CN2791304Y - Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor - Google Patents

Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2791304Y
CN2791304Y CN 200520028479 CN200520028479U CN2791304Y CN 2791304 Y CN2791304 Y CN 2791304Y CN 200520028479 CN200520028479 CN 200520028479 CN 200520028479 U CN200520028479 U CN 200520028479U CN 2791304 Y CN2791304 Y CN 2791304Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder block
compressor
ring
rolling
eccentric wheel
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200520028479
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白葆山
刘玉洁
白宇昕
白宇威
白宇东
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白葆山
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Publication date
Application filed by 白葆山 filed Critical 白葆山
Priority to CN 200520028479 priority Critical patent/CN2791304Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2791304Y publication Critical patent/CN2791304Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor which belongs to a positive displacement compressor and mainly comprises a cylinder block and end covers fixedly connected to both ends of the cylinder block. An eccentric wheel shaft has the same shaft center with an inner hole of the cylinder body, and the cylinder body is provided with air inlet and an exhaust valve; a rolling ring is sheathed outside an eccentric wheel on the eccentric wheel shaft; one end of a swing plate is hinged with a groove on the rolling ring, and the other end is hinged with a groove on the cylinder block; the cylinder block is divided into an air suction chamber and a compressing chamber by the swing plate and the rolling ring. The utility model has the advantages of few parts, light weight, easy manufacture, low manufacturing cost and use cost, long repair and maintenance period and service life, automatic radial gap compensation and wide application range; the utility model can be used for occasions with small air displacement and low speed and can also be used for occasions with large air displacement and high-rotation speed. The utility model can be widely used in a field, such as various cooling devices, various air compressors, vacuum pumps, oil transfer pumps, etc.

Description

Swing plate and rolling loop type compressor
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of positive displacement compressor, especially a kind of rotary compressor.
Background technique
Positive displacement compressor mainly contains two big classes at present: reciprocal compressor and rotary compressor.
Reciprocal compressor mainly contains: 1. the oblique tray type compressor formed by piston and swash plate etc. of the Reciprocting piston compressor of forming by piston, connecting rod etc. 2., or the like.
Rotary compressor mainly contains: single, double helical-lobe compressor, rolling piston compressor, slide vane compressor, scroll compressor, Wankel-type compressor and other cycloid compressor, or the like.
The major technique feature of Reciprocting piston compressor is: adiabatic efficiency is higher, and manufacturing requires generally not high; But its component are more, complex structure, and maintenance is very not convenient, and reliability and life-span are relatively low.
Compare with reciprocal compressor, that rotary compressor generally has is simple in structure, component are few, in light weight, advantage such as functional reliability is high, the life-span is long and maintenance is convenient, therefore obtains to use very widely in numerous areas; But also there are some shortcomings in rotary compressor, as: the accuracy of manufacturing of part requires high; Many rotary compressors as single, double helical-lobe compressor, scroll compressor, three-apexed rotor and other cycloid compressor etc., all have comparatively complicated molded lines, need special equipment processing, thereby cost of production are higher.
Compare with the rotary compressor of other type, rolling piston compressor but is the simplest, it does not have complicated structure molded lines, basically be cylindrical component, have easy processing, simple in structure, component are few, in light weight, low cost and other advantages, but also there are some bigger shortcomings in rolling piston compressor, sees Fig. 1, mainly is:
1. air-breathing---in the compression process, slide plate 4 is to move back and forth under the pushing of the pressure of skateboard spring 6 and rolling piston 2, slide plate 4 is subjected to the longitudinal pressure of slide top spring 6, the oblique active force of rolling piston 2 and the lateral pressure that is compressed gas, and stress is very complicated.These power cause the friction and wear at the D place, end of skateboards slot E on slide plate 4 and the cylinder block 1 and slide plate 2, thereby produce the frictional work of some, and the working life of reduction complete machine;
2. in order to guarantee that slide plate 4 can follow the rolling piston 2 of high speed rotating and move back and forth, skateboard spring 6 must have enough pressure, so that can make the slide plate 4 with certain mass produce necessary acceleration; Compressor eccentric wheel 3 rotating speeds are high more, and the acceleration of slide plate 4 is also big more; The compressor operating volume is big more, and the quality of slide plate 4 also will be big more, and this all requires slide plate 4 is applied bigger accelerating force; So also just require rag iron spring 6 must have very big spring power.This spring force will consume very big power, thereby reduce efficient, the increase user cost of compressor, and the working life of reducing compressor;
3. in order to keep high working efficiency, must keep quite little radial clearance between rolling piston 2 and the cylinder 1, cause the requirement on machining accuracy of part also quite high, thereby improve product cost; When rolling piston 2 and eccentric wheel 3 generation gauge wears, can not realize the automatic compensation of radial clearance in addition.
Above-mentioned drawbacks limit rolling piston compressor in can't stand the occasion that has these shortcomings, use.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor, and is low with the efficient low, compressor in working life that solves processing cost height that existing rotary compressor, particularly rolling piston compressor exist, complete machine, increase problem such as user cost.The technological scheme that the utility model is taked is: the utility model mainly comprises cylinder block and the end cap of fixedlying connected with its two ends, the endoporus concentric of eccentric shaft and this cylinder block, suction port, outlet valve are arranged on the cylinder block, ring is rolled in the outside socket of eccentric wheel on this eccentric shaft, one end of pendulum plate rolls with this that groove on ring is hinged, the groove on the other end and the cylinder block is hinged, this pendulum plate with roll ring cylinder block be divided into air aspiration cavity and compression chamber; The pendulum plate that the utility model utilizes that an end hingedly is bearing on the cylinder block, the other end hingedly crouches in rolling ring groove and be installed in the ring that rolls of eccentric wheel outside is divided into air aspiration cavity and compression chamber with cylinder; Be installed in when rolling the inner eccentric shaft of ring externally the drive of power being rotated down, eccentric wheel can force and roll ring and press to cylinder wall tightly, and drive and to roll ring and roll along cylinder surfaces, so constantly change the size of air aspiration cavity and compression chamber volume, thus realize air-breathing and compression process.
Between the eccentric wheel that rolls on ring and the eccentric shaft, needle bearing or anti-wearing liner can be installed as required, needle bearing or anti-wearing liner are installed, though increase manufacture cost, but can improve the rotating speed of compressor significantly, thereby improve the productivity of compressor, and can adapt to multiple occasion use.
The utility model swing plate and rolling loop type compressor also can be used as oil transfer pump and uses.
From " Der Grundsatz der Maschinen ", swing plate and rolling loop type compressor is compared with rolling piston compressor, have different structural elements, different kinology and dynamic characteristic, thereby they also just have diverse mechanical property, make it have following tangible characteristics:
1. owing to adopt pendulum plate and the organization plan that rolls ring, just needn't as rolling piston compressor, rag iron spring must be installed, thereby can reduce by the caused power loss of rag iron spring, and the wear problem of cylinder body upper slide groove can not appear, will significantly improve the working life of compressor.Rag iron spring is not installed, also can be helped to improve greatly the rotating speed of compressor, will improve the productivity of compressor thus significantly yet.
2. can eliminate the radial clearance of rolling between ring and the cylinder block in real time, so can improve the working efficiency of compressor, therefore the part accuracy of manufacturing is required reduction simultaneously, thereby reduce the processing cost of compressor, and prolong the maintenance cycle and the working life of complete machine.Need not adopt additional way just can realize compensating radial clearance automatically, be a major progress of rotary compressor structure.
