DE202014104316U1 - Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance - Google Patents

Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance

Info

Publication number
DE202014104316U1
DE202014104316U1 DE201420104316 DE202014104316U DE202014104316U1 DE 202014104316 U1 DE202014104316 U1 DE 202014104316U1 DE 201420104316 DE201420104316 DE 201420104316 DE 202014104316 U DE202014104316 U DE 202014104316U DE 202014104316 U1 DE202014104316 U1 DE 202014104316U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
reaction vessel
measuring
according
substance
f4
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
DE201420104316
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE202014104316U8 (en
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Analytik Jena AG
Original Assignee
Analytik Jena AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Analytik Jena AG filed Critical Analytik Jena AG
Priority to DE201420104316 priority Critical patent/DE202014104316U1/en
Publication of DE202014104316U1 publication Critical patent/DE202014104316U1/en
Priority claimed from US14/852,258 external-priority patent/US20160103061A1/en
Publication of DE202014104316U8 publication Critical patent/DE202014104316U8/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • B01L3/5082Test tubes per se
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/06Auxiliary integrated devices, integrated components
    • B01L2300/0627Sensor or part of a sensor is integrated
    • B01L2300/0654Lenses; Optical fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/08Geometry, shape and general structure
    • B01L2300/0848Specific forms of parts of containers
    • B01L2300/0851Bottom walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2300/00Additional constructional details
    • B01L2300/08Geometry, shape and general structure
    • B01L2300/0848Specific forms of parts of containers
    • B01L2300/0858Side walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/50Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes
    • B01L3/508Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above
    • B01L3/5085Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above for multiple samples, e.g. microtitration plates
    • B01L3/50855Containers for the purpose of retaining a material to be analysed, e.g. test tubes rigid containers not provided for above for multiple samples, e.g. microtitration plates using modular assemblies of strips or of individual wells
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • G01N2021/0378Shapes
    • G01N2021/0382Frustoconical, tapered cell
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N21/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of optical means, i.e. using infra-red, visible or ultra-violet light
    • G01N21/01Arrangements or apparatus for facilitating the optical investigation
    • G01N21/03Cuvette constructions
    • G01N2021/0389Windows
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N2201/00Features of devices classified in G01N21/00
    • G01N2201/06Illumination; Optics
    • G01N2201/066Modifiable path; multiple paths in one sample
    • G01N2201/0668Multiple paths; optimisable path length

Abstract

Reaction vessel (1) for analyzing a substance,
- comprising a storage chamber (2) with a circular cross section and
At least one measuring chamber (3),
- wherein the storage chamber (2) and the measuring chamber (3) in a transition region (UB) connected to each other and are provided for receiving the substance,
- wherein the measuring chamber (3) comprises a plurality of measuring windows (F1, F2, F3, F4; F5, F6, F7, F8),
Wherein a distance (A1, A2, A3, A4) between the pair of measurement windows (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8) different from a distance (A2, A3, A4, A1) between the measurement windows associated with the remaining pairs (F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F1, F2).

