CN2861060Y - Multifunctional vacuum storing cabinet - Google Patents

Multifunctional vacuum storing cabinet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2861060Y
CN2861060Y CN 200520062885 CN200520062885U CN2861060Y CN 2861060 Y CN2861060 Y CN 2861060Y CN 200520062885 CN200520062885 CN 200520062885 CN 200520062885 U CN200520062885 U CN 200520062885U CN 2861060 Y CN2861060 Y CN 2861060Y
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vacuum
sub
door
chamber
vacuum chamber
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CN 200520062885
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Chinese (zh)
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梁国强
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梁国强
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Abstract

A vacuum storing cabinet with multifunction, it consists of cabinet body, the vacuum room, suction system, air intake system with decompression and refrigeration system in the cabinet body, it characterized in that the vacuum room in the cabinet body at least includes two independent vacuum sub rooms with separated doors partitioned by a partition plate arranged in long direction, these sub rooms with different or identical temperature and vacuum degree are formed by connecting with suction system, air intake system with decompression and refrigeration system. Due to the utility model adopts the structure of vacuum sub rooms with different or identical temperature and vacuum degree that formed by at least one partition plate in long direction, people can put different articles into the suitable sub room respectively according to different requirements on preservation, which decreases the time for vacuuming various sub rooms, reduces use-cost and lower the noise produced when opening or closing the respective seal door to the minimum degree.

Description

一种多功能真空储物柜 A multi-functional vacuum lockers

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种储物柜,特别是一种多功能真空储物柜。 The present invention relates to a locker, in particular a multi-purpose lockers in vacuo.

背景技术 Background technique

随着科技的进步和人民生活水平的不断提高,人们对物品的储存有了更高的要求。 With the continuous improvement of people's living standards and the advancement of technology, people store for items with higher requirements. 如对于肉类、水产、蛋类制品等生熟食品需防腐败,而对于干货、干果、药材等需防虫蛀、防潮、防霉变等等,总之,不同的物品要求有相应的储存环境,但一般来说,主要是控制氧含量、湿度和温度等三个环境因素。 Such as for meat, fish, eggs, raw and cooked food products need to prevent corruption, and for dry goods, dried fruit, herbs and other required moth, moisture, mildew, etc., in short, required to have different articles corresponding storage environment, but in general, mainly oxygen content, humidity and temperature control of the three environmental factors. 尽管家用真空封装机和与之配套的用部分或全部有纹塑料膜制成的塑料袋和真空储物罐是一种储物的途径,但由于现有的真空封装机与储物袋或罐是分离的,使用不方便,而且抽氧不彻底,不能阻止假单胞杆菌繁殖,并且密封袋一旦打开就无法复原,食品吃不完就只能扔掉,造成资源浪费。 Although the packaging machines and household vacuum accompanying with some or all of the plastic bag and a vacuum storage tank made of a plastic film pattern is a way of storage, but because the conventional vacuum packaging machine and the storage bag or canister it is separate, inconvenient to use, and pumping oxygen is not complete, can not prevent Pseudomonas breeding, and seal the bag once opened can not recover, you can only eat food thrown away, resulting in a waste of resources. 而使用电冰箱储物,虽吃不完的食品可重新放入冰箱内保鲜,但因其不是真空保鲜,其对于嗜氧细菌的繁殖无能为力,对于食品脂质氧化也不能完全克服,保鲜质量较差,保鲜时间短,且耗电量大、保鲜成本高,而且对于干货来说,低温保存不是最佳方案。 Refrigerator storage is used, although re-eat food preservation in the refrigerator, but not because of vacuum preservation, which for the propagation of aerobic bacteria powerless, for food lipid oxidation can not be completely overcome, more fresh mass poor preservation time is short, and power consumption, high cost of preservation, but also for dry goods, the cryopreservation is not the best solution. 针对这种情况,各种各样的真空储物柜便应运而生了,从而给物品的保鲜储存带来了一定的方便,然而现有的真空储物柜,要么就是单纯的常温储物柜,如专利号为ZL97247436的中国专利所公开的真空保鲜柜,其上仅仅只有常温真空室,不能保存一些需低温储存的物品;要么就是单纯的真空冷藏柜,只适合于冷藏而不适合于干货储存,所以功能单一。 In view of this situation, a variety of vacuum lockers have come into being, and thus bring a certain freshness to the convenience store items, however, the existing vacuum lockers, locker room temperature or is simply , as disclosed in Chinese Patent No. ZL97247436 the disclosed cabinet vacuum preservation, which with only the vacuum chamber at room temperature, low temperature storage is not required to keep some items; or is simply vacuum freezers, refrigerated for not only suitable for dry store, so a single function. 尽管专利号为ZL02284852的中国专利公开过一种多功能的保鲜柜,但其结构复杂、生产成本高,而且由于其内呈层状排布的真空室,每一层只有一单独的真空室,因此真空室体积较大,以致在开、关密封门时噪音大,并且关上门后又难以在短时间内将其内抽成真空,耗电量大,难以被广大消费者所接受。 Although the Chinese Patent No. ZL02284852 patent discloses a multi-functional storage cabinets, but its structure is complicated, high production costs, and because of its layered arrangement within a vacuum chamber, each layer of only a single vacuum chamber, Thus the vacuum chamber larger, so that the noise is large at the time of opening and closing the sealing door, and then shut the door is difficult in a short time within evacuated, power consumption, it is difficult to be accepted by consumers. 另外对于真室储存来说,密封是最重要的,然而现有的真空储物柜,其密封门上大都未设可将该密封门压贴于真空室门框密封胶圈上的锁定装置,所以密封结构不可靠。 In addition to real storage chamber, the seal is the most important, however, conventional vacuum drawer, the door seal may be provided none of the large door seal is pressed against the vacuum chamber door locking means on the gasket, so not reliable sealing structure.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型的目的在于解决上述存在问题,提供一种既可按物品的不同储存特性分别储放于不同温度的真空分室内,并可反复保鲜,而且各真空分室体积又小、操作时噪音小、耗电量少、外形美观、使用经济、实惠的多功能真空储物柜。 The present invention aims to solve the above problems, can provide a different characteristic items are stored at different temperatures store sub vacuum chamber, repeatedly and preservation, and each of the sub-vacuum chamber volume and small, low noise operation , less power consumption, good appearance, economical and practical function vacuum lockers. 在此基础上,本实用新型的进一步目的是提供一种使用更合理,密封更可靠的多功能真空储物柜。 On this basis, a further object of the present invention is to provide a more rational, more reliable seal vacuum multifunctional lockers.

