CN2203192Y - Vertical spiral bean sorter - Google Patents

Vertical spiral bean sorter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2203192Y
CN2203192Y CN 93244994 CN93244994U CN2203192Y CN 2203192 Y CN2203192 Y CN 2203192Y CN 93244994 CN93244994 CN 93244994 CN 93244994 U CN93244994 U CN 93244994U CN 2203192 Y CN2203192 Y CN 2203192Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral
inner slide
helical
bean
beans
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 93244994
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱鸿明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGCHUN ENGINEERING FOOD RESEARCH INST
Original Assignee
CHANGCHUN ENGINEERING FOOD RESEARCH INST
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGCHUN ENGINEERING FOOD RESEARCH INST filed Critical CHANGCHUN ENGINEERING FOOD RESEARCH INST
Priority to CN 93244994 priority Critical patent/CN2203192Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2203192Y publication Critical patent/CN2203192Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a vertical spiral bean sorter, which utilizes the gravity and the centrifugal effect to separate impurities from beans in a dry method. The main working parts of the vertical spiral bean sorter are a feeding funnel and a rectifying funnel which are fixed on a supporting frame; a flow splitting cap, a spiral inner slide way, a spiral outer slide way, a quality bean discharge port, and a degraded bean discharge port are all fixed on a core axle; a supporting frame and a central spindle are vertically installed on a bottom frame and are covered in an outer casing. The beans which need to be sorted can freely fall on the flow splitting cap after conveyed in the feeding funnel by a screw lifter (or manual labor), and the sorting purpose can be realized by that the beans slide downwards along the spiral inner slide way and the spiral outer slide way via the rectifying funnel. The utility model has the advantages of little ground occupying area, convenient operation, labor saving, energy saving, high impurity removing efficiency, and no noise pollution.

