CN2733184Y - Domestic incinerator - Google Patents

Domestic incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2733184Y
CN2733184Y CN 200420026957 CN200420026957U CN2733184Y CN 2733184 Y CN2733184 Y CN 2733184Y CN 200420026957 CN200420026957 CN 200420026957 CN 200420026957 U CN200420026957 U CN 200420026957U CN 2733184 Y CN2733184 Y CN 2733184Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder body
incinerator
drying cylinder
heater
combustion chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 200420026957
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚志坚
薛岭
朱平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LIYANG ENVIRONMENT SANITARY MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
Original Assignee
LIYANG ENVIRONMENT SANITARY MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LIYANG ENVIRONMENT SANITARY MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT filed Critical LIYANG ENVIRONMENT SANITARY MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT
Priority to CN 200420026957 priority Critical patent/CN2733184Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2733184Y publication Critical patent/CN2733184Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model is a domestic incinerator, comprising a furnace body, a revolution drying device, a conical refining device, an incinerating chamber, an outlet flue, a slag device, an air input system, a gas conditioner, a chimney and a micro computer. The domestic incinerator is characterized in that the upper part of the furnace body is provided with the revolution drying device which can turn over and drying the domestic garbage to loose and dried garbage and conveys the garbage to the furnace body. The baiting angle fitting of the outlet of the drying device extends in the hearth from the center of the furnace roof, and the conical refining device is arranged in the hearth below the baiting angle fitting. The refining device can supply the garbage to the incinerating boundary evenly and loosely. The incinerator is also connected with the micro computer, and the micro computer controls operation of each concerned part. With high degree of automation, high incinerating production capacity and high incinerating quality, the incinerator can incinerate continuously the domestic garbage which is not sorted under the case without auxiliary fuel. The domestic incinerator has the advantages of compact structure, safety, low manufacture cost and low operation cost.

Description

Domestic waste incineration
Affiliated technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of consumer waste incineration device, particularly a kind of vertical domestic garbage continuous incinerator from the furnace roof blanking.
Background technology
At present, the method for domestic rubbish disposal both at home and abroad is a lot, and burning is a kind of method of comparatively common use.Most of waste incineration is all carried out in stove, and incinerator is discrete and horizontal two kinds again.For garbage energy is fully burnt, all adopted various forms of reinforced, stir and ventilate, what have has also added fuel combustion supporting.Above-mentioned various forms of incinerator; The equipment investment that has is big, the operating cost height; The rubbish that has burns not saturating, forms new pollution; What have then needs garbage sorting, and workload is big.Also there is not at present very good incinerator can supply to be applicable.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of from the continuous blanking of furnace roof, need not sort house refuse, and without auxiliary fuel, incineration firing is fully complete, and equipment investment is little, and processing cost is low, the domestic garbage continuous incinerator that automaticity is high.
The technical solution of the utility model is: in upper of furnace body one rotary drying device that can make rubbish roll and dry is set, this drying unit utilizes the high-temperature flue gas oven dry rubbish in the body of heater, make rubbish in this device, roll into loose condition (of surface) simultaneously, rolled in the rubbish limit, advance in the limit, dry on the limit, the blanking elbow of this device feeds the burner hearth of the furnace body from the body of heater crown center, continuously feed in burner hearth.Blanking elbow bottom is that top, combustion chamber is provided with a conical even distributor, by conical revolving sleeve with power rail links together and be movably connected in even distributor on the body of heater at last can make rubbish be scattered in the whole combustion chamber equably and make its catalytic combustion flame farthest.Height H from blanking elbow garbage outlet to incineration firing interface, combustion chamber is a 3-16 rice.Dispersion falls because rubbish is in the combustion chamber, is subjected to from the bottom the upwards impact of the hot blast flame of burning when falling again, makes rubbish becoming looser, dry more from the dropping process of high-altitude, finally reaches at combustion boundary by the beneficial effect of abundant completing combustion.This incinerator is connected with micro computer, and micro computer can carry out analysis-by-synthesis to the situation of waste incineration according to incinerator, and compares with setting data, thereby regulates charging automatically, the speed of slagging tap, air intake, the control of air inducing air quantity etc.Can guarantee that so more the rubbish that enters the various compositions in the stove all can be burned fully fully under the situation that does not add any auxiliary fuel and do not sort.
Advantage of the present utility model
1, can be from the continuous blanking of furnace roof, the rubbish that enters burner hearth is even, dry, loose, is not adding the house refuse that can burn continuously under the auxiliary fuel situation without letter sorting.
2, with microcomputerized control charging, air intake, air inducing and slag tap etc., the automaticity height has alleviated hand labor intensity, has improved the output and the quality of waste incineration, and has realized abundant completing combustion, has reduced the burning cost.
3, this incinerator is simple in structure, and the device fabrication cost is low, and thermal efficiency height does not cause secondary pollution.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the block diagram that the utility model incinerator is connected with micro computer.
In the accompanying drawing: 1, deslagging device, 2, air inlet system, 3, body of heater, 4, the combustion chamber, 5, conical even distributor, 6, conical revolving sleeve.7, power rail, 8, circular hole, 9, outlet flue, 10, the blanking elbow, 11, rotary drying device, 12, buncher, 13, bearing block, 14, the spiral stick, 15, drying cylinder body, 16, smoke outlet tube, 17, induced draught system, 18, feed hopper, 19, flue gas processing device, 20, chimney.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1: the utility model is made up of body of heater 3, rotary drying device 11, drying cylinder body 15, spiral stick 14, bearing block 13, buncher 12, smoke outlet tube 16, feed hopper 18, blanking elbow 10, induced draught system 17, conical even distributor 5, conical revolving sleeve 6, power rail 7, combustion chamber 4, outlet flue 9, deslagging device 1, air inlet system 2, circular hole 8, flue gas processing device 19, chimney 20 and micro computer.In the middle of the body of heater 3 is combustion chamber 4, and upper of furnace body has outlet flue 9, and outlet flue is connected with chimney 20 by flue gas processing device 19 backs, and bottom of furnace body has deslagging device 1, and bottom of furnace body and waist have air inlet system 2.Be provided with rotary drying device 11 above the body of heater.In the middle of this drying unit is a drying cylinder body 15, is provided with the spiral stick 14 that advances to blanking elbow 10 spirality from feed hopper 18 in the drying cylinder body.The drying cylinder body two ends be installed in blanking elbow, feed hopper 18 link the place bearing block 13 in.Drying cylinder body also is connected with buncher 12 by bearing block.Drying cylinder body 15 front ends are equipped with blanking elbow 10, feed hopper 18 is equipped with in the rear end, by bearing block 13 smoke outlet tube 16 is being housed near on the drying cylinder body of feed hopper, drying cylinder body 15 and blanking elbow 10 are flexible connection between feed hopper and the smoke outlet tube 16.Smoke outlet tube is connected with flue gas processing device 19 by pipeline, and flue gas processing device is connected with chimney 20 by pipeline.For improving drying effect, an induced draught system 17 is set in rotary drying device 11, this induced draught system is installed on the pipeline between smoke outlet tube 16 and the flue gas processing device 19.Drying cylinder body rotates under buncher drives, spiral stick in the drying cylinder body can make the rubbish that enters from feed hopper constantly roll in cylindrical shell to advance, make rubbish in rolling, become loose, in advancing, dried, make rubbish water content when entering body of heater be lower than 15%.The high-temperature flue gas used of oven dry rubbish is to be attracted from fire box 4 by the gravitation of chimney or the gravitation that added induced draught system by chimney, damp and hot flue gas after the drying cylindrical shell is dried rubbish is further sent in the flue gas processing device, and flue gas is after treatment discharged from chimney.The bottom of blanking elbow 10 feeds the burner hearth of the furnace body from body of heater 3 crown centers.Be that top, combustion chamber is provided with conical even distributor 5 below the blanking elbow 10, top exit above the conical revolving sleeve 6 of even distributor over against the blanking elbow, be welded with power rail 7 on the revolving sleeve, power rail stretches out outside the body of heater and with body of heater and flexibly connects, have circular hole 8 on the revolving sleeve cylindrical shell, can regulate the position of revolving sleeve in stove with power rail according to the situation of each position incineration firing in the stove and provide the quantity of rubbish, rubbish each several part in stove can both fully be burnt to regulate in stove each position.From the height H of blanking elbow 10 garbage outlets combustion boundary of 4 to the combustion chamber is 6 meters.
As can be seen from Figure 2, the combustion chamber 4 of this incinerator, rotary drying device 11, conical even distributor 5, air inlet system 2, induced draught system 17 and deslagging device 1 all are connected with micro computer by circuit.Micro computer can compare according to the information that obtains and the data of former setting, thereby controls and adjust the operation of various facilities.The automaticity that this has greatly improved this incinerator has alleviated working strength of workers, has improved the output and the quality of burning away the refuse, and has reduced the processing cost of waste incineration.

