DE102018118214A1 - communication system - Google Patents

communication system

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Publication number
DE102018118214A1
DE102018118214A1 DE102018118214.7A DE102018118214A DE102018118214A1 DE 102018118214 A1 DE102018118214 A1 DE 102018118214A1 DE 102018118214 A DE102018118214 A DE 102018118214A DE 102018118214 A1 DE102018118214 A1 DE 102018118214A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
communication system
microphone
output signal
monitor
output
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
DE102018118214.7A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Anmelder Gleich
Original Assignee
Heinz Ostermann
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Heinz Ostermann filed Critical Heinz Ostermann
Priority to DE102018118214.7A priority Critical patent/DE102018118214A1/en
Publication of DE102018118214A1 publication Critical patent/DE102018118214A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R2420/00Details of connection covered by H04R, not provided for in its groups
    • H04R2420/01Input selection or mixing for amplifiers or loudspeakers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/10Earpieces; Attachments therefor ; Earphones; Monophonic headphones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R27/00Public address systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R3/00Circuits for transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R3/12Circuits for transducers, loudspeakers or microphones for distributing signals to two or more loudspeakers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/08Mouthpieces; Microphones; Attachments therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R2227/00Details of public address [PA] systems covered by H04R27/00 but not provided for in any of its subgroups
    • H04R2227/009Signal processing in [PA] systems to enhance the speech intelligibility
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R2420/00Details of connection covered by H04R, not provided for in its groups
    • H04R2420/07Applications of wireless loudspeakers or wireless microphones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R2430/00Signal processing covered by H04R, not provided for in its groups
    • H04R2430/01Aspects of volume control, not necessarily automatic, in sound systems

Abstract

A communication system for communication between musicians is described. The communication system comprises: a monitor speaker, which is designed as in-ear or on-ear headphones, for a first musician, the monitor speaker being suitable for reproducing a first output signal that is output by a main PA system , and a microphone for a second musician, the microphone being coupled directly or indirectly to the monitor speaker, the communication system being configured: a second output signal, which is generated by the microphone, to the monitor speaker for output to the monitor -Transfer speakers directly or indirectly, whereby the generation of the second output signal by the microphone does not affect the output at the main PA system.