本实用新型的技术方案是这样实现的:一种多功能真空储物柜,包括柜体、位于所述柜体内的真空室及装置于该柜体上的抽气系统、解压进气系统和制冷系统,其特点是所述柜体内的真空室包括至少二个由一纵向设置于所述柜体内的隔板分隔成的两独立真空分室,且所述各真空分室上分别装置有独立的密封门,所述各真空分室分别通过与所述抽气系统、解压系统及制冷系统相连而形成相同或不同温度和相同或不同真空度的真空分室。 Aspect of the present invention is implemented as follows: a multi-purpose lockers in vacuo, includes a cabinet, and a vacuum chamber means is located in the cabinet on the cabinet suction system, intake system and the cooling decompression system, characterized in that said cabinet comprises at least two vacuum chambers separated by a partition plate disposed in the longitudinal direction of said cabinet body into two separate sub-vacuum chamber, and each said vacuum means each compartment has a separate door seal the respective vacuum chambers are formed by the same partition or different temperature and the same or a different degree of vacuum of the vacuum chamber is divided by the suction system, decompression and cooling system connected to the system.

其中,上述柜体内所分隔成的真空分室的层数及各层数的个数及大小可根据使用者的需要来定,如为了满足储物少的家庭要求,上述柜体内只设一层由两个不同温度的真空分室组成的真空室,或还将其中一真空分室再通过一分隔板分成两个更小的真空分室均可;为满足广大消费者的要求,使其使用更合理,本实用新型采用将柜体内分隔成三层分别由两真空分室组成的真空室,其中一层的两真空分室均为常温真空分室,其另外二层分别为两冷冻真空分室和两冷藏真空分室。 Wherein the number of layers and size layers and each separated into the above-described vacuum cabinet compartments may be set according to the needs of the user, such as to meet the requirements of a small family of storage, one above provided only by the cabinet two vacuum compartments of different temperature chambers of the vacuum or partial vacuum will be one of the chamber and then through a partition plate into two smaller sub-vacuum chamber can; to meet the requirements of consumers, it is more reasonable to use, the present invention uses partition the cabinet into a three-layer vacuum chamber by the two vacuum compartments consisting of respectively two vacuum compartments one of which are normal vacuum compartment, which additional floor are two vacuum freeze compartment and two refrigerated vacuum compartment.

为使上述各真空分室可实现好的密封,上述各真空分室的门框四周设有环槽,且该环槽内嵌装有可与其相应密封门配合而实现真空密封的密封胶圈。 For each of the sub-vacuum chamber can be realized a good seal, each frame sub-vacuum chamber surrounded by the annular groove and the annular groove may be embedded with its corresponding door sealing gasket is realized with a vacuum-tight. 为进一步的使其密封可靠,上述各密封门上还设有可与上述柜体配合锁定而使该密封门紧贴所述密封胶圈的锁紧装置。 To further make it reliable seal is also provided with a locking device fitted with the above cabinet door lock so that the sealing of the gasket against the seal on each door.

为使本实用新型中的冷冻真空分室和冷藏真空分室内冷却均匀,不留死角,且可自动除霜,上述制冷系统包括装置于上述柜体后下方的制冷压缩机、冷凝器、制冷剂干燥过滤器、复合全自动化霜装置的温控器、冷风风扇及环设于各冷冻真空分室和冷藏真空分室外壁四周的夹层冷风环流风道和装置于风道上的为该制冷机组提供冷源的蒸发器,且所述风道内位于冷冻真空分室和冷藏真空分室外壁四周各设有导流分配槽。 For the present invention, the vacuum freezing compartment and the refrigerating chamber is cooled uniformly divided in vacuo, leaving, and automatic defrosting said refrigerant compressor refrigeration system comprising means below the cabinet above the condenser, the refrigerant dried filter, a composite thermostat fully automatic defrosting apparatus, cold air fan and laminated cool air circulation duct, and means disposed around each of the vacuum freeze compartment and the refrigerating vacuum division outer wall around the track to the wind to provide cold source evaporator for refrigeration unit device, and the inner air duct located in the freezing compartment and the refrigerating vacuum vacuo four weeks each sub-outer wall is provided with flow distribution groove.

