EP0220024A2 - Granular detergent compositions having improved solubility - Google Patents

Granular detergent compositions having improved solubility Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0220024A2
EP0220024A2 EP19860307798 EP86307798A EP0220024A2 EP 0220024 A2 EP0220024 A2 EP 0220024A2 EP 19860307798 EP19860307798 EP 19860307798 EP 86307798 A EP86307798 A EP 86307798A EP 0220024 A2 EP0220024 A2 EP 0220024A2
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EP
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
base granules
composition according
weight
surfactant
detergent
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19860307798
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0220024A3 (en )
EP0220024B1 (en )
Inventor
Jeffrey Elijah Moore
Brett Alan Evans
Richard Hansen
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/37Mixtures of compounds all of which are anionic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D11/00Special methods for preparing compositions containing mixtures of detergents ; Methods for using cleaning compositions
    • C11D11/02Preparation in the form of powder by spray drying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/06Powder; Flakes; Free-flowing mixtures; Sheets
    • C11D17/065High-density particulate detergent compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/04Water-soluble compounds
    • C11D3/08Silicates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/14Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons or mono-alcohols
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds

Abstract

Spray dried detergent granules containing high levels of certain surfactants are compacted under certain conditions and admixed with other ingredients to form dense, rapidly dissolving detergent compositions.

Description

    Technical Field
  • The present invention relates to granular detergent compositions containing a specific mixture of alkylben­zene sulfonate surfactant, alkyl sulfate surfactant, alkali metal silicate and water-soluble sulfate. The compositions are prepared by drying, preferably by spray-drying, an aqueous slurry comprising the above components. While the compositions preferably also contain detergent builder materials, there should be relatively little or no pyrophosphate or anhydrous Form 1 tripolyphosphate builder in that portion of the composition prepared by drying the slurry comprising the sulfonate and sulfate surfactants, silicate and sulfate.
  • Mixtures of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants are desired for optimum detergency perform­ance. However, such mixtures tend to gel on contact with water. This can result in poor solubility of granules having high levels of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants, particularly when such granules are incorporated in dense detergent compositions.
  • It has now been found that very soluble granular detergent compositions containing high levels of alkyl­benzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants can be obtained by drying an aqueous slurry comprising the surfactants, silicate in a weight ratio of surfactant to silicate within the range of from 1.5:1 to 6:1, sulfate and relatively little or no pyrophosphate or anhydrous Form 1 tripolyphosphate detergent builder material. In preferred compositions, these soluble detergent granules are admixed or agglomerated with builders and other optional detergent ingredients. Particularly preferred compositions are obtained by admixing the soluble granules with builders, compacting the admix at relatively low pressures (e.g., 137.9 kPa to 1379 kPa and optionally admixing additional builders and other ingredients to provide finished granular detergent compositions.
  • Background Art
  • U.S. Patent 4,028,283, Murata et al, issued June 7, 1977, discloses granular detergents containing surfactants having a tendency to cake and an anticaking agent formed by reacting polyethylene glycol with an acid anhydride. The compositions can also contain 0-20% of other surfactants such as alkylbenzene sulfonates. Spray-dried detergents containing mixtures of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactants, silicate and builders are exemplified.
  • U.S. Patent 4,141,841, McDonald, issued February 27, 1979, discloses granular detergents containing particulate antistatic/softening additives. In Example 8, the particles are mixed with spray-dried base granule containing about 27% of a mixture of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactants, 18% silicate and about 22% sodium tripolyphosphate.
  • Japanese OPI 106509, published August 21, 1979, discloses spray-dried granular detergents containing 15-40% surfactant, 5-20% silicate and no more than 12% phosphate. The compositions are said to have good physical properties and to cause less deposition of insolubles on clothes.
  • Japanese OPI 72998 and 72999, published April 25, 1985, disclose dense granular detergents formed by high shear mixing of alkylbenzene sulfuric acid and alkyl sulfuric acid with sodium carbonate and water to cause neutralization, admixing other ingredients such as builders, and then crushing and granulating the mixture.
  • Summary of the Invention
  • This invention relates to a granular detergent composition prepared by:
    • (1) forming base granules comprising, by weight:
      • (a) from 30% to 85% of a mixture of a C₁₁-C₁₃ alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant and a C₁₂-C₁₆ alkyl sulfate surfactant in a weight ratio of sulfonate surfactant to sulfate surfactant of from 4:1 to 1:4;
      • (b) an alkali metal silicate having a molar ratio of SiO₂ to alkali metal oxide of from 1.0 to 3.2;
        the weight ratio of (a) to (b) being from 1.5:1 to 6:1;
      • (c) from 10% to 60% of a water-­soluble sulfate; and
      • (d) from 0% to 20% of a pyrophosphate or anhydrous Form l tripolyphosphate detergent builder material or mixtures thereof; said base granules prepared by drying an aqueous slurry comprising the above components;
    • (2) admixing said base granules with from 0% to 300%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material;
    • (3) compacting said admix at a pressure of from 137.9 to 1379 kPa;
    • (4) granulating the resulting compacted admix; and
    • (5) admixing an additional 0% to 300%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material;
      said composition having a bulk density of from 0.55 to 1.2 g/cc and an average particle size of from 20 to 1500 microns.
    Detailed Description of the Invention
  • The granular detergent compositions of the present invention contain from 30% to 85%, preferably from 35% to 60%, more preferably from 40% to 50%, by weight of a mixture of C₁₁-C₁₃ alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant and C₁₂-C₁₆ alkyl sulfate surfactant in a weight ratio of sulfonate sur­factant to sulfate surfactant of from 4:1 to 1:4, preferably from 3:1 to 1:3, more prefer­ably from 2:1 to 1:2.
  • Sulfonate surfactants useful herein are the water-­soluble salts, particularly the alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolammonium (e.g., monoethanolammonium or triethanolammonium) salts of alkylbenzene sulfonates in which the alkyl group contains from 11 to 13 carbon atoms, in straight chain or branched chain configuration, e.g., those of the type described in U.S. Patents 2,220,099 and 2,477,383.
  • Preferred are linear straight chain alkyl­benzene sulfonates in which the average number of carbon atoms in the alkyl group is from 12 to 13.
  • Useful alkyl sulfate surfactants are the water-­soluble salts, particularly the alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolammonium (e.g., monoethanolammonium or triethanolammonium) salts of C₁₂-C₁₆ linear or branched alkyl sulfates. Preferred are those containing a C₁₂-C₁₅, especially C₁₄-C₁₅, linear alkyl group.
  • The compositions herein can also contain minor amounts (generally less than 30%, but preferably less than 15%, by weight of the above sulfonate and sulfate surfactants) of other detergent surfactants known in the art. These can include anionic, nonionic, cationic, ampholytic and zwitterionic surfactants, such as those disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,919,678, Laughlin, et al, issued December 30, 1975.
  • The compositions of the present invention also contain an alkali metal silicate having a molar ratio of SiO₂ to alkali metal oxide of from 1.0 to 3.2, preferably from 1.6 to 2.4. Sodium silicate, particularly having a molar ratio of from 1.6 to 2.2, is preferred.
  • The alkali metal silicates can be purchased in either liquid or granular form. Silicate solutions or slurries can conveniently be used to avoid having to dissolve the dried form in the aqueous slurry (e.g., crutcher mix) of the components herein.
  • In addition, the weight ratio of the alkylbenzene sulfonate plus alkyl sulfate surfactants herein to the alkali metal silicate should be from 1.5:1 to 6:1, preferably from 2:1 to 4:1, more preferably from 2.5:1 to 3.5:1.
  • The present compositions further contain from 10% to 60%, preferably from about 20% to about 50%, by weight of a water-soluble (preferably sodium) sulfate. Sodium sulfate is usually formed during the sulfation/sulfonation and neutralization steps in the production of the alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants herein.
  • The compositions herein are prepared by drying an aqueous slurry comprising the components. The slurry generally contains from 25% to 70%, preferably from 40% to 60%, water, whereas the dried granules initially contain from 1% to 10%, preferably from 1% to 3%, water. The drying operation can be accomplished by any convenient means, such as by using spray-drying towers, both counter-current and co-current, fluid beds, flash-drying equipment, or industrial microwave or oven-drying equipment. These are more fully described in U.S. Patent 4,019,998, Benson et al, issued April 26, 1977 (particularly from Column 14, line 19 to Column 15, line 9).
  • The granular detergents herein are very soluble in the wash water even though they contain high levels of alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants. Good solubility is obtained when the weight ratio of total sulfonate plus sulfate surfactant to silicate is within the 1.5:1 to 6:1 range specified above. While not intending to be limited by theory, it is believed that this relatively high level of silicate provides structure and helps to maintain integrity of the high surfactant granules and that this minimizes gelling when the surfactants contact the wash water. However, if the silicate level becomes too high (e.g., a surfactant to silicate ratio of 1:1), overall solubility can suffer due to the formation of silicate insolubles. On the other hand, granules having a surfactant to silicate ratio of, for example, 8:1, have insufficient structure and tend to be too mushy at these high surfactant levels.
  • For good solubility, the amount of detergent pyrophosphate or anhydrous Form 1 tripolyphosphate builder material in the portion of the granular detergent obtained by drying an aqueous slurry of the essential components herein should also be minimized. Thus the compositions can contain from 0% to 20%, preferably from 0% to 15%, more preferably from 0% to 10%, by weight of such detergent builder material or mixtures thereof. Most preferably, the compositions are substantially free of such detergent builder (e.g., they contain less than 5%, preferably less than 3%, by weight of such builder).
  • The compositions can contain up to 60% preferably from 1% to 45% by weight of other detergent builders including any of those described in U.S. Patent 3,925,262, Laughlin et al, issued December 9, 1975. Builders are generally selected from the various water-soluble alkali metal, ammonium or substituted ammonium phosphates, polyphosphates, phosphonates, polyphosphonates, carbonates, borates, polyhydroxy sulfonates, polyacetates, carboxylates, and polycarboxylates. Preferred are the alkali metal, especially sodium, salts of the above.
  • Specific examples of inorganic phosphate builders are sodium and potassium tripolyphosphate, (Form 11 or hydrated Form 1), polymeric metaphosphate having a degree of polymerization of from 6 to 21, and orthophosphate. Examples of polyphosphonate builders are the sodium and potassium salts of ethylene diphosphonic acid, the sodium and potassium salts of ethane 1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonic acid and the sodium and potassium salts of ethane, 1,1,2-­triphosphonic acid. Other phosphorus builder compounds are disclosed in U.S. Patents 3,159,581; 3,213,030; 3,422,021; 3,422,137; 3,400,176; and 3,400,148.
  • Examples of nonphosphorus, inorganic builders are sodium and potassium carbonate, bicarbonate, sesquicarbonate, and tetraborate decahydrate.
  • Water-soluble, nonphosphorus organic builders useful herein include the various alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium polyacetates, carboxylates, polycarboxylates and polyhydroxy sulfonates. Examples of polyacetate and polycarboxylate builders are the sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, nitrilotriacetic acid, oxydisuccinic acid, mellitic acid, benzene polycarboxylic acids, and citric acid.
  • Polymeric polycarboxylate builders are also described in U.S. Patent 3,308,067, Diehl, issued March 7, 1967. Such materials include the water-soluble salts of homo- and copolymers of aliphatic carboxylic acids such as maleic acid, itaconic acid, mesaconic acid, fumaric acid, aconitic acid, citraconic acid and methylenemalonic acid.
  • Other useful builders herein are sodium and potassium carboxymethyloxymalonate, carboxymethyloxysuc­cinate, cis-cyclohexanehexacarboxylate, cis-cyclopentane­tetracarboxylate, phloroglucinol trisulfonate, and the copolymers of maleic anhydride with vinyl methyl ether or ethylene.
  • Other suitable polycarboxylates are the polyacetal carboxylates described in U.S. Patent 4,144,226, issued March 13, 1979 to Crutchfield et al, and U.S. Patent 4,246,495, issued March 27, 1979 to Crutchfield et al. These polyacetal carboxylates can be prepared by bringing together under polymerization conditions an ester of glyoxylic acid and a polymerization initiator. The resulting polyacetal carboxylate ester is then attached to chemically stable end groups to stabilize the polyacetal carboxylate against rapid depolymerization in alkaline solution and converted to the corresponding salt.
  • A preferred phosphate builder is Form 11 sodium tripolyphosphate preferably anhydrous. A preferred builder for use in compositions that are substantially free of phosphate builders is sodium citrate.
  • When admixed, the builders herein should have the same particle size as the remainder of the composition, as described hereinafter.
  • The above granular detergent compositions can be used as is as finished detergent compositions or as detergent additive compositions. However, they are preferably used as (and hereinafter referred to as) detergent base granules which are then admixed or agglomerated with builder material and with other optional ingredients to provide finished detergent compositions exhibiting good solubility. Such finished compositions can comprise by weight from 5% to 50%, preferably from 10% to 40%, more preferably from 12% to 25%, of the alkylbenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate surfactants herein and from 5% to about 95%, preferably from 10% to 85%, more preferably from 15% to 75%, of detergent builder material, such as described above. However, for best solubility, the amount of pyrophosphate and anhydrous Form 1 tripolyphosphate should be minimised i.e. the finished compositions preferably contain from 0% to 20% preferably from 0% to 10% of such material or mixtures thereof.
  • The compositions can also contain minor amounts, generally less than 30%, preferably less than 20%, by weight of other ingredients usually included in detergent compositions. These include auxiliary detergent surfactants, color speckles, bleaching agents, and bleach activators, suds boosters or suds suppressors, antitarnish and anticorrosion agents, soil suspending agents, soil release agents, dyes, fillers, optical brighteners, germicides, pH adjusting agents, nonbuilder alkalinity sources, enzymes, enzyme-stabilizing agents and perfumes.
  • Agglomeration can be accomplished by agitating in the presence of a suitable binder (e.g., in a fluidized bed, tumble mixer, or a rotating drum or pan) or by mechanically mixing under pressure (e.g., extruding, pressing, milling, compacting or pelletizing). Final sizing can then be achieved by grinding and screening.
  • In the present invention the detergent base granules are admixed with from 0% to 300%, preferably from 25% to 200%, more preferably from 50% to 150%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material such as described above. The resulting admix is then preferably compacted at a relatively low pressure of from 137.9 to 1379 preferably from 275.8 to 1034 more preferably from 344.8 to 689.4 kilo Pascals (kPa).
  • The composition is then preferably admixed with an additional 0% to 300%, preferably from 25% to 200%, more preferably from 50% to 150%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material. The above levels and types of builder material and compaction pressure are preferably selected so that the final detergent composition has a bulk density of from 0.55 to 1.2, preferably from 0.65 to 1.1, more preferably from 0.70 to 0.9 g/cc and an average particle size of from 20 to 1500 microns, preferably from 50 to 1200 microns, more preferably from 100 to 800 microns.
  • The above compaction step is preferably accomplished by using equipment that applies a relatively uniform compaction pressure, for example, by using compaction rollers with smooth (i.e., noncorrugated) surfaces. After compaction, the composition is preferably granulated and screened to provide an average particle size similar to that desired for the final composition.
  • The following nonlimiting examples illustrate the detergent compositions of the present invention.
  • All percentages, parts and ratios are by weight unless otherwise specified.
  • Example I
  • The following granular detergent composition was prepared.
  • The base granules were produced by spray-drying an aqueous crutcher mix of the components on a 305 cm tower using a crutcher temperature of 93°C a size 3-1/2 nozzle to make fine granules, and silicone deaeratants. If the base granules contained more than 2% moisture, a second drying stage on a continuous fluid bed was performed to reduce moisture to 2%.
  • The base granules were then admixed with powdered STP hexahydrate to form the preblend. The preblend was compacted at 344.8 kPa roll pressure on a 10 cm by 25 cm chilsonator, and screened to select a -14(1168 microns)/+65(208 microns) particle size cut (Tyler mesh). Oversized particles were collected and granulated on a Fitzmill using a 1168 microns screen and low rpm's. This was screened to select a -20(833 microns)/+48(295 microns) particle size cut. Both materials were dedusted by blowing off fines in a fluid bed dryer using ambient air.
  • The admix was prepared at 181.5 kg per batch in a drum mixer. Carbonate, granular STP (with dye sprayed-on), brightener, enzymes, and suds supressor prills were blended with the compacted mainstream product cut and regranulated overs. The ratio of mainstream product cut to overs was 7 to 1. Mineral oil was sprayed on the final admix in 13.6 to 18.1 kg batches at a 1% level using a Forberg Mixer.
  • The composition of Example 1 is preferably incorporated into a laminated laundry product formed from two plies of water insoluble tissues, at least one of which is water permeable, which are laminated together. At least one of the plies has cup like depressions, surrounded by rims and the other ply being attached to the first ply at the rim to physically separate the cups. In one embodiment the laminate is made with plies of the tissue paper described by Trokhan in U.S. Patent 4,529,480, issued July 16, 1985.
  • The tissue had good air permeability as set forth in U.S. Patent 4,170,565, Flesher et al, issued October 9, 1979.
  • There are 12 cups, having 20 cc capacity each and at least 8 of the cups are filled with about 9 gm (11 cc) of the detergent composition and the other cups are filled with at least one detergent adjuvant. Other materials which can be used to form suitable laminates and processes for forming suitable laminates are disclosed in Bahrani US Patent No. 4571924 and European Patent Application Publication No. 0184261.
  • When the composition of Example 1 is incorporated in said laminated laundry product, it exhibits superior solubility.
  • Example II
  • The following granular detergent composition can be prepared and used according to Example I.

Claims (11)

1. A granular detergent composition prepared by:
(1) forming base granules comprising, by weight:
(a) from 30% to 85% of a mixture of a C₁₁-C₁₃ alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant and a C₁₂-C₁₆ alkyl sulfate surfactant in a weight ratio of sulfonate surfactant to sulfate surfactant of from 4:1 to 1:4;
(b) an alkali metal silicate having a molar ratio of SiO₂ to alkali metal oxide of from 1.0 to 3.2;
the weight ratio of (a) to (b) being from 1.5:1 to 6:1;
(c) from 10% to 60% of a water-soluble sulfate; and
(d) from 0% to 20% of a pyrophosphate or anhydrous Form 1 tripolyphosphate material or mixtures thereof;
said base granules being prepared by drying an aqueous slurry comprising the above components;
(2) mixing said base granules with from 0% to 300%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material;
(3) compacting said base granules or said base granule-builder material mixture at a pressure of from 137.9 to 1379 kPa;
(4) granulating the resulting compacted mass and
(5) admixing an additional 0% to 300%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material;
said composition having a bulk density of from 0.55 to 1.2 g/cc and an average particle size of from 20 to 1500 micrometers.
2. A composition according to Claim 1 wherein the base granules comprise from 35% to 60% of the sulfonate and sulfate surfactants, in a weight ratio of sulfonate surfactant to sulfate surfactant of from 2:1 to 1:2.
3. A composition according to either one of Claims 1 and 2 wherein the sulfonate surfactant is sodium C₁₂-C₁₃ linear alkylbenzene sulfonate and the sulfate surfactant is sodium C₁₄-C₁₅ linear alkyl sulfate.
4. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-3 wherein the weight ratio of (a) to (b) is from 2.0:1 to 4.0:1.
5. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-4 wherein the silicate is sodium silicate having a molar ratio of SiO₂ to alkali metal oxide of from 1.6 to 2.4.
6. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-5 wherein the base granules are mixed with from 50% to 150%, by weight of the base granules, of a detergent builder material in step (2).
7. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-6 wherein the detergent builder material mixed with the base granules comprises sodium tripolyphosphate hexahydrate.
8. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-7 wherein the mixture of step (2) is compacted at a pressure of from 275.8 to 1034 kPa, preferably of from 344.8 to 689.4 kPa.
9. A composition according to Claim 8 wherein the compacted mixture is admixed with additional (50% to 150%, by weight of the base granules) detergent builder material in an amount of from 50% to 150%, by weight of the base granules.
10. A composition according to any one of Claims 1-9 having a bulk density of from 0.70 to 0.9 g/cc.
11. A laminated laundry product comprising two plies of water insoluble tissue in which:
(1) at least one ply is water permeable;
(2) at least one ply defines more than one cup, each cup being surrounded by a rim of that ply;
(3) the second ply is sealed to the first ply at least at the rims of the cups to physically separate the cups so that the contents of the cups remain in place; and more than one cup contains a granular detergent composition according to any one of Claims 1-13.
EP19860307798 1985-10-09 1986-10-09 Granular detergent compositions having improved solubility Expired - Lifetime EP0220024B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US78593385 true 1985-10-09 1985-10-09
US785933 1985-10-09

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EP0220024A2 true true EP0220024A2 (en) 1987-04-29
EP0220024A3 true EP0220024A3 (en) 1988-11-09
EP0220024B1 EP0220024B1 (en) 1993-08-04

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JP (1) JPH07116476B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1275019A (en)
DE (2) DE3688821D1 (en)

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GB2217340A (en) * 1988-04-14 1989-10-25 Unilever Plc Preparation of a granular detergent composition
EP0342043A2 (en) * 1988-05-13 1989-11-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Granular laundry compositions
EP0349200A2 (en) * 1988-06-29 1990-01-03 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Process for making concentrated surfactant granules
EP0349201A2 (en) * 1988-06-29 1990-01-03 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent granules from cold dough using fine dispersion granulation
US5030379A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-07-09 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Process for preparing high bulk density detergent powders admixed with zeolite and coated with nonionic surfactant
EP0456315A2 (en) * 1990-05-08 1991-11-13 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Low pH granular laundry detergent compositions containing aluminosilicate citric acid and carbonate builders
US5133924A (en) * 1988-11-02 1992-07-28 Lever Brothers Company Process for preparing a high bulk density granular detergent composition
EP0513824A2 (en) * 1991-05-17 1992-11-19 Kao Corporation Process for producing nonionic detergent granules
EP0534525A2 (en) * 1991-09-27 1993-03-31 Unilever N.V. Detergent powders and process for preparing them
US5298183A (en) * 1990-06-06 1994-03-29 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Soap powder compositions
US5324455A (en) * 1989-12-04 1994-06-28 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Process for preparing a high bulk density detergent composition having improved dispensing properties
WO1995020035A1 (en) * 1994-01-19 1995-07-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for producing a high density detergent composition having improved solubility by agglomeration of anionic surfactants and an agglomerating agent
WO1996029390A1 (en) * 1995-03-18 1996-09-26 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Powdered to granular washing or cleaning agent
US5587104A (en) * 1991-01-08 1996-12-24 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Readily soluble dry concentrates containing ingredients of detergents
EP0753571A1 (en) 1995-07-10 1997-01-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Process for making granular detergent composition
WO1998054287A1 (en) * 1997-05-30 1998-12-03 Unilever Plc Phosphate-built detergent compositions
WO1999036503A1 (en) * 1998-01-13 1999-07-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular compositions having improved dissolution
WO2000018856A1 (en) * 1998-09-25 2000-04-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent granules
US6069124A (en) * 1997-05-30 2000-05-30 Lever Brothers Company Division Of Conopco, Inc. Granular detergent compositions and their production
WO2000037595A1 (en) * 1998-12-19 2000-06-29 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Compactate with a silicate builder
US6191095B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-02-20 Lever Brothers Company, A Division Of Conopco, Inc. Detergent compositions
US6221831B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-04-24 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Free flowing detergent composition containing high levels of surfactant
US6294512B1 (en) 1998-01-13 2001-09-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular compositions having improved dissolution
US6303558B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-16 Lever Brothers Co., Division Of Conopco Detergent composition containing at least two granular components
EP0741776B2 (en) 1994-01-25 2001-10-24 Unilever N.V. Process for the preparation of detergent tablets
US6747000B2 (en) * 2000-05-05 2004-06-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making solid cleaning components
WO2005105976A1 (en) * 2004-05-05 2005-11-10 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
WO2009115380A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Spray-dried washing or cleaning products

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JP3604623B2 (en) 2000-10-23 2004-12-22 花王株式会社 Method for producing anionic surfactant powder
JP5328781B2 (en) * 2007-07-03 2013-10-30 ビーエーエスエフ ソシエタス・ヨーロピアBasf Se Essentially α- alanine -N, N- diacetic acid and / or α- alanine -N, containing one or more derivatives of N- diacetic acid, free-flowing at and storage stability of solid production process

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DE3624336A1 (en) * 1986-07-18 1988-01-28 Henkel Kgaa A process for preparing free-flowing alkaline detergents by compacting granulation
GB2217340A (en) * 1988-04-14 1989-10-25 Unilever Plc Preparation of a granular detergent composition
US5030379A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-07-09 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Process for preparing high bulk density detergent powders admixed with zeolite and coated with nonionic surfactant
EP0342043A2 (en) * 1988-05-13 1989-11-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Granular laundry compositions
EP0342043A3 (en) * 1988-05-13 1990-10-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular laundry compositions
EP0349200A2 (en) * 1988-06-29 1990-01-03 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Process for making concentrated surfactant granules
EP0349201A2 (en) * 1988-06-29 1990-01-03 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent granules from cold dough using fine dispersion granulation
EP0349201B1 (en) * 1988-06-29 1995-09-27 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent granules from cold dough using fine dispersion granulation
EP0349200B1 (en) * 1988-06-29 1995-09-27 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Process for making concentrated surfactant granules
US5133924A (en) * 1988-11-02 1992-07-28 Lever Brothers Company Process for preparing a high bulk density granular detergent composition
US5324455A (en) * 1989-12-04 1994-06-28 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Process for preparing a high bulk density detergent composition having improved dispensing properties
EP0456315A3 (en) * 1990-05-08 1992-02-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Low ph granular laundry detergent compositions containing aluminosilicate citric acid and carbonate builders
EP0456315A2 (en) * 1990-05-08 1991-11-13 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Low pH granular laundry detergent compositions containing aluminosilicate citric acid and carbonate builders
US5298183A (en) * 1990-06-06 1994-03-29 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Soap powder compositions
US5587104A (en) * 1991-01-08 1996-12-24 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Readily soluble dry concentrates containing ingredients of detergents
EP0513824A3 (en) * 1991-05-17 1995-03-08 Kao Corp
EP0513824A2 (en) * 1991-05-17 1992-11-19 Kao Corporation Process for producing nonionic detergent granules
US5468516A (en) * 1991-05-17 1995-11-21 Kao Corporation Process for producing nonionic detergent granules
EP0534525A2 (en) * 1991-09-27 1993-03-31 Unilever N.V. Detergent powders and process for preparing them
WO1995020035A1 (en) * 1994-01-19 1995-07-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for producing a high density detergent composition having improved solubility by agglomeration of anionic surfactants and an agglomerating agent
EP0741776B2 (en) 1994-01-25 2001-10-24 Unilever N.V. Process for the preparation of detergent tablets
WO1996029390A1 (en) * 1995-03-18 1996-09-26 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Powdered to granular washing or cleaning agent
EP0753571A1 (en) 1995-07-10 1997-01-15 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Process for making granular detergent composition
WO1998054287A1 (en) * 1997-05-30 1998-12-03 Unilever Plc Phosphate-built detergent compositions
US6303558B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-16 Lever Brothers Co., Division Of Conopco Detergent composition containing at least two granular components
US6069124A (en) * 1997-05-30 2000-05-30 Lever Brothers Company Division Of Conopco, Inc. Granular detergent compositions and their production
US6221831B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-04-24 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Free flowing detergent composition containing high levels of surfactant
US6191095B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-02-20 Lever Brothers Company, A Division Of Conopco, Inc. Detergent compositions
US6294512B1 (en) 1998-01-13 2001-09-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular compositions having improved dissolution
WO1999036503A1 (en) * 1998-01-13 1999-07-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular compositions having improved dissolution
WO2000018856A1 (en) * 1998-09-25 2000-04-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent granules
US6635610B1 (en) 1998-09-25 2003-10-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent granules
WO2000037595A1 (en) * 1998-12-19 2000-06-29 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Compactate with a silicate builder
US6747000B2 (en) * 2000-05-05 2004-06-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making solid cleaning components
WO2005105976A1 (en) * 2004-05-05 2005-11-10 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
WO2009115380A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Spray-dried washing or cleaning products
EP2787064A3 (en) * 2008-03-19 2014-10-15 Henkel AG&Co. KGAA Spray-dried washing or cleaning agent

Also Published As

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EP0220024A3 (en) 1988-11-09 application
CA1275019A1 (en) grant
DE3688821D1 (en) 1993-09-09 grant
JPS62169900A (en) 1987-07-27 application
DE3688821T2 (en) 1994-03-10 grant
EP0220024B1 (en) 1993-08-04 grant
JPH07116476B2 (en) 1995-12-13 grant
CA1275019A (en) 1990-10-09 grant

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