Description

  • The invention relates to a communication system for communication between musicians and to a system which comprises such a communication system.
  • In the music scene, the advantages of in-ear monitoring are increasingly recognized and used. Monitoring refers to the sound reinforcement of sound engineers and / or artists, especially at live events. The sound is delivered via monitor loudspeakers or in-ear monitoring, with the latter inserting earplugs with integrated loudspeakers into the ear of the artist or sound engineer. Monitoring is particularly necessary or advantageous if the main sound system does not cover the stage or does not cover it sufficiently. This means that artists, such as musicians, can hear what they have played or sung, especially if this would not be possible without monitoring due to the high volume of the main PA system, since the sound of what they are playing or sung could not be heard enough.
  • A disadvantage of in-ear monitoring, however, is that communication between the artists (for example a band) is severely impaired, since sound waves coming from the outside from the earplugs, which are used for in-ear monitoring, be weakened or attenuated before they enter the musician's ear canal. This currently keeps many artists from purchasing an in-ear system.
  • In view of the above, music systems with in-ear technologies need further improvements.
  • One aspect of the present disclosure relates to a communication system for communication between musicians, the communication system comprising: a monitor speaker, which is designed as in-ear or on-ear headphones, for a first musician, the monitor speaker being embodied is to reproduce a first output signal output from a main PA system and a microphone for a second musician, the microphone being directly or indirectly coupled to the monitor speaker, the communication system being formed: a second output signal generated by the microphone is generated to be transmitted directly or indirectly to the monitor loudspeaker for output at the monitor loudspeaker, the generation of the second output signal by the microphone not influencing the output at the main PA system.
  • It should be pointed out here that the communication system according to any embodiment as described herein is equivalent to communication between one or more musicians on the one hand and one or more sound technicians on the other hand and between several sound technicians among themselves.
  • Communication between the musicians can take place at any time, for example, on the mixer with the normal vocal microphone without influencing the output signal of the main PA system.
  • It should also be noted that the reproduced first output signal can generally have an amplitude that is smaller than the amplitude of the original first output signal that is output by the main PA system.
  • The direct or indirect coupling of the microphone to the monitor speaker can take place via an electrical line or wirelessly. As will be explained further below, the microphone can also be coupled to the monitor loudspeaker via other components of the communication system. The same applies to the transmission of the second output signal from the microphone to the monitor speaker.
  • In one embodiment of the communication system, the communication system is also designed to superimpose the reproduced first output signal on the monitor loudspeaker over the second output signal. It is thus advantageously possible for both a first musician to be able to communicate with a second musician via the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor loudspeaker, and at the same time the musician who is performing the in-ear or on-ear Headphone monitor speaker carries, reproduces the reproduced first output signal corresponding to the output signal output from the main sound system.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system is also designed, an amplitude of the reproduced first output signal, on output to reduce the second output signal on the monitor speaker, on the monitor speaker. It can thus advantageously be achieved that communication between the musicians is ensured, although the musician who wears the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor loudspeaker perceives the reproduced first output signal.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system is also designed to completely suppress the amplitude of the reproduced first output signal when the second output signal is output on the monitor speaker, on the monitor speaker. This guarantees that the communication between the musicians can take place and that the reproduced first output signal cannot interfere with this communication.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system comprises a switch that can switch between a first state and a second state, wherein in the first state the reproduced first output signal can be output on the monitor speaker and the second output signal can be suppressed on the monitor speaker , and in the second state the reproduced first output signal can be attenuated at the monitor loudspeaker (that is to say, in particular attenuated compared to a signal that has already been attenuated by the main PA system) and the second output signal can be output at the monitor speaker can be spent. A simple switchover between the reproduced first output signal and the second output signal on the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor loudspeaker can thus advantageously be achieved, so that the musician playing the in-ear or on-ear headphone Monitor speaker carries either what (ie equivalent) hears what is output from the main PA system or what is communicated to it by another musician. In particular, when the reproduced first output signal is superimposed on the second output signal on the monitor loudspeaker, it can be achieved that an amplitude of one of the output signals or the amplitudes of both output signals can advantageously be controlled, the switch being able to switch between the first state and the second state.