Claims (6)

1, the utility model relates to a kind of domestic waste incineration, and it comprises body of heater, combustion chamber, outlet flue, deslagging device, air inlet system; Is the combustion chamber in the middle of the body of heater, outlet flue is arranged at top, and outlet flue is connected with chimney after by flue gas processing device, and deslagging device is arranged at the bottom, and bottom and waist have air inlet system; It is characterized in that being provided with above the body of heater rotary drying device, combustion chamber of furnace body top is provided with conical even distributor, and this incinerator is connected with micro computer.
2, domestic waste incineration according to claim 1 is characterized in that: rotary drying device is made up of drying cylinder body, spiral stick, bearing block, buncher, smoke outlet tube, feed hopper, blanking elbow; In the middle of the rotary drying device is a drying cylinder body, be provided with the spiral stick that advances to blanking elbow spirality from feed hopper in the drying cylinder body, the drying cylinder body two ends are installed in and the blanking elbow, feed hopper links in the bearing block of locating, drying cylinder body links by bearing block and buncher, the drying cylinder body front end is equipped with the blanking elbow, feed hopper is equipped with in the drying cylinder body rear end, by bearing block smoke outlet tube is being housed near on the drying cylinder body of feed hopper, drying cylinder body and blanking elbow, be flexible connection between feed hopper and the smoke outlet tube, smoke outlet tube links by pipeline and flue gas processing device, and flue gas processing device links by pipeline and chimney.
3, domestic waste incineration according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: an induced draught system is set in rotary drying device, and this induced draught system is installed on the pipeline between smoke outlet tube and the flue gas processing device.
4, domestic waste incineration according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the bottom of blanking elbow feeds the burner hearth of the furnace body from the body of heater crown center, be that top, combustion chamber is provided with conical even distributor below the blanking elbow, even distributor is made up of conical revolving sleeve and power rail, top exit above the conical revolving sleeve over against the blanking elbow, be welded with power rail on the revolving sleeve, power rail stretches out outside the body of heater and with body of heater and flexibly connects, and has circular hole on the revolving sleeve cylindrical shell.
5, domestic waste incineration according to claim 1 is characterized in that: micro computer is connected with deslagging device by combustion chamber, rotary drying device, conical even distributor, the air inlet system of circuit and incinerator respectively.
6, domestic waste incineration according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the height H from blanking elbow garbage outlet to the combustion boundary of combustion chamber is a 3-16 rice.
CN 200420026957 2004-05-09 2004-05-09 Domestic incinerator Expired - Lifetime CN2733184Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420026957 CN2733184Y (en) 2004-05-09 2004-05-09 Domestic incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420026957 CN2733184Y (en) 2004-05-09 2004-05-09 Domestic incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2733184Y true CN2733184Y (en) 2005-10-12

Family

ID=35069025

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200420026957 Expired - Lifetime CN2733184Y (en) 2004-05-09 2004-05-09 Domestic incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2733184Y (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1317528C (en) * 2004-05-09 2007-05-23 溧阳市环境卫生管理处 Domestic garbage incinerator
CN106090934A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 上海坤扬信息科技有限公司 A kind of rotational flow type consumer waste incineration improves stove and incinerating method
CN106765182A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage disposer
CN107191940A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 湖南绿依环保科技有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment
CN113983465A (en) * 2021-10-19 2022-01-28 河南科技大学 Municipal solid waste incineration system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1317528C (en) * 2004-05-09 2007-05-23 溧阳市环境卫生管理处 Domestic garbage incinerator
CN106090934A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 上海坤扬信息科技有限公司 A kind of rotational flow type consumer waste incineration improves stove and incinerating method
CN106765182A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-31 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage disposer
CN107191940A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 湖南绿依环保科技有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage incineration equipment
CN113983465A (en) * 2021-10-19 2022-01-28 河南科技大学 Municipal solid waste incineration system

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Effective date of abandoning: 20040509

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting