preferred embodiments, however, the apertures are generally square-shaped with a side dimension of from about 1 to 2.5mm. As used herein, "length" refers to the dimension of the principal (ie longest) longitudinal axis, and "width" is the maximum dimension perpendicular to this axis.
  • [0011]
    The basis weight of the water-insoluble cover sheet is preferably from about 10 to about 70 grams/sq metre, more preferably from about 20 to about 50 grams/sq metre. Preferred materials for use herein are apertured nonwoven fabrics which can generally be defined as adhesively or thermo-bonded fibrous or filamentous products, having a web or carded fibre structure (where the fibre strength is suitable to allow carding) or comprising fibrous mats, in which the fibres of filaments are distributed haphazardly or in random array (i.e. an array of fibres in a carded web wherein partial orientation of the fibres is frequently present as well as a completely haphazard distributional orientation) or substantially aligned. The fibres or filaments can be natural (e.g. wool, silk, wood pulp, jute, hemp, cotton, linen, sisal, or ramie), synthetic (e.g. rayon, cellulose, ester, polyvinyl derivatives, polyolefins, polyamides, or polyesters) or mixtures of any of the above.
  • [0012]
    Generally, non-woven cloths can be made by air or water laying processes in which the fibres or filaments are first cut to desired lengths from long strands, passed into a water or air stream, and then deposited onto a screen through which the fibre-laden air or water is passed. The deposited fibres or filaments are then adhesively or thermo-bonded together, dried cured and otherwise treated as desired to form the non-woven cloth. Alternatively, the non-woven cloths can be spin-bonded, spin-laced or melt-blown.
  • [0013]
    Preferably, the non-woven cloth is made from cellulosic fibres, particularly from regenerated cellulose or rayon, which are lubricated with standard textile lubricant such as sodium oleate. The non-woven cloth preferably also has a content of a polyolefin such as polypropylene to allow for heat sealing to the poly(ethylene oxide) film. Preferably the fibres are from about 4 to about 50mm, especially from about 8mm to about 20mm, in length and are from about 1 to about 5 denier (denier is an internationally recognised unit in yarn measure, corresponding to the weight in grams of a 9,000 meter length of yarn). Preferably the fibres are at least partially orientated haphazardly, particularly substantially haphazardly, and are adhesively bonded together with hydrophobic or substantially hydrophobic binder-resin, particularly with a nonionic self-crosslinking acrylic polymer or polymers. In highly preferred embodiments, the cloth comprises from about 75% to about 88%, especially from about 78% to about 84% fibre and from about 12% to about 25%, especially from about 16% to about 22% hydrophobic binder-resin polymer by weight and has a basis weight of from about 10 to about 70, preferably from 20 to 50g/m². Suitable hydrophobic binder-resins are ethylacrylate resins such as Primal HA24, Rhoplex HA8 and HA16 (Rohm and Haas, Inc) and mixtures thereof.
  • [0014]
    The substrate apertures, which extend between opposite surfaces of the substrate, are normally in a pattern and are formed during lay-down of the fibres to produce the substrate. Exemplary apertured non-woven substrates are disclosed in US Patent Nos. 3,741,724, 3,930,086 and 3,750,237.
  • [0015]
    An example of an apertured non-woven substrate suitable herein is a polypropylene-containing regenerated cellulose sheet of 1.5 denier fibres bonded with Rhoplex HA 8 binder (fibre:binder ratio of about 77:23) having a basis weight of about 35 g/m² and about 17 apertures/cm². The apertures are generally elliptical in shape and are in side-by-side arrangement. The apertures have a width of about 0.9mm and a length of about 2.5mm measured in a relaxed condition. Another highly preferred substrate based on 1.5 denier regenerated cellulose fibres with Rhoplex HA8 binder has a fibre:binder ration of about 82:18, a basis weight of about 35g/m², and about 22 apertures/cm². In this example, the apertures are generally square-shaped with a width of about 1.1mm. The apertures are again disposed in side-by-side arrangement.
  • [0016]
    If desired, the sachet can be provided with more than one separate compartment for different laundry ingredients, or the sachets may be formed in a conjoined manner, for example in a strip with individual sachets separated by perforations to facilitate dosing of different numbers of the sachets as appropriate for the wash conditions. The use of multi-compartment sachets facilitates the use of laundry ingredients in laundry compositions, whilst avoiding encapsulation or other treatment to prevent contact between such ingredients in a single composition.