  • It should be noted here that the switch can be operated both by the musician who operates the microphone and / or by the musician who carries the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor speaker. However, in some embodiments it is advantageous that the switch can be operated by the musician using the microphone, since in many cases the musician decides when he wants to communicate with the other musician.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the microphone is designed to generate the first output signal that is output by the main PA system, the switch being coupled to the microphone, so that either the first output signal generated by the microphone or the second output signal is output the monitor speaker is transmitted. Thus, the musician who operates the microphone can choose which audio signal the musician who carries the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor speaker receives.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system is designed to prevent the microphone from being coupled to the main PA system if only the second output signal and not the first output signal is transmitted to the monitor loudspeaker for output. It can thus advantageously be prevented that the output signal of the main PA system is influenced.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the switch comprises a foot switch and / or a hand switch and / or a radio switch (that is to say a switch with a radio transmission functionality). This is of particular advantage since it allows the switch to be actuated in a simple manner by a musician without the musician having to interrupt playing the music, for example.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the switch comprises a button, the button being designed to switch between the first state and the second state. In particular, the communication system is designed in such a way that, when switching between one of the first and second states in the other of the first and second states, the other of the first and second states to which it is switched only remains as long as the button is pressed is operated. In this case, it is particularly possible that, for example, in a basic state only the reproduced first output signal is output on the monitor loudspeaker. As soon as the button is pressed (for example, is pressed), a change can be made to a state in which only the second output signal is output at the monitor speaker or in which the second output signal and the reproduced first output signal are superimposed on the monitor speaker (for example both signals are not weakened or one of the two signals is weakened). In any embodiment of the disclosure described herein, the push button can thus advantageously be used to switch between the two states in a simple manner, one state being defined as the basic state (in particular, for example, only the output of the reproduced first signal on the monitor loudspeaker), and in the other state can be switched temporarily by pressing the button (as long as the button is pressed).
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the button is on the microphone attached, in particular the button can be designed as a hand button or radio button (that is, button with radio transmission). This can advantageously facilitate the operation of the button, in particular since the musician does not have to interrupt playing the music in order to actuate the button.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system is further configured from a state in which only the reproduced first output signal is output on the monitor speaker to another state in which the reproduced first output signal and the second output signal are output on the monitor speaker, to switch. In this case, in particular in the other state, the reproduced first output signal and the second output signal can be output on the monitor loudspeaker without being weakened. The switching between the one state and the other state can be carried out (in particular in the event that the reproduced first output signal and the second output signal are output unattenuated at the monitor loudspeaker), in particular by means of a switch, in particular the switch as described above.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system further comprises a tone generator which is coupled directly or indirectly to the monitor loudspeaker and to the microphone, and wherein the communication system is designed to control the tone generator in such a way that a pilot tone in the monitor loudspeaker is output when the second output signal generated by the microphone is transmitted to the monitor speaker for output to the monitor speaker. This advantageously indicates to the musician wearing the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor speaker if another musician wishes to communicate with him.