本实用新型由于巧妙地采用在柜体内设置至少一层由纵向隔板分隔成的并具有相同或不同温度和相同或不同真空度的小体积真空分室的结构,使本实用新型在具有多个体积小巧的真空分室的基础上,又同时具有低湿、低氧、低温等多种不同功能的储存区供选择,从而使人们可合理地根据不同物品的特性和保质要求分别储放在其合适的真空分室内而延长其保质期,而且因真空分室体积较小,既缩短了将其内抽成真空的时间,节省了能源、降低了使用成本,同时又将密封门开合时的噪音降到最小,有效地解决了现有的真空储物柜功能单一、操作时噪音大、耗电量大等问题。 The present invention cleverly employed because the cabinet is provided at least one layer separated by longitudinal partitions into the same or different and have the same or different temperature and vacuum degree of the vacuum is small sub-chamber structure of the present invention having a plurality of volumes small vacuum compartment based on, but also has low humidity, low oxygen, low temperature and other functions of a plurality of different storage areas for selection, such that one can be reasonably separately storing in its appropriate depending on the characteristics and durability requirements of different items in vacuo at the indoor and extended shelf-life, but also because a smaller volume of the vacuum compartment, which not only shorten the time evacuated, save energy, reduce the cost, while in turn the opening and closing of the door seals to minimize noise, effectively solve the existing lockers in vacuo single function, large operating noise, power consumption and other issues. 并且由于本实用新型还采用在各密封门上设有锁紧装置的结构,进一步的增强了本实用新型的密封效果。 And since the present invention also uses the structure of the locking device is provided on each of the sealing door, further enhancing the sealing effect of the present invention. 此外,由于本实用新型还采用在各低温真空分室外壁四周设有夹层冷风环流风道和导流分配槽及冷风风扇等制冷结构,确保了各低温真空分室冷却均匀,不留死角。 Further, since the present invention is also employed in the low temperature outer wall is surrounded by a partial vacuum sandwich cold air passage and the circulation flow channel and the cold air distribution fan cooling structure, each of the low vacuum to ensure uniform cooling compartment, leaving no. 本实用新型结构简单、可靠、外形美观、使用方便、安全,且功能多、性能好、节能省电、无污染,可满足广大消费者的要求,具有广阔的市场前景。 The advantages of simple structure, reliable, beautiful appearance, easy to use, safe, and multi-function, performance, energy saving, pollution-free, can meet the demands of consumers, the market has broad prospects.

下面结合附图对本实用新型作进一步的说明。 Described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings for the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本实用新型的结构示意图;图2为本实用新型打开各密封门后的结构示意图;图3为图2中一真空分室的结构示意图;图4为图3中门框处的AA结构放大示意图;图5为图1的B内锁紧装置处于开启状态时的结构示意图;图6为图1的B内锁定装置处于锁紧状态的结构示意图;图7为本实用新型的抽气系统的工作原理示意图;图8为本实用新型的制冷系统的工作原理示意图;图9为本实用新型的冷冻或冷藏真空室的夹层冷风风道中的导流分配槽的结构示意图;图10为本实用新型的制冷系统与冷冻真空室和冷藏真空室结合的结构示意图。 FIG 1 is a schematic structural diagram novel utility; FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration after each new seal door open present utility; schematic structure of a partial vacuum chamber in FIG. 2 FIG. 3; FIG. 4 is a frame structure AA in FIG. 3 at an enlarged schematic; FIG. 5 is a locking device in the structure diagram B of Figure 1 when opened state; Fig. 6 a schematic view of the structure of the locking apparatus of FIG. 1 B is in a locked state; FIG. 7 of the present invention a pumping system schematic diagram; FIG. 8 a schematic view of a refrigeration system of the present novel practical working principle; flow distribution groove schematic structural sandwich cold air passage novel frozen or refrigerated vacuum chamber of FIG. 9 of the present utility; FIG. 10 of the present invention the schematic structural diagram of a refrigeration system in combination with vacuum freezing chamber and the refrigerating chamber vacuum.