  • [0017]
    In one preferred embodiment of the invention, the or each compartment of the sachet comprises a closed inner pouch formed of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and containing a quantity of the particulate laundry composition, the closed inner pouch being contained within and covered by an outer pouch formed of the water-insoluble but water-permeable sheet-like material. In another embodiment, the sachet takes the form of a laminate comprising two inner layers of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and two outer layers of the non-woven, textile or paper material, the inner and outer layers of the laminate being bonded together along seal lines arranged so as to define one or more closed, non-connecting pockets between the two inner layers of the laminate. The precise disposition of the seal lines, of course, will depend upon the desired design of sachet. In general, however, the laminate will be sealed along all its free edges and it may also have additional transverse or longitudinal seals as appropriate. A suitable method of bonding is heat-sealing.
  • [0018]
    It will be understood that laminated structures in which each inner layer of the laminate is bonded continuously to its corresponding outer layer are also within the scope of the invention.
  • [0019]
    Moreover, it will also be understood that the sachet can be formed from a laminated substrate comprising a single ply of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and a single ply of the non-woven, textile or paper material, the laminated substrate being folded during manufacture of the laundry product so as to provide in the final produce two inner layers of poly(ethylene oxide) film and two outer layers of the non-woven, textile or paper material. Such a design facilitates recovery of the water-insoluble sheet by the housewife after use.
  • [0020]
    The laundry products of the invention also comprise a particulate laundry composition, especially a granular or powder-form detergent composition incorporating organic surfactant, detergency builder and detergency adjuncts such as bleaches etc.
  • [0021]
    A wide range of organic surfactants can be incorporated in the laundry composition inclusive of anionic, cationic, ampholytic and zwitterionic detersive surfactants and mixtures thereof. The total level of these materials is generally from about 2% to about 40%, preferably from about 5% to about 25% by weight of the total laundry composition.
  • [0022]
    Suitable synthetic anionic surfactants are water-soluble salts of C₈-C₂₂ alkyl benzene sulphonates, C₈-C₂₂ alkyl sulphates, C10-18 alkyl polyethoxy ether sulphates, C8-24 paraffin sulphonates, alpha- C12-24 olefin sulphonates, alpha-sulphonated C₆-C₂₀ fatty acids and their esters, C₁₀-C₁₈ alkyl glyceryl ether sulphonates, fatty acid monoglyceride sulphates and sulphonates, especially those prepared from coconut oil, C₈-C₁₂ alkyl phenol polyethoxy ether sulphates, 2-acyloxy C₉-C₂₃ alkane-1-sulphonate, and beta-alkyloxy C₈-C₂₀ alkane sulphonates.
  • [0023]
    A particularly suitable class of anionic surfactants includes water-soluble salts, particularly the alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts or organic sulphuric reaction products having in their molecular structure an alkyl or alkaryl group containing from about 8 to about 22, especially from about 10 to about 20 carbon atoms and a sulphonic acid or sulphuric acid ester group. (Included in the term "alkyl" is the alkyl portion of acyl groups).
  • [0024]
    Examples of this group of synthetic detergents are the sodium and potassium alkyl sulphates, especially those obtained by sulphating the higher alcohols (C8-18) carbon atoms produced by reducing the glycerides of tallow or coconut oil and sodium and potassium alkyl benzene sulphonates, in which the alkyl group contains from about 9 to about 15, especially about 11 to about 13, carbon atoms, in straight chain or branched chain configuration, e.g. those of the type described in U.S.-A-2,220,099 and U.S.-A-2,477,383 and those prepared from alkylbenzenes obtained by alkylation with straight chain chloroparaffins (using aluminium trichloride catalysis) or straight chain olefins (using hydrogen fluoride catalysis). Especially valuable are linear straight chain alkyl benzene sulphonates in which the average of the alkyl group is about 11.8 carbon atoms, abbreviated as C11.8 LAS, and C₁₂-C₁₅ methyl branched alkyl sulphates.