3. the structure molded lines that does not have the complexity of other rotary compressor, and allow cylinder body and roll ring to have bigger tolerance range, thereby can make manufacturing very simple, utilize conventional equipment to produce, so its manufacture cost is quite low.
In a word, the utility model is no matter be to compare with reciprocal compressor, still compare with various rotary compressors, all have few, in light weight, the easy processing of part, manufacture cost and user cost is low, maintenance cycle and long service life etc. are quite outstanding advantage, so its application area is wider, it not only can be applied to the slow-speed of revolution of float tolerance but also can be applied to big air displacement and high-revolving occasion.
The utility model can be at all kinds of refrigeration plants, as being used widely in the fields such as domestic air conditioning, Central Air Conditioner Used in Buildings, car air conditioner and refrigerator, all kinds of air compressor, vacuum pump and oil transfer pump.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of existing rolling piston compressor.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor.
Fig. 3 is the longitudinal sectional drawing of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor.
Fig. 4 is the process chart A of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor.
Fig. 5 is the process chart B of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor.
Fig. 6 is the process chart C of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor.
Fig. 7 is that swing plate and rolling loop type compressor is installed the needle bearing structural drawing.
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of swing plate and rolling loop type oil transfer pump.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, swing plate and rolling loop type compressor of the present utility model mainly is made up of cylinder block 1, the bearing 7 that rolls ring 2, eccentric shaft 3, pendulum plate 4, outlet valve 5, end covers at two sides 8 and 9, eccentric shaft 3 two ends and parts such as 10.
Eccentric shaft 3 is installed with the coaxial heart of the endoporus of cylinder block 1, and outside installation of the eccentric wheel on eccentric shaft 3 rolled ring 2, and an end of pendulum plate 4 hingedly crouches in the groove D that rolls ring 2, and its other end hingedly is bearing among the groove E of cylinder block 1; Suction port A is set on cylinder block 1, and outlet valve 5 is installed.
Pendulum plate 4 and roll ring 2 cylinder 1 is divided into air aspiration cavity B and compression chamber C two-part.
The working procedure of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor is: drive eccentric shaft 3 by external impetus and rotate, the eccentric wheel on the eccentric shaft 3 will roll the inwall that ring 2 is pushed cylinder block 1 to; When rolling ring 2 when being in position shown in Figure 4, compressor cylinder block 1 forms a chamber F with rolling 2 on ring, and atmospheric pressure wherein is about a standard atmospheric pressure; As seen from Figure 5: when suction port A was crossed at the point of contact of rolling ring 2 and cylinder block 1 internal surface, space outerpace communicated with the air aspiration cavity B of cylinder 1; When rolling ring 2 continuation rollings, the volume of air aspiration cavity B strengthens, and degree of vacuum just increases, so outside air is inhaled into air aspiration cavity B; The air that a last circle is stored in compression chamber C is compressed; As seen from Figure 6, when rolling ring 2 and continue rolling, air aspiration cavity B continues to enlarge, and compression chamber C continues to reduce, when the gas pressure in this chamber surpasses the pressure that outlet valve sets, and compressed air is through outlet valve 5 discharges; Circulation is gone down according to this, constantly finishes---compression---exhaust process air-breathing.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 7, needle bearing 11 is installed between the eccentric wheel that rolls on ring 2 and the eccentric shaft 3.
Embodiment 3
Between the eccentric wheel that rolls on ring 2 and the eccentric shaft 3, anti-wearing liner is installed.
Embodiment 4
As shown in Figure 8, installation hydraulically-controlled one-way valve 6 is changed in the position that outlet valve 5 is installed on the cylinder block 1 of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor, can become the swing plate and rolling loop type oil transfer pump.
When cylinder block 1, roll the wearing and tearing after because of foozle or long-term use of eccentric wheel on ring 2 and the eccentric shaft 3 and cause when having radial clearance between them, in eccentric shaft 3 rotation processes, owing to exist eccentric, eccentric wheel on the eccentric shaft 3 is bound to touch the inwall that rolls ring 2 in a certain position, owing to roll the supporting that ring is subjected to putting plate 4 at groove D place, under the effect of the enough power that externally power produced, make and roll ring and 2 tightly press on the inwall of cylinder block 1 all the time, so realized the automatic compensation of radial clearance.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of swing plate and rolling loop type compressor, mainly comprise cylinder block and the end cap of fixedlying connected with its two ends, the endoporus concentric of eccentric shaft and this cylinder block, suction port, outlet valve are arranged on the cylinder block, it is characterized in that: ring is rolled in the outside socket of the eccentric wheel on this eccentric shaft, one end of pendulum plate rolls with this that groove on ring is hinged, the groove on the other end and the cylinder block is hinged, this pendulum plate with roll ring cylinder block be divided into air aspiration cavity and compression chamber.
2, swing plate and rolling loop type compressor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: needle bearing or anti-wearing liner are installed between the eccentric wheel that rolls on ring and the eccentric shaft.
CN 200520028479 2005-04-08 2005-04-08 Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor Expired - Fee Related CN2791304Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520028479 CN2791304Y (en) 2005-04-08 2005-04-08 Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520028479 CN2791304Y (en) 2005-04-08 2005-04-08 Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2791304Y true CN2791304Y (en) 2006-06-28

Family

ID=36807375

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200520028479 Expired - Fee Related CN2791304Y (en) 2005-04-08 2005-04-08 Swing-plate rolling-ring type compressor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2791304Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545739A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 南通广兴气动设备有限公司 Spinning vacuum pump
CN105604982A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-25 南通广兴气动设备有限公司 Rotary-extrusion high-pressure air pump

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545739A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-04 南通广兴气动设备有限公司 Spinning vacuum pump
CN105604982A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-25 南通广兴气动设备有限公司 Rotary-extrusion high-pressure air pump

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20060628

Termination date: 20120408