具体实施方式 detailed description

如图1及图10所示,本实用新型所述的多功能真空储物柜,包括柜体1、位于所述柜体1内真空室及装置于该柜体1上的抽气系统4、解压进气系统和制冷系统5,为使本实用新型能同时满足多种不同物品的保质要求,所述柜体1内的真空室包括至少一层由一块纵向设置于所述柜体1内的隔板11分隔成的两独立真空分室2,且所述各真空分室2上分别装置有独立的密封门3,所述各真空分室2分别通过与所述抽气系统4、解压系统及制冷系统5相连而形成相同或不同温度和相同或不同真空度的真空分室2,从而使本实用新型在具有体积小巧的各真空分室2的基础上,又同时具有低湿、低氧、低温等多种不同功能的储存区供选择,使人们可合理地根据不同物品的特性和保质要求分别储放在其合适的真空分室2内而延长其保质期,而且因真空分室2体积较小,既有效地缩短了将其 1 and FIG. 10, multi-purpose lockers in vacuo present invention, comprising a cabinet, the cabinet exhaust system is located within a vacuum chamber and means on the cabinet 1 to 4, 5 intake system and the cooling system decompression, such that the present invention can meet various requirements of different shelf items, the cabinet 1 comprises a vacuum chamber disposed within said at least one layer consists of a vertical cabinet 1 the separator 11 is divided into two separate sub-vacuum chamber 2, and each of the sub-chamber 2 each vacuum means has separate sealing door 3, each of the vacuum chamber 2 are divided by the suction system 4, decompression systems and cooling systems 5 to constitute the same or different temperature and the same or vacuum compartment different vacuum degree of 2, so that the present invention is based on having each vacuum compartment compact 2 on, and also has low humidity, low oxygen, low temperature and so many different storage region functions for selection, so that it can be reasonably separately storing in its proper vacuum compartment 2 in accordance with characteristics and durability requirements of different items and extended shelf-life, and because the smaller the vacuum compartment 2 by volume, not only effectively shortening it 内抽成真空的时间,节省了能源、降低了使用成本,同时又可将密封门3开合时的噪音降到最小,有效地解决了现有的真空储物柜功能单一、操作时噪音大、耗电量大等问题。 The evacuated time, save energy, reduce the cost, while at the same door 3 opening and closing of the seal to minimize noise, to effectively solve the conventional vacuum lockers single function, noisy operation , power consumption and other issues. 其中,上述柜体1内真空室的层数和所分隔成的真空分室2的数量及大小可根据使用者的需要来定,如为了满足储物少的小家庭要求,上述柜体1内只设一层由两个不同温度的真空分室2组成的真空室,或还将其中一真空分室2再通过一分隔板分成两个更小的真空分室均可;为使其可满足大多都消费者的要求,使其使用更合理,本实用新型采用将上述柜体1内的真空室通过两横向分隔板12和三纵向分隔板11分隔成的三层分别由两真空分室2组成的真空室,其中,有一层的两真空分室2均为常温真空分室,其另外两层的两真空分室2分别为两冷冻真空分室和两冷藏真空分室。 Wherein the number of floors above the cabinet 1 and the vacuum chamber divided into vacuum compartment 2 and can be sized according to the needs of the user, such as to meet the requirements of small family less storage, within said cabinet 1 the vacuum chamber is provided by a layer of two vacuum compartments consisting of 2 different temperatures, which will be a vacuum, or sub-chamber 2 and then through a partition plate into two smaller sub-vacuum chamber can be; that it mostly meet consumer those requirements, it is more reasonable to use, the present invention uses the above-described cabinet of the vacuum chamber 1 by two transverse partition panels 12 and 11 is divided into three longitudinally spaced plates three points respectively, by two vacuum chambers 2 consisting of a vacuum chamber, wherein a layer of two vacuum compartments 2 are divided vacuum chamber at room temperature, which the other two points of the two vacuum chambers 2 are two vacuum freezing compartment and the refrigerating two vacuum compartments. 上述常温真空分室2适用于储存一般的干货、干果、药物和怕受潮湿物品,上述冷冻真空分室2的温度一般设定在0至-12或-18摄氏度左右,上述冷藏真空分室2的温度一般设定在0至8摄氏度左右,上述冷冻和冷藏真空分室2适用于储存一般的肉类、水产、蛋类制品等生熟食品的物品,总之,不同的物品通过本实用新型均可得到相应的储存环境,使用极为方便、合理,且又经济、实惠。 Above room temperature vacuum compartment 2 suitable for storing the average dry, dried fruits, drugs, and fear by wet objects, the temperature of the refrigerating vacuum compartment 2 is generally set at about 0 to -12 or -18 degrees C, the temperature of the refrigerating vacuum compartment 2 is generally is set at about 0-8 ° C, the above-described vacuum freezing and refrigerating compartment 2 is generally suitable for storing meat, fish, egg products and other raw and cooked food items in short, the present invention different items can be obtained by a corresponding storage environment, extremely easy to use, reasonable, and because economical and practical. 同时为使上述密封门3和真空分室2可实现好的密封,如图3-图4所示,上述各真空分室2的门框四周设有环槽22,且该环槽22内嵌装有密封胶圈21。 The same time the sealed vacuum compartment door 3 and 2 good seal can be achieved, as shown in FIGS. 3, each of the sub-vacuum chamber 2 is surrounded by a frame ring groove 224, and the seal ring groove 22 with embedded 21 apron. 为进一步的使其密封可靠,上述各密封门3上设有可与上述柜体1配合锁定而使该密封门3紧贴上述密封胶圈21的锁紧装置31。 To further make it reliable seal is provided to lock the door 3 against the above-mentioned sealing gasket 31 of the locking device 21 above the cabinet 1 with the seal on each of the door 3. 上述各真空分室2的密封门3的外侧均通过铰链铰接于其外侧门框上,如图5-图6所示,上述锁紧装置31包括装置于上述各密封门3内侧的带转轴312的手柄311及装置于转轴312上的可随手柄311同步转动的锁块313,上述各相邻真空分室2之间的隔板11上设有可供所述两锁块313栓置的扣座13。 3 seal the outer door 2 of the respective vacuum chambers are sub-frame on the outside thereof, as shown in FIGS. 5-7 6 hingedly, said locking means 31 comprises a tape means to the shaft 3 inside the respective sealing door handle 312 311 and devices on the pivot shaft 312 may be synchronized with the rotation of the handle 311 latch block 313, is provided for locking the two opposing block 313 of the bolt 13 on the fastening base 11 adjacent each of the sub-vacuum chamber between the separator. 上述抽气系统4包括分别通过抽气管道42连接各真空分室2抽气口的电动抽气阀44、压力传感器43、一个或多个并联运行的抽气泵41、抽气CPU控制电路及装置于所述各真空分室2的门框上的可通过上述密封门3的压合而启动所述电动抽气阀44抽气的压合抽气开关45。 4 respectively include the sucking system purge valve through the extraction duct 42 is connected to each vacuum chamber 2 min electric pumping port 44, a pressure sensor 43, the parallel operation of one or more suction pump 41, suction means CPU to the control circuit and each of said vacuum compartments may activate the electric pump suction valve 44 switches suction nip 45 by the nip of the sealing door 3 on the door frame 2. 其中,所有连接入真空分室2的抽气管道42均设有真空密封,上述压力传感器43和电动抽气阀44可对各真空分室2实施压力监控和控制抽气作业。 Wherein all connection points into the vacuum chamber 2 is evacuated pipe 42 has a vacuum seal, the pressure sensor 43 and valve 44 may be an electric pump 2 and the control pressure monitoring embodiment of the evacuation operation of each sub-vacuum chamber. 上述解压进气系统包括装置于所述各真空分室2后壁充气管道上的与上述电动抽气阀44互锁的电动充气阀6、装置于所述各密封门3上的用于控制所述电动充气阀6的带指示灯的充气按钮7和与所述各充气按钮7串联并分别装置于所述各真空分室2门框上的充气开关8。 Decompression apparatus comprising the above-described intake system on each of the sub-vacuum chamber 2 and the rear wall of the inflatable duct of the electric pump valve 44 interlocked electric air valve 6, to the means for controlling each of the sealing door 3 on the electric air valve with a pneumatic indicator buttons 6 and 7 and the push button 7 each pneumatic means respectively connected in series to each of said inflatable sub-chamber vacuum switch 8 on the door frame 2. 上述制冷系统5包括连接管道、装置于上述柜体1后下方的制冷压缩机51、冷凝器52、制冷剂、制冷剂干燥过滤器53、带全自动化霜装置的温控器54、集化霜水管道541与集水盘542、相关电气控制执行组件及环设于上述冷冻和冷藏真空分室2外壁四周的夹层冷风环流风道56、冷风风扇57和装置于所述风道56中的为所述制冷系统5提供冷源的蒸发器55,且所述风道56内设有导流分配槽58。 The refrigerating system includes a connecting duct 5, the device 51 to the cabinet below the refrigerant compressor, a condenser 52, the refrigerant, the refrigerant after a filter drier 53, with fully automatic defrosting temperature control apparatus 54, set defrost sandwich cold circulation duct 56, the fan 57 and the cold water conduit means 541 and the drain pan 542, performs control related electrical components and a ring disposed above the vacuum freezing and refrigerating compartment 2 to the outer wall surrounding the air duct 56 to the 5 provides said refrigeration system evaporator cold source 55, and the air duct 56 equipped with flow distribution groove 58. 当空气流过上述蒸发器55被冷却后,用冷风风扇57强制将冷风气流沿风道56环流冷却室体,其中大部分冷风气流进入冷冻真空分室风道,部分冷风气流分流到冷藏真空分室。 When the air passes through the evaporator 55 after being cooled with cold air fan 57 forcing the cold air stream along the duct 56 circulation of the cooling chamber, wherein most of the cold air flow into the vacuum freeze-compartment air passage, part of cold wind diverter refrigerated vacuum compartment. 上述导流分配槽58起导向作用,让冷风气流从上述冷冻或冷藏真空分室后壁流到上壁,再左右分流至侧壁后流入底壁,最后又汇总到后壁,保证均匀冷却、不留死角。 58 serves as a guide action of the guide slot allocation, so that cold wind flows from the freezer or refrigerator compartment rear wall of the upper vacuum wall, and then flows into the left and right side walls to the bottom wall of the bypass, and finally aggregated to the rear wall, to ensure uniform cooling, not stay dead. 上述温控器54可监控冷冻真空分室2内的温度,并自动控制压缩机51开停,调控制冷温度,其化霜装置电动控制化霜加热器自动加热除霜,化霜水通过集水口经化霜水管道541排到箱底的集水盘542内。 The above-mentioned thermostat 54 monitors the temperature in the vacuum freezing compartment 2, the automatic control of the compressor 51 and opening stop, cooling temperature regulation, which means an electric defrost heater automatic control defrost defrost heating, the defrost water collector through the outlet by the defrost water pipes 541 of the bottom drain pan 542 is discharged. 上述冷藏真空室2上设有风门控制器59,该风门控制器59通过感温管监测该室温度,并自动控制置于该室风道进口处的风门开启程度,调节冷风量来控制温度。 A vacuum chamber provided with the refrigeration controller 59 on the damper 2, the damper chamber temperature controller 59 monitors the temperature sensing pipe, and automatically controls the damper chamber disposed at the duct inlet opening degree, adjusting the amount of cold air to control the temperature. 上述抽气系统4和制冷系统5均全自动运行。 The sucking system 4 and 5 are fully automatic operation of the refrigeration system. 上述冷冻和冷藏真空分室2的冷却方法也可采用直冷式,即将蒸发器55紧贴在被冷室体外壁四周,直接冷却该室体。 Vacuum above freezing and refrigerating compartment cooling method of direct cooling may be employed, i.e. in the evaporator 55 is cooled against the outer wall of the chamber around the chamber directly to the cooling body. 本实用新型结构简单、可靠、外形美观、使用方便、安全,且功能多、性能好、节能省电、无污染,可满足广大消费者的要求,具有广阔的市场前景。 The advantages of simple structure, reliable, beautiful appearance, easy to use, safe, and multi-function, performance, energy saving, pollution-free, can meet the demands of consumers, the market has broad prospects.

以下结合附图对本实用新型的工作原理作进一步详细的描述:如图1-图2所示,本实用新型的柜体1内设有三层分别由两真空分室2组成的真空室,各真空分室2均具有抽真空的功能。 Conjunction with the drawings of the principle of the present invention is described in further detail: FIG. 1 to FIG. 2, the cabinet 1 of the present invention features a three-layer vacuum chamber by a partial vacuum chamber 2 consisting of two respectively, each of the sub-vacuum chamber 2 has a vacuum function. 使用时,打开密封门3,按照食品或物品的要求将其分别放置于相应的真空分室2内,关上密封门3后,如图6所示,旋转其上的手柄311使锁块313栓入其隔板11上的扣座13内,使密封门3压贴于该真空分室2周围的密封胶圈21上,实现好的密封。 In use, to open the sealing door 3, as required food or articles which are placed within the respective vacuum compartment 2, after closing the sealing door 3, as shown in FIG. 6, the rotation on the handle 311 so that lock block 313 tied into which buckle 13 on the spacer 11, the door 3 is pressed against the sealing gasket on the periphery of the vacuum compartment 221, to achieve a good seal. 此时因密封门3处于关闭状态,已压合在真空分室3的门框上,因此其门框上的充气开关8和压合抽气开关45均呈按下状态,使连接该真空分室3的电动抽气阀44和压力传感器43通电,压力传感器44感知该室的压力高于原设定压力并发出抽气指令,启动抽气泵41和电动抽气阀44对该室进行抽气,当该真空分室3的压力下降到所设定的压力值时,压力传感器43再发出指令,关闭电动抽气阀44和停止抽气泵41抽气。 At this time, because the sealing door 3 is closed, the door frame is pressed in the vacuum chamber 3 is divided, so that the pneumatic switch on the door frame 8 and the nip showed suction switch 45 pressed state, the electric connection of the vacuum compartment 3 purge valve 44 is energized and the pressure sensor 43, pressure sensor 44 sensing pressure in the chamber is set higher than the original pressure exhaust and issues an instruction to start the electric air pump 41 and valve 44 to the suction chamber is evacuated when the vacuum when the pressure in compartment 3 falls to the set pressure value, the pressure sensor 43 then issues an instruction to close the valve 44 and the electric pump suction pump 41 stops pumping. 并且只要密封门3处于关闭状态且非作业时,连接该真空分室2的压力传感器43一直处于工作状态,只要该室因由于各种原因而使压力升高超过设定压力值,则会自动发出抽气指令,启动抽气泵41和电动抽气阀44对该真空分室2抽气而维持该室压力在设定范围。 And whenever the seal door 3 in the closed state and the non-working, connected to the partial vacuum chamber 43 has a pressure sensor 2 is in a working state, as long as the chamber due to various reasons, the pressure rises above the set pressure value, it will automatically send evacuation instructions, starting a suction pump 41 and valve 44 to the electrically augmented vacuum pumping sub-chamber to maintain the chamber 2 at a set pressure range. 为确保抽气系统4不过载,连接各真空分室2的压力传感器43的指令都送到专门的处理电路,由它按发出的指令顺序,启动抽气泵41并依次打开各室的电动抽气阀44逐个进行抽气。 4 to ensure that the pumping system is not overloaded connecting the partial vacuum chamber 43 the command pressure sensor 2 are sent to a special processing circuit, which according to the order of instructions issued by the suction pump 41 and start the electric sequentially open purge valve of each chamber 44 evacuated one by one. 同时设置在冷冻真空分室2的温控器54感知到该室温度高于所设定温度时,同样会自动启动制冷系统5的制冷压缩机51,制冷剂经管道流过冷凝器52、干燥过滤器53、节流毛细管进入蒸发器55,再回到制冷压缩机51。 While the vacuum provided in the freezing compartment 2 of the thermostat 54 senses that the room temperature is higher than the set temperature, the same refrigeration system will automatically start the compressor 515, the refrigerant flows through the condenser 52 via a conduit, filtered and dried 53, the capillary tube into the evaporator throttle 55, and back to the refrigeration compressor 51. 为使其冷却不留死角,本实用新型采用冷风沿冷却室外夹层风道56环流的间接冷却方式。 Is leaving no allowed to cool, the present invention uses indirect cooling cold air circulation in the cooling chamber 56 sandwich the duct. 空气经蒸发器55表面被冷却,该冷空气由风扇57强制吹入风道56,其中大部分冷风进入冷冻真空分室风道56,部分冷风分流到打开了风门591的冷藏真空分室风道56,冷风经导流分配槽58从冷冻或冷藏真空分室3后外壁流到上外壁,再分流至左、右侧外壁后流入底壁,最后又汇总到后外壁,回到蒸发器55,再次环流。 Surface of the air through the evaporator 55 is cooled, the cold air blown by the fan 57 to force air passage 56, air enters the vacuum freeze-most compartment air passage 56, part of the cold air bypass damper 591 is opened to vacuum refrigerator compartment air duct 56, distribution groove 58 through the cold air flow from the vacuum freezing or refrigerating compartment 3 flows onto the outer wall of the outer wall, and then diverted to the left and right outer side wall flows into the bottom wall, and finally aggregated into the outer wall, back to the evaporator 55, circulation again. 当温控器54感知该室温度低到设定温度时制冷压缩机41停转。 When the thermostat 54 sensing the temperature of the chamber to the low temperature of the refrigerant compressor 41 is set to stop. 由于蒸发器55运行一段时间后表面会结霜,会影响其制冷效果,所以复合全自动化霜功能的温控器54自动接通化霜加热器电源,让在蒸发器55表面的发热管加热,自动完成化霜程序,化霜水通过集水口经化霜水管道541排到箱底的集水盘542内。 Since the surface of the frosted evaporator 55 after a period of operation, which will affect the cooling effect, so the composite fully automatic defrosting function of the thermostat 54 automatically defrost heater power is turned on, so that the heating surface of the evaporator heat pipe 55, the program automatically complete defrosting, the defrost water is discharged through the bottom outlet collector defrost water pipe 541 through the drain pan 542. 同时当冷藏真空室上的风门控制器59中的感温管感知到该室温度达到或低于设定值时,该风门控制器59则自动并闭风门591。 Meanwhile, when the shutter controller 59 on the vacuum chamber of the refrigerator temperature control is perceived to the chamber temperature reaches or falls below a set value, the damper controller 59 and automatically shutting dampers 591. 整个过程中,由风门控制器59控制风门591的开启程度以调节进入冷藏真空室2外环流风道56的冷风量和控制该室的温度。 Throughout the process, the damper 591 controls the degree of opening of a damper controller 59 to regulate the amount of cold air into the refrigerating chamber 2, the vacuum duct 56 of the outer loop and control the temperature of the chamber. 当需取出储存物器时,按下其相应储存真空分室2的密封门3上的充气按钮7,此时充气按钮7上的指示灯亮,并由该充气按钮7和其真空分室2门框上的充气开关8一起控制开启电动充气阀6向该真空分室2内充气,因每一真空分室2的电动充气阀6与压力传感器43、电动抽气阀44是互锁的,在该室充气时不会发出抽气指令,电动抽气阀44也不会开启。 When it is desired reservoir was removed, a vacuum press their respective storage compartment 3 inflatable seal button 7 on the door 2, when the indicator is on the inflator 7, by the button 7 and the pneumatic vacuum compartment 2 of the door frame the pneumatic control switch 8 is turned on with electric air valve 6 to the sub vacuum chamber 2 inflated, because each of the electric vacuum compartment 2 inflation valve 6 and the pressure sensor 43, the electric pump valve 44 are interlocked, when the chamber is not inflated It will be issued evacuation instructions, electric pumping valve 44 will not open. 该真空分室2充气后,如图5所示,旋动密封门3上的手柄311,使锁块313脱离扣座13就可打开密封门3取物。 After the vacuum chamber 2 divided inflator, 5, rotating the handle 311 on the seal door 3, the lock block 313 from the buckle member 13 can seal the door opening 3 extract. 与此同时,原被压合在该真空分室2门框上的充气开关8弹起,切断电动充气阀6的控制电路,电动充气阀6关闭,密封门3上的按扭指示灯灭,取物后再关闭密封门3并锁紧又可自动重复上述操作进行保鲜储存,因此使用极为方便,且食品或物品的储存安全可靠,保质时间长,可广泛应用于各种家庭及办公场所。 At the same time, the original is pressed on the gas-filled switchgear in the vacuum chamber 2 of the door frame 8 minutes bounce, control circuit 6 is cut off electric air valve, electric air valve 6 is closed, the indicator button on the sealing off the door 3, extract 3 and then closing the sealing door lock automatically turn preservation storage operation described above is repeated, and therefore extremely easy to use, and storage of food or goods safe, long shelf-life time, can be widely used in home and office.