  • [0025]
    The alkane chains of the foregoing non-soap anionic surfactants can be derived from natural sources such as coconut oil or tallow, or can be made synthetically as for example using the Ziegler or Oxo processes. Water solubility can be achieved by using alkali metal, ammonium or alkanolammonium cations; sodium is preferred.
  • [0026]
    Suitable fatty acid soaps herein can be selected from the ordinary alkali metal (sodium, potassium), ammonium, and alkylolammonium salts of higher fatty acids containing from about 8 to about 24, preferably from about 10 to about 22 and especially from about 16 to about 22 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain. Fatty acids in partially neutralized form are also suitable for use herein, especially in liquid compositions. Sodium and potassium soaps can be made by direct saponification of the fats and oils or by the neutralization of the free fatty acids which are prepared in a separate manufacturing process. Particularly useful are the sodium and potassium salts of the mixtures of fatty acids derived from tallow and hydrogenated fish oil.
  • [0027]
    Mixtures of anionic surfactants are particularly suitable herein, especially mixtures of sulphonate and sulphate surfactants in a weight ratio of from about 5:1 to about 1:5, preferably from about 5:1 to about 1:1, more preferably from about 5:1 to about 1.5:1. Especially preferred is a mixture of an alkyl benzene sulphonate having from 9 to 15, especially 11 to 13 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical, the cation being an alkali metal, preferably sodium; and either an alkyl sulphate having from 10 to 20, preferably 12 to 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical or an ethoxy sulphate having from 10 to 20, preferably 10 to 16 carbon atoms in the alkyl radical and an average degree of ethoxylation of 1 to 6, having an alkali metal cation, preferably sodium.
  • [0028]
    Nonionic surfactants suitable herein are condensates of ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic moiety to provide a surfactant having an average hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) in the range from about 8 to 17, preferably from about 9.5 to 13.5, more preferably from about 10 to about 12.5.
  • [0029]
    Examples of suitable nonionic surfactants include the condensation products of primary or secondary aliphatic alcohols having from 8 to 24 carbon atoms, in either straight chain or branched chain configuration, with from 2 to about 40 moles, preferably 2 to about 9 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Preferably, the aliphatic alcoholcomprises between 9 and 18 carbon atoms and is ethyoxylated with between 2 and 9, desirably between 3 and 8 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of aliphatic alcohol. The preferred surfactants are prepared from primary alcohols which are either linear (such as those derived from natural fats or, prepared by the Ziegler process from ethylene, e.g. myristyl, cetyl, stearyl alcohols), or partly branched such as the Lutensols, Dobanols and Neodols which have about 25% 2-methyl branching (Lutensol being a Trade Name of BASF, Dobanol and Neodol being Trade Names of Shell), or Synperonics, which are understood to have about 50% 2-methyl branching (Synperonic is a Trade Name of I.C.I.) or the primary alcohols having more than 50% branched chain structure sold under the Trade Name Lial by Liquichimica. Specific examples of nonionic surfactants falling within the scope of the invention include Dobabol 45-4, Dobanol 45-7, Dobanol 45-9, Dobanol 91-2.5, Dobanol 91-3, Dobanol 91-4, Dobanol 91-6, Dobanol 91-8, Dobanol 23-6.5, Synperonic 6, Synperonic 14, the condensation products of coconut alcohol with an average of between 5 and 12 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, the coconut alkyl portion having from 10 to 14 carbon atoms, and the condensation products of tallow alcohol with an average of between 7 and 12 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, the tallow portion comprising essentially between 16 and 22 carbon atoms. Secondary linear alkyl ethoxylates are also suitable in the present compositions, especially those ethoxylates of the Tergitol series having from about 9 to 15 carbon atoms in the alkyl group and up to about 11, especially from about 3 to 9, ethoxy residues per molecule.
  • [0030]
    Other suitable nonionic surfactants include the condensation products of C₆-C₁₂ alkyl phenols with from about 3 to 30, preferably 5 to 14 moles of ethylene oxide, and the compounds formed by condensing ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic base formed by the condensation of propylene oxide with propylene glycol, such synthetic nonionic detergents being available on the market under the Trade Name of "Pluronic" supplied by Wyandotte Chemicals Corporation.
  • [0031]
    Especially preferred nonionic surfactants for use herein are the C₉-C₁₅ primary alcohol ethoxylates containing 3-8 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol, particularly the C₁₂-C₁₅ primary alcohols containing 6-8 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
  • [0032]
    Cationic surfactants suitable for use herein include quaternary ammonium surfactants and surfactants of a semi-polar nature, for example amine oxides. Suitable quaternary ammonium surfactants are selected from mono C₈-C₁₆, preferably C₁₀-C₁₄ N-alkyl or alkenyl ammonium surfactants wherein remaining N positions are substituted by methyl, hydroxyethyl or hydroxypropyl and the corresponding di-C₆-C₁₀ N-alkyl or alkenyl ammonium surfactants. Suitable amine oxides are selected from mono C₈-C₂₀, preferably C₁₀-C₁₄ N-alkyl or alkenyl amine oxides and propylene-1,3-diamine dioxides wherein the remaining N positions are again substituted by methyl, hydroxyethyl or hydropropyl.
  • [0033]
    Suitable builder salts useful herein can be of the polyvalent inorganic and polyvalent organic types, or mixtures thereof. The level of these materials is generally from about 15% to about 90%, preferably from about 20% to about 60% by weight of the total laundry composition. Non-limiting examples of suitable water-soluble, inorganic alkaline builder salts include the alkali metal carbonates, borates, phosphates, pyrophosphates, tripolyphosphates and bicarbonates.
  • [0034]
    Organic builder/chelating agents that can be incorporated include organic polycarboxylates and aminopolycarboxylates and their salts, organic phosphonate derivatives such as those disclosed in US-A-3,213,030, US-A-3,433,021, US-A-3,292,121 and US-A-2,599,807, and carboxylic acid builder salts such as those disclosed in US-A-3,308,067.
  • [0035]
    Preferred chelating agents include citric acid, nitrilotriacetic (NTA) and ethylenediamine tetra acetic acids (EDTA), hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetic acid (HEEDTA), nitrilo(trimethylene phosphonic acid) (NTMP), ethylenediamine tetra(methylene phosphonic acid) (EDTMP) and diethylenetriamine penta(methylene phosphonic acid) (DETPMP) and salts thereof. Mixtures of organic and/or inorganic builders can be used herein. One such mixture of builders is disclosed in CA-A-755,038, e.g. a ternary mixture of sodium tripolyphosphate, trisodium nitrilotriacetate, and trisodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate.
  • [0036]
    A further class of builder salts is the insoluble alumino silicate type which functions by cation exchange to remove polyvalent mineral hardness and heavy metal ions from solution. A preferred builder of this type has the formulation Naz(Al0₂)z(SiO₂)y.xH₂O wherein z and y are integers of at least 6, the molar ratio of z to y is in the range from 1.0 to about 0.5 and x is an integer from about 15 to about 264. Compositions incorporating builder salts of this type form the subject of GB-A-1,429,143, DE-A-2,433,485, and DE-A-2,525,778.
  • [0037]
    The laundry compositions herein can be supplemented by all manner of detergent and laundering components.
  • [0038]
    An alkali metal, or alkaline earth metal, silicate can also be present. The alkali metal silicate is preferably from about 3% to about 15% by weight of the total composition. Suitable silicate solids have a molar ratio of SiO₂/alkali metal₂O in the range from about 0.5 to about 3.3, more preferably from about 1.0 to about 2.0.
  • [0039]
    The laundry compositions herein can also contain bleaching components. In general, the bleach is selected from inorganic peroxy salts, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide adducts, and organic peroxy acids and salts thereof. Suitable inorganic peroxygen bleaches include sodium perborate mono- and tetrahydrate, sodium percarbonate, sodium persilicate, urea-hydrogen peroxide addition products and the clathrate 4Na₂SO₄:2H₂0₂:1NaCl. Suitable organic bleaches include peroxylauric acid, peroxyoctanoic acid, peroxynonanoic acid, peroxydecanoic acid, diperoxydodecanedioic acid, diperoxyazelaic acid, mono- and diperoxyphthalic acid and mono- and diperoxyisophthalic acid and salts (especially the magnesium salts) thereof. The bleaching agent is generally present at a level of from about 5% to about 35%, preferably from about 10% to about 25% by weight of total laundry composition. Peroxyacid bleach precursors suitable herein are disclosed in UK-A-2040983, highly preferred being peracetic acid bleach precursors such as tetraacetylethylene diamine, tetraacetylmethylenediamine, tetraacetylhexylenediamine, sodium p-acetoxybenzene sulphonate, tetraacetylglycouril, pentaacetylglucose, octaacetyllactose, methyl O-acetoxy benzoate, sodium 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyloxybenzene sulfonate, sodium 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyloxybenzoate, sodium 2-ethylhexanoyloxybenzenesulfonate, sodium nonanoyloxybenzenesulfonate and sodium octanoyloxybenzenesulfonate. The level of bleach precursor is generally from about 0.5% to about 10%, preferably from about 1% to about 6% by weight of the total composition.
  • [0040]
    Other optional components of the compositions herein include suds suppressors, enzymes, fluorescers, photoactivators, soil suspending agents, anti-caking agents, pigments, perfumes, fabric conditioning agents etc.
  • [0041]
    Suds suppressors are represented by materials of the silicone, wax, vegetable and hydrocarbon oil and phosphate ester varieties. Suitable silicone suds controlling agents include polydimethylsiloxanes having a molecular weight in the range from about 200 to about 200,000 and a kinematic viscosity in the range from about 20 to about 2,000,000 mm²/s, preferably from about 3000 to about 30,000 mm²/s, and mixtures of siloxanes and hydrophobic silanated (preferably trimethylsilanated) silica having a particle size in the range from about 10 millimicrons to about 20 millimicrons and a specific surface area above about 50 m²/g. Suitable waxes include microcrystalline waxes having a melting point in the range from about 65°C to about 100°C, a molecular weight in the range from about 4000-1000, and a penetration value of at least 6, measured at 77°C by ASTM-D1321, and also paraffin waxes, synthetic waxes and natural waxes. Suitable phosphate esters include mono- and/or di-C₁₆-C₂₂ alkyl or alkenyl phosphate esters, and the corresponding mono- and/or di alkyl or alkenyl ether phosphates containing up to 6 ethoxy groups per molecule.
  • [0042]
    Enzymes suitable for use herein include those discussed in US-A-3,519,570 and US-A-3,533,139. Suitable fluorescers include Blankophor MBBH (Bayer AG) and Tinopal CBS and EMS (Ciba Geigy). Photoactivators are discussed in EP-A-57088, highly preferred materials being zinc phthalocyanine, tri- and tetra-sulfonates. Suitable fabric conditioning agents include smectite-type clays as disclosed in GB-A-1400898 and di-C₁₂-C₂₄ alkyl or alkenyl amines and ammonium salts.
  • [0043]
    Antiredeposition and soil suspension agents suitable herein include cellulose derivatives such as methylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose and hydroxyethylcellulose, and homo- or co-polymeric polycarboxylic acids or their salts in which the polycarboxylic acid comprises at least two carboxyl radicals separated from each other by not more than two carbon atoms. Polymers of this type are disclosed in GB-A-1,596,756. Preferred polymers include copolymers or salts thereof of maleic anhydride with ethylene, methylvinyl ether, acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, the maleic anhydride constituting at least about 10 mole percent, preferably at least about 20 mole percent of the copolymer. These polymers are valuable for improving whiteness maintenance, fabric ash deposition, and cleaning performance on clay, proteinaceous and oxidizable soils in the presence of transition metal impurities.
  • [0044]
    In the preferred embodiments, the laundry compositions herein have a bulk density of at least about 0.5g/cc, preferably at least about 0.6g/cc, and more preferably at least about 0.7g/cc. In the case of multi-compartment sachets, bulk density is measured on an individual compartment basis. Thus, the contents of at least one compartment or set of compartments should meet the preferred bulk density limitations. In highly preferred embodiments, however, at least about 50%, and more preferably at least about 80% by weight of the laundry composition is in one or more compartments meeting the bulk density parameters.
  • [0045]
    The laundry compositions are preferably made by spray-drying an aqueous slurry comprising anionic surfactant and detergency builder to a density of at least about 0.3g/cc, spraying-on nonionic surfactant, where present, and comminuting the spray-dried granules in for example a Patterson-Kelley twin shell blender. The aqueous slurry for spray drying preferably comprises from about 30% to about 60% water and from about 40% to about 70% of the detergency builder; it is heated to a temperature of from about 60°C to about 90°C and spray dried in a current of air having an inlet temperature of from about 200°C to about 400°C, preferably from about 275°C to about 350°C, and an outlet temperature of from about 95°C to about 125°C, preferably from about 100°C to about 115°C. The weight average particle size of the spray dried granules is from about 0.15 to about 3mm, preferably from about 0.5mm to about 1.4mm. After comminution, the weight average particle size is from about 0.1 to about 0.5mm, preferably from about 0.15 to about 0.4mm.
  • [0046]
    In the final laundry product, the total volume of laundry composition will normally lie in the range of from 60 to about 400cc, preferably from about 100 to 300cc and more preferably from about 200 to about 260cc, product volume being defined as product weight/bulk density. The volume of composition in any given compartment of the sachet will naturally depend on the product design and in particular on the number of compartments per sachet. In twin compartment sachets, for example, each compartment will preferably comprise from about 50 to about 150cc, more preferably from about 100 to about 130cc of product. Multi-compartment sachets containing as many as 25 to 100 compartments are within the scope of the invention, however, in which case the compartments can contain individually from about 1cc to about 15cc, preferably from about 3cc to about 9cc of product.
  • [0047]
    In the Examples, the abbreviations used have the following designation:
    LAS : Linear C₁₂ alkyl benzene sulphonate
    TAS : Tallow alkyl sulphate
    C14/15AS : Sodium C₁₄-C₁₅ alkyl sulphate
    TAEn : Hardened tallow alcohol ethoxylated with n moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol
    C₁₂TMAB : C₁₂ alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide
    Dobanol 45-E-7 : A C₁₄-C₁₅ primary alcohol condensed with 7 moles of ethylene oxide, marketed by Shell
    Clay : Sodium montmorillonite
    INOBS : Sodium 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoyl oxybenzene sulphonate
    TAED : Tetraacetylethylenediamine
    DPDA : Diperoxydodecanedioic acid (30%); boric acid/­sulphate mixture (70%)
    PPA : Peroxyphthalic acid, magnesium salt
    Silicone/Silica : 85:15 mixture of polydimethylsiloxane and silanated silica prilled with STPP and TAE₈₀
    Enzyme : Savinase prills
    STPP : Sodium tripolyphosphate
    Zeolite : Zeolite 4A
    Metasilicate : Sodium metasilicate
    Na₂CO₃ : Sodium carbonate
    Silicate : Sodium silicate (SiO₂:Na₂O = 1.6:1)
    Perborate : Anhydrous sodium perborate bleach of empirical formula NaBO₂.H₂O₂
    Percarbonate : Sodium percarbonate
    MA/AA : Maleic acid/acrylic acid copolymer, 1:3 mole ratio, m.wt. 70,000
    EDTA : Sodiumethylenediaminetetraacetate
    Brightener : Disodium 4,4ʹ-bis(2-morpholino-4-anilino-s-­triazin-6-ylamino)stilbene-2:2ʹ-disulphonate
    EDTMP : Ethylenediamine tetra(methylene phosphonic acid), marketed by Monsanto, under the Trade name Dequest 2041
  • EXAMPLES I TO VI
  • [0048]
    Six laundry products were prepared as follows:
  • [0049]
    A base powder composition is first prepared by mixing all components except Dobanol 45E7, bleach, bleach activator, enzyme, suds suppressor, phosphate and carbonate in a crutcher as an aqueous slurry at a temperature of about 55°C and containing about 35% water. The slurry is than spray dried at a gas inlet temperature of about 330°C to form base powder granules and the granules are comminuted in a Patterson-Kelley twin shell blender. The bleach activator where present, is then admixed with TAE₂₅ as binder and extruded in the form of elongate particles through a radial extruder as described in European Patent Application Number 62523. The bleach activator noodles, bleach, enzyme, suds suppressor, phosphate and carbonate are then dry-mixed with the base powder composition and finally Dobanol 45E7 is sprayed into the final mixture. Each composition had a bulk density of about 0.7g/cc.
  • [0050]
    A twin-compartment sachet is made from a poly(ethylene oxide) film having an average molecular weight of about 4,000,000, a tensile strength of about 3000 psi (20,682kPa) and an elongation of about 450%, and a non-woven fabric formed of 100% unbleached crimped rayon fibres of 1.5 denier bonded with 18% polyacrylate builder, the non-woven fabric having a basis weight of 35g/m² and containing 22 1.1mm x 1.1mm square-shaped apertures/cm². The sachet is made by superposing a sheet of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and a sheet of the non-woven fabric, each sheet measuring 120mm x 80mm, folding the superposed sheets midway along the long dimension with the poly(ethylene oxide) film inwards, heat-sealing the superposed sheets along the two opposing free edges and along a longitudinal seam parallel to and half-way between the two opposing edges, filling the two compartments with 120cc each of detergent composition I and then sealing along the open edge of the sachet. The procedure is then replicated five times using composition II to VI respectively. The resulting laundry products have acceptable storage characteristics and freedom from tackiness under high humidity conditions as well as excellent dissolution characteristics under typical European and US laundering conditions.
  • Examples VII to VIII
  • [0051]
    The procedure of Examples I to VI is repeated using compositions II and IV but in each instance, only one compartment of the twin-compartment sachet is filled with the detergent composition, the other compartment being filled with 14g of 30% active DPDA (Example VII) or 10g of PPA (Example VIII) respectively. The resulting products again have acceptable storage characteristics and freedom form tackiness under high humidity conditions as well as excellent dissolution characteristics under typical European and US laundering conditions.

Claims (7)

1. A laundry product which comprises a particulate laundry composition releasably contained within a single- or multi-compartment sachet formed of or comprising a thermoplastic film of water-soluble poly(ethylene oxide) having a viscosity-average molecular weight of at least 100,000, said film having an outer covering of a flexible apertured, water-insoluble but water-permeable non-woven, textile or paper sheet-like material.
2. A product according to Claim 1 wherein the poly(ethylene oxide) has a viscosity-average molecular weight of at least 500,000, preferably at least 1,000,000.
3. A product according to Claim 1 or 2 wherein the apertured sheet-like material has an aperture density of from 3 to 30 apertures per sq cm and wherein the apertures, on average, have an area of from 0.7mm² to 25mm².
4. A product according to any of Claims 1 to 3 wherein the or each compartment comprises a closed inner pouch formed of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and containing a quantity of the particulate detergent composition, the closed inner pouch being contained within and covered by an outer pouch formed of the water-insoluble but water permeable sheet-like material.
5. A product according to any of Claims 1 to 3 wherein the sachet is in the form of a laminate comprising two inner layers of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and two outer layers of the non-woven, textile or paper material, the laminate having seal lines bonding the inner and outer layers to one another arranged so as to define one or more closed, non-connecting pockets between the inner layers of the laminate.
6. A product according to Claim 5 wherein each inner layer is laminated continuously to its corresponding outer layer.
7. A product according to Claim 5 or 6 wherein the sachet is formed from a laminated substrate comprising a single ply of the poly(ethylene oxide) film and a single ply of the non-woven, textile or paper material, the laminated substrate being folded during manufacture of the product so as to provide the two inner layers of poly(ethylene oxide) film and the two outer layers of the non-woven, textile or paper material.
EP19870306045 1986-07-12 1987-07-08 Laundry products Expired - Lifetime EP0253566B1 (en)

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Cited By (13)

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EP0326208A2 (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-02 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Pouched granular detergent compositions containing hygroscopic builders
EP0414463A2 (en) * 1989-08-23 1991-02-27 Unilever Plc Laundry treatment product
GB2254857A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-10-21 Unilever Plc Sachet for laundry treatment
US6369293B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent composition including an uncrosslinked polymer
GB2369094A (en) * 2000-11-17 2002-05-22 Procter & Gamble Packaging assembly for sheets of water-soluble sachets
WO2003044155A1 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Unilever N.V. Detergent sachets
US6580015B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2003-06-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent composition including an uncrosslinked polymer
GB2385857A (en) * 2002-02-27 2003-09-03 Reckitt Benckiser Nv Washing materials
EP1375377A1 (en) * 2002-06-19 2004-01-02 Unilever N.V. Detergent sachets
US6995125B2 (en) * 2000-02-17 2006-02-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent product
WO2010025092A3 (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-05-27 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment sheet
US8822399B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2014-09-02 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment devices
WO2016022786A1 (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Soluble unit dose comprising a laundry detergent composition

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1484389B1 (en) 2000-11-27 2006-05-10 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent products, methods and manufacture

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US4082678A (en) * 1976-11-10 1978-04-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric conditioning articles and process
EP0079248A2 (en) * 1981-11-11 1983-05-18 Unilever N.V. Packaging film and packaging of detergent compositions therewith
EP0118313A2 (en) * 1983-03-08 1984-09-12 Unilever N.V. Method and device for conditioning fabrics in a tumble-dryer

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US4082678A (en) * 1976-11-10 1978-04-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric conditioning articles and process
EP0079248A2 (en) * 1981-11-11 1983-05-18 Unilever N.V. Packaging film and packaging of detergent compositions therewith
EP0118313A2 (en) * 1983-03-08 1984-09-12 Unilever N.V. Method and device for conditioning fabrics in a tumble-dryer

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0326208A2 (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-02 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Pouched granular detergent compositions containing hygroscopic builders
EP0326208A3 (en) * 1988-01-26 1990-11-28 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Pouched granular detergent compositions containing hygroscopic builders
EP0414463A2 (en) * 1989-08-23 1991-02-27 Unilever Plc Laundry treatment product
EP0414463A3 (en) * 1989-08-23 1991-11-06 Unilever Plc Laundry treatment product
US5132036A (en) * 1989-08-23 1992-07-21 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Laundry treatment product
US5160654A (en) * 1989-08-23 1992-11-03 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Laundry treatment product
GB2254857A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-10-21 Unilever Plc Sachet for laundry treatment
US6369293B1 (en) 1998-11-04 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent composition including an uncrosslinked polymer
US6580015B2 (en) 1999-09-14 2003-06-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent composition including an uncrosslinked polymer
US7304023B2 (en) 2000-02-17 2007-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent product
US7229955B2 (en) 2000-02-17 2007-06-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent product
US6995125B2 (en) * 2000-02-17 2006-02-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent product
GB2369094A (en) * 2000-11-17 2002-05-22 Procter & Gamble Packaging assembly for sheets of water-soluble sachets
WO2003044155A1 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-05-30 Unilever N.V. Detergent sachets
GB2385857B (en) * 2002-02-27 2004-04-21 Reckitt Benckiser Nv Washing materials
WO2003072695A1 (en) * 2002-02-27 2003-09-04 Reckitt Benckiser N.V. Textile articles for washing and cleaning applications
GB2385857A (en) * 2002-02-27 2003-09-03 Reckitt Benckiser Nv Washing materials
US7507698B2 (en) 2002-02-27 2009-03-24 Reckitt Benckiser N.V. Textile articles for washing and cleaning applications
EP1375377A1 (en) * 2002-06-19 2004-01-02 Unilever N.V. Detergent sachets
WO2010025092A3 (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-05-27 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment sheet
US7962976B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2011-06-21 Dirty Laundry, Llc Method of treating a stain or soiled area of a fabric using a laundry stain and soil pretreatment sheet
US7973003B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2011-07-05 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment sheet
US8216993B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2012-07-10 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment sheet
US8822399B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2014-09-02 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment devices
US9574164B2 (en) 2008-08-28 2017-02-21 Dirty Laundry, Llc Laundry stain and soil pretreatment devices
WO2016022786A1 (en) * 2014-08-07 2016-02-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Soluble unit dose comprising a laundry detergent composition
JP2017523291A (en) * 2014-08-07 2017-08-17 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Soluble unit doses containing laundry detergent composition

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE3784975D1 (en) 1993-04-29 grant
EP0253566B1 (en) 1993-03-24 grant
GB8617058D0 (en) 1986-08-20 grant
DE3784975T2 (en) 1993-07-22 grant
EP0253566A3 (en) 1989-03-08 application

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