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system is designed to control a pilot tone amplitude of the pilot tone. The pilot tone can thus be adapted to the personal listening habits of the musician wearing the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor speaker. The pilot tone can also be adapted in accordance with an ambient volume in an environment of the communication system.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system further comprises an optical signal generator which is directly or indirectly coupled to the monitor loudspeaker and to the microphone, the communication system being designed to control the optical signal generator in such a way that an optical signal is output when the second output signal generated by the microphone is transmitted to the monitor speaker for output to the monitor speaker. This advantageously indicates to the musician wearing the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor speaker if another musician wishes to communicate with him.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system further comprises a monitor channel to the monitor loudspeaker and a tone controller, the tone controller being coupled to the monitor channel and the tone controller being designed to reproduce the reproduced first output signal and / or the second output signal for output to the monitor speaker to control. The reproduced first output signal and / or the second output signal can thus be adapted to the personal listening habits of the musician wearing the in-ear or on-ear headphone monitor loudspeaker. The reproduced first output signal and / or the second output signal can also be adapted in accordance with an ambient volume in an environment of the communication system.
  • In the present description, the adaptation of a tone or signal to the personal listening habit of the musician relates in particular to an amplitude of the tone or signal and / or a timbre (highs / lows) of the tone or signal.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the microphone is coupled to the monitor loudspeaker via a mixer. This means that communication between the musicians at the mixer can take place at any time, for example with the normal vocal microphone, without influencing the output signal.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the microphone is coupled to the monitor loudspeaker via a radio system. This is particularly advantageous in that cabling, which would otherwise connect the microphone to the monitor loudspeaker directly or indirectly, can be avoided. With larger stages, in particular, such larger wiring, which would otherwise be necessary, can be avoided.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system is designed to control a microphone signal from the microphone. The microphone signal can also be faded in to facilitate the regulation of the microphone signal.
  • In a further embodiment, the communication system is designed to control an amplitude of the second output signal for output on the monitor loudspeaker. So this allows advantageous to control a volume of communication between the musicians. This is particularly advantageous if an ambient volume of an environment of the communication system (for example with a large audience) is relatively high. This embodiment can in particular be integrated into the embodiment in which the switch is provided, with which it is possible to switch between the first state and the second state. The respective amplitudes of the output signals can be controlled in both states, between which the switch can be used to switch. This is particularly advantageous if the second output signal is superimposed on the reproduced first output signal on the monitor loudspeaker, it being possible to control an amplitude of one of the output signals or the amplitudes of both output signals.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the microphone comprises a condenser microphone, the communication system being designed to switch phantom power to a microphone channel of the condenser microphone. This phantom power is caused by a supply voltage of, for example, 48 V ± 4V. Possible interference voltages in the supply therefore do not have an advantageous effect on the (microphone) signal due to the symmetrical cable routing.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the microphone comprises a headset, that is to say the microphone can be integrated into a headset, for example. This can advantageously facilitate the operation of the microphone.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the communication system comprises a plurality of monitor loudspeakers and a plurality of microphones, the communication system being designed to transmit the second output signal, which can be generated by each of the plurality of microphones, to each of the plurality of monitor loudspeakers for output. Thus, multiple musicians, i.e. H. especially more than two musicians, communicate accordingly.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, it is designed to form one or more communication groups between musicians or to receive information relating to the one or more communication groups, and the communication between musicians through the microphone and the monitor loudspeaker by means of the second output signal through the Communication system is only possible if the musicians are assigned to the same communication group. It can thus advantageously be achieved that certain communications only take place between certain musicians. The number of musicians assigned to a group is variable.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, this comprises a hall microphone, the hall microphone being designed to receive an acoustic signal from a listener. This is particularly advantageous because when using in-ear or on-ear headphones, especially at live events, communication and valuable spontaneous feedback from the audience can be impaired. A hall microphone can therefore be used to couple the acoustic mood into the communication system.
  • In some embodiments, the hall microphone is designed as a guest microphone that can be used by a single, specific listener or several, specific listeners to communicate any information (such as music requests) to a musician.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, the latter is designed to control an amplitude of the acoustic signal upon coupling or after coupling into the communication system for a channel which is directly or indirectly connected to the monitor loudspeaker. In some embodiments of the communication system, this input channel or the amplitude of the signal which is coupled into the communication system via this input channel can advantageously be regulated individually in amplitude for each user at the stage intercom.
    Another aspect of the present disclosure relates to a system comprising: the communication system according to one of the embodiments described herein, and a mixer coupled to the communication system, wherein: (a) the mixer comprises an audio mixer and (i) the communication system as one Ballast of the audio mixer is configured, or (ii) the communication system is integrated in the audio mixer; or (b) the mixer comprises a software mixer.
  • Exemplary embodiments of the invention are described in more detail below with reference to the drawings.
    • 1 schematically shows a stage intercom of a communication system according to an embodiment of the invention described herein; and
    • 2 schematically shows a stage intercom of a communication system according to a further embodiment of the invention described herein.
  • 1 schematically represents an external variant of a stage intercom of a communication system 100 according to an embodiment of the invention described herein.
  • In this example the communication system exists 100 from a microphone 102 using a mixer over a microphone channel 116 connected is.
  • In this example is the microphone 102 a condenser microphone, with a 48 V phantom power on the corresponding channel in this example 108 is switched.
  • Over several amplifiers 110 . 112 . 114 . 128 and 130 can send the microphone signal to the monitor speaker 106 , which is designed as in-ear headphones or on-ear headphones, are transmitted. In this example, the amplifiers include 112 / 114 Stereo amplifier with a V-factor of 1.
  • The microphone amplifier 110 allows electronic balancing and level adjustment of the signal coming from the microphone.
  • In this example, a monitor signal is sent via the stereo connection 122 and the stereo input amplifiers 118 / 120 fed into the stage intercom, from where it goes through the stereo amplifier 128 / 130 via the stereo output 104 to the monitor speaker 106 can be transferred.
  • In this example, the stereo input amplifiers allow 118 / 120 a level adjustment of the monitor signal coming from the mixer.
  • In this example, the stereo amplifiers also allow 128 / 130 level adjustment and tone control to adjust bass and treble accordingly.
  • This example uses a power supply 138 made available. This power supply 138 in this example has an input voltage of 100-240 V (AC voltage) and an output voltage of +12 to -12 V.
  • In this example, the stage intercom also includes an ind. AUX connection. A signal from the mixer is sent through the amplifier 126 amplified and to the stereo amplifier 128 / 130 transfer.
  • The system also includes a tone generator 132 , which in this example generates a pilot tone with a frequency of 1000 Hz. The pilot tone can be from the tone generator 132 via a switch 134 to the monitor speaker.
  • The system also includes a switch in this example 136 , which makes it possible to switch between the first state and the second state described above, so that either the reproduced first output signal or the second output signal is output at the monitor speaker and the other signal is correspondingly suppressed or attenuated at the monitor speaker.
  • In this example, the circuit is available several times per channel used, ie depending on the number of microphones used. The part of the circuit that is the amplifier 112 . 114 . 118 . 120 as well as the connection 122 who have favourited Power Supply 138 and the tone generator 132 is present only once in a device.
  • 2 schematically represents an internal variant of a stage intercom of a communication system 200 according to an embodiment of the invention described herein.
  • Components of the system 200 that with appropriate components of the system 100 the 1 match, are provided with the same reference numerals.
  • In this example, the stereo output is adjustable (for example for the monitor / headphones). Furthermore, in this example there is a radio connection for communication between the microphone circuit and the headphone amplifier or monitor speaker 106 provided. For this, an antenna is used in this example 202 on the monitor speaker 106 and an antenna 204 provided in the microphone circuit.
  • It is immediately clear that the radio connection is also in the system of 1 can be used.