Claims (9)

  1. 1.一种多功能真空储物柜,包括柜体(1)、位于所述柜体(1)内真空室及装置于该柜体(1)上的抽气系统(4)、解压进气系统和制冷系统(5),其特征在于所述柜体(1)内的真空室包括至少一层由一块纵向设置于所述柜体(1)内的隔板(11)分隔成的两独立真空分室(2),且所述各真空分室(2)上分别装置有独立的密封门(3),所述各真空分室(2)分别通过与所述抽气系统(4)、解压系统及制冷系统(5)相连而形成相同或不同温度和相同或不同真空度的真空分室(2)。 A multi-purpose lockers in vacuo, includes a cabinet (1), located in said cabinet (1) within the vacuum chamber and a pumping system means to the cabinet (4) (1), extract the intake and cooling systems (5), characterized in that two separate vacuum chamber within said cabinet (1) includes a diaphragm (11) disposed in at least one layer (1) within the cabinet by a longitudinal partition into a sub-vacuum chamber (2), and each of the sub-vacuum chamber (2) are separate sealing means has a door (3), each of said sub-vacuum chamber (2) respectively with the suction system (4), and decompression system a refrigeration system (5) is connected to or formed by the same temperature and the same or different sub-vacuum chamber (2) of different degree of vacuum.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述柜体(1)内的真空室包括三层通过横向分隔板(12)和纵向分隔板(11)分隔成的并分别由两真空分室(2)组成的真空室,其中一层的两真空分室(2)均为常温真空分室,其另外两层的两真空分室(2)分别为两冷冻真空分室和两冷藏真空分室。 The function vacuum drawer according to claim 1, wherein said vacuum chamber within the cabinet (1) comprises three layers separated by a transverse partition plate (12) and the longitudinal partition plate (11) into and respectively, by two vacuum compartment (2) vacuum chambers, wherein two vacuum compartment layer (2) both at room temperature vacuum compartment, which additional layers of the two vacuum compartments (2) are the two vacuum freeze compartment and two vacuum refrigeration compartment.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述各真空分室(2)的门框四周设有环槽(22),且该环槽(22)内嵌装有密封胶圈(21),上述各真空分室(2)通过其密封门(3)压合于所述密封胶圈(21)上而实现真空密封。 The function vacuum drawer of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein each of the sub-vacuum chamber (2) surrounded by the annular groove of a door frame (22), and the ring groove (22) with embedded sealing gasket (21), each of the sub-vacuum chamber (2) by its airtight door (3) pressing on to the sealing gasket (21) and achieving a vacuum seal.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述各密封门(3)上设有可与上述柜体(1)配合锁定而使该密封门(3)紧贴上述密封胶圈(21)以实现对各真空分室(2)可靠密封的锁紧装置(31)。 The function vacuum drawer according to claim 1, wherein said door is provided with a respective seal (3) can be fitted above the cabinet lock (1) so that the door seal (3) against the above sealing gasket (21) to achieve each sub-vacuum chamber (2) a reliable sealing locking means (31).
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述各真空分室(2)的密封门(3)的外侧均通过铰链铰接于其外侧门框上,上述锁紧装置(31)包括装置于上述各密封门(3)内侧上的带转轴(312)的手柄(311)及装置于转轴(312)上的可随手柄(311)同步转动的锁块(313),上述各相邻两真空分室(2)之间的隔板(11)上设有可供所述两锁块(313)栓置的扣座(13),上述各密封门(3)通过其上的手柄(311)带动锁块(313)转动而与所述扣座(13)处于锁紧或解锁状态。 The function vacuum drawer according to claim 4, wherein each of the outer sub-vacuum chamber (2) sealing the door (3) are articulated thereto by a hinge on the outer frame, said locking means (31 ) comprises means to each of the sealing door (3) of the handle with the shaft (312) on the inner side (311) and means to rotating shaft (312) can (311) synchronously rotating the locking piece with the handle (313), each of the a separator between two adjacent sub-vacuum chamber (2) is provided for locking the two blocks (313) buckle (13) opposite the pin (11), each of the sealing door (3) by a handle thereon (311) to drive locking blocks (313) rotatable with said fastening seat (13) in a locked or unlocked state.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于所述抽气系统(4)包括分别连接各真空分室(2)抽气口的抽气管道(42)及装置于各抽气管道(42)上的电动抽气阀(44)、压力传感器(43)和一个或多个并联运行的抽气泵(41)及装置于所述各真空分室(2)的门框上的可通过上述密封门(3)的压合而启动所述电动抽气阀(44)抽气的压合抽气开关(45)。 The function vacuum drawer according to claim 1, characterized in that said suction system (4) respectively include connecting the sub-vacuum chamber (2) of the extraction duct exhaust port (42) and a pumping means to the respective the electric gas pipeline (42) the purge valve (44), by the pressure sensor (43) operating in parallel and a suction pump (41) and a vacuum means to the respective sub-chamber (2) one or more of a door frame the sealing door (3) is pressed to activate the electric pumping valve (44) evacuating nip suction switch (45).
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述解压进气系统包括装置于所述各真空分室(2)后壁充气管道上的与上述电动抽气阀(44)互锁的电动充气阀(6)、装置于所述各密封门(3)上的用于控制所述电动充气阀(6)开启的带指示灯的充气按钮(7)和与所述各充气按钮(7)串联并分别装置于所述各真空分室(2)门框上的充气开关(8)。 7. function vacuum drawer according to claim 6, wherein said intake system comprises extracting means to said respective sub-vacuum chamber (2) of the electric suction valve (44) on the rear wall of a pneumatic conduit button interlocked with light electric inflatable pneumatic valve (6), each of said seal means to said door for controlling electric air valve (6) on the opening (3) (7) and the respective pneumatic button (7) are connected in series and each vacuum means to said sub-chamber (2) a pneumatic switch (8) on the door frame.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1或2所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述制冷系统(5)包括装置于上述柜体(1)后下方的制冷压缩机(51)、冷凝器(52)、制冷剂干燥过滤器(53)、冷风风扇(57)及环设于上述冷冻和冷藏真空分室(2)外壁四周的夹层冷风环流风道(56)和装置于所述风道(56)中的为制冷系统(5)提供冷源的蒸发器(55),且所述风道(56)内位于上述冷冻和冷藏真空分室(2)外壁上设有导流分配槽(58)。 Function vacuum drawer according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said refrigeration system (5) comprising a refrigerant compressor means to the cabinet (1) below (51), a condenser (52 ), the refrigerant filter drier (53), cold air fan (57) and the ring provided in the freezing and refrigerating vacuum compartment (2) of the outer wall around the sandwich cool air circulation duct (56) and means in said air duct (56) an evaporator provided in the cold source (55) of the refrigeration system (5), and positioned in the vacuum freezing and refrigerating compartment inside (56) of the duct (2) is provided with an outer wall of the flow distribution groove (58).
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的多功能真空储物柜,其特征在于上述冷冻真空分室(2)上设有可监测该室温度并复合全自动化霜装置的温控器(54),上述冷藏真空室(2)上设有可监测该室温度并自动调节风道(56)中风门(591)开放程度的风门控制器(59)。 Function vacuum according to claim drawer 8, wherein the refrigerating compartment is provided with a vacuum chamber temperature can be monitored (2) and a composite fully automatic defrost thermostat means (54), the chilling provided with a vacuum chamber (2) can monitor and automatically adjust the temperature of the chamber duct (56) in the damper (591) of the damper open degree controller (59).
CN 200520062885 2005-08-15 2005-08-15 Multifunctional vacuum storing cabinet CN2861060Y (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102452515A (en) * 2010-10-27 2012-05-16 李国水 Vacuum fresh cabinet, movable tank and manual vacuum machine
CN103440006A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-11 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 Fresh food distribution terminal refreshment system and work method thereof
CN103574987A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 吴春渊 Cooling and heating multi-functional energy saving system
CN103612828A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-05 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 Freshness-keeping device for fresh-food distribution terminals
CN103848102A (en) * 2012-12-02 2014-06-11 开县人人有余科技有限公司 Food fresh-keeping box and food fresh-keeping method
CN105540055A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-04 成都国光电气股份有限公司 Vacuum storage cabinet
CN105977849A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-09-28 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 Insulating protective cover of isolating switch

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102452515A (en) * 2010-10-27 2012-05-16 李国水 Vacuum fresh cabinet, movable tank and manual vacuum machine
CN102452515B (en) 2010-10-27 2013-08-28 福州耕耘专利开发有限公司 Vacuum fresh cabinet, movable tank and manual vacuum machine
CN103574987A (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-02-12 吴春渊 Cooling and heating multi-functional energy saving system
CN103848102A (en) * 2012-12-02 2014-06-11 开县人人有余科技有限公司 Food fresh-keeping box and food fresh-keeping method
CN103440006A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-11 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 Fresh food distribution terminal refreshment system and work method thereof
CN103440006B (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-07-29 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 One kind of fresh food distribution terminal preservation system and its working methods
CN103612828A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-03-05 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 Freshness-keeping device for fresh-food distribution terminals
CN103612828B (en) * 2013-11-19 2016-10-05 四川长虹电器股份有限公司 Preservation of fresh food distribution terminal apparatus
CN105540055A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-04 成都国光电气股份有限公司 Vacuum storage cabinet
CN105977849A (en) * 2016-07-09 2016-09-28 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 Insulating protective cover of isolating switch

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