Description

  • The invention relates to a reaction vessel for the analysis of a substance.
  • The invention further relates to a reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance comprising a plurality of interconnected reaction vessels.
  • Examination methods in analytics, in particular bioanalysis, are generally known from the state of the art, in which an optical measurement of reagent solutions, sample solution or mixtures of these located in reaction vessels is carried out to control intermediate results or to record a final result. Among other things, absorption and fluorescence effects are recorded and evaluated by means of these optical measurements. To carry out the examination methods, the reagent solutions, sample solutions or mixtures of these are manipulated in the reaction vessels. Depending on the application, there are different types of reaction vessels which, in general, especially in bioanalytics, are designed for a single use per examination procedure. Processing of a large number of test samples is generally automated, with the reaction vessels being designed accordingly for this purpose. Also, often a temporary storage of the intermediate or final results or solutions of these, whereby the reaction vessels are also designed accordingly.
  • Much of the optical measurements in liquids are performed in cuvettes, which are designed as so-called standard cuvettes or cuvettes with special shapes and optical layer thicknesses for the liquids to be examined. Standard cuvettes are usually characterized by a layer thickness of 10 mm and each have two pairs of plane-parallel side walls. In the present case, the layer thickness is understood to be a distance between inner sides of the side walls of a pair, which are arranged plane-parallel to one another.
  • Such a cuvette for a small volume optical analysis describes the WO 2008/2008128534 A1 , The cuvette is formed from a structured carrier substrate and a channel, wherein the carrier substrate is planar and optically permeable and the channel has two measuring chambers with different channel depths. One side of the carrier substrate is closed with a thin, optically transparent film, which has two fluidic interfaces, which are fluid-conductively connected to the channel. The remaining other side of the carrier substrate is also closed with a thin, optically transparent film.
  • Furthermore, the disclosure DE 198 26 470 A1 a cuvette for measuring an absorption of radiation in liquid samples, which is formed in the region of windows made of a permeable plastic. The cuvette comprises an inner space which is formed in a box-shaped upper part with an upper opening for filling and removing sample liquid and in a smaller box-shaped lower part for the measuring volume which adjoins via a transition. Furthermore, the cuvette comprises two pairs of opposing, plane-parallel windows in the lower part, the spacing of the windows of one pair being different from the spacing of the windows of the other pair, in order to provide different layer thicknesses of the sample liquid for the measurement. Further provided are four feet aligned in the corners of the top which extend away from the top to the level of a bottom of the base.
  • The US 4,263,256 describes cuvettes for use in a device for automatic testing of liquid samples. The cuvettes are arranged in a continuous integral strip, wherein the strip between flexible cuvettes is flexible, so that a relative angular movement of adjacent cuvettes in a horizontal and vertical plane is possible. The cuvettes have a rectangular cross section.
  • Another arrangement of several cuvettes in such a strip describes the US 5,048,957 , In this case, the cuvettes have a circular cross-section.
  • From the DE 196 52 784 A1 is a cuvette for receiving, transporting and storing liquids and performing optical measurements in an analyzer known. The cuvette is formed of a translucent plastic for irradiation and measurement of light and has a shape that ensures the storage of liquid during the reaction. On its underside, a device for receiving the required liquid volumes and on its upper side a connecting cone for receiving an alternating tip device is formed.
  • The DE 695 19 783 T2 describes a method for tracking a formation of a nucleic acid amplification reaction product in real time. Here, in a first process step, a closed reaction chamber is provided, which contains a reaction mixture. The reaction mixture comprises a nucleic acid molecule and a first fluorescence indicator for each nucleic acid molecule, wherein the first fluorescence indicator emits a first fluorescence signal when it is irradiated by electromagnetic excitation radiation. An intensity of the first signal is proportional to the amount of the amplification product in the volume of the reaction mixture, which is irradiated with the electromagnetic excitation radiation. The first signal is spectrally resolvable, wherein the closed reaction chamber comprises a wall portion for the optical transmission and a cavity between the wall portion and a surface of the reaction mixture. Furthermore, in a second method step, an amplification of the nucleic acid molecule is carried out. In a repetitive third process step, a beam of electromagnetic exciter radiation is directed into the reaction mixture and the intensity of the first signal is detected, the beam and the detected signal being transmitted via the wall part. The reaction mixture additionally comprises a second fluororescence indicator which is homogeneously distributed throughout the reaction mixture and emits a second fluorescence signal when it is irradiated with electromagnetic excitation radiation. An intensity of the second signal is proportional to the volume of the reaction mixture which is irradiated with the beam of electromagnetic excitation radiation, wherein the second signal is spectrally resolvable with respect to the first signal and the beam is focused into the reaction mixture. In the third method step, the intensity of the second signal is detected and the ratio of the intensity of the first signal and the second signal is calculated, the ratio being proportional to the amount of amplified product.
  • Furthermore, from the DE 32 46 592 C2 a cuvette for mixing and optical inspections of liquids with a small receiving volume and high filling height in the range of a measuring range with opposite parallel narrow wall sections at least for the input of a radiation and disposed therebetween side walls. In cross-section, perpendicular to the central axis of the cuvette, a transition between the parallel narrow wall sections and the side walls is arcuate. The side walls have an arcuate curvature in the measuring range. This curvature is drawn so far in relation to the arcuate transitions that in cross section a middle tangent cuts the wall sections respectively at the edge of their plane-parallel area or so far inside that even with doppelkegligem measuring light tangential approximation of the curvature of a constriction of the measuring light he follows.
  • The invention is based on the object to provide a comparison with the prior art improved reaction vessel for the analysis of a substance and an improved reaction vessel arrangement for the analysis of a substance.
  • With regard to the reaction vessel, the object is achieved by the features specified in claim 1 and in terms of the reaction vessel arrangement by the features specified in claim 11.
  • Advantageous embodiments of the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.
  • The reaction vessel according to the invention for analyzing a substance comprises a storage chamber with a circular cross-section and at least one measuring chamber, wherein the storage chamber and the measuring chamber are interconnected in a transition area and provided for receiving the substance, wherein the measuring chamber a plurality, in the axial direction of the reaction vessel and / or Pairs of two mutually opposite, plane-parallel and formed of a translucent material measuring windows arranged transversely to this axial direction, wherein a distance between the measuring windows belonging to a pair is different to a distance between the measuring windows belonging to the remaining pairs.
  • In the present case, the analysis means all process steps for processing the substance, for example a thorough mixing, centrifuging method, adding further substances and optical, chemical and mechanical methods for examining the substance.
  • The measuring chamber is understood to be a space in which a defined volume of the substance can be received. The measuring chamber can be closed at a side facing away from the transition region with a bottom element. Alternatively, the measuring chamber is designed to be unlocked on this side, wherein the substance flows through the measuring chamber for the purpose of analysis or is held within the measuring chamber, for example, by means of a negative pressure generated by means of a liquid column of the substance.
  • The reaction vessel according to the invention makes it possible in a particularly advantageous manner to carry out the analysis of the substance to be analyzed economically, in particular a liquid or a gas, since both a processing, ie manipulation of the substance, and an optical measurement process, for which at least two to achieve reliable results plane-parallel measuring windows are required to be carried out in one and the same vessel. In this case, in the course of the detection method effectively without or at least with little additional effort, the optical Measuring method feasible. No elaborate transfer of the substance to be analyzed between the individual analysis steps and the optical measurement method is required.
  • In contrast, known from the prior art reaction container with exclusively circular cross-section characterized by the fact that this can indeed be used for processing the substance to be analyzed, but not for precise optical examination of the same, since the circular shape means that at no greater than infinitely small point of the reaction vessel, two vessel walls are parallel opposite. An embodiment of a measuring window with a layer thickness defined with a lateral extent of greater than infinitely small is therefore not given in the case of such prior art reaction vessels, so that the prerequisite for a precise optical measurement of the contents in the vessels through their vessel wall does not exist is available.
  • On the other hand, the measuring chambers designed according to the invention, which emerge in particular from a circular shape of the vessel wall curved with a changing radius in a transition region of the storage chamber, form a limited but larger than infinitely small region of the reaction vessel in which the opposite vessel walls are parallel and the measuring windows form. These parallel measuring windows allow a precise optical measurement of the substance to be analyzed.
  • Due to the connection between the storage chamber and the measuring chamber in the transition region, the contents of the reaction vessel is located both in the storage chamber and simultaneously in the measuring chamber. Thus, substances such as liquids or gases, respectively, are filled into the reaction vessel and it is thus simultaneously filling the measuring chamber. When emptying the reaction vessel, the same applies.
  • Furthermore, deviating layer thicknesses of 10 mm, which are determined by the spacing of the plane-parallel measuring windows, can be realized. Also, due to the design of the reaction vessel according to the invention, easy handling thereof is possible in an automated analytical method of the substance to be analyzed, the reaction vessel allowing manual or automatic processing, storage and visual examination of the substance under optimal conditions.
  • Furthermore, the formation according to the invention surprisingly results in comparison with the prior art in which it is assumed that an exclusively round cross section and an exclusively angular cross section of the reaction vessel are disadvantageous for the mixing of the substance to be analyzed, due to the different cross sections of the stock and measuring chamber and the measuring windows formed therein a particularly good mixing.
  • In this case, the circular cross-section compared to a polygonal cross-section easy accessibility, arrangement, alignment and positioning in an apparatus for automated analysis, a simpler closeability with a lid member and a lower material and cost in the production of the reaction vessel at a constant or higher capacity to analyzing substance as well as constant or higher mechanical stability.
  • From the design that the measuring chamber has several pairs of two mutually opposite and plane-parallel measuring windows, results in a particularly advantageous manner that simultaneously or successively different optical measuring methods are feasible. Because a distance between the measuring windows belonging to a pair is different from a distance between the measuring windows belonging to the remaining pairs, different layer thicknesses can be realized by means of the measuring chamber of the one reaction vessel, which in turn make it possible to carry out different optical measuring methods by means of one and the same reaction vessel , In this case, the arrangement of the pairs of measuring windows following one another in the axial direction of the reaction vessel and / or transversely to this axial direction and a resulting parallel progression of optical axes of the measuring windows of different pairs makes it possible in a particularly advantageous manner for only a relative linear movement of the measuring chamber to form an analysis unit in the axial direction or transverse to this is required. In this case, a movement of the reaction vessel and / or the analysis unit is possible. In contrast to non-linear, in particular circular, movements, this linear movement can be carried out with significantly reduced complexity and with very high accuracy. In particular, after the relative movement no reorientation of the reaction vessel in terms of its circumference is required, resulting in addition to the maintenance of accuracy and a significant time savings in the implementation of the analysis.
  • In a particularly advantageous embodiment, it is by means of the reaction vessel, at in which the measuring windows are arranged in particular exclusively in two planes arranged parallel to one another, it is also possible simultaneously to detect different layer thicknesses simultaneously by means of a correspondingly formed analysis unit in a single optical measuring operation through a plurality of measuring window pairs and to analyze the substance in the different layer thicknesses.
  • The reaction vessel is designed, for example, as a cuvette. Also training as a so-called flow cell is possible. In this case, an analysis of the substance during a flow within the measuring chamber is possible. Alternatively, the flow can also be stopped at least temporarily, so that the analysis of the substance is possible even when the substance is not flowing within the measuring chamber.
  • In an alternative embodiment, the reaction vessel is designed as a pipette, wherein the measuring chamber is open at the side facing away from the transition region. For an analysis of the substance, this is kept in particular by the negative pressure generated by means of the liquid column of the substance within the measuring chamber. Thus, the analysis of the substance in a particularly advantageous manner directly without a transfer in the pipette in different layer thicknesses feasible.
  • In a further development, the storage chamber at an upper end of a circular opening which is bounded on the edge side by a lateral surface of the storage chamber, wherein in the region of the opening, a lateral surface and the outside completely circumferential and substantially perpendicular to the lateral surface extending web is formed. The opening arranged at the top allows in a particularly advantageous manner a simple manual or automated filling of the reaction vessel. The circumferential web serves on the one hand to stabilize the storage chamber and on the other hand in a particularly advantageous manner for secure locking and positioning of the reaction container in a carrier device, for example in a device for automated analysis of the substance.
  • In order to enable a simple and secure introduction of the reaction container into a corresponding opening of such a support device, the radius of the circular cross section of the storage chamber decreases according to a possible development of an upper end to a lower end of the storage chamber.
  • In a further possible embodiment, wall regions of the measuring chamber have a curved cross section between the measuring windows belonging to a pair. In particular, this reduces the radius of the storage chamber in the transition region and retains in the sections in which the measuring windows are not formed, a cross-section, which corresponds for example to a circular section or parabolic. The curved shape of the cross section allows in a particularly advantageous manner, a further simplification of the introduction of the reaction vessel in the corresponding opening of the carrier device.
  • In order to further enable a defined angular orientation of the reaction container in the corresponding opening of the support device and thus an optimal alignment of the reaction vessel in the optical examination, according to a possible embodiment on an outer side of the storage chamber at least one substantially perpendicular to a circular upper opening of the Storage chamber extending web element is formed, which in particular in a corresponding recess in a the opening of the carrier device limiting wall can be arranged.
  • In order to realize a further improved positioning and locking of the reaction vessel in the carrier device, in one possible embodiment on one outer side at a lower end of the reaction vessel, at least one web-shaped arresting element arranged substantially perpendicular to a bottom element formed at the lower end is formed, which in turn is in such can be brought into mechanical contact with a corresponding structure formed on the support device, that the reaction vessel is securely held in the lower region.
  • Another aspect to consider is the available volume of the substance for the measurement. In many applications, only a small volume of substance is available. The necessary measuring volume must therefore be reduced as far as possible when filling a measuring chamber. Measurements with both small and higher volumes should be possible in the same way, without having to separate a small volume due to a limited measuring chamber. For this reason, according to a further embodiment, a volume of the storage chamber is at least 10 times greater than a volume of the measuring chamber. In addition, a simple handling of the substance in the reaction vessel is ensured even with very small volumes for the optical measurement.
  • In one possible embodiment, the entire reaction vessel is formed in one piece from a material with high transparency, for example a plastic or glass. In the plastic is, for example, a technical polymer, which in particular from the group of so-called cyclo-olefin copolymers, also referred to as "COC", comes.
  • In a further development of the reaction vessel, only parts of the reaction vessel are formed from the transparent material. For example, only the measuring chamber or only the measuring windows of the measuring chamber are formed of the transparent material. Outside the measuring chamber or the measuring window, the reaction vessel is formed, for example, from a material which is unfavorable for an optical measurement but advantageous for use of the reaction vessel. In one possible embodiment, the reaction vessel is formed at the upper opening of the storage chamber of a mechanically flexible material, so that a fluid-tight closure of the opening by means of a lid or a fluid-tight connection with other objects can be realized easily and reliably. The mechanically flexible material is, for example, polypropylene, polystyrene or a thermoplastic polymer. A preparation of the reaction vessel can be carried out, for example, in an injection molding process in which the entire reaction vessel is injected from the different materials. In this case, it is possible that the injection process of the different sections of the reaction vessel with the different materials takes place in a common injection mold or precast parts are inserted into the injection mold, to which other materials are injected to produce a fluid-tight connection between the sections.
  • In a possible development, it is also possible to produce the reaction vessel from plastics and non-plastics. Thus, properties of each section of the reaction vessel can be easily adapted to functions of the section.
  • The reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention for the analysis of a substance comprises a plurality of reaction vessels according to the invention connected together or possible embodiments or developments thereof. The reaction vessel assembly thus formed combines all the advantages of the reaction vessel already described and is thus characterized in particular by advantages in handling, in use in automated analysis methods and in the storage of the substance associated with the property of the feasibility of manual or automatic optical measurements under optimal conditions. In this case, the reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention of a vast number of machines but also of manual equipment in laboratories can be operated and for the optical analysis of the substance, for example by means of photoluminescence or chemiluminescence suitable. The reaction vessels of the reaction vessel arrangement are also suitable for wide use as an optical measuring cuvette, above all for absorption measurements, since they are distinguished by a solid, precisely defined layer thickness. There is a favorable ratio between filling volume and measuring volume of the substance.
  • In one possible development, the reaction vessels are arranged in a linear or arcuate manner next to one another in such a way that normal directions of the circular openings formed at the upper end of the storage chambers each extend parallel to one another. Thus, a simple filling of these with the substance to be analyzed and a simple handling and arrangement of the reaction vessel arrangement in the device provided for analysis can be realized.
  • In order to enable a simple and efficiently feasible closability of the individual of the reaction vessels, according to a possible development of each reaction vessel by means of a mechanically flexible connecting element, a lid member for closing an opening of the reaction vessel is arranged or on one or more of the reaction vessels by means of a mechanically flexible connecting element arranged a composite of a plurality of cover elements, wherein a distance between the cover elements located in the composite corresponds to a distance of the reaction vessels in the region of the opening to be closed.
  • In a method for analyzing a substance present within a reaction vessel according to the invention or possible embodiments or developments thereof, the substance is processed within the same reaction vessel and examined optically. Thus, no complex transfer of the substance to be analyzed between the individual analysis steps and the optical measurement method is required, resulting in addition to avoiding loss of substance due to a fate of residues in a reaction vessel at the same time a significant reduction in time when performing the analysis of the substance. In this case, the method can be carried out very precisely and with particularly little effort, in particular due to the arrangement of the pairs of measuring windows following one another in the axial direction of the reaction vessel, since only a relative linear movement of the measuring chamber to an analysis unit in the axial direction is required.
  • Embodiments of the invention are explained in more detail below with reference to drawings.
  • Showing:
  • 1 FIG. 2 shows schematically a first side view of a first embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention, FIG.
  • 2 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 1 .
  • 3 schematically a plan view of a bottom element of the reaction vessel according to 1 .
  • 4 1 is a schematic perspective view of a detail of a second embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention,
  • 5 schematically a first side view of the reaction vessel according to 4 .
  • 6 schematically a perspective view of a sectional view of the reaction vessel according to 4 .
  • 7 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 4 .
  • 8th 1 is a schematic perspective view of a section of a third embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention;
  • 9 schematically a first side view of the reaction vessel according to 8th .
  • 10 schematically a perspective view of a sectional view of the reaction vessel according to 8th .
  • 11 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 8th .
  • 12 1 is a schematic perspective view of a section of a fourth embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention,
  • 13 schematically a first side view of the reaction vessel according to 12 .
  • 14 schematically a perspective view of a sectional view of the reaction vessel according to 12 .
  • 15 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 12 .
  • 16 1 is a schematic perspective view of a section of a fifth embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention,
  • 17 schematically a first side view of the reaction vessel according to 16 .
  • 18 schematically a perspective view of a sectional view of the reaction vessel according to 16 .
  • 19 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 16 .
  • 20 1 is a schematic perspective view of a sixth embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention;
  • 21 schematically a first side view of the reaction vessel according to 20 .
  • 22 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 20 .
  • 23 schematically a plan view of a bottom element of the reaction vessel according to 20 .
  • 24 1 is a schematic perspective view of a seventh embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention;
  • 25 FIG. 2 shows schematically a first side view of an eighth embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention, FIG.
  • 26 schematically a second side view of the reaction vessel according to 25 .
  • 27 1 is a schematic side view of a first embodiment of a reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention;
  • 28 1 is a schematic side view of a second embodiment of a reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention;
  • 29 1 is a schematic plan view of a second embodiment of a reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention;
  • 30 schematically a plan view of a third embodiment of a reaction vessel assembly according to the invention, and
  • 31 schematically a side view of a ninth embodiment of a trained as a pipette tip reaction vessel according to the invention.
  • Corresponding parts are provided in all figures with the same reference numerals.
  • In the 1 to 3 is in various views a possible first embodiment of a reaction vessel according to the invention 1 for analyzing a substance, not shown, in particular a liquid or a gas. Such analyzes are carried out, for example, in the examination of nucleic acids, ie in so-called DNA studies, for which purpose the nucleic acid is first extracted from the substance and then optically measured by means of an optical measuring method, for example a spectroscopic method.
  • The reaction vessel 1 is formed in the illustrated embodiment as a cuvette and includes a storage chamber 2 and a measuring chamber 3 , wherein the pantry 2 and the measuring chamber 3 are interconnected in a transition region UB and provided for receiving the substance. The reaction vessel 1 is formed of a transparent material, in particular a transparent plastic, and is produced, for example, in an injection molding process. The plastic is for example a technical polymer, which in particular from the group of so-called cyclo-olefin copolymers, also referred to as "COC", comes.
  • In non-illustrated embodiments, it is provided that only parts of the reaction vessel 1 are formed from the transparent material. For example, only the measuring chamber is 3 or it is only measuring windows F1 to F4 of the measuring chamber 3 formed from the transparent material. Outside the measuring chamber 3 or the measurement window F1 to F4 is the reaction vessel 1 for example, from an unfavorable for an optical measurement, but for a use of the reaction vessel 1 formed advantageous material. In one possible embodiment, the reaction vessel 1 at an upper opening O of the storage chamber 2 formed of a mechanically flexible material, so that a closure of the opening O by means of a in the 29 and 30 shown lids 14 fluid-tight and easy to implement feasible. The mechanically flexible material is, for example, polypropylene, polystyrene or a thermoplastic polymer.
  • In this case, the pantry 2 a circular cross-section at an upper end of a circular opening O, which at the edge of a lateral surface of the storage chamber 2 is limited. In the area of the opening O, the web is an end surface that is completely circumferential on the outside and runs essentially perpendicular to the lateral surface 4 designed, which in particular for locking and positioning of the reaction vessel 1 in a device, not shown, for automatic and / or manual analysis of the substance.
  • Furthermore, on an outer side of the storage chamber 2 two opposing and substantially perpendicular to the circular upper opening O extending web elements 5 . 6 , which for locking the reaction vessel 1 are provided in a not shown corresponding recess in a wall defining an opening of the device.
  • For easy positioning of the reaction vessel 1 to allow in such a device, the radius of the circular cross-section of the storage chamber decreases 2 from its upper end to a lower end of the pantry 2 ,
  • In the transition region UB, the radius decreases further and the cross-section gradually changes from the circular shape into a rectangular shape, so that the measuring chamber 3 with two in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 successively arranged pairs of two mutually opposite and plane-parallel measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4 forms, wherein the measurement windows F1, F2; F3, F4 are arranged exclusively in two plane-parallel planes. In this case, a distance A1 between the pair of measurement windows F1, F2 belonging to a pair; F3, F4 different from a distance A2 between the measurement windows F1, F2 belonging to the remaining pair; F3, F4, wherein the distance A1 at two opposite lateral surfaces in a transition region gradually decreases to the distance A2. For example, the distances A1, A2 differ by 1 mm. Thus, different layer thicknesses can be achieved in the analysis of the substance.
  • Thus, in the area of the measuring chamber 3 optical investigations of the substance, in particular measurements of the substance in spectroscopic methods possible. For this purpose, the plastic of the reaction vessel 1 in particular high transparency in the visible, infrared but also in the ultraviolet wavelength range of in particular 200 nm to 300 nm. The optical measurement of the substance with light in the ultraviolet wavelength range takes place in particular in purity measurements.
  • Among other things, absorption and fluorescence effects of the respective substance are recorded and evaluated by means of these optical measurements. Due to the vertical arrangement of belonging to different pairs measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4 is in a particularly advantageous manner possible, light generated by the fluorescence at a arranged at an angle of 90 ° to the irradiated light measuring window F1, F2; F3, F4 and thus to minimize the influence of the incident light and consequent glare during the measurement.
  • A volume of the pantry 2 is at least 10 times larger than a volume of the measuring chamber 3 , For example, the pantry 2 a volume of more than 100 .mu.l, for example 200 .mu.l to 2000 .mu.l on. Thus, it is possible to use the measuring chamber volume with small in the reaction vessel 1 filled volume is already filled and regardless of the total filling in the reaction vessel 1 An optical measurement of the substance can always be achieved under the same conditions.
  • The reaction vessel 1 allows in a particularly advantageous manner, the implementation of a method for analyzing a within a reaction vessel 1 substance, for analysis within the reaction vessel 1 substance located within the same reaction vessel 1 edited and visually examined. This means in the example in the examination of nucleic acids, that first the nucleic acid in a corresponding one of the in the reaction vessel 1 substance is extracted and then optically measured in the same reaction vessel by means of the spectroscopic method.
  • In the 4 to 7 is in different views, a second embodiment of the reaction vessel according to the invention 1 represented, in contrast to that in the 1 to 3 shown in the transition region UB the radius further reduced and the cross section substantially retains the circular shape. Only in the region of the two in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 successively arranged pairs of two mutually opposite and plane-parallel measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4, the cross-section is flattened, so that the measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4 are arranged plane-parallel to each other. Thus have wall portions of the measuring chambers 3 between the measuring windows F1, F2 belonging to a pair; F3, F4 has a curved cross-section.
  • The 8th to 19 show in different views a third, fourth and fifth embodiment of the reaction vessel according to the invention 1 which differ in the course of the wall regions of the reaction vessel 1 Transition area UB differ from the first embodiment.
  • The 20 to 23 show in various views a possible sixth embodiment of the reaction vessel according to the invention 1 , Unlike in the 1 to 3 illustrated first embodiment, are on an outer side at a lower end of the reaction vessel four substantially perpendicular to a bottom element formed at the bottom element arranged web-shaped locking elements 7 to 10 formed, which for fixing, adjustment and locking of the reaction vessel 1 serve in the apparatus for performing the analysis.
  • The locking elements 7 to 10 include a cross-shaped structure, which has been found to be particularly advantageous in the lock.
  • The locking elements 7 to 10 are also on all other imaginable, under the subject invention and not covered by the subject invention reaction vessels 1 in the region of a bottom element for locking the respective reaction vessel 1 can be arranged in a device.
  • For all illustrated embodiments of the reaction vessel 1 holds that the measuring chamber 3 Deviating from the representation at the bottom area alternatively also in the jacket area of the reaction vessel 1 can be trained. Also, in a manner not shown several measuring chambers 3 be formed on the bottom portion and / or in the cladding region.
  • In 24 is a possible seventh embodiment of the reaction vessel according to the invention 1 shown. By means of the illustrated embodiment is to be clarified that the number of pairs of measuring windows F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6 is arbitrary, but is more than one pair. In the illustrated embodiment, the measuring chamber comprises three pairs of measuring windows F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, wherein between the respective measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4; F5, F6 of the pairs are formed different distances A1 to A3.
  • The 25 and 26 show a side view of a possible eighth embodiment of the reaction vessel 1 which differs from that in the 1 to 3 illustrated first embodiment differs in that in addition to the two in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 successively arranged pairs of two mutually opposite and plane-parallel measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4 transverse to the axial direction next to the measurement windows F1, F2; F3, F4 two more in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 consecutively arranged pairs of measuring windows F1, F2; F3, F4; F5, F6; F7, F8 are arranged. In this case, a distance A3 between the measuring windows F5, F6 belonging to a pair is different from a distance A4 between the measuring windows F7, F8 belonging to the remaining pair, wherein the distance A3 on two opposite lateral surfaces in a transitional area gradually approaches the distance A4 reduced.
  • Here, any arrangement and number of pairs of measurement windows F1, F2; F3, F4; F5, F6; F7, F8 with the proviso possible that in the pairs in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 and arranged transversely to this axial direction successively and exclusively in two plane-parallel planes.
  • Notwithstanding the illustrated embodiment, even with such an arrangement of the measurement window F1, F2; F3, F4; F5, F6; F7, F8 additional locking elements 7 to 10 be provided and the transition region UB, a course of the transitions between the measurement windows F1, F2; F3, F4; F5, F6; F7, F8 and the wall areas of the measuring chamber 3 between the measuring windows F1, F2 belonging to a pair; F3, F4; F5, F6, F7, F8 can be used as described in the 4 to 24 be formed illustrated embodiments.
  • In 27 is a possible first embodiment of a reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention 11 represented, wherein the reaction vessel arrangement 11 characterized in that these several together, by means of mechanically flexible web-shaped elements 12 connected reaction vessels 1 according to the in 1 to 3 comprises illustrated first embodiment. In further developments not shown are other embodiments of the reaction vessels 1 , for example, in the 4 to 25 shown, to such a reaction vessel arrangement 11 connectable.
  • In the illustrated embodiment, eight of the reaction vessels 1 linearly arranged side by side so that the normal directions of the at the upper end of the storage chambers 2 trained circular openings O each parallel to each other. That means, also the measuring chambers 3 the individual reaction vessels 1 are arranged parallel to each other. The number of lined reaction vessels 1 however, it can also be chosen arbitrarily. Due to this linear arrangement of the measuring chamber 3 and the measurement window F1 to F4 of the juxtaposed reaction vessels 1 is merely a linear movement of an analysis unit along the measuring chambers 3 required, wherein in a particularly advantageous manner at the same time the substance in several layer thicknesses due to the arrangement of the measuring windows F1 to F4 is optically analyzable.
  • This number of eight to the reaction vessel assembly 11 combined reaction vessels 1 is often used in practice, especially in automated systems for so-called "liquid handling", but also in manual analysis methods. Also, the number of twelve to a reaction vessel assembly 11 combined reaction vessels 1 is often used, so that this number represents a preferred one.
  • A distance of the reaction vessels 1 from a center of each opening O to a center O of an opening of an adjacent reaction vessel 1 is for example 9 mm.
  • The mechanically flexible and web-shaped elements 12 are in particular designed such that single or multiple reaction vessels 1 from the remaining reaction vessel arrangement 11 can be separated. For this purpose, in a manner not shown in the web-shaped elements 12 or between them and the respective reaction vessels 1 Predetermined breaking points should be provided.
  • In 28 is a possible second embodiment of a reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention 11 represented, wherein the second embodiment is characterized by in 15 illustrated first embodiment distinguished that this several together, by means of mechanically flexible web-shaped elements 12 connected reaction vessels 1 according to the in 20 to 23 illustrated sixth embodiment.
  • 29 shows a possible third embodiment of the reaction vessel assembly according to the invention 11 in a top view. Unlike the in 15 The first embodiment shown is on each reaction vessel 1 by means of a mechanically flexible, in particular tab-shaped, connecting element 13 a lid member 14 for closing the opening O of the reaction vessel 1 arranged. Thus, every reaction vessel is 1 the reaction vessel arrangement 11 separately by means of a cover element 14 closable. This closure is due to the circular design of the pantry 2 and consequently the opening O and the lid member 14 particularly easy and safe to carry out.
  • In 30 is a possible fourth embodiment of the reaction vessel arrangement according to the invention 11 shown in a plan view. Unlike the in 16 shown first embodiment is on the two outer reaction vessels 1 the reaction vessel arrangement in each case one, by means of a mechanically flexible, in particular tab-shaped, connecting element 13 with the respective reaction vessel 1 connected composite 15 each of four cover elements 14 arranged. Here are between the individual cover elements 14 arranged web-shaped elements 16 each formed such that a distance between the cover elements located in the composite 14 the distance of the reaction vessels 1 in the region of the opening to be closed O, ie, for example, 9 mm corresponds. Thus, the openings O are particularly easy to close.
  • The bar-shaped elements 16 are furthermore in particular analogous to those between the reaction vessels 1 arranged web-shaped elements 12 designed so that single or multiple cover elements 14 from the rest of the composite 15 can be separated. These are in a manner not shown in the web-shaped elements 16 or between these and the respective lid elements 14 particular predetermined breaking points provided.
  • In a manner not shown, the cover element 14 individually or as a composite 15 of lid elements 14 separated from the reaction vessel arrangement 11 available.
  • In 31 is a side view of a possible ninth embodiment of the reaction vessel 1 shown. In contrast to the one in the 1 to 3 illustrated first embodiment of the reaction vessel 1 this is a pipette tip with a downwardly open measuring chamber 3 formed within which the substance is maintained by a negative pressure generated by means of a liquid column of the substance.
  • Also, the trained as a pipette tip reaction vessel 1 is intended in particular for arrangement in a device, not shown, for the automated analysis of a substance. In particular, the pipette tip is here in a manner not shown with its proximal end in the region of the upper opening O fluid-tight on a shaft, also referred to as a cone, a pipette, in particular a so-called air-displacement pipette arranged.
  • At a proximal end in the axial direction of the reaction vessel 1 opposite side of the distal end of the pipette tip is formed with a lower opening O ', through which the substance to be analyzed is taken up and discharged again. The distal end is characterized in particular by a particularly small inner diameter of, for example, 0.4 mm to 0.6 mm and a particularly small outer diameter of, for example, 0.8 to 1 mm.
  • The illustrated pipette or pipette tip enables the analysis of the substance in several layer thicknesses directly in the pipette, without the need for a previous transfer of the same into another vessel.
  • In doing so, the measuring chamber 3 with the measurement windows F1 to F8, the transition area UB and the transitions between the individual measurement windows F1 to F8 arbitrarily according to the in 1 to 27 illustrated embodiments of the reaction vessel 1 be educated.
  • Also in the formation of the reaction vessel 1 As a pipette tip, it is possible that the entire reaction vessel 1 or only parts of the same are formed from the transparent material. In particular, the proximal end of the pipette tip is formed from a mechanically flexible material, so that the fluid-tight connection with the shaft of the pipette can be realized simply and reliably. The mechanically flexible material is, for example, polypropylene, polystyrene or a thermoplastic polymer. In addition, it is also possible that the reaction vessel 1 is formed at least in the region of the lower opening O 'of a non-transparent further plastic or non-plastic material.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    reaction vessel
    2
    storeroom
    3
    measuring chamber
    4
    web
    5
    web element
    6
    web element
    7
    locking
    8th
    locking
    9
    locking
    10
    locking
    11
    Reaction vessel arrangement
    12
    element
    13
    connecting element
    14
    cover element
    15
    composite
    16
    element
    A1
    distance
    A2
    distance
    A3
    distance
    A4
    distance
    F1
    measurement window
    F2
    measurement window
    F3
    measurement window
    F4
    measurement window
    F5
    measurement window
    F6
    measurement window
    F7
    measurement window
    F8
    measurement window
    O
    opening
    O'
    opening
    UB
    Transition area
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • WO 2008/2008128534 A1 [0005]
    • DE 19826470 A1 [0006]
    • US 4263256 [0007]
    • US 5048957 [0008]
    • DE 19652784 A1 [0009]
    • DE 69519783 T2 [0010]
    • DE 3246592 C2 [0011]

Claims (13)

  1. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) for analyzing a substance, comprising - a storage chamber ( 2 ) having a circular cross section and - at least one measuring chamber ( 3 ), - whereby the pantry ( 2 ) and the measuring chamber ( 3 ) are interconnected in a transition region (UB) and are provided for receiving the substance, - wherein the measuring chamber ( 3 ) a plurality, in the axial direction of the reaction vessel ( 1 ) and / or pairs of two mutually opposite, plane-parallel and light-transmissive material measuring windows (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8) arranged transversely to this axial direction, A1, A2, A3, A4) between the pair of measurement windows (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8) different from a distance (A2, A3, A4, A1) between the remaining ones Pairs belonging to pairs (F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F1, F2).
  2. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that the measuring windows (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8) are arranged exclusively in two planes arranged parallel to one another.
  3. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that - the pantry ( 2 ) at a top end has a circular opening (O), - which at the edge of a lateral surface of the storage chamber ( 2 ) is limited, - wherein in the region of the opening (O), the lateral surface at the end and on the outside completely circumferential and substantially perpendicular to the lateral surface extending web ( 4 ) is trained.
  4. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the radius of the circular cross section of the storage chamber ( 2 ) is reduced from an upper end to a lower end of the storage chamber.
  5. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that wall regions of the measuring chamber ( 3 ) between the pairs of measurement windows (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8) have a curved cross-section.
  6. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on an outer side of the storage chamber ( 2 ) at least one substantially perpendicular to a circular upper opening (O) of the storage chamber ( 2 ) running web element ( 5 . 6 ) is trained.
  7. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on an outer side at a lower end of the measuring chamber ( 3 ) at least one substantially perpendicular to a lower end formed on the bottom element arranged web-shaped locking element ( 7 to 10 ) is trained.
  8. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a volume of the storage chamber ( 2 ) at least 10 times larger than a volume of the measuring chamber ( 3 ).
  9. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of the preceding claims designed as a cuvette.
  10. Reaction vessel ( 1 ) according to one of claims 1 to 6 or 8 designed as a pipette or pipette tip.
  11. Reaction vessel arrangement ( 11 ) for analyzing a substance comprising a plurality of interconnected reaction vessels ( 1 ) according to any one of the preceding claims.
  12. Reaction vessel arrangement ( 11 ) according to claim 11, characterized in that the reaction vessels ( 1 ) are arranged linearly or arcuately in such a way that normal directions of the at the upper end of the pantries ( 2 ) formed circular openings (O) each parallel to each other.
  13. Reaction vessel arrangement ( 11 ) according to claim 11 or 12, characterized in that - on each reaction vessel ( 1 ) by means of a mechanically flexible connecting element ( 13 ) a cover element ( 14 ) for closing an opening (O) of the reaction vessel ( 1 ) and / or - that at one or more of the reaction vessels ( 1 ) by means of a mechanically flexible connecting element ( 13 ) a composite ( 15 ) a plurality of cover elements ( 14 ), wherein a distance between those in the composite ( 15 ) cover elements ( 14 ) a distance of the reaction vessels ( 1 ) in the region of the opening (O) to be closed.
DE201420104316 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance Active DE202014104316U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201420104316 DE202014104316U1 (en) 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE201420104316 DE202014104316U1 (en) 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance
US14/852,258 US20160103061A1 (en) 2014-09-12 2015-09-11 Reaction Vessel, Reaction Vessel Arrangement and Method for Analyzing a Substance
CN201510610931.8A CN105413599A (en) 2014-09-12 2015-09-14 Reaction vessel, reaction vessel arrangement and method for analyzing a substance

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202014104316U1 true DE202014104316U1 (en) 2014-12-08
DE202014104316U8 DE202014104316U8 (en) 2015-10-29

Family

ID=52107736

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE201420104316 Active DE202014104316U1 (en) 2014-09-12 2014-09-12 Reaction vessel and reaction vessel arrangement for analyzing a substance

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE202014104316U1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014115516A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Endress + Hauser Conducta Gesellschaft für Mess- und Regeltechnik mbH + Co. KG Device for determining a measured value of a measured variable of the process automation technology in a liquid or gaseous medium, and its use and method of production

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263256A (en) 1979-11-05 1981-04-21 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Cuvettes for automatic chemical apparatus
DE3246592C1 (en) 1982-12-16 1983-10-27 Eppendorf Geraetebau Netheler Cuvette for mixing and for optical investigations
US5048957A (en) 1989-07-11 1991-09-17 Fritz Berthold Speciman rack with insertable cuvettes
DE19652784A1 (en) 1996-12-19 1998-06-25 Dade Behring Marburg Gmbh Device (cell) for receiving and storing liquids and for carrying out optical measurements
DE19826470A1 (en) 1998-06-13 1999-12-23 Eppendorf Geraetebau Netheler Cuvette for measuring radiation absorption in liquid samples
DE69519783T2 (en) 1994-04-29 2001-06-07 Perkin Elmer Corp Method and device for real-time detection of products of nucleic acid amplification
WO2008000200A1 (en) 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for secure operation of a switch unit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4263256A (en) 1979-11-05 1981-04-21 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Cuvettes for automatic chemical apparatus
DE3246592C1 (en) 1982-12-16 1983-10-27 Eppendorf Geraetebau Netheler Cuvette for mixing and for optical investigations
US5048957A (en) 1989-07-11 1991-09-17 Fritz Berthold Speciman rack with insertable cuvettes
DE69519783T2 (en) 1994-04-29 2001-06-07 Perkin Elmer Corp Method and device for real-time detection of products of nucleic acid amplification
DE19652784A1 (en) 1996-12-19 1998-06-25 Dade Behring Marburg Gmbh Device (cell) for receiving and storing liquids and for carrying out optical measurements
DE19826470A1 (en) 1998-06-13 1999-12-23 Eppendorf Geraetebau Netheler Cuvette for measuring radiation absorption in liquid samples
WO2008000200A1 (en) 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for secure operation of a switch unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014115516A1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2016-04-28 Endress + Hauser Conducta Gesellschaft für Mess- und Regeltechnik mbH + Co. KG Device for determining a measured value of a measured variable of the process automation technology in a liquid or gaseous medium, and its use and method of production

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE202014104316U8 (en) 2015-10-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106996984B (en) Composite reagent item
US8476080B2 (en) Tapered cuvette and method of collecting magnetic particles
US8974732B2 (en) Method for measuring the area of a sample disposed within an analysis chamber
EP2344679B1 (en) Kits and devices for detecting analytes
US9678079B2 (en) Microfluidic LAL-reactive substances testing method and apparatus
US5122284A (en) Apparatus and method for optically analyzing biological fluids
CA2574760C (en) Multidisciplinary automatic analyser for in vitro diagnosis
US7815863B2 (en) Cartridge for containing a specimen sample for optical analysis
US9612192B2 (en) Cuvette for photometric measurement of small liquid volumes
US6797518B1 (en) Analysis method with sample quality measurement
CA2551940C (en) Containers and methods for the automated handling of a liquid
TWI486570B (en) Ensuring sample adequacy using turbidity light scattering techniques
CA2225117C (en) An apparatus (cuvette) for taking up and storing liquids and for carrying out optical measurement
EP0938382B1 (en) Apparatus and method for conducting assays
US10241027B2 (en) Method for optically examining small amounts of liquid using a cuvette and insert parts that form a column of liquid between two measuring areas
EP3201602B1 (en) Apparatus for optical inspection of small volumes of liquid sample and cuvettes therefor
US20080068707A1 (en) Device for preparing microscopy samples
DE19826470C2 (en) Cuvette system and cuvette
EP0732575B1 (en) Method for conducting tests, particularly comparative tests
JP3985872B2 (en) container
JP3923968B2 (en) Container usage
US8759081B2 (en) Microfluidic element with multi-functional measuring chamber for the analysis of a fluid sample
US20130095508A1 (en) Instrumented pipette
US8343428B2 (en) Microchip and method of using the same
US20050220668A1 (en) Disposable test device with sample volume measurement and mixing methods

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
R207 Utility model specification

Effective date: 20150115

R082 Change of representative

Representative=s name: PATENTANWAELTE LIEDTKE & PARTNER, DE

R150 Term of protection extended to 6 years
R082 Change of representative