  • In the example of 2 A microphone circuit for each channel used may also be required in the mixer. The arrangement of the amplifiers 112 . 114 with the tone generator 132 may also be required in the mixer.
  • As described above, Stage Intercom is a device that allows internal communication between multiple artists / musicians and technicians without affecting the output signal to the main system. Here, for example, the normal vocal microphones can be used.
  • The device can be retrofitted as an external ballast of an audio mixer as well as in an analog or digital mixer and in software mixers as standard.
  • In some embodiments, internal communication is initiated by operating a switch (foot switch, radio switch, etc.). The person who triggers the communication with the switch is decoupled from the main system in some embodiments and can be heard by everyone who is connected to the stage intercom in some embodiments under an additional pilot tone. In addition or as an alternative to this, this status can also be indicated by visual support (eg light signals, display on the display, etc.).
  • In some embodiments, all people connected to the stage intercom system can participate in the conversation by pressing their own intercom switch (by cable or radio) without being heard in the main system.
  • In some embodiments, a tone control and an AUX input as well as a controllable coupling between own microphone signal and monitor signal are provided for each individual monitor channel.
  • In some embodiments, communication between the musicians and sound technicians at the mixer can take place at any time without influencing the output signal.
  • In some embodiments, the stage intercom is simply looped into the existing microphone connection. In some embodiments, changing the settings on the main mixer is not necessary.
  • Subsequent installation in an analog or digital mixer and software mixers is possible.
  • The implementation of this concept is easy to implement in new mixer series (analog, digital and software mixers) by taking the additional components into account.
  • In order to adapt the personal listening habits and the in-ear headphones or on-ear headphones used, in some embodiments a tone control as well as an individually adjustable AUX input for feedback of the own microphone signal or other relevant signal sources is possible.
  • In some embodiments, the adjustable stereo signal that is output can be switched either to a simple headphone amplifier or to a radio system.
  • In some embodiments, 48V phantom power can be switched to the corresponding channel when using condenser microphones.
  • The external basic system can be cascaded as desired and thus adapted to the size of the band or orchestra.
  • In some embodiments, the microphone used is used as a headset.
  • In a further embodiment of the communication system, communication groups can also be formed with which the internal communication can be realized between or within certain “registers” (wind instruments, strings, percussion, choir, etc.) in the orchestra or certain groups working together as a result of their function.
  • As the communication and valuable spontaneous feedback from the audience can be impaired when using in-ear or on-ear headphones, particularly at live events, the acoustic mood can be coupled into the system in a further embodiment by means of a hall microphone. Depending on the system version, the amplitude of this input channel can be individually controlled for each user at the stage intercom.
  • Communication with the audience can be an important basis for a live act. Here there is often a need to convey a spontaneous message to the artist (desire for music or the like). In a further embodiment of the communication system, a “guest microphone” can be set up for this. In technical terms, this corresponds to the functionality of the hall microphone described here. In some embodiments, the hall microphone comprises such a guest microphone.
  • When retrofitted, the number of channels depends on the size of the mixer in some embodiments.
  • When implemented in the series mixer, the number of channels depends on the number of microphone channels in some embodiments.
  • In some embodiments, the internal communication is acoustically signaled by a pilot tone that is adjustable in amplitude.
  • In some embodiments, the internal communication can additionally be signaled by visual signals (light signal, display on the display, etc.).
  • As described above, the stage intercom can be used as a ballast, retrofitted in analog or digital audio mixers, and implemented in newly developed mixer series (analog or digital and software mixers).
  • The communication system, in accordance with some embodiments, allows multiple users to communicate with each other at the same time.
  • Fading in and control of additional signal sources via AUX channels is implemented in some embodiments.
  • In some embodiments, fade-in and regulation of the own microphone signal is also realized.
  • In some embodiments, there is the possibility of tone control of the monitor signal in order to adapt it to personal listening habits.
  • Furthermore, according to some embodiments, the communication system allows a level adjustment of the internal communication signal to the other signal sources of the monitor signal.
  • Finally, it should be pointed out in particular that the exemplary embodiments discussed above serve only to describe the claimed teaching, but do not restrict it to the exemplary embodiments.

Claims (27)

  1. Communication system for communication between musicians, the communication system comprising: a monitor speaker, which is designed as in-ear or on-ear headphones, for a first musician, the monitor speaker being suitable for reproducing a first output signal that is output by a main PA system, and a microphone for a second musician, the microphone being directly or indirectly coupled to the monitor speaker, wherein the communication system is designed: transmit a second output signal, which is generated by the microphone, to the monitor loudspeaker for output to the monitor loudspeaker, directly or indirectly, the generation of the second output signal by the microphone not influencing the output at the main PA system.
  2. Communication system according to Claim 1 , wherein the communication system is further configured to superimpose the reproduced first output signal on the monitor loudspeaker.
  3. Communication system according to Claim 1 or 2 , wherein the communication system is further configured to reduce an amplitude of the reproduced first output signal when the second output signal is output at the monitor speaker at the monitor speaker.
  4. Communication system according to Claim 3 , wherein the communication system is further configured to completely suppress the amplitude of the reproduced first output signal when the second output signal is output on the monitor speaker on the monitor speaker.
  5. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system comprises a switch which can switch between a first state and a second state, wherein in the first state the reproduced first output signal can be output on the monitor speaker and the second output signal can be suppressed on the monitor speaker, and wherein in the second state the reproduced first output signal can be output weakened or suppressed on the monitor speaker and the second output signal can be output on the monitor speaker.
  6. Communication system according to Claim 5 , wherein the microphone is designed to generate the first output signal that is output by the main PA system, and the switch is coupled to the microphone, so that either the first output signal generated by the microphone or the second output signal for output to the monitor Speaker is transmitted.
  7. Communication system according to Claim 6 , wherein the communication system is designed to prevent coupling of the microphone to the main PA system if only the second output signal and not the first output signal is transmitted to the monitor loudspeaker for output.
  8. Communication system according to one of the Claims 5 to 7 , wherein the switch comprises a foot switch and / or a hand switch and / or a radio switch.
  9. Communication system according to one of the Claims 5 to 8th , wherein the switch comprises a button, and wherein the button is configured to switch between the first state and the second state.
  10. Communication system according to Claim 9 , with the button attached to the microphone.
  11. Communication system according to Claim 9 or 10 , whereby, when switching between one of the first and second states in the other of the first and second states, the other of the first and second states into which switching is only maintained as long as the button is pressed.
  12. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system is further configured from a state in which only the reproduced first output signal is output on the monitor loudspeaker to another state in which the reproduced first output signal and the second output signal on the monitor Speakers are output to switch.
  13. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system further comprises a tone generator, which is coupled to the monitor speaker and to the microphone directly or indirectly, and wherein the communication system is configured to control the tone generator such that a pilot tone in the monitor Speaker is output when the second output signal generated by the microphone is transmitted to the monitor speaker for output to the monitor speaker.
  14. Communication system according to Claim 13 , wherein the communication system is designed to control a pilot tone amplitude of the pilot tone.
  15. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system further comprises an optical signal generator which is coupled to the monitor loudspeaker and to the microphone directly or indirectly, and wherein the communication system is designed to control the optical signal generator such that an optical signal is output when the second output signal generated by the microphone is transmitted to the monitor speaker for output to the monitor speaker.
  16. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system further comprises a monitor channel to the monitor speaker and a tone control, wherein the tone control is coupled to the monitor channel, and wherein the tone controller is designed to control the reproduced first output signal and / or the second output signal for output on the monitor loudspeaker.
  17. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the microphone is coupled to the monitor speaker via a mixer.
  18. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the microphone is coupled to the monitor speaker via a radio system.
  19. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system is designed to control a microphone signal of the microphone.
  20. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system is designed to control an amplitude of the second output signal for output to the monitor speaker.
  21. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the microphone comprises a condenser microphone, and wherein the communication system is designed to switch phantom power to a microphone channel of the condenser microphone.
  22. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the microphone comprises a headset.
  23. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system comprises a plurality of monitor speakers and a plurality of microphones, and wherein the communication system is configured to output the second output signal, which can be generated by each of the plurality of microphones, to each of the plurality of monitor speakers transfer.
  24. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system is designed to form one or more communication groups between musicians and / or to receive information relating to the one or more communication groups, and wherein the communication between musicians by means of the microphone and the monitor loudspeaker of the second output signal is only made possible by the communication system if the musicians are assigned to the same communication group.
  25. Communication system according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication system further comprises a hall microphone, and wherein the hall microphone is designed to receive an acoustic signal from a listener.
  26. Communication system according to Claim 25 , wherein the communication system is designed to control an amplitude of the acoustic signal upon coupling or after coupling into the communication system for a channel which is connected directly or indirectly to the monitor loudspeaker.
  27. System comprising: the communication system according to any one of the preceding claims, and a mixer coupled to the communication system, wherein: (a) the mixer includes an audio mixer and (i) the communication system is configured as a ballast of the audio mixer, or (ii) the communication system is integrated in the audio mixer; or (b) the mixer includes a software mixer.
DE102018118214.7A 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 communication system Pending DE102018118214A1 (en)

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DE102018118214.7A DE102018118214A1 (en) 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 communication system
PCT/EP2019/069801 WO2020020888A1 (en) 2018-07-27 2019-07-23 Communication system for musicians

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Citations (2)

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DE102015117057A1 (en) * 2014-10-07 2016-04-07 Sennheiser Electronic Gmbh & Co. Kg Wireless audio transmission system, in particular wireless microphone system
US20180091899A1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-03-29 Logitech Europe S.A. Audio monitor signal interception device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29517266U1 (en) * 1995-10-31 1995-12-21 Lux Wellenhof Gabriele Hearing aid
KR20110003770U (en) * 2009-10-10 2011-04-18 권나영 Microphone

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015117057A1 (en) * 2014-10-07 2016-04-07 Sennheiser Electronic Gmbh & Co. Kg Wireless audio transmission system, in particular wireless microphone system
US20180091899A1 (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-03-29 Logitech Europe S.A. Audio monitor signal interception device

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