CN2411192Y - Scooter - Google Patents

Scooter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2411192Y
CN2411192Y CN 99256268 CN99256268U CN2411192Y CN 2411192 Y CN2411192 Y CN 2411192Y CN 99256268 CN99256268 CN 99256268 CN 99256268 U CN99256268 U CN 99256268U CN 2411192 Y CN2411192 Y CN 2411192Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
scooter
fixed
provided
vehicle body
front
Prior art date
Application number
CN 99256268
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林信义
Original Assignee
欣锠国际股份有限公司
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Priority to CN 99256268 priority Critical patent/CN2411192Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2411192Y publication Critical patent/CN2411192Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a scooter, which comprises an L-shaped scooter body which is fixedly provided with a handle and a board body, a front wheel assembly which is provided with a link mechanism and a back wheel assembly which is provided with a brake, wherein, the front and the back wheel assemblies are respectively fixed on the scooter body. The link mechanism of the front wheel assembly is provided with two cranks which are respectively pivoted with front wheels. Simultaneously, a fixing rod is fixedly arranged on the scooter body and forms inclination with a definite angle with a horizontal plane. Horizontal component force produced by inclining the scooter body can be used for making a connecting rod of the link mechanism drive the two cranks to move towards the direction of the horizontal component force. Therefore, two front wheels are deflected and swung towards the inclined direction of the scooter body. The scooter can be turned towards the inclined direction of the scooter body. The utility model not only can make the scooter body firmer, but also can enhance safety during turn.

Description

滑板车 Scooter

本实用新型涉及滑板车,特别涉及一种运用车体倾斜来进行转弯的滑板车。 The present invention relates to a scooter, and particularly to a vehicle body is inclined to turn to use the scooter.

一般的滑板车,如图5所示,主要包括一板体51以及一固设有一连结板53的前叉52,前叉52的两端分别枢设有一前轮。 Usually scooter, shown in Figure 5, the main body includes a plate 51 and a fixed front fork 52 is provided with a connecting plate 53, both ends of the front fork 52 are respectively provided with a front wheel pivot. 连结板53通过一枢轴531枢设于该板体51上。 A pivot link 531 pivotally disposed on the plate 53 by the plate 51. 前叉52具有一沿其垂直方向向上延伸的前管521,前管521的顶部水平固设一把手522。 Along the front fork 52 has a tube 521 which extends upwardly in the vertical direction, the front pipe 521 of the top horizontal fixed a handle 522. 另外,板体51相对于前叉52的另一端枢设有后轮组54。 Further, the plate member 51 to pivot relative to the other end of the front fork 52 is provided with a rear wheel set 54.

如图7所示,当上述滑板车转弯时,主要是直接转动把手522令前管521带动前叉52与前轮来改变行进方向。 As shown in FIG 7, when said turning scooters, the main pipe 521 is directly driven by the rotation of the handle 522 so that the front wheel fork 52 and to change the direction of travel. 然而,这样的滑板车在转弯时存在着如下缺点:1.容易失去平衡。 However, there is such a disadvantage that the scooter during a turn: 1. easy to lose balance. 传统滑板车在转弯时,板体51与地面成平行状态,使用者容易因转弯时所产生的离心力作用而失去平衡,虽有人在连结板53与板体51间加设一弹性体(图中未示),使得板体51在转弯时可略为倾斜,如此一来,不但增加成本,而且使得操控滑板车更加困难,这是因为转弯的角度与板体的倾斜角往往无法配合。 Conventional scooter during a turn, the plate 51 and parallel to the ground state, the user can easily turn due to centrifugal force generated when the out of balance, although people between the connecting plate 53 is provided with a plate 51 plus the elastomer (FIG. not shown), so that the plate 51 can be slightly inclined during cornering, Thus, not only increase costs, but also makes it more difficult to control the scooter, since the inclination angle of the turning angle of the plate body often can not fit.

2.受力不均。 2. uneven force. 传统滑板车在转弯时,所产生的扭力绝大多数由枢设该连结板53的枢轴531所承受,使得枢轴531的寿命大幅降低,若改成外径较大的枢轴则不符合经济效益。 Conventional scooter during cornering, the torque produced by the majority of pivotally connecting the pivot shaft 531 of the receiving plate 53, so that the life of the pivot 531 greatly reduced, if not changed to meet the larger outer diameter of the pivot economic benefits.

本实用新型的目的在于提供一种操控容易且稳定性与使用安全性高的滑板车。 Object of the present invention is to provide an easy handling and use of safety and stability of the scooter.

本实用新型的技术方案如下:一种滑板车,它包括一固设有一把手与一板体的车体,一固设于车体把手端的前轮组,以及一固设于相对于把手端的后轮组;所述前轮组装设有一可使前轮转向的四连杆,四连杆与车体呈一倾斜角度,四连杆包括一固设于车体的固定杆,一连接杆,以及两分别连接固定杆与连接杆端部的曲柄,连接杆位于固定杆与车体之间,且两曲柄分别枢设有一前轮。 Aspect of the present invention as follows: A scooter comprising a handle provided with a fixed plate and a vehicle body, a handle fixed to the vehicle body side of the front wheel set, and a solid rear end relative to the handle provided in wheel set; said wheel assembly is provided with a front-wheel steering four-link can, generally a four-bar linkage with the vehicle inclination angle, comprising a four-bar link fixed to the vehicle body fixation rod, a connecting rod, and two cranks are connected to the connecting rod fixed to the rod end portion, the connecting rod is located between the fixed shaft and the vehicle body, and two crank pivotally provided with a front wheel.

所述四连杆为一平行四连杆。 The four-bar linkage is a parallelogram linkage.

所述四连杆通过一连接座固设于车体上,连接座由两相对的金属板组成,两相对的金属板分别形成有一供四连杆的连接杆穿设的孔。 The four-bar linkage through a connecting base fixed to the vehicle body, the two opposing connecting base metal plate, a hole for the connecting rod of the four-link is provided through the two opposite metal plates are formed.

所述后轮组固设有一制动器,制动器为一阶梯状的片体,它包括一固设于板体的水平部,一两侧分别向后轮延伸有一翼片的制动部,以及一供使用者踩踏的作动部。 The rear wheel is provided with a set of fixed brake, a brake is stepped sheet, which comprises a horizontal portion fixed to the plate member, respectively, on both sides of a brake to the rear wheel extends a portion of the flap, and a supply a user operating portion of the pedaling.

本实用新型的滑板车在前轮组装置一四连杆机构,并将该四连杆机构的固定杆固设于车体上,通过车体的倾斜所产生的力矩,使得该四连杆带动前轮偏摆,来实现转弯。 The present invention in a front wheel set scooter device as four-bar linkage, the four-bar linkage and fixing bars fixed to the vehicle body, the torque produced by the inclination of the vehicle body, so that the four-link drive wheel yaw, turning is achieved. 同时通过上述的组合可达到稳固、便于操控、以及使用安全的目的。 At the same time it can be achieved by the combination of the above solid, easy to control, and the use of security.

与传统的滑板车比较,本实用新型具有如下优点:1.车体平衡度佳。 Compared with conventional scooters, the present invention has the following advantages: a good body balance. 由于滑板车转弯的方向与车体的倾斜方向一致,故可将转弯时所产生的离心力对车体的不良影响降至最低,使得使用者转弯时可以轻松地保持平衡而不致摔跤。 Since the same direction of inclination of the scooter turning of the vehicle body, it may be an adverse effect of centrifugal force generated during turning of the vehicle body to a minimum, so that the user can easily balance when cornering and without wrestling.

2.安全性高。 2. safe. 由于滑板车具有一制动器,因此使用者可在下坡时或速度过高时,使用制动器来降低滑板车的速度,遇到突发情况时可避免危险,使得本实用新型的安全性大幅提高。 Due to avoid the danger of having a scooter brake Thus the user may or downhill speed is too high, the brakes to reduce speed scooter, encounter unexpected situations, such that the present invention greatly improved safety.

3.坚固。 3. strong. 车体转弯时所产生的扭力,可经由前轮组的四连杆均匀地传导并分布于整个车体,如此车体不会有局部因承受过多扭力而经常损坏,造成使用者的不便与负担。 When the torque generated by the vehicle cornering, uniformly conducting via the four-bar linkage front wheel set and distributed throughout the body, the body will not have so much torque by receiving the local and often damaged, resulting in user inconvenience and burden.

下面结合附图进一步说明本实用新型的实施例。 Further illustrate the present invention in conjunction with the following embodiments accompanying drawings.

图1为本实用新型的立体外观图,用以说明本实用新型的构成及其形态。 Figure 1 is a perspective external view of the invention, for explaining the present invention and morphological configuration.

图2为本实用新型后轮组的平面图,用以说明本实用新型后轮组各部元件的结合情形。 FIG 2 is a plan view of the rear group of invention to be described in conjunction with the present invention, the rear case member group departments.

图3为本实用新型前轮组的平面图,用以说明本实用新型前轮组各部元件的结合情形。 Figure 3 is a plan view of the front wheel set of new utility for the present invention is described in conjunction with the case of front wheel set of each part element.

图4为本实用新型前轮组转弯时的平面图,用以说明本实用新型前轮组在转弯时的形态。 FIG 4 is a plan view of the front wheel set turning invention, for explaining the embodiment of the present invention when turning the front wheel set.

图5为传统滑板车的立体外观图。 FIG 5 is a perspective view of the appearance of a conventional scooter FIG.

图6为传统滑板车的俯视图。 FIG 6 is a top plan view of a conventional scooter.

图7为传统滑板车转弯时的俯视图。 7 is a top view of a conventional scooter turning.

本实用新型是一种操控容易且稳固的滑板车。 The utility model is an easy and secure handling of scooters. 首先参阅图1,它主要包括一L型车体10,一具有一四连杆机构的前轮组20,以及一具有制动器31的后轮组30。 Referring first to FIG. 1, which comprises an L-shaped main body 10, a front wheel having a set of four-bar linkage 20, and a rear wheel brake 31 having 30 groups. 该前、后轮组20、30分别固设于该车体10上。 The front and rear wheel sets 20, 30 are fixed on the vehicle body 10. L型车体10在其垂直部的顶端固设有一与前轮组20平行的把手101,在其水平部固设有一与前轮组20垂直的板体102。 L-shaped body 10 at the top of its vertical portion is provided with a fixed front wheel set 20 of parallel with the handle 101, is fixedly disposed in the horizontal portion 20 perpendicular to the plate with a front wheel set 102. 前轮组20的四连杆机构,本实用新型以平行四连杆机构为实施例,该平行四连杆机构包含有一固设于该车体10的固定杆21,一平行于固定杆21的连接杆22,以及两曲柄23、24。 Front wheel set of the four-bar linkage 20, the present invention is a parallel four-bar linkage embodiment, the parallel link mechanism comprises a stationary fixed to the vehicle body 21 of the rod 10, a rod 21 parallel to the fixed the connecting rod 22, and two cranks 23, 24. 两曲柄23、24分别枢设并连结于固定杆21与连接杆22的两端点。 Two cranks 23 and 24 and are pivotally connected to both ends of the fixed point rod 21 and the connecting rod 22. 同时,两曲柄23、24与固定杆21与连结杆22形成一平行四边形。 Meanwhile, the two cranks 23 and 24 form a parallelogram with the connecting rod 21 and the fixed rod 22. 该平行四边形与水平面具有一定角度的倾斜;同时,两曲柄23、24分别在其靠近中心点的下方枢设有一前轮,平行四连杆机构通过一连接座201固设于车体上,连接座201由两相对的金属板所组成,两相对的金属板分别形成有一孔202,供平行四连杆机构的连接杆22穿设,并使得连接杆22位于车体10与固定杆21之间。 To the horizontal plane of the parallelogram is inclined at a predetermined angle; at the same time, two cranks 23 and 24 are respectively provided with a front wheel at its center point close to pivot downward, the parallel link mechanism 201 via a connecting base fixed to the vehicle body, the connection Block 201 by the two opposing metal plates composed of two opposite metal plates are formed with a hole 202, the connecting rod for the parallelogram link mechanism 22 is disposed through, and 21 are such that the connecting rod 10 and the rod 22 is fixed to the vehicle body . 另外,后轮组30固设在板体102相对于前轮组20的一端。 Further, the rear wheel set 30 is fixed at one end of the plate 102 with respect to the front wheel set 20. 当直线前进时,后轮的侧面与前轮的侧面平行,如图2所示,后轮组的制动器31为一阶梯状的片体,它包括一固设于板体的水平部,一两侧向后轮延伸有两翼片311的制动部,以及一供使用者踩踏的作动部。 When straight ahead, the front side and rear side in parallel, as shown, the rear wheel brake 31 is set in a stepped 2 sheet, which comprises a horizontal portion fixed to the plate body, twelve there are two wings laterally extending rear portion 311 of the plate brake, and an actuating portion for the user's pedaling.

参阅图3,当本实用新型直线前进时,固定杆21施于两曲柄的力F3、F4以及两前轮分别施于两曲柄的力F1、F2,其合力为零,因此滑板车得以保持直线前进。 Referring to Figure 3, when the present invention is straight forward, fixed to the crank a force applied to two 21 F3, F4, respectively, and the two front force F1 applied to the two cranks, F2, its force is zero, and therefore maintained straight scooter go ahead.

参阅图4,当滑板车朝曲柄24倾斜时,两曲柄所受的作用力F1、F2、F3、F4分别产生垂直分力与水平分力F5、F6、F7、F8。 Referring to Figure 4, when the crank 24 is inclined toward the scooter, the two crank suffered force F1, F2, F3, F4, respectively, a vertical force component and a horizontal component force F5, F6, F7, F8. 垂直分力因为两两互相抵销而达到平衡,水平分力F7、F8因作用于支点上因此没有产生力矩。 Because the offset vertical component twenty-two equilibrium with each other, the horizontal component force F7, F8 acting on the fulcrum so no moment is generated. 另外,水平分力F5、F6分别对两曲柄23、24产生一朝向曲柄23的力矩,因该力矩的作用且又因固定杆21固设于车体上的缘故,使得两曲柄23、24与连接杆22同时连动并朝曲柄23方向偏移,进而使得两前轮朝车体倾斜方向偏摆,并与车体产生一角度θ,让滑板车朝车体倾斜方向转弯。 Further, the horizontal component force F5, F6 two cranks 23 and 24 respectively produce a moment toward the crank 23, by the action of the moment and because due to the fixation rod 21 fixed to the vehicle body's sake, so that the crank 23 and two while the connecting rod 22 and the linkage 23 toward the offset direction of the crank, so that the two front wheels turn toward the oblique direction of the vehicle body yaw, and body with a generating angle [theta], so that the scooter turning toward the oblique direction of the vehicle body. 由于滑板车转弯的方向与车体的倾斜方向一致,故可将转弯时所产生的离心力对车体的影响降至最低。 Since the same direction of inclination of the scooter turning of the vehicle body, it may affect the centrifugal force generated during turning of the vehicle body to a minimum.

当本实用新型的制动器受使用者踩踏时,制动器的两翼片分别抵住后轮的两端来制动滑板车。 When the present invention by the user depressing the brake, the brake wings against the sheet ends respectively to the rear wheel brake scooter. 当外力移除时,制动器不需再借助任何外力即以本身的弹力恢复原状,并可通过使用者踩踏时施力的大小,来控制滑板车前进的速度。 When the external force is removed, then the brake without using any external force that is the elastic force of restitution of itself, and through pedaling force when the size of the user, to control the speed of the scooter forward.

Claims (4)

1.一种滑板车,它包括一固设有一把手与一板体的车体,一固设于车体把手端的前轮组,以及一固设于相对于把手端的后轮组;其特征在于:所述前轮组装设有一可使前轮转向的四连杆,四连杆与车体呈一倾斜角度,四连杆包括一固设于车体的固定杆,一连接杆,以及两分别连接固定杆与连接杆端部的曲柄,连接杆位于固定杆与车体之间,且两曲柄分别枢设有一前轮。 A scooter comprising a handle provided with a fixed plate and a vehicle body, a handle fixed to the vehicle body side of the front wheel set, and a fixed to the rear end of the handle with respect to the group; wherein : the front wheel assembly is provided with a front-wheel steering four-link can, generally a four-bar linkage with the vehicle inclination angle, comprising a four-bar link fixed to the vehicle body fixation rod, a connecting rod, and two, respectively connecting rod connecting the crank rod fixed to an end portion of the connecting rod is located between the fixed rod and the vehicle body, and two crank pivotally provided with a front wheel.
2.根据权利要求1所述的滑板车,其特征在于:所述四连杆为一平行四连杆。 The scooter according to claim 1, wherein: the four-bar linkage is a parallelogram linkage.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的滑板车,其特征在于:所述四连杆通过一连接座固设于车体上,连接座由两相对的金属板组成,两相对的金属板分别形成有一供四连杆的连接杆穿设的孔。 The scooter of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: the four-bar linkage through a connecting base fixed to the vehicle body, the two opposing connecting base metal plate, two opposite metal plates are It is formed with a four-bar linkage for the hole formed in the connecting rod.
4.根据权利要求1所述的滑板车,其特征在于:所述后轮组固设有一制动器,制动器为一阶梯状的片体,它包括一固设于板体的水平部,一两侧分别向后轮延伸有一翼片的制动部,以及一供使用者踩踏的作动部。 The scooter according to claim 1, wherein: said wheel is provided with a set of fixed brake, the brake is stepped in a sheet, comprising a horizontal portion fixed to the plate, both sides of a extend to the rear wheel brake has a flap portion and a driving portion for the user's pedaling.
CN 99256268 1999-12-23 1999-12-23 Scooter CN2411192Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99256268 CN2411192Y (en) 1999-12-23 1999-12-23 Scooter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99256268 CN2411192Y (en) 1999-12-23 1999-12-23 Scooter

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN2411192Y true CN2411192Y (en) 2000-12-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005058681A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-06-30 Gangyi Ying Electric scooter
CN101678872B (en) 2007-10-22 2013-01-23 丰田自动车株式会社 Coaxial two-wheel vehicle and method of controlling the same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005058681A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-06-30 Gangyi Ying Electric scooter
CN101678872B (en) 2007-10-22 2013-01-23 丰田自动车株式会社 Coaxial two-wheel vehicle and method of controlling the same

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