Description

Vertical spiral bean sorter
The utility model provides a kind of dry method cull eliminator that utilizes gravity to separate impurity in the beans with centrifugal action.
The screening installation of beans mainly contains vibratory sieve, the sorting of suction (blowing) wind formula, ladder chute, horizontal spiral sorting at present, wherein vibratory sieve, the sorting of suction (blowing) wind formula are dry separations, ladder chute, horizontal spiral sorting are wet splits, but all there is sorting cost height, impurities removing efficiency is low, loss is big, and noise is big, shortcomings such as contaminated environment.
The purpose of this utility model is to avoid above-mentioned weak point of the prior art, and a kind of shunting cap that has is provided, the inside and outside slideway structure device of the vertical multi-layer spiral of rectification bucket, and it can isolate the impurity in the beans rapidly, and sorting is thorough, efficiency of separation height.
The utility model purpose is achieved like this, make the vertical direction spiral motion as particle, the linear velocity of motion is big more, suffered centrifugal action is just big more, but just different as the suffered resistance of different suffered gravity of the proportion of granular materials and motion on flight, beans mainly are to roll on flight, frictional resistance is little, acceleration is big, and it is big that the movement velocity value increases, and keeping screw needs centripetal force also big; Impurity mainly is to slide on flight, frictional resistance is big, acceleration is little, it is little that the movement velocity value increases, keeping screw needs centripetal force little, and the centripetal force that beans obtain when mixing on flight motion is different, and the centripetal force that impurity obtains can be kept its motion in spiral, and the centripetal force deficiency that beans obtain just breaks away from spiral and makes centrifugal motion.
This device is finished according to above-mentioned idea design, see accompanying drawing 1, be vertical helical bean sorter schematic diagram, beans and impurity rise to elevating hopper 8 by feed hopper 4 through spiral, again through shunting cap 9 with rectification bucket 10 enters into helical form inner slide 12 and 13 of helical form external slideway are downward for the helical movement, impurity such as dust, skin of beancurd flows out from impurity outlet 19 as a result, and particles such as soil block, rubble, broken beans flow out from substandard products discharging opening 17, and whole grain soybean is flowed out from certified products discharging opening 16.
Wherein the helical form inner slide is made up of four identical spirals, their aligning method is to add a slice along the every half-twist of helical axis interval P distance, general P sees accompanying drawing 2 at 10-50mm(), the helical form external slideway has only a slice, but the baffle plate of holding up (seeing accompanying drawing 3) is arranged on the external diameter, the pitch of helical form external slideway must be less than 2/3 of helical form external slideway outer diameter D with the helical angle and the outside diameter d identical, the helical form inner slide of helical form inner slide, and the helixangle of external slideway flight is advisable at 30 °-60 ° in the helical form.
Shunting cap 9(sees accompanying drawing 4) to form by a cone and column, the cone angle of cone is at 90 °---and be advisable in 150 ° of scopes, be threaded on the column and can adjust cone up and down, adjustment height is 0---80mm(sees accompanying drawing 4).
But adjust the helical angle of external slideway in the helical form and cone angle and the cone and the upper and lower different types of bean or pea of distance sorting of rectification bucket of cone, as red bean, mung bean etc.
Elevating hopper 8, rectification bucket 10 all are fixed on the support.Shunting cap 9, helical form inner slide 12, helical form external slideway 13 all is fixed on the helical axis core 11.Sorting working portions such as elevating hopper 8 shunting caps 9, rectification bucket 10, helical form inner slide 12, helical form external slideway 13, helical axis core 11, support 14 are all in outer cover 18, to prevent dust and the influence that weakens NOISE ON ENVIRONMENT.
This equipment has cheap, and is simple in structure, time saving and energy saving, the impurities removing efficiency height, good separation effect, power consumption less, advantage such as pollution-free.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment (seeing shown in the accompanying drawing 1) each concrete structure of bean sorter is described: 1. underframe 2. motors 3. decelerators 4. storage bin(hopper)s 5. material loading helical axis 6. material loading spiral urceolus 7. discharging openings 8. elevating hoppers 9. shunting caps 10. rectification buckets 11. mandrels 12. helical form inner slide sea whelks 13. helical form external slideway sea whelks 14. peripheral boards 15. supports 16. certified products discharging openings 17. substandard products discharging openings 18. outer covers 19. sundry goods discharging openings 20. castors.Be the bean sorter parameter of sorting soya bean below:
The inside and outside slideway pitch of helical form t is 240mm, and helixangle is 45 °
Helical form inner slide spiral outside diameter d 230mm, arrangement pitch p is 35mm.
Helical form external slideway spiral outer diameter D 450mm.
It is 10mm with the vertical distance of rectification bucket discharging opening that shunting cap tapering α is 120 °.
Soya bean sorting amount can reach 1 ton/hour.
Impurities removing efficiency>98%.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of vertical helical bean sorter with dry separation beans and impurity, it is characterized in that this device by struggle against by stream 10 and be fixed on shunting cap 9 on the mandrel 11 from top to bottom, the multi-layer spiral inner slide 12, the monolithic spiral that constitute with four flights add the helical form inner slide 13 that plate washer constitutes, the vertical structure of forming.
2, vertical helical bean sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that shunting cap 9 is made up of cone and threaded column; The cone angle of cone is 90 °-150 °, and the screw thread on the column can make shunting cap regulate in being higher than rectification bucket bottom 0-80mm scope.
3, vertical helical bean sorter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that multi-layer spiral inner slide 12 makes same-handed shape sheet iron and form by being fixed on the mandrel 11 four, its position is to press the every half-twist of mandrel axis, P is apart from a slice is installed at interval, be arranged above and below, P is between the 10-50mm at interval.
4, according to the described vertical helical bean sorter of claim 1, it is characterized in that its multi-layer spiral inner slide 12 has identical pitch and helixangle with monolithic helical form external slideway 13, its helixangle is 30 °-60 °.
5,, it is characterized in that the external diameter of its each flight of helical form inner slide must be less than 2/3 of helical form external slideway external diameter according to the described vertical helical bean sorter of claim 1.
CN 93244994 1993-11-19 1993-11-19 Vertical spiral bean sorter Expired - Fee Related CN2203192Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93244994 CN2203192Y (en) 1993-11-19 1993-11-19 Vertical spiral bean sorter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93244994 CN2203192Y (en) 1993-11-19 1993-11-19 Vertical spiral bean sorter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2203192Y true CN2203192Y (en) 1995-07-12

Family

ID=33818076

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 93244994 Expired - Fee Related CN2203192Y (en) 1993-11-19 1993-11-19 Vertical spiral bean sorter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2203192Y (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102698960A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-10-03 多棱新材料股份有限公司 Device for sorting steel grit granules
CN103005650A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-03 东莞市超顺机电设备工程有限公司 Material recovery device of mochi machine
CN103920554A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-07-16 安徽蒂王集团食品有限公司 Grain impurity removal device
CN104876036A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-02 山东瑞良烘干机械科技有限公司 Barn feed device
CN105710040A (en) * 2016-03-12 2016-06-29 无为县荣华鬃刷制品有限公司 Multi-stage bristle sorting machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102698960A (en) * 2012-06-11 2012-10-03 多棱新材料股份有限公司 Device for sorting steel grit granules
CN102698960B (en) * 2012-06-11 2015-05-20 多棱新材料股份有限公司 Device for sorting steel grit granules
CN103005650A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-04-03 东莞市超顺机电设备工程有限公司 Material recovery device of mochi machine
CN103920554A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-07-16 安徽蒂王集团食品有限公司 Grain impurity removal device
CN104876036A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-09-02 山东瑞良烘干机械科技有限公司 Barn feed device
CN104876036B (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-03-15 山东瑞良烘干机械科技有限公司 Granary feeding device
CN105710040A (en) * 2016-03-12 2016-06-29 无为县荣华鬃刷制品有限公司 Multi-stage bristle sorting machine
CN105710040B (en) * 2016-03-12 2019-07-05 无为县荣华鬃刷制品有限公司 A kind of multistage wool ranking machine of mane

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee