EP0149712A2 - Snap in cylinders for revolvers - Google Patents

Snap in cylinders for revolvers Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0149712A2
EP0149712A2 EP84109959A EP84109959A EP0149712A2 EP 0149712 A2 EP0149712 A2 EP 0149712A2 EP 84109959 A EP84109959 A EP 84109959A EP 84109959 A EP84109959 A EP 84109959A EP 0149712 A2 EP0149712 A2 EP 0149712A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cylinder
frame
revolver
shaft
means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP84109959A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0149712A3 (en
Inventor
Clinton J. Dewitt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DeWitt Clinton J
Original Assignee
DeWitt, Clinton J.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US52567383A priority Critical
Priority to US525673 priority
Application filed by DeWitt, Clinton J. filed Critical DeWitt, Clinton J.
Publication of EP0149712A2 publication Critical patent/EP0149712A2/en
Publication of EP0149712A3 publication Critical patent/EP0149712A3/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41CSMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • F41C3/00Pistols, e.g. revolvers
    • F41C3/14Revolvers

Abstract

A revolver has a cylinder which is completely removable. Upon actuation of an ejection lever, the cylinder is automatically ejected laterally of the revolver frame. A new fully-loaded interchangeable cylinder is then quickly and easily snapped into place within the revolver frame. This replacement is effected without visual supervision or special training. The speed and simplicity of the reloading process make the revolver suitable for use by law enforcement personnel.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates generally to firearms, and more specifically, to revolvers provided with cylinders which are quickly and easily removed.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The most commonly used handguns are revolvers and semi-automatic pistols. There are advantages and disadvantages associated with both of these types of firearms.
  • The semi-automatic pistol is loaded with a clip-type of magazine. This magazine holds more rounds of ammunition than the cylinder of the typical revolver and is easier to load. The semi-automatic may be "single action" or "double action". The "single-action" semi-automatic has an exterior safety device, which must be released in order to operate the weapon. When locked, the hammer and magazine of the "single-action" semi-automatic are under constant compression. As a result, the long term reliability of this weapon is decreased, and additional maintenance and repair are required. Moreover, .the "double-action" semi-automatic requires a greater trigger pressure for the first round than for succeeding rounds.
  • Mechanically, the revolver is simpler than the semi-automatic pistol. In addition, the revolver mechanisms are unstressed when not in use. As a result, the revolver is easy to operate and maintain, and is less prone to accidental discharge and jamming, than the semi-automatic pistol. For these reasons, the revolver is preferred to the semi-automatic by most law enforcement agencies.
  • A major disadvantage of the revolver is the length of time needed for reloading. This disadvantage has been partially alleviated by the development of the "speed loader." Typically, the commercially available speed loader maintains a full reload of fresh cartridges in an arrangement which conforms to the configuration of the cylinder bore. The speed loader thereby allows a full complement of cartridges to be loaded simultaneously, rather than individually.
  • However, there are disadvantages associated with the use of the speed loader. First, when a law enforcement officer using the speed loader is under fire, the officer's eyes must be taken off of the assailant in order to reload. During the reloading, the assailant may maneuver and thereby gain a strategic advantage. Second, the proper use of a speed loader often requires training and practice. Even an expert in the use of the speed loader may require at least five seconds to accomplish this task. Third, many speed loaders fail to adequately protect the ammunition while in storage. Thus, if the speed loader were accidently dropped, the ammunition may become damaged or misaligned.
  • In the known prior art, replaceable cylinders have been mounted to the revolver frame by means of a pivot or linkage. These pivoted mechanisims may fail after a period of time due to the relatively-high impact loads incurred during firing of the revolver. Additionally, in the known prior art, the ejection and replacement means for such cylinders are cumbersone and require additional manual operations to reload.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to alleviate the disadvantages of the prior art by providing a revolver having a readily removable cylinder, one which is easily and automatically ejected from the revolver frame, so that a second, preloaded cylinder may be easily installed without looking away from the target.
  • It is another object of the present invention to provide a revolver having a cylinder which is easily removed and installed, thereby eliminating the necessity of the pivot mechanisms of the prior art.
  • It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a cylinder which may be removed completely from the revolver, thereby rendering the revolver inoperable for safe storage, even if discovered by an unauthorized person (such as a child).
  • It is yet still another object of the present invention to provide a revolver having several removable and interchangeable fully-loaded cylinders, thereby providing the revolver with the firepower normally associated with a semi-automatic pistol.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to provide a revolver with quickly removable and installable cylinders to greatly reduce the reloading time associated with a service revolver, thereby substantially reducing the risk of bodily harm to law enforcement personnel.
  • It is a still further object to provide law enforcement or military personnal the opportunity to adapt a revolver to changing needs, as for example, exchanging a cylinder loaded with standard ammunition for one loaded with high power or armor-piercing ammunition.
  • It is a yet still further object to provide a revolver having easily removable and installable cylinders for reloading, without requiring extensive training and practice.
  • It is, again, another object of the present invention to provide a revolver having a readily removable and installable cylinder, yet one which is relatively reliable, durable, free of jamming problems, and adaptable to mass production methods.
  • In accordance with the teachings of the present invention, a preferred embodiment is herein disclosed, wherein a revolver includes a frame having a completely removable cylinder therein. The cylinder is adapted to be easily replaced with a second fully- loaded cylinder. A retention means maintains the cylinder within the frame and has an engaged and a disengaged position. A first resilient means maintains the retention means in its engaged position, thereby maintaining the cylinder in the frame. A manually-operable release means opposes the first resilient means for selectively moving the retention means into its disengaged position. When the retention means is disengaged, one or more resilient means automatically eject the cylinder completely from the frame. In this manner, a revolver can be reloaded quickly by ejecting the first cylinder from the frame and inserting the second cylinder therein, without the necessity for looking at the revolver.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
    • Figure 1 is a longitudinal view, partially in section, of a revolver incorporating the teachings of the present invention.
    • Figure 2 is a section view taken across lines 2-2 of Figure 1, showing a guide channel in the revolver frame for the replaceable cylinder, and further showing one of the second resilient means for biasing the cylinder towards automatic ejection from the revolver frame.
    • Figure 3 is a section view taken along the lines 3-3 of Figure 1, showing the actuation ramp, centering pin, and one of several ejection means.
    • Figure 4 is an rear end view of the cylinder, removed from the revolver.
    • Figure 5 is a front end view of the cylinder, removed from the revolver.
    • Figure 6 is an elevation of the cylinder, showing respective anti-friction devices on forward and rear collars on the respective end faces of the cylinders, and further showing a rearwardly-protruding tapered portion of a central shaft carried by the cylinder.
    • Figures 7, 8, and 9 are section views, taken across lines 7,9 - 7,9 of Figure 3, drawn to an enlarged scale, and showing (in sequence) the insertion of the removable cylinder into the revolver frame.
    • Figure 7 shows an anti-friction device (preferably, a roller 'bearing) which is carried by a forward collar on the cylinder, and which engages a retractable spring-loaded actuation ramp mounted in the forward portion of the revolver fame.
    • Figure 8 show the actuation ramp and integrally-formed tapered centering pin in its fully retracted position, as the cylinder moves further into the revolver frame.
    • Figure 9 shows the tapered centering pin in its fully extended position within a tapered pocket on the face of the cylinder, such that the cylinder is in its operative position, and the revolver is ready for firing.
    • Figure 10 is an exploded isometric view of the revolver and its detached cylinder, ready for insertion into the revolver.
    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • With reference to the drawings, a revolver R has a frame F for receiving a removable cylinder 20. The removable cylinder 20 has longitudinal bores 21 for receiving cartridges C, one of which is shown in broken lines in Figure 10. The cylinder also has a central bore 23 having an expanded portion 24. A shaft 22 is loosely received within the central bore, such that the --cylinder may rotate freely about the shaft. A spring 25, within the expanded portion of the central bore, contacts a shoulder 26 on the shaft and biases the shaft rearwardly. As a result, the shaft has a restricted longitudinal movement within the central bore of the cylinder.
  • The rear end face of the cylinder is reduced to form a collar 30. An anti-friction device, such as a roller bearing 27, is press-fitted on the collar. A rear face of the collar 30 has a ratchet plate 31, shown more clearly in Figure 4, having a series of ramps 32 concentrically of the central bore. The ramps 32 provide the advancing means, so that the cartridge bores 21 are brought into firing position, in series, as the trigger is pulled. A tapered rear portion 28 of the shaft protrudes from the rear face of the cylinder and is received in a complemental rear pilot bore 29, as shown more clearly in Figures 1 and 10.
  • The forward end face of the cylinder is also reduced to form a forward collar 33. An anti-friction device, such as a roller bearing 34, is press-fitted on the collar 33. The forward end of the central bore in the cylinder has a tapered counterbore 49 concentrically of collar 33. This tapered counterbore forms a forward pilot bore for receiving a complementary spring-loaded tapered centering pin 35.
  • The frame of the revolver has a centering pin cavity 37, as shown more clearly in Figure 1. A spring 38 is received in the cavity and urges the centering pin 35 rearwardly. The centering pin is received within a tapered counterbore 49 in the cylinder, thereby displacing the shaft 22 rearwardly. When the shaft 22 is displaced rearwardly, the tapered rear portion 28 of the shaft is received within the pilot bore 29 in the revolver frame, as shown in Figure 1. The cylinder 20 is seated in the revolver frame and is retained in a first operative mode, which permits only rotational motion of the cylinder, and the revolver is ready for firing. During firing, the various cylinder bores 21 are alternately aligned with the barrel of the revolver, and the cartidges in the barrel may be sequentially discharged in the usual manner.
  • To install the cylinder 20 within the revolver, a forward guide channel 39 ( shown in Figure 3) and a rear guide channel 40 (shown in Figure 2) are formed in the revolver frame. The rear guide channel 40 is defined by shoulders 41 which taper or converge inwardly of the revolver frame. The inner surface of the rear guide channel 40,-between the shoulders 41, defines an inclined ramping surface 42. This ramping surface 42 contacts and gradually depresses the shaft 22 during installation of the cylinder 20 within the revolver frame. The shoulders 41 engage and direct the outer surface of the roller bearing 27, thereby guiding the cylinder until the roller bearing 27 is substantially aligned with the rear pilot bore 29. At that point, the tapered rear end portion 28 of the shaft 22 "snaps" into engagement with the rear pilot bore 29. The cylinder is then in its seated and operational position.
  • Similarly, the forward guide channel 39 within the revolver frame has an inclined ramping surface 43 with shoulders 44 to guide the forward portion of the cylinder 20 into its seated operational position. As the forward roller bearing 34 engages and is,directed up the ramped surface 43, the bearing 34 engages an inclined actuation ramp 45. This ramp 45 protrudes through an opening 45A in the forward guide channel 39, as shown in Figures 7 and 9, thereby depressing the spring loaded ramp. The ramp is formed integrally with centering pin 35, and the centering pin 35 is withdrawn within the confines of the cavity 37 (as shown more clearly in Figure 8). When advanced beyond this point and into the operational position, the centering pin 25 once again returns to its fully extended position, seating itself within the tapered counterbore 49 as shown in Figure 9. As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the stops 5 and 3 have surfaces 2 and 48, respectively, which are complementally formed to receive and match with the outer surface of the cylindrical roller bearings 27 and 34. When the cylinder is in its operative position, the respective bore 21 is directly aligned at its front end with the barrel B (Figure 3) and with the firing pin P (Figure 2) at its the rear end.
  • In order to remove the cylinder 20 from the revolver frame, the ejection lever 9 is pressed forwardly. This rotates a pivot shaft 8 which carries an actuation lever 7. The actuation lever pushes an ejection shaft 6 forwardly in the revolver frame, and the ejection shaft displaces the cylinder shaft 22 forwardly until the rear portion of the shaft 22 is flush with the ratchet plate 30. At that point, the shaft and the cylinder carried thereby are released from the means which retains the cylinder within the revolver frame. Thereafter, the rear stop 5 and the forward stop 3, spaced from one another, automatically eject the cylinder 20 from the revolver frame. These stops 5 and 3 are constantly urged by resilient means 4 and 4a, respectively, from a first retracted position in which the cylinder 20 is in its seated operational mode within the revolver frame (ready for firing of the revolver) into a second extended position in which the cylinder is automatically ejected from the revolver frame.
  • Spring clips 47 (or other suitable retaining means) are provided to retain the cartridges within the cylinder thereby retaining the cartridges even if the cylinder is inverted. In a preferred embodiment, each spring clip 47 .is-substantially V-shaped and-is snapped within a closed pocket 47a communicating with the bore 21 for the cartridge C. The apex of the V is received in the annular groove 47b formed in the cartridge C near the annular rim at the base of the cartridge.
  • In operation, the revolver may be provided with at least two cylinders 20. After a full load of cartridges is discharged, the first cylinder may be removed quickly and easily by simply pressing the ejection lever 9 forwardly. The stops 3 and 5 then thrust outwardly laterally of the revolver frame, thereby automatically ejecting the first cylinder from the revolver frame. Thereafter, a second fully-loaded cylinder 20 may be quickly and easily "snapped" into the revolver frame. This is accomplished by aligning the guide channels 39 and 40, respectively, and pressing the second cylinder inwardly until the stops 3 and 5 are depressed. The tapered end 28 (of the cylinder shaft 22) and the tapered centering pin 35 are seated in tapered bores 29 and 49, respectively, to seat the second cylinder within the revolver frame in its operational position, such that the revolver is again ready for firing. After the second cylinder 20 has discharged its full complement of cartridges, a third cylinder may be employed if desired. Thus, a series of preloaded cylinders may be carried on a utility belt, for example, and snapped into the revolver frame (as needed) to provide for quick and efficient reloading.
  • Obviously, many modifications may be made without departing from the basic spirit of the present invention. Accordingly, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced other than has been specifically described herein.

Claims (9)

1. A revolver (R) including a frame (F) having a first removable cylinder (20) therein, wherein the cylinder is adapted to be replaced with a second fully-loaded interchangeable cylinder(20): characterized by a retention means (28, 29, 35, 49) cooperating between the cylinder and the frame for maintaining the cylinder within the frame, the retention means having an engaged and a disengaged position, first resilient means (38) for biasing the retention means in its engaged position, thereby maintaining the cylinder in the frame, manually-operable release means (6-9) opposing the first resilient means for moving the retention means into its disengaged position, second resilient means (4, 4a) for automatically ejecting the cylinder completely from the revolver frame when the retention means is in its disengaged position, and means (39-40) in the revolver frame for guiding the second cylinder within the frame, whereby the second cylinder may be seated within the frame against the force of the second resilient means, and whereby the retention means is again in its engaged position for maintaining the second cylinder in its operational position in the frame, thereby facilitating a quick and easy reloading of the revolver.
2. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the retention means comprises the cylinder having a central bore (23) formed therein, a shaft (22) loosely received within the bore, whereby the cylinder may rotate freely on the shaft, means (24-26) between the shaft and the cylinder for allowing the shaft to have a limited movement axially of the cylinder, the shaft having a tapered rear end (28), the revolver frame having a rear complementary-tapered pilot bore (29) for receiving the tapered rear end of the shaft, the revolver frame further having a forward closed cavity (37) formed therein, a tapered centering pin (35) within the cavity and urged rearwardly of the frame by the first resilient means (38), the cylinder having a forward end face provided with a tapered counterbore (49) for receiving the tapered centering pin in the engaged position of the retention means.
3. The improvement of the claim 2, wherein the means betweeen the shaft and cylinder for allowing the shaft to have a limited movement axially of the cylinder, comprises the cylinder having a closed radially-expanded portion of the bore (24) intermediately the ends of the cylinder, the shaft having a shoulder (26) formed thereon within the expanded position of the bore, and a spring (25) seated within the expanded portion of the bore and bearing against the shoulder, thereby urging the shaft rearwardly of the cylinder.
4. The improvement of claim 2, wherein the first resilient means comprises a coil spring (38) within the forward closed cavity in the revolver frame and bearing against the tapered centering pin.
5. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the release means comprises an ejection shaft (6) carried by the revolver frame and having a limited longitudinal movement therein, the ejection shaft being substantially aligned with the shaft (22) on the cylinder when the cylinder is installed in its operative position in the revolver frame, a pivot shaft (8) mounted in the revolver frame transversely of the ejection pin, an actuation lever (7) carried on the inner end of the pivot shaft and bearing against the rear portion of the ejection shaft, and an external ejection lever (9) carried on the outer end of the shaft, whereby forward movement of the ejection lever pivots the pivot shaft through an angle, and whereby the actuation lever pushes the ejection shaft forwardly in the revolver frame to displace the cylinder shaft and centering pin forwardly in the revolver frame, thereby releasing the retention means and automatically ejecting the first cylinder from the revolver.
6. The improvement of claim 2, wherein the cylinder has forward and rear end faces having respective reduced-diamenter collars (30,33) formed thereon, and wherein respective bearings (27,34) are carried by the collars.
7. The improvement of claim 6, wherein the means in the revolver frame for guiding the cylinder within the frame includes forward and rearward guide channels (40,39) formed in the revolver frame, and wherein the respective bearings (27,34) carried by the collars on the cylinder are guided within the respective guide channels. !
8. The improvement of claim 7, wherein the forward guide channel has an opening, and wherein an actuation ramp (45) protrudes through the opening in the forward guide channel, the actuation ramp being connected to the tapered centering pin (35) for movement in unison.
9. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the second resilient means for automatically ejecting the first cylinder comprises respective spring-loaded stops (5,3) carried by the revolver frame and contoured to engage the respective bearings (27,34) on the cylinder when the cylinder is seated in its operational position within the revolver frame, and respective springs (4,4a) carried by the revolver frame and constantly ; urging the stops in a direction laterally of the revolver frame.
EP84109959A 1983-08-23 1984-08-21 Snap in cylinders for revolvers Withdrawn EP0149712A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US52567383A true 1983-08-23 1983-08-23
US525673 1983-08-23

Publications (2)

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EP0149712A2 true EP0149712A2 (en) 1985-07-31
EP0149712A3 EP0149712A3 (en) 1986-12-10

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EP84109959A Withdrawn EP0149712A3 (en) 1983-08-23 1984-08-21 Snap in cylinders for revolvers

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EP (1) EP0149712A3 (en)
BR (1) BR8404177A (en)
ES (1) ES8606633A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0905469A1 (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-03-31 Humbert CTTS Handgun for a neutralising projectile
US7654529B2 (en) 2005-05-17 2010-02-02 Scientific Games International, Inc. Combination scratch ticket and on-line game ticket
US7662038B2 (en) 2005-01-07 2010-02-16 Scientific Games International, Inc. Multi-matrix lottery
US7699314B2 (en) 2005-01-07 2010-04-20 Scientific Games International, Inc. Lottery game utilizing nostalgic game themes
US7726652B2 (en) 2004-10-28 2010-06-01 Scientific Games International, Inc. Lottery game played on a geometric figure using indicia with variable point values
US7824257B2 (en) 2005-01-11 2010-11-02 Scientific Games International, Inc. On-line lottery game in which supplemental lottery-selected indicia are available for purchase
US7837117B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-11-23 Scientific Games International, Inc. Embedded optical signatures in documents
US7874902B2 (en) 2005-03-23 2011-01-25 Scientific Games International. Inc. Computer-implemented simulated card game
US8033905B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2011-10-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Preprinted lottery tickets using a player activated electronic validation machine
US8262453B2 (en) 2005-02-09 2012-09-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Combination lottery and raffle game
US8460081B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2013-06-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Grid-based multi-lottery game and associated method
US8808080B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2014-08-19 Scientific Games International, Inc. Grid-based lottery game and associated method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1236608A (en) * 1917-03-20 1917-08-14 Reginald F Sedgley Revolver.
US3093922A (en) * 1961-04-24 1963-06-18 Jessie T Ivy Revolver cylinder and mounting therefor
US3387399A (en) * 1966-04-25 1968-06-11 Douglas S. Mcclenahan Revolver latch mechanism
US3711982A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-01-23 Colt Ind Operating Corp Revolver having removable cylinder
DE2405932A1 (en) * 1974-02-08 1975-08-21 Melcher Sportwaffen Small firearm espec starting and signalling revolver - has detachable drum shaped magazine for actual drum

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1236608A (en) * 1917-03-20 1917-08-14 Reginald F Sedgley Revolver.
US3093922A (en) * 1961-04-24 1963-06-18 Jessie T Ivy Revolver cylinder and mounting therefor
US3387399A (en) * 1966-04-25 1968-06-11 Douglas S. Mcclenahan Revolver latch mechanism
US3711982A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-01-23 Colt Ind Operating Corp Revolver having removable cylinder
DE2405932A1 (en) * 1974-02-08 1975-08-21 Melcher Sportwaffen Small firearm espec starting and signalling revolver - has detachable drum shaped magazine for actual drum

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0905469A1 (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-03-31 Humbert CTTS Handgun for a neutralising projectile
US8177136B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2012-05-15 Scientific Games International, Inc. Embedded optical signatures in documents
US7837117B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-11-23 Scientific Games International, Inc. Embedded optical signatures in documents
US7726652B2 (en) 2004-10-28 2010-06-01 Scientific Games International, Inc. Lottery game played on a geometric figure using indicia with variable point values
US8109513B2 (en) 2004-10-28 2012-02-07 Scientific Games International, Inc. Lottery game played on a geometric figure using indicia with variable point values
US7699314B2 (en) 2005-01-07 2010-04-20 Scientific Games International, Inc. Lottery game utilizing nostalgic game themes
US7662038B2 (en) 2005-01-07 2010-02-16 Scientific Games International, Inc. Multi-matrix lottery
US8056900B2 (en) 2005-01-07 2011-11-15 Scientific Games International, Inc. Grid-based lottery game and associated system
US7824257B2 (en) 2005-01-11 2010-11-02 Scientific Games International, Inc. On-line lottery game in which supplemental lottery-selected indicia are available for purchase
US8262453B2 (en) 2005-02-09 2012-09-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Combination lottery and raffle game
US7874902B2 (en) 2005-03-23 2011-01-25 Scientific Games International. Inc. Computer-implemented simulated card game
US8033905B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2011-10-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Preprinted lottery tickets using a player activated electronic validation machine
US7654529B2 (en) 2005-05-17 2010-02-02 Scientific Games International, Inc. Combination scratch ticket and on-line game ticket
US8308162B2 (en) 2005-05-17 2012-11-13 Scientific Games International, Inc. Combination scratch ticket and on-line game ticket
US8460081B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2013-06-11 Scientific Games International, Inc. Grid-based multi-lottery game and associated method
US8808080B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2014-08-19 Scientific Games International, Inc. Grid-based lottery game and associated method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0149712A3 (en) 1986-12-10
ES8606633A1 (en) 1986-04-16
BR8404177A (en) 1985-07-23
ES535367D0 (en)
ES535367A0 (en) 1